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Abolfathi M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate compensatory growth in juvenile Rutilus caspicus during starvation and re-feeding periods. The results confirmed the existence of compensatory growth in R. caspicus which depended on the duration of food deprivation. Complete compensatory growth occurred in the fish that were food deprived for ...
Perrier C - - 2012
The relative roles of temperature and food availability on the seasonal and daily growth of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus larvae were investigated in the oligotrophic peri-alpine Lake Annecy, France. During the spring from 2004 to 2007, surface water temperature and density of potential zooplankton prey were monitored, and 2688 larvae were ...
Sharkey Kenneth W - - 2012
This article analyzes the inspectional data for the food protection program at the Cincinnati Health Department prior to the implementation of a standardization program for food inspections and food inspection training. The main objectives of the authors' study were to assess if current foodborne illness risk factors were associated with ...
Loose S Mueller - - 2012
Beverages are consumed at almost every meal occasion, but knowledge about the factors that influence beverage choice is less than for food choice. The aim of this research was to characterize and quantify factors that influence beverage choices at meal times. Insights into what beverages are chosen by whom, when ...
Northrop-Clewes Christine A - - 2012
The first observation of a pigment in milk with yellow-green fluorescence can be traced to the English chemist Alexander Wynter Blyth in 1872, but it was not until the early 1930s that the substance was characterized as riboflavin. Interest in accessory food factors began in the latter half of the ...
Bukovinszky Tibor - - 2012
Effects of food quality and quantity on consumers are neither independent nor interchangeable. Although consumer growth and reproduction show strong variation in relation to both food quality and quantity, the effects of food quality or food quantity have usually been studied in isolation. In two experiments, we studied the growth ...
McManus George B - - 2012
Simultaneous use of both heterotrophic and autotrophic metabolism ("mixotrophy") is common among protists. Strombidium rassoulzadegani is a planktonic mixotrophic marine ciliate that saves chloroplasts from its algal food and obtains a nutritional subsidy via photosynthesis. Cultures from the northeast, northwest, and southwest Atlantic Ocean show similar numerical response parameters (maximum ...
D'Alessandro A G - - 2011
Three experiments were conducted on Martina Franca jennies. Experiment 1 aimed to test Wood's model for evaluating the lactation curve. Data from the entire lactation period of 12 jennies were used. The results showed that Wood's model was able to recognize the shape of the lactation curve from pooled data ...
Chaput J-P - - 2011
Achieving body-weight stability is certainly challenging in today's obesogenic environment. Every day we are surrounded and affected by stimuli that act on our behaviour. A common feature of these stimuli is that they increase our comfort and well-being, but unfortunately they promote a positive caloric balance. Intriguingly, the preponderance of ...
Harbottle L - - 2011
Bariatric surgery is the most effective means of achieving sustainable weight loss for the morbidly obese but resultant gastrointestinal functional changes and altered diet may lead to a number of eating and nutritional problems. This audit was conducted to evaluate Guernsey outcomes in relation to UK national standards and to ...
Heuberger R - - 2011
The rates of dog obesity are increasing and a greater understanding of feeding patterns is required to combat the problem. This study examined relationships between dietary patterns and caloric intake, and nutrient content of foods fed as it relates to obesity in dogs in the United States. Sixty-one owners and ...
Hamner Heather C - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that acculturation factors are associated with dietary patterns of older Mexican Americans (MAs), but the association of these factors with post-fortification folate intake is unknown. We estimated usual folate intakes for U.S. MAs aged ≥60 years (N = 712) by acculturation factors using data from the National Health ...
Nicolás Leticia - - 2011
Interest has been growing in the influence siblings may have on individual development. While mammalian research has tended to emphasize competition among siblings for essential but often limited resources such as the mother's milk, there is also evidence of mutual benefits to be had from sibling presence, most notably for ...
Ziadni Maisa M WAYNE STATE - - 2011
This paper explores classical and war-related factors associated with human insecurity reports in the Gaza Strip following the winter 2008-09 Israeli attack. A cross-sectional survey was conducted six months after the Israeli attack with adults from 3017 households. Results demonstrate that persons with greater human capital and socioeconomic resources were ...
Asnaashari Solmaz - - 2010
Obesity is a major health problem world-wide. Medical intervention is often needed to tackle this problem, and accordingly the need for developing more effective, safer and cheaper weight reducing drugs has become paramount in recent years. In the present study, the effects of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) essential oils in reducing ...
Shi Zumin - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between dietary patterns and weight change prospectively. We followed up 1231 adults aged 20 years and older (mean age 49·3 years) from 2002 to 2007. Food intake was assessed at baseline by an FFQ. Factor analysis was used to ...
Yom-Tov Yoram - - 2011
Geographical and temporal variations in body size are common phenomena among organisms and may evolve within a few years. We argue that body size acts much like a barometer, fluctuating in parallel with changes in the relevant key predictor(s), and that geographical and temporal changes in body size are actually ...
Schrauf Cornelia - - 2010
Bonobos (Pan paniscus; n = 5), orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii; n = 6), and a gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla; n = 1) were presented with two opaque cups, one empty and one baited (containing two bananas). Subjects had to independently gain weight information about the contents of the cups to ...
Nakhate K T - - 2011
Objective:Although hyperphagia and body weight gain are well-recognized consequences of social isolation, the underlying mechanisms are not understood. The aim of this work is to test the possibility that the endogenous cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) may be involved in the process.Design:Socially isolated rats were screened for increase in ...
Cluny Nina L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine if the neutral cannabinoid CB₁ receptor antagonist, AM4113, regulates body weight in the rat via changes in food intake. We confirmed that the AM4113-induced reduction in food intake is mediated by CB₁ receptors using CB₁ receptor knockout mice. In rats, intraperitoneally administered ...
Geens Tinne - - 2010
Bisphenol A (BPA), a contaminant which may be present in the coating of cans, was determined in 45 canned beverages and 21 canned food items from the Belgian market. Beverages had an average BPA concentration of 1.0 ng/ml, while canned foods had a higher average concentration of 40.3 ng/g. The ...
Yom-Tov Yoram - - 2010
We studied geographical and temporal body size trends among 169 adult museum specimens of the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) collected in Sweden between 1962 and 2008, whose sex, year of collection, and locality were known. Skull size and body mass increased significantly in relation to the year of collection, and ...
Oliveira Lisiane dos Santos Ldos - - 2011
The objective of this work was to study the effect of early weaning on circadian rhythm and the behavioral satiety sequence in adult rats. Male Wistar rat pups were weaned for separation from the mother at 15 (D15), 21 (D21) and 30 (D30) days old. Body weight and food intake ...
Mitzelfelt Jeremiah D - - 2011
There is growing concern over the increasing use of opioids to treat chronic pain in the elderly primarily because of the potential increased sensitivity to the adverse side effects. Here, we use a preclinical model (male Brown Norway X F344 rats aged 12, 18, 24, and 30 months) to describe ...
Samira Maghraoui - - 2011
Indium, a IIIA group element of the periodic chart, has many medical uses for diagnostic and clinical investigations in humans. This element is also used in industry and in nuclear fields where released streams can contaminate environment. Consequently, indium can reach humans mainly by natural ways. In this work, we ...
Fonken Laura K - - 2010
The global increase in the prevalence of obesity and metabolic disorders coincides with the increase of exposure to light at night (LAN) and shift work. Circadian regulation of energy homeostasis is controlled by an endogenous biological clock that is synchronized by light information. To promote optimal adaptive functioning, the circadian ...
Chen Y Y Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit2, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.QAF Meat Industries, Corowa, NSW 2646, - - 2011
Feed efficiency and growth are the most important traits in pig production, and very few genetic markers have been reported to be associated with feed efficiency. The suppressor of cytokine signalling-2 (encoded by SOCS2) is the main negative regulator of somatic growth, and the knockout of SOCS2 and naturally mutant ...
Lam Daniel D - - 2010
An inverse relationship between brain serotonin and food intake and body weight has been known for more than 30 years. Specifically, augmentation of brain serotonin inhibits food intake, while depletion of brain serotonin promotes hyperphagia and weight gain. Through the decades, serotonin receptors have been identified and their function in ...
Grief Samuel N - - 2010
Successful long-term weight loss maintenance can be achieved by various means. A combination of dietary and physical activity interventions, along with one or more behavioral approaches, has proven successful in some persons, as documented by the National Weight Control Registry, but is limited by adherence to a consistent weight loss ...
Matsumoto Hiroshi - - 2011
We conducted a pilot study to assess the effects of dietary intervention on metabolic risk factors and renal parameters in obese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We studied 19 obese patients with CKD at our outpatient clinic. The diet selected for this study restricted only their staple food intake, ...
Lattimore Paul - - 2010
Breakfast has psychological and nutritional benefits due to physiological mechanisms and expectations about health impact. Beliefs people hold about calories in food can adversely affect mood and body-image satisfaction and such adverse reactions can be predicted by body mass index. The objectives were to test the effect of consuming isocaloric ...
Chelikani Prasanth K - - 2010
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is one of the most effective treatments for obesity producing long-term weight loss. The anorexia and weight loss from RYGB could be due to gastric restriction, malabsorption, enhanced lower gut stimulation, increased energy expenditure, and/or other metabolic adaptations. In ileal transposition (IT) surgery, a segment ...
Schwinkendorf D R - - 2011
Objective:To investigate the differential effects of acute central administration of distinct fatty acids (FA) on food intake, body weight and energy metabolism.Design:Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with bolus intracerebroventricular injections of control hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPB) or HPB complexed with 30 nmol of saturated palmitic acid (PA), monounsaturated oleic acid (OA) or polyunsaturated ...
Perry Jonathan M G - - 2010
Little is known about ingested food size (V(b)) in primates, even though this variable has potentially important effects on food intake and processing. This study provides the first data on V(b) in strepsirrhine primates using a captive sample of 17 species. These data can be used for generating and testing ...
Samli H E - - 2010
1. The experiment was to study the effects of floor type and probiotic supplementation (Enterococcus faecium) on performance, morphology of erythrocytes and intestinal microbiota of male Ross 308 broiler chickens. 2. The experimental design was a factorial 2 × 2 with 6 replicates. The factors were floor type (wire floor ...
Singh Azara Sneha - - 2010
To evaluate the effectiveness of a locally made ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) in decreasing mild to moderate malnutrition. A randomized open label, controlled trial. Pre-schools run by the Department of Community Health in Kaniyambadi administrative block, Vellore, India; duration of follow-up 3 months from the date of recruitment. Pupils aged ...
Schoenherr William D - - 2010
To evaluate cartilage and bone biomarkers and body composition in growing large-breed dogs consuming a diet designed for growth. 43 large-breed 2 month-old-puppies. Dogs were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 2 foods until 18 months of age. Dogs were evaluated at 2, 5, 12, and 18 months of age ...
Garami András - - 2010
Capsaicin-sensitive abdominal vagal fibers contribute to postprandial satiety and hypermetabolism. We hypothesized that the hypometabolic adaptation to fasting involves similar mechanisms and that blockade of such signals might enhance loss of body weight upon fasting. A low dosage of capsaicin (5mg/kg) administered intraperitoneally desensitizes the local afferent vagal nerve endings ...
Nederkoorn Chantal - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Previous research showed a strong relation between response inhibition, overeating and overweight. It was shown that people with ineffective response inhibition are more susceptible to the temptations of palatable food, eat more and are more often overweight or obese. In addition the results of several studies suggest that what ...
Ritz Julia - - 2010
The growth and weight development of Leopard tortoise hatchings (Geochelone pardalis) kept at the Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP), Qatar, was observed for more than four years, and compared to data in literature for free-ranging animals on body weight or carapace measurements. The results document a distinctively faster growth in ...
Reidelberger Roger D - - 2011
Significant weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) in obese humans correlates with enhanced secretion of anorexigenic gut hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)). Our aim here was to identify a dosing strategy for intraperitoneal (IP) infusion of GLP-1 homologue exendin-4 alone and with PYY(3-36) that produces ...
Benoit Stephen C - - 2010
While much has been elucidated about the hypothalamic controls of energy balance, the epidemic of obesity continues to escalate. Recent work has suggested that extra-hypothalamic central nervous system structures may play a previously un-appreciated role in the control of ingestive behavior and body weight regulation. Because animals can and do ...
Phelan Suzanne - - 2011
Much attention has been paid to the behavioral characteristics of successful weight loss maintenance, but less is known about the cognitive processes that underlie this process. The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitive interference from food-related cues in long-term weight loss maintainers (WLM; N = 15) as compared ...
Hart Chantelle N - - 2010
To determine whether baseline intake or initial changes in intake of fruits (F), vegetables (V), snack foods (SF), and reduced-calorie snack foods (RCSF) during standard behavioral weight loss treatment predict BMI reductions among overweight adolescents. Given conflicting messages between child and adult weight loss interventions, the role of RCSF in ...
Jeon T Y - - 2010
No prospective study on the long-term effects of gastric resection on gastrointestinal hormonal changes in patients with normal body weight has been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 1-year effect of subtotal gastrectomy on ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY)(3-36) levels. Eighteen patients with early gastric cancer ...
Horii Yuko - - 2010
Eucommia ulmoides Oliver leaf extracts (ELE) have been shown to exert a hypolipidemic effect in hamsters. Therefore, it was hypothesized that ELE might affect lipid metabolism via changes in autonomic nerve activities and causes changes in thermogenesis and body weight. We examined this hypothesis, and found that intraduodenal (ID) injection ...
Cappendijk S L T - - 2010
Nicotine improves cognitive enhancement and there are indications that neurodegenerative (age-related) cognitive disorders could be treated with nicotine-based drugs. The zebra finch is a well-recognized model to study cognitive functioning; hence this model could be used to study the effects of nicotine in neurodegenerative cognitive disorders. However, nicotine's in vivo ...
Wang Sheng - - 2010
The insect steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) acts through a specific nuclear receptor complex, ecdysone receptor (EcR) and ultraspiracle (USP). EcR and USP are FXR/LXR and RXR orthologs, respectively, which play critical roles in the regulation of lipid metabolism in mammals. Lipid concentration in Bombyx hemolymph and lipase activity in fat ...
Shi Zumin - - 2010
Animal studies and one large cross-sectional study of 752 healthy Chinese men and women suggest that monosodium glutamate (MSG) may be associated with overweight/obesity, and these findings raise public concern over the use of MSG as a flavour enhancer in many commercial foods. The aim of this analysis was to ...
Olson David P DP Division of Endocrinology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Deletion of acetyl CoA carboxylase-2 (Acc2) reportedly causes leanness in the setting of hyperphagia. To determine the cellular basis for these effects, we generated a mouse model in which Acc2 can be selectively deleted by the action of Cre recombinase. Deletion of Acc2 from skeletal muscle, the predominant site of ...
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