Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1152
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Androutsos O O Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, - - 2014
Bioelectrical impedance analysis would be a more practical tool to measure body composition in clinical settings, dietetic practice and epidemiological studies if patients/subjects did not have to fast before measurements. The present study assessed whether the ingestion of food or drink had any biologically significant effect on bioimpedance measurements and ...
Lin Yi Y Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, UZ - 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, - - 2014
To evaluate total, energy-adjusted dietary fiber (DF), water-soluble fiber (WSF), and water-insoluble fiber (WIF) intakes in European adolescents and to investigate their association with indicators of adiposity and serum biomarkers. This study, conducted from 2006 to 2007, included 1804 adolescents aged 12.5-17.5 years (47 % males) from eight European cities completing two ...
Panahi Shirin S a Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , - - 2014
Background: The blood glucose-lowering effects of β-glucan from oats and barley depend on the amounts consumed and their rheological properties. This has been recently challenged with growing evidence that the food matrix may also be an important factor in predicting its physiological response. Objective: The objective of this study was ...
Pascual Juan M JM Rare Brain Disorders Program, Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas2Department of Physiology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas3Department of Pediatrics, The - - 2014
Disorders of brain metabolism are multiform in their mechanisms and manifestations, many of which remain insufficiently understood and are thus similarly treated. Glucose transporter type I deficiency (G1D) is commonly associated with seizures and with electrographic spike-waves. The G1D syndrome has long been attributed to energy (ie, adenosine triphosphate synthetic) ...
Yu Lu - - 2014
Food-derived phytochemicals, many known for their health beneficial effects, often exist in conjugated forms containing sugar moieties such as glucose or rhamnose in foods. The uptake of these compounds requires colonic bacterial cleavage of sugar moieties. However, most studies involving screening extracts for biological activities do not take this process ...
Lau Kin Yan KY School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong - - 2014
Heterotrophic cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris was investigated in food waste hydrolysate. The highest exponential growth rate in terms of biomass of 0.8day(-1) was obtained in a hydrolysate consisting of 17.9gL(-1) glucose, 0.1gL(-1) free amino nitrogen, 0.3gL(-1) phosphate and 4.8mgL(-1) nitrate, while the growth rate was reduced in higher concentrated hydrolysates. ...
Jin Yingliang Y Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine Engineering of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, - - 2014
By synthesizing results from primary studies, systematic review can provide empirical information of concerned problems. This study aimed to review the available surveillance data from studies reporting the contamination surveillance of food lead in China. Relevant studies were identified by systematically searching Chinese Biological Medicine Database and China National Knowledge ...
St-Onge M-P MP 1] College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA [2] New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St. Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, - - 2014
Background:Medium chain triglycerides (MCT) enhance thermogenesis and may reduce food intake relative to long chain triglycerides (LCT). The goal of this study was to establish the effects of MCT on appetite and food intake and determine whether differences were due to differences in hormone concentrations.Methods:Two randomized, crossover studies were conducted ...
Dosz Edward B - - 2014
Isothiocyanates, generated from hydrolysis of glucosinolates in plants of the Brassicaceae family, promote health, including anti-cancer bioactivity. Hydrolysis requires the plant enzyme myrosinase, giving myrosinase a key role in health promotion by brassica vegetables. Myrosinase measurement typically involves isolating crude protein, potentially underestimating activity in whole foods. We estimated myrosinase ...
Barbour Jayne J Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia. Telephone +61 (08) 83022348. Electronic address: - - 2014
Snack foods can contribute a high proportion of energy intake to the diet. Peanuts are a snack food rich in unsaturated fatty acids, protein and fibre which have demonstrated satiety effects and may reduce total energy intake, despite their high energy density. This study examined the effects of consuming Hi-oleic ...
Melhorn Susan J SJ University of Washington, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine; 325 Ninth Ave, Box 359780, Seattle, WA 98104 - - 2014
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) has incretin effects that are well-documented, but the independent role of GLP-1 action in human satiety perception is debated. We hypothesized that blockade of GLP-1 receptors would suppress postprandial satiety and increase voluntary food intake. After an overnight fast, 8 normal weight participants (7 men, BMI ...
