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Shamim Shariq - - 2014
Red yeast rice is an ancient Chinese food product that contains monacolins, chemical substances that are similar to statins in their mechanisms of action and lipid lowering properties. Several studies have found red yeast rice to be moderately effective at improving the lipid profile, particularly for lowering the low-density lipoprotein ...
Peng Hui - - 2014
Dechloranes are of particular concern because of their ubiquity in environmental matrices, but little is known about their trophic transfer in aquatic food web. This study investigated the trophic transfer of seven dechloranes in a marine food web from Liaodong Bay, China. Dechloranes were determined in sediments and fifteen marine ...
Torres-Fuentes Cristina C Instituto de la Grasa (C.S.I.C.), Avda. Padre García Tejero 4, 41012-, Sevilla, - - 2014
Transition metals produce radical oxygen species (ROS) promoting lipid peroxidation processes that favor the development of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, the oxidation of lipids present in food may affect the quality of food products. Therefore, antioxidants counteracting these metals pro-oxidant effects may have high potential for pharmacology and ...
Detopoulou P P Department of Nutrition-Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Street, 17671, Athens, - - 2014
Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent inflammatory mediator, is implicated in atherosclerosis. Its key biosynthetic enzymes are lyso-PAF acetyltransferases (lyso-PAF-AT), responsible for PAF synthesis through the remodeling route and a specific CDP-choline:1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol cholinephosphotransferase (PAF-CPT), responsible for its de novo biosynthesis. PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) and its extracellular isoform lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 catabolize ...
Wu Hua-Shan HS *School of Nursing, and Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung †Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing §Insitute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei ‡Department of Nursing, Hsin-Sheng College of Medical Care and Management, Taoyuan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects on recall performance, cognitive status, and food intake when using accumulating cues in a spaced retrieval (SR) paradigm. In a double-blinded experimental design, 32 participants in the SR combined with errorless learning (SR/EL) group and 29 participants in the SR-only ...
Durazzo A A Agricultural Research Council-Food and Nutrition Research Centre (CRA-NUT) , Rome , Italy - - 2014
Abstract This study aims at investigating the effect of an experimental period of intake of whole grain foods rich in lignans as part of an habitual diet on the plasma and urinary excretion of enterolignans, the biomarkers of lipid metabolism and the immunological and antioxidant status in a group of ...
Briend A A Institut de recherche pour le développement, 44, boulevard de Dunkerque, 13002 Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lipids are an important source of energy for young children and play a major role in the development and functioning of nervous tissue. Essential fatty acids and their long-chain derivatives also fulfill multiple metabolic functions and play a role in the regulation of numerous genes. The Food and Agriculture Organization ...
O'Brien Diane M DM Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology, - - 2014
The nitrogen isotope ratio (δ(15)N) of RBCs has been proposed as a biomarker of marine food intake in Yup'ik people based on strong associations with RBC eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). However, EPA and DHA derive from marine fats, whereas elevated δ(15)N derives from marine protein, and these ...
Rodriguez-Estrada Maria Teresa MT Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-Università di Bologna. Via Fanin 40, 40127 - Bologna (Italy). Electronic address: - - 2014
Cholesterol can undergo oxidation through enzymatic or chemical mechanisms, generating a wide range of oxidation products (COPs) with adverse biological effects. COPs are characterized by different functional groups and are produced in different ratios or amounts, depending on the treatment and storage conditions. To follow the cholesterol oxidation process, 7-ketocholesterol ...
Lo Chunmin C CC Departments of 1 Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - - 2014
Apolipoprotein AIV (Apo AIV) and cholecystokinin (CCK) are secreted in response to fat consumption, and both cause satiation via CCK 1 receptor (CCK-1R)-containing vagal afferent nerves to the NTS where Apo AIV is also synthesized. Fasted male Long-Evans rats received ip CCK-8 or fourth-ventricular (i4vt) Apo AIV alone or in ...
Marttinen M M Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Background/ Objectives:We evaluated plant sterol and stanol (PS) intakes from natural sources and enriched foods in the Finnish population-based national FINDIET 2007 Survey. In addition, we compared the users and nonusers of PS-enriched foods in terms of their characteristics and dietary intake.Subjects/Methods:This was a cross-sectional population-based study on 958 men ...
Langsted Anne A Department of Clinical Biochemistry and the Copenhagen General Population Study, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
There are no recommendations in guidelines on measuring lipoprotein(a) in the fasting or nonfasting state, or on the influence of inflammation. We tested the hypotheses that lipoprotein(a) levels change only minimally in response to normal food intake, and to inflammation. Also, we tested whether normal food intake or inflammation influenced ...
Elorriaga Natalia N 1 South American Center for Cardiovascular Health (CESCAS/SACECH), Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Dr Emilio Ravignani 2024, C1414CPV, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
To assess the reproducibility and validity among adults in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Argentina, Chile and Uruguay) of a self-administered FFQ to be used in the CESCAS I Study, an ongoing observational prospective cohort study to detect and follow up CVD and their risk factors, as well as ...
Ganesan Balasubramanian - - 2014
A $600 million nutritional supplements market growing at 30% every year attests to consumer awareness of, and interests in, health benefits attributed to these supplements. For over 80 years the importance of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) consumption for human health has been established. The FDA recently approved the use of ω-3 ...
Chen Gu G a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology , 381 Wushan Road , 510641 , Guangzhou , - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia is one of the major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Hypolipidemic nutraceuticals and functional foods help improve serum lipid profiles as reducing total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while elevating high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The effectiveness of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, phytosterols, dietary fiber, and tea ...
Shariff Zalilah Mohd ZM Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between household food insecurity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among reproductive-aged women (n=625) in low income communities. The Radimer/Cornell Hunger and Food Insecurity instrument was utilized to assess food insecurity. Anthropometry, diet diversity, blood pressure and fasting venous blood for lipid and glucose profile ...
Iqbal Mohammad Perwaiz MP Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box-3500, Karachi-74800, - - 2014
Trans fatty acids (TFA) are produced either by hydrogenation of unsaturated oils or by biohydrogenation in the stomach of ruminant animals. Vanaspati ghee and margarine have high contents of TFA. A number of studies have shown an association of TFA consumption and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This increased ...
Layman Donald K DK University of Illinois; Egg Nutrition Center, Park Ridge, Illinois 60068. Electronic address: - - 2013
The food industry is the point of final integration of consumer food choices with dietary guidelines, economic realities, and personal preferences. For more than forty years, nutrition recommendations emphasized reducing dietary intake of animal fats, cholesterol, and protein and increasing intake of cereal grains. The food industry responded by creating ...
Yao Mingfei M Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA - - 2013
The oral bioavailability of lipophilic bioactive molecules can be greatly increased by encapsulating them within engineered lipid nanoparticles (ELNs), such as micelles, microemulsions, nanoemulsions, or solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs). After ingestion, these ELNs are disassembled in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and then reassembled into biological lipid nanoparticles (mixed micelles) in ...
Salmean Younis A - - 2013
Fiber intake may be low in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to diet restriction and/or poor appetite associated with uremic symptoms, contributing to constipation and reduced quality of life. This report describes the effects of foods with added fiber on gastrointestinal function and symptoms, clinical markers, and quality ...
Butler Gillian - - 2013
Milk, meat and eggs tend not to be regarded as an important source of PUFA. They are disproportionally high in SFA compared with their PUFA content, especially those from cattle and sheep, since their rumen microbes are responsible for the loss of over 90 % of PUFA intake by livestock. This ...
Lukas Marcus - - 2013
We studied the carbon metabolism in Daphnia when the amount of carbon (food quantity) and/or the content of biochemical nutrients (food quality) are limiting. Growth performances and carbon (C) budgets of Daphnia magna (assimilation, faeces egestion, excretion and respiration measured by [(14)C]-tracing) were analysed when animals were raised on different ...
Comunian Talita A TA Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos, Av. Duque de Caxias Norte, 225, CP 23, CEP 13535 900 Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The importance of ascorbic acid (AA) in the human diet has motivated food researchers to develop AA-fortified food products. However, this compound is very unstable. The aim of this work was to produce solid lipid microcapsules (SLMs) loaded with AA using microfluidic technology. The morphology of the SLMs was analysed ...
Taghizadeh Mohsen - - 2013
To our knowledge, no reports are available indicating the effects of synbiotic food consumption on blood lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress among pregnant women. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of daily consumption of a synbiotic food on blood lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress ...
Ferreira Rosângela Dos Santos Rdos S Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde e Desenvolvimento na Região Centro-Oeste, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo - - 2013
Introduction Although the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is accompanied by an attenuation of viral load, metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and lipodystrophy are often observed in patients under this treatment. Certain foods, such as oat bran, soy protein, and flaxseed, have been shown to improve a ...
Buscemi Silvio - - 2013
Street food (SF) is defined as out-of-home food consumption, and generally consists of energy-dense meals rich in saturated fats and poor in fibers, vitamins and antioxidants. Though SF consumption may have unfavorable metabolic and cardiovascular effects, its possible association with atherosclerosis has not been considered. The association between habitual SF ...
Cassagnol Manouchkathe - - 2013
Hypercholesterolemia affects over 34 million adults in the United States and is a major cause of coronary heart disease (CHD). Conventional therapies, such as statins, have demonstrated their ability to improve clinical end points and decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with CHD. Lomitapide (Juxtapid(®)), mipomersen (Kynamro(®)), and icosapent (Vascepa(®)) ...
Zeeni Nadine - - 2013
Tragopogon Porrifolius (white salsify) is an edible plant commonly used in folk medicine in Lebanon and neighbouring countries. This study investigates the effect of the aqueous extract of the aerial part of T. porrifolius on lipemia and appetite regulation using a rat model. Food intake, abdominal fat percentage, blood lipid ...
Khan Muhammad Issa - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome is one of the most vibrant and widely prevailing health concerns worldwide. It is characterized by several metabolic abnormalities, which involve obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, enhanced oxidative stress; hypertension and increased pro-inflammatory state that ultimate contribute towards poor health. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Pakistan according ...
Nunes Daniela - - 2013
To verify food consumption patterns and presence of risk anthropometric parameters in schizophrenic patients, trying to assess some modifiable cardiovascular risk. Twenty-five schizophrenic outpatients, attended at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, and 25 healthy controls matched by sex, age and body mass index (BMI) were included. Demographic ...
Gao Su - - 2013
Fatty acid metabolism is implicated in the hypothalamic control of food intake. In this regard, malonyl-CoA, an intermediate in fatty acid synthesis, is emerging as a key player. Malonyl-CoA in the hypothalamus has been proposed as an anorectic mediator in the central control of feeding. A large body of evidence ...
Ras Rouyanne T - - 2013
Intake of plant sterol (PS)-enriched foods effectively lowers plasma total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations while increasing plasma PS concentrations. The magnitude of this increase has not been systematically assessed. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PS-enriched foods on plasma PS concentrations by performing a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. ...
Willems Julie I - - 2013
Phytosterols (plant sterols and stanols), in the form of phytosterol-esters, are used in food products as active ingredients to lower elevated blood low density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations. In Europe, plant sterol-esters gained Novel Foods authorisation in 2000. As a requirement of the authorisation, Unilever developed a post-launch monitoring program to monitor ...
Chung H Y - - 2013
A total of 290 individual food samples were collected in Hong Kong, China, for 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) fatty acid esters analysis. Most samples were processed food and in ready-to-eat form. The results show that the levels of 3-MCPD fatty acid esters were high in biscuits, fats and oils, snacks and Chinese ...
RudziƄska Magdalena - - 2014
Oxidative changes of phytosterols were recently studied in vegetable oils and some food products. Cholesterol-lowering properties of phytosterols and phytostanols are the main driver for formulating functional foods containing these compounds. Margarines enriched in plant stanols were stored at two typical temperatures for up to 18weeks. Analysed margarines contained four ...
Bengtson Nash Susan - - 2013
Southern hemisphere humpback whales undertake the longest migrations and associated periods of fasting of any mammal. Fluctuations in lipid energy stores are known to profoundly affect the toxicokinetics of lipophilic organochlorine compound (OC) burdens. Results from blubber biopsy sampling of adult, male humpback whales at two time points of the ...
Li Dong D Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2013
Separation of municipal solid waste has been implemented in many cities in China. As a major component of municipal solid waste, food waste can be treated by anaerobic digestion (AD) for energy production. To provide reference data for disposing of food waste through engineering applications, continuous AD was carried out ...
Benatar Jocelyne R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is currently not known whether dairy food influences the risk of cardiovascular disease or diabetes. This study evaluates effects of changing dairy intake on cardio-metabolic risk factors. METHODS: 180 healthy volunteers were randomised to increase, reduce or not change their dairy intake for 1 month in response to ...
Berkowitz Seth A - - 2013
OBJECTIVEWe sought to determine whether food insecurity is associated with worse glycemic, cholesterol, and blood pressure control in adults with diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSWe conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from participants of the 1999-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. All adults with diabetes (type 1 or type 2) ...
Anderson James W - - 2013
Raisins are widely recommended as good foods and preferred snacks because of their nutrient content. They are rich in dietary fiber, potassium, and many health-promoting phytonutrients and antioxidants. Raisins have a high dietary fiber score. Laboratory studies document that raisins rank in the upper quartile of foods for antioxidant content. ...
Theodoropoulou Sofia - - 2013
We conducted a case-control study to assess the association between diet and risk of cataract in Athens, Greece. Totals of 314 cases and 314 frequency-matched controls of both sexes, aged 45-85 years and attending the ophthalmology department of a major teaching hospital in Athens, Greece, were included in the study. All ...
Choque Delgado Grethel Teresa - - 2013
Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) is an Andean tuberous root that is regarded as a functional food given that it contains fructooligosaccharides (FOS), inulin and phenolic compounds. The consumption of FOS and inulin improves the growth of bifidobacteria in the colon, enhances mineral absorption and gastrointestinal metabolism and plays a role in ...
Wilder Shawn M - - 2013
Understanding why food chains are relatively short in length has been an area of research and debate for decades. We tested if progressive changes in the nutritional content of arthropods with trophic position limit the availability of a key nutrient, lipid, for carnivores. Arthropods at higher trophic levels had progressively ...
Lampert Carine - - 2013
Tamoxifen (TAM) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) used in the treatment of breast cancer; however many women complain of weight gain during TAM treatment. The anorectic effects of estradiol (E) and TAM are well known, although the effects of E on the consumption of palatable food are controversial ...
McClements David Julian - - 2013
Food-grade nanoemulsions are being increasingly used in the food and beverage industry to encapsulate, protect, and deliver hydrophobic functional components, such as oil-soluble flavors, colors, preservatives, vitamins, and nutraceuticals. These nanoemulsions contain lipid nanoparticles (radius < 100 nm) whose physicochemical characteristics (e.g., composition, dimensions, structure, charge, and physical state) can ...
van den Berg Sjoerd A A - - 2013
Mutations in apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) have been associated with hypertriglyceridemia in humans and mice. This has been attributed to a stimulating role for APOA5 in lipoprotein lipase-mediated triglyceride hydrolysis and hepatic clearance of lipoprotein remnant particles. However, because of the low APOA5 plasma abundance, we investigated an additional signaling role ...
Michalski M C - - 2013
On a nutritional standpoint, lipids are now being studied beyond their energy content and fatty acid (FA) profiles. Dietary FA are building blocks of a huge diversity of more complex molecules such as triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL), themselves organised in supramolecular structures presenting different thermal behaviours. They are generally ...
Sohrab Golbon - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between total polyphenol intake, its subclasses (including flavonoids, phenolic acids, stilbenes and lignans), and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative of 2618 adults, aged 19 to 84 years. Dietary intake ...
Nesic Dejan M - - 2013
Ghrelin is an endogenous peptide potentially useful in therapy of anorexia and other age-related metabolic disturbances. We evaluated the influence of age on the orexigenic and lipid metabolism-altering effects of ghrelin. Peripubertal, young, adult and middle-aged rats (1, 2, 7 and 12 months old, respectively) were treated with 5 daily ...
Kim Heon Woong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Rice is the staple food and one of the world's three major grain crops. Rice contains more than 100 bioactive substances including phytic acid, isovitexin, ¿-oryzanol, phytosterols, octacosanol, squalene, ¿-aminobutyric acid (GABA), tocopherol, tocotrienol derivatives, etc. Out of them, ¿-oryzanol is known to have important biological profile such as ...
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