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Lambert Jennifer E - - 2014
Fibre intake among North Americans is currently less than half the recommended amount. Consumers are interested in food products that could promote weight loss and improve health. Consequently, evaluation of unique fibre sources with potential gut-mediated benefits for metabolic health warrants investigation. Our objective is to assess the effects of ...
Hogenkamp P S PS Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sensory properties guide the amount that people eat. In particular, food texture plays an important role in a food's 'expected satiation', which in turn affects the food-related decision making process. One hypothesis is that incongruent pairing of a textural cue with a post-ingestive outcome compromises this process, leading to poor ...
Tsuchiya Masahiro M Divisions of Aging and Geriatric Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary habits are crucial factors affecting metabolic homeostasis. However, few animal experiments have addressed the effects of long-term feeding with soft food on parameters reflecting systemic health. Using mice, we compared the effects of short (3days) and long (17weeks from weaning) feeding periods between powdered food and normal pellet food ...
El Khoury D D Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Sodium alginate reduces appetite and glycemia, when consumed in water- and sugar-based drinks. But, its effects when added to other commonly consumed beverages have not been reported. Because chocolate milk (CM) is criticized for raising blood glucose more than unflavored milk, the aim of our study was to investigate the ...
Van Engelen M M Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Background and Objective:The role of sugars in solutions on subjective appetite and food intake (FI) has received little investigation in children. Therefore, we examined the effect of isocaloric solutions (200 kcal/250 ml) of sugars including sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup-55 (HFCS) or glucose, compared with a non-caloric sucralose control, on subjective appetite and ...
Forsberg Tina - - 2014
Fibre-rich rye products have been shown to have superior effects on self-reported appetite compared to white wheat bread and some studies have shown lower energy intake after subsequent meal. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of whole grain rye crisp bread (RB) versus refined wheat ...
van Buul Vincent J VJ Maastricht University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Human Biology, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The - - 2014
A causal role of fructose intake in the aetiology of the global obesity epidemic has been proposed in recent years. This proposition, however, rests on controversial interpretations of two distinct lines of research. On one hand, in mechanistic intervention studies, detrimental metabolic effects have been observed after excessive isolated fructose ...
George R R Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, - - 2014
The glycaemic responses of staples differ when eaten as mixed meals. We determined the glycaemic responses and glycaemic index (GI) values for common South Asian carbohydrate rich foods and the effect of adding curried chicken to them as mixed meals. The GI and glycaemic response to staples (basmati rice, pilau ...
Claire Detrain D Service d'Ecologie Sociale CP 213, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 50 avenue F. Rossevelt B-1050 Bruxelles - Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Carbohydrate sources such as plant exudates, nectar and honeydew represent the main source of energy for many ant species and contribute towards maintaining their mutualistic relationships with plants or aphid colonies. Here we characterise the sensitivity, feeding response curve and food intake efficiency of the aphid tending ant, Lasius niger ...
Ranum Peter P Independent consultant, Tucson, - - 2014
Maize (Zea mays), also called corn, is believed to have originated in central Mexico 7000 years ago from a wild grass, and Native Americans transformed maize into a better source of food. Maize contains approximately 72% starch, 10% protein, and 4% fat, supplying an energy density of 365 Kcal/100 g ...
Müller-Deile Janina J Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to analyse if intra-dialytic food intake may lead to changes in online Kt/V. Methods: Forty patients were analysed using haemodialysis machines with integrated online Kt/V monitoring based on UV absorbance or ionic dialysance. Kt/V was monitored before, during and after food intake. Samples ...
Nguyen Amy D AD Neuroscience Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW 2010, - - 2014
Orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and dynorphin (DYN) regulate energy homeostasis. Single NPY or dynorphin deletion reduces food intake or increases fat loss. Future developments of obesity therapeutics involve targeting multiple pathways. We hypothesised that NPY and dynorphin regulate energy homeostasis independently, thus double NPY and dynorphin ablation would result in ...
Kim Eunmi E Dept. of Traditional Industry, Korea Food Research Inst, 463-746, Baekhyun dong, Songnam, Kyunggido Republic of - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare the metabolizable energies of Korean starch foods by an animal metabolic study with those calculated using well-known energy conversion factors. There were 12 experimental diets (that is, 7 Korean foods, 3 Western foods, and 2 control foods): barley, brown rice, laver-rolled rice, rice mixed ...
Ackroff Karen K Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210 USA; Cognition, Brain and Behavior Doctoral Subprogram, The Graduate School, City University of New York, New York10016, NY 11210 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat appetite is determined not only by orosensory (flavor) stimuli but also by the post-oral actions of dietary fat, which promote increased attraction to the flavors of high-fat foods. Experiment 1 presents a concentration-response analysis of how intragastric (IG) fat self-infusions stimulate intake and condition flavor preferences in C57BL/6J mice ...
Botelho Priscilla S PS Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, S/N, Dois Irmãos, Recife CEP: 52171-900, - - 2014
Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPSs) have been widely studied in recent decades due to similarity to gums used in the food industry. Exopolysaccharides can be used in food processing as a thickener and/or stabiliser. This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties, thermal behaviour and structural composition of the lyophilised EPS obtained ...
Sigurdson Gregory T - - 2014
Use of artificial food colorants has declined due to health concerns and consumer demand making natural alternatives a high demand. The effects of Al3+ salt on food source anthocyanins were evaluated with the objective to better understand blue color development of metallo-anthocyanins. This is one of the first known studies ...
Anekwe Tobenna D TD The authors are with the Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated the association between the price of healthy and less-healthy food groups and blood sugar among US adults with type 2 diabetes. Methods. We linked 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey health information to food prices contained in the Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database. We regressed blood sugar ...
Soengas José L JL Laboratorio de Fisioloxía Animal, Departamento de Bioloxía Funcional e Ciencias da Saúde, Facultade de Bioloxía, Universidade de Vigo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food intake in fish is a complex process regulated through many different factors including abundance of energy and nutrients. In recent years, evidence have been obtained in several fishes, mainly in rainbow trout, regarding the presence and functioning in brain areas of metabolic sensors informing about changes in the levels ...
Bajón Fernández Y Y Cranfield Water Science Institute, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, - - 2014
The increasing concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere and the stringent greenhouse gases (GHG) reduction targets, require the development of CO2 sequestration technologies applicable for the waste and wastewater sector. This study addressed the reduction of CO2 emissions and enhancement of biogas production associated with CO2 enrichment of ...
Pleissner Daniel D School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong - - 2014
Potential of fungal hydrolysis in submerged fermentation by Aspergillus awamori and Aspergillus oryzae as a food waste treatment process and for preparation of fermentation feedstock has been investigated. By fungal hydrolysis, 80-90% of the initial amount of waste was reduced and degraded within 36-48h into glucose, free amino nitrogen (FAN) ...
Campos Jenyffer M JM Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição-Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Rua Nelson Chaves, s/n, Cidade Universitária, CEP 50670-901, Recife, Pernambuco, - - 2014
Biosurfactants are of considerable interest due to their biodegradability, low degree of toxicity, and diverse applications. However, the high production costs involved in the acquisition of biosurfactants underscore the need for optimization of the production process to enable viable application on an industrial scale. The aims of the present study ...
Kawai Minako M Department of Environmental Engineering for Symbiosis, Faculty of Engineering, Soka University, 1-236 Tangi-cho, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-8577, - - 2014
Influence of the labile organic fraction (LOF) on anaerobic digestion of food waste was investigated in different S/I ratio of 0.33, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0g-VSsubstrate/g-VSinoculum. Two types of substrate, standard food waste (Substrate 1) and standard food waste with the supernatant (containing LOF) removed (Substrate 2) were used. Highest ...
Allirot Xavier X Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Paul Bocuse, Château du Vivier, 69130 Ecully, France; Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône-Alpes, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69310 Pierre Bénite, France; Centre Européen de Nutrition pour la Santé, Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of frequent eating on health and particularly on appetite and metabolism are unclear. We have previously shown that frequent eating decreased appetite and energy intake at the subsequent meal in lean men. In the present study, we tested the same pattern in obese subjects. Seventeen obese men participated ...
Bernat N N 1Institute of Food Engineering for the Development, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, - - 2014
Functional advantages of probiotics combined with interesting composition of oat were considered as an alternative to dairy products. In this study, fermentation of oat milk with Lactobacillus reuteri and Streptococcus thermophilus was analysed to develop a new probiotic product. Central composite design with response surface methodology was used to analyse ...
Hayes Matthew B MB Department of Biological Science, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, 65409, - - 2014
When fed ad libitum (AL), ectothermic animals usually grow faster and have higher metabolic rate at higher ambient temperature. However, if food supply is limited, there is an energy tradeoff between growth and metabolism. Here we hypothesize that for ectothermic animals under food restriction (FR), high temperature will lead to ...
Truong Teresa H TH Department of Pharmacy: Clinical and Administrative Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy , Oklahoma City, OK , - - 2014
Abstract The primary objective was to determine the glycemic index (GI) of jasmine rice grown in the United States (US). Secondary objective was to compare the GI of US grown jasmine rice to those grown in Thailand. Twelve healthy subjects were served all four brands of jasmine rice and a ...
Staudigl Petra - - 2014
The L-arabinose isomerase (L-AI) and the D-xylose isomerase (D-XI) encoding genes from Lactobacillus reuteri (DSMZ 17509) were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The proteins were purified to homogeneity by one-step affinity chromatography and characterized biochemically. L-AI displayed maximum activity at 65 °C and pH 6.0, while D-XI ...
Pruimboom Leo L University of Gerona (Spain), Passeig Devesa 41, Gerona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Various positively selected adaptations to new nutrients have been identified. Lactase persistence is among the best known, conferring the ability for drinking milk at post weaning age. An augmented number of amylase gene (AMY1) copies, giving rise to higher salivary amylase activity, has been implicated in the consumption of starch-rich ...
Capraro Jessica J Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via G. Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy. - - 2014
The supplementation of foods with biologically active compounds can be a powerful approach for improving diet and well being. In this study we separately included in pasta matrices a concentrate of γ-conglutin, a glucose-lowering protein from Lupinus albus seeds, an isolate of the other main lupin storage proteins and ovalbumin, ...
Kovalsky Paris Maria Paula - - 2014
We report the identification of a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase, HvUGT14077, which is able to convert the estrogenic Fusarium mycotoxin zearalenone into a near equimolar mixture of the known masked mycotoxin zearalenone-14-O-β-glucoside and a new glucose conjugate, zearalenone-16-O-β-glucoside. Biocatalytical production using engineered yeast expressing the HvUGT14077 gene allowed structural elucidation of this ...
Calbet Albert A Institut de Ciències del Mar - CSIC, Barcelona, - - 2014
We studied the effects of future climate change scenarios on plankton communities of a Norwegian fjord using a mesocosm approach. After the spring bloom, natural plankton were enclosed and treated in duplicates with inorganic nutrients elevated to pre-bloom conditions (N, P, Si; eutrophication), lowering of 0.4 pH units (acidification), and ...
Bolhuis Dieuwerke P DP Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Previous research has shown that oral processing characteristics like bite size and oral residence duration are related to the satiating efficiency of foods. Oral processing characteristics are influenced by food texture. Very little research has been done on the effect of food texture within solid foods on energy intake. The ...
Eloranta A M AM Physiology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland, - - 2013
Previous evidence for the associations of eating frequency and food consumption with clustering of metabolic risk factors among children is limited. We therefore investigated association of the daily number of main meals and snacks and food consumption with a metabolic risk score and individual metabolic risk factors in primary school ...
Shah Meena - - 2013
The effect of eating speed on energy intake by weight status is unclear. To examine whether the effect of eating speed on energy intake is the same in normal-weight and overweight/obese subjects. The effect of slow and fast eating speed on meal energy intake was assessed in a randomized crossover ...
Chen Xiang X College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, - - 2013
Co-digestion of food waste and green waste was conducted with six feedstock mixing ratios to evaluate biogas production. Increasing the food waste percentage in the feedstock resulted in an increased methane yield, while shorter retention time was achieved by increasing the green waste percentage. Food waste/green waste ratio of 40:60 ...
Adam T C TC Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2013
Insulin resistance is a link between obesity and the associated disease risk. In addition to its role as an energy regulatory signal to the hypothalamus, insulin also modulates food reward. To examine the relationship of insulin sensitivity (SI) and fasting insulin with cerebral activation in response to food and non-food ...
Patel K K Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, - - 2013
Hyperthyroidism is known to increase food intake and central administration of thyroid hormone shows acute orexigenic effects in rodents. We investigated whether T3 influences appetite and glucose homeostasis by modulating circulating ghrelin, an important orexigenic hormone, in Zucker fatty rats. The acute anorectic effects of T3 and ghrelin mimetic MK-0677 ...
Olivos Diana R DR Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone released from intestinal L-cells in response to food entering into the gastrointestinal tract. GLP-1-based pharmaceuticals improve blood glucose regulation and may hold promise for obesity treatment, as GLP-1 drugs reduce food intake and body weight in humans and animals. In an effort to ...
