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Berthaume Michael A MA Medical and Biological Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hull, Kingston upon Hull HU6 7RX, UK Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA - - 2014
Teeth are often assumed to be optimal for their function, which allows researchers to derive dietary signatures from tooth shape. Most tooth shape analyses normalize for tooth size, potentially masking the relationship between relative food item size and tooth shape. Here, we model how relative food item size may affect ...
Logan Kirstyn K Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W. - - 2014
The effects of a simulated in vitro digestion on the viscosity of orange juice with added high methoxyl (HM), low methoxyl (LM), and low methoxyl amidated (LMA) pectins were examined in conjunction with a human satiety study with healthy men (n = 10) and women (n = 15). Orange juice ...
Wood Brian M BM Department of Anthropology, Yale University, 10 Sachem Street, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA, - - 2014
Observations of Hadza men foraging out of camp and sharing food in camp show that men seeking to maximize the flow of calories to their families should pursue large game, and that hunting large game does not pose a collective action problem. These data also show that Hadza men frequently ...
Mróz Lawrence W LW Centre for Men's Health, Leeds Metropolitan University, Queen Square House, 80 Woodhouse Lane, Leeds United Kingdom LS2 - - 2014
Nutrition plays an important role in the health of men diagnosed with prostate cancer and dietary interventions can therefore be a significant part of prostate cancer survivorship supportive care. Family food provision, however, involves complex social interactions, which shape how men engage with their diets and dietary interventions. The role ...
Loetscher Y Y 1ETH Zurich,Institute of Agricultural Sciences,Universitaetstrasse 2,8092 - - 2014
The valorization of spent hens via the food chain has some major limitations, which include low meat yield and tough meat. The latter issue can be overcome by producing convenience foods; the first may be alleviated by employing a genotype with higher meatiness. To quantitatively compare two common layer genotypes ...
Dominik Janusz J Istituto di Scienze Marine - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Arsenale - Tesa 104, Castello 2737/F 30122 Venezia, Italy; Institute F.-A. Forel, Université de Genève, CP 416, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sediments and biota samples were collected in a restricted area of the Lagoon of Venice and analysed for total mercury, monomethyl mercury (MMHg), and nitrogen and carbon isotopes. Results were used to examine mercury biomagnification in a complex food chain. Sedimentary organic matter (SOM) proved to be a major source ...
Park Jun-Hwan JH Department of Bioenvironmental Chemistry and Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, South - - 2014
The acaricidal activities of peppermint oil and menthol isomers against mites in stored food were evaluated using fumigant and contact bioassays and were compared with the activity of benzyl benzoate as a synthetic acaricide. Based on the 50% lethal dose (LD50) values against Tyrophagus putrescentiae in the fumigant bioassay, menthol ...
Boehm Michael W MW School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Queensland, Australia. - - 2014
Oral processing of most foods is inherently destructive: solids are broken into particles before reassembly into a hydrated bolus while salivary enzymes degrade food components. In order to investigate the underlying physics driving changes during oral processing, we capture the transient rheological behaviour of a simulated potato chip bolus during ...
Van Hook Jennifer J Department of Sociology and Criminology and Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA, - - 2014
This study introduces a flexible indicator of dietary acculturation that measures immigrants' eating behavior relative to U.S.-born persons. Using 24-hour dietary recall data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey pooled across multiple years from 1999/00 through 2009/10, we developed and tested the validity of the "Food Similarity ...
Vadiveloo Maya M Department of Nutrition,Harvard School of Public Health,655 Huntington Avenue, Building 2, Room - - 2014
Varied diets are diverse with respect to diet quality, and existing dietary variety indices do not capture this heterogeneity. We developed and evaluated the multidimensional US Healthy Food Diversity (HFD) index, which measures dietary variety, dietary quality and proportionality according to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). In the ...
Atigui Moufida M Livestock and Wildlife Laboratory,Arid Lands Institute - University of Gabes,4119 - - 2014
We studied the effects of changes in the milking routine (lack or presence of 30-s prestimulation, 0 or 1, 2 or 4-min delay between preparation and cluster attachment) and environmental perturbation (unusual loud sounds capable of frightening animals just after stall entry or during the course of milking) on milk ...
Cornelsen Laura L London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health, London, - - 2014
Recent years have seen considerable interest in examining the impact of food prices on food consumption and subsequent health consequences. Fiscal policies targeting the relative price of unhealthy foods are frequently put forward as ways to address the obesity epidemic. Conversely, various food subsidy interventions are used in attempts to ...
