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Results 401 - 450 of 603
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Ahl A S - - 1997
Food safety related to the consumption of animal-derived protein encompasses a wide variety of production and processing procedures which begins with the farm and inputs to the animals on the farm (e.g. feed and water) and includes the environment in which animals are reared. Hazards may be physical, artificial or ...
Murray S - - 1997
An adult Celebes ape (Macaca nigra) was presented for a routine yearly evaluation. Abdominal radiographs revealed four radiodense metallic foreign objects resembling coins within the gastrointestinal tract. Hematologic abnormalities included a mild nonregenerative anemia and a mild leukocytosis, and the biochemical profile reflected renal dysfunction. Serum zinc levels were elevated. ...
Kirst H A - - 1997
Several 14- and 16-membered-ring macrolide antibiotics have acquired important roles in the modern production of food animals. Macrolide antibiotics exhibit many similar antimicrobial properties whether used in veterinary or human medicine. In addition to their direct inhibitory action on micro-organisms, macrolides exert a variety of subinhibitory concentration (sub-MIC) effects that ...
Raubenheimer D - - 1997
We present and apply to data for insects, chickens and rats a conceptual and experimental framework for studying nutrition as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. The framework enables the unification within a single geometrical model of several nutritionally relevant measures, including: the optimal balance and amounts of nutrients required by an animal ...
Motta P - - 1997
This study tests the hypothesis that preparatory, expansive, compressive and recovery phases of biting behavior known for aquatically feeding anamniotes are conserved among extant elasmobranch fishes. The feeding mechanism of the lemon shark Negaprionbrevirostris is examined by anatomical dissection, electromyography and high-speed video analysis. Three types of feeding events are ...
Givens D I - - 1997
The current application and future potential of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in the evaluation of foods for domesticated animals and humans is enormous. Where used, NIR spectroscopy has revolutionized the analysis and nutritional evaluation of animal feeds and human foods by providing a rapid means of examination. The availability of ...
Schrama J W - - 1996
Conditions (total complex of stressors) during the transport of animals vary strongly between and within transports. Adverse climatic conditions are stressors that animals have to face during transport. The thermoregulation of animals id discussed with respect to threshold values for optimal climatic conditions. These thermal thresholds depend on animal related ...
Loaharanu P - - 1996
A number of emerging pathogenic microorganisms and parasites in food, the wide publicity of outbreaks of foodborne diseases and the increasing number of immuno-compromised population have resulted in a need to develop proper strategies and technologies to protect health of consumers. Regulations in most countries which are promulgated to ensure ...
Sonenshine D E - - 1996
A self-medicating applicator for killing ticks on deer and domestic ungulates by passive transfer of acaricides during feeding is described. The applicator consists of a barrel divided into a food bin (above) and a sealed self-contained acaricide reservoir (below) with a vertical, centrally-located ceramic column that extends from the reservoir ...
Kotrschal K - - 1996
The taste-like system of solitary chemosensory cells (SCCs) has almost eluded scientific attention. This is particularly remarkable, since recent surveys have revealed that this system of epidermal cells is widespread and abundant among the anamniotic aquatic vertebrates. In the rocklings (Gadidae, Teleostei), high densities of SCCs occur at a specialized ...
Badiani A - - 1996
Groups of male Wistar rats lived in cages capable of monitoring feeding and drinking continuously at 0.1-s intervals, 24 h per day. Intact animals were subjected to 20 min of restraint stress or to brief handling (Brief Pick-Up), daily or every third day, 6 h after the beginning of the ...
Hernández M - - 1996
Animal foods in general are considered to be foods with high protein qualities, although their qualities are not always similar because of differences in essential amino acids. The purpose of this study was to compare the protein quality of different animal foods and of their mixtures with vegetable foods, mainly ...
Prelusky D B - - 1996
The presence of mycotoxins in grains and feedstuffs causes not only animal health problems, but also a valid concern about the transmission of potentially toxic residues into animal-derived products intended for human consumption. In a series of studies at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, we investigated the biological fate of fumonisin ...
Shore R F - - 1996
In Britain, polecats Mustela putorius hunt around farm buildings, especially in winter, and, as a result, may be secondarily exposed to rodenticides by eating contaminated prey. This paper reports the first survey of second-generation rodenticides in polecats. Twenty-nine adult polecats which had been killed either accidentally on roads (24) and ...
Schaub H - - 1995
Dominant animals often can suppress the competitive behavior of subordinates by overt aggression or by their mere presence. This experiment on pairs of long-tailed macaque females explored whether this effect of dominant animals is influenced by interindividual distance. A dominant and a subordinate, but stronger, animal could compete for food ...
Matsumura H - - 1995
A novel apparatus is described for simultaneous performance of multi-channel infusions/body-fluid collections and multichannel electrical recordings/stimulations in a freely behaving animals. This apparatus consists of a cylindrical cage and other devices described below. Electrical contacts are achieved via a slip-ring commutator. A rotation detector detects the turning of the animal ...
Flanagan E M - - 1995
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an autoimmune, animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS) in which demyelination and paralysis are evident. Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is a neurotoxin and endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist formed from tryptophan. The role of neurotoxins in general and QUIN in particular in EAE or MS is unknown. ...
Wittenberg J B - - 1995
Hydrogen sulfide of geochemical origin, mixing at oceanic hydrothermal vents with oxygen from oceanic seawater, supports dense populations of chemoautrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Those animals, the vestimentiferan worm Riftia pachyptila, certain bivalve molluscs, and the recently discovered Pacific gastropod Alviniconcha hessleri, that interiorize the bacteria as intracellular symbionts dominate the vent ...
Morovat A - - 1995
Thyroid hormones have been implicated in the regulation of nuclear 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3) receptor binding capacity (Bmax) but, despite numerous in vivo and in vitro studies, there is considerable controversy regarding their exact role. Since changes in thyroid status alter energy balance and hence may influence T3 receptor numbers, the effects ...
Valkenburgh B V - - 1995
Community structure, stability and change can be observed in the fossil record over timescales that far exceed what is possible in the present. Recent quantitative studies on ecological structure withion ancient guilds of various vertebrate predators, inlcuding birds, mammals and reptiles, have revealed a common pattern of iterative replacement of ...
Gillis G - - 1995
Despite numerous studies of food transport in terrestrial vertebrates, little is known about this aspect of the feeding repertoire in aquatic vertebrates. Previous work had predicted that the kinematics of aquatic prey capture by suction feeding should be similar to those of prey transport. However, recent analyses of aquatic prey ...
Manteca X - - 1994
This paper shows that the study of animal behaviour is a valuable aid to the improvement of the management of grazing livestock under extensive conditions. The food available to grazing animals in developing countries, and particularly in the dry season in the tropics, is often of very low quality and, ...
- - 1994
The concerns of this paper may be summarised as follows: (a) Animal identification--Much work remains to be done, if a Community system of identification of all food animals, which is both clear and certain, is to be put in place and operated effectively. (b) Certification--The ball is in the Commission's ...
Murray C J - - 1994
This report summarises the range of Salmonella serovars and phage types found in humans in Australia during the years 1987 to 1992 inclusive, and compares them with serovars from food animals and raw meats for the same period. It also compares the major serovars found from different animal sources with ...
Conrad L - - 1994
Wild-animal attacks are almost an anachronism in our day and age. They remind us that humans can still be food or prey. Cougar attacks, though rare, produce significant trauma. Characteristic patterns of injury and wound infection should be appropriately identified and treated. As we protect wild-animal species and acknowledge their ...
Ekman T - - 1994
A questionnaire concerning the diagnosis and treatment of bovine mastitis was sent to all 350 Swedish food animal practitioners. 287 (82%) of the questionnaires were returned. One of the main aims was to establish if Swedish food animal practitioners used a common therapeutic regime that could be used as a ...
Wheeler R M - - 1994
The article in this issue by Gitelson and Okladnikov provides a valuable summary of some of the work conducted at the Bios-3 project in Krasnoyarsk, Russia. As the title suggests, the focus is on humans and their role in a CELSS biosphere. I am aware of several translated reports and ...
Boyadjiev N - - 1994
In order to study the effect of long-term use of specific food formulas with different compositions on the aerobic adaptation of body to submaximal exercise 16 white Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two experimental groups. Group A animals were fed a mixture of 76% of standard food and 24% ...
Hove K - - 1993
A summary is given of the range and effectiveness of different available countermeasures which can reduce the radiation dose arising from the radioactive contamination of food products from animals. The choice of which countermeasure is suitable for each particular situation will depend on many factors. Consideration should be given not ...
Jones B E - - 1993
Examples are given of general management methods that will reduce the contamination of domestic food producing animals. Such methods will decrease the radiation exposure of the animal which could be of importance for its health and long-term production of food but more importantly in the short term they will decrease ...
Jezierski T - - 1993
Atherosclerosis was induced in rabbits by feeding them a 2% cholesterol diet (CHOL) during a 5-week period. Twelve rabbits were fed with increasing amounts of CHOL food until the ad libitum level was reached, whereas in 24 other rabbits the food was limited to the amount eaten by the lowest ...
Chiel H J - - 1993
Freely behaving Aplysia californica can learn that food is inedible. Animals were given access to seaweed tied into canvas and attached to a force transducer. Animals repeatedly found the stimulus, attempted to ingest it, and failed. The force transducer provided an objective record of the number of attempts made by ...
Huston K - - 1993
The heritability and diagnosis of congenital abnormalities in food animals have been reviewed from the viewpoint of practitioners, clinicians, and researchers. At least 632 putative mutant genes have been cataloged and listed according to the principal body system affected and mode of inheritance (see Tables 1 and 2). Implications of ...
McVey D S - - 1993
Although there are few, well-characterized PIDs of food animals, these diseases are important because they tend to be severe and with no cure. Most animals with PID do not receive the intensive and aggressive care required for survival: Veterinarians may be consulted only when the animals are in the terminal ...
