Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 814
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Priftis Kostas N - - 2007
To evaluate whether dietary habits and anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics are associated with the prevalence of asthma symptoms, a sample of 700 Greek schoolchildren were evaluated through a standardized questionnaire. Body height and weight were measured, and body mass index was calculated. Multiple logistic regression and multivariate techniques (principal components ...
Etilé Fabrice - - 2007
This paper uses French data on ideal body weight and food attitudes to analyse the role of social norms in the individual's weight control problem. A proxy measure of social norms is calculated by averaging individual perceptions of the ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) over all observations within a reference ...
Bodenlos Jamie S - - 2007
Approved for treatment of treatment-resistant depression and for epilepsy, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy involves stimulation of the vagus nerve, affecting both mood and appetite regulating systems. VNS is associated with changes in food intake and weight loss in animals. Studies of its impact on food intake and weight with ...
Chelikani Prasanth K - - 2007
Chronic administration of anorexigenic substances to experimental animals by injections or continuous infusion typically produces no effect or a transient reduction in daily food intake and body weight. Our aim was to identify an intermittent dosing strategy for intraperitoneal infusion of salmon calcitonin (sCT), a homolog of amylin that produces ...
Wang Yue - - 2007
AIM OF STUDY: Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of salivary and lacrimal glands leading to xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Evidence has accumulated suggesting that a Th1/Th2 cytokine imbalance has a role in the pathogenesis of SS. Currently, only palliative treatment is available. Ophiopogon japonicus, ...
Bayol Stéphanie A - - 2007
Obesity is generally associated with high intake of junk foods rich in energy, fat, sugar and salt combined with a dysfunctional control of appetite and lack of exercise. There is some evidence to suggest that appetite and body mass can be influenced by maternal food intake during the fetal and ...
Billes Sonja K - - 2008
Bupropion (BUP) is a dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) reuptake inhibitor that causes mild weight loss in obese adults. Subchronic (7 day) coadministration of selective DA and NE reuptake inhibitors also causes weight loss in mice. Because weight loss was not associated with decreased caloric intake, subchronic BUP might cause ...
Michael Bindhu - - 2007
The Society of Toxicologic Pathology convened a working group to evaluate current practices regarding organ weights in toxicology studies. A survey was distributed to pharmaceutical, veterinary, chemical, food/nutritional and consumer product companies in Europe, North America, and Japan. Responses were compiled to identify organs routinely weighed for various study types ...
Burdock George A - - 2007
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC; CAS No. 9004-65-3) is an odorless and tasteless, white to slightly off-white, fibrous or granular, free-flowing powder that is a synthetic modification of the natural polymer, cellulose. It is used in the food industry as a multipurpose food ingredient. HPMC is approved by FDA as both ...
van Heerden Fanie R - - 2007
Studies conducted at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR, South Africa) identified extracts from Hoodia species, in particular Hoodia pilifera and Hoodia gordonii, as possessing appetite suppressing properties. Two pregnane glycosides were isolated by fractionation of the dried stems of H. gordonii. Their structures were determined as 3beta-[beta-D-thevetopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D- ...
Martin Corby K - - 2007
Intragastric balloons have been used for weight loss with varying success. Widespread use of intragastric balloons has been limited because balloons must be placed in, and removed from, the stomach endoscopically. Development of a balloon that does not require endoscopy suggests that obesity treatment with intragastric balloons is feasible. The ...
Kramer Phillip R - - 2007
Previously we showed that intermittent administration of nicotine (NIC) in the dark phase decreased food intake and body weight and this could be blocked when the NIC receptor antagonist mecamylamine was infused into the fourth ventricle. Catecholaminergic neurons adjacent to the fourth ventricle contain NIC receptors and directly innervate the ...
Carels Robert A - - 2007
This investigation was designed to improve behavioral weight loss program (BWLP) treatment outcomes by providing stepped care (SC) to individuals experiencing difficulties with weight loss during treatment. SC entails transition to more intensive treatments when less intensive treatments fail to meet treatment goals. In a BWLP, motivational interviewing (MI) may ...
Ledikwe Jenny H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dietary energy density (ED) reductions are associated with energy intake (EI) reductions. Little is known about influences on body weight (BW). OBJECTIVES: We examined the effects of behavioral interventions on ED values and explored how 6-mo ED changes relate to BW. DESIGN: Prehypertensive and hypertensive persons were randomly assigned ...
Jethwa Preeti H - - 2007
The Siberian hamster survives winter by decreasing food intake and catabolizing abdominal fat reserves, resulting in a sustained, profound loss of body weight. VGF gene expression is photoperiodically regulated in the hypothalamus with significantly higher expression in lean Siberian hamsters. The aim of this study was to investigate the role ...
Schroeter Christiane - - 2008
We develop a theoretical model to identify conditions under which price and income changes are most likely to change weight. Although it is intuitive that raising the price of high-calorie food will decrease consumption of such goods; it is not clear that such an outcome will actually reduce weight. Our ...
Portugal Steven J - - 2007
Many different physiological changes have been observed in wild waterfowl during the flightless stage of wing moult, including a loss of body mass. We aimed to determine whether captive barnacle geese (Branta leucopsis) would show the characteristic decrease in body mass during their wing moult, even though they had unlimited ...
Williamson Donald A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The Wise Mind pilot study compared the efficacy of an environmental approach for prevention of inappropriate weight gain in children with an active control condition that used an environmental approach for modifying expectancies related to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A total of ...
Smith Milton T - - 2007
The spectrum of gastrointestinal (GI) foreign bodies includes food bolus impaction in the esophagus, nonfood objects that are swallowed, and various objects that may be inserted into the rectum. The risk depends upon the type of object and its location. Fortunately, 80% to 90% of ingested foreign bodies will pass ...
Lagaud Guy J - - 2007
Obestatin was recently described as a bioactive peptide encoded for by the same gene as ghrelin but with opposite actions on food intake. Although some groups have confirmed these findings others find no effect. We investigated the effect of obestatin on feeding in rodents over a wide range of doses. ...
Carels Robert A - - 2007
People frequently place foods into "health" or "diet" categories. This study examined whether (1) evaluations of "healthiness/unhealthiness" influence "caloric" estimation accuracy, (2) people evaluate foods for "healthiness/unhealthiness" or "weight gain/loss" differently, and (3) food evaluations differ by gender, diet status, and weight. Also, undergraduate dieters attempting to lose weight on ...
Bugajski A J - - 2007
Regulation of food intake and body weight is accomplished by several mechanisms. CNS receives information from periphery and modifies food intake mainly by vagal nerves that provide the major neuroanatomical link between gastrointestinal sites stimulated during food intake and CNS sites that control feeding behavior and metabolism. Gastric mechanoreceptors and ...
Peterson Jana - - 2007
The study is focused on creating an anthropometric model that would enable to associate the body build peculiarities with nutritional variables. Thirty-six body measurements and 12 skinfolds were measured on 131 17-23-year-old female students of the University of Tartu, and 12 body composition characteristics were calculated. The subjects had to ...
Roberts Andrew T - - 2007
The objective of this study was to test the safety and efficacy of NT, a dietary herbal supplement made from rhubarb, ginger, astragulus, red sage, and turmeric, combined with gallic acid (GA) to reduce food intake and cause weight loss. A total of 105 healthy subjects, 18-60 years old with ...
Bonomo Isabela Teixeira - - 2007
Maternal malnutrition during lactation reduces prolactin (PRL) and milk production, alters milk composition, and programs the body weight of the offspring. Our study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of maternal hypoprolactinemia at the end of lactation on food ingestion, body weight, amount of retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (RPWAT), leptinemia, ...
Mahdavi B - - 2007
In four grasspea varieties include ardabil, sharekord, mashhad and zanjan, the effects of different salinity concentrations on seed germination percent, proline concentration, malondialdehyde (MDA), germination index, radicle and hypocotyl length and weight were studied. Result showed that salinity had significant effects on seed germination percentage and germination index. The most ...
Harrington W Wallace - - 2007
Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha, delta, and gamma subtypes increases expression of genes involved in fatty acid transport and oxidation and alters adiposity in animal models of obesity and type-2 diabetes. PPARpan agonists which activate all three receptor subtypes have antidiabetic activity in animal models without the weight ...
Suslova K G - - 2007
Results of the long-term autopsy studies on plutonium body burden in the population of Ozyorsk situated in the vicinity of the radiochemical plant of the Mayak Production Association (Russia) have been presented. The data were obtained from radiochemical analysis of the soft tissue and bone samples collected at the autopsy ...
Webber Bruce L - - 2007
Plant food bodies are rarely observed in the field, because of continual harvesting, and are often first documented on isolated glasshouse plants. Little is known about the genus Ryparosa (Achariaceae), and the appearance of outgrowths on leaves and stems of glasshouse-raised R. kurrangii seedlings suggested that the species may produce ...
Slater Gary J - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of different nutritional recovery strategies between weigh-in and racing on 2000-m rowing ergometer performance among oarsmen undertaking short-term weight loss before competition. METHODS: Competitive rowers (N = 12) completed four ergometer trials, each separated by 48 h. No ...
Pantos C - - 2007
It has been previously reported that thyroid hormone receptor alpha1 (TRalpha1) is involved in the regulation of food intake and heart rhythm. Herein, we show that pharmacological inhibition of TRalpha1 by dronedarone, an amiodarone like compound (shown to antagonize thyroid hormone binding to TRalpha1), prevented the thyroid hormone induced increase ...
Engqvist Leif - - 2007
Development time and body mass at maturation are two important fitness traits fundamental for our understanding of life history theory. Generally, fast development is associated with small adult body mass, as it will take longer to grow large. However, the strength of this trade-off may depend on average food availability, ...
Tamura Bruce K - - 2007
Weight loss occurs frequently in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). This article will review why weight loss is so important in AD patients and what the ramifications are. This includes not only the negative effects of weight loss but possible benefits of weight gain. There is some evidence that weight ...
van Strien Tatjana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether dieting--restriction of food intake for the purpose of weight control--suppresses or promotes excessive food intake and weight gain. DESIGN: A 4-year follow-up study of a dietary intervention in a sample of 97 patients with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight gain, change in ...
Kim Jung-Hyun - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the recognition of body image and food behavior factors according to the BMI. The subjects of this study were 242 7th grade students resided in San Francisco area. The degree of recognition for self-estimated physique of subjects by gender and by race ...
Jenks Rebecca A - - 2007
Many young women report smoking due to weight concerns, but little is known about the relationship between weight concerns and current smoking behavior. The present study examined smoking topography and the acute sensory and physiological responses to smoking in dieting and non-dieting young women. In addition, the effect of presentation ...
Mirshamsi Shirin - - 2007
A number of hormones, including leptin, have been shown to inhibit food intake in humans and animals. Analogues of 3-guanidinopropionic acid have also been found to reduce total food intake, but their mechanisms of action have not been well studied. The present study investigated the effects of intracerebroventricular infusion of ...
Yu Shih-Fing - - 2006
The young sticks and leaves of Sauropus androgynus (SA) that had been used as a health food for body weight reduction, led to an outbreak of obliterative bronchiolitis in Taiwan. This study tested the toxicity and anti-obesity features of the SA-isolated compound, 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucosyl-kaempferol (GGK), on male Wistar rats receiving 6 ...
Malmlöf Kjell - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the metabolic effects of a specific histamine H(3) receptor antagonist, the cinnamic amide NNC 0038-0000-1202 (NNC 38-1202). RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Effects of NNC 38-1202 on paraventricular levels of histamine and acute effects on food intake were followed in normal ...
Dye Raymond H RH - - 2006
This study examined the deleterious effects of a later-arriving sound on the processing of interaural differences of time (IDTs) from a preceding sound. A correlational analysis assessed the relative weight given to IDTs of source and echo clicks for echo delays of 1-64 ms when the echo click was attenuated ...
Miller K A - - 2006
1. We examined the effects of 4 types of environmental enrichment (foraging opportunities, structural complexity, sensory stimulation/novelty, and social companionship) on aggressive and feather pecking, feather condition, food wastage, body weight, feed conversion, and egg production in adult Japanese quail. Sex differences were examined where possible. 2. GLM analysis was ...
Woodward Becky L - - 2006
Feeding behavior, prey type, and habitat appear to be associated with the morphological design of body, fluke, and flippers in baleen whales. Morphometric data from whaling records and recent stranding events were compiled, and morphometric parameters describing the body length, and fluke and flipper dimensions for an "average" blue whale ...
Södersten P - - 2006
It is suggested that the symptoms of anorexia nervosa are physiological responses to starvation. There is no evidence of a neural or non-neural dysfunction that predisposes women for anorexia nervosa and the endocrine and psychological consequences of starvation are reversed once patients have re-learnt how to eat and regained a ...
Kangas Brian D - - 2006
Increases in regulatory oversight of animal research require verification of effects of standard practices. There are no formal guidelines for establishing free-feeding weights in adult pigeons. In the present study, pigeons were obtained from a commercial supplier, weighed upon arrival, and then held in quarantine for 7 days with free ...
Héctor Rojas, Luís Coronado ...
In order to evaluate different proteins sources during the period of growth of crossbred lambs (West African x Bergamasca), of approximately 90 days of born in post weaning stage with an average of weight ±13 kg, grazing Brachiaria humidicola   grass. There was in use a with a factorial arrangement ...
Shojo M - - 2006
Heritabilities of and genetic correlations between additive direct and maternal genetic effects for calf market weight, and additive direct genetic effects for carcass traits, were estimated for Japanese Black cattle by REML procedures under 2-trait animal models. Data were collected from calf and carcass markets in Hyogo and Tottori prefectures ...
Greene Lori F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Observational study designed to determine weight outcomes and associated dietary intake patterns for a sample of participants > or =1 year after completing the University of Alabama at Birmingham EatRight Weight Management Program. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Seventy-four former participants (64% women) completed follow-up visits > or =1 year ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ingested foreign bodies and food bolus impaction are frequently seen in endoscopic practice. Successful foreign body and food bolus removal may depend on the method used, the choice of device, and the experience level of the endoscopist, although few papers report experience and outcome of tertiary centers. AIM: To ...
Chapman Ian McPhee - - 2006
Undernutrition is common in older people and has serious adverse effects. Weight loss and low body weight are key markers. Correctable causes, such as depression, are common and should be sought. Structured efforts to encourage food intake, together with nutritional supplements, often are of benefit. It is hoped that a ...
Herfindal Ivar - - 2006
1. A general problem in population ecology is to predict under which conditions stochastic variation in the environment has the stronger effect on ecological processes. By analysing temporal variation in a fitness-related trait, body mass, in 21 Norwegian moose Alces alces (L.) populations, we examined whether the influence of temporal ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >