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Matsumoto Hiroshi - - 2011
We conducted a pilot study to assess the effects of dietary intervention on metabolic risk factors and renal parameters in obese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We studied 19 obese patients with CKD at our outpatient clinic. The diet selected for this study restricted only their staple food intake, ...
Lattimore Paul - - 2010
Breakfast has psychological and nutritional benefits due to physiological mechanisms and expectations about health impact. Beliefs people hold about calories in food can adversely affect mood and body-image satisfaction and such adverse reactions can be predicted by body mass index. The objectives were to test the effect of consuming isocaloric ...
Chelikani Prasanth K - - 2010
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is one of the most effective treatments for obesity producing long-term weight loss. The anorexia and weight loss from RYGB could be due to gastric restriction, malabsorption, enhanced lower gut stimulation, increased energy expenditure, and/or other metabolic adaptations. In ileal transposition (IT) surgery, a segment ...
Schwinkendorf D R - - 2011
Objective:To investigate the differential effects of acute central administration of distinct fatty acids (FA) on food intake, body weight and energy metabolism.Design:Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with bolus intracerebroventricular injections of control hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPB) or HPB complexed with 30 nmol of saturated palmitic acid (PA), monounsaturated oleic acid (OA) or polyunsaturated ...
Perry Jonathan M G - - 2010
Little is known about ingested food size (V(b)) in primates, even though this variable has potentially important effects on food intake and processing. This study provides the first data on V(b) in strepsirrhine primates using a captive sample of 17 species. These data can be used for generating and testing ...
Samli H E - - 2010
1. The experiment was to study the effects of floor type and probiotic supplementation (Enterococcus faecium) on performance, morphology of erythrocytes and intestinal microbiota of male Ross 308 broiler chickens. 2. The experimental design was a factorial 2 × 2 with 6 replicates. The factors were floor type (wire floor ...
Schoenherr William D - - 2010
To evaluate cartilage and bone biomarkers and body composition in growing large-breed dogs consuming a diet designed for growth. 43 large-breed 2 month-old-puppies. Dogs were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 2 foods until 18 months of age. Dogs were evaluated at 2, 5, 12, and 18 months of age ...
Singh Azara Sneha AS Departments of Gastrointestinal Sciences and Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore TN 632004, - - 2010
To evaluate the effectiveness of a locally made ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) in decreasing mild to moderate malnutrition. A randomized open label, controlled trial. Pre-schools run by the Department of Community Health in Kaniyambadi administrative block, Vellore, India; duration of follow-up 3 months from the date of recruitment. Pupils aged ...
Garami András - - 2010
Capsaicin-sensitive abdominal vagal fibers contribute to postprandial satiety and hypermetabolism. We hypothesized that the hypometabolic adaptation to fasting involves similar mechanisms and that blockade of such signals might enhance loss of body weight upon fasting. A low dosage of capsaicin (5mg/kg) administered intraperitoneally desensitizes the local afferent vagal nerve endings ...
Ritz Julia - - 2010
The growth and weight development of Leopard tortoise hatchings (Geochelone pardalis) kept at the Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP), Qatar, was observed for more than four years, and compared to data in literature for free-ranging animals on body weight or carapace measurements. The results document a distinctively faster growth in ...
Nederkoorn Chantal C Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands. - - 2010
Previous research showed a strong relation between response inhibition, overeating and overweight. It was shown that people with ineffective response inhibition are more susceptible to the temptations of palatable food, eat more and are more often overweight or obese. In addition the results of several studies suggest that what needs ...
Reidelberger Roger D - - 2011
Significant weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) in obese humans correlates with enhanced secretion of anorexigenic gut hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)). Our aim here was to identify a dosing strategy for intraperitoneal (IP) infusion of GLP-1 homologue exendin-4 alone and with PYY(3-36) that produces ...
Benoit Stephen C SC Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA. - - 2010
While much has been elucidated about the hypothalamic controls of energy balance, the epidemic of obesity continues to escalate. Recent work has suggested that extra-hypothalamic central nervous system structures may play a previously un-appreciated role in the control of ingestive behavior and body weight regulation. Because animals can and do ...
Phelan Suzanne - - 2011
Much attention has been paid to the behavioral characteristics of successful weight loss maintenance, but less is known about the cognitive processes that underlie this process. The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitive interference from food-related cues in long-term weight loss maintainers (WLM; N = 15) as compared ...
Hart Chantelle N - - 2010
To determine whether baseline intake or initial changes in intake of fruits (F), vegetables (V), snack foods (SF), and reduced-calorie snack foods (RCSF) during standard behavioral weight loss treatment predict BMI reductions among overweight adolescents. Given conflicting messages between child and adult weight loss interventions, the role of RCSF in ...
Jeon T Y - - 2010
No prospective study on the long-term effects of gastric resection on gastrointestinal hormonal changes in patients with normal body weight has been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 1-year effect of subtotal gastrectomy on ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY)(3-36) levels. Eighteen patients with early gastric cancer ...
Horii Yuko - - 2010
Eucommia ulmoides Oliver leaf extracts (ELE) have been shown to exert a hypolipidemic effect in hamsters. Therefore, it was hypothesized that ELE might affect lipid metabolism via changes in autonomic nerve activities and causes changes in thermogenesis and body weight. We examined this hypothesis, and found that intraduodenal (ID) injection ...
Cappendijk S L T - - 2010
Nicotine improves cognitive enhancement and there are indications that neurodegenerative (age-related) cognitive disorders could be treated with nicotine-based drugs. The zebra finch is a well-recognized model to study cognitive functioning; hence this model could be used to study the effects of nicotine in neurodegenerative cognitive disorders. However, nicotine's in vivo ...
Wang Sheng - - 2010
The insect steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) acts through a specific nuclear receptor complex, ecdysone receptor (EcR) and ultraspiracle (USP). EcR and USP are FXR/LXR and RXR orthologs, respectively, which play critical roles in the regulation of lipid metabolism in mammals. Lipid concentration in Bombyx hemolymph and lipase activity in fat ...
Shi Zumin - - 2010
Animal studies and one large cross-sectional study of 752 healthy Chinese men and women suggest that monosodium glutamate (MSG) may be associated with overweight/obesity, and these findings raise public concern over the use of MSG as a flavour enhancer in many commercial foods. The aim of this analysis was to ...
Olson David P DP Division of Endocrinology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Deletion of acetyl CoA carboxylase-2 (Acc2) reportedly causes leanness in the setting of hyperphagia. To determine the cellular basis for these effects, we generated a mouse model in which Acc2 can be selectively deleted by the action of Cre recombinase. Deletion of Acc2 from skeletal muscle, the predominant site of ...
Ng Michael F Y - - 2010
Systemic diseases are intrinsic factors that alter and may impair the wound healing process. Cachexia is a manifestation of systemic, often chronic, diseases and is characterised by systemic inflammation, appetite suppression and skeletal muscle wasting. Anorexia in cachectic states is commonly associated with malnutrition. Malnutrition may cause impaired healing. Therefore, ...
Carnevale G - - 2010
At present Griffonia simplicifolia is used in food supplement aimed to treat mood disorders as well as to reduce food intake and body weight. The plant has gained increasing interest for its high content in 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan (5-HTP) particularly in the seed. The present study was designed to evaluate the influence ...
Knight Elysse M - - 2012
A common feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is weight loss, even though there is often an increase in food intake in AD patients. The reasons for this weight loss are unknown, but may be due to increased energy expenditure (metabolic rate) or a reduction in energy intake. This was investigated ...
Strassburg Sabine - - 2010
Oleoyl-estrone (OE) has been presented as a potential antiobesity therapeutic, but the published series of studies from one laboratory has not yet been independently confirmed, and the exact mechanism of action is unknown. Based on the hypothesis that OE has potential for the treatment of obesity, male and female rats ...
Patel Sunit M - - 2010
The effects of daily administration of physiological saline of baclofen (1 and 4mg/kg, i.p.) for 27 days were investigated on food intake and body weight in non-deprived rats in Experiment 1. Baclofen (1 and 4mg/kg) significantly increased daily short-term food intake when measured at 30min (F((2,15))=11.011, P<0.01) and 90min (F((2,15))=7.3801, ...
Asakawa Akihiro - - 2010
Cancer cachexia is reported to be a major cause of cancer-related death. Since the pathogenesis is not entirely understood, only few effective therapies have been established. Since myriad tumors produce parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), plasma concentrations of PTHrP are increased in cancer cachexia. We measured the food intake, gastric emptying, ...
Thow Anne Marie - - 2010
To assess the effect of food taxes and subsidies on diet, body weight and health through a systematic review of the literature. We searched the English-language published and grey literature for empirical and modelling studies on the effects of monetary subsidies or taxes levied on specific food products on consumption ...
Burton Paul R - - 2011
Follow-up is critical to the success of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Few data guide this and expected norms of satiety, adverse symptoms, and outcomes have not been defined. Consecutive patients, who underwent LAGB, were evaluated using a newly developed instrument that assessed satiety, adverse upper gastrointestinal (dysphagia, reflux, and ...
Abraham Klaus - - 2010
Coumarin is a secondary phytochemical with hepatotoxic and carcinogenic properties. For the carcinogenic effect, a genotoxic mechanism was considered possible, but was discounted by the European Food Safety Authority in 2004 based on new evidence. This allowed the derivation of a tolerable daily intake (TDI) for the first time, and ...
Stice Eric E Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Blvd., Eugene, OR 97403, USA. - - 2010
To determine whether responsivity of reward circuitry to food predicts future increases in body mass and whether polymorphisms in DRD2 and DRD4 moderate these relations. The functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigm investigated blood oxygen level dependent activation in response to imagined intake of palatable foods, unpalatable foods, and glasses ...
Long R T - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Oxyntomodulin (OXM) is a gut hormone released from intestinal L cell. Synthetic OXM and its analog reduce food intake and body weight in both rodents and human beings by being administered intravenously. However, people find intravenous administration difficult because of its side effects and inconvenience. The aim of this ...
Tafazoli Shahrzad - - 2010
A recombinant amylomaltase, MQ-01, obtained by cultivation of Bacillus subtilis expressing the amylomaltase gene from Thermus aquaticus is to be used in the production of enzymatically-synthesized glycogen; which is intended for use as a food ingredient. In order to establish the safety of MQ-01, the enzyme was subjected to standard ...
Lindvall Kristina - - 2010
Overweight and obesity are considerable public health problems internationally as well as in Sweden. The long-term results of obesity treatment are modest as reported by other studies. The importance of extending the focus to not only comprise obesity treatment but also prevention of weight gain is therefore being emphasized. However, ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2010
Few studies, if any, have examined the impact of a weight control program on the home food environment in a diverse sample of adults. Understanding and changing the availability of certain foods in the home and food storage practices may be important for creating healthier home food environments and supporting ...
McDonald Roger B - - 2010
The results of extensive human and animal studies suggest that declining food intake and body weight observed in the later stages of life may be part of the normal progression of physiological decline observed during aging. Proposed etiologies cover a wide range of biological and psychological conditions. Studies in humans ...
Gary-Webb Tiffany L - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that neighborhood factors are associated with obesity, but few studies have evaluated the association with weight control behaviors. This study aims to conduct a multi-level analysis to examine the relationship between neighborhood SES and weight-related health behaviors. In this ancillary study to Look AHEAD (Action for ...
Cline Mark A - - 2010
Chicks that have undergone long-term selection for low body weight responded to intracerebroventricular amylin injection with reduced food intake at a dose considerably lower and with a greater magnitude suppression than those selected for high body weight. Behaviors unrelated to ingestion were not affected. These data support the thesis of ...
Schroder Kerstin E E - - 2010
Fruit and vegetable consumption is an important part of a healthy diet and assumed to aid in the reduction of energy intake and body weight. Fruits and vegetables may display differential effects on weight and weight loss; however, the effects of the two food groups have rarely been investigated separately. ...
Chu Kit-Man - - 2010
Pungent transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV1) channel activators have been shown to have broad inhibitory anti-emetic activity against centrally- and peripherally acting challenges but only at doses that have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and on temperature homeostasis. In the present studies, we investigated the anti-emetic potential of the ...
Lapointe A - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of two dietary approaches on changes in dietary intakes and body weight: (1) an approach emphasizing nonrestrictive messages directed toward the inclusion of fruits and vegetables (HIFV) and (2) another approach using restrictive messages to limit high-fat foods (LOFAT). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 68 overweight-obese ...
Landete-Castillejos Tom?s - - 2010
Social rank in cervids and other mammals is not entirely predicted by body weight, but in most cases influences access to food directly. Milk provisioning depends on maternal weight and on daily food intake. Usually, body weight, body condition, age and social rank are inter-correlated making it very difficult to ...
Carlsson M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Constipation and body weight loss are prevalent among old people. Treatment with different species of lactic acid bacteria has been suggested for various forms of gastrointestinal disorders. OBJECTIVE, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: This pilot study was performed to assess the feasibility of administering and consuming a drinkable yoghurt containing Lactobacillus ...
Wu Xiaojun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Systemic sympathetic stimulation with caffeine and ephedrine increased metabolic rate, reduced food intake, and improved body composition but had systemic adverse events. We hypothesize that selective sympathetic stimulation of the upper gastrointestinal tract will preserve the advantages of systemic sympathetic stimulation without its adverse events. This study evaluated the ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the nutritional intake and gestational weight gain of pregnant women and the relationship between nutritional intake, gestational weight gain, and neonatal birth weight. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out in three districts of Songkhla Province in southern Thailand. Nutritional intakes were calculated based on a ...
Tanaka Chie - - 2009
Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) family peptides have an important role in the control of food intake. We investigated the effects of CRF family peptides on food intake and body weight gain in mice. Of the CRF family peptides, including CRF, urocortin1 (Ucn1), urocortin2 (Ucn2) and urocortin3 (Ucn3), peripherally administered Ucn1 ...
Boonsupthip Waraporn - - 2009
In the design of food freezing process, food property parameters, initial freezing temperature (T(Fi)), and frozen water fraction (X(I)) are required. The predictive approaches of these 2 parameters have been developed based on mass fractions and molecular weights of specific food components such as proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and acids/bases. In ...
Varady Krista A KA Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2009
The ability of modified alternate-day fasting (ADF; ie, consuming 25% of energy needs on the fast day and ad libitum food intake on the following day) to facilitate weight loss and lower vascular disease risk in obese individuals remains unknown. This study examined the effects of ADF that is administered ...
Zhang Weizhen W Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. - - 2009
Ghrelin is a 28-amino-acid hormone derived from the endoproteolytic processing of its prehormone proghrelin. Although ghrelin has been reported to regulate food intake and body weight, it is still unknown whether proghrelin exercises any biological function. Here we show that recombinant proghrelin alters food intake and energy metabolism in mice. ...
Rasmussen Erin B - - 2010
This study describes delay and probability discounting patterns for hypothetical food and money in relation to percent body fat (PBF). Sixty university students completed four computerized discounting tasks in which they were asked to make a series of hypothetical decisions between (a) 10 dollars after one of several different delays ...
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