Berkowitz D B - - 1993
The genetic events associated with traditional selection have implications for the food safety of transgenic animals. Selection has been empirical, relying on the use of the best animals for breeding. Molecular techniques are now being used to identify the genes selected and to describe the differences between alleles that are ...
Sessink P J - - 1993
Little is known about the exposure of animal caretakers to toxic agents during the administration of such chemicals to laboratory animals. In this study, we have investigated the environmental contamination with cyclophosphamide (CP) in an animal laboratory where mice were housed and injected with this compound. Also the contamination of ...
Chiesa C - - 1993
From 1981 to 1991, 37,666 human, animal, food and environmental samples were cultured for Yersinia pseudotuberculosis using direct plating methods and/or cold enhancement techniques. Despite an intensive surveillance and adequate culture methods, Y. pseudotuberculosis was isolated from stools of 0.05% (5/9,720) of patients with acute enteritis, and alimentary tracts of ...
Yahav S - - 1993
Naked mole rats (Heterocephalus glaber) lead a strictly subterranean existence and appear to be naturally deficient in cholecalciferol (D3). Oral supplementation with D3 (Ds) led to a 1.8-fold increase in food intake and the associated enlargement (1.4-fold) of the caecum. The effect of Ds, and the concomitant increase in food ...
Kopcha M - - 1992
We attempted to determine the extent to which nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are used in the treatment of food animals, and whether withdrawal times for milk and slaughter are recommended to clients. A survey questionnaire was mailed to a stratified random sample of 2,000 veterinarians whose practices were at least ...
Debruyckere G - - 1992
We examined the relationship between the consumption of meat from animals treated with anabolic steroids and the detection of these steroids in the athletes consuming this meat. We proved that clostebol metabolites (e.g., 4-chloro-delta-4-androstene-3 alpha-ol-17-one) in the urine of one of the volunteers involved in a feeding experiment were due ...
Shaw J R - - 1992
A cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted to evaluate two objectives. The first was to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of large animal (dairy) veterinarians, dairy farmers, and dairy processors in Michigan toward the use of bovine somatotropin (BST). The second was to compare and contrast the data from the ...
Amstutz H E - - 1992
Assessment of food animal lameness provides a great challenge but also can be extremely rewarding for the practitioner. An accurate diagnosis is essential if treatment, control, and prevention are to be successful. All facets of veterinary medicine and animal science must be applied in order to make an accurate diagnosis. ...
Wilson J H - - 1992
Preservation of the art of physical examination of food animals is warranted because veterinarians are still asked to assess sick valuable individuals as well as sick animals that may be representative of herd or flock problems. It is very important to establish a consistent, thorough routine for physical and rectal ...
Dickman C R - - 1992
Although overlooked in many field studies, commensal and mutualistic interactions occur frequently between species of terrestrial vertebrates. Potential advantages for individuals in mixed-species associations are very diverse, and include reduction in parasite load, reduced risk of predation, and increased access to food and other resources. Recent theoretical and experimental studies ...
Teyke T - - 1992
The behavior of the marine mollusc Aplysia was examined under different experimental conditions designed to determine the food searching strategy of the animals. In a small, open field tank with still water, the animals took an average of 42 min to find a piece of seaweed, even though the stimulus ...
Cherian S - - 1992
Glycogen phosphorylase (1,4-alpha-D-glucan:orthophosphate-alpha-D-glucosyl transferase, EC 2.4.1.1) was partially purified from two bivalves found in different habitats, viz. Villorita cyprenoides, an estuarine bivalve, and Sunetta scripta, a marine bivalve, and their properties compared with other animal phosphorylases. While the kinetic mechanism was same as that of phosphorylases from other animal sources, ...
Brambilla G - - 1992
In the zootechnical field, there is a strong need to correlate analytical results with biological effects of beta-2 adrenergic agonist drugs on animal health, food processing and human toxicology, taking into account the peculiarity of their administration (long-term treatments with doses tenfold as high as the therapeutical ones). The opportunity ...
Hess C E - - 1992
American agriculture is being challenged to produce food in a way that is environmentally sound, that enhances human health, is safe, and whose cost is competitive internationally. The tools of biotechnology offer new techniques for modifying biological traits in a much more directed way than is possible with conventional animal ...
de Queiroz R G - - 1991
From October until July 1991, CDC miniature light traps were set up and man and animal-landing and biting catches were made in 100 different catching zones, in different habitats, throughout the ACL focus of the Serra de Baturité. Female Lutzomyia whitmani and Lu. wellcomei appeared to be highly anthropophilic and ...
Jackson G J - - 1991
Microscopic animals associated with foods include free-living and saprophytic invertebrates, parasites of hosts other than humans, and parasitic animals specifically designated as food-borne that can infect a human host by the gastrointestinal route. The first general method used to screen for food-borne species was digestion with pepsin and hydrochloric acid ...
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