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Ng Michael F Y - - 2010
Systemic diseases are intrinsic factors that alter and may impair the wound healing process. Cachexia is a manifestation of systemic, often chronic, diseases and is characterised by systemic inflammation, appetite suppression and skeletal muscle wasting. Anorexia in cachectic states is commonly associated with malnutrition. Malnutrition may cause impaired healing. Therefore, ...
Carnevale G - - 2010
At present Griffonia simplicifolia is used in food supplement aimed to treat mood disorders as well as to reduce food intake and body weight. The plant has gained increasing interest for its high content in 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan (5-HTP) particularly in the seed. The present study was designed to evaluate the influence ...
Knight Elysse M - - 2012
A common feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is weight loss, even though there is often an increase in food intake in AD patients. The reasons for this weight loss are unknown, but may be due to increased energy expenditure (metabolic rate) or a reduction in energy intake. This was investigated ...
Strassburg Sabine - - 2010
Oleoyl-estrone (OE) has been presented as a potential antiobesity therapeutic, but the published series of studies from one laboratory has not yet been independently confirmed, and the exact mechanism of action is unknown. Based on the hypothesis that OE has potential for the treatment of obesity, male and female rats ...
Patel Sunit M - - 2010
The effects of daily administration of physiological saline of baclofen (1 and 4mg/kg, i.p.) for 27 days were investigated on food intake and body weight in non-deprived rats in Experiment 1. Baclofen (1 and 4mg/kg) significantly increased daily short-term food intake when measured at 30min (F((2,15))=11.011, P<0.01) and 90min (F((2,15))=7.3801, ...
Asakawa Akihiro - - 2010
Cancer cachexia is reported to be a major cause of cancer-related death. Since the pathogenesis is not entirely understood, only few effective therapies have been established. Since myriad tumors produce parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), plasma concentrations of PTHrP are increased in cancer cachexia. We measured the food intake, gastric emptying, ...
Thow Anne Marie - - 2010
To assess the effect of food taxes and subsidies on diet, body weight and health through a systematic review of the literature. We searched the English-language published and grey literature for empirical and modelling studies on the effects of monetary subsidies or taxes levied on specific food products on consumption ...
Burton Paul R - - 2011
Follow-up is critical to the success of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Few data guide this and expected norms of satiety, adverse symptoms, and outcomes have not been defined. Consecutive patients, who underwent LAGB, were evaluated using a newly developed instrument that assessed satiety, adverse upper gastrointestinal (dysphagia, reflux, and ...
Abraham Klaus - - 2010
Coumarin is a secondary phytochemical with hepatotoxic and carcinogenic properties. For the carcinogenic effect, a genotoxic mechanism was considered possible, but was discounted by the European Food Safety Authority in 2004 based on new evidence. This allowed the derivation of a tolerable daily intake (TDI) for the first time, and ...
Stice Eric E Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Blvd., Eugene, OR 97403, USA. - - 2010
To determine whether responsivity of reward circuitry to food predicts future increases in body mass and whether polymorphisms in DRD2 and DRD4 moderate these relations. The functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigm investigated blood oxygen level dependent activation in response to imagined intake of palatable foods, unpalatable foods, and glasses ...
Long R T - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Oxyntomodulin (OXM) is a gut hormone released from intestinal L cell. Synthetic OXM and its analog reduce food intake and body weight in both rodents and human beings by being administered intravenously. However, people find intravenous administration difficult because of its side effects and inconvenience. The aim of this ...
Tafazoli Shahrzad - - 2010
A recombinant amylomaltase, MQ-01, obtained by cultivation of Bacillus subtilis expressing the amylomaltase gene from Thermus aquaticus is to be used in the production of enzymatically-synthesized glycogen; which is intended for use as a food ingredient. In order to establish the safety of MQ-01, the enzyme was subjected to standard ...
Lindvall Kristina - - 2010
Overweight and obesity are considerable public health problems internationally as well as in Sweden. The long-term results of obesity treatment are modest as reported by other studies. The importance of extending the focus to not only comprise obesity treatment but also prevention of weight gain is therefore being emphasized. However, ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2010
Few studies, if any, have examined the impact of a weight control program on the home food environment in a diverse sample of adults. Understanding and changing the availability of certain foods in the home and food storage practices may be important for creating healthier home food environments and supporting ...
McDonald Roger B - - 2010
The results of extensive human and animal studies suggest that declining food intake and body weight observed in the later stages of life may be part of the normal progression of physiological decline observed during aging. Proposed etiologies cover a wide range of biological and psychological conditions. Studies in humans ...
Gary-Webb Tiffany L - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that neighborhood factors are associated with obesity, but few studies have evaluated the association with weight control behaviors. This study aims to conduct a multi-level analysis to examine the relationship between neighborhood SES and weight-related health behaviors. In this ancillary study to Look AHEAD (Action for ...
