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Wojtyczka A - - 1999
Gastrectomy (GX) was carried out in the male rat according to the Longmire and the Roux-en-Y procedure. The focus of the postoperative investigations was to evaluate the influence of post-GX morphological changes occurring at the site of two types of end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis (with and without invagination), in particular food ...
Koebnick C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the strictness of long-term raw food diets and body weight loss, underweight and amenorrhea. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study 216 men and 297 women consuming long-term raw food diets (3.7 years; SE 0.25) of different intensities completed a specially developed questionnaire. Participants were divided ...
Nowak M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To explore how adolescents who try to lose weight differ from those who do not in relation to body image, food intake, knowledge about food, and sources of information about food, nutrition, and weight loss. METHODS: Data were collected from 12-15-year-old school students in North Queensland, Australia by questionnaire. ...
Grill H J - - 1998
Recent evidence suggests that the central melanocortin (MC) system is a prominent contributor to food intake and body weight control. MC receptor (MC-R) populations in the arcuate and paraventricular nuclei are considered probable sites of action mediating the orexigenic effects of systemically or intracerebroventricularly administered ligands. Yet, the highest MC4-R ...
Yahav S - - 1998
1. The effects of relative humidity on growth rate and thermoregulation at high ambient temperature were evaluated in turkeys. Male turkeys were exposed to ambient temperature (Ta) of 35 degrees C and relative humidity (RH) of 40% to 75% and 50% to 85%, at ages of 13 to 19 weeks ...
Tomas F M - - 1998
The efficacy of exogenous IGFs to stimulate growth and modulate protein and fat deposition was examined in a number of broiler chicken lines. From around 600 g body weight the chickens received a continuous infusion of vehicle (0.1 M acetic acid), human recombinant IGF-I or [Gly1]IGF-II at 300 microg/kg body ...
Young L D - - 1998
Pigs were the progeny of White Composite boars mated to gilts that were either 1/4 Duroc, 1/4 Meishan, 1/4 Fengjing, or 1/4 Minzhu and the remainder 3/4 White Composite. One-eighth Meishan and 1/8 Fengjing pigs averaged approximately .5 more nipples than 1/8 Duroc pigs and .2 more nipples than 1/8 ...
Tardif S - - 1998
Significant relations were observed between select infant-care and weaning behaviors and growth in body weight in common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus). The patterns of these relations suggest that earlier occurrence of developmental milestones, such as cessation of transport (being off carriers) and weaning to solid food, were associated with slower ...
Roth J D - - 1998
Recently, a combination of the anorectics fenfluramine (FEN) and phentermine (PHEN) has been used to treat obesity. While each of these agents has been investigated in animals, little is known concerning the effects of the combination on ingestive behavior and body weight. In the present experiments, we report: (1) the ...
Rawson R E - - 1998
The relationships among seasonal differences in body weight, food intake, metabolism, and thyroid hormone in woodchucks were investigated in 12 woodchucks. Six woodchucks had been maintained on a photoperiod simulating that found at 42 degrees N (boreal woodchucks). The other group of six animals had been maintained similarly in all ...
- - 1998
During November 7-December 9, 1997, three previously healthy collegiate wrestlers in different states died while each was engaged in a program of rapid weight loss to qualify for competition. In the hours preceding the official weigh-in, all three wrestlers engaged in a similar rapid weight-loss regimen that promoted dehydration through ...
Imondi R L - - 1998
Previous results suggest that septal fibers inhibit lordosis, ultrasound production, and bodily growth (rate of weight gain) in female hamsters. To determine if the systems responsible for these effects can be dissociated, septal connections with or through the preoptic area (POA) were disrupted by horizontal cuts across the interface between ...
He B - - 1998
5-Thioglucose (5-TG) has been shown to increase food intake after acute administration. To determine the longer-term effects of 5-TG on feeding and body composition, thirty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were cannulated into the fourth ventricle and infused with artificial CSF and either 0.01 M 5-TG or 0.1 M 5-TG using osmotic ...
Scalera G - - 1998
The effects of a long period of relatively high and nearly constant levels of Somatostatin (SRIF) on the control of food ingestion and body weight gain were investigated; weight gain occurs via concurrent modifications of food and fluid intake and in vitro gut motility. Fluid intake was not influenced by ...
Sanchis D - - 1998
Female adult 9-week old Wistar rats were implanted with osmotic minipumps releasing for 14 days a liposome suspension (controls) loaded with oleoyl-estrone or other compounds of the Merlin series: estrone, estradiol, oleoyl-estradiol, oleoyl-DHEA, stearoyl-estrone, palmitoyl-estrone, oleoyl-diethylstilbestrol (DES), estrone oleoyl-ether and oleoyl-3-methoxy-estrone. All compounds were given at the same dose of ...
Donahey J C - - 1998
Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1), when infused into the third ventricle (I.V.T.), reduces short-term food intake. In the present experiments, we assessed whether I.V.T. administration of GLP-1 could influence long-term food intake and body weight of lean Long Evans rats and of fatty Zucker (fa/fa) rats. In Experiment 1, we replicated ...
Stone E A - - 1997
The effect of sexual maturity on behavioral effects of stress was examined in male mice. Immature (4-week-old) or mature (8-week-old) animals were subjected to either social stress (exposure to an isolated adult male) or restraint stress for 5 days and examined for body weight, food intake, or plus-maze behavior. Social ...
Støa-Birketvedt G - - 1997
The H2-receptor antagonist cimetidine reduces appetite and weight in overweight healthy subjects and in overweight subjects with type II diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to characterize the mechanisms of this effect in rodents. Drugs were administered three times a day, 30 min before 1 h periods of ...
Svihus B - - 1997
1. In two experiments, no consistent differences in weight gain or food intake appeared between broiler chickens given diets based on whole or rolled barley, but food: gain ratio and gizzard weight as a percentage of live weight were reduced (P < 0.05) when barley was rolled. Grit addition did ...
Trivedi A - - 1997
Urine samples from eight male radiation workers who had an unplanned acute tritiated water intake were measured for tritium-in-urine up to 300 d post-exposure. During the first month or so post-exposure, these individuals increased their fluid intakes to accelerate the turnover rate of tritium in the body for dose mitigation. ...
Cowan L A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of stanozolol on body composition, nitrogen balance, and food consumption in castrated dogs with chronic renal failure. DESIGN: Blinded crossover trial. ANIMALS: 22 castrated Beagles with experimentally induced chronic renal failure. PROCEDURE: Dogs were divided into 2 groups of 11 dogs each. During each of ...
Esteve-Garcia E - - 1997
1. An experiment was conducted to compare the relative bioefficacy of DL-methionine hydroxy analogue free acid (DL-MHA-FA) with DL-methionine in broiler chickens. Responses used for comparison were weight gain and food efficiency between 7 and 35 d of age, and breast meat deposition, food cost per kg of breast meat, ...
King-Herbert A P - - 1997
Rodent nose-only inhalation toxicology systems comprise whole-body immobilization in plastic restraint tubes. This method of restraint is known to have a variety of effects on animals. In the studies reported here, two independent toxicology laboratories examined the effects of inhalation tube restraint in Syrian golden hamsters, a species that has ...
Jamieson A C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Weight loss after gastroplasty surgery is sometimes unsatisfactory despite normal surgical anatomy and no evidence of deliberate dietary indiscretion. METHODS: Two morbidly obese female patients were treated with a modified Long vertical gastroplasty following failed attempts at weight loss using nonsurgical means. One of these (109 kg) complained of ...
Hope P J - - 1997
The presence of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in marsupials is controversial because attempts to identify mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP) have been unsuccessful. Sminthopsis crassicaudata is a small nocturnal marsupial with an interscapular pad of adipose tissue. Electron microscopy revealed this tissue to have characteristics typical of BAT. GDP binding and ...
Wood A D - - 1997
We tested the inverse relationship between body fat and food hoarding in Siberian hamsters by decreasing or increasing body fat through partial surgical lipectomy (LIPX) or by making obesity-inducing lesions of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVNx), respectively. We asked three questions. 1) Is food hoarding increased after body ...
Hogan S E - - 1997
Our purpose was to design and implement a nutritional rehabilitation program for persons with severe developmental disabilities who resided in a long-term-care facility or a group home. We used weight for height (WH) to classify residents of both facilities into three groups: group 1 (n=32), WH less than 5th percentile ...
Day T D - - 1997
Data on changes in the condition and feeding behaviour of captive brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) following an experimental infection with Leptospira interrogans serovar balcanica are presented. The daily food intake of nine experimentally infected possums was recorded for 47 days before and 24 days after balcanica inoculation (0.5 ml intraperitoneally ...
Hope P J - - 1997
Little is known about feeding regulation in marsupials. Sminthopsis crassicaudata is a small nocturnal marsupial, whose tail contains approximately 25% total body fat. We have characterized the effect of gender, photoperiod, food deprivation, and tail removal (lipectomy) on food intake in S. crassicaudata. Males and females maintained in captivity on ...
Nakagawa N - - 1997
Daily intake of gross energy (DGEI) and protein (DGPI) of Japanese monkeys in a cool temperature forest were investigated in different four seasons. As a result, dramatic seasonal differences in DGEI and DGPI were found: DGEI and DGPI in winter were significantly lower than those in spring and autumn, being ...
Green M W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated whether a concern with body shape and weight represents a distinct affective state, or whether it is better conceptualized as a highly specific form of anxiety. METHOD: The color-naming performance of women with a high Drive for Thinness score was examined under three experimental conditions: ...
Cabanac M - - 1996
The mass of food hoarded by rats given access to food only two hours per day is proportional to the rats' body weight deficit. The present work investigated whether this behavior might reflect the amount of body fat rather than body weight. The hoarding behavior of three rats was measured ...
Krízova E - - 1996
Male Wistar rats were offered food for either 24, 6, or 1 h a day at two different ambient temperatures -21 or 6 degrees C. At room temperature, rats offered food for 6 h a day matched their food intake to that of rats with 24 h of food-availability in ...
Wishmeyer D L - - 1996
Electromagnetic scanning was investigated to determine its accuracy in predicting chemical composition in live lambs. Forty-seven Rambouillet wether lambs were scanned with an electromagnetic instrument (ToBEC Model HA-2). Lambs were serially scanned and slaughtered over the weight range of 29.5 to 63.5 kg. Each lamb was scanned twice: before and ...
Adami G - - 1996
Food- and weight-related attitudes were assessed in obese subjects prior to biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and at 1 and 2 years after BPD, when any preoccupation with dieting and body weight and shape should have been abandoned. A decrease in the number of subjects whose food attitudes suggested some loss of ...
Agras W S - - 1996
The authors posed 2 questions in this randomized study of maintenance procedures in which participants were followed for 15 months after completion of a very-low-calorie diet: Would stimulus narrowing during the reintroduction of solid food, achieved by the use of prepackaged foods, improve weight losses and the maintenance of those ...
Dzaja P - - 1996
Three groups of Hybro broiler chickens, of which one group were controls, a second treated intragastrically with histamine, and a third stressed by immersion in water, were used in the experiment. Serum activities of aspartate and alanine aminotransferase and creatine kinase were evaluated. Gizzard erosion length, body weight during fattening, ...
Habermas T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Recently several proposals at dropping weight phobia as the central criterion for the differential diagnosis of anorexia nervosa have been advanced, aiming at establishing a new diagnostic category including any self-induced weight loss. The validity of weight phobia as a diagnostic criterion is defended. METHODS: After summarizing clinical arguments, ...
Wang C W - - 1996
A 3.5-year-old girl had a persistent, foul-smelling, blood-tinged vaginal discharge. She was initially treated for recurrent and persistent vulvovaginitis, which resulted in no improvement. Vaginoscopy revealed an intravaginal foreign body, which was removed successfully by hysteroscopy. We believe hysteroscopy is safe, convenient, effective, and easy to perform, even in a ...
Wood A D - - 1996
Siberian hamsters respond to food deprivation or restriction by increasing their food hoarding and do so proportionately to the degree of body mass (fat) loss. These data suggest that Siberian hamsters integrate their internally stored energy as body fat with their externally stored energy as hoarded food such that when ...
Boschmann M - - 1996
Serotonergic neuronal networks are important for food intake and body weight regulation. Dexfenfluramine (dF), a serotonin releaser and reuptake inhibitor, was used to investigate changes in food intake, body weight development, energy expenditure, respiratory quotient, and substrate oxidation rates for 12 days. Rats, which had been made obese by early ...
Yahav S - - 1996
1. Male broiler chickens were exposed in separate experiments to: (a) constant ambient temperatures (Ta) ranging between 10 and 35 degrees C; (b) 12 h:l2 h diurnal high-low temperature of 10:30 degrees C, 15:35 degrees C and 15:30 degrees C in different trials; and (c) 12 h of 30 or ...
Brisswalter J - - 1996
The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between running economy, step length, and body dimensions. Elite middle distance runners were tested for one high submaximal volocity very close to usual training speeds, near the anaerobic threshold (15 km.h-1) and one low submaximal velocity very different to usual ...
Arnelo U - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), also called amylin, is a hormonal peptide produced by the islet beta-cells of the pancreas. Because the peptide is co-stored and co-released with insulin, attention has been focused on IAPP's ability to interfere with glucose metabolism. However, IAPP also has other effects, such as a ...
Tsuji Y - - 1996
In this study, the effects of 5-tesla (T) static magnetic fields (SMFs) on food and water intake in BALB/c mice were examined. We also examined body weight changes, organ weights and some serum biochemical parameters to evaluate the physiological changes resulting from changes in food and water intake. Mice were ...
Giacosa A - - 1996
As a complex syndrome, cachexia has different clinical manifestations; anorexia appears to be one of the most frequent findings, together with weight loss. Anorexia is the cause and partly the consequence of metabolic changes and of progressive undernourishment. In cancer cachexia, weight loss is associated with a marked decrease of ...
Tuomisto J T - - 1995
Long-term regulation of body weight and food intake were studied after rats were subjected to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), which causes hypophagia and body weight loss, and to ventromedial hypothalamic lesion, which causes hyperphagia, metabolic changes and obesity. These two factors appeared to have an interaction, as ventromedial hypothalamic lesion initially aggravated ...
Wahlqvist M L ML Monash University, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, - - 1995
There is a growing interest in nutritional and non-nutritional factors which affect the various stages of life in different ways and how these factors, operative in one stage, have their consequences in later stages. To address these questions has required the command of large and longitudinal data sets about human ...
Jeffery R W - - 1995
One hundred seventy-seven men and women who had participated in an 18-month trial of behavioral interventions involving food provision and financial incentives were examined 12 months later. Food provision, but not financial incentives, led to better weight loss than standard behavioral treatment during the 18-month trial, but over 12 additional ...
McLean J A - - 1995
We measured elimination of 65Zn in white mice (Mus musculus) using daily whole body counting. Thirteen male mice were randomly divided into three groups, each maintained at a different temperature. Each animal was labeled with 65Zn on day 0 and monitored over days 0-48 postinjection. Daily food intake and body ...
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