Zhang Shanshan S School of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, No. 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu, PR China; Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute, #06-08 CleanTech One, 1 Cleantech Loop, Singapore - - 2014
High rate food consumption in urban cities causes vast amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus used in agriculture to end up in urban wastewaters. To substantially recover these nutrients, source-separated human urine should be targeted. The present study was to investigate the feasibility of recovering nitrogen and phosphorus in urine via ...
Steinert Robert E RE From the Department of Biomedicine and Division of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland (RES, ACM-G, PK, HF, FS, and CB), and the Department of Internal Medicine II, Clinical Research Unit, Clinical Center of the Ludwig Maximilians University, Campus Grosshardern, Munich, Germany (JS and - - 2014
Exogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) inhibits eating in healthy, overweight, and diabetic subjects.OBJECTIVE: The GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin(9-39)NH2 (ex9-39) was used to further explore the role of GLP-1 as an endogenous satiation signal.DESIGN: Two double-blind, 4-way crossover studies were performed, each of which included 10 healthy men. In study A, subjects ...
Jones Joshua B JB Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
Energy-yielding beverages reportedly contribute to positive energy balance uniquely. They are highly consumed and evoke weaker satiety signaling and dietary energy compensation than solid foods of the same energy content. This study measured the contribution of learning to appetitive sensations and adjustments of energy intake for preloads varying in energy ...
Zhu Yong Y Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United - - 2014
Little is known about the effect of macronutrient composition of foods on cephalic phase response of gastrointestinal hormones. In addition, metabolomics of cephalic phase response has not been studied before. The objective of the present study was to assess cephalic phase endocrinological and metabolomic responses following modified sham feeding (MSF) ...
Robinson Eric E Eleanor Rathbone Building, University of Liverpool,Liverpool L69 - - 2014
Attentional and memory processes underpin appetite control, but whether encouraging overweight individuals to eat more 'attentively' can promote reductions in energy consumption is unclear. In the present study with a between-subjects design, a total of forty-eight overweight and obese females consumed a fixed lunchtime meal. Their ad libitum energy intake ...
Rajagopal Rajinikanth R Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre, NEWRI, Nanyang Technological University, #06-08 CleanTech One, 1 Cleantech Loop, 637141, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study explored a new approach to enhance VFA productivity from anaerobic co-digestion of food-waste (FW) with source-segregated brown-water (BW) [feces-without-urine]. Effort was made to separate urine and BW from the source (using no-mix-toilet) mainly to expedite further treatment and resource-recovery. Effect of alkaline-pH [B] and acclimatized acidogenic inoculum [C] ...
Mathew Sweety - - 2014
High-throughput screening techniques that analyze the metabolic endpoints of biological processes can identify the contributions of genetic predisposition and environmental factors to the development of common diseases. Studies applying controlled physiological challenges can reveal dysregulation in metabolic responses that may be predictive for or associated with these diseases. However, large-scale ...
Begg Denovan P DP Metabolic Diseases Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45237School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, UNSW Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2052 d.begg@unsw.edu.au - - 2014
Uroguanylin is a gastrointestinal hormone primarily involved in fluid and electrolyte handling. It has recently been reported that prouroguanylin, secreted postprandially, is converted to uroguanylin in the brain and activates the receptor guanylate cyclase-C (GC-C) to reduce food intake and prevent obesity. Here, we tested CNS administration of two GC-C ...
Hosseinpour-Niazi S S Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine whether total fibre or specific fibre food sources are associated with the incidence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) after 3 years of follow-up in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. This population-based prospective study, conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, ...
Scharnweber K - - 2014
Lake ecosystems are strongly linked to their terrestrial surroundings by material and energy fluxes across ecosystem boundaries. However, the contribution of terrestrial particulate organic carbon (tPOC) from annual leaf fall to lake food webs has not yet been adequately traced and quantified. In this study, we conducted whole-lake experiments to ...
Venn Bernard J - - 2014
Glycemic index (GI) is intended to be a property of food but some reports are suggestive that GI is influenced by participant characteristics when glucose is used as a reference. To examine the influence of different reference foods on observed GI. The GIs of five varieties of rice and a ...
