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Vilela S S Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Adverse effect on health has been described for a high consumption of energy-dense food, among children and adults. Limited research has been performed among pre-school children. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between socioeconomic characteristics and family structure, and the consumption of energy-dense food among 2-year-old ...
Van Cauwenberghe Lisbeth L Ghent University, Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microplastics are present throughout the marine environment and ingestion of these plastic particles (<1 mm) has been demonstrated in a laboratory setting for a wide array of marine organisms. Here, we investigate the presence of microplastics in two species of commercially grown bivalves: Mytilus edulis and Crassostrea gigas. Microplastics were recovered ...
Forney K Jean KJ a Department of Psychology , Florida State University , Tallahassee , Florida , - - 2014
Binge episodes involve "definitely large" amounts of food, yet limited data exist regarding the upper limits of food consumption in non-binge eating episodes. Study 1 examined the concurrent validity of a self-report measure developed to measure "usual" food consumption. Results support good concurrent validity for most items across response versions. ...
Jensen Lora M LM Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia, - - 2014
The marsupials that eat Eucalyptus in south-eastern Australia provide an example of animals with similar niche requirements occurring sympatrically. They certainly differ in size, ranging from about 1 kg in the greater glider (Petauroides volans) and the closely related common ringtail possum (Pseudocheirus peregrinus), to 4 kg (common brushtail possum, Trichosurus vulpecula) ...
Huvaere Kevin K Department of Food Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958, - - 2014
Flavonoids, ubiquitously present in plant kingdom, preserve food and beverages at ppm level with minor perturbation of sensory impressions, are safe, and possibly attribute positive health effects. Flavonoids should be further exploited for protection of food and beverages against light-induced quality deterioration through: (i) direct absorption of photons as inner ...
Cahill Leah E LE From the Departments of Nutrition (LEC, QS, WCW, FBH, and EBR) and Epidemiology (WCW, FBH, and EBR), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Channing Division of Network Medicine (QS, WCW, FBH, and EBR) and Division of Preventive Medicine (SEC), Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health (AP) and Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine (AP), National University of Singapore and National University Health System, - - 2014
Through the processes of oxidation, polymerization, and hydrogenation, the cooking method of frying modifies both foods and their frying medium. However, it remains unknown whether the frequent consumption of fried foods is related to long-term cardiometabolic health.OBJECTIVE: We examined fried-food consumption and risk of developing incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA; Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fish are a healthy source of protein and nutrients, but contaminants in fish may provide health risks. Determining the risk from contaminants in fish requires site-specific information on consumption patterns. We examine consumption rates for resident and expatriates in the Jeddah region of Saudi Arabia, by species of fish and ...
Deighton Kevin K School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK; School of Sport, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, LS6 3QS, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weight loss is the result of a sustained negative energy balance, which is typically achieved by decreasing food intake and/or increasing physical activity. Current evidence suggests that acute energy deficits of ~4820 kJ elicit contrasting homeostatic responses when induced by exercise and food restriction but the response to government-recommended energy deficits ...
Qin Wenjie - - 2014
In this paper, we firstly discovered that Co3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) possess intrinsic oxidase-like activity and which can catalytically oxidize peroxidase substrates, such as 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) and 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), to form colored products, in the absence of exogenously added H2O2. The presence of sulfite inhibited the TMB-O2-Co3O4 NPs ...
Rompotis Christopher J CJ School of Psychology, The University of Western - - 2014
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a habit-based intervention delivered by e-mail or sms in improving fruit and vegetable consumption among young adults. Methods: An eight-week randomised controlled trial compared the effectiveness of three different types of message content (habit-based messages; food-group messages; general healthy eating messages) and two delivery ...
Meng Ying Y Centre for Resource and Environmental Research, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 15 Beisanhuan East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Batch anaerobic digestion was employed to investigate the efficient start-up strategies for the liquefied food waste, and sequencing batch digestion was also performed to determine maximum influent organic loading rate (OLR) for efficient and stable operation. The results indicated that the start-up could be well improved using appropriate wastewater organic ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Donna & Allan Lansing School of Nursing & Health Sciences, Bellarmine University, Louisville, KY, USA - - 2014
Emerging work demonstrates that serum bilirubin is a novel biomarker implicated in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. However, we have a limited understanding of the influence of flavonoid-rich fruit and vegetable consumption on bilirubin levels, which was the purpose of this study. Data from the 2003 to 2006 National Health and ...
Camilleri Géraldine M GM Paris 13 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Research Center, Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), U1153 National Institute of Health and Medical Research, U1125 National Institute for Agricultural Research, National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, Paris 7 and 5 Universities, Bobigny, France - - 2014
In recent years, emotional eating (EmE) has incited substantial research interest as an important psychologic determinant of food intake and overweight. However, little is known about factors that might modulate its relations with dietary habits. The objective was to examine the association between EmE and consumption of energy-dense snack food ...
Hayashi Keiji K a Junior College, University of Shizuoka, 2-2-1 Oshika, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, 422-8021, - - 2014
To examine the effect of postprandial thermogenesis on the cutaneous vasodilatory response, 10 healthy male subjects exercised for 30 min on a cycle ergometer at 50% of peak oxygen uptake, with and without food intake. Mean skin temperature, mean body temperature ([Formula: see text]), heart rate, oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide ...
Ninfali Paolino P Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino "Carlo Bo" , Urbino , - - 2014
Abstract Fruit beverages are source of antioxidants, but their sugar content plays an important role in the epidemic of obesity. In this study, we considered 32 fruit beverages consumed in Italy (13 fruit juices, 11 nectars, and 8 fruit drinks), which were analyzed for caloric intake, total phenols (TP), ascorbic ...
Hadi Rhonda - - 2014
This research investigates the consequences of physically taking (actively acquiring) vs. receiving (passively acquiring) food items. Specifically, we demonstrate that the act of physically taking food can generate a false impression of choice, an effect we term "embodied illusion of choice." Across two studies, we document the mediating effect of ...
Shah Trushna T Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SBKS MI & RC, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth , Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India - - 2014
Introduction: Obesity is a condition in which excess body fat accumulates, which leads to various adverse effects on health, particularly cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which reduce life expectancy and/or increase health problems. Fast food consumption is one of the factors which have been reported as a cause of obesity. Body mass ...
Borresen Erica C EC Department of Environmental and Radiological Health - - 2014
Emerging evidence supports that increased consumption of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) reduces both the incidence and recurrence of adenomatous polyps or precancerous growths. Navy beans have been studied for dietary colorectal cancer (CRC) chemoprevention in animal models. Our main objectives were to assess the feasibility of increased navy bean ...
Lima J T JT Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, SP, 13506-900, - - 2014
A previous research suggests that when subterranean termites locate equivalent food they consume the initial food resource. However, little is known about the movement of foragers among these food sources. For this reason, this study analyzed the feeding behavior of Heterotermes tenuis and Coptotermes gestroi in the presence of equivalent ...
Bleich Sara N SN Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether weight loss strategies are associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), snacks or food values. Cross-sectional analysis of 24-h dietary recall data obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010 (N=9440). Adults trying to lose weight consumed roughly 2000 total calories, 250 calories from SSBs, ...
Saldiva Silvia Regina - - 2014
To evaluate the association between the consumption of unhealthy foods in children under one year and the education level of the mothers, data obtained from participants of the II Survey on the prevalence of breastfeeding in the Brazilian capitals and the Federal District in 2008 was analyzed. During the second ...
Cohen Juliana F W JF Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
The U.S Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently made substantial changes to the school meal standards. The media and public outcry have suggested that this has led to substantially more food waste. School meal selection, consumption, and waste were assessed before and after implementation of the new school meal standards. Plate ...
Ruff Ryan Richard RR , 250 Park Avenue South, 6th Floor, New York, NY, 10010, USA, - - 2014
Obesity and overweight-obesity have contributed to increases in early mortality and noncommunicable disease incidence. The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to obesity, weight gain, and metabolic syndrome. To further explore this relationship in a large urban environment, we assessed disparities in calorie intake between SSB and non-SSB consumers ...
Brunello Giorgio G University of Padova, IZA, Cesifo and ROA, - - 2014
Using Italian data, we evaluate the effects on the consumption of unhealthy snacks of a European Union-wide campaign providing fruit and vegetables to school children and promoting healthy diet habits. We use scanner data of supermarket sales in the city of Rome. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we compare the sales ...
Yan Bing Hua BH Sino-Forest Applied Research Centre for Pearl River Delta Environment, Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR - - 2014
Effect of rumen microorganisms on hydrolysis of food waste in leach bed reactor (LBR) was investigated. LBRs were inoculated (20%, w/w) with cow manure and anaerobically digested sludge at different ratios, 0:1 (LBR-A), 1:3 (LBR-B), 1:1 (LBR-C), 3:1 (LBR-D) and 1:0 (LBR-E). High volatile solids (VS) conversion efficiency of 68% ...
Orsini Caitlin A CA Department of Psychiatry, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0256, - - 2014
Cessation of drug use often coincides with increased food consumption and weight gain in recovering addicts. However, it is not known whether this phenomenon (particularly the weight gain) is uniquely human, or whether it represents a consequence of drug cessation common across species. To address this issue, rats (n = 10/group) were ...
Chamoli Manish M Molecular Aging Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, 10067, - - 2014
Although dietary restriction (DR) is known to extend lifespan across species, from yeast to mammals, the signalling events downstream of food/nutrient perception are not well understood. In Caenorhabditis elegans, DR is typically attained either by using the eat-2 mutants that have reduced pharyngeal pumping leading to lower food intake or ...
Mullan Barbara - - 2014
Breakfast consumption is important to health; however, adolescents often skip breakfast, and an increased understanding of the breakfast consumption patterns of adolescents is needed. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of breakfast eating, including the content and context, in an adolescent sample from Australia and England. ...
Pothakos Vasileios V LFMFP, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Member of Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sweet bell peppers are a significant constituent of retail, chilled-stored and packaged food products like fresh salads, marinades and ready-to-eat (RTE) meals. Previously, through general screening of the Belgian market and by means of source tracking analysis in a plant manufacturing minimally processed, vegetable salads the susceptibility of fresh-cut sweet ...
Hubbard Kristie L KL 1 Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 150 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
To assess whether a Smarter Lunchroom intervention based on behavioural economics and adapted for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities would increase the selection and consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and reduce the selection and consumption of refined grains. The 3-month intervention took place at a residential school ...
Martins Chrissy M CM a Department of Marketing and International Business , Iona College , 715 North Avenue, New Rochelle , NY , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Two studies examined the hypothesis that the presence versus absence of holiday food cues leads dieters to bolster self-regulatory resources and reduce consumption of a snack food. Study 1 evaluated snack food consumption on a holiday versus a non-holiday and in Study 2 the proposed underlying mechanism-the bolstering ...
Khoury Colin K CK International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Apartado Aéreo 6713, Cali, - - 2014
The narrowing of diversity in crop species contributing to the world's food supplies has been considered a potential threat to food security. However, changes in this diversity have not been quantified globally. We assess trends over the past 50 y in the richness, abundance, and composition of crop species in ...
Kaneko Kiyoko K Laboratory of Biomedical and Analytical Sciences, Faculty of Pharma Sciences, Teikyo - - 2014
Purines are natural substances found in all of the body's cells and in virtually all foods. In humans, purines are metabolized to uric acid, which serves as an antioxidant and helps to prevent damage caused by active oxygen species. A continuous supply of uric acid is important for protecting human ...
Beltran Ana - - 2014
Antioxidant nano-biocomposites based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were prepared by incorporating hydroxytyrosol (HT) and a commercial montmorillonite, Cloisite®30B (C30B), at different concentrations. A full structural, thermal, mechanical and functional characterization of the developed nano-biocomposites was carried out. The presence of the nanoclay and HT increased PCL crystallinity, whereas some decrease in ...
Haire Chrystal - - 2014
Single-serving packages (SSPs) may assist people in reducing consumption. Because overweight/obese individuals and individuals practicing dietary restraint may be more responsive to external food cues regarding an amount of food to consume, we examined whether weight and restraint status influence the relationship between package size and consumption. It was hypothesized ...
Kelle Doris D Chairs of Wildlife Ecology and Management, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
Reintroducing orangutans (Pongo spp.) into the wild requires a suitable, secure habitat. To identify acceptable areas for their reintroduction and define priority conservation sites, we analysed the tree species composition in the Bukit Tigapuluh ecosystem in Jambi, Sumatra. We used this information to determine the distribution patterns of those species ...
Murphy Cara M - - 2014
Impulsive personality traits have been robustly associated with alcohol and drug misuse, but have received little attention in the context of food addiction. The goal of the current study was to examine the interrelationships between impulsive personality traits, food addiction, and Body Mass Index (BMI), including indirect pathways of influence. ...
Dortch Katherine Skala - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To determine the association between youth sport team participation and dietary behaviors among elementary school-aged children. Design . Cross-sectional survey. Setting . Public schools in Texas during 2009-2010. Subjects . A total of 5035 ethnically diverse fourth graders. Measures . Participation in organized sports teams, consumption of ...
Nir Orit O Marine Biology Department, The Leon H. Charney School of Marine Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, - - 2014
Coral bleaching occurs when environmental stress induces breakdown of the coral-algae symbiosis and the host initiates algae expulsion. Two types of coral bleaching had been thoroughly discussed in the scientific literature; the first is primarily associated with mass coral bleaching events; the second is a seasonal loss of algae and/or ...
Verhoeckx Kitty C M KC TNO, Zeist, the Netherlands; Dep. Dermatology/Allergology, University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU), Utrecht, the Netherlands; Utrecht Center for Food Allergy (UCFA), Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Due to the imminent growth of the world population, shortage of protein sources for human consumption will arise in the near future. Alternative and sustainable protein sources (e.g. insects) are being explored for the production of food and feed. In this project, the safety of Yellow mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) ...
Jilcott Pitts Stephanie B - - 2014
While farmers' markets are a potential strategy to increase access to fruits and vegetables in rural areas, more information is needed regarding use of farmers' markets among rural residents. Thus, this study's purpose was to examine (1) socio-demographic characteristics of participants; (2) barriers and facilitators to farmers' market shopping in ...
Sibly Richard M RM School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, , Reading, UK, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, , Albuquerque, NM, USA, Santa Fe Institute, , Santa Fe, NM, - - 2014
In mammals, the mass-specific rate of biomass production during gestation and lactation, here called maternal productivity, has been shown to vary with body size and lifestyle. Metabolic theory predicts that post-weaning growth of offspring, here termed juvenile productivity, should be higher than maternal productivity, and juveniles of smaller species should ...
Phillips Ngaire R NR a National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research , Hamilton , New - - 2014
Arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg) associated with geothermally influenced lakes and rivers represent a potential health risk to communities where wild-caught food is consumed. The Rotorua Lakes region of New Zealand has extensive natural geothermal activity and a large proportion (35%) of indigenous Māori population, for whom wild food gathering ...
Mâsse Louise C LC School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, F508-4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, British Columbia V6H 3V4, Canada. - - 2014
Increasing attention has been paid to the school food environment as a strategy to reduce childhood obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between the school food environment, students' dietary intake, and obesity in British Columbia (BC), Canada. In 2007/08, principal responses about the school environment (N = 174) ...
da Costa Mikaelle Kaline Bezerra MK a Regional Development and Environment Program , Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte , Natal , - - 2014
This study compared the consumption of animal protein and food sharing among fishers' and non-fishers' families of the northeastern Brazilian coast. The diet of these families was registered through the 24-hour-recall method during 10 consecutive days in January (good fishing season) and June (bad fishing season) 2012. Fish consumption was ...
Thapa Devna Singh DS Human and Natural Resources Studies Centre, Kathmandu University, P.O. Box 6250, Kathmandu, Nepal. - - 2014
The risk of mercury exposure through consumption of fish from Lake Phewa, Nepal was investigated. A total of 170 people were surveyed to know their fish consumption levels. The weekly mercury (Hg) intake in the form of methylmercury (MeHg) through fish was calculated by using the data on average MeHg ...
Serrano Samantha E SE Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98121, USA. - - 2014
Phthalates are ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemicals that are contaminants in food and contribute to significant dietary exposures. We examined associations between reported consumption of specific foods and beverages and first trimester urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations in 656 pregnant women within a multicenter cohort study, The Infant Development and Environment Study (TIDES), ...
Jiang Jianguo J School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Key Laboratory for Solid Waste Management and Environment Safety, Ministry of Education of China, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Regional Environmental Quality, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
This paper describes a series of studies on the effects of food waste disintegration using an ultrasonic generator and the production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) by anaerobic hydrolysis. The results suggest that ultrasound treatment can significantly increase COD [chemical oxygen demand], proteins and reducing sugars, but decrease that of ...
Miura Kyoko K School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove QLD, 4059 AUSTRALIA; Cancer and Population Studies Group, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, 300 Herston Rd, Herston QLD, 4006 AUSTRALIA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine whether takeaway food consumption mediated (explained) the association between socioeconomic position and body mass index (BMI). A postal-survey was conducted among 1500 randomly selected adults aged between 25-64 years in Brisbane, Australia during 2009 (response rate 63.7%, N=903). BMI was calculated using ...
Robinson Eric - - 2013
How enjoyable a food product is remembered to be is likely to shape future choice. The present study tested the influence that expectations and specific moments during consumption experiences have on remembered enjoyment for food products. Sixty-four participants consumed three snack foods (savoury, sweet and savoury-sweet) and rated expected and ...
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