Mason Susan M SM Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appears to increase obesity risk but the pathways by which PTSD leads to weight gain are not known. Identification of the links between PTSD and obesogenic eating behaviors is necessary to clarify this pathway and inform development of obesity prevention strategies in PTSD-affected populations. To determine ...
Mondal Arpita A Dept. of Nutrition and Food Science, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, - - 2014
Low-moisture foods have been responsible for a number of salmonellosis outbreaks worldwide over the last few decades, with cross contamination from contaminated equipment being the most predominant source. To date, actions have been focused on stringent hygienic practices prior to production, namely periodical sanitization of the processing equipment and lines. ...
Sharma Sunil S Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, 2000 Circle of Hope Dr, Rm 3360, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA, - - 2014
This 2-arm, phase 1, crossover study compared the relative bioavailability of two dovitinib (TKI258) capsule formulations [anhydrate clinical service form (CSF) and monohydrate final market image (FMI); Arm 1] and determined the effect of food on dovitinib exposure (Arm 2). Patients with advanced solid tumors were enrolled in one of ...
Gorniak Tobias T a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of summer temperatures in a temperate climate on mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows. Therefore, a data set was examined comprising five trials with dairy cows conducted at the experimental station of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute in Braunschweig, Germany. The temperature-humidity index (THI) ...
Ashokkumar Muthupandian M School of Chemistry, University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia; Chemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Improving the quality and nutritional aspects of food is one of the key issues for healthy life of human beings. The stability during storage is an important parameter in quality assurance of food products. Various processing techniques such as high pressure, thermal, pulsed electric field and microwave have been used ...
Cruwys Tegan T School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A major determinant of human eating behavior is social modeling, whereby people use the eating of others as guide for what and how much to eat. We review the experimental studies that have independently manipulated the eating behavior of a social referent (either through a live confederate or remotely) and ...
Magalhães I B IB Department of Clinical Dentistry, Vale do Rio Verde University - UNINCOR, Tres Coracoes, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that treatment with orthodontic appliances disturbs masticatory and swallowing performances. Twenty-seven subjects with malocclusions requiring orthodontic treatment were included in this prospective study. The masticatory and swallowing performances were evaluated at five different times: before bracket placement (T0), immediately after archwire placement (T1), 48 h after archwire ...
Deane Andrew S AS Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky, College of Medicine, MN 224 UK Medical Center, Lexington, KY, USA, - - 2014
Anthropoid incisors are large relative to the postcanine dentition and function in the pre-processing of food items. Previous analyses of anthropoid incisor allometry and shape demonstrate that incisor morphology is correlated with preferred foods and that more frugivorous anthropoids have larger and more curved incisors. Although the relationship between incisal ...
Bello Nicholas T NT Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA; Graduate Program in Endocrinology and Animal Biosciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA; New Jersey Institute for Food, Nutrition, and Health, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Binge eating is a prominent feature of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Stress or perceived stress is an often-cited reason for binge eating. One notion is that the neural pathways that overlap with stress reactivity and feeding behavior are altered by recurrent binge eating. Using young adult female rats ...
Shamim Shariq - - 2014
Red yeast rice is an ancient Chinese food product that contains monacolins, chemical substances that are similar to statins in their mechanisms of action and lipid lowering properties. Several studies have found red yeast rice to be moderately effective at improving the lipid profile, particularly for lowering the low-density lipoprotein ...
Drouillard Ken G KG Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, N9B 3P4, Canada, - - 2014
A vial equilibration technique was used to estimate the fugacity capacities of food and feces samples for 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene (TCB). The method was calibrated using different volumes of n-octanol and by comparing the measured and predicted fugacity capacity (Zoct) of n-octanol for TCB. The vial equilibration technique showed linearity with increasing ...
Wong C L CL Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Few studies have examined consumer acceptability or comprehension of cholesterol-lowering claims on food labels. Our objective was to assess consumer attitudes and understanding of cholesterol-lowering claims regarding plant sterols (PS) and oat fibre (OF).Subjects/Methods:We conducted two studies on: (1) PS claims and (2) OF claims. Both studies involved a randomized ...
Souza Aloisio Hp AH Center of Agricultural Sciences, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790, CEP 87020-900, Maringa, PR, - - 2014
Hamburger is meat based food, easy to prepare and widely consumed. It can be enriched using different ingredients, such as chia's byproduct that is rich in omega-3. Chemometrics is a very interesting tool to assess the influence of ingredients in the composition of foods. A complete factorial design 2(2) (two ...
Scholz B B Institute of Animal Welfare and Animal Husbandry, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Doernbergstrasse 25/27, 29223 Celle, Germany - - 2014
Within the European Union, dustbathing material in cage-housing systems for laying hens became compulsory in 2012. In practice, most producers use food particles as litter substrate. The feed is dropped in small amounts on scratching mats by an automatic transporting system. However, because dustbathing behavior is meant to remove stale ...
Han Jung Mi - - 2014
Dietary factors are closely associated with the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Asian and Western diets differ in energy-nutrient composition, fatty-acid composition, and main nutritional sources; therefore, the implications would be limited if the Western-oriented study results were applied to Asian patients. We aimed to identify the nutrient ...
El Ansari Walid - - 2014
The current study assessed, by university and sex, the association between nutritional behaviour (twelve independent variables), and stress and depressive symptoms (dependent variables) in a sample from three UK countries. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken among undergraduates enrolled across seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (N = 3,706). ...
Christophersen Philip C PC Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The effect of food intake on the release and degradation of peptide drugs from solid lipid particles is unknown and was therefore investigated in vitro using different fed state media in a lipolysis model. Desmopressin was used as a model peptide and incorporated into solid lipid particles consisting of trimyristin ...
Morales María M R&D Department, Laboratorios LETI, Calle del Sol, 5, 28760 Tres Cantos (Madrid), - - 2014
Non-specific lipid-transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are a family of pan-allergens present in foods and pollen. However, sequence homology among them is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the IgE-mediated cross-reactivity between nsLTPs from different sources and evaluate the allergenic properties of LTPs from peach (Pru p 3) and ...
Hwang Ji-Yun JY Graduate School of Education, Sangmyung University, Seoul 110-743, - - 2014
The immigrant population has grown considerably in South Korea since the early 1990s due to international marriages. Dietary changes in immigrants are an important issue, because they are related to health and disease patterns. This study was conducted to compare changes in dietary intake between baseline and follow-up periods. Two ...
Münger Linda H LH ETH Zurich, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, Schmelzbergstrasse 9, CH-8092 Zurich, - - 2014
Steryl glycosides (SG) contribute significantly to the total intake of phytosterols. The standard analytical procedure involving acid hydrolysis fails to reflect the correct sterol profile of SG due to isomerization of some of the labile sterols. Therefore, various glycosylases were evaluated for their ability to hydrolyse SG under milder conditions. ...
Alemany L L Nutrition and Food Chemistry. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Avda. Vicente Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 - Burjassot (Valencia). - - 2014
High dietary intakes of cholesterol together with sedentary habits have been identified as major contributors to atherosclerosis. The latter has long been considered a cholesterol storage disease; however, today atherosclerosis is considered a more complex disease in which both innate and adaptive immune-inflammatory mechanisms as well as bacteria play a ...
Peng Hui - - 2014
Dechloranes are of particular concern because of their ubiquity in environmental matrices, but little is known about their trophic transfer in aquatic food web. This study investigated the trophic transfer of seven dechloranes in a marine food web from Liaodong Bay, China. Dechloranes were determined in sediments and fifteen marine ...
Torres-Fuentes Cristina C Instituto de la Grasa (C.S.I.C.), Avda. Padre García Tejero 4, 41012-, Sevilla, - - 2014
Transition metals produce radical oxygen species (ROS) promoting lipid peroxidation processes that favor the development of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, the oxidation of lipids present in food may affect the quality of food products. Therefore, antioxidants counteracting these metals pro-oxidant effects may have high potential for pharmacology and ...
Detopoulou P P Department of Nutrition-Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Street, 17671, Athens, - - 2014
Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent inflammatory mediator, is implicated in atherosclerosis. Its key biosynthetic enzymes are lyso-PAF acetyltransferases (lyso-PAF-AT), responsible for PAF synthesis through the remodeling route and a specific CDP-choline:1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol cholinephosphotransferase (PAF-CPT), responsible for its de novo biosynthesis. PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) and its extracellular isoform lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 catabolize ...
Wu Hua-Shan HS *School of Nursing, and Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung †Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing §Insitute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei ‡Department of Nursing, Hsin-Sheng College of Medical Care and Management, Taoyuan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects on recall performance, cognitive status, and food intake when using accumulating cues in a spaced retrieval (SR) paradigm. In a double-blinded experimental design, 32 participants in the SR combined with errorless learning (SR/EL) group and 29 participants in the SR-only ...
Durazzo A A Agricultural Research Council-Food and Nutrition Research Centre (CRA-NUT) , Rome , Italy - - 2014
Abstract This study aims at investigating the effect of an experimental period of intake of whole grain foods rich in lignans as part of an habitual diet on the plasma and urinary excretion of enterolignans, the biomarkers of lipid metabolism and the immunological and antioxidant status in a group of ...
Briend A A Institut de recherche pour le développement, 44, boulevard de Dunkerque, 13002 Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lipids are an important source of energy for young children and play a major role in the development and functioning of nervous tissue. Essential fatty acids and their long-chain derivatives also fulfill multiple metabolic functions and play a role in the regulation of numerous genes. The Food and Agriculture Organization ...
O'Brien Diane M DM Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology, - - 2014
The nitrogen isotope ratio (δ(15)N) of RBCs has been proposed as a biomarker of marine food intake in Yup'ik people based on strong associations with RBC eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). However, EPA and DHA derive from marine fats, whereas elevated δ(15)N derives from marine protein, and these ...
Rodriguez-Estrada Maria Teresa MT Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-Università di Bologna. Via Fanin 40, 40127 - Bologna (Italy). Electronic address: - - 2014
Cholesterol can undergo oxidation through enzymatic or chemical mechanisms, generating a wide range of oxidation products (COPs) with adverse biological effects. COPs are characterized by different functional groups and are produced in different ratios or amounts, depending on the treatment and storage conditions. To follow the cholesterol oxidation process, 7-ketocholesterol ...
Lo Chunmin C CC Departments of 1 Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - - 2014
Apolipoprotein AIV (Apo AIV) and cholecystokinin (CCK) are secreted in response to fat consumption, and both cause satiation via CCK 1 receptor (CCK-1R)-containing vagal afferent nerves to the NTS where Apo AIV is also synthesized. Fasted male Long-Evans rats received ip CCK-8 or fourth-ventricular (i4vt) Apo AIV alone or in ...
Marttinen M M Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Background/ Objectives:We evaluated plant sterol and stanol (PS) intakes from natural sources and enriched foods in the Finnish population-based national FINDIET 2007 Survey. In addition, we compared the users and nonusers of PS-enriched foods in terms of their characteristics and dietary intake.Subjects/Methods:This was a cross-sectional population-based study on 958 men ...
Langsted Anne A Department of Clinical Biochemistry and the Copenhagen General Population Study, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
There are no recommendations in guidelines on measuring lipoprotein(a) in the fasting or nonfasting state, or on the influence of inflammation. We tested the hypotheses that lipoprotein(a) levels change only minimally in response to normal food intake, and to inflammation. Also, we tested whether normal food intake or inflammation influenced ...
Elorriaga Natalia N 1 South American Center for Cardiovascular Health (CESCAS/SACECH), Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Dr Emilio Ravignani 2024, C1414CPV, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
To assess the reproducibility and validity among adults in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Argentina, Chile and Uruguay) of a self-administered FFQ to be used in the CESCAS I Study, an ongoing observational prospective cohort study to detect and follow up CVD and their risk factors, as well as ...
Ganesan Balasubramanian - - 2014
A $600 million nutritional supplements market growing at 30% every year attests to consumer awareness of, and interests in, health benefits attributed to these supplements. For over 80 years the importance of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) consumption for human health has been established. The FDA recently approved the use of ω-3 ...
Chen Gu G a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology , 381 Wushan Road , 510641 , Guangzhou , - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia is one of the major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Hypolipidemic nutraceuticals and functional foods help improve serum lipid profiles as reducing total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while elevating high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The effectiveness of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, phytosterols, dietary fiber, and tea ...
Shariff Zalilah Mohd ZM Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between household food insecurity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among reproductive-aged women (n=625) in low income communities. The Radimer/Cornell Hunger and Food Insecurity instrument was utilized to assess food insecurity. Anthropometry, diet diversity, blood pressure and fasting venous blood for lipid and glucose profile ...
Iqbal Mohammad Perwaiz MP Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box-3500, Karachi-74800, - - 2014
Trans fatty acids (TFA) are produced either by hydrogenation of unsaturated oils or by biohydrogenation in the stomach of ruminant animals. Vanaspati ghee and margarine have high contents of TFA. A number of studies have shown an association of TFA consumption and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This increased ...
Golledge Jonathan J Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia; Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, - - 2014
Salt intake has been implicated in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) through studies in rodent models but not previously studied in humans. The aim of this study was to examine the association between reported addition of salt to food and the prevalence of AAA. A risk factor questionnaire ...
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