Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 814
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Królczyk G - - 2005
It is hypothesised that the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen increases or has no effect on food intake, and electrical stimulation of vagal nerves decreases food intake. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of baclofen in vagally stimulated rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty two Wistar rats were ...
Kawaguchi Maiko - - 2005
Running wheel access and resulting voluntary exercise alter food intake and reduce body weight. The neural mechanisms underlying these effects are unclear. In this study, we first assessed the effects of 7 days of running wheel access on food intake, body weight, and hypothalamic gene expression. We demonstrate that running ...
TAMASHIRO, KELLIE L. K.
Exposure to stress elicits behavioral and physiological responses in animals and humans, including changes in food intake and body weight. This dissertation uses a unique animal model of social stress, the Visible Burrow System (VBS), to study the effects of stress on energy homeostasis. The experiments presented in this dissertation ...
Berzlanovich Andrea M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of food/foreign body asphyxia in the elderly Viennese population in order to reduce the incidence of these fatal events. METHODS: This is an autopsy-based, retrospective study in Vienna, Austria. Participants included all nonhospitalized (n =200) cases of choking in 1984 to 2001, from a total ...
St-Onge Marie-Pierre - - 2005
Functional foods are similar to conventional foods in appearance, but they have benefits that extend beyond their basic nutritional properties. For example, functional foods have been studied for the prevention of osteoporosis, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. They have yet to be related to the prevention of obesity, although obesity is ...
Mei Jie - - 2005
1,5-anhydro-d-fructose (1,5-AF) is a novel monosaccharide produced by the action of alpha-1,4-glucan lyase (EC 4.2.2.13) on glycogen, starch, or related substrates such as maltose and maltosaccharides. 1,5-AF is of interest as a compound to be used as a food supplement because of its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antidiabetic properties. This enforces ...
Mwale Fackson - - 2005
Degenerative disc disease has been implicated as a major component of spine pathology. However, although biological repair of the degenerate disk would be the ideal treatment, there is no universally accepted scaffold for tissue engineering of the intervertebral disk. To help remedy this, we investigated the gelation kinetics of various ...
Ziomber Agata - - 2005
Electrostimulation of vagal nerve (VNS) by microchip (MC) with magnetic field energy supply may "mimic" the physiological output associated with gastric mechanoreceptors activation by food and lead to decrease in food intake and subsequently decrease in weight gain. Vago-vagal reflexes in growing animals seems to be mainly responsible for meal ...
Dib B - - 2005
Adult rats were treated subcutaneously for 10 days with capsaicin, and their food intake and body weight were recorded for almost 6 weeks after stopping the treatment. The animals were exposed to different ambient temperatures: Ta (22, 32, 35, 10 and 22 degrees C). In the capsaicin-treated group a persistent ...
Patel Meeta R - - 2005
This study examined packing (pocketing or holding accepted food in the mouth) in 3 children who were failing to thrive or had inadequate weight gain due to insufficient caloric intake. The results of an analysis of texture indicated that total grams consumed were higher when lower textured foods were presented ...
Atchley Deann P D - - 2005
Serotonin plays an important role in controlling food intake and regulating body weight. Thus, altered serotonergic function may be involved in the etiology of anorexia nervosa. To investigate this hypothesis, we examined whether activation of the serotonin system increases the severity of activity-based anorexia, an animal model of anorexia nervosa ...
Elfhag Kristina - - 2004
Weight loss outcome for 49 obese patients after 6 months treatment in a behavior modification program was related to Rorschach personality characteristics according to the Comprehensive System (Exner, 2003), also including the Rorschach Oral Dependency Scale (Bornstein, 1996; Masling & Rabie, 1967). Less weight loss was predicted by signs of ...
Anderson Annie S - - 2004
A longitudinal design was used to survey individual members of 22 couples about food choices, dietary intake and body weight around three months prior to cohabitation and again about three months after the moving-in date. Changes after cohabitation included an increase in shared meal occasions, increased likelihood of including alcohol ...
Hirsch Edward S - - 2005
Twenty years of testing in the field has consistently revealed that food intake is inadequate when packaged military rations are fed as the sole source of food. Food intake is much lower and there is a loss of body weight. Conversely when these rations are fed to students or military ...
Kasaoka Seiichi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Histamine, a derivative of histidine, decreases food intake and body fat by activation of histamine neurons. Our objective was to clarify the effect of dietary histidine, in particular, on food intake and/or body fat accumulation in rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were assigned to one of four groups after ...
Zhang Yu - - 2004
Triterpenoids, which may have significant application to the development of natural medicines and functional foods as biological active components, are widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom. This paper evaluated the safety of a triterpenoid-rich extract of bamboo shavings (EBS) systematically. (i) Acute toxicity test: The oral maximum tolerated dose of ...
Yuwaki Keiichi - - 2004
A new method was introduced to assess the effects of hyper-gravity on secretion of corticosterone, one of the major stress hormone, in mouse. The hormone was extracted from feces of the animal and measured by means of ELISA. The amount of corticosterone was high at the beginning of breeding under ...
Charron I - - 2004
The body weight threshold for hoarding behavior of rats is routinely used as a means to discern an animal's body weight regulation. We explored whether the size of food pellets would modify hoarding and the hoarding threshold. In Experiment 1, we offered the rats either large (ca. 5 g) or ...
Blundell John E - - 2004
In any particular group of people-living in the same culture-some gain weight whilst others do not. Overconsumption of food is one factor contributing to this susceptibility to weight gain. Because all individuals are exposed to a similar range of environmental appetite-stimulating factors, the variability in overconsumption must be due to ...
McGuigan Michael R - - 2004
There are no published data on the reliability of competitive strength performance, even though it has a pronounced effect on athletes' medal prospects and the ability of coaches and athletes to identify factors that affect competitive performance. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the reliability of elite olympic ...
Belke Terry W - - 2004
A biobehavioural analysis of activity anorexia suggests that the motivation for physical activity is regulated by food supply and body weight. In the present experiment, food allocation was varied within subjects by prefeeding food-deprived rats 0, 5, 10 and 15 g of food before sessions of lever pressing for wheel-running ...
Chen Richard Z - - 2004
Nalmefene is an orally available opioid receptor antagonist that has been shown to suppress appetite in humans, but its effects on chronic food intake and body weight remain unclear. Here, we report that chronic (21-day) oral administration of nalmefene at 2 or 10 mg/kg/day in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice led ...
Davidson T L - - 2004
During the past 15-20 y, the incidence of overweight and obesity in the United States has grown rapidly. The processes that underlie this alarming trend remain largely unspecified. We hypothesize that degradation of the ability to use certain orosensory cues to predict the caloric consequences of intake may contribute to ...
Quirino C R - - 2004
Genetic, environmental and phenotypic correlations between libido, testicular measurements, body weight and semen traits were estimated by multiple-trait-restricted maximum likelihood (MTDFREML) under animal models. Reproductive records, collected from 1992 to 1997, of 288 Nellore bulls were used. Estimates of heritability for libido unadjusted, adjusted for scrotal circumference and adjusted for ...
Drapeau Vicky - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns play an important role in the control of body weight. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify whether changes in some dietary patterns over a 6-y follow-up period would be associated with weight changes. DESIGN: A sample of 248 volunteers of the Québec Family Study ...
Krummel Debra A - - 2004
This study examined factors related to stages of change for weight-management behaviors in postpartum women. Cross-sectional data, collected at baseline, are reported from the Mothers' Overweight Management Study (MOMS), a randomized, controlled trial conducted in postpartum women who participated in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children ...
Jaberzadeh S - - 2004
The effect of gravity should be considered when using isokinetic devices to measure human movement performance. In most isokinetic dynamometers gravity compensation is controlled by software through a gravity correction option. However in some complex research protocols the dynamometer signal acquisition and processing capability is not adequate to effectively synchronize ...
Gilles Bruno - - 2004
Weight measurements at the bottom of a quasi-2D vertical sheet of static cohesionless grains are carried out. The grains are held between two coaxial cylinders. This peculiar setup allows us to set either periodic or fixed lateral boundary conditions. Huge relative fluctuations in weight measurements appear in case of fixed ...
Pierce Barbara J - - 2004
Migrating songbirds interrupt their feeding to fly between stopover sites that may vary appreciably in diet quality. We studied the effects of fasting and food restriction on body composition and digestive organs in a migratory songbird and how these effects interacted with diet quality to influence the rate of recovery ...
Porter James P - - 2004
We recently reported that intracerebroventricular infusions of ANG II decreased food intake and increased energy expenditure in young rats. The aim of the present study was to determine if intracerebroventricular ANG II has similar effects in adult rats. The time course of the effect was also investigated with the idea ...
Klaassen Marcel - - 2004
We address the question of whether physiological flexibility in relation to climate is a general feature of the metabolic properties of birds. We tested this hypothesis in hand-raised Garden Warblers (Sylvia borin), long-distance migrants, which normally do not experience great temperature differences between summer and winter. We maintained two groups ...
Venkitraman P R - - 2004
Penaeid prawns M. dobsoni of two different size ranges were ablated both unilaterally (UEA) and bilaterally (BEA) and subjected to individual study. The UEA prawns consumed almost the same amount of food as the control prawns in the size group, 35-40mm, but consumed about 57.8% more food than the control ...
Anderson G Harvey - - 2004
This review presents 4 lines of evidence supporting a role for proteins in the regulation of food intake and maintenance of healthy body weights. It is concluded that the protein content of food, and perhaps its source, is a strong determinant of short-term satiety and of how much food is ...
Laskiewicz J - - 2004
Study was based on hypothesis that electrical stimulation (ES) with parameters obtained from analysis of vagal afferent discharge fed state may fake brain with satiety state. We evaluated effect of denervation of vagal capsaicin-sensitive afferents on food intake and body weight in rats with ES of vagal nerves using microchip ...
