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Verraes Claire - - 2013
Antimicrobial resistant zoonotic pathogens present on food constitute a direct risk to public health. Antimicrobial resistance genes in commensal or pathogenic strains form an indirect risk to public health, as they increase the gene pool from which pathogenic bacteria can pick up resistance traits. Food can be contaminated with antimicrobial ...
Galeote Virginie - - 2013
The ascomycetous yeast Zygosaccharomyces bailii is one of the most problematic spoilage yeasts in food and beverage industries, due to its exceptional resistance to various stresses. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying these stress resistance phenotypes might help develop strategies to improve food quality. Thus, we determined and ...
van Denderen P Daniel - - 2013
Bottom trawls are a globally used fishing gear that physically disturb the seabed and kill non-target organisms, including those that are food for the targeted fish species. There are indications that ensuing changes to the benthic invertebrate community may increase the availability of food and promote growth and even fisheries ...
Musaad Salma M A - - 2013
Childhood obesity and asthma are on the rise in the U.S. Clinical and epidemiological data suggest a link between the two, in which overweight and obese children are at higher risk for asthma. Prevention of childhood obesity is preferred over treatment, however, in order to be receptive to messages, parents ...
Pazianas Michael - - 2013
Bisphosphonates are the major treatment of choice for osteoporosis, given that they are attached preferentially by bone and significantly reduce the risk of fractures. Oral bisphosphonates are poorly absorbed (usually less than 1% for nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates) and when taken with food or beverages create complexes that cannot be absorbed. For ...
Birt Diane F - - 2013
Ongoing research to develop digestion-resistant starch for human health promotion integrates the disciplines of starch chemistry, agronomy, analytical chemistry, food science, nutrition, pathology, and microbiology. The objectives of this research include identifying components of starch structure that confer digestion resistance, developing novel plants and starches, and modifying foods to incorporate ...
Patel Bhoomika M BM Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 382 481, - - 2013
The objective of the present investigation was to study the effect of combination of telmisartan with cisplatin in oral cancer cachexia induced by applying 0.5% 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) in propylene glycol to tongue, thrice a week for 8 weeks. From 8th to 22nd week, cisplatin (0.23 mg/kg, i.v.) was administered once in ...
Myers-Morales Tanya T Dept. of Microbiology, Immunology & Molecular Genetics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2013
The composition of the intestinal microbiota has wide reaching effects on the health of an individual, including the development of protective innate immune responses.  In this report, a fecal transplantation approach was used to determine whether resistance to food borne listeriosis was dependent on the murine gut microbiota.  Transplantation of ...
Benzidane C - - 2013
The epidemiological studies demonstrate that the residues of pesticides in plant food, increases the impact of cancers on the professionally populations. The effect of the residues of pesticides can also be at the origin of dysfunction of the reproductive systems, endocrinal and immune systems, ague attack and column of the ...
Maziarz Mindy M Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Texas Woman's University PO Box 425888, Denton, - - 2013
Type 2 resistant starch from high-amylose maize (HAM-RS2) is considered a functional ingredient due to its positive organoleptic and physiochemical modifications associated with food and physiological benefits related to human health. The sensory characteristics of three types of food products (muffins, focaccia bread, and chicken curry) with and without HAM-RS2 ...
Petty Maria Luiza Blanques - - 2012
The present study aimed to translate the Parent Mealtime Action Scale (PMAS) into Portuguese and to evaluate the factorial structure and the psychometric characteristics of this version. Further, we investigated the associations between parent mealtime actions and the intake of fruits, vegetables and energy-dense foods in 6 to10 years-old children ...
Doyle M Ellin - - 2012
Food-borne intoxication, caused by heat-stable enterotoxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus, causes over 240,000 cases of food-borne illness in the United States annually. Other staphylococci commonly associated with animals may also produce these enterotoxins. Foods may be contaminated by infected food handlers during slaughter and processing of livestock or by cross-contamination ...
Campbell Sarah - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of children's food requests, and parents' experiences of food marketing directed towards children, in the supermarket environment. A mixed-method design was used. Firstly, intercept interviews were conducted with parents accompanied by a child/children on exiting supermarkets (sampled from a large ...
Ogden Jane - - 2012
Two naturalistic experiments are reported exploring the impact of parental restriction on children's diets. For study 1, 53 parents gave 75g of chocolate coins to their child over a weekend. For study 2, 86 parents were recruited prior to the two week Easter break when their children would be receiving ...
Udo Tomoko T Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, - - 2013
This pilot study adapted a well-established drug self-administration paradigm to examine the effects of mood induction on the ability to resist high-calorie foods and subsequent food consumption differently in 15 obese individuals (40.0% women, BMI: 35.1±3.70) and 15 non-obese individuals (46.7% women, BMI: 23.0±1.96). Participants completed two laboratory sessions (positive ...
Kelly Barry J - - 2012
Abstract: This article uses analytical findings from fertilizer grade feather meals, imported feather meal from China, and analytical results from domestic feather meal samples to suggest that there is fluoroquinolone recycling in commercial poultry in the US that might result in environmental selection pressure giving rise to fluoroquinolone resistant Campylobacter ...
Ares Florencia - - 2012
Sensory characteristics play a key role in determining consumers' acceptance of functional foods. In this context, the aim of the present work was to apply a combination of sensory and consumer methodologies to the development of chocolate milk desserts enriched with resistant starch. Chocolate milk desserts containing modified waxy maize ...
Loth Katie A KA Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2013
To understand how parents of adolescents attempt to regulate their children's eating behaviors, the prevalence of specific food-related parenting practices (restriction, pressure-to-eat) by sociodemographic characteristics (parent gender, race/ethnicity, education level, employment status, and household income) were examined within a population-based sample of parents (n=3709) of adolescents. Linear regression models were ...
Nascimento Maristela da Silva do Mda - - 2012
The high heat resistance of Salmonella in foods with low water activity raises particular issues for food safety, especially chocolate, where outbreak investigations indicate that few colony-forming units are necessary to cause salmonellosis. This study evaluated the efficiency of cocoa roasting and milk chocolate conching in the inactivation of Salmonella ...
Aravind Nisha - - 2013
Foods with elevated levels of resistant starch (RS) may have beneficial effects on human health. Pasta was enriched with commercial resistant starches (RSII, Hi Maize™ 1043; RSIII, Novelose 330™) at 10%, 20% and 50% substitution of semolina for RSII and 10% and 20% for RSIII and compared with pasta made ...
Hambre David - - 2012
Objective. To prospectively evaluate the effects of resistance training combined with increased energy intake or protein-supplementation on lean body-mass, resting metabolic-rate (RMR) and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods. Twenty-four healthy males (aged 19-32 years) performed resistance exercise for 12 weeks aiming for at least 1 hour training-sessions 3 times a week. ...
Lakshmi G Suvarna - - 2012
Xylooligosaccharides are functional foods mainly produced during the hydrolysis of xylan by physical, chemical, or enzymatic methods. In this study, production of xylobiose was investigated using oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber (OPEFB) as a source material, by chemical and enzymatic methods. Xylanase-specific xylan hydrolysis followed by xylobiose production was ...
Vragović Natalija N a EC Inspekt , Zagreb , - - 2012
Residual antibacterials in food constitute a risk to human health, particularly because they can contribute to the transmission of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria through the food chain. This paper presents dietary exposure assessment of streptomycin and tetracycline, based on combining food consumption data in Croatia with data on the concentration of ...
Karalus Melinda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fiber is thought to enhance satiety, although not all fibers are equally effective. Colonic fermentation may influence satiety and food intake. OBJECTIVE: To test the satiating properties of four isolated fibers added to chocolate crisp bars. DESIGN: Within-subject preload design with repeated measures. Each participant completed five conditions, presented ...
Kapelko M - - 2012
Resistant starch displays health-promoting properties. Starch preparations produced through acetylation of retrograded starch may be applied as a food additive. Apart from prebiotic properties, they may as well model the texture of a food product. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of retrogradation and acetylation conditions ...
Brouns Fred - - 2012
Over the last three decades substantial attention has been given to the role of dietary fiber in health and disease, in particular diabetes, cardiovascular disease, intestinal health, and some types of cancer. As a result the food industry started to add back fiber to refined foods and develop fiber rich ...
Clemens Roger - - 2012
Current fiber intakes are alarmingly low, with long-term implications for public health related to risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, certain gastrointestinal disorders, obesity, and the continuum of metabolic dysfunctions including prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Eating patterns high in certain fibers are known to lower LDL cholesterol and ...
McCleary Barry V - - 2012
A method for the determination of insoluble (IDF), soluble (SDF), and total dietary fiber (TDF), as defined by the CODEX Alimentarius, was validated in foods. Based upon the principles of AOAC Official Methods 985.29, 991.43, 2001.03, and 2002.02, the method quantitates water-insoluble and water-soluble dietary fiber. This method extends the ...
Adams An - - 2012
For the analysis of furan, a possible carcinogen formed during thermal treatment of food, Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) is a preferred and validated sampling method. However, when volatile furan precursors are adsorbed on the carboxen/PDMS fiber, additional amounts of furan can be formed on the fiber during thermal desorption, as shown ...
Schwartz Natalie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether foods that are good to excellent sources of fiber reduce periodontal disease progression in men. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Greater Boston, Massachusetts, metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-five community-dwelling men participating in the Department of Veterans Affairs Dental Longitudinal Study. MEASUREMENTS: Dental and physical examinations ...
Rhee John J Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory Spine Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2012
 Cross-sectional survey.  To obtain information from the global community regarding cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR) use and trends before and after US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of devices in 2007 and summarize available information on utilization and government approval for devices.  Data on utilization and approval were sought ...
Chen Wanping - - 2012
Filamentous fungi are widely exploited in food industry due to their abilities to secrete large amounts of enzymes and metabolites. The recent availability of fungal genome sequences has provided an opportunity to explore the genomic characteristics of these food-related filamentous fungi. In this paper, we selected 12 representative filamentous fungi ...
Stackhouse Robert R - - 2012
Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis strain E40 filaments were developed under conditions of a reduced water activity (a(w)) of 0.95 in tryptic soy broth (TSB) or tryptic soy agar (TSA) supplemented with 8% or 7% NaCl, respectively. Filament formation was accompanied by an increase of biomass without an increase in CFU ...
Xu Cai-Hong - - 2012
The effect of dosing time on the bioavailability of carbamazepine immediate-release (IR) tablets was investigated when administrated to beagle dogs who were fasting, with coadministration of food (Co-food), and 0.5 h before food and 2 h after food. The study was conducted using a single dose of 200 mg (tablets/solution) with a 2-week ...
Senevirathne Mahinda - - 2012
Large amount of underutilized by-products are generated from the seafood processing plants annually. Consequently, researches have been initiated to investigate those discarded materials and have identified a number of bioactive compounds including bioactive peptides, collagen and gelatin, oligosaccharides, fatty acids, enzymes, calcium, water-soluble minerals, and biopolymers. Bioactive peptides derived from ...
Egeth Marc - - 2012
A new method is proposed for controlling mosquito-borne diseases. In particular, instead of trying to kill mosquitoes, we suggest provisioning them with food from artificial feeders. Because mosquito populations are frequently limited by ecological factors other than blood meals, such as the availability of egg-laying sites, feeding mosquitoes would not ...
Belski Regina - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death globally (World Health Organisation, 2011). Many of the risk factors for CVD are modifiable, including overweight and obesity. Numerous strategies have been proposed to fight CVD, with a special focus being placed on dietary interventions for weight management. The literature suggests ...
Smart Michael - - 2012
Cetuximab (Erbitux®) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in combination with standard chemotherapy (a platinum plus 5-fluorouracil) for first-line treatment of recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).
Dakhara Sanjay L - - 2012
In the past 50 years, dietary fiber has become an increasingly significant area of nutritional focus, debate, and research. Advances in food production practices have resulted in more refined foods being available and consumed across the world and particularly in developed nations such as the US. While refined foods are ...
Frick Ryan G - - 2011
To assess retailer compliance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations on tobacco sales and advertising practices, including point-of-sale advertisements, in two distinct Columbus, Ohio neighborhood groups by income. Data were gathered from a random sample of 129 licensed tobacco retailers, which included data on both exterior and interior advertisements ...
Maclachlan Dugald J - - 2011
Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) are standards that represent the maximum residue concentration expected to be found if a veterinary drug is administered according to good practice in the use of veterinary drugs (GVP). MRLs are established only where the exposure to residues in food resulting from particular use patterns of ...
Yan Yijin - - 2011
RATIONALE: During the development of addiction, addictive drugs induce transient and long-lasting changes in the brain including expression of endogenous molecules and alteration of morphological structure. Of the altered endogenous molecules, some facilitate but others slow the development of drug addiction. Previously, we have reported that tumor necrosis factor alpha ...
Ozbay Latif - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate a food effect on the bioavailability of modified-release (MR) trimetazidine tablets in 36 healthy volunteers. Trimetazidine, an anti-ischemic drug, protects the myocardial cell from the harmful effects of ischemia. The authors investigated the effect of being under a fasting or fed state at the time ...
Ventura M T - - 2011
The guidelines for the management of urticaria in adults and children have been published in outstanding position papers. By contrast, the onset of urticaria in the elderly has not yet had a clear definition. In order to approach diagnosis and treatment in a population of elderly patients, we have performed ...
Ritting Andrew W - - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration indicates that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) products are contraindicated in pediatric patients. The Food and Drug Administration, however, acknowledges the off-label use of BMP in difficult cases. Although the relative safety of BMP in children has been reported for lower-extremity and spine procedures, little information ...
Lovreglio Piero - - 2011
To study the effect of eating foods with a high arsenic (As) content on the intra and inter-individual variability of urinary concentrations of the As species, daily urine samples were collected for 10 consecutive days from 12 healthy male subjects. A daily food diary was kept throughout the study period. ...
Ali Atif - - 2011
Purpose:  Convenient and effective methods for administering potential antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) chronically should facilitate many experiments in animal models of chronic epilepsy with spontaneous recurrent seizures. This proof-of-principle study aimed to optimize a once-per-day, drug-in-food protocol by testing the effect of carbamazepine (CBZ) on the frequency of convulsive seizures in ...
Henney Herbert R HR - - 2011
The pharmacokinetics, bioavailability, and tolerability of dalfampridine extended-release tablets in healthy adults under fed and fasted conditions were evaluated. The study participants (n = 30) were randomly assigned to receive one 10-mg dalfampridine tablet in a fasted condition (no food for 10-12 hours) or a fed condition (after a high-fat ...
Chajès Véronique V The International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, - - 2011
Elaidic acid is the main unnatural trans fatty acid isomer occurring during partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils used as ingredients for the formulation of processed foods. The main objective is to assess associations between processed food intakes and plasma phospholipid elaidic acid concentrations within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer ...
Flaherty Keith T - - 2011
In August 2011 vemurafenib (Zelboraf; Daiichi Sankyo/Roche), an inhibitor of BRAF kinase, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with the BRAF(V600E) mutation.
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