Zhu Yong Y Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, United - - 2014
Aging is associated with a reduction in appetite. Older adults require a higher number of chews to form a bolus before swallowing. However, whether this ingestive behavior contributes to the reduced appetite in this population is unknown. Fifteen males aged 65years or older participated in this randomized cross-over trial and ...
Cedernaes Jonathan J Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
To investigate whether acute total sleep deprivation (TSD) leads to decreased cognitive control when food cues are presented during a task requiring active attention, by assessing the ability to cognitively inhibit prepotent responses. Fourteen males participated in the study on two separate occasions in a randomized, crossover within-subject design: one ...
Sumita Takashi T Saitama Medical - - 2014
PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) dephosphorylates phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate and antagonizes PI 3-kinase. Insulin acts in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) not only to suppress food intake and weight gain, but also to improve glucose metabolism, via PI 3-kinase activation. Thus, blocking hypothalamic PTEN is a potential target for treating obesity as ...
Cappai G G University of Cagliari, DICAAR - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Cagliari, Italy; IGAG - CNR (Environmental Geology and Geoengineering Institute of the National Research Council), - - 2014
Batch dark fermentation experiments were performed on food waste and mixtures of food waste and wastewater activated sludge to evaluate the influence of pH on biological H2 production and compare the process performance with and without inoculum addition. The effect of a preliminary thermal shock treatment of the inoculum was ...
Zhou Qi Q Centre for Resource and Environmental Research, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, No. 15 Beisanhuan East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, PR - - 2014
To investigate the existence of the asynchronism during the anaerobic co-digestion of different substrates, two typical substrates of food waste and corn stover were anaerobically digested with altering organic loadings (OL). The results indicated that the biodegradability of food waste and corn stover was calculated to be 81.5% and 55.1%, ...
White J S JS Nutritional Biochemistry, White Technical Research, IL - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The obesigenic and related health effects of caloric sweeteners are subjects of much current research. Consumers can properly adjust their diets to conform to nutritional recommendations only if the sugars composition of foods and beverages is accurately measured and reported, a matter of recent concern. We tested the hypothesis that ...
Kelly Patrick T - - 2014
Inputs of terrestrial organic carbon (t-OC) into lakes are often considered a resource subsidy for aquatic consumer production. Although there is evidence that terrestrial carbon can be incorporated into the tissues of aquatic consumers, its ability to enhance consumer production has been debated. Our research aims to evaluate the net ...
Amato Katherine R KR Program in Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois; Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, - - 2014
Food resources consumed by primates vary markedly in nutritional content. As a result, foragers must develop a feeding strategy to select resources that balance energy and macronutrient intake and reduce the consumption of fiber and toxins. In this study, we collected data on dietary patterns, rates of food consumption, and ...
Drennan Margaret F MF Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA 17837, - - 2014
A pilot-scale study was completed to determine the feasibility of high-solids anaerobic digestion (HSAD) of a mixture of food and landscape wastes at a university in central Pennsylvania (USA). HSAD was stable at low loadings (2g COD/L-day), but developed inhibitory ammonia concentrations at high loadings (15g COD/L-day). At low loadings, ...
Ferguson J F JF Cardiovascular Institute, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumption of foods that modulate inflammatory stress in genetically-prone individuals may influence development of cardiometabolic diseases. Isoflavones in soy-derived foods function as phytoestrogens, have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, inhibit protein-tyrosine kinase activity, and may be atheroprotective. We examined the relationship between soy food consumption and inflammatory responses to endotoxemia, postprandial ...
Hayes Matthew R MR Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; email: - - 2014
Arguably the most fundamental physiological systems for all eukaryotic life are those governing energy balance. Without sufficient energy, an individual is unable to survive and reproduce. Thus, an ever-growing appreciation is that mammalian physiology developed a redundant set of neuroendocrine signals that regulate energy intake and expenditure, which maintains sufficient ...
Lambert Jennifer E - - 2014
Fibre intake among North Americans is currently less than half the recommