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Christophersen Philip C PC Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The effect of food intake on the release and degradation of peptide drugs from solid lipid particles is unknown and was therefore investigated in vitro using different fed state media in a lipolysis model. Desmopressin was used as a model peptide and incorporated into solid lipid particles consisting of trimyristin ...
Morales María M R&D Department, Laboratorios LETI, Calle del Sol, 5, 28760 Tres Cantos (Madrid), - - 2014
Non-specific lipid-transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are a family of pan-allergens present in foods and pollen. However, sequence homology among them is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the IgE-mediated cross-reactivity between nsLTPs from different sources and evaluate the allergenic properties of LTPs from peach (Pru p 3) and ...
Hwang Ji-Yun JY Graduate School of Education, Sangmyung University, Seoul 110-743, - - 2014
The immigrant population has grown considerably in South Korea since the early 1990s due to international marriages. Dietary changes in immigrants are an important issue, because they are related to health and disease patterns. This study was conducted to compare changes in dietary intake between baseline and follow-up periods. Two ...
Münger Linda H LH ETH Zurich, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, Schmelzbergstrasse 9, CH-8092 Zurich, - - 2014
Steryl glycosides (SG) contribute significantly to the total intake of phytosterols. The standard analytical procedure involving acid hydrolysis fails to reflect the correct sterol profile of SG due to isomerization of some of the labile sterols. Therefore, various glycosylases were evaluated for their ability to hydrolyse SG under milder conditions. ...
Davey-Rothwell Melissa A MA Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, 2213 McElderry Street, 2 Floor, Baltimore, MD - - 2014
Food insecurity has been linked to poor physical and mental health as well as HIV risk behaviors. While prior research has shown that drug users are prone to food insecurity it is unclear if drug use exacerbates the physical and psychosocial consequences. A sample of women who used drugs (DU) ...
Alemany L L Nutrition and Food Chemistry. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Avda. Vicente Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 - Burjassot (Valencia). - - 2014
High dietary intakes of cholesterol together with sedentary habits have been identified as major contributors to atherosclerosis. The latter has long been considered a cholesterol storage disease; however, today atherosclerosis is considered a more complex disease in which both innate and adaptive immune-inflammatory mechanisms as well as bacteria play a ...
Peng Hui - - 2014
Dechloranes are of particular concern because of their ubiquity in environmental matrices, but little is known about their trophic transfer in aquatic food web. This study investigated the trophic transfer of seven dechloranes in a marine food web from Liaodong Bay, China. Dechloranes were determined in sediments and fifteen marine ...
Torres-Fuentes Cristina C Instituto de la Grasa (C.S.I.C.), Avda. Padre García Tejero 4, 41012-, Sevilla, - - 2014
Transition metals produce radical oxygen species (ROS) promoting lipid peroxidation processes that favor the development of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, the oxidation of lipids present in food may affect the quality of food products. Therefore, antioxidants counteracting these metals pro-oxidant effects may have high potential for pharmacology and ...
Detopoulou P P Department of Nutrition-Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Street, 17671, Athens, - - 2014
Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent inflammatory mediator, is implicated in atherosclerosis. Its key biosynthetic enzymes are lyso-PAF acetyltransferases (lyso-PAF-AT), responsible for PAF synthesis through the remodeling route and a specific CDP-choline:1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol cholinephosphotransferase (PAF-CPT), responsible for its de novo biosynthesis. PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) and its extracellular isoform lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 catabolize ...
Wu Hua-Shan HS *School of Nursing, and Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung †Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing §Insitute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei ‡Department of Nursing, Hsin-Sheng College of Medical Care and Management, Taoyuan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects on recall performance, cognitive status, and food intake when using accumulating cues in a spaced retrieval (SR) paradigm. In a double-blinded experimental design, 32 participants in the SR combined with errorless learning (SR/EL) group and 29 participants in the SR-only ...
Durazzo A A Agricultural Research Council-Food and Nutrition Research Centre (CRA-NUT) , Rome , Italy - - 2014
Abstract This study aims at investigating the effect of an experimental period of intake of whole grain foods rich in lignans as part of an habitual diet on the plasma and urinary excretion of enterolignans, the biomarkers of lipid metabolism and the immunological and antioxidant status in a group of ...
Briend A A Institut de recherche pour le développement, 44, boulevard de Dunkerque, 13002 Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lipids are an important source of energy for young children and play a major role in the development and functioning of nervous tissue. Essential fatty acids and their long-chain derivatives also fulfill multiple metabolic functions and play a role in the regulation of numerous genes. The Food and Agriculture Organization ...
O'Brien Diane M DM Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology, - - 2014
The nitrogen isotope ratio (δ(15)N) of RBCs has been proposed as a biomarker of marine food intake in Yup'ik people based on strong associations with RBC eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). However, EPA and DHA derive from marine fats, whereas elevated δ(15)N derives from marine protein, and these ...
Rodriguez-Estrada Maria Teresa MT Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-Università di Bologna. Via Fanin 40, 40127 - Bologna (Italy). Electronic address: - - 2014
Cholesterol can undergo oxidation through enzymatic or chemical mechanisms, generating a wide range of oxidation products (COPs) with adverse biological effects. COPs are characterized by different functional groups and are produced in different ratios or amounts, depending on the treatment and storage conditions. To follow the cholesterol oxidation process, 7-ketocholesterol ...
Lo Chunmin C CC Departments of 1 Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - - 2014
Apolipoprotein AIV (Apo AIV) and cholecystokinin (CCK) are secreted in response to fat consumption, and both cause satiation via CCK 1 receptor (CCK-1R)-containing vagal afferent nerves to the NTS where Apo AIV is also synthesized. Fasted male Long-Evans rats received ip CCK-8 or fourth-ventricular (i4vt) Apo AIV alone or in ...
Marttinen M M Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Background/ Objectives:We evaluated plant sterol and stanol (PS) intakes from natural sources and enriched foods in the Finnish population-based national FINDIET 2007 Survey. In addition, we compared the users and nonusers of PS-enriched foods in terms of their characteristics and dietary intake.Subjects/Methods:This was a cross-sectional population-based study on 958 men ...
Langsted Anne A Department of Clinical Biochemistry and the Copenhagen General Population Study, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
There are no recommendations in guidelines on measuring lipoprotein(a) in the fasting or nonfasting state, or on the influence of inflammation. We tested the hypotheses that lipoprotein(a) levels change only minimally in response to normal food intake, and to inflammation. Also, we tested whether normal food intake or inflammation influenced ...
Elorriaga Natalia N 1 South American Center for Cardiovascular Health (CESCAS/SACECH), Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Dr Emilio Ravignani 2024, C1414CPV, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
To assess the reproducibility and validity among adults in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Argentina, Chile and Uruguay) of a self-administered FFQ to be used in the CESCAS I Study, an ongoing observational prospective cohort study to detect and follow up CVD and their risk factors, as well as ...
Ganesan Balasubramanian - - 2014
A $600 million nutritional supplements market growing at 30% every year attests to consumer awareness of, and interests in, health benefits attributed to these supplements. For over 80 years the importance of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) consumption for human health has been established. The FDA recently approved the use of ω-3 ...
Chen Gu G a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology , 381 Wushan Road , 510641 , Guangzhou , - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia is one of the major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Hypolipidemic nutraceuticals and functional foods help improve serum lipid profiles as reducing total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while elevating high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The effectiveness of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, phytosterols, dietary fiber, and tea ...
Shariff Zalilah Mohd ZM Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between household food insecurity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among reproductive-aged women (n=625) in low income communities. The Radimer/Cornell Hunger and Food Insecurity instrument was utilized to assess food insecurity. Anthropometry, diet diversity, blood pressure and fasting venous blood for lipid and glucose profile ...
Iqbal Mohammad Perwaiz MP Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box-3500, Karachi-74800, - - 2014
Trans fatty acids (TFA) are produced either by hydrogenation of unsaturated oils or by biohydrogenation in the stomach of ruminant animals. Vanaspati ghee and margarine have high contents of TFA. A number of studies have shown an association of TFA consumption and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This increased ...
Golledge Jonathan J Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia; Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, - - 2014
Salt intake has been implicated in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) through studies in rodent models but not previously studied in humans. The aim of this study was to examine the association between reported addition of salt to food and the prevalence of AAA. A risk factor questionnaire ...
González-Ortiz Vanessa V Department of Biology, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences of University of Cadiz, Puerto Real, Cadiz, - - 2014
Seagrass shoots interact with hydrodynamic forces and thereby a positively or negatively influence the survival of associated species. The modification of these forces indirectly alters the physical transport and flux of edible particles within seagrass meadows, which will influence the growth and survivorship of associated filter-feeding organisms. The present work ...
Charlton Karen K School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. - - 2014
The World Health Organization promotes salt reduction as a best-buy strategy to reduce chronic diseases, and Member States have agreed to a 30% reduction target in mean population salt intake by 2025. Whilst the UK has made the most progress on salt reduction, South Africa was the first country to ...
Kurka Jonathan M JM Exercise and Wellness Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 500 N Third Street, Phoenix 85004, AZ, - - 2014
Athletes may be at risk for developing adverse health outcomes due to poor eating behaviors during college. Due to the complex nature of the diet, it is difficult to include or exclude individual food items and specific food groups from the diet. Eating behaviors may better characterize the complex interactions ...
Straker Leon M LM School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6845, - - 2014
To determine the effects of participation in Curtin University's Activity, Food and Attitudes Program (CAFAP), a community-based, family-centered behavioural intervention, on the physical activity, sedentary time, and healthy eating behaviours of overweight and obese adolescents. In this waitlist controlled clinical trial in Western Australia, adolescents (n = 69, 71% female, mean age ...
Vernouillet Alizée A Département de biologie, Université de Moncton, Moncton, - - 2014
Adult mortality can be a major driver of population decline in species whose productivity is relatively low. Yet, little is known about the factors influencing adult survival rates in migratory bird species, nor do we know much about the longer-term effects of habitat disturbance on the fitness of individuals. The ...
Darling Emily S ES Earth to Ocean Research Group, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada; Wildlife Conservation Society, Mombasa, - - 2014
Measuring the success or failure of natural resource management is a key challenge to evaluate the impact of conservation for ecological, economic and social outcomes. Marine reserves are a popular tool for managing coastal ecosystems and resources yet surprisingly few studies have quantified the social-economic impacts of marine reserves on ...
Layman Donald K DK University of Illinois; Egg Nutrition Center, Park Ridge, Illinois 60068. Electronic address: - - 2013
The food industry is the point of final integration of consumer food choices with dietary guidelines, economic realities, and personal preferences. For more than forty years, nutrition recommendations emphasized reducing dietary intake of animal fats, cholesterol, and protein and increasing intake of cereal grains. The food industry responded by creating ...
Yao Mingfei M Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA - - 2013
The oral bioavailability of lipophilic bioactive molecules can be greatly increased by encapsulating them within engineered lipid nanoparticles (ELNs), such as micelles, microemulsions, nanoemulsions, or solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs). After ingestion, these ELNs are disassembled in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and then reassembled into biological lipid nanoparticles (mixed micelles) in ...
Salmean Younis A - - 2013
Fiber intake may be low in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to diet restriction and/or poor appetite associated with uremic symptoms, contributing to constipation and reduced quality of life. This report describes the effects of foods with added fiber on gastrointestinal function and symptoms, clinical markers, and quality ...
Butler Gillian - - 2013
Milk, meat and eggs tend not to be regarded as an important source of PUFA. They are disproportionally high in SFA compared with their PUFA content, especially those from cattle and sheep, since their rumen microbes are responsible for the loss of over 90 % of PUFA intake by livestock. This ...
Lukas Marcus - - 2013
We studied the carbon metabolism in Daphnia when the amount of carbon (food quantity) and/or the content of biochemical nutrients (food quality) are limiting. Growth performances and carbon (C) budgets of Daphnia magna (assimilation, faeces egestion, excretion and respiration measured by [(14)C]-tracing) were analysed when animals were raised on different ...
Comunian Talita A TA Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos, Av. Duque de Caxias Norte, 225, CP 23, CEP 13535 900 Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The importance of ascorbic acid (AA) in the human diet has motivated food researchers to develop AA-fortified food products. However, this compound is very unstable. The aim of this work was to produce solid lipid microcapsules (SLMs) loaded with AA using microfluidic technology. The morphology of the SLMs was analysed ...
Taghizadeh Mohsen - - 2013
To our knowledge, no reports are available indicating the effects of synbiotic food consumption on blood lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress among pregnant women. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of daily consumption of a synbiotic food on blood lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress ...
Ferreira Rosângela Dos Santos Rdos S Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde e Desenvolvimento na Região Centro-Oeste, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo - - 2013
Introduction Although the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is accompanied by an attenuation of viral load, metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and lipodystrophy are often observed in patients under this treatment. Certain foods, such as oat bran, soy protein, and flaxseed, have been shown to improve a ...
Cusack Laura Kells LK Departments of Kinesiology - - 2013
Foods with added phytosterols/phytostanols (PS) are recommended to lower LDL cholesterol (LDL-c) concentrations. Manufacturers have incorporated PS into a variety of common foods. Understanding the cholesterol-lowering impact of the food matrix and the PS characteristics would maximize their success and increase the benefit to consumers. This review systematically examines whether ...
Buscemi Silvio - - 2013
Street food (SF) is defined as out-of-home food consumption, and generally consists of energy-dense meals rich in saturated fats and poor in fibers, vitamins and antioxidants. Though SF consumption may have unfavorable metabolic and cardiovascular effects, its possible association with atherosclerosis has not been considered. The association between habitual SF ...
Cassagnol Manouchkathe - - 2013
Hypercholesterolemia affects over 34 million adults in the United States and is a major cause of coronary heart disease (CHD). Conventional therapies, such as statins, have demonstrated their ability to improve clinical end points and decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with CHD. Lomitapide (Juxtapid(®)), mipomersen (Kynamro(®)), and icosapent (Vascepa(®)) ...
Zeeni Nadine - - 2013
Tragopogon Porrifolius (white salsify) is an edible plant commonly used in folk medicine in Lebanon and neighbouring countries. This study investigates the effect of the aqueous extract of the aerial part of T. porrifolius on lipemia and appetite regulation using a rat model. Food intake, abdominal fat percentage, blood lipid ...
Bali Vandana V a Biotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology , Longowal , 148106 , Punjab , - - 2013
ABSTRACT The nutritional and therapeutic benefits of prebiotics have attracted the keen interest of consumers and food processing industry for their use as food ingredients. Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), new alternative sweeteners, constitute 1-kestose, nystose, and 1-beta-fructofuranosyl nystose produced from sucrose by the action of fructosyltransferase from plants, bacteria, yeast and fungi. ...
Khan Muhammad Issa - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome is one of the most vibrant and widely prevailing health concerns worldwide. It is characterized by several metabolic abnormalities, which involve obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, enhanced oxidative stress; hypertension and increased pro-inflammatory state that ultimate contribute towards poor health. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Pakistan according ...
Nunes Daniela - - 2013
To verify food consumption patterns and presence of risk anthropometric parameters in schizophrenic patients, trying to assess some modifiable cardiovascular risk. Twenty-five schizophrenic outpatients, attended at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, and 25 healthy controls matched by sex, age and body mass index (BMI) were included. Demographic ...
Gao Su - - 2013
Fatty acid metabolism is implicated in the hypothalamic control of food intake. In this regard, malonyl-CoA, an intermediate in fatty acid synthesis, is emerging as a key player. Malonyl-CoA in the hypothalamus has been proposed as an anorectic mediator in the central control of feeding. A large body of evidence ...
Ras Rouyanne T - - 2013
Intake of plant sterol (PS)-enriched foods effectively lowers plasma total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations while increasing plasma PS concentrations. The magnitude of this increase has not been systematically assessed. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PS-enriched foods on plasma PS concentrations by performing a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. ...
Willems Julie I - - 2013
Phytosterols (plant sterols and stanols), in the form of phytosterol-esters, are used in food products as active ingredients to lower elevated blood low density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations. In Europe, plant sterol-esters gained Novel Foods authorisation in 2000. As a requirement of the authorisation, Unilever developed a post-launch monitoring program to monitor ...
Chung H Y - - 2013
A total of 290 individual food samples were collected in Hong Kong, China, for 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) fatty acid esters analysis. Most samples were processed food and in ready-to-eat form. The results show that the levels of 3-MCPD fatty acid esters were high in biscuits, fats and oils, snacks and Chinese ...
Rudzińska Magdalena - - 2014
Oxidative changes of phytosterols were recently studied in vegetable oils and some food products. Cholesterol-lowering properties of phytosterols and phytostanols are the main driver for formulating functional foods containing these compounds. Margarines enriched in plant stanols were stored at two typical temperatures for up to 18weeks. Analysed margarines contained four ...
Bengtson Nash Susan - - 2013
Southern hemisphere humpback whales undertake the longest migrations and associated periods of fasting of any mammal. Fluctuations in lipid energy stores are known to profoundly affect the toxicokinetics of lipophilic organochlorine compound (OC) burdens. Results from blubber biopsy sampling of adult, male humpback whales at two time points of the ...
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