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Results 401 - 450 of 665
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Wallace F Morgan - - 2003
The utility of the U.S. Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service (USDA/ARS) package rinse method for recovering Listeria monocytogenes from the surface of contaminated foods was validated in comparison to the standard USDA/Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) product composite enrichment method and two other methods using frankfurters from a lot ...
Wenzl T - - 2003
In early 2002, the Swedish National Food Administration reported high acrylamide levels in heat-treated carbohydrate-rich foods. Consequently, intensive activity began examining the many different types of food, and thousands of analyses have been undertaken world wide. Measurement data have been published in many different types of media. Within this flood ...
Lofstedt Ragnar E - - 2003
On April 24, 2002 the Swedish National Food Administration along with a group of researchers at the University of Stockholm raised an alarm regarding potential health risks associated with eating fried and baked foods such as potatoes and bread. Scientists had found high levels of acrylamide (up to 500 times ...
Song Y S - - 2003
The capability of a polypropylene (PP) film barrier to prevent migration of residual contaminants from recycled paperboard into food simulants was studied. Anthracene, benzophenone, methyl stearate and pentachlorophenol were chosen as chemical surrogates to represent classes of contaminants likely to be found in recycled paper/paperboard. Each surrogate was spiked into ...
Bouma K - - 2003
In 2001, a retail market survey of 19 samples of teats and soothers was performed in the Netherlands. The migration of 2-mercaptobenzthiazol (MBT), N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable substances was measured. A screening was also performed for other potential migrants. Of the soothers, shield size and yield strength were determined. Most of ...
Friedman Mendel - - 2003
Acrylamide (CH2=CH-CONH2), an industrially produced alpha,beta-unsaturated (conjugated) reactive molecule, is used worldwide to synthesize polyacrylamide. Polyacrylamide has found numerous applications as a soil conditioner, in wastewater treatment, in the cosmetic, paper, and textile industries, and in the laboratory as a solid support for the separation of proteins by electrophoresis. Because ...
Zyzak David V - - 2003
Recent findings of a potential human carcinogen, acrylamide, in foods have focused research on the possible mechanisms of formation. We present a mechanism for the formation of acrylamide from the reaction of the amino acid asparagine and a carbonyl-containing compound at typical cooking temperatures. The mechanism involves formation of a ...
Marxer C Galli - - 2003
Interpretation of adsorption kinetics measured with a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) can be difficult for adlayers undergoing modification of their mechanical properties. We have studied the behavior of the oscillation amplitude, A(0), and the decay time constant, tau, of quartz during adsorption of proteins and cells, by use of a ...
Quinto-Fernández E J - - 2003
Methods of analysis for four additives (two antioxidants, IRGANOX 245 and 1035; an ultraviolet absorber, CHIMMASORB 81; and an optical brightening agent, UVITEX OB) in olive oil are reported. These additives have the potential to migrate from food-contact materials into the European Union fatty food simulant olive oil, which is ...
Dybing E - - 2003
Daily mean intakes of acrylamide present in foods and coffee in a limited Norwegian exposure assessment study have been estimated to be 0.49 and 0.46 microg per kg body weight in males and females, respectively. Testicular mesotheliomas and mammary gland adenomas have consistently been found in 2-year drinking water rat ...
Anderson W A C - - 2003
Benzophenone may be present in cartonboard food-packaging materials as a residue from UV-cured inks and lacquers used to print on the packaging. It may also be present if the cartonboard is made from recycled fibres recovered from printed materials. A method has been devised to test for benzophenone in cartonboard ...
Eyden B - - 2003
The distribution and the appearance of foci of extracellular amorphous/granulofilamentous material (FEAM) in 34 human tumours are described. FEAM were rounded to oval, or more elongated or irregular elements of discretely delineated dense material lying in the extracellular space of tumours. They varied in size and abundance, sometimes coalescing into ...
Upender - - 2003
The use of Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is increased for packaging and storage of food, milk etc. Virgin polyethylene is safe due to non-toxic, inertness and insoluble in milk. It is a replacement of conventional bottle packing of milk. Detection of contamination of milk contact of LDPE film in which milk ...
López-Cervantes J - - 2003
The behaviour of two commercial oxygen-scavenging products with respect to migration of active ingredients into foodstuffs was investigated. Migrants were identified, and by using appropriate analytical methods, migration was determined in a variety of liquid, solid or gelled food simulants and foods. Simulants were chosen to cover a range of ...
Dekker M - - 2003
One of the phenomena in food-packaging interactions is flavour absorption. Absorption of flavour compounds from food products into food-packaging materials can result in loss of flavour compounds or an unbalance in the flavour profile changing a product's quality. The food matrix influences the amounts of absorbed flavour compounds; the presence ...
Peterson Robert E - - 2003
Sea urchin primary mesenchyme cells (PMCs) ingress into the blastocoel during an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), migrate along the blastocoelar wall for a period of time, and then settle into a subequatorial ring to form the larval skeleton. Fluorescent-marked blastomeres alone, or in combination with blastomere recombination, were used to track ...
Brede Cato - - 2003
Solid phase analytical derivatization with trifluoroacetic anhydride has been introduced as sample preparation for the determination of primary aromatic amines in water by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Water was used as a food simulant for testing migration from laminated flexible food packaging materials. The method was evaluated for ...
Ozaki A - - 2003
Levels of p-t-butylphenol (PTBP), p-t-octylphenol (PTOP), p-nonylphenol (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) in rubber products in food-contact use, infant-related use and other uses are reported. Of 60 rubber products tested, PTOP was found in three in a concentration range of 2.2-37 microgram g(-1), and NP in 15 in a concentration ...
Nerín Cristina - - 2002
The behavior of two synthetic adsorbents, Tenax and Porapak, as food simulants in contact with some plastic containers commercially available, recommended to be used for heating food in microwave ovens, has been studied. Containers of polycarbonate (PC), polypropylene (PP), polypropylene random (PP-random), polypropylene-20% talcum (PP%T), and the copolymer styrene-acrylonytrile (SAN) ...
Munguia-Lopez Elvia M - - 2002
Effects of heat processing, storage time, and temperature on migration of bisphenol A (BPA) from an epoxy type can coating to an acid food simulant and jalapeño peppers were determined. Commercial jalapeño pepper cans (8 oz, dimensions 211 x 300) were stored at 25 degrees C for 40, 70, and ...
Nakazawa H - - 2002
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is an epoxy resin monomer. Epoxy-based solution coatings are used in many applications as additives for a variety of plastic coatings in food packaging. It is well known that unreacted BADGE can migrate from epoxy-based packing materials into foods. Not only BADGE but also its ...
Mowery S V - - 2002
The sawtoothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), is an extremely destructive pest of packaged consumer food products. The beetle is not believed to chew directly through packaging materials, but to use openings or flaws in damaged or improperly sealed packages to gain entry. We investigated the behavioral mechanisms by which ...
Ahn J S - - 2002
We report here the first confirmation of the recent Swedish findings of acrylamide in heated foods. The verification exercise used an LC-MS/MS method developed for the purpose as well as an established GCMS method for acrylamide analysis. LC-MS/MS was suitable for the direct determination of acrylamide in aqueous extracts of ...
Stadler Richard H - - 2002
The discovery of the adventitious formation of the potential cancer-causing agent acrylamide in a variety of foods during cooking has raised much concern, but the chemical mechanism(s) governing its production are unclear. Here we show that acrylamide can be released by the thermal treatment of certain amino acids (asparagine, for ...
Winder Belinda - - 2002
This paper reports a questionnaire survey of shoppers at four supermarket stores in the UK. Regression analyses were used to determine factors in consumer complaints with the packaging of food and drink products. Neuroticism and treatment in hospital for an accident involving packaging in the last 3 years were significant ...
Tareke Eden - - 2002
Reaction products (adducts) of acrylamide with N termini of hemoglobin (Hb) are regularly observed in persons without known exposure. The average Hb adduct level measured in Swedish adults is preliminarily estimated to correspond to a daily intake approaching 100 microg of acrylamide. Because this uptake rate could be associated with ...
Robinet Tony - - 2002
Because of their unusual life cycle, American and European eels (Anguilla rostrata Lesueur and A. anguilla L.), are particularly exposed to pollutant effects. Because silver eels fast when they leave the freshwater system, the transoceanic migration forces them to constitute energy reserves in the form of muscle lipids, that are ...
Goodson A - - 2002
Bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol F (BPF) have been determined in a range of canned foods. Sixty-two different canned foods were purchased from retail outlets in the UK from January to November 2000 and the contents extracted and analysed by GC-MS for BPA and BPF isomers. The following canned products ...
Pantusa Victor P - - 2002
This study evaluated airborne acrylamide exposures experienced by laboratory personnel using either crystalline or commercially available solutions of acrylamide to make polyacrylamide gels. Exposures were monitored for a short-term (15-min) sampling period, during the weighing of the crystalline acrylamide or the removal of the acrylamide solution from its original container, ...
Brunelli Nicola - - 2002
Chemical inertness of typical styrene polymers used in food packaging was investigated by "global migration" measurements. Absorption of liquid food simulants by plastics was also studied. Migrated compounds, detected and identified by gaschromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), are styrene (monomer) and styrene dimers. All migration values, measured under different experimental conditions, turn ...
Riquet A-M - - 2002
It is suggested that solvent mixtures consisting of an ester and of an inert solvent can be used as fatty food simulants capable of having the same migration behaviour as olive oil with plastics. Migration tests carried out with low-density polyethylene for 20 and 48 h in an 8 and ...
Franz R - - 2002
Of all the plastics used for packaging, due to its low diffusivity and chemical inertness, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is one of the favoured candidate plastics for closed-loop recycling for new packaging applications. In the work reported here, a PET-recycling process was investigated with respect to its cleaning efficiency and compliance ...
Cutter Catherine Nettles - - 2002
Since early man first used a variety of natural containers to store and eat foods, significant developments in food packaging materials have provided the means to suppress microbial growth as well as protect foods from external microbial contamination. Throughout this progression, packaging materials have been developed specifically to prevent the ...
Franke I - - 2002
The paper reports the influence of an ethanol emitter (Ethicap) on the microbiological condition and the shelf life extension of a bakery product. Pre-baked buns, with a water activity of 0.95, were packaged with different amounts of Ethicap and stored at room temperature. Yeasts and moulds remained largely absent from ...
Quintaes K D - - 2002
Steatite or soapstone, is a soft metamorphic rock composed mainly of talc, dolomite and actinolite, which is abundantly found and used for the manufacture of cookware in south-east Brazil. The study estimates its usage for cookware among dwellers of Ouro Preto, and assesses the possible toxicological or nutritional impact on ...
Papilloud S - - 2002
Ultraviolet (UV) inks are an alternative formulation system to the more usual paste or liquid inks (oils or solvents based) that dry mainly by evaporation or penetration into the printed substrate. Based on acrylic acid chemistry, UV inks dry (the exact term is 'curing') by the chemical process of photopolymerization. ...
Koseki Shigenobu - - 2002
Nitrogen (N2) gas packaging for fresh-cut vegetables (lettuce and cabbage) has been examined as a means of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) for extending the shelf life of cut vegetables. Gas composition in enclosed packages that contained cut vegetables and were filled with 100% N2 had an oxygen (O2) concentration of ...
Sörgel Fritz - - 2002
We have developed a liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay to determine acrylamide in various body fluids. The assay also allows the reliable quantitation of acrylamide in food. In a total of 11 healthy male and female subjects, we were able to show that acrylamide from food given to humans is ...
Vermeiren L - - 2002
A new type of active packaging is the combination of food-packaging materials with antimicrobial substances to control microbial surface contamination of foods. For both migrating and non-migrating antimicrobial materials, intensive contact between the food product and packaging material is required and therefore potential food applications include especially vacuum or skin-packaged ...
Grob K - - 2002
The premise is put forward that present European regulation of food-packaging materials does not provide the assessment for safety corresponding to the opinion of toxicologists that migrants ingested in amounts exceeding a threshold of 1.5 microg day(-1) should be identified and toxicologically evaluated. Many substances that migrate (the large majority ...
Jetten J - - 2002
The aim of the project was to develop a comprehensive package of quality assurance criteria for use by the industry and by regulatory authorities to ensure the quality and safety-in-use (sensory, microbiological and chemical safety) of reused plastics for food packaging. The paper describes the investigations into potential adulteration effects ...
Begley T H - - 2002
To evaluate the feasibility of recycling all PET bottles into food packaging, realistic estimates of the maximum concentration of contaminants that might be expected in the polymer are needed. To estimate the maximum concentration of a contaminant that might be in PET from the storage of non-food substances, sorption experiments ...
Weber C J - - 2002
Materials based on renewable resources are being developed at an increasing rate. Today, the only biobased food-packaging materials used commercially on a major scale are based on cellulose. However, materials based on proteins, starch, polylactate and other renewable resources may be the food-packaging materials of tomorrow. The paper presents some ...
Hernández-Muñoz P - - 2002
Knowledge of the extent of food/packaging interactions is essential to provide assurance of food quality and shelf life, especially in migration and sorption processes that commonly reach equilibrium during the lifetime of a commercial packaged foodstuff. The limits of sorption and migration must be measured in the presence of the ...
Bayer Forrest L - - 2002
Studies were undertaken to determine the composition of five different types of post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate (PET) feedstreams to ascertain the relative amounts of food containers and non-food containers. Deposit post-consumer PET feedstreams contained approximately 100% food containers, whereas curbside feedstreams contained from 0.04 to 6% non-food containers. Analysis of the ...
Wu Yi - - 2002
Combining the advantages of polysaccharides, proteins and/or lipids offers multicomponent edible films and coatings good mass transfer barrier properties. Multicomponent edible films and coatings could be beneficial to the food industry by leading to innovative applications. The barrier properties of these systems strongly depend upon their structure and chemistry, the ...
de Kruijf N N - - 2002
Changes in the way foods are produced, distributed, stored and retailed, reflecting the continuing increase in consumer demands for improved quality and extended shelf-life for packaged foods, are placing ever-greater demands on the performance of food packaging. Consumers want to be assured that the packaging is fulfilling its function of ...
Reynier A - - 2002
The principle of a computing program describing precisely the migration of additives from a polymer into a food simulant is presented. As six parameters are used to fit the simulnnt sorption and additive extraction kinetics, the parameters have been determined by independent experiments. Owing to the complicated coupling between the ...
Huber M - - 2002
Off-flavours in packed food are causes for consumer complaints. Often, they are related to packaging materials. For food companies, this represents not only costs related to production, but also a possible loss of brand confidence and market share. The origin of packaging-related off-odours are many sided. Odours derive from the ...
Franz R - - 2002
Stimulated by new ecology-driven European and national regulations, news routes of recycling waste appear on the market. Since food packages represent a large percentage of the plastics consumption and since they have a short lifetime, an important approach consists in making new packages from post-consumer used packages. On the other ...
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