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Sørheim Oddvin - - 2012
Premature browning (PMB) in the centre of cooked hamburgers and beef loin (M. longissimus dorsi) steaks was assessed visually and instrumentally. Rosemary extract, ascorbic acid, sodium lactate, polyphosphate or lingonberry juice were added to freshly ground beef with predominant oxymyoglobin, and hamburgers were cooked to 62°C. In general, the tested ...
Unrine Jason M - - 2012
To determine if nanoparticles (NPs) could be transferred from soil media to invertebrates and then to secondary consumers, we examined the trophic transfer of Au NPs along a simulated terrestrial food chain. Earthworms (Eisenia fetida) were exposed to Au NPs in artificial soil media and fed to juvenile bullfrogs (Rana ...
Mu Honglei - - 2013
A novel oxygen scavenger using iron nanoparticle was produced and evaluated as a potential oxygen scavenger. Iron nanoparticle was prepared by liquid phase reduction method in microemulsion systems. The absorption capacity of different kinds of oxygen scavengers was measured as a function of time, and the absorption rate constant was ...
Sharp David D Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. - - 2012
People eat meals rather than nutrients or food groups. Plate size may influence meal size, meal composition, and food type. To examine effects of plate size on meals, we developed a method we label plate mapping. A quasi-experimental study asked university students to accurately draw what they would like to ...
Cederberg C - - 2012
To analyse trends in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from production and consumption of animal products in Sweden, life cycle emissions were calculated for the average production of pork, chicken meat, beef, dairy and eggs in 1990 and 2005. The calculated average emissions were used together with food consumption statistics and ...
Stamm H - - 2012
This paper describes the requirements and resulting challenges for the implementation of current and upcoming European Union legislation referring to the use of nanomaterials in food, cosmetics and other consumer products. The European Commission has recently adopted a recommendation for the definition of nanomaterials. There is now an urgent need ...
Calzolai L - - 2012
Nanoparticles are already used in several consumer products including food, food packaging and cosmetics, and their detection and measurement in food represent a particularly difficult challenge. In order to fill the void in the official definition of what constitutes a nanomaterial, the European Commission published in October 2011 its recommendation ...
Vilela Diana - - 2012
In this work it was demonstrated that sample endogenous polyphenols are selectively driving the gold-nanoparticle (AuNPs)-formation process when representative food samples were used as natural sources of reducing compounds. The process of AuNPs formation was characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy and was described by a sigmoidal curve (R (2) ≥ 0.990) which gave ...
Lewis Hannah B HB MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK. - - 2012
To identify and compare suggested food portion sizes in UK schemes. The study collated and compared suggested portion sizes from selected UK schemes intended both for general advice and weight-loss advice. Portion size schemes were included if they were relevant to the UK, provided actual portion size information, were intended ...
Breault-Turcot Julien - - 2012
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensing has matured into a valuable analytical technique for measurements related to biomolecules, environmental contaminants, and the food industry. Contemporary SPR instruments are mainly suitable for laboratory-based measurements. However, several point-of-measurement applications would benefit from simple, small, portable and inexpensive sensors to assess the health condition ...
Tan Angel - - 2012
Easily digested: SiO(2) -lipid hybrid microparticles with specific nanostructured interiors were generated from submicrometer-sized emulsion templates based on mesoporous and non-porous silica nanoparticles. These functional lipid-based microparticles can be used to mimic the pharmaceutical food effect and enhance drug absorption by controlling the enzymatic digestion of lipid colloids (see scheme; ...
Araújo Emiliane A - - 2012
Given the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the need to synthesize new antimicrobials, silver has attracted interest in the scientific community because of its recognized antimicrobial activity. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles (NP) obtained by a new method and tested at concentrations of ...
Nguyen T A - - 2012
Shellfish consumption may be a significant pathway to food contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides and phycotoxins. Currently, little information exists about consumption of shellfish in Vietnam. Such data could be of interest in terms of nutritional value or risk assessment. Consumption of shellfish was assessed using a food frequency ...
