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Kelly Barry J - - 2012
Abstract: This article uses analytical findings from fertilizer grade feather meals, imported feather meal from China, and analytical results from domestic feather meal samples to suggest that there is fluoroquinolone recycling in commercial poultry in the US that might result in environmental selection pressure giving rise to fluoroquinolone resistant Campylobacter ...
Ares Florencia - - 2012
Sensory characteristics play a key role in determining consumers' acceptance of functional foods. In this context, the aim of the present work was to apply a combination of sensory and consumer methodologies to the development of chocolate milk desserts enriched with resistant starch. Chocolate milk desserts containing modified waxy maize ...
Loth Katie A KA Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2013
To understand how parents of adolescents attempt to regulate their children's eating behaviors, the prevalence of specific food-related parenting practices (restriction, pressure-to-eat) by sociodemographic characteristics (parent gender, race/ethnicity, education level, employment status, and household income) were examined within a population-based sample of parents (n=3709) of adolescents. Linear regression models were ...
Nascimento Maristela da Silva do Mda - - 2012
The high heat resistance of Salmonella in foods with low water activity raises particular issues for food safety, especially chocolate, where outbreak investigations indicate that few colony-forming units are necessary to cause salmonellosis. This study evaluated the efficiency of cocoa roasting and milk chocolate conching in the inactivation of Salmonella ...
Aravind Nisha - - 2013
Foods with elevated levels of resistant starch (RS) may have beneficial effects on human health. Pasta was enriched with commercial resistant starches (RSII, Hi Maize™ 1043; RSIII, Novelose 330™) at 10%, 20% and 50% substitution of semolina for RSII and 10% and 20% for RSIII and compared with pasta made ...
Hambre David - - 2012
Objective. To prospectively evaluate the effects of resistance training combined with increased energy intake or protein-supplementation on lean body-mass, resting metabolic-rate (RMR) and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods. Twenty-four healthy males (aged 19-32 years) performed resistance exercise for 12 weeks aiming for at least 1 hour training-sessions 3 times a week. ...
Lakshmi G Suvarna - - 2012
Xylooligosaccharides are functional foods mainly produced during the hydrolysis of xylan by physical, chemical, or enzymatic methods. In this study, production of xylobiose was investigated using oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber (OPEFB) as a source material, by chemical and enzymatic methods. Xylanase-specific xylan hydrolysis followed by xylobiose production was ...
Karalus Melinda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fiber is thought to enhance satiety, although not all fibers are equally effective. Colonic fermentation may influence satiety and food intake. OBJECTIVE: To test the satiating properties of four isolated fibers added to chocolate crisp bars. DESIGN: Within-subject preload design with repeated measures. Each participant completed five conditions, presented ...
Kapelko M - - 2012
Resistant starch displays health-promoting properties. Starch preparations produced through acetylation of retrograded starch may be applied as a food additive. Apart from prebiotic properties, they may as well model the texture of a food product. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of retrogradation and acetylation conditions ...
Brouns Fred - - 2012
Over the last three decades substantial attention has been given to the role of dietary fiber in health and disease, in particular diabetes, cardiovascular disease, intestinal health, and some types of cancer. As a result the food industry started to add back fiber to refined foods and develop fiber rich ...
Clemens Roger - - 2012
Current fiber intakes are alarmingly low, with long-term implications for public health related to risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, certain gastrointestinal disorders, obesity, and the continuum of metabolic dysfunctions including prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Eating patterns high in certain fibers are known to lower LDL cholesterol and ...
McCleary Barry V - - 2012
A method for the determination of insoluble (IDF), soluble (SDF), and total dietary fiber (TDF), as defined by the CODEX Alimentarius, was validated in foods. Based upon the principles of AOAC Official Methods 985.29, 991.43, 2001.03, and 2002.02, the method quantitates water-insoluble and water-soluble dietary fiber. This method extends the ...
Adams An - - 2012
For the analysis of furan, a possible carcinogen formed during thermal treatment of food, Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) is a preferred and validated sampling method. However, when volatile furan precursors are adsorbed on the carboxen/PDMS fiber, additional amounts of furan can be formed on the fiber during thermal desorption, as shown ...
Schwartz Natalie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether foods that are good to excellent sources of fiber reduce periodontal disease progression in men. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Greater Boston, Massachusetts, metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-five community-dwelling men participating in the Department of Veterans Affairs Dental Longitudinal Study. MEASUREMENTS: Dental and physical examinations ...
Rhee John - - 2012
Study design: Cross-sectional survey.Objectives: To obtain information from the global community regarding cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR) use and trends before and after US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of devices in 2007 and summarize available information on utilization and government approval for devices.Methods: Data on utilization and approval were sought from ...
Chen Wanping - - 2012
Filamentous fungi are widely exploited in food industry due to their abilities to secrete large amounts of enzymes and metabolites. The recent availability of fungal genome sequences has provided an opportunity to explore the genomic characteristics of these food-related filamentous fungi. In this paper, we selected 12 representative filamentous fungi ...
Stackhouse Robert R - - 2012
Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis strain E40 filaments were developed under conditions of a reduced water activity (a(w)) of 0.95 in tryptic soy broth (TSB) or tryptic soy agar (TSA) supplemented with 8% or 7% NaCl, respectively. Filament formation was accompanied by an increase of biomass without an increase in CFU ...
Xu Cai-Hong - - 2012
The effect of dosing time on the bioavailability of carbamazepine immediate-release (IR) tablets was investigated when administrated to beagle dogs who were fasting, with coadministration of food (Co-food), and 0.5 h before food and 2 h after food. The study was conducted using a single dose of 200 mg (tablets/solution) with a 2-week ...
Senevirathne Mahinda - - 2012
Large amount of underutilized by-products are generated from the seafood processing plants annually. Consequently, researches have been initiated to investigate those discarded materials and have identified a number of bioactive compounds including bioactive peptides, collagen and gelatin, oligosaccharides, fatty acids, enzymes, calcium, water-soluble minerals, and biopolymers. Bioactive peptides derived from ...
Egeth Marc - - 2012
A new method is proposed for controlling mosquito-borne diseases. In particular, instead of trying to kill mosquitoes, we suggest provisioning them with food from artificial feeders. Because mosquito populations are frequently limited by ecological factors other than blood meals, such as the availability of egg-laying sites, feeding mosquitoes would not ...
Belski Regina - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death globally (World Health Organisation, 2011). Many of the risk factors for CVD are modifiable, including overweight and obesity. Numerous strategies have been proposed to fight CVD, with a special focus being placed on dietary interventions for weight management. The literature suggests ...
Smart Michael - - 2012
Cetuximab (Erbitux®) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in combination with standard chemotherapy (a platinum plus 5-fluorouracil) for first-line treatment of recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).
Dakhara Sanjay L - - 2012
In the past 50 years, dietary fiber has become an increasingly significant area of nutritional focus, debate, and research. Advances in food production practices have resulted in more refined foods being available and consumed across the world and particularly in developed nations such as the US. While refined foods are ...
Frick Ryan G - - 2011
To assess retailer compliance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations on tobacco sales and advertising practices, including point-of-sale advertisements, in two distinct Columbus, Ohio neighborhood groups by income. Data were gathered from a random sample of 129 licensed tobacco retailers, which included data on both exterior and interior advertisements ...
Maclachlan Dugald J - - 2011
Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) are standards that represent the maximum residue concentration expected to be found if a veterinary drug is administered according to good practice in the use of veterinary drugs (GVP). MRLs are established only where the exposure to residues in food resulting from particular use patterns of ...
Yan Yijin - - 2011
RATIONALE: During the development of addiction, addictive drugs induce transient and long-lasting changes in the brain including expression of endogenous molecules and alteration of morphological structure. Of the altered endogenous molecules, some facilitate but others slow the development of drug addiction. Previously, we have reported that tumor necrosis factor alpha ...
Ozbay Latif - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate a food effect on the bioavailability of modified-release (MR) trimetazidine tablets in 36 healthy volunteers. Trimetazidine, an anti-ischemic drug, protects the myocardial cell from the harmful effects of ischemia. The authors investigated the effect of being under a fasting or fed state at the time ...
Ventura M T - - 2011
The guidelines for the management of urticaria in adults and children have been published in outstanding position papers. By contrast, the onset of urticaria in the elderly has not yet had a clear definition. In order to approach diagnosis and treatment in a population of elderly patients, we have performed ...
Ritting Andrew W - - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration indicates that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) products are contraindicated in pediatric patients. The Food and Drug Administration, however, acknowledges the off-label use of BMP in difficult cases. Although the relative safety of BMP in children has been reported for lower-extremity and spine procedures, little information ...
Lovreglio Piero - - 2011
To study the effect of eating foods with a high arsenic (As) content on the intra and inter-individual variability of urinary concentrations of the As species, daily urine samples were collected for 10 consecutive days from 12 healthy male subjects. A daily food diary was kept throughout the study period. ...
Ali Atif - - 2011
Purpose:  Convenient and effective methods for administering potential antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) chronically should facilitate many experiments in animal models of chronic epilepsy with spontaneous recurrent seizures. This proof-of-principle study aimed to optimize a once-per-day, drug-in-food protocol by testing the effect of carbamazepine (CBZ) on the frequency of convulsive seizures in ...
Henney Herbert R HR - - 2011
The pharmacokinetics, bioavailability, and tolerability of dalfampridine extended-release tablets in healthy adults under fed and fasted conditions were evaluated. The study participants (n = 30) were randomly assigned to receive one 10-mg dalfampridine tablet in a fasted condition (no food for 10-12 hours) or a fed condition (after a high-fat ...
Chajès Véronique V The International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, - - 2011
Elaidic acid is the main unnatural trans fatty acid isomer occurring during partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils used as ingredients for the formulation of processed foods. The main objective is to assess associations between processed food intakes and plasma phospholipid elaidic acid concentrations within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer ...
