Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 664
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Luo Zhen-Ling ZL Key Laboratory of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education, Northeast Agricultural University, 150030, Harbin, PR China; Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, Northeast Agricultural University, 150030, Harbin, PR - - 2014
Treatment of food proteins by enzymatic crosslinking and other reactions can confer modified properties on the treated proteins. Bovine gelatin and hydrolyzed bovine gelatin were used to generate two caseinate-based composites via transglutaminase, and potential useful properties to food processing were investigated for both composites. Caseinate-gelatin and caseinate-hydrolyzed gelatin composites ...
Mattar L L Department of Natural Sciences, Lebanese American University, Beirut, - - 2014
Very little is known about media violence and its effect on appetite and eating behavior. The present study aims at investigating the immediate acute effect of violence in movies on mood, stress, appetite perception and food preferences in a real-life setting. A total of 447 subjects (F=202; M=239) completed a ...
Adeyemo Mopelola A MA Program in Developmental Endocrinology and Genetics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of - - 2014
Metformin's ability to promote weight loss is believed to be at least partly attributable to decreased energy consumption. There are few data regarding the effects of metformin on energy intake in children. We therefore investigated metformin's effects on appetite and energy intake in obese hyperinsulinemic children. We conducted a 6-month ...
Berthaume Michael A MA Medical and Biological Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hull, Kingston upon Hull HU6 7RX, UK Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA - - 2014
Teeth are often assumed to be optimal for their function, which allows researchers to derive dietary signatures from tooth shape. Most tooth shape analyses normalize for tooth size, potentially masking the relationship between relative food item size and tooth shape. Here, we model how relative food item size may affect ...
Park Won Young - - 2014
Currently, the videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is the standard tool for evaluating dysphagia. We evaluated whether the addition of endoscopistdirected flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) to VFSS could improve the detection rates of penetration, aspiration, and pharyngeal residue, compared the diagnostic efficacy between VFSS and endoscopist-directed FEES and assessed ...
Kim Sung-Gun SG Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dongguk University, Seoul, - - 2014
Although extensive literature is available on the viscosity of thickened beverages with food thickeners, no attempt has been made to study the effect of setting time on the viscosity of pudding-like cold-thickened beverages with xanthan gum (XG)-based thickeners by using a rheometer. In particular, it is of considerable practical importance ...
Primavesi Laura L Center Study SPRIM,Nutrition Department,Via Brisa 3,20133 - - 2014
Promotion of healthy eating can no longer be postponed as a priority, given the alarming growth rate of chronic degenerative diseases in Western countries. We elaborated a nutrieconomic model to assess and identify the most nutritious and affordable food choices. Seventy-one food items representing the main food categories were included ...
Halford Nigel G NG Plant Biology and Crop Science Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK nigel.halford@rothamsted.ac.uk - - 2014
The effects of abiotic stresses and crop management on cereal grain composition are reviewed, focusing on phytochemicals, vitamins, fibre, protein, free amino acids, sugars, and oils. These effects are discussed in the context of nutritional and processing quality and the potential for formation of processing contaminants, such as acrylamide, furan, ...
Robinson Eric E Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZA, UK; UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is consistent evidence that the amount of food we consume can be influenced by the eating behaviour of other people. Some previous experimental studies reported that consumers are unaware of this influence on their behaviour. The present research tested whether people may be more aware of social influence on ...
Almiron-Roig Eva E MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, 120 Fulbourn Road, Cambridge CB1 9NL, - - 2014
Larger food portions lead to increased intake but the mechanism behind this effect is unclear. We investigated the effect of portion size on bite size, eating rate, deceleration rate, and meal duration. Thirty-seven overweight women attended 5 visits after a 3h fast and consumed a 229, 303, 400, 529 or ...
Gong Fangping F State Key Laboratory of Wheat and Maize Crop Science, College of Life Science, Henan Agricultural University , Zhengzhou, China - - 2014
Abstract Maize originated in the highlands of Mexico approximately 8700 years ago and is one of the most commonly grown cereal crops worldwide, followed by wheat and rice. Abiotic stresses (primarily drought, salinity, and high and low temperatures), together with biotic stresses (primarily fungi, viruses, and pests), negatively affect maize ...
Cho HyunM - - 2014
Cold beverages are commonly thickened with commercial gum-based food thickeners for consumption by patients with dysphagia. In this study, the rheological properties of a thickened water and five thickened beverages (orange juice, apple juice, grape juice, whole milk, and a sport drink) that were prepared with four commercial instant xanthan ...