Rabiul Islam G M - - 2012
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of food insecurity derived from non-cereal food consumption on nutritional status of children and mothers in a poverty-prone region in Bangladesh. Data from the Bangladesh Nutritional Surveillance Project, 2005 of Helen Keller International were used to relate non-cereal food consumption ...
Rebe Raz Sabina - - 2012
Silver nanoparticles are recognized as effective antimicrobial agents and have been implemented in various consumer products including washing machines, refrigerators, clothing, medical devices, and food packaging. Alongside the silver nanoparticles benefits, their novel properties have raised concerns about possible adverse effects on biological systems. To protect consumer's health and the ...
Kämmer Evelyn - - 2012
UV-SERS measurements offer a great potential for environmental or food (detection of food contaminats) analytics. Here, the UV-SERS enhancement potential of various kinds of metal colloids, such as Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, Au-Ag core-shell, and Ag-Au core-shell with different shapes and sizes, were studied using melamine as a test molecule. ...
Costa Suzane Mota Marques - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the influence of food advertising and television exposure on eating behaviour and nutritional status of children and adolescents. It was a cross sectional study developed among 116 students from a private school in Brazil. Socio-demographic and health conditions were evaluated. Anthropometric data, food consumption, physical ...
Dehalu Vincent - - 2012
Nanotechnologies are finding a growing range of applications in the food sector. Nanoparticles are used notably to add vitamins and other nutrients to foods and beverages without affecting taste and color. They are also used to develop new tastes, preserve food texture, control the release of flavors, improve the bioavailability ...
Sai Elangovan S - - 2012
Microzooplankton consisting of protists and metazoa <200 μm. It displays unique feeding mechanisms and behaviours that allow them to graze cells up to five times their own volume. They can grow at rates which equal or exceed prey growth and can serve as a viable food source for metazoans. Moreover, ...
Sk Md Palashuddin - - 2012
We report the finding of the presence of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) in different carbohydrate based food caramels, viz. bread, jaggery, sugar caramel, corn flakes and biscuits, where the preparation involves heating of the starting material. The CNPs were amorphous in nature; the particles were spherical having sizes in the range ...
Caligiuri S - - 2012
Objective: To identify longitudinal food group consumption trends and the relationship to perceived changes in diet, health, and functioning. Design: A prospective longitudinal study. Setting: Canada Participants: Seven hundred and thirty-six community-dwelling Canadian men (mean age: 2000=79.4 yrs; 2005=84.5 yrs) participating in the Manitoba Follow-up Study. Measurements: Self-reported food consumption, ...
Novak Sara - - 2012
Nanoparticles of titanium dioxide are one of most widely used nanomaterials in different products in everyday use and in industry, but very little is known about their effects on non- target cells and tissues. Terrestrial isopods were exposed to food dosed with nano-TiO(2) to give final nominal concentration 1000 and ...
Cedervall Tommy - - 2012
Nano-sized (10(-9)-10(-7) m) particles offer many technical and biomedical advances over the bulk material. The use of nanoparticles in cosmetics, detergents, food and other commercial products is rapidly increasing despite little knowledge of their effect on organism metabolism. We show here that commercially manufactured polystyrene nanoparticles, transported through an aquatic ...
Yeo In-Cheol - - 2012
Bacillus subtilis SC-8 is a Gram-positive bacterium displaying narrow antagonistic activity for the Bacillus cereus group. B. subtilis SC-8 was isolated from Korean traditional fermented-soybean food. Here we report the draft genome sequence of B. subtilis SC-8, including biosynthetic genes for antibiotics that may have beneficial effects for control of ...
Diamanti Jacopo - - 2012
Increasing antioxidant levels in fruit through breeding is an important option to support higher antioxidant intake particularly when fruit consumption is low. Indeed, if nutritional components are also combined with a high standard of sensorial fruit quality, the perspective for consumer health can be further improved by encouraging more fruit ...
Moubarac Jean-Claude - - 2012
Little is known about the situational contexts in which individuals consume processed sources of dietary sugars. This study aimed to describe the situational contexts associated with the consumption of sweetened food and drink products in a Catholic Middle Eastern Canadian community. A two-stage exploratory sequential mixed-method design was employed with ...
Iranon Nicole N - - 2012
The ability to sense and respond to stressful conditions is essential to maintain organismal homeostasis. It has long been recognized that stress response factors that improve survival in changing conditions can also influence longevity. In this review, we discuss different strategies used by animals in response to decreased O(2) (hypoxia) ...
Suyama K - - 2011
With the widespread consumption of milk, the complete characterization of the constituents of milk and milk products is important in terms of functionality and safety. In this study, a novel nonreducing carbohydrate was separated from powdered skim milk and was identified using electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry (m/z 385.1[M + H(+)]), ...
Cie Li Ska Anna - - 2011
The aim of this study was to quantify ?-casomorphin-7 in raw, hydrolyzed and processed milk in different stages of the cow lactation. The obtained results lead to the following conclusion: the highest amount of ?-casomorphin-7 released from the hydrolyzed and processed milk is related to the ?-casein A1 allele, irrespective ...
Zeng Wei-Cai - - 2011
The antibacterial activity of water-soluble extract from pine needles of Cedrus deodara (WEC) was evaluated on five food-borne bacteria, and its related mechanism was investigated by transmission electron microscope. In vitro antibacterial assay showed that WEC possesses a remarkable antibacterial activity against tested food-borne bacteria including Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, ...
Hume M E - - 2011
Applications of antimicrobials in food production and human health have found favor throughout human history. Antibiotic applications in agricultural and human medical arenas have resulted in tremendous increases in food animal production and historically unprecedented gains in human health protection. Successes attributed to widespread antibiotic use have been accompanied by ...
Park Jin Young JY Section of Nutrition and Metabolism, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert-Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France. - - 2012
Folate plays an important role in the synthesis and methylation of DNA as a cofactor in one-carbon metabolism. Inadequate folate intake has been linked to adverse health events. However, comparable information on dietary folate intake across European countries has never been reported. The objective of the present study was to ...
Naranjo María - - 2011
A lethal intoxication case, which occurred in Brussels, Belgium, is described. A 20-year-old man died following the ingestion of pasta contaminated with Bacillus cereus. Emetic strains of B. cereus were isolated, and high levels of cereulide (14.8 μg/g) were found in the spaghetti meal.
Turpin Williams - - 2011
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) (n = 152) in African pearl millet slurries and in the metagenomes of amylaceous fermented foods were investigated by screening 33 genes involved in probiotic and nutritional functions. All isolates belonged to six species of the genera Pediococcus and Lactobacillus, and Lactobacillus fermentum was the dominant ...
Paludi D - - 2011
There is increasing concern about the impact on public health of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) associated with animal food products. MRSA remains a serious problem because of the high incidence and multidrug resistance of the strains, even for strains isolated from foods, food environments and food handlers. The objectives of ...
Suckling David Maxwell - - 2011
Argentine ant trail pheromone disruption, using continuous release of the trail pheromone compound (Z)-9-hexadecanal, reduces the incidence of trails and foraging rates of field populations. However, little is known about the concentrations of pheromone required for successful disruption. We hypothesized that higher pheromone quantities would be necessary to disrupt larger ...
Colonna A - - 2011
Eight hundred ninety consumers at a local food festival were surveyed about their specialty cheese purchasing behavior and asked to taste and rate, through nonforced choice preference, 1 of 4 cheese pairs (Cheddar and Gouda) made from pasteurized and raw milks. The purpose of the survey was to examine consumers' ...
Qiao Rong - - 2011
To investigate relations between milk consumption and lactose intolerance (LI) in adults and to explore the effect of milk consumption on lactase activity. Total of 182 subjects aged 20-70 years were recruited and interviewed by questionnaires, and their accumulative cow's milk intake (AMI) was calculated. LI was evaluated by hydrogen ...
Marshall Bonnie M - - 2011
Antimicrobials are valuable therapeutics whose efficacy is seriously compromised by the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance. The provision of antibiotics to food animals encompasses a wide variety of nontherapeutic purposes that include growth promotion. The concern over resistance emergence and spread to people by nontherapeutic use of antimicrobials has ...
Jaiswal A K - - 2011
Cabbage is a rich source of a number of bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, glucosinolates and their breakdown products which may have antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer properties. Outer green leaves of York cabbage were extracted with 60% methanol, ethanol or acetone. Antibacterial activities of vacuum dried crude extracts were estimated ...
Fardet Anthony - - 2011
Plant-based foods (PBF) are relevant and diversified sources of lipotropes, which are compounds preventing excess hepatic fat deposits. In a first study, we defined the lipotropic capacity (LC, %) of raw PBF as the means of 8 lipotrope densities (LD, mg/100 kcal), each expressed relative to that of a reference ...
Aidoo Herta - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The rheological properties of chocolate, based upon its acceptability by consumers, are determined largely by the ingredients and their proportions used in the formulations. Milk chocolates are very popular because milk provides flavour and smooth texture to the product. This study aimed to determine the optimal ingredient formulation for ...
Devries T J - - 2011
The standing and lying behavior patterns of dairy cows, particularly the length of time cows spend standing after milking, have the potential to influence the incidence of intramammary infection (IMI). The objectives were to describe the standing and lying behavior patterns of cows milked with an automatic milking system (AMS) ...
Llull Rosa - - 2011
Aims: To assess compliance with the 2010 nutritional objectives for the Spanish population in the Balearic Islands' adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional nutrition survey was carried out in adolescents (n = 1,231). Dietary habits were assessed by means of 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour recalls and a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Differences in ...
Regev-Tobias Hadas - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Immigration from Third World countries to the developed world is characterized by modification of lifestyle and acculturation to local customs. This study investigated changes in nutritional status and eating behaviors in female Ethiopian immigrants in Israel. METHODS: Personal interviews, two 24-h dietary recalls, and anthropometric measurements were carried out ...
Obladen Michael - - 2011
Disturbed neurulation fascinated scientists of all times. In Egypt, anencephalic infants were venerated as animal-headed gods. Roman law required them to be killed. The medieval world held the mother responsible, either because of assumed imagination or "miswatching," or because of suspected intercourse with animals or devils. Modern embryology and teratology ...
Modric Tomislav - - 2011
Antibiotics are among the most widely prescribed drugs and are generally considered safe for the target species. However, their use has been associated with various adverse toxic effects in target animals, such as allergic reactions, gastrointestinal signs, cardiovascular effects, hypoglycemia, hepatic/renal toxicity, thrombocytopenia, and anaphylaxis. This article provides a qualitative ...
Taruscio Domenica - - 2011
Birth defects (BDs) are an important public health problem, due to their overall incidence, occurring in 2-3% of live births in European Union. Neural tube defects (NTDs) are among major NTDs, due to their severity and relatively high incidence; in the meanwhile NTDs are also the most effectively preventable BDs ...
Hromi-Fiedler Amber A Office of Community Health, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, 135 College Street, Suite 200, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. - - 2012
To document nutrient and food group serving intakes from food sources among Latina subgroups living in the same geographical area. A cross-sectional study. Nutrient and food group serving intakes were assessed by means of a 24 h recall administered immediately after a prenatal survey. Hartford, CT, USA. A total of ...
Shaw Gary M - - 2011
We investigated multiple sources of folate and folic acid to determine whether their periconceptional intakes were associated with preterm delivery. Studied were controls from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study delivered September 1998 to December 2005. Telephone interviews were conducted with 5952 (68% of eligible) mothers. Women were queried about ...
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