Gesto Manuel M Laboratorio de Fisiología animal, Departamento de Biología Funcional y CC. de la Salud, Facultad de Biología, Universidade de Vigo, 36310, Vigo, - - 2013
The peptide arginine vasotocin (AVT), homologous to mammalian arginine vasopressin, is involved in many aspects of fish physiology such as osmoregulation, regulation of biological rhythms, reproduction, metabolism or responses to stress, and in the modulation of social behaviours. Since a decrease in appetite is a general response to stress in ...
Martín-Sánchez Ana María AM IPOA Research Group, Grupo 1-UMH Grupo REVIV-Generalitat Valenciana, AgroFood Technology Department, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela, Miguel Hernández University, Ctra, Beniel, Km 3.2, E-03312 Orihuela, Alicante, Spain; School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Plymouth University, United - - 2014
The nutritive, physicochemical and technological characteristics of several intermediate food products (IFPs) from Spanish Confitera fresh date co-products were investigated. Three IFPs were obtained, two from unblanched dates in different ripening stages (Khalal and Rutab), and a third one from blanched Khalal fruits. The IFPs were rich in dietary fibre ...
Heni Martin M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Angiology, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany ; Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases of the Helmholtz Center Munich at the University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany ; German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.), Neuherberg, - - 2014
Variation in FTO is the strongest genetic determinant of body weight and has recently been linked with impaired neural processing of food stimuli. However, whether this brain-expressed gene affects neuronal processing of food-related stimuli after ingestion is still poorly understood. In this study, twenty-four participants were examined before, 30 and ...
Bundrick Sarah C - - 2013
Soda consumption may contribute to weight gain over time. Objective data were used to determine whether soda consumption predicts weight gain or changes in glucose regulation over time. Subjects without diabetes (128 men, 75 women; mean age 34.3±8.9 years; mean body mass index 32.5±7.4; mean percentage body fat 31.6%±8.6%) self-selected ...
Rampersaud Gail C GC Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL - - 2014
Key recommendations in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and US Department of Agriculture's MyPlate are to reduce the intake of added sugars, particularly from sugar-sweetened beverages, and drink water instead of "sugary" beverages. However, little is known about consumer knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors regarding sugars in beverages. We hypothesized ...
Aznar Arantxa - - 2013
Yeasts are tolerant to acid pH values, are able to grow in anaerobic media and have minimum nutrition requirements. These capabilities enable them to survive and even grow in foods prepared from acid fruits or vegetables. Among yeasts, Candida is one of the genus most frequently isolated from fruit juices. ...
Filippi Beatrice M - - 2013
Insulin signaling in the hypothalamus regulates food intake and hepatic glucose production in rodents. Although it is known that insulin also activates insulin receptor in the dorsal vagal complex (DVC) to lower glucose production through an Erk1/2-dependent and PI3K-independent pathway, it is unknown whether DVC insulin action regulates food intake. ...
Bahadoran Z - - 2013
Background:There are growing concern globally regarding fast food consumption and its related cardiometabolic outcomes. In this study we investigated whether fast food consumption could affect the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) after 3-years of follow-up in adults.Methods:This longitudinal study was conducted in the framework of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study ...
Serna-Maza A - - 2013
Three 35-L anaerobic digesters fed on source segregated food waste were coupled to side-stream ammonia stripping columns and operated semi-continuously over 300days, with results in terms of performance and stability compared to those of a control digester without stripping. Biogas was used as the stripping medium, and the columns were ...
Shi Zumin - - 2013
In animal studies, monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake at a particular age has been found to increase the risk of insulin resistance and obesity. Inconsistent associations between MSG intake and overweight have been reported in humans. No population study has assessed the association between MSG intake and diabetes risk. This study ...
Ramzy A R - - 2013
Background:Enhanced stimulation of the lower gut is hypothesized to play a key role in the weight loss and resolution of diabetes following bariatric surgeries. Ileal transposition (IT) permits study of the effects of direct lower gut stimulation on body weight, glucose homeostasis and other metabolic adaptations without the confounds of ...
Mita Koichi - - 2013
The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis is capable of being classically conditioned to avoid food and to consolidate this aversion into a long-term memory (LTM). Previous studies have shown that the length of food deprivation is important for both the acquisition of taste aversion and its consolidation into LTM, which is ...
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