Marzke Mary W MW School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, - - 2014
It has long been assumed that stone tool making was a major factor in the evolution of derived hominin hand morphology. However, stresses on the hand associated with food retrieval and processing also have been recognized as relevant early hominin behaviors that should be investigated. To this end, chimpanzee food ...
Gletsu-Miller Nana N Department of Nutrition Science, Ingestive Behavior Research Center, - - 2014
This article is a summary of the symposium "Modifying Eating Behavior: Novel Approaches for Reducing Body Weight, Preventing Weight Regain, and Reducing Chronic Disease Risk" held 29 April 2014 at the ASN Scientific Sessions and Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology 2014 in San Diego, CA. In this symposium, novel approaches ...
Zink Katherine D KD Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although early Homo is hypothesized to have used tools more than australopiths to process foods prior to consumption, it is unknown how much the food processing techniques they used altered the material properties of foods, and therefore the masticatory forces they generated, and how well they were able to comminute ...
Sagis L M C LM Physics and Physical Chemistry of Foods, Dept AFSG, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708WG Wageningen, The - - 2014
Interfaces stabilized by food-based ingredients, such as proteins or glycolipids, often display nonlinear behavior when subjected to oscillatory dilatational deformations, even at the lowest deformation amplitudes which can currently be applied experimentally. Here we show that classical approaches to extract dilatational properties, based on the Young-Laplace equation, may not always ...
Steele Catriona M CM International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative (IDDSI) Working Committee, Brisbane, Australia, - - 2014
Texture modification has become one of the most common forms of intervention for dysphagia, and is widely considered important for promoting safe and efficient swallowing. However, to date, there is no single convention with respect to the terminology used to describe levels of liquid thickening or food texture modification for ...
Ming Jian J College of Food Science, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, P.R. - - 2014
Lentinus edodes is an edible mushroom commonly known as shiitake, which is the second most produced and consumed edible mushroom in the world and is an important nutrient source in the human diet. To fully use L. edodes, the mushrooms are occasionally ground into powder as a flavorful and functional ...
Logan Kirstyn K Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W. - - 2014
The effects of a simulated in vitro digestion on the viscosity of orange juice with added high methoxyl (HM), low methoxyl (LM), and low methoxyl amidated (LMA) pectins were examined in conjunction with a human satiety study with healthy men (n = 10) and women (n = 15). Orange juice ...
Wood Brian M BM Department of Anthropology, Yale University, 10 Sachem Street, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA, - - 2014
Observations of Hadza men foraging out of camp and sharing food in camp show that men seeking to maximize the flow of calories to their families should pursue large game, and that hunting large game does not pose a collective action problem. These data also show that Hadza men frequently ...
McAfee Robert K RK Ohio Northern University, Department of Biological & Allied Health Sciences, 525 S. Main Street, Ada, OH 45810, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
The purpose of this investigation was to explore the role and interplay that bite force has on the formation of microwear features upon the dentition of two- and three-fingered tree sloths (Choloepus and Bradypus, respectively), with the hypothesis that increasing relative bite force would correlate with an increase in frequency ...
Mróz Lawrence W LW Centre for Men's Health, Leeds Metropolitan University, Queen Square House, 80 Woodhouse Lane, Leeds United Kingdom LS2 - - 2014
Nutrition plays an important role in the health of men diagnosed with prostate cancer and dietary interventions can therefore be a significant part of prostate cancer survivorship supportive care. Family food provision, however, involves complex social interactions, which shape how men engage with their diets and dietary interventions. The role ...
Loetscher Y Y 1ETH Zurich,Institute of Agricultural Sciences,Universitaetstrasse 2,8092 - - 2014
The valorization of spent hens via the food chain has some major limitations, which include low meat yield and tough meat. The latter issue can be overcome by producing convenience foods; the first may be alleviated by employing a genotype with higher meatiness. To quantitatively compare two common layer genotypes ...
Dominik Janusz J Istituto di Scienze Marine - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Arsenale - Tesa 104, Castello 2737/F 30122 Venezia, Italy; Institute F.-A. Forel, Université de Genève, CP 416, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sediments and biota samples were collected in a restricted area of the Lagoon of Venice and analysed for total mercury, monomethyl mercury (MMHg), and nitrogen and carbon isotopes. Results were used to examine mercury biomagnification in a complex food chain. Sedimentary organic matter (SOM) proved to be a major source ...
Park Jun-Hwan JH Department of Bioenvironmental Chemistry and Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, South - - 2014
The acaricidal activities of peppermint oil and menthol isomers against mites in stored food were evaluated using fumigant and contact bioassays and were compared with the activity of benzyl benzoate as a synthetic acaricide. Based on the 50% lethal dose (LD50) values against Tyrophagus putrescentiae in the fumigant bioassay, menthol ...
Santos Leonardo Pozza Dos - - 2014
OBJECTIVE To propose a short version of the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. METHODS Two samples were used to test the results obtained in the analyses in two distinct scenarios. One of the studies was composed of 230 low income families from Pelotas, RS, Southern Brazil, and the other was composed ...
Julia Chantal C Paris 13 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), Epidemiology and Statistics Research Center (CRESS), UMR 1153 Inserm, U1125 INRA, CNAM, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, F-93017, Bobigny, France; and Public Health Department, Avicenne Hospital (AP-HP), Bobigny, France - - 2014
Nutrient profiling systems could be useful public health tools as a basis for front-of-package nutrition labeling, advertising regulations, or food taxes. However, their ability beyond characterization of foods to adequately characterize individual diets necessitates further investigation. The objectives of this study were 1) to calculate a score at the individual ...
Boehm Michael W MW School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Queensland, Australia. - - 2014
Oral processing of most foods is inherently destructive: solids are broken into particles before reassembly into a hydrated bolus while salivary enzymes degrade food components. In order to investigate the underlying physics driving changes during oral processing, we capture the transient rheological behaviour of a simulated potato chip bolus during ...
Van Hook Jennifer J Department of Sociology and Criminology and Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA, - - 2014
This study introduces a flexible indicator of dietary acculturation that measures immigrants' eating behavior relative to U.S.-born persons. Using 24-hour dietary recall data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey pooled across multiple years from 1999/00 through 2009/10, we developed and tested the validity of the "Food Similarity ...
Vadiveloo Maya M Department of Nutrition,Harvard School of Public Health,655 Huntington Avenue, Building 2, Room - - 2014
Varied diets are diverse with respect to diet quality, and existing dietary variety indices do not capture this heterogeneity. We developed and evaluated the multidimensional US Healthy Food Diversity (HFD) index, which measures dietary variety, dietary quality and proportionality according to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). In the ...
Atigui Moufida M Livestock and Wildlife Laboratory,Arid Lands Institute - University of Gabes,4119 - - 2014
We studied the effects of changes in the milking routine (lack or presence of 30-s prestimulation, 0 or 1, 2 or 4-min delay between preparation and cluster attachment) and environmental perturbation (unusual loud sounds capable of frightening animals just after stall entry or during the course of milking) on milk ...
Cornelsen Laura L London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health, London, - - 2014
Recent years have seen considerable interest in examining the impact of food prices on food consumption and subsequent health consequences. Fiscal policies targeting the relative price of unhealthy foods are frequently put forward as ways to address the obesity epidemic. Conversely, various food subsidy interventions are used in attempts to ...
Mason Susan M SM Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appears to increase obesity risk but the pathways by which PTSD leads to weight gain are not known. Identification of the links between PTSD and obesogenic eating behaviors is necessary to clarify this pathway and inform development of obesity prevention strategies in PTSD-affected populations. To determine ...
Mondal Arpita A Dept. of Nutrition and Food Science, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, - - 2014
Low-moisture foods have been responsible for a number of salmonellosis outbreaks worldwide over the last few decades, with cross contamination from contaminated equipment being the most predominant source. To date, actions have been focused on stringent hygienic practices prior to production, namely periodical sanitization of the processing equipment and lines. ...
Sharma Sunil S Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, 2000 Circle of Hope Dr, Rm 3360, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA, - - 2014
This 2-arm, phase 1, crossover study compared the relative bioavailability of two dovitinib (TKI258) capsule formulations [anhydrate clinical service form (CSF) and monohydrate final market image (FMI); Arm 1] and determined the effect of food on dovitinib exposure (Arm 2). Patients with advanced solid tumors were enrolled in one of ...
Papier Keren K National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia; Population Health Department, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between stress and food selection patterns by sex among first-year undergraduate students studying in an Australian university. Participating in this cross-sectional study were 728 (331 men and 397 female students) first-year students, ages >18 y, attending the Gold Coast Campus of ...
Barnhill Anne - - 2014
Unhealthy eating can have value for individuals and groups, even while it has disvalue in virtue of being unhealthy. In this paper, we discuss some ways in which unhealthy eating has value and draw out implications for the ethics of policies limiting access to unhealthy food. Discussing the value and ...
Gorniak Tobias T a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of summer temperatures in a temperate climate on mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows. Therefore, a data set was examined comprising five trials with dairy cows conducted at the experimental station of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute in Braunschweig, Germany. The temperature-humidity index (THI) ...
Ashokkumar Muthupandian M School of Chemistry, University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia; Chemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Improving the quality and nutritional aspects of food is one of the key issues for healthy life of human beings. The stability during storage is an important parameter in quality assurance of food products. Various processing techniques such as high pressure, thermal, pulsed electric field and microwave have been used ...
Cruwys Tegan T School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A major determinant of human eating behavior is social modeling, whereby people use the eating of others as guide for what and how much to eat. We review the experimental studies that have independently manipulated the eating behavior of a social referent (either through a live confederate or remotely) and ...
Magalhães I B IB Department of Clinical Dentistry, Vale do Rio Verde University - UNINCOR, Tres Coracoes, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that treatment with orthodontic appliances disturbs masticatory and swallowing performances. Twenty-seven subjects with malocclusions requiring orthodontic treatment were included in this prospective study. The masticatory and swallowing performances were evaluated at five different times: before bracket placement (T0), immediately after archwire placement (T1), 48 h after archwire ...
Deane Andrew S AS Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky, College of Medicine, MN 224 UK Medical Center, Lexington, KY, USA, - - 2014
Anthropoid incisors are large relative to the postcanine dentition and function in the pre-processing of food items. Previous analyses of anthropoid incisor allometry and shape demonstrate that incisor morphology is correlated with preferred foods and that more frugivorous anthropoids have larger and more curved incisors. Although the relationship between incisal ...
Bello Nicholas T NT Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA; Graduate Program in Endocrinology and Animal Biosciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA; New Jersey Institute for Food, Nutrition, and Health, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Binge eating is a prominent feature of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Stress or perceived stress is an often-cited reason for binge eating. One notion is that the neural pathways that overlap with stress reactivity and feeding behavior are altered by recurrent binge eating. Using young adult female rats ...
Shamim Shariq - - 2014
Red yeast rice is an ancient Chinese food product that contains monacolins, chemical substances that are similar to statins in their mechanisms of action and lipid lowering properties. Several studies have found red yeast rice to be moderately effective at improving the lipid profile, particularly for lowering the low-density lipoprotein ...
Drouillard Ken G KG Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, N9B 3P4, Canada, - - 2014
A vial equilibration technique was used to estimate the fugacity capacities of food and feces samples for 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene (TCB). The method was calibrated using different volumes of n-octanol and by comparing the measured and predicted fugacity capacity (Zoct) of n-octanol for TCB. The vial equilibration technique showed linearity with increasing ...
Wong C L CL Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Few studies have examined consumer acceptability or comprehension of cholesterol-lowering claims on food labels. Our objective was to assess consumer attitudes and understanding of cholesterol-lowering claims regarding plant sterols (PS) and oat fibre (OF).Subjects/Methods:We conducted two studies on: (1) PS claims and (2) OF claims. Both studies involved a randomized ...
Souza Aloisio Hp AH Center of Agricultural Sciences, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790, CEP 87020-900, Maringa, PR, - - 2014
Hamburger is meat based food, easy to prepare and widely consumed. It can be enriched using different ingredients, such as chia's byproduct that is rich in omega-3. Chemometrics is a very interesting tool to assess the influence of ingredients in the composition of foods. A complete factorial design 2(2) (two ...
Scholz B B Institute of Animal Welfare and Animal Husbandry, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Doernbergstrasse 25/27, 29223 Celle, Germany - - 2014
Within the European Union, dustbathing material in cage-housing systems for laying hens became compulsory in 2012. In practice, most producers use food particles as litter substrate. The feed is dropped in small amounts on scratching mats by an automatic transporting system. However, because dustbathing behavior is meant to remove stale ...
Han Jung Mi - - 2014
Dietary factors are closely associated with the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Asian and Western diets differ in energy-nutrient composition, fatty-acid composition, and main nutritional sources; therefore, the implications would be limited if the Western-oriented study results were applied to Asian patients. We aimed to identify the nutrient ...
El Ansari Walid - - 2014
The current study assessed, by university and sex, the association between nutritional behaviour (twelve independent variables), and stress and depressive symptoms (dependent variables) in a sample from three UK countries. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken among undergraduates enrolled across seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (N = 3,706). ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >