Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 776
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wei Yudan - - 2013
Exposure to inorganic arsenic in the general population occurs mainly from drinking water and food sources. This study examined the association between rice consumption and urinary concentrations of arsenic in US adults, aged 20-85 years, in the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Significantly higher geometric means of creatinine-corrected urinary ...
Taylor Charlotte - - 2013
Aims Although previous research has shown the Food Dudes programme increases children's fruit and vegetable consumption at school, the evidence for the effectiveness in the home setting is more equivocal. The school environment is identified as a logical setting for targeting children's fruit and vegetable consumption; however, to produce sustainable ...
Murphy Cara M CM Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA - - 2013
Objective Impulsive personality traits have been robustly associated with alcohol and drug misuse, but have received little attention in the context of food addiction. The goal of the current study was to examine the interrelationships between impulsive personality traits, food addiction, and Body Mass Index (BMI), including indirect pathways of ...
Poti Jennifer M - - 2013
Although fast food consumption has been linked to adverse health outcomes, the relative contribution of fast food itself compared with the rest of the diet to these associations remains unclear. Our objective was to compare the independent associations with overweight/obesity or dietary outcomes for fast food consumption compared with dietary ...
Esmaillzadeh Ahmad A Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 81745-151, - - 2013
To explore the association between consumption of spicy foods and prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) among Iranian adults. In this cross-sectional study, data from 4763 Iranian adult participants were used. Consumption of spicy foods was estimated using a dietary habits questionnaire that included a question on spicy foods consumption: ...
Garbinsky Emily N - - 2013
Does liking or wanting predict the delay between consumption episodes? Although these psychological processes are correlated, we find that memory for liking, rather than wanting, determines the number of days that pass until the consumption of a food is repeated. Experiment 1 found that liking (but not wanting) for a ...
Griffin John N JN Department of Biosciences, Wallace Building, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA28PP United Kingdom. - - 2013
It is well established that species richness of primary producers and primary consumers can enhance efficiency of resource uptake and biomass production of respective trophic levels. At the level of secondary consumers (predators), however, conclusions about the functional role of biodiversity have been mixed. We take advantage of a recent ...
Barclay Alan W - - 2013
In 2011, Barclay and Brand-Miller reported the observation that trends in refined sugar consumption in Australia were the inverse of trends in overweight and obesity (The Australian Paradox). Rikkers et al. claim that the Australian Paradox is based on incomplete data because the sources utilised did not incorporate estimates for ...
Hansel Boris - - 2013
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Related dietary habits and lifestyle may bias assessment of the relationship between alcohol intake and health status. We examined the relationship between key features relating to the consumption of alcoholic beverages and individual profiles of objective food purchases. Data ...
Adjoian Tamar - - 2013
Obesity is a national public health concern linked to numerous chronic health conditions among Americans of all age groups. Evidence suggests that discretionary calories from sugary drink consumption have been a significant contributor to excess caloric intake among both children and adults. Research has established strong links between retail food ...
Stevens Laura J - - 2013
Artificial food colors (AFCs) are widely used to color foods and beverages. The amount of AFCs the Food and Drug Administration has certified over the years has increased more than 5-fold since 1950 (12 mg/capita/day) to 2012 (68 mg/capita/day). In the past 38 years, there have been studies of adverse ...
Talukder Suman S a Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute , Izatnagar , -243122 , - - 2013
ABSTRACT India stood first for millet production in the world and plays a significant role in meat production and consumption too. To meet up the demand of health conscious consumers for healthy and nutritious meat food item, the incorporation of millet grains and its byproducts to the meat products by ...
Kameya Hiromi - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered to be causative agents of many health problems. In spite of this, the radical-specific scavenging capacities of food samples have not been well studied. In the present work, we have developed an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin trapping method for analysis of the scavenging ...
Rosalino Luís Miguel - - 2013
Fruits are highly important food resources for mammals in Mediterranean Europe, and due to the dominance of oaks (Quercus sp.), acorns are among those used by a vast array of species, including rodents. The metabolic yield of acorn intake may determine a selection pattern: preference for fat, carbohydrate, and consequently ...
Perin Milena Sia - - 2013
to evaluate the relationship between the behaviors of salt consumption and socio-demographic and clinical variables. sodium consumption was evaluated using the methods: self-reporting (considering 3 different behaviors related to salt consumption), 24- hr dietary recall, discretionary salt, food frequency questionnaire, estimation of total sodium intake and 24-hr urinary excretion of ...
Rao M Srinivasa MS Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad-500 059, India. - - 2013
The growth, development and consumption of four successive generations of semilooper, Achaea janato reared on castor (Ricinus communis L.) foliage grown under elevated carbon dioxide (550 and 700 parts per million ) concentrations in open top chambers were estimated at Hyderabad, India. Significantly lower leaf nitrogen, higher carbon, higher relative ...
Dubowitz G - - 2013
Pulse oximetry is a standard of care during anaesthesia in high-income countries. However, 70% of operating environments in low- and middle-income countries have no pulse oximeter. The 'Lifebox' oximetry project set out to bridge this gap with an inexpensive oximeter meeting CE (European Conformity) and ISO (International Organization for Standardization) ...
Wijtzes Anne I - - 2013
To examine the associations between maternal educational level and preschoolers' consumption of high-calorie snacks and sugar-containing beverages, and to assess the mediating effects of variables relating to the family food environment. We analyzed data from 2814 native Dutch preschoolers enrolled in a birth cohort study in Rotterdam (the Netherlands), between ...
Ng Longena - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to extend existing work that examines the role of cravings in Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The current study uses a case-control design to establish a relationship between cravings and food exposure, and between cravings and food consumption in individuals diagnosed with BED. Twenty-nine females ...
Oluwole O S A - - 2013
Abstract Exposure to cyanide is a major public health problem where highly cyanogenic cassava foods are consumed. Thiocyanate (SCN), the biomarker of exposure to cyanide is present in several foods, and produced endogenously. Concentrations of urine SCN were measured in endemic and non-endemic areas of ataxic polyneuropathy in Nigeria. Cassava ...
Thorp Alicia A - - 2013
Television (TV) viewing time is positively associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adults. However, the mechanisms through which TV viewing time is associated with MetS risk remain unclear. There is evidence that the consumption of energy-dense, nutrient poor snack foods increases during TV viewing time among adults, suggesting that ...
Sayon-Orea C - - 2013
There is scarce evidence from long-term prospective studies relating the consumption of fried foods with the incidence of Metabolic Syndrome (MS). The aim of this study was to assess the association between fried food consumption and the incidence of MS. We followed 8289 participants (2813 men and 5476 women, mean ...
Block Jason P JP Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School/Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, - - 2013
In this commentary, we argue for the implementation of a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax as a tool to help address the global obesity and diabetes epidemics. Consumption of SSBs has increased exponentially over the last several decades, a trend that has been an important contributor to the obesity and diabetes ...
Sperling Erik A EA Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. - - 2013
The Proterozoic-Cambrian transition records the appearance of essentially all animal body plans (phyla), yet to date no single hypothesis adequately explains both the timing of the event and the evident increase in diversity and disparity. Ecological triggers focused on escalatory predator-prey "arms races" can explain the evolutionary pattern but not ...
Cirino Ana Carolina Lima - - 2013
To investigate the consumption of foods with voluntary fortification of vitamins and minerals (FVFVM) according to demographic, socio-economic and health characteristics. A cross-sectional population-based study. The investigated food groups were selected in two stages according to availability of food in the local market and prevalence of food consumption in a ...
Chakravorty Jharna - - 2013
A consolidated list of edible insects used in the eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh (N.E. India) by Wangcho (Wancho) and Nocte tribes of the Tirap District and the Shingpo, Tangsa, Deori and Chakma of the Changlang District has been prepared. The list is based on thorough, semi-structured field-interviews with 20 ...
Fraga Cesar G - - 2013
One of the strategies most commonly used to assess a free radical-antioxidant balance in chemical and biological systems is the determination of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC). A large amount of research has been published using TAC. However, it remains unclear which is the significance of these investigations for understanding ...
Carbonell-Capella Juana M - - 2013
Comprehensive research is required to achieve the optimization of the antioxidant protection through baby foods, in particular, the commercially available fruit-based baby foods. This study investigated the physicochemical properties, ascorbic acid (AA), total carotenoids (TC), total phenolic content (TPC), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) ...
Nishino Masayuki - - 2013
Food-additive grades of capsanthin, lutein, lycopene, and β-carotene dispersed in aqueous solutions were photo-irradiated using a Xenon weather meter, and the levels of carotenoids were measured by HPLC and the absorbance method. Capsanthin photo-degraded more rapidly than the carotenoids tested, with less oxygen consumption. Unlike carotenes, capsanthin was partially converted ...
Robinson Eric - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Consumption of high calorie junk foods has increased recently, especially among young adults and higher intake may cause weight gain. There is a need to develop public health approaches to motivate people to reduce their intake of junk food. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of health and social norm ...
Moubarac Jean-Claude - - 2013
This paper tests the hypothesis that one important factor determining household availability of ready-to-consume products is their cost relative to the rest of the diet. National food expenditure surveys in the UK (2008) and Brazil (2008-09) were used. Purchased food quantities were converted into dietary energy (calories) and classified into ...
Usta Coskun - - 2013
Abstract In recent years, the therapeutic use of non-drug substances such as herbal and medicinal foods is increasing progressively. Of these substances, Punica granatum L., which is an ancient and highly distinctive fruit, has been proposed for treatment of several different illnesses. Ellagic acid (EA) is one of those biological ...
Krull Abe Sarah - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess how the frequency of low fruit and vegetable consumption has changed in countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU) between 2001 and 2010 and to identify factors associated with low consumption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys. A standard questionnaire was administered at both time points to examine fruit and ...
Tian Fang - - 2013
Active packaging is an innovative strategy in preventing lipid oxidation. Different active substances with different mechanisms of action have been investigated for imparting antioxidant activity to active packaging systems, including free radical scavengers, metal chelators, ultraviolet (UV) absorbers, oxygen scavengers, and singlet oxygen quenchers. Antioxidant agents have been incorporated into ...
Penaforte Fernanda Ro - - 2013
The hypothesis of this study was that greater sugar consumption at breakfast promotes a stronger sensation of hunger and a later increase in energy consumption. The objective was to assess the relation between sugar consumption in a meal and the subsequent sensations of hunger and ad libitum food consumption. Sixteen ...
Villamar Cristina Alejandra - - 2013
Differences in biodegradability can affect the treatment of slurry before its use in spraying. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the generation and physical-chemical characterization of swine and dairy cattle slurries on different biological treatment technologies. This research involved monthly sampling (number/composition) for 1 year ...
Cui Guoting - - 2013
The Fructus Jujubae has been widely used as favorable food and folk medicine in China and Russia. In this study, we compared the carbohydrate constituents and antioxidative effects of Fructus Jujubae polysaccharides from five different production areas in South Xinjiang. Results demonstrated that the average annual temperature (r=0.590) and frost-free ...
Coelho Jennifer - - 2013
The cue-reactivity model, which is based on conditioning processes, posits that repeated food exposure (in the absence of consumption) should decrease cue reactivity. To examine whether repeated chocolate exposure attenuates cravings and intake, relative to those exposed to an acute cue, a 2 (repeated vs acute cue) × 2 (restrained ...
Wu Yi-Ju - - 2013
This study investigated impact of food to microorganism (F/M) ratio and colloidal chemical oxygen demand (COD) on nitrification performance in one full-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) treating monoethanolamine (MEA)/dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-containing thin film transistor liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) wastewater. Poor nitrification was observed under high organic loading and high colloidal COD ...
Fernandes Richard - - 2013
The importance of food safety has resulted in a demand for a more rapid, high-throughput method for total viable count (TVC). The industry standard for TVC determination (ISO 4833:2003) is widely used but presents users with some drawbacks. The method is materials- and labor-intensive, requiring multiple agar plates per sample. ...
Gutiérrez Orlando M OM Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0006, USA. - - 2013
Sodium- and phosphorus-based food additives are among the most commonly consumed nutrients in the world. This is because both have diverse applications in processed food manufacturing, leading to their widespread use by the food industry. Since most foods are naturally low in salt, sodium additives almost completely account for the ...
Janjarasskul Theeranun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Incorporation of ascorbic acid (AA) in whey protein isolate (WPI) films has been shown to increase the film's ability to protect foods from oxidation. The O2 -scavenging function of AA-WPI-films could be triggered upon being placed in contact with food products. Several food-related factors hypothesized to act as triggering ...
Pujos-Guillot Estelle - - 2013
Elucidation of the relationships between genotype, diet and health requires accurate dietary assessment. In intervention and epidemiological studies, dietary assessment usually relies on questionnaires, which are susceptible to recall bias. An alternative approach is to quantify biomarkers of intake in biofluids, but few such markers have been validated so far. ...
Siervo Mario - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The nutrition transition model provides an integrated approach to analyse global changes in food consumption and lifestyle patterns. Whether variability in food availability for consumption, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors is associated with the worldwide prevalence distribution of overweight, obesity and hypertension is unclear. DESIGN: Ecological analysis. SETTING: Country-specific prevalence ...
Garcia Ada L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate longitudinally the effectiveness of a cooking programme on self-reported confidence about cooking skills and food consumption patterns in parents of young children. DESIGN: An evaluation of cooking programmes delivered by National Health Service (NHS) community food workers using a single group pre-test/post-test repeated measures design. A shortened ...
Christensen Jennie R - - 2013
We characterize the uptake and loss of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) by sampling and analyzing their terrestrial and marine foods and fecal material from a remote coastal watershed in British Columbia. We estimate that grizzly bears consume 341 to 1,120 µg of polychlorinated biphenyls ...
Brownlee Iain A IA The Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, - - 2013
Previous (mainly population-based) studies have suggested the health benefits of the elective, lifelong inclusion of whole-grain foods in the diet, forming the basis for public health recommendations to increase whole grain consumption. Currently, there is limited evidence to assess how public health recommendations can best result in longer-term improvements in ...
Arcifa Ms - - 2013
The focus of this study is to investigate if microcrustaceans undergo diel horizontal migration (DHM) in a tropical shallow lake on a yearly basis and analyse the adaptive value regarding predation. Abundance of invertebrate predators, chaoborid larvae and water mites, and microcrustaceans (cladocerans and copepods) were evaluated on a monthly ...
Franco Amanda Da Silva - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of activities promoting the consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV) in the workplace. METHODS: Intervention study with historical control group conducted in a public company in Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, between 2007 and 2009. It consisted of three stages: (a) baseline, which included the ...
Shpigelman Avi - - 2013
We investigated the mechanisms of the protection conferred by sugars to epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) against deterioration. Additionally, we present a rapid method for evaluating the deterioration rate of EGCG using absorbance spectroscopy. We found that various sugars provided different levels of protection at identical weight percentage, and the combination of sugars ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >