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Janmaat Alida F AF Biology Department, University of the Fraser Valley, 33844 King Rd., Abbotsford, BC, Canada V2S 7M8. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is becoming increasingly clear that the impact of low doses of an environmental stressor, such as Bacillus thuringiensis, can often not be predicted from high dose experiments, and the impact of these effects on the evolution of resistance has received little attention. In the present study, we examined the ...
Röckmann Heike - - 2014
Limited data are available on the frequency of IgE mediated food sensitization and food allergy (FA) in adults with atopic dermatitis (AD). We investigated the pattern of food sensitization in adults with AD in relation to AD severity using multiplexed allergen microarray. 211 adult patients referred between January 2010-July 2011 ...
- - 2014
I can never resist good food, good wine, and research funding. My favorite foods are hot pot and soup.
Xing Xiaonan X College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, People's Republic of - - 2014
Various ready-to-eat (RTE) foods are becoming increasingly popular in the world and could be easily contaminated with various microorganisms including certain pathogens. A total of 342 RTE food samples, including 32 cooked meats, 123 vegetable salads, 26 boiled peanuts, 109 cold noodles, and 52 dried tofu samples, were collected in ...
Lehto Elviira E 1 Folkhälsan Research Center, Paasikivenkatu 4, 00250 Helsinki, - - 2014
To examine which factors act as mediators between parental educational level and children's fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in ten European countries. Cross-sectional data were collected in ten European countries participating in the PRO GREENS project (2009). Schoolchildren completed a validated FFQ about their daily F&V intake and filled in ...
Martinez M M Food and Drug Administration, Center for Veterinary Medicine, Rockville, MD, - - 2014
Antimicrobial resistance is a global challenge that impacts both human and veterinary health care. The resilience of microbes is reflected in their ability to adapt and survive in spite of our best efforts to constrain their infectious capabilities. As science advances, many of the mechanisms for microbial survival and resistance ...
Shanehbandi Dariush D 0000-0002-9449-0607 Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Traditional dairy products are potential sources of a variety of microorganisms which participate in food poisoning. Staphylococcus aureus is a conspicuous example of toxigenic bacteria causative for food-borne diseases. Moreover, resistance to methicillin is a prominent index in food hygiene studies. In the present study, we have aimed at characterization ...
Burney P G J PG Department of Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
Complaints of 'food allergy' are increasing. Standardized surveys of IgE sensitization to foods are still uncommon and multicountry surveys are rare. We have assessed IgE sensitization to food-associated allergens in different regions of Europe using a common protocol. Participants from general populations aged 20-54 years in eight European centres (Zurich, Madrid, ...
Basch Corey Hannah CH William Paterson University. - - 2014
Obesity rates among American youth have prompted an examination of food advertisements geared towards children. Research indicates children's high exposure to these advertisements and their influence on food preferences. Less is known about the presence of these advertisements in parenting magazines. This study's objective was to examine prevalence of food ...
Anwar Ghada M GM Pediatric department, Cairo University, - - 2013
Nesfatin-1 is an anorexigenic peptide that controls feeding behavior and glucose homeostasis. However, there is little data exists regarding nesfatin-1 secretion in obese children and young adolescents. The aim of this study is to investigate serum nesfatin-1 in childhood and adolescent obesity and to study potential correlations with food intake, ...
Campbell Jonathan A - - 2013
Abstract Infections from antibiotic-resistant bacteria are a major concern for human health professionals around the world. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is just one of the resistant organisms of concern. MRSA prevalence has also been recently reported in retail meat products at rates higher than originally thought. Although the risk of ...
Rajan Jessica P JP Division of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, Calif. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is defined as the presence of urticaria most days of the week for a period of 6 weeks or longer. There have been reports of food additive sensitivity in CIU previously, but the prevalence has not been precisely determined. To determine the prevalence of reactions to ...
Zhang Huanxin - - 2013
The chemical composition, rheological and gelatinization characteristics of waxy wheat flour were investigated. Compared with wheat flour, waxy wheat flour has lower protein (9.52%), amylase (1.02%) and higher crude starch (73.19%) contents. Because of its different chemical composition, waxy wheat flour exhibited some better processing characteristics (water-holding capacity, dough development ...
- - 2014
Because of concerns about serious cardiovascular side effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration asked Ariad Pharmaceuticals to temporarily suspend sales and marketing of ponatinib to treat chronic myeloid leukemia in patients resistant to first-line therapy.
Stecchini Mara Lucia ML Department of Food Science, via Sondrio 2/a, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy. - - 2013
Control of bacterial spores is one of the major problem in the food preservation. Spores of Bacillus genus are commonly present in different environments, including soil and the gut of insects and animals and, as a result, they can be spread to all kind of foods. Due to their high ...
van Rhijn B D BD Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the - - 2013
EoE patients show variable sensitization patterns to food and aeroallergens. The value of allergy testing in adult EoE patients is unclear. Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) may offer additional insights into sensitization patterns. The aim of this study was to characterize sensitization patterns in adult EoE patients using CRD. Serum from 76 ...
Hoseini Seyyed Morteza - - 2013
An 8-week trial was conducted to investigate the effect of ambient copper (Cu) on growth performance, physiological characteristics and stress resistance of Caspian roach, Rutilus rutilus caspicus. Fish were exposed to 0 (control), 0.02, 0.04 and 0.06 ppm Cu, and their food intake and growth performance were fortnightly recorded. Also, ...
Lamberth Clemens - - 2013
Crop protection chemistry has come a long way from its "alchemic" beginnings in the late 19th century to a high-tech science that supports the sustainable production of food, feed, and fiber for a rapidly growing population. Cutting-edge developments in the design and synthesis of agrochemicals help to tackle today's challenges ...
Acar J F JF OIE Expert of the Adhoc Group on Antimicrobials, 22 rue Emeriau, 75015 Paris, France. - - 2013
Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in commensal, zoonotic and pathogenic bacteria from humans, animals and food is an essential source of information when formulating measures to improve food safety. International organisations (the World Health Organization, the World Organisation for Animal Health, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and ...
Joussain P - - 2013
A study of olfactory function was performed in 15 bronchial cancer patients receiving cisplatin and 15 control subjects. Whereas odor detection and odor identification abilities were not influenced by the administration of cisplatin, a decrease in pleasantness was observed only for food odors, and not for non-food odors. Taken as ...
Ho J - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus contaminating raw meat may increase nasal colonization risk for occupationally-exposed food handlers. Food handlers from six catering establishments were nasally sampled for S. aureus and completed a questionnaire on carriage risk factors. Isolates were characterized for antibiotic susceptibility, spa type and, for methicillin-resistant strains, SCCmec type. Of 434 ...
Brown Robert L - - 2013
Aflatoxin contamination caused by Aspergillus flavus infection of corn is a significant and chronic threat to corn being used as food or feed. Contamination of crops at levels of 20 ng g(-1) or higher (as regulated by the USFDA) by this toxin and potent carcinogen makes the crop unsalable, resulting in a ...
Barbarich-Marsteller Nicole C - - 2013
Activity-based anorexia is a translational rodent model that results in severe weight loss, hyperactivity, and voluntary self-starvation. The goal of our investigation was to identify vulnerable and resistant phenotypes of activity-based anorexia in adolescent female rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were maintained under conditions of restricted access to food (N = 64; or unlimited ...
Papaioannou Maria A - - 2013
To examine the moderating effects of feeding styles on the relationship between food parenting practices and fruit and vegetable (F & V) intake in low-income families with preschool-aged children. Focus group meetings with Head Start parents were conducted by using the nominal group technique. Parents completed information on food parenting ...
Goossens Nicole J - - 2013
Food allergic children are at least partially dependent on their parents to care for their food allergy. In addition, parents are often responsible for the education of others regarding food allergy, including the family, school, neighbors, and friends. The aim of this study was to investigate food allergy knowledge, attitudes, ...
Cluss Patricia A - - 2013
Minority and low-income children are overrepresented among obese US children. Lack of basic nutrition knowledge among parents may contribute to this disparity. The purpose of this study is to measure nutrition knowledge of parents of Medicaid-insured obese children using a simple low-literacy tool. Parents, recruited from pediatric clinics, demonstrated their ...
Dodevska Margarita S - - 2013
The typical Serbian diet is characterised by high intake of cereal products and also legumes are often used. The content of total fibre as well as certain fibre fractions was determined in cereals, cereal products, and cooked legumes. The content of total fibre in cooked cereals and cereal products ranged ...
Ohly Heather - - 2013
In order to develop successful interventions to improve children's diets, the factors influencing food choice need to be understood. Parental food involvement - the level of importance of food in a person's life - may be one of many important factors. The aim of this study was to determine whether ...
Chua Xiuzhen - - 2013
Latex allergy and its clinical presentation are rising in prevalence across the globe, especially amongst patients with spina bifida (SB). While studies have been well-established in Europe and America, data from Asia are limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the scenario in Singapore. 35 subjects with SB, ...
Rodríguez-Beltrán Jerónimo J Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, - - 2013
Animal fodder is routinely complemented with antibiotics together with other food supplements to improve growth. For instance, sepiolite is currently used as a dietary coadjuvant in animal feed, as it increases animal growth parameters and improves meat and derived final product quality. This type of food additive has so far ...
Pampush James D - - 2013
Traditionally, thick enamel has often been used to infer durophagy (i.e., hard nut and seed consumption) in extinct hominins. These inferences are based on the hypothesis that thick enamel is primarily an adaptation to prevent tooth fracture or chipping resulting from high-stress loads produced during the mastication of large hard ...
Thomas Elizabeth A - - 2013
While the majority of Americans are now overweight, some individuals maintain their weight with minimal effort. This study investigated behavioral differences between 58 individuals recruited as either obese-resistant (OR) or obese-prone (OP) based on self-identification, BMI, and personal/family weight history. Subjects were studied during Eucaloric (EU), Overfed (OF), and Underfed ...
Gunaratne Anil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hydrothermal treatment used in parboiling could induce formation of novel starch properties having potential food applications. In the current work, functional, digestible and retrogradation properties of flour from non-parboiled and steamed parboiled six rice varieties with high amylose content of around 30% but differing in length and width ratio ...
Kovacevic Jovana - - 2013
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), co-selection phenomenon, and the relationship between reduced susceptibility (RSC) to ciprofloxacin (CIP) and resistance to other antimicrobials in Listeria spp. (n = 103) recovered from food processing environments (FPE) and food were investigated. Resistance of Listeria monocytogenes and other listeriae, respectively, to cefoxitin (FOX; 98% vs. 88%), CIP (7% ...
Kim In-Hah - - 2013
  Insect-resistant films containing a microencapsulated insect-repelling agent were developed to protect food products from the Indian meal moth (Plodia interpunctella). Cinnamon oil (CO), an insect repelling agent, was encapsulated with gum arabic, whey protein isolate (WPI)/maltodextrin (MD), or poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). A low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film was coated with ...
Capita Rosa - - 2013
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria were first described in the 1940s, but whereas new antibiotics were being discovered at a steady rate, the consequences of this phenomenon were slow to be appreciated. At present, the paucity of new antimicrobials coming into the market has led to the problem of antibiotic resistance fast escalating ...
Janssens Lizanne - - 2013
Interactions between pollutants and suboptimal environmental conditions can have severe consequences for the toxicity of pollutants, yet are still poorly understood. To identify patterns across environmental conditions and across fitness-related variables we exposed Enallagma cyathigerum damselfly larvae to the pesticide chlorpyrifos at two food levels or at two temperatures and ...
Verraes Claire - - 2013
Antimicrobial resistant zoonotic pathogens present on food constitute a direct risk to public health. Antimicrobial resistance genes in commensal or pathogenic strains form an indirect risk to public health, as they increase the gene pool from which pathogenic bacteria can pick up resistance traits. Food can be contaminated with antimicrobial ...
Galeote Virginie - - 2013
The ascomycetous yeast Zygosaccharomyces bailii is one of the most problematic spoilage yeasts in food and beverage industries, due to its exceptional resistance to various stresses. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying these stress resistance phenotypes might help develop strategies to improve food quality. Thus, we determined and ...
van Denderen P Daniel - - 2013
Bottom trawls are a globally used fishing gear that physically disturb the seabed and kill non-target organisms, including those that are food for the targeted fish species. There are indications that ensuing changes to the benthic invertebrate community may increase the availability of food and promote growth and even fisheries ...
Musaad Salma M A - - 2013
Childhood obesity and asthma are on the rise in the U.S. Clinical and epidemiological data suggest a link between the two, in which overweight and obese children are at higher risk for asthma. Prevention of childhood obesity is preferred over treatment, however, in order to be receptive to messages, parents ...
Pazianas Michael - - 2013
Bisphosphonates are the major treatment of choice for osteoporosis, given that they are attached preferentially by bone and significantly reduce the risk of fractures. Oral bisphosphonates are poorly absorbed (usually less than 1% for nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates) and when taken with food or beverages create complexes that cannot be absorbed. For ...
Birt Diane F - - 2013
Ongoing research to develop digestion-resistant starch for human health promotion integrates the disciplines of starch chemistry, agronomy, analytical chemistry, food science, nutrition, pathology, and microbiology. The objectives of this research include identifying components of starch structure that confer digestion resistance, developing novel plants and starches, and modifying foods to incorporate ...
Patel Bhoomika M BM Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 382 481, - - 2013
The objective of the present investigation was to study the effect of combination of telmisartan with cisplatin in oral cancer cachexia induced by applying 0.5% 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) in propylene glycol to tongue, thrice a week for 8 weeks. From 8th to 22nd week, cisplatin (0.23 mg/kg, i.v.) was administered once in ...
Myers-Morales Tanya T Dept. of Microbiology, Immunology & Molecular Genetics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2013
The composition of the intestinal microbiota has wide reaching effects on the health of an individual, including the development of protective innate immune responses.  In this report, a fecal transplantation approach was used to determine whether resistance to food borne listeriosis was dependent on the murine gut microbiota.  Transplantation of ...
Petty Maria Luiza Blanques - - 2012
The present study aimed to translate the Parent Mealtime Action Scale (PMAS) into Portuguese and to evaluate the factorial structure and the psychometric characteristics of this version. Further, we investigated the associations between parent mealtime actions and the intake of fruits, vegetables and energy-dense foods in 6 to10 years-old children ...
Doyle M Ellin - - 2012
Food-borne intoxication, caused by heat-stable enterotoxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus, causes over 240,000 cases of food-borne illness in the United States annually. Other staphylococci commonly associated with animals may also produce these enterotoxins. Foods may be contaminated by infected food handlers during slaughter and processing of livestock or by cross-contamination ...
Campbell Sarah - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of children's food requests, and parents' experiences of food marketing directed towards children, in the supermarket environment. A mixed-method design was used. Firstly, intercept interviews were conducted with parents accompanied by a child/children on exiting supermarkets (sampled from a large ...
Ogden Jane - - 2012
Two naturalistic experiments are reported exploring the impact of parental restriction on children's diets. For study 1, 53 parents gave 75g of chocolate coins to their child over a weekend. For study 2, 86 parents were recruited prior to the two week Easter break when their children would be receiving ...
Udo Tomoko T Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, - - 2013
This pilot study adapted a well-established drug self-administration paradigm to examine the effects of mood induction on the ability to resist high-calorie foods and subsequent food consumption differently in 15 obese individuals (40.0% women, BMI: 35.1±3.70) and 15 non-obese individuals (46.7% women, BMI: 23.0±1.96). Participants completed two laboratory sessions (positive ...
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