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Kim Hannah - - 2014
BackgroundBehavioral choices in habits and innate behaviors occur automatically in the absence of conscious selection. These behaviors are not easily modified by learning. Similar types of behaviors also occur in various mental illnesses including drug addiction, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and autism. However, underlying mechanisms are not clearly understood. In the ...
Umene Shingo S Tokyo Laboratory, EN Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 1-11-10 Kinshi, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, 130-0013, Japan, - - 2014
Hard, difficult-to-eat root crops (carrots and burdock roots) were homogeneously softened by an enzyme permeation method so that they could be mashed easily by the tongue while retaining appearance, flavor, and nutrients. The appearance, color, and nutritional value of these foods were equivalent to those of normally cooked root crops ...
Dight Carol C Taunton and Somerset NHS Foundation - - 2014
THE NHS spends about £500 million a year on food and drinks for inpatients, yet there are still inpatients who receive inadequate nutrition and hydration.
Kumar Gayathri S - - 2014
Reducing consumption of calories from added sugars is a recommendation of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and an objective of Healthy People 2020. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) are major sources of added sugars in the diets of U.S. residents. Daily SSB consumption is associated with obesity and other chronic health ...
Hill Sarah E SE Texas Christian University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumers often turn to non-caloric sweeteners (NCS) as a means of promoting a healthy body weight. However, several studies have now linked their long-term use to increased weight gain, raising the question of whether these products produce unintended psychological, physiological, or behavioral changes that have implications for weight management goals. ...
Gomes Jean N JN Instituto de Estudos Costeiros/IECOS, Campus de Bragança, Faculdade de Biologia, UFPA, Bragança, PA, - - 2014
In the present study, we carried out experiments on the diet of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium equidens. We tested which type of food and which density of food is suitable for larval development. For the experiment on the type of food, eight treatments were carried out: (I) starvation, (AL) microalgae, ...
Baum William M WM University of California, - - 2014
In experiments on operant behavior, other activities, called "background" activities, compete with the operant activities. Herrnstein's () formulation of the matching law included background reinforcers in the form of a parameter rO , but remained vague about the activities (BO ) that produce rO . To gain more understanding, we ...
Nguyen Binh T BT 1Economic and Health Policy Research,American Cancer Society, Inc.,250 Williams Street,Atlanta,GA - - 2014
To examine the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on adults' energy intake and dietary indicators. Individual-level fixed-effects regression model estimation based on two different days of dietary intake data was used. Parallel to the rising obesity epidemic in the USA, there has been a marked upward trend in ...
Robinson Eric E Department of Psychological Sciences and UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies (UKCTAS), Eleanor Rathbone Building, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eating behaviour is often studied in the laboratory under controlled conditions. Yet people care about the impressions others form about them so may behave differently if they feel that their eating behaviour is being monitored. Here we examined whether participants are likely to change their eating behaviour if they feel ...
Vilela S S Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Adverse effect on health has been described for a high consumption of energy-dense food, among children and adults. Limited research has been performed among pre-school children. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between socioeconomic characteristics and family structure, and the consumption of energy-dense food among 2-year-old ...
Van Cauwenberghe Lisbeth L Ghent University, Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microplastics are present throughout the marine environment and ingestion of these plastic particles (<1 mm) has been demonstrated in a laboratory setting for a wide array of marine organisms. Here, we investigate the presence of microplastics in two species of commercially grown bivalves: Mytilus edulis and Crassostrea gigas. Microplastics were recovered ...
Forney K Jean KJ a Department of Psychology , Florida State University , Tallahassee , Florida , - - 2014
Binge episodes involve "definitely large" amounts of food, yet limited data exist regarding the upper limits of food consumption in non-binge eating episodes. Study 1 examined the concurrent validity of a self-report measure developed to measure "usual" food consumption. Results support good concurrent validity for most items across response versions. ...
Jensen Lora M LM Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia, - - 2014
The marsupials that eat Eucalyptus in south-eastern Australia provide an example of animals with similar niche requirements occurring sympatrically. They certainly differ in size, ranging from about 1 kg in the greater glider (Petauroides volans) and the closely related common ringtail possum (Pseudocheirus peregrinus), to 4 kg (common brushtail possum, Trichosurus vulpecula) ...
Huvaere Kevin K Department of Food Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958, - - 2014
Flavonoids, ubiquitously present in plant kingdom, preserve food and beverages at ppm level with minor perturbation of sensory impressions, are safe, and possibly attribute positive health effects. Flavonoids should be further exploited for protection of food and beverages against light-induced quality deterioration through: (i) direct absorption of photons as inner ...
Cahill Leah E LE From the Departments of Nutrition (LEC, QS, WCW, FBH, and EBR) and Epidemiology (WCW, FBH, and EBR), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Channing Division of Network Medicine (QS, WCW, FBH, and EBR) and Division of Preventive Medicine (SEC), Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health (AP) and Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine (AP), National University of Singapore and National University Health System, - - 2014
Through the processes of oxidation, polymerization, and hydrogenation, the cooking method of frying modifies both foods and their frying medium. However, it remains unknown whether the frequent consumption of fried foods is related to long-term cardiometabolic health.OBJECTIVE: We examined fried-food consumption and risk of developing incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA; Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fish are a healthy source of protein and nutrients, but contaminants in fish may provide health risks. Determining the risk from contaminants in fish requires site-specific information on consumption patterns. We examine consumption rates for resident and expatriates in the Jeddah region of Saudi Arabia, by species of fish and ...
Deighton Kevin K School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK; School of Sport, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, LS6 3QS, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weight loss is the result of a sustained negative energy balance, which is typically achieved by decreasing food intake and/or increasing physical activity. Current evidence suggests that acute energy deficits of ~4820 kJ elicit contrasting homeostatic responses when induced by exercise and food restriction but the response to government-recommended energy deficits ...
Qin Wenjie - - 2014
In this paper, we firstly discovered that Co3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) possess intrinsic oxidase-like activity and which can catalytically oxidize peroxidase substrates, such as 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) and 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), to form colored products, in the absence of exogenously added H2O2. The presence of sulfite inhibited the TMB-O2-Co3O4 NPs ...
Rompotis Christopher J CJ School of Psychology, The University of Western - - 2014
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a habit-based intervention delivered by e-mail or sms in improving fruit and vegetable consumption among young adults. Methods: An eight-week randomised controlled trial compared the effectiveness of three different types of message content (habit-based messages; food-group messages; general healthy eating messages) and two delivery ...
Ventura Jey-R Sabado JR Department of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Myongji University, Gyeonggi-Do 449-728, - - 2014
An alternating mesophilic and thermophilic two stage anaerobic digestion (AD) process was conducted. The temperature of the acidogenic (A) and methanogenic (M) reactors was controlled as follows: System 1 (S1) mesophilic A-mesophilic M; (S2) mesophilic A-thermophilic M; and (S3) thermophilic A-mesophilic M. Initially, the AD reactor was acclimatized and inoculated ...
Meng Ying Y Centre for Resource and Environmental Research, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 15 Beisanhuan East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Batch anaerobic digestion was employed to investigate the efficient start-up strategies for the liquefied food waste, and sequencing batch digestion was also performed to determine maximum influent organic loading rate (OLR) for efficient and stable operation. The results indicated that the start-up could be well improved using appropriate wastewater organic ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Donna & Allan Lansing School of Nursing & Health Sciences, Bellarmine University, Louisville, KY, USA - - 2014
Emerging work demonstrates that serum bilirubin is a novel biomarker implicated in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. However, we have a limited understanding of the influence of flavonoid-rich fruit and vegetable consumption on bilirubin levels, which was the purpose of this study. Data from the 2003 to 2006 National Health and ...
Camilleri Géraldine M GM Paris 13 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Research Center, Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), U1153 National Institute of Health and Medical Research, U1125 National Institute for Agricultural Research, National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, Paris 7 and 5 Universities, Bobigny, France - - 2014
In recent years, emotional eating (EmE) has incited substantial research interest as an important psychologic determinant of food intake and overweight. However, little is known about factors that might modulate its relations with dietary habits. The objective was to examine the association between EmE and consumption of energy-dense snack food ...
Hayashi Keiji K a Junior College, University of Shizuoka, 2-2-1 Oshika, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, 422-8021, - - 2014
To examine the effect of postprandial thermogenesis on the cutaneous vasodilatory response, 10 healthy male subjects exercised for 30 min on a cycle ergometer at 50% of peak oxygen uptake, with and without food intake. Mean skin temperature, mean body temperature ([Formula: see text]), heart rate, oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide ...
Ninfali Paolino P Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino "Carlo Bo" , Urbino , - - 2014
Abstract Fruit beverages are source of antioxidants, but their sugar content plays an important role in the epidemic of obesity. In this study, we considered 32 fruit beverages consumed in Italy (13 fruit juices, 11 nectars, and 8 fruit drinks), which were analyzed for caloric intake, total phenols (TP), ascorbic ...
Boada Luis D LD Toxicology Unit, Clinical Sciences Department, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain), Instituto Canario de Investigación del Cáncer (ICIC), and Spanish Biomedical Research Centre in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERObn), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The level of contamination with persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and dietary habits and food consumption was extensively studied in the population from the Canary Islands (Spain). Because foodstuffs of animal origin are well known to be prominent contributors to these contaminants, the current study aimed to assess the role of ...
Hadi Rhonda - - 2014
This research investigates the consequences of physically taking (actively acquiring) vs. receiving (passively acquiring) food items. Specifically, we demonstrate that the act of physically taking food can generate a false impression of choice, an effect we term "embodied illusion of choice." Across two studies, we document the mediating effect of ...
Borresen Erica C EC Department of Environmental and Radiological Health - - 2014
Emerging evidence supports that increased consumption of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) reduces both the incidence and recurrence of adenomatous polyps or precancerous growths. Navy beans have been studied for dietary colorectal cancer (CRC) chemoprevention in animal models. Our main objectives were to assess the feasibility of increased navy bean ...
Shah Trushna T Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SBKS MI & RC, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth , Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India - - 2014
Obesity is a condition in which excess body fat accumulates, which leads to various adverse effects on health, particularly cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which reduce life expectancy and/or increase health problems. Fast food consumption is one of the factors which have been reported as a cause of obesity. Body mass index ...
Lima J T JT Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, SP, 13506-900, - - 2014
A previous research suggests that when subterranean termites locate equivalent food they consume the initial food resource. However, little is known about the movement of foragers among these food sources. For this reason, this study analyzed the feeding behavior of Heterotermes tenuis and Coptotermes gestroi in the presence of equivalent ...
Bleich Sara N SN Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether weight loss strategies are associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), snacks or food values. Cross-sectional analysis of 24-h dietary recall data obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010 (N=9440). Adults trying to lose weight consumed roughly 2000 total calories, 250 calories from SSBs, ...
Saldiva Silvia Regina - - 2014
To evaluate the association between the consumption of unhealthy foods in children under one year and the education level of the mothers, data obtained from participants of the II Survey on the prevalence of breastfeeding in the Brazilian capitals and the Federal District in 2008 was analyzed. During the second ...
Cohen Juliana F W JF Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
The U.S Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently made substantial changes to the school meal standards. The media and public outcry have suggested that this has led to substantially more food waste. School meal selection, consumption, and waste were assessed before and after implementation of the new school meal standards. Plate ...
Ruff Ryan Richard RR , 250 Park Avenue South, 6th Floor, New York, NY, 10010, USA, - - 2014
Obesity and overweight-obesity have contributed to increases in early mortality and noncommunicable disease incidence. The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to obesity, weight gain, and metabolic syndrome. To further explore this relationship in a large urban environment, we assessed disparities in calorie intake between SSB and non-SSB consumers ...
Brunello Giorgio G University of Padova, IZA, Cesifo and ROA, - - 2014
Using Italian data, we evaluate the effects on the consumption of unhealthy snacks of a European Union-wide campaign providing fruit and vegetables to school children and promoting healthy diet habits. We use scanner data of supermarket sales in the city of Rome. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we compare the sales ...
Yan Bing Hua BH Sino-Forest Applied Research Centre for Pearl River Delta Environment, Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR - - 2014
Effect of rumen microorganisms on hydrolysis of food waste in leach bed reactor (LBR) was investigated. LBRs were inoculated (20%, w/w) with cow manure and anaerobically digested sludge at different ratios, 0:1 (LBR-A), 1:3 (LBR-B), 1:1 (LBR-C), 3:1 (LBR-D) and 1:0 (LBR-E). High volatile solids (VS) conversion efficiency of 68% ...
Orsini Caitlin A CA Department of Psychiatry, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0256, - - 2014
Cessation of drug use often coincides with increased food consumption and weight gain in recovering addicts. However, it is not known whether this phenomenon (particularly the weight gain) is uniquely human, or whether it represents a consequence of drug cessation common across species. To address this issue, rats (n = 10/group) were ...
Chamoli Manish M Molecular Aging Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, 10067, - - 2014
Although dietary restriction (DR) is known to extend lifespan across species, from yeast to mammals, the signalling events downstream of food/nutrient perception are not well understood. In Caenorhabditis elegans, DR is typically attained either by using the eat-2 mutants that have reduced pharyngeal pumping leading to lower food intake or ...
Mullan Barbara - - 2014
Breakfast consumption is important to health; however, adolescents often skip breakfast, and an increased understanding of the breakfast consumption patterns of adolescents is needed. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of breakfast eating, including the content and context, in an adolescent sample from Australia and England. ...
Renzaho Andre M N AM Global Health and Society Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; Centre for International Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Family functioning, which reflects how well family members communicate and interact with each other, is associated with childhood overweight and obesity, but its association with children's eating behaviors remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the association between family functioning and unhealthy food and beverage consumption among ...
Pothakos Vasileios V LFMFP, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Member of Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sweet bell peppers are a significant constituent of retail, chilled-stored and packaged food products like fresh salads, marinades and ready-to-eat (RTE) meals. Previously, through general screening of the Belgian market and by means of source tracking analysis in a plant manufacturing minimally processed, vegetable salads the susceptibility of fresh-cut sweet ...
Hubbard Kristie L KL 1 Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 150 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
To assess whether a Smarter Lunchroom intervention based on behavioural economics and adapted for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities would increase the selection and consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and reduce the selection and consumption of refined grains. The 3-month intervention took place at a residential school ...
Martins Chrissy M CM a Department of Marketing and International Business , Iona College , 715 North Avenue, New Rochelle , NY , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Two studies examined the hypothesis that the presence versus absence of holiday food cues leads dieters to bolster self-regulatory resources and reduce consumption of a snack food. Study 1 evaluated snack food consumption on a holiday versus a non-holiday and in Study 2 the proposed underlying mechanism-the bolstering ...
Khoury Colin K CK International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Apartado Aéreo 6713, Cali, - - 2014
The narrowing of diversity in crop species contributing to the world's food supplies has been considered a potential threat to food security. However, changes in this diversity have not been quantified globally. We assess trends over the past 50 y in the richness, abundance, and composition of crop species in ...
Kaneko Kiyoko K Laboratory of Biomedical and Analytical Sciences, Faculty of Pharma Sciences, Teikyo - - 2014
Purines are natural substances found in all of the body's cells and in virtually all foods. In humans, purines are metabolized to uric acid, which serves as an antioxidant and helps to prevent damage caused by active oxygen species. A continuous supply of uric acid is important for protecting human ...
Beltran Ana - - 2014
Antioxidant nano-biocomposites based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were prepared by incorporating hydroxytyrosol (HT) and a commercial montmorillonite, Cloisite®30B (C30B), at different concentrations. A full structural, thermal, mechanical and functional characterization of the developed nano-biocomposites was carried out. The presence of the nanoclay and HT increased PCL crystallinity, whereas some decrease in ...
Haire Chrystal - - 2014
Single-serving packages (SSPs) may assist people in reducing consumption. Because overweight/obese individuals and individuals practicing dietary restraint may be more responsive to external food cues regarding an amount of food to consume, we examined whether weight and restraint status influence the relationship between package size and consumption. It was hypothesized ...
Kelle Doris D Chairs of Wildlife Ecology and Management, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
Reintroducing orangutans (Pongo spp.) into the wild requires a suitable, secure habitat. To identify acceptable areas for their reintroduction and define priority conservation sites, we analysed the tree species composition in the Bukit Tigapuluh ecosystem in Jambi, Sumatra. We used this information to determine the distribution patterns of those species ...
Murphy Cara M - - 2014
Impulsive personality traits have been robustly associated with alcohol and drug misuse, but have received little attention in the context of food addiction. The goal of the current study was to examine the interrelationships between impulsive personality traits, food addiction, and Body Mass Index (BMI), including indirect pathways of influence. ...
Dortch Katherine Skala - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To determine the association between youth sport team participation and dietary behaviors among elementary school-aged children. Design . Cross-sectional survey. Setting . Public schools in Texas during 2009-2010. Subjects . A total of 5035 ethnically diverse fourth graders. Measures . Participation in organized sports teams, consumption of ...
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