Cline Mark A - - 2010
Chicks that have undergone long-term selection for low body weight responded to intracerebroventricular amylin injection with reduced food intake at a dose considerably lower and with a greater magnitude suppression than those selected for high body weight. Behaviors unrelated to ingestion were not affected. These data support the thesis of ...
Schroder Kerstin E E - - 2010
Fruit and vegetable consumption is an important part of a healthy diet and assumed to aid in the reduction of energy intake and body weight. Fruits and vegetables may display differential effects on weight and weight loss; however, the effects of the two food groups have rarely been investigated separately. ...
Chu Kit-Man - - 2010
Pungent transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV1) channel activators have been shown to have broad inhibitory anti-emetic activity against centrally- and peripherally acting challenges but only at doses that have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and on temperature homeostasis. In the present studies, we investigated the anti-emetic potential of the ...
Lapointe A - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of two dietary approaches on changes in dietary intakes and body weight: (1) an approach emphasizing nonrestrictive messages directed toward the inclusion of fruits and vegetables (HIFV) and (2) another approach using restrictive messages to limit high-fat foods (LOFAT). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 68 overweight-obese ...
Landete-Castillejos Tom?s - - 2010
Social rank in cervids and other mammals is not entirely predicted by body weight, but in most cases influences access to food directly. Milk provisioning depends on maternal weight and on daily food intake. Usually, body weight, body condition, age and social rank are inter-correlated making it very difficult to ...
Carlsson M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Constipation and body weight loss are prevalent among old people. Treatment with different species of lactic acid bacteria has been suggested for various forms of gastrointestinal disorders. OBJECTIVE, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: This pilot study was performed to assess the feasibility of administering and consuming a drinkable yoghurt containing Lactobacillus ...
Wu Xiaojun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Systemic sympathetic stimulation with caffeine and ephedrine increased metabolic rate, reduced food intake, and improved body composition but had systemic adverse events. We hypothesize that selective sympathetic stimulation of the upper gastrointestinal tract will preserve the advantages of systemic sympathetic stimulation without its adverse events. This study evaluated the ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the nutritional intake and gestational weight gain of pregnant women and the relationship between nutritional intake, gestational weight gain, and neonatal birth weight. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out in three districts of Songkhla Province in southern Thailand. Nutritional intakes were calculated based on a ...
Tanaka Chie - - 2009
Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) family peptides have an important role in the control of food intake. We investigated the effects of CRF family peptides on food intake and body weight gain in mice. Of the CRF family peptides, including CRF, urocortin1 (Ucn1), urocortin2 (Ucn2) and urocortin3 (Ucn3), peripherally administered Ucn1 ...
Boonsupthip Waraporn - - 2009
In the design of food freezing process, food property parameters, initial freezing temperature (T(Fi)), and frozen water fraction (X(I)) are required. The predictive approaches of these 2 parameters have been developed based on mass fractions and molecular weights of specific food components such as proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and acids/bases. In ...
Varady Krista A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The ability of modified alternate-day fasting (ADF; ie, consuming 25% of energy needs on the fast day and ad libitum food intake on the following day) to facilitate weight loss and lower vascular disease risk in obese individuals remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of ADF that ...
Zhang Weizhen - - 2009
Ghrelin is a 28-amino-acid hormone derived from the endoproteolytic processing of its prehormone proghrelin. Although ghrelin has been reported to regulate food intake and body weight, it is still unknown whether proghrelin exercises any biological function. Here we show that recombinant proghrelin alters food intake and energy metabolism in mice. ...
Rasmussen Erin B - - 2010
This study describes delay and probability discounting patterns for hypothetical food and money in relation to percent body fat (PBF). Sixty university students completed four computerized discounting tasks in which they were asked to make a series of hypothetical decisions between (a) 10 dollars after one of several different delays ...
Vincent H K - - 2010
Phytochemicals are bioactive nutrients that help reduce disease risk. A high intake of these compounds is important for optimal health and prevention of disease, but quantification of these nutrients in vivo is costly and time consuming. The present examined whether an alternative, simple 'phytochemical index' (PI) ratio calculation (PI = ...
Arble Deanna M - - 2009
Studies of body weight regulation have focused almost entirely on caloric intake and energy expenditure. However, a number of recent studies in animals linking energy regulation and the circadian clock at the molecular, physiological, and behavioral levels raise the possibility that the timing of food intake itself may play a ...
Garc?a-C?ceres Cristina - - 2010
Food intake and weight gain are known to be affected by stress. However, the type and duration of the stress may have variable effects, with males and females responding differently. We report the short-term and long-term effects of prenatal and adult immobilization stress, as well as the combination of these ...
Bauchinger Ulf - - 2009
Almost all of the internal organs of migrating birds undergo pronounced mass changes, but the digestive tract changes most and fastest. The masses of the small intestine and the liver may be reduced by as much as 50% during migratory flight, indicating extreme phenotypic flexibility. Birds must rebuild these organs ...
Lakdawalla Darius - - 2009
This paper presents a dynamic theory of body weight and develops its implications. We argue that technological change has induced weight growth by making home- and market-production more sedentary and by lowering food prices through agricultural innovation. In addition, we illustrate that, while exercise and food intake are complements, reductions ...
Butera Peter C - - 2010
Gonadal steroids are among the many factors that influence food intake and body weight in mammals. Hormonal effects on these processes are particularly striking in female rats, which show large increases in food intake and body weight after ovariectomy. A key role of estradiol in the control of food intake ...
Hill Claire - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food, defined as how hard an individual is prepared to work to gain access to food rather than a nonfood alternative, has been shown to be higher in obese adults and children than in their normal-weight counterparts. However, these cross-sectional studies are unable ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2009
Objectives. To assess the nutritional intake and gestational weight gain of pregnant women and the relationship between nutritional intake, gestational weight gain, and neonatal birth weight. Methods. A prospective cohort study was carried out in three districts of Songkhla Province in southern Thailand. Nutritional intakes were calculated based on a ...
Choi S S H - - 2009
1,4-alpha-Glucan branching enzyme (BE; EC 2.4.1.18) is a key biocatalyst in the synthesis of polysaccharides, and is therefore useful in the production of food ingredients. The BEs evaluated in this study (BE-01 and BE-02) are obtained by fermentation of Bacillus subtilis expressing the BE gene from either Bacillus stearothermophilus strain ...
Zagorsky Jay L - - 2009
Obesity poses substantial costs both to the individual and society, mainly through its impact on health and labor productivity. Because obesity is more prevalent among the poor some have raised concerns that food assistance programs may encourage excess weight. This paper investigates whether the U.S. Food Stamp Program contributes to ...
Smith Evelyn - - 2009
The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of attentional training towards shape, weight and food related information on body dissatisfaction and dietary restriction. A total of 98 female participants were trained to attend to negative shape/weight words, positive shape/weight words, negative (high calorie) food words, positive ...
Osunde, ZD; ; zinashdo@yahoo.com
Yam is one of the preferred staple foods in West Africa. The annual vegetative cycle of yam necessitates a long period of storage to make it available all year round. The major problems in yam tuber storage are sprouting, respiration and transpiration, which cause weight and quality losses. In this ...
Pollock K - - 2010
The Julia Creek dunnart (Sminthopsis douglasi) is an endangered carnivorous marsupial belonging to the family Dasyuridae. This study investigated the oestrous cycle of this species in terms of its reproductive physiology and behaviour to explore more efficient methods of oestrus detection. Ten sexually mature captive female dunnarts were monitored daily ...
Rubin Beverly S BS Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, United States. - - 2009
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate and other plastics including resins that line food and beverage containers. BPA is known to leach from products in contact with food and drink, and is therefore thought to be routinely ingested. In a recent cross sectional study, BPA was detected in ...
Behre, ET; ;
Two experiments were conducted to determine the response in performance, including uniformity and mortality, of two broiler strains to dietary protein content. In Experiment 1, 480 Cobb 500 and 480 Ross 788 day-old sexed broiler chickens were housed in cages to 21 d with 10 chickens per cage, and in ...
Li Fuzhong - - 2009
This study examined neighborhood built environment characteristics (fast-food restaurant density, walkability) and individual eating-out and physical activity behaviors in relation to 1-year change in body weight among adults 50-75 years of age at baseline. The authors surveyed 1,145 residents recruited from 120 neighborhoods in Portland, Oregon. During the 1-year follow-up ...
Bahwere Paluku - - 2009
A prospective descriptive study to assess acceptability and effectiveness of a locally made ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) in HIV-infected chronically sick adults (CSA) with mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) <210 mm or pitting edema. Sixty-three wasted AIDS adults were prescribed 500 g representing ~2600 kcal/day of locally made RUTF for three months ...
Furukawa Akihiro - - 2009
In our exploratory campaign for an antihyperglycemic agent with a novel mechanism of action, (-)-Cercosporamide 1, which is known as an antifungal agent, showed a potent plasma glucose lowering effect in hyperglycemic KK/Ta mice. The trouble was that it was accompanied by a decrease in food intake and a loss ...
Verty Aaron N A - - 2009
The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist rimonabant (SR 141716) produces a sustained decrease in body weight on a background of a transient reduction in food intake. An increase in energy expenditure has been implicated, possibly mediated via peripheral endocannabinoid system; however, the role of the central endocannabinoid system is unclear. The ...
Barboza Perry S - - 2008
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) and caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti) use body stores (capital) and food intake (income) for survival and reproduction. Intakes of low-nitrogen (N) food declined in winter and increased in spring (51-83 g dry matter kg(-0.75) d(-1)). Reindeer calved before regaining food intake, whereas caribou calved 28 d ...
Gutierrez Emilio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Activity-based anorexia (ABA) provides an animal model of anorexia nervosa (AN). In this model, rats given restricted access to food but unrestricted access to activity wheels, run excessively while reducing food intake, lose a sizeable percentage of body weight, become hypothermic, and can fail to recover unless removed from ...
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