Flaherty Keith T - - 2011
In August 2011 vemurafenib (Zelboraf; Daiichi Sankyo/Roche), an inhibitor of BRAF kinase, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with the BRAF(V600E) mutation.
Teng R - - 2011
What is known and Objective:  Ticagrelor is the first reversibly binding oral P2Y(12) receptor antagonist and has been approved in the European Union and the USA for the reduction of clinical thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. This study aimed to assess the effect of food on ticagrelor ...
Marengo Mauro - - 2011
Scope: To improve our understanding of the interaction of food allergens with cells of the immune system, the endocytosis by human monocytes of bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) and ovomucoid (OM) - two major food allergens - and human serum albumin (HSA) was studied. Methods and results: BLG was covalently conjugated to ...
Sjøtun K - - 2011
Concentration of (99)Tc has been measured in fucoids and molluscs, sampled in a sheltered intertidal at the southwest coast of Norway from February to November 2006. The concentrations of (99)Tc in molluscs differed significantly between species. The filtering bivalve Mytilus edulis had the lowest concentrations with averages of 2.3-5.9Bqkg(-1)d.w., while ...
Belcaro G - - 2011
It is now possible to define food supplements on the basis of their preclinical or clinical action. Nutraceuticals and food supplements when used as drugs to prevent or treat clinical conditions could be defined as Pre-drugs (Preventive drugs or pre-clinical drugs). Nutraceuticals, when used with the aim to limit the ...
Graefe-Mody Ulrike - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the relative bioavailability of the dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor linagliptin when administered with and without food, in accordance with regulatory requirements to support dosing recommendations for patients. This was a randomized, open-label, crossover study involving 32 healthy white male and female subjects. All ...
Ruggiero Antonio - - 2011
PURPOSE: The number of oral anticancer agents has greatly increased in recent years. It is a well-known fact that food intake can induce significant variations in the bioavailability of these drugs. The aim of this review is to describe the interactions between diet and oral anticancer drugs in terms of ...
Eussen Simone R B M - - 2011
It is increasingly recognized that most chronic diseases of concern today are multifactorial in origin. To combat such diseases and adverse health conditions, a treatment approach where medicines and nutrition complement each other may prove to be the most successful. Within nutrition, apart from (disease-related) dietetic regimes, an increasing number ...
Kozak Andrea T - - 2011
Low distress tolerance is an inability to withstand negative emotions. The connection between low distress tolerance and addiction to cigarettes, alcohol, and illegal drugs has been established. The purpose of the current study was to extend this work to overeating, which is an important symptom of food addiction. We investigated ...
Coronel M B - - 2011
Ochratoxin A (OTA) levels in blood plasma, as well as the consumption of possibly contaminated foodstuffs by adult inhabitants, were determined in three seasons in the plain and the mountain regions of the province of Lleida (Spain). Daily intake of the toxin was estimated in order to evaluate the exposure ...
Sharpe Amanda L - - 2011
RATIONALE: Traditional protocols for inducing sensitization to psychostimulants use an intermittent or "binge"-like drug administration, and binge eating behavior is comorbid with drug abuse in humans. Food restriction increases the reinforcing properties and self-administration of many drugs of abuse. OBJECTIVE: The present study tested the hypotheses that (1) food restriction ...
Marasanapalle Venugopal P - - 2011
Context: Food effects were defined as positive, when coadministration of food causes an increase in the extent of absorption (AUC(0-∞)) of a drug when compared with fasted state drug administration and no effect when coadministration of food causes no change in AUC(0-∞). In general, low solubility drugs exhibit positive food ...
Abbas Richat - - 2011
PURPOSE: Bosutinib (SKI-606), a dual Src/Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is in clinical development for the treatment of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). To support clinical development, we conducted a dose-escalation and food-effect evaluation of safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of bosutinib in healthy adults. METHODS: This was a randomized, ...
Sundar Shyam - - 2011
This randomized, open-label study of patients in India with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) investigated the effect of food on sitamaquine and desethyl-sitamaquine pharmacokinetics. Patients were randomized to receive oral sitamaquine, 2 mg/kg/day, once a day for 21 days across four cohorts (n = 41) (fasted/fed, fed/fasted, fed/fed, and fasted/fasted) over two ...
Morimoto Kaori - - 2011
We previously showed that oseltamivir, a prodrug of the influenza virus neuraminidase inhibitor Ro 64-0802, is a substrate of proton-coupled oligopeptide transporter (PEPT1), and its intestinal absorption in rats is markedly inhibited by administration with milk. To investigate the importance of PEPT1 for oseltamivir absorption in humans, and the characteristics ...
Sjödin Linnea - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is one of the target organs of adverse drug effects in different phases of drug development. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of population pharmacokinetic modeling to quantify the rate of gastric emptying (GE) and small intestinal transit time (SITT) in response to drugs ...
Koetsier Egbert - - 2011
Food availability is a key factor in ecology and evolution, but available techniques to manipulate the effort to acquire food in vertebrates are technically challenging and/or labour intensive. We present a simple technique to increase foraging costs in seed-eating birds that can be applied with little effort and at low ...
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