Woodrow Graham - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Body composition changes occur in peritoneal dialysis (PD) due to abnormalities in nutrition and hydration. We investigated abnormalities of nutrition and hydration in PD patients compared with healthy controls by measurement of total body potassium (TBK) and body water compartments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison study. METHODS: We measured TBK--an indicator ...
Idowu, AB; Department of ...
The performance of the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus (L) fed on different food plants namely cassava (Manihot esculenta), pawpaw (Carica papaya) and acalypha (Acalypha wilkesiana) and a mixture of these plants (mixed diets) from 5th nymphal instar to adult was investigated. Survivor and longevity of nymphs and as well as ...
Barboza P S - - 2004
Reindeer are polygynous ruminants that breed when plant growth declines in the Arctic. We studied seven males (2 years and older) in two herds with a total of 34 females to describe the costs and consequences of mating or rut. Body mass declined between September and November and did not ...
Bernao Aonio - - 2004
This 12-day study was conducted to evaluate the effects of three different levels of dietary chromium (100, 200, and 500 microg/day) in the form of chromium picolinate (CrPic) on growth and protein use in weaned rats. No significant effect of CrPic on body weight gain, food intake, or food conversion ...
Matyja Andrzej - - 2004
In obesity patients inexpensive, non-invasive, low risk treatment remains a holy grail. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effect of long term and low frequency vagal pacing on feeding behavior in pigs. METHODS: Two groups of animals were investigated, first control with sham operation and second group with ...
Hagiwara Akihiro - - 2003
This study was designed to evaluate and characterize any subacute toxicity of 1-carboxy-5,7-dibromo-6-hydroxy-2,3,4-trichloroxanthone (HXCA), an impurity of Phloxine B (Food Red No. 104 in Japan, D&C Red No. 28 in the USA), when administered to both sexes of F344 rats at dietary levels of 0 (control), 0.005, 0.05 and 0.5%. ...
Higo Ryuzaburo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pediatric foreign body cases in the aerodigestive tract, and to elucidate the characteristic problems in Japan. METHODS: A total of 310 pediatric patients (age 15 or below), gathered from two medical university hospitals (University of Tokyo and Jichi Medical School), were included in this study. Data were ...
Laskiewicz J - - 2003
Food induced neurohumoral signals are conduced to data processing brain centers mainly as vagal afferent discharge resulting in food intake regulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of vagal nerve neuromodulation in control of food intake with fed-pattern microchip (MC) pacing. Experiments were performed on 60 rats ...
Elfhag Kristina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study personality and clinical factors in weight loss by sibutramine (Meridia and Reductil), an anti-obesity drug enhancing satiety. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The subjects were 30 obese patients [43 +/- 12 years (mean +/- SD), BMI 40 +/- 4 kg/m(2)]. The treatment comprised 15 mg of sibutramine administered ...
Sharp Jody - - 2003
The objective of this study was to compare the recovery of male rats after a major abdominal surgical procedure (the implantation of a radiotelemetry transmitter) when treated with buprenorphine, butorphanol, or ketoprofen and subcutaneous fluids (5% dextrose) or with subcutaneous fluids only. The parameters for assessing recovery were heart rate ...
Todić Maida - - 2003
Body weight variations during toxicological testing can be one of the indicators of the test substance toxic effects. Data on food and water consumption are true indicators of the rate of growth of experimental animals (Stevens & Gallo, 1989). Daily recording of the food and water consumption was done during ...
Yuwaki Keiichi - - 2003
Mice exposed to hypergravity, especially soon after start of exposure, diminished the body weight and the food intake. The amount of food intake was kept less than that of the ground control during hypergravity breeding for 2 weeks. Furthermore, the weight of testis relative to the body weight increased compared ...
Smith C Michael - - 2003
The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is a major pest of wheat in North America, reducing U.S. wheat production by 60 to 100 million dollars each year. In this research, 149 wheat lines containing genes from Aegilops tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. were evaluated for resistance to greenbug biotype I. More than 50% ...
Lee Soo-Kyung - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Socio-economic development influences many factors that affect health, especially diet and nutrition. This investigation proposes that a system of transitions occur as societies develop, with socio-economic, physical activity, dietary, nutrition and body weight transitions operating in relationship with each other. This model of transitions was examined empirically using South ...
Schäfer E - - 2003
To compare the weight loss of eight different root-canal sealers in water and in artificial saliva with different pH values. For standardized samples (n = 12 per group), ring moulds were filled with epoxy resin (AH 26, AH Plus)-, silicone (RSA RoekoSeal)-, calcium hydroxide (Apexit, Sealapex)-, zinc oxide-eugenol (Aptal-Harz)-, glass-ionomer ...
Navia B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the desire to lose weight in a group of university students, and to analyse the influence of this desire on declared food habits. The degree of knowledge on what constitutes a balanced diet was also determined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population survey. SUBJECTS: ...
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