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Results 201 - 250 of 684
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Friedman Mendel - - 2008
Potentially toxic acrylamide is largely derived from heat-induced reactions between the amino group of the free amino acid asparagine and carbonyl groups of glucose and fructose in cereals, potatoes, and other plant-derived foods. This overview surveys and consolidates the following dietary aspects of acrylamide: distribution in food originating from different ...
Mucci Lorelei A - - 2008
More than one-third of the calories consumed by U.S. and European populations contain acrylamide, a substance classified as a "probable human carcinogen" based on laboratory data. Thus, it is a public health concern to evaluate whether intake of acrylamide at levels found in the food supply is an important cancer ...
Viklund Gunilla A I - - 2008
Acrylamide is formed via the Maillard reaction between reducing sugars and asparagine in a number of carbohydrate-rich foods during heat treatment. High acrylamide levels have been found in potato products processed at high temperatures. To examine the impact of harvest year, information on weather conditions during growth, that is, temperature, ...
Tareke Eden - - 2008
Acrylamide, a chemical formed during heating of human foods, reacts with N-terminal valine in hemoglobin (Hb) and forms stable reaction products (adducts). These adducts to N-terminal valine in Hb have been used to estimate daily intake of acrylamide. Daily intake of acrylamide estimated from Hb adduct levels was higher than ...
Petersen H - - 2008
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is widely used as a monomer for coatings and adhesives for food-contact applications. Previous publications indicate that, after migration from packaging into foodstuffs, BADGE undergoes various reactions with unidentified food components. In order to elucidate the fate of BADGE, losses were determined after incubation with ...
Sánchez Juana - - 2008
The effect of fiber and fat contents of food and of age and sex of animals on the formation of hemoglobin adducts of acrylamide (AA-Hb) in blood has been studied. The results suggest that the absorption of acrylamide (AA) present in food is not affected by the fiber or fat ...
Brantsaeter Anne Lise - - 2008
We assessed dietary exposure to acrylamide in 119 pregnant Norwegian women. The aim of the study was to explore three different methods for estimation of long-term intake of acrylamide and whether it is possible by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to identify pregnant women with high exposure to acrylamide. Acrylamide ...
Grimm Silko - - 2008
Ordered nanofiber arrays are a promising material platform for artificial adhesive structures, tissue engineering, wound dressing, sensor arrays, and self-cleaning surfaces. Their production via self-ordered porous alumina hard templates serving as shape-defining molds is well-established. However, their release requires the destruction of the hard templates, the fabrication of which is ...
Farnsworth Andrew - - 2008
Many North American species of birds give distinctive flight calls during nocturnal migration. Monitoring these calls can be a powerful method for studying the timing and magnitude of migration, as well as for confirming the presence of individual species and potentially for quantifying passage rates. Recent technological advances in acoustic ...
Brodersen Jakob - - 2008
Partial migration is a common phenomenon among many animals and occurs in many types of ecosystems. Understanding the mechanisms behind partial migration is of major importance for the understanding of population dynamics and, eventually, ecosystem processes. We studied the effects of food availability on the seasonal partial migration of cyprinid ...
Blumenthal Kevin B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recently, several large series of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) have described a low incidence of bladder neck contractures (BNC). We have had a similar experience at our institution. Our objective is to describe our experience with BNC after RALP and a novel relationship to the use of Hem-o-lok ...
Prasada Rao T - - 2008
Most of the potentiometric sensing electrodes offer detection limits of the order of approximately 1 micromol L(-1) rarely stretching down to 0.1 micromol L(-1). Recent advances have made it possible to bring these levels down to 0.01-10 nmol L(-1) for some inorganic ions. Most of these electrodes (barring a few) ...
Torri Luisa - - 2008
A study was carried out of the odour properties of polyolefins destined for flexible food packaging. A total of 25 homo- and copolymers of ethylene and five homo- and copolymers of polypropylene in pellet grade were analysed by a sensory panel. Principal component analyses of sensory data showed a perceptible ...
Tuncer B - - 2008
Poultry meat has a high risk of contamination during its processing. Storage temperature, type of packaging, and types and numbers of psychrotrophic bacteria are the major factors determining the spoilage of poultry meat. Before packaging, poultry carcasses are chilled by air or water currents in commercial slaughterhouses. The packaging material ...
Siegrist Michael - - 2008
Nanotechnology has the potential to generate new food products and new food packaging. In a mail survey in the German speaking part of Switzerland, lay people's (N=337) perceptions of 19 nanotechnology applications were examined. The goal was to identify food applications that are more likely and food applications that are ...
Stopforth J D - - 2008
Manual dispensing equipment for aseptically packaged beverages or foods requires refrigeration of the product package following breakage of the hermetic seal. The food service industry would benefit greatly by implementing dispensing equipment that maintains the sterility of products after continued use without the need for refrigeration. The purpose of this ...
Henshaw Ian - - 2008
Recent studies have shown that migratory thrush nightingales (Luscinia luscinia) experimentally treated with multiple changes of the magnetic field simulating a journey to their target stopover area in northern Egypt, increased fuel deposition as expected in preparation to cross the Sahara desert. To investigate the significance of food intake on ...
Begley T H - - 2008
Fluorochemical-treated paper was tested to determine the amount of migration that occurs into foods and food-simulating liquids and the characteristics of the migration. Migration characteristics of fluorochemicals from paper were examined in Miglyol, butter, water, vinegar, water-ethanol solutions, emulsions and pure oil containing small amounts of emulsifiers. Additionally, microwave popcorn ...
Chaudhry Qasim - - 2008
A review of current and projected nanotechnology-derived food ingredients, food additives and food contact materials is presented in relation to potential implications for consumer safety and regulatory controls. Nanotechnology applications are expected to bring a range of benefits to the food sector, including new tastes, textures and sensations, less use ...
Sanches-Silva A - - 2008
Photoinitiators are used in the curing process during UV printing of food carton labels. The alarm concerning the detection of a photoinitiator, 2-isopropyl thioxanthone (ITX), in food samples packed with cartons printed with UV-cured inks has focused the attention of legislative authorities on the potential migrants from packaging inks into ...
Francius Grégory - - 2008
The ultrastructure and mechanical properties of the fusiform, triradiate and ovoid morphotypes of Phaeodactylum tricornutum were investigated using atomic force microscopy. Using topographic imaging, we showed that the surface of the ovoid form is rougher than those of the two other specimens, and coated with an outer layer of extracellular ...
Cabado Ana G - - 2008
Migration of potentially toxic materials used for the lining of commercial can goods remains an important issue, especially with respect to certain types of processed foods. Seafood is one type where more information is needed with respect to other ingredients used for adding value to fishery products. Most cans are ...
Couderc A A-L - - 2008
This study investigated the effect of additional moisture and/or alkalinity on the rate of anaerobic digestion in samples of material obtained from pit latrines. In modified serum bottle tests it was shown that poor gas production rates were observed from all experiments with material collected at the lower part of ...
Fernandez-Saiz P - - 2008
The biocide properties of chitosan-based materials have been known for many years. However, typical antimicrobial formulations of chitosan, mostly chitosonium salts, are known to be very water sensitive materials which may impair their use in many application fields such as food packaging or food coating applications. This first work reports ...
Le Hoa H - - 2008
The impact of endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) exposure on human health is receiving increasingly focused attention. The prototypical EDC bisphenol A (BPA) is an estrogenic high-production chemical used primarily as a monomer for the production of polycarbonate and epoxy resins. It is now well established that there is ubiquitous human ...
Sivaramakrishna Vijaykrishna - - 2007
This research evaluated an offline vacuum decay leak detection system for 1775-ml polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles. These bottles were filled with water and pulped and unpulped orange juice and induction sealed with an aluminum liner and an outer 38-mm continuous thread polypropylene cap. The objectives of this study were to ...
Cobus Laura A E B - - 2007
Ultrasonic techniques are increasingly being used to evaluate the properties of food materials. Interpretation of the structure and dynamics on the basis of measured ultrasonic parameters requires rigorous definition of ultrasonic parameters such as velocity, especially since many food materials can display considerable dispersive behavior (changes in velocity with frequency). ...
Welle Frank - - 2008
The aim of the study was to investigate and evaluate the cleaning efficiency of a new recycling concept for post-consumer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). The so-called Flake To Resin (FTR) recycling process produces PET pellets or preforms from conventionally recycled PET flakes for the application in new PET packaging in direct ...
Cassidy K - - 2007
US FDA's continual effort to evaluate the safety of food-contact materials includes periodically re-examining our established packaging factors, such as consumption and food-type distribution factors. The use of polystyrene in food-contact and disposable food-packaging applications has expanded and is expected to continue to increase in the future. Therefore, it is ...
Chen Mei-Lien - - 2008
Phthalates are widely used in industry and consumer products. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-butylphthalate (DBP) show the greatest potency of reproductive toxicants among phthalates. The purposes of this study are to examine the migration level of phthalate from PVC films by simulating food handling and to reveal the body burden ...
Ebringerová Anna - - 2008
Wood-derived naturally acetylated galactoglucomannans (AcGGM) can be recovered even in ton-scale at mechanical pulp mills using spruce as raw material. These cell wall polysaccharides have a great potential as hydrocolloids and bioactive polymers in food and pharmaceutical applications, or as starting material for production of functional polymers. The immunostimulatory activity ...
Pinto S F - - 2007
In this Letter we report spontaneous pattern formation in dense granular assemblies confined to a Hele-Shaw cell and quasistatic regime. Varied unexpected patterns, ranging from rounded to fingered, are observed due to the displacement of one granular material by another. Computer simulations reproduce the major features observed in these experiments. ...
Wenzl Thomas - - 2007
Heat-induced food contaminants have attracted attention of both the scientific community and the public in recent years. The presence of substances considered possibly or probably carcinogenic to humans has triggered an extensive debate on the healthiness of even staple foods. In that respect, acrylamide, furan and chloropropanols are the main ...
Haldimann M - - 2007
Antimony residues, a result of the use of a polycondensation catalyst in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) oven-proof trays, were analysed in ready-to-eat meals. The toxicity of antimony has raised concerns about consumer safety; therefore, the migration of small fractions of these residues into ready meals and foods as ...
Kubacka Anna - - 2007
The incorporation of TiO2 nanoparticles into (ethylene-vinyl alcohol)-based food packaging copolymers affords an opportunity to synthesize polymer-based nanocomposite materials with novel and powerful biocidal and photodegradability properties, resulting in the production of an advanced, environmentally friendly system prepared using a cost-effective synthesis method via a simple melt compounding without the ...
Keokamnerd T - - 2007
Ground chicken breast meat was prepared using combinations of the following treatments: ethanol rinse before grinding, inoculation with Lactobacillus fermentum after grinding, and modified atmosphere packaging in either 90% O(2) and 10% CO(2) or 90% N(2) and 10% CO(2). Control treatments included water rinse and noninoculation with L. fermentum. Packaged ...
Achilias D S - - 2007
The recycling of either model polymers or waste products based on low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polypropylene (PP) is examined using the dissolution/reprecipitation method, as well as pyrolysis. In the first technique, different solvents/non-solvents were examined at different weight percent amounts and temperatures using as raw material both ...
Xu Wenhai - - 2008
The influence of collection solvents hexane and perfluorohexane on the permeation of the non-polar and non-volatile di-n-octyl disulfide (DOD) through nitrile glove material was investigated using the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F739-99a method. The weight and the thickness of the nitrile material increased about 6%, statistically significant ...
Bentayeb K - - 2007
The possibility of using recycled polyethylene terephthalate as a food contact material is being seriously considered, but the potential migration of nonvolatile compounds from it must be assessed to ensure that it is safe to do so. In the study presented here, four samples of recycled PET were each exposed ...
Mestdagh Frédéric - - 2007
A food and drink intake survey was carried out among university students and staff members. Consumption data were collected on days when the participants took hot lunch in a university canteen. The dietary acrylamide exposure was calculated through a probabilistic approach and revealed a median intake of 0.40 microg/kg bw/day ...
Huang Chih-Chun Jean - - 2007
Acrylamide, classified by the IARC as a probable human carcinogen (Group 2A), is present in cigarette mainstream smoke and also some high-temperature-processed foods, thus smokers and consumers of certain foods are at risk of acrylamide exposure. The objectives of this study were to analyze N-acetyl-S-(propionamide)-cysteine (NASPC), an acrylamide metabolite, in ...
Bjellaas Thomas - - 2007
In a study comprising 50 subjects, we investigated the relationship between acrylamide (AA) intake from food using food frequency questionnaires and the concentration of hemoglobin (Hb) adducts of AA and its genotoxic metabolite glycidamide (GA) as a measure of the internal exposure. A method using solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography ...
Kenawy El-Refaie - - 2007
Microbial infection remains one of the most serious complications in several areas, particularly in medical devices, drugs, health care and hygienic applications, water purification systems, hospital and dental surgery equipment, textiles, food packaging, and food storage. Antimicrobials gain interest from both academic research and industry due to their potential to ...
Beckmann Manfred - - 2007
Understanding attributes of crop varieties and food raw materials underlying desirable characteristics is a significant challenge. Metabolomics technology based on flow infusion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (FIE-MS) has been used to investigate the chemical composition of potato cultivars associated with quality traits in harvested tubers. Through the combination of metabolite ...
Rothenbacher T - - 2007
To elucidate the occurrence of the photo-initiator, 2-isopropylthioxanthone (2-ITX), more than 100 food products on the German market, packed in cartons, plastic cups and foils, were investigated. For this, a rapid method to detect 2-ITX in food packaging materials was established. In case of positive findings, the accompanying foodstuffs were ...
Isachenko Vladimir - - 2007
Vitrification of laser treated human blastocysts using reduced concentrations of permeable cryoprotectants was carried out by submerging cut standard straws (CSS) into liquid nitrogen. The CSS were made by cutting a standard 0.25 ml straw at an angle of approximately 45 degrees . After laser assisted hatching, 6 day blastocysts ...
Langmaier F - - 2008
Enzymatic hydrolysates of waste collagen proteins (H), from current industrial manufacture (leather, edible meat product casings, etc.) of mean molecular mass 20-30 kDa by a reaction with dialdehyde starch (DAS), produces hydrogels applicable as biodegradable (or even edible) packaging materials for food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical products. Thermo-reversibility of prepared hydrogels ...
Siegrist Michael - - 2007
Nanotechnology is increasingly being employed in the areas of food production and packaging. Public perception will be crucial to the realization of these technological advances. We examined how lay people (N=153) perceive nanotechnology foods and nanotechnology food packaging, and we examined the factors that influence willingness to buy these products. ...
Bray Jeremy W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the strength and direction of the association between product characteristics (beer type, package size, and brand name) and market-area socioeconomic characteristics, and promoted sales of beer in grocery stores. METHOD: Supermarket scanner data from 64 market areas across the United States over 5 years were used to ...
Zhang Yu - - 2007
The efficiency of antioxidant from bamboo leaves on the reduction of acrylamide during thermal processing and optimization of levels of addition of antioxidant from bamboo leaves applied to fried chicken wings are reported. The authors optimized the method of the addition of antioxidant from bamboo leaves to fried chicken wings ...
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