Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 832
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Tamura Bruce K - - 2007
Weight loss occurs frequently in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). This article will review why weight loss is so important in AD patients and what the ramifications are. This includes not only the negative effects of weight loss but possible benefits of weight gain. There is some evidence that weight ...
Kim Jung-Hyun - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the recognition of body image and food behavior factors according to the BMI. The subjects of this study were 242 7th grade students resided in San Francisco area. The degree of recognition for self-estimated physique of subjects by gender and by race ...
van Strien Tatjana T Department of Clinical Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, - - 2007
To examine whether dieting--restriction of food intake for the purpose of weight control--suppresses or promotes excessive food intake and weight gain. A 4-year follow-up study of a dietary intervention in a sample of 97 patients with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Weight gain, change in body mass index (measured weight ...
Jenks Rebecca A - - 2007
Many young women report smoking due to weight concerns, but little is known about the relationship between weight concerns and current smoking behavior. The present study examined smoking topography and the acute sensory and physiological responses to smoking in dieting and non-dieting young women. In addition, the effect of presentation ...
Mirshamsi Shirin - - 2007
A number of hormones, including leptin, have been shown to inhibit food intake in humans and animals. Analogues of 3-guanidinopropionic acid have also been found to reduce total food intake, but their mechanisms of action have not been well studied. The present study investigated the effects of intracerebroventricular infusion of ...
Yu Shih-Fing - - 2006
The young sticks and leaves of Sauropus androgynus (SA) that had been used as a health food for body weight reduction, led to an outbreak of obliterative bronchiolitis in Taiwan. This study tested the toxicity and anti-obesity features of the SA-isolated compound, 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucosyl-kaempferol (GGK), on male Wistar rats receiving 6 ...
Malmlöf Kjell - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the metabolic effects of a specific histamine H(3) receptor antagonist, the cinnamic amide NNC 0038-0000-1202 (NNC 38-1202). RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Effects of NNC 38-1202 on paraventricular levels of histamine and acute effects on food intake were followed in normal ...
Dye Raymond H RH - - 2006
This study examined the deleterious effects of a later-arriving sound on the processing of interaural differences of time (IDTs) from a preceding sound. A correlational analysis assessed the relative weight given to IDTs of source and echo clicks for echo delays of 1-64 ms when the echo click was attenuated ...
Miller K A - - 2006
1. We examined the effects of 4 types of environmental enrichment (foraging opportunities, structural complexity, sensory stimulation/novelty, and social companionship) on aggressive and feather pecking, feather condition, food wastage, body weight, feed conversion, and egg production in adult Japanese quail. Sex differences were examined where possible. 2. GLM analysis was ...
Woodward Becky L - - 2006
Feeding behavior, prey type, and habitat appear to be associated with the morphological design of body, fluke, and flippers in baleen whales. Morphometric data from whaling records and recent stranding events were compiled, and morphometric parameters describing the body length, and fluke and flipper dimensions for an "average" blue whale ...
Södersten P - - 2006
It is suggested that the symptoms of anorexia nervosa are physiological responses to starvation. There is no evidence of a neural or non-neural dysfunction that predisposes women for anorexia nervosa and the endocrine and psychological consequences of starvation are reversed once patients have re-learnt how to eat and regained a ...
Kangas Brian D - - 2006
Increases in regulatory oversight of animal research require verification of effects of standard practices. There are no formal guidelines for establishing free-feeding weights in adult pigeons. In the present study, pigeons were obtained from a commercial supplier, weighed upon arrival, and then held in quarantine for 7 days with free ...
Héctor Rojas, Luís Coronado ...
In order to evaluate different proteins sources during the period of growth of crossbred lambs (West African x Bergamasca), of approximately 90 days of born in post weaning stage with an average of weight ±13 kg, grazing Brachiaria humidicola   grass. There was in use a with a factorial arrangement ...
Shojo M - - 2006
Heritabilities of and genetic correlations between additive direct and maternal genetic effects for calf market weight, and additive direct genetic effects for carcass traits, were estimated for Japanese Black cattle by REML procedures under 2-trait animal models. Data were collected from calf and carcass markets in Hyogo and Tottori prefectures ...
Greene Lori F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Observational study designed to determine weight outcomes and associated dietary intake patterns for a sample of participants > or =1 year after completing the University of Alabama at Birmingham EatRight Weight Management Program. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Seventy-four former participants (64% women) completed follow-up visits > or =1 year ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ingested foreign bodies and food bolus impaction are frequently seen in endoscopic practice. Successful foreign body and food bolus removal may depend on the method used, the choice of device, and the experience level of the endoscopist, although few papers report experience and outcome of tertiary centers. AIM: To ...
Chapman Ian McPhee - - 2006
Undernutrition is common in older people and has serious adverse effects. Weight loss and low body weight are key markers. Correctable causes, such as depression, are common and should be sought. Structured efforts to encourage food intake, together with nutritional supplements, often are of benefit. It is hoped that a ...
Herfindal Ivar - - 2006
1. A general problem in population ecology is to predict under which conditions stochastic variation in the environment has the stronger effect on ecological processes. By analysing temporal variation in a fitness-related trait, body mass, in 21 Norwegian moose Alces alces (L.) populations, we examined whether the influence of temporal ...
Solomon Matia B - - 2007
Obesity is a world-wide epidemic, and many factors, including stress, have been linked to this growing trend. After social stress (i.e., defeat), subordinate laboratory rats and most laboratory mice become hypophagic and, subsequently, lose body mass; the opposite is true of subordinate Syrian hamsters. After social defeat, Syrian hamsters become ...
Jiang Jinlong - - 2006
A series of 2-aminoquinoline compounds was prepared and evaluated in MCH1R binding and functional antagonist assays. Small dialkyl, methylalkyl, methylcycloalkyl, and cyclic amines were tolerated at the quinoline 2-position. The in vivo efficacy of compound 12 was explored and compared to that of a related inactive analog to determine their ...
Sivak M - - 2006
Caloric consumption in a society with readily available food is likely to be approximately proportional to the number of hours of being awake. Thus, replacing 1 h of inactive wakefulness (e.g. watching TV), with sleeping is likely to result in a substantial reduction in caloric intake. Calculations are presented to ...
Yom-Tov Yoram - - 2006
Using museum data of adult specimens whose sex, age, and locality are known, we studied temporal and geographical body size trends among the otter, Lutra lutra, in Norway. We found that body size of the otters increased during the last quarter of the twentieth century, and suggest that this trend ...
Gutiérrez Emilio - - 2006
This study examined the effect of ambient temperature (AT) on the relationship between activity and weight loss. Compared with a neutral AT of 21 degrees C, high ATs of 27-29 degrees C produced a slower rate of weight loss in rats given 1.5-hr food access and 22.5-hr running-wheel access in ...
Galbraith Richard A - - 2006
Cobaltic protoporphyrin IX (CoPP) is a synthetic heme analog which can elicit profound and prolonged decreases in appetite and body weight in several different animal species. Intracerebroventricular administration of CoPP in rats was found, by differential display and confirmed by Real-Time PCR, to result in an increase in expression of ...
Obeid Omar A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the hypothesis that increasing postprandial hepatic glycogen synthesis rate would decrease food intake and growth rate in obese Zucker rats. DESIGN: Supplements of glutamine, with and without dihydroxyacetone (DHA), which have previously been shown to stimulate hepatic glycogen synthesis, were administered in the diet of ...
Schneditz D - - 2006
The value of bioimpedance in hemodialysis remains under debate. However, when appropriately used, bioimpedance can provide measures of body hydration characterized by a small error, a high sensitivity to changes in water volume, and, above all, a linear relationship over a wide range of volume changes. These features make it ...
Woods Lori L - - 2006
Maternal glucocorticoids have been postulated to play an important role in prenatal programming for adult hypertension in the offspring. However, we have shown previously that offspring hypertension caused by maternal dexamethasone subcutaneous administration at 100 microg x kg(-1) x day(-1) can be accounted for by the corresponding reduction in food ...
Hao Joy J Department of Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2006
It was previously reported that chronic food restriction and maintenance of rats at 75-80% of initial body weight enhanced the reward-potentiating effect of D-amphetamine in the lateral hypothalamic self-stimulation (LHSS) paradigm. Moreover, the enhancement reversed in parallel with body weight recovery when ad libitum access to food was reinstated. The ...
Frey Isabelle M - - 2006
The peptide transporter PEPT2 mediates cellular uptake of di- and tripeptides driven by an inwardly directed electrochemical proton gradient. In mammals PEPT2 is found in a variety of organs such as kidney, lung, brain, enteric nervous system, and mammary gland. Highest expression levels are observed in renal proximal tubules where ...
Cells are spindle shaped and asymmetric. The cingulum is narrow and excavated and displaced by more than one third of the body length. The apex is pointed. The antapical part of the cell is slightly bilobed. Chloroplasts are absent but food vacuoles are somteimes visible.
Backett-Milburn Kathryn C - - 2006
This paper reports findings from a qualitative study which examined the perceptions and understandings underpinning the dietary practices in families with 'normal' weight and 'overweight' young teenagers living in poorer socio-economic circumstances. Thirty four parents/main food providers of boys and girls aged 13-14 years from socio-economically disadvantaged areas in Eastern ...
Minet-Ringuet Julie - - 2006
Body weight gain is a worrying side effect of many new antipsychotic drugs. The mechanisms by which antipsychotic drugs increase weight in humans are not known. Attempts to model the metabolic effects of antipsychotic drugs in the animal have not been successful. Female rats appear to be sensitive to the ...
Oakes Michael E - - 2006
To what extent are stereotypes concerning the weight-gain potential and perceived hunger satisfaction of food names not congruent with views of the nutrient profiles of those same foods? Respondents rated the same 22 food names and descriptions in terms of weight-gain potential and hunger satisfaction. Half of the 22 snacks ...
Dallmann Robert - - 2006
Biological clocks have evolved in all kinds of organisms in order to anticipate and adjust to the daily light-dark cycle. Within the last decade, the molecular machinery underlying the circadian system was unraveled. In the present study, the impact of the loss of the Per1 or Per2 genes, key components ...
Carels Robert A - - 2006
People are inundated with messages about foods' healthiness/unhealthiness and capacity for weight gain/loss. This study examined how people evaluate foods for 'healthiness/unhealthiness' or 'capacity for weight gain/loss' and whether these evaluations influence 'caloric' estimation accuracy. Fifty-five participants in a behavioral weight loss program rated eight 'healthy' and eight 'unhealthy' foods ...
Wright L - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the effect of eating in a supervised dining room, on nutritional intake and weight, for elderly patients on an acute medicine for the elderly ward. METHOD: Patients on the intervention ward were encouraged to attend a dining room every lunch time by a trained nursing assistant as ...
Bes-Rastrollo Maira - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks has been associated with weight gain and obesity in the United States. This trend may also be affecting populations with different eating patterns who increasingly are adopting typical US dietary patterns. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether the consumption of sweetened drinks and other food items ...
Resgalla C C - - 2006
Physiological studies of the mussel Perna perna in Brazil are almost 30 years behind those of other, more exhaustively investigated species, such as Mytilus edulis. Little is known about the variations in physiological rates due to size and the consequences of maintaining P. perna in laboratory conditions. This work investigated ...
Nicholson Janet R - - 2006
Cachexia affects many different chronically ill patient populations, including those with cancer. It results in loss of body weight, particularly of lean body mass (LBM), and is estimated to be responsible for over 20% of all cancer-related deaths. Currently, available drugs are ineffective, and new therapies are urgently needed. Melanocortin ...
Co┼čkun Sule - - 2006
Tryptophan as a circulating precursor of serotonin (5-HT) may suppress food intake and body weight. Tryptophan administration can enhance the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by inducing oxidative pathway in vivo and in vitro. We have examined the effect of repeated tryptophan administration on food consumption, body weight, brain ...
Laffon Eric - - 2006
Non-invasive methods for quantifying [(18)F]FDG uptake in tumours often require normalization to either body weight or body surface area (BSA), as a surrogate for [(18)F]FDG distribution volume (DV). Whereas three dimensions are involved in DV and weight (assuming that weight is proportional to volume), only two dimensions are obviously involved ...
Coutinho Agnes E - - 2006
To explore the metabolic effects of high volume wheel running in the Syrian golden hamster, 6-week old (YOUNG) and 6-month old (OLD) male animals were randomly divided into sedentary (i.e., YOUNG-S or OLD-S) or running wheel (i.e., YOUNG-RW or OLD-RW) groups (n = 8/group). RW groups had 24-h access to ...
Hida Takayuki - - 2006
Bolus-administered intracerebroventricular (ICV) relaxin-3 has been reported to increase feeding. In this study, to examine the role of relaxin-3 signaling in energy homeostasis, we studied the effects of chronically administered ICV relaxin-3 on body weight gain and locomotor activity in rats. Two groups of animals received vehicle or relaxin-3 at ...
Lorefät B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is reported frequently in patients with Parkinson s disease also early during the disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate food habits and nutrient intake in elderly Parkinson s disease patients compared with matched controls, as well as to compare PD patients with and without weight loss. METHODS: Twenty-six elderly ...
Linde Jennifer A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The study examined correlates of body mass index (BMI) in overweight and obese members of a managed care organization seeking treatment for obesity. It assessed intake of specific foods, dietary fat or fiber, and behaviors attempted to control weight. METHODS: Participants were 508 men and 1293 women who were ...
Bhatnagar S - - 2006
These present studies aimed to compare changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity and body temperature in response to acute social defeat, to repeated social stress and to novel restraint after repeated stress, as well as to assess effects on metabolic parameters by measuring body weight gain and food and water intake. ...
Jewell Dennis E - - 2006
Feeding obese dogs a high-fiber food with or without added conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) resulted in reduced caloric consumption, reduced body weight, and a 3.3% reduction in body fat, whereas feeding a low-fiber food resulted in a comparable increase in caloric consumption and a 2.4% gain in body fat. The ...
Foster Michelle T - - 2006
Overeating and increases in body and fat mass are the most common responses to day-to-day stress in humans, whereas stressed laboratory rats and mice respond oppositely. Group housing of Syrian hamsters increases body mass, adiposity, and food intake, perhaps due to social confrontation-induced stress. In experiment 1 we asked, Does ...
Anthony Joshua C - - 2006
A 90-day oral (gavage) study was conducted in male and female Sprague Dawley rats to investigate the safety of Vivinal galactooligosaccharides (GOS) syrup at 2500 or 5000 mg/kg bw/day. A reference control containing fructooligosaccharides (FOS) was used to match the oligosaccharide and digestible sugars in the test material (approximately 45% ...
Sobocki J - - 2005
The paper reviews recent advances in vagal nerve stimulation for the control of food intake and body weight. The vagal nerves are the predominant pathway in the "brain-gut axis" responsible for short term regulation of food intake. Stimulation of afferent vagal traffic attenuates food intake by vagal projections to nucleus ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >