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Results 301 - 350 of 690
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Duffy E - - 2006
A food-packaging database was developed to provide qualitative information on the types of packaging materials used for foods. Packaging information was collected from a sample of 594 children aged 5-12 years as part of a national children's food survey carried out in Ireland during 2003-04. All the food packaging collected ...
Lyons John G - - 2006
The use of filler materials in an extended release monolithic polymer matrix can lead to a vastly altered release profile for the active pharmaceutical ingredient. A range of excipients for use in monolithic matrices have been discussed in the literature. The body of work described in this research paper outlines ...
Powell Maria C - - 2006
In this paper, we summarize some of the key data gaps, uncertainties, and unknowns that need to be addressed to develop adequate risk assessments for nanomaterials. We make recommendations to take timely and appropriate public health precautions. We also briefly discuss nanotechnology applications for food and food packaging, and describe ...
Castle L - - 2006
A two-dimensional probabilistic model was constructed to estimate the short-term dietary exposure of UK consumers to any generalized migrant from coated light metal food packaging. Using three UK National Dietary and Nutrition Surveys (NDNS) comprising 4-7-day dietary surveys for different age and gender groups, actual body weights and survey years, ...
de Araújo Maria Christina B - - 2006
Although there is a consensus on the necessity of monitoring solid wastes pollution on beaches, the methods applied vary widely. Therefore, creating, testing and recommending a method that not only allows comparisons of places and periods, but also the detection of source signals, will be important to reach the objectives ...
Sturaro Alberto - - 2006
Contamination of foods with trimethyldiphenylmethanes is reported and the origin is shown to be migration from food packaging materials of which the use of recycled carbonless copy paper was found to be the major source. This chemical is one of the solvents used in the carbonless copy paper and its ...
Reimerdes Ernst H - - 2006
Fried potato products have become very popular foods over the last decades. High quality standards have been established for these products by the food industry including uniform brown color and crispness. During frying, Maillard reactions takes place which contribute to color and taste development in these products. However, safety aspects ...
Ogawa Yuko - - 2006
Food contact plastics and rubbers possibly contain many kinds of chemicals such as monomers, oligomers, additives, degradation products of polymers and additives, and impurities. Among them, bisphenol A, nonylphenol, benzylbutyl phthalate, styrene oligomers and hydroxylated benzophenones have been reported to possess estrogenic activities. In this study, other chemicals related to ...
Bailén Gloria - - 2006
Ethylene triggers the ripening process of tomato affecting the storage durability and shelf life (loss of quality) and inducing fruit decay. In this paper, an active packaging has been developed on the basis of the combination of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) and the addition of granular-activated carbon (GAC) alone or ...
Schreiner Monika C - - 2006
Contents of total and individual glucosinolates of mini broccoli cv. Milady and mini cauliflower cv. Clarke were assessed to determine the effect of modified atmosphere packaging on postharvest glucosinolate dynamics of mixed mini Brassica vegetables. Therefore, mixed-packaged mini broccoli and mini cauliflower stored in food trays sealed with two different ...
Ramos-Cabrer Pedro - - 2006
Differences in water activity within multicomponent food systems inevitably lead to moisture (re)distribution phenomena, hence deteriorating textural quality during shelf life. Noninvasive assessment of moisture transport in such systems would promote mechanistic understanding and enable rational development of strategies to control migration. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an ideal candidate ...
Fuhr Uwe - - 2006
High amounts of acrylamide in some foods result in an estimated daily mean intake of 50 microg for a western style diet. Animal studies have shown the carcinogenicity of acrylamide upon oral exposure. However, only sparse human toxicokinetic data is available for acrylamide, which is needed for the extrapolation of ...
Kou W - - 2006
In clinical practice, core materials can be exposed after adjustments are made to previously-luted all-ceramic restorations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness of five different dental ceramic core materials after grinding and polishing. Five different ceramic core materials, Vita In-Ceram Alumina, Vita In-Ceram Zirconia, IPS ...
Dole Patrice - - 2006
When plastics are collected for recycling, possibly contaminated articles might be recycled into food packaging, and thus the contaminants might subsequently migrate into the food. Multilayer functional barriers may be used to delay and to reduce such migration. The contribution of the work reported here is to establish reference values ...
Akova Tolga - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of food-simulating liquids (FSL) on the mechanical properties of provisional restorative materials. METHODS: Four provisional restorative materials were selected: (1) Dentalon Plus (DP), (2) Protemp II (PII), (3) Systemp C&B (SCB) and (4) Integrity (INTG). The specimens were fabricated ...
Claus Achim - - 2006
Recent studies have revealed different acrylamide formation mechanisms, e. g. from carnosine (N-beta-alanyl-L-histidine) and aminopropionamide as additional precursors. The occurrence of acrylamide in food matrices devoid of common precursors such as meat supports an additional formation pathway. Gluten was recovered from wheat flour by water extraction. Starch, reducing sugars and ...
Cruz S A - - 2006
Many studies have been carried out in order to make bottle-to-bottle recycling feasible. The problem is that residual contaminants in recycled plastic intended for food packaging could be a risk to public health. One option is to use a layer of virgin material, named functional barrier, which prevents the contaminants ...
Biedermann Maurus - - 2006
Polyadipates might be a suitable replacement for conventional plasticizers in plastisols to produce lids for glass jars complying with legal limits for oily foods. For the characterization of polyadipates, the proportion of the material with a molecular mass below 1000 Da is important. Determination of the material < 1000 Da ...
Grob Koni - - 2006
The comparison of the various sources of food contamination with organic chemicals suggests that in the public, but also among experts, the perception of risk is often distorted. Firstly, neither pesticides nor environmental pollutants contribute the most; the amount of material migrating from food packaging into food may well be ...
Carere Angelo - - 2006
In 2002, public health concerns were raised by Swedish studies showing that relatively high levels of acrylamide were formed during the frying, roasting, or baking of a variety of foods, including potatoes, cereal products and coffee at temperatures above 120 degrees C. Acrylamide possesses a range of hazardous properties, the ...
Freire M T De A - - 2006
Packaging materials intended for direct food contact were acquired on the Brazilian retail market and analysed for their plasticizer content. Analyses were carried out by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. Di-2-ethyl-hexyl adipate (DEHA), di-2-ethyl-hexyl phthalate (DEHP) and di-iso-decyl phthalate (DIDP) plasticizers were identified in films and closure seals in ...
Chytiri S - - 2005
The effects of gamma-irradiation (5-60 kGy) on radiolysis products and sensory changes of experimental five-layer food-packaging films were determined. Films contained a middle buried layer of recycled low-density polyethylene (LDPE) comprising 25-50% by weight (bw) of the multilayer structure. Respective films containing 100% virgin LDPE as the buried layer were ...
Braunrath R - - 2005
Bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations were determined in canned beverages, fruits, vegetables, and fat-containing foodstuffs bought in Austrian supermarkets. The analysis method consisted of sol-gel immunoaffinity chromatography followed by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. With one exception traces of BPA were detected in all samples. BPA recovery strongly depended on ...
Yasui Takeshi - - 2005
We propose a paintmeter for noncontact and remote monitoring of the thickness and drying progress of a paint film based on the time-of-flight measurement of the echo signal of a terahertz (THz) electromagnetic pulse. The proposed method is effectively applied to two-dimensional mapping of the painting thickness distribution for single-layer ...
Henningsson Sara S - - 2005
We analysed migratory connectivity between different winter quarters and breeding sectors in the circumpolar tundra region for arctic shorebirds, in relation to migratory distances and ecological barriers. Total distances and barriers were calculated and measured for all potential migratory orthodrome links between 10 selected winter regions and 12 breeding sectors. ...
Varpe Oystein - - 2005
Ecosystems are not closed, but receive resource subsidies from other ecosystems. Energy, material and organisms are moved between systems by physical vectors, but migrating animals also transport resources between systems. We report on large scale energy transport from ocean to coast by a migrating fish population, the Norwegian spring-spawning (NSS) ...
Jones Kate K Health and Safety Laboratory, Harpur Hill, Buxton SK17 9JN, UK. - - 2006
This paper reports an occupational hygiene survey of exposure to acrylamide comparing acrylamide haemoglobin adduct measurements with personal air monitoring and glove liner analysis. The air monitoring data showed that exposure to acrylamide was well-controlled with all samples below the UK maximum exposure limit (MEL) of 300 microg/m(3) with mean ...
Mortensen Sarah Kelly - - 2005
A multi-analyte method without any pre-treatment steps using reversed-phase liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) was developed and applied for the determination of 20 primary aromatic amines (PAA) associated with polyurethane (PUR) products or azo-colours. The method was validated in-house for water and 3% acetic acid food simulants using spiked ...
Theocharous Evangelos - - 2005
The spectral responsivity of two cryogenically cooled InSb detectors was observed to drift slowly with time. The origin of these drifts was investigated and was shown to occur due to a water-ice thin film that was deposited onto the active areas of the cold detectors. The presence of the ice ...
Petersen J H - - 2005
A few years ago, it became accepted that the plastics industry could use migration modelling for compliance testing. When a calculation confirms that the migration of a compound from a plastic material or article is below the specific migration limit, this is considered sufficient documentation for compliance with legislation. In ...
De Jong A R - - 2005
This paper gives an overview of the legal consequences of a new EU framework regulation on food contact materials which includes controls on active and intelligent packaging. Recent developments in active and intelligent packaging systems are described, two examples of which aim at achieving improvements in quality and safety of ...
Ingham Steven C - - 2005
This study was conducted to evaluate small-scale hot-water postpackaging pasteurization (PPP) as a postlethality (post-cooking) treatment for Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat beef snack sticks and natural-casing wieners. Using a commercially available plastic packaging film specifically designed for PPP applications and 2.8 liters of boiling water (100 degrees C) in a ...
Franz R - - 2005
One important aspect within the European Union's public healthcare is the exposure of consumers to undesirable chemicals in the diet. Food-contact materials (FCM) are one potential contamination source and therefore of particular interest for food exposure assessment. On the other hand, scientific investigations concerning the migration potential and behaviour of ...
Skjevrak Ingun - - 2005
A procedure used by the Norwegian Food Safety Authority for surveillance of contaminants from plastic food contact materials (polyolefin drinking bottles, water boilers, polyamide cooking utensils and plastic multi-layer materials) is described. It is based on gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC/MS) analysis of food simulants exposed to plastic materials. Most migrants ...
López-Rubio A - - 2005
The objective was to demonstrate, as an example of an application, the potential of synchrotron X-ray analysis to detect morphological alterations that can occur in barrier packaging materials and structures. These changes can affect the packaging barrier characteristics when conventional food preservation treatments are applied to packaged food. The paper ...
Cooksey K - - 2005
Antimicrobial additives have been used successfully for many years as direct food additives. The literature provides evidence that some of these additives may be effective as indirect food additives incorporated into food packaging materials. Antimicrobial food packaging is directed toward the reduction of surface contamination of processed, prepared foods such ...
Feigenbaum A - - 2005
Functional barriers are multilayer structures deemed to prevent migration of some chemicals released by food-contact materials into food. In the area of plastics packaging, different migration behaviours of mono- and multilayer structures are assessed in terms of lag time and of their influence of the solubility of the migrants in ...
Lagarón J M - - 2005
This paper gathers a number of significant results where nanotechnology was satisfactorily applied to improve packaged food quality and safety by increasing the barrier properties to oxygen of an ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) in dry and under humid conditions and of a poly(lactic acid) (PLA) biopolymer. The nanodispersion in the ...
Begley T H - - 2005
Perfluorochemicals are widely used in the manufacturing and processing of a vast array of consumer goods, including electrical wiring, clothing, household and automotive products. Furthermore, relatively small quantities of perfluorochemicals are also used in the manufacturing of food-contact substances that represent potential sources of oral exposure to these chemicals. The ...
Christofides E - - 2005
Moving a misplaced nipple-areola complex (NAC) without causing additional scarring has proved to be difficult, especially if it is to be moved medially, laterally or inferiorly. This study investigated the possibility of migrating the NAC without leaving additional scarring by using the technique of serial excision. Two adult female pigs ...
Pournis Nikolaos - - 2005
The present work evaluated the quality and freshness characteristics and the effect of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on the shelf-life extension of refrigerated Mediterranean mullet using microbiological, biochemical, and sensory analyses. Fresh open sea red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) were packaged in four different atmospheres: M1, 10%/20%/70% (O2/ CO2/N2); M2, 10%/40%/50% ...
Krüger R H - - 2005
For protection of elastomeric materials against ageing, antioxidants such as UV-stabilizers and antiozonants are used. Although historically N-phenyl-N'-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-p-phenylenediamine (6PPD) was the only approved antiozonant in Germany, a range of other phenylene diamine antiozonants (excluding 6PPD) are permitted for use in rubber articles intended for repeat food-contact use in the US ...
Holmes M J - - 2005
A two-dimensional probabilistic model has been developed to estimate the short-term dietary exposure of UK consumers to migrants from food packaging materials. The current EU approach uses a default scenario of assuming that all individuals are 60 kg weight and consume 1 kg of food packaged in the material of ...
López-Carballo Gracia - - 2005
The ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymers (EVOHs) are well-known high oxygen barrier materials that are being used successfully in the design of packaging structures for oxygen-sensitive food or pharmaceutical products. Recently, there has been increasing interest in using EVOH materials to provide a high barrier to organic compounds as a means to ...
Munguía-López E M - - 2005
The effect of heat processing, storage time and temperature on the migration of bisphenol A (BPA) from organosol and epoxy can coatings to a fatty-food simulant and tuna was determined. Analyses of BPA were performed by RP-HPLC with fluorescence detection. Four migration experiments, performed between 2000 and 2003, using cans ...
Nikitas P - - 2005
A study of hominin dispersal out of Africa using computer simulations is presented. Attention is focused on the joint probability of the colonization of Western Europe later than 1 Ma and that of Eastern Asia prior to 1.6 or 1.8 Ma, as current archaeological estimates suggest. We found that the ...
Mutsuga M - - 2005
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is frequently used as a packaging material for beverage bottles, fruit and vegetable trays, and egg crates in Japan. Levels of formaldehyde (FA), acetaldehyde (AA) and PET oligomers in various PET food packaging were determined. PET samples were initially dissolved in trifluoroacetic acid with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine to derivatize ...
Jickells S M - - 2005
The gas phase transfer of substances from carton board (CB) and corrugated box board (CBB) through intervening layers to foods was studied. Substances covering a boiling point range of 252-425 degrees C and a range of polarities were incorporated into CB and CBB secondary packaging. Benzophenone was present in some ...
Buchanan James D R - - 2005
We have found that almost all paper documents, plastic cards and product packaging contain a unique physical identity code formed from microscopic imperfections in the surface. This covert 'fingerprint' is intrinsic and virtually impossible to modify controllably. It can be rapidly read using a low-cost portable laser scanner. Most forms ...
Gotardo M A - - 2005
The migration of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) from PVC bags into LVPS (0.9% NaCl) and LVPS with cyclosporine at concentrations of 2.5 and 0.5mg/ml was studied. PVC bags were placed in contact with these solutions and stored at 25+/-1 degrees C. They were taken for analysis each 30 min during 6 ...
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