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Sirinupong Nualpun N Nutraceuticals and Functional Food Research and Development Center, Prince of Songkla University, Kanchanavanich Road, Hat-Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. - - 2014
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that can lead to death at an early age. CF is characterized by respiratory infection, airway obstruction, inflammation, and eventually end-stage lung failure. CF also damages pancreatic exocrine function resulting in serious complications such as nutritional deficiencies. Current therapy to this multisystem disease ...
Greco Carola Beatriz CB Cátedra de Bromatologia, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the dietary pattern of two socio-culturally different populations, focusing on the vitamin A intake from breast milk and from the most commonly consumed complementary foods. Dietary surveys on six-month old infant feeding were administered to breastfeeding mothers in Jujuy (n= 44) and ...
Garcia Jorge P JP California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, San Bernardino, CA - - 2014
Clostridium septicum is the causative agent of histotoxic infections, including malignant edema and braxy (necrotizing abomasitis) in several animal species. The carcass of a 2-year-old, female New Zealand white rabbit with a history of acute depression and obtundation followed by death was received at the California Animal Health and Food ...
Garedew-Kifelew Legesse - - 2014
Salmonella species are among the most common food borne pathogens worldwide and their infection is one of the major global public health problems. During the last decade, multidrug-resistant Salmonella species have increased to a great deal, especially in developing countries. The prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Salmonella isolates among ...
Baek Ji Hyeon JH Department of Pediatrics, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, - - 2014
To investigate the association between serum vitamin D levels, sensitization to food allergens, and the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants. We investigated serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and specific immunoglobulin E levels to common or suspected food allergens in 226 infants with atopic dermatitis or food allergy. The severity of ...
- - 2014
I can never resist good food. My biggest motivation is to understand the principles behind interesting phenomena.
Durso Lisa M LM USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Agroecosystem Management Research Unit, 137 Keim Hall, UNL-East Campus, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antibiotic drugs provide clear benefits for food animal health and welfare, while simultaneously providing clear risks due to enrichment of resistant microorganisms. There is no consensus, however, on how to evaluate benefits and risks of antibiotic use in agriculture, or the impact on public health. Recent soil resistome work emphasizes ...
Baumgartner Andreas A Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office, Schwarzenburgstrasse 155, 3003 Bern, - - 2014
Staphylococcal food poisoning represents the most prevalent foodborne intoxication worldwide. Oral intake of staphylococcal enterotoxins from food can result in emesis and diarrhea and can be fatal in children and the elderly. Few data have been available on the characteristics and sources of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from ready-to-eat (RTE) ...
Tortik Nicole N Laboratory of Photodynamic Inactivation of Microorganisms, Department of Materials Science and Physics, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstrasse 34, Salzburg, Austria. - - 2014
Increasing antibiotic resistance is one of the world's greatest health problems. The food chain is an important factor in the transfer of resistant germs from animals to humans. This study focuses on photodynamic inactivation (PDI), employing curcumin bound to polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP-C) and NovaSol®-curcumin as photosensitizers, as potent tool for the ...
Russell Catherine G CG 1Faculty of Health,University of Technology,Sydney,Level 7,235 Jones Street,Ultimo NSW 2007 (PO Box - - 2014
The objective was to investigate parents' motives for selecting foods for their children and the associations between these motives and children's food preferences. Cross-sectional survey. A modified version of the Food Choice Questionnaire was used to assess parents' food choice motives. Parents also reported children's liking/disliking of 176 food and ...
Janmaat Alida F AF Biology Department, University of the Fraser Valley, 33844 King Rd., Abbotsford, BC, Canada V2S 7M8. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is becoming increasingly clear that the impact of low doses of an environmental stressor, such as Bacillus thuringiensis, can often not be predicted from high dose experiments, and the impact of these effects on the evolution of resistance has received little attention. In the present study, we examined the ...
Xing Xiaonan X College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, People's Republic of - - 2014
Various ready-to-eat (RTE) foods are becoming increasingly popular in the world and could be easily contaminated with various microorganisms including certain pathogens. A total of 342 RTE food samples, including 32 cooked meats, 123 vegetable salads, 26 boiled peanuts, 109 cold noodles, and 52 dried tofu samples, were collected in ...
Lehto Elviira E 1 Folkhälsan Research Center, Paasikivenkatu 4, 00250 Helsinki, - - 2014
To examine which factors act as mediators between parental educational level and children's fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in ten European countries. Cross-sectional data were collected in ten European countries participating in the PRO GREENS project (2009). Schoolchildren completed a validated FFQ about their daily F&V intake and filled in ...
Martinez M M Food and Drug Administration, Center for Veterinary Medicine, Rockville, MD, - - 2014
Antimicrobial resistance is a global challenge that impacts both human and veterinary health care. The resilience of microbes is reflected in their ability to adapt and survive in spite of our best efforts to constrain their infectious capabilities. As science advances, many of the mechanisms for microbial survival and resistance ...
Shanehbandi Dariush D 0000-0002-9449-0607 Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Traditional dairy products are potential sources of a variety of microorganisms which participate in food poisoning. Staphylococcus aureus is a conspicuous example of toxigenic bacteria causative for food-borne diseases. Moreover, resistance to methicillin is a prominent index in food hygiene studies. In the present study, we have aimed at characterization ...
Harb M R MR 1] NeuroAdaptations Group, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany [2] Institute of Life & Health Sciences (ICVS), University of Minho, Braga, - - 2014
Elevated glucocorticoid levels and sign tracking (ST) in Pavlovian conditioning are potential biomarkers of compulsive behaviors such as addiction. As overeating is sometimes viewed as a form of addictive behavior, we hypothesized that murine Pavlovian sign trackers would have a greater propensity to overeat and develop obesity. Using a food ...
Röckmann Heike H Department of Dermatology/Allergology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, G 02,124, 3584 Utrecht, CX, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Limited data are available on the frequency of IgE mediated food sensitization and food allergy (FA) in adults with atopic dermatitis (AD). We investigated the pattern of food sensitization in adults with AD in relation to AD severity using multiplexed allergen microarray. 211 adult patients referred between January 2010-July 2011 ...
Camargo Carlos Henrique CH Departamento de Microbiologia e Imunologia Instituto de Biociências de Botucatu Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" BotucatuSP Brazil ; Departamento de Clínica Médica Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" BotucatuSP - - 2014
We evaluated the frequency of enterococci from food and found 95.2% of positivity, being E. faecium and E. faecalis the most frequent species. High-level streptomycin resistance was observed, as well as gelatinase and hemolysis activity, showing the potential role of environmental strains as reservoir of virulence and resistance traits.
Hao Haihong H MOA Laboratory for Risk Assessment of Quality and Safety of Livestock and Poultry Products, Huazhong Agricultural University Wuhan, - - 2014
Benefits and risks of antimicrobial drugs, used in food-producing animals, continue to be complex and controversial issues. This review comprehensively presents the benefits of antimicrobials drugs regarding control of animal diseases, protection of public health, enhancement of animal production, improvement of environment, and effects of the drugs on biogas production ...
Capalonga Roberta R Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Institute of Food Science and Technology (ICTA/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. - - 2014
Previous studies have identified Salmonella as the main causative agent of foodborne diseases in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), southern Brazil, between 1997 and 2006. This study aimed to describe the Salmonella serotypes, antimicrobial patterns, and food vehicles of salmonellosis that occurred in RS between 2007 and ...
Grubliauskiene Aiste A Faculty of Economics and Business, KU Leuven Leuven, - - 2014
The abundance of calorie-dense low-nutrient food in everyday life raises the question as to how children deal with such opportunities. We investigate whether pre-exposure to the object of temptation in a situation that discourages consumption boosts children's ability to resist similar temptation subsequently. We show that 7-12-year-old boys, but not ...
Nazurah Bt Abdul Wahid Nurul Nor NN PAPRSB Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam , Bandar Seri Begawan , Brunei - - 2014
We studied respiratory problems among vendors exposed to cooking fumes in an open-air hawker center. Exposure to cooking fumes from either the use of fossil fuels or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) has been shown to be associated with adverse respiratory health effects. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 67 food ...
Burney P G J PG Department of Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
Complaints of 'food allergy' are increasing. Standardized surveys of IgE sensitization to foods are still uncommon and multicountry surveys are rare. We have assessed IgE sensitization to food-associated allergens in different regions of Europe using a common protocol. Participants from general populations aged 20-54 years in eight European centres (Zurich, Madrid, ...
Basch Corey Hannah CH William Paterson University. - - 2014
Obesity rates among American youth have prompted an examination of food advertisements geared towards children. Research indicates children's high exposure to these advertisements and their influence on food preferences. Less is known about the presence of these advertisements in parenting magazines. This study's objective was to examine prevalence of food ...
Anwar Ghada M GM Pediatric department, Cairo University, - - 2013
Nesfatin-1 is an anorexigenic peptide that controls feeding behavior and glucose homeostasis. However, there is little data exists regarding nesfatin-1 secretion in obese children and young adolescents. The aim of this study is to investigate serum nesfatin-1 in childhood and adolescent obesity and to study potential correlations with food intake, ...
Campbell Jonathan A - - 2013
Abstract Infections from antibiotic-resistant bacteria are a major concern for human health professionals around the world. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is just one of the resistant organisms of concern. MRSA prevalence has also been recently reported in retail meat products at rates higher than originally thought. Although the risk of ...
Rajan Jessica P JP Division of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, Calif. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is defined as the presence of urticaria most days of the week for a period of 6 weeks or longer. There have been reports of food additive sensitivity in CIU previously, but the prevalence has not been precisely determined. To determine the prevalence of reactions to ...
Zhang Huanxin - - 2013
The chemical composition, rheological and gelatinization characteristics of waxy wheat flour were investigated. Compared with wheat flour, waxy wheat flour has lower protein (9.52%), amylase (1.02%) and higher crude starch (73.19%) contents. Because of its different chemical composition, waxy wheat flour exhibited some better processing characteristics (water-holding capacity, dough development ...
- - 2014
Because of concerns about serious cardiovascular side effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration asked Ariad Pharmaceuticals to temporarily suspend sales and marketing of ponatinib to treat chronic myeloid leukemia in patients resistant to first-line therapy.
Stecchini Mara Lucia ML Department of Food Science, via Sondrio 2/a, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy. - - 2013
Control of bacterial spores is one of the major problem in the food preservation. Spores of Bacillus genus are commonly present in different environments, including soil and the gut of insects and animals and, as a result, they can be spread to all kind of foods. Due to their high ...
Birt Diane F DF Department of Food Science and Human - - 2013
Ongoing research to develop digestion-resistant starch for human health promotion integrates the disciplines of starch chemistry, agronomy, analytical chemistry, food science, nutrition, pathology, and microbiology. The objectives of this research include identifying components of starch structure that confer digestion resistance, developing novel plants and starches, and modifying foods to incorporate ...
van Rhijn B D BD Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the - - 2013
EoE patients show variable sensitization patterns to food and aeroallergens. The value of allergy testing in adult EoE patients is unclear. Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) may offer additional insights into sensitization patterns. The aim of this study was to characterize sensitization patterns in adult EoE patients using CRD. Serum from 76 ...
Hoseini Seyyed Morteza - - 2013
An 8-week trial was conducted to investigate the effect of ambient copper (Cu) on growth performance, physiological characteristics and stress resistance of Caspian roach, Rutilus rutilus caspicus. Fish were exposed to 0 (control), 0.02, 0.04 and 0.06 ppm Cu, and their food intake and growth performance were fortnightly recorded. Also, ...
van Denderen P Daniel PD Wageningen Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies, PO Box 68, 1970 AB IJmuiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Bottom trawls are a globally used fishing gear that physically disturb the seabed and kill non-target organisms, including those that are food for the targeted fish species. There are indications that ensuing changes to the benthic invertebrate community may increase the availability of food and promote growth and even fisheries ...
Lamberth Clemens - - 2013
Crop protection chemistry has come a long way from its "alchemic" beginnings in the late 19th century to a high-tech science that supports the sustainable production of food, feed, and fiber for a rapidly growing population. Cutting-edge developments in the design and synthesis of agrochemicals help to tackle today's challenges ...
Acar J F JF OIE Expert of the Adhoc Group on Antimicrobials, 22 rue Emeriau, 75015 Paris, France. - - 2013
Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in commensal, zoonotic and pathogenic bacteria from humans, animals and food is an essential source of information when formulating measures to improve food safety. International organisations (the World Health Organization, the World Organisation for Animal Health, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and ...
Joussain P - - 2013
A study of olfactory function was performed in 15 bronchial cancer patients receiving cisplatin and 15 control subjects. Whereas odor detection and odor identification abilities were not influenced by the administration of cisplatin, a decrease in pleasantness was observed only for food odors, and not for non-food odors. Taken as ...
Ho J - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus contaminating raw meat may increase nasal colonization risk for occupationally-exposed food handlers. Food handlers from six catering establishments were nasally sampled for S. aureus and completed a questionnaire on carriage risk factors. Isolates were characterized for antibiotic susceptibility, spa type and, for methicillin-resistant strains, SCCmec type. Of 434 ...
Brown Robert L - - 2013
Aflatoxin contamination caused by Aspergillus flavus infection of corn is a significant and chronic threat to corn being used as food or feed. Contamination of crops at levels of 20 ng g(-1) or higher (as regulated by the USFDA) by this toxin and potent carcinogen makes the crop unsalable, resulting in a ...
Barbarich-Marsteller Nicole C - - 2013
Activity-based anorexia is a translational rodent model that results in severe weight loss, hyperactivity, and voluntary self-starvation. The goal of our investigation was to identify vulnerable and resistant phenotypes of activity-based anorexia in adolescent female rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were maintained under conditions of restricted access to food (N = 64; or unlimited ...
Papaioannou Maria A - - 2013
To examine the moderating effects of feeding styles on the relationship between food parenting practices and fruit and vegetable (F & V) intake in low-income families with preschool-aged children. Focus group meetings with Head Start parents were conducted by using the nominal group technique. Parents completed information on food parenting ...
Goossens Nicole J - - 2013
Food allergic children are at least partially dependent on their parents to care for their food allergy. In addition, parents are often responsible for the education of others regarding food allergy, including the family, school, neighbors, and friends. The aim of this study was to investigate food allergy knowledge, attitudes, ...
Cluss Patricia A PA School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 - - 2013
Minority and low-income children are overrepresented among obese US children. Lack of basic nutrition knowledge among parents may contribute to this disparity. The purpose of this study is to measure nutrition knowledge of parents of Medicaid-insured obese children using a simple low-literacy tool. Parents, recruited from pediatric clinics, demonstrated their ...
Dodevska Margarita S - - 2013
The typical Serbian diet is characterised by high intake of cereal products and also legumes are often used. The content of total fibre as well as certain fibre fractions was determined in cereals, cereal products, and cooked legumes. The content of total fibre in cooked cereals and cereal products ranged ...
Ohly Heather - - 2013
In order to develop successful interventions to improve children's diets, the factors influencing food choice need to be understood. Parental food involvement - the level of importance of food in a person's life - may be one of many important factors. The aim of this study was to determine whether ...
Chua Xiuzhen - - 2013
Latex allergy and its clinical presentation are rising in prevalence across the globe, especially amongst patients with spina bifida (SB). While studies have been well-established in Europe and America, data from Asia are limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the scenario in Singapore. 35 subjects with SB, ...
Rodríguez-Beltrán Jerónimo J Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, - - 2013
Animal fodder is routinely complemented with antibiotics together with other food supplements to improve growth. For instance, sepiolite is currently used as a dietary coadjuvant in animal feed, as it increases animal growth parameters and improves meat and derived final product quality. This type of food additive has so far ...
Pampush James D - - 2013
Traditionally, thick enamel has often been used to infer durophagy (i.e., hard nut and seed consumption) in extinct hominins. These inferences are based on the hypothesis that thick enamel is primarily an adaptation to prevent tooth fracture or chipping resulting from high-stress loads produced during the mastication of large hard ...
Thomas Elizabeth A EA Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
While the majority of Americans are now overweight, some individuals maintain their weight with minimal effort. This study investigated behavioral differences between 58 individuals recruited as either obese-resistant (OR) or obese-prone (OP) based on self-identification, BMI, and personal/family weight history. Subjects were studied during Eucaloric (EU), Overfed (OF), and Underfed ...
Gunaratne Anil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hydrothermal treatment used in parboiling could induce formation of novel starch properties having potential food applications. In the current work, functional, digestible and retrogradation properties of flour from non-parboiled and steamed parboiled six rice varieties with high amylose content of around 30% but differing in length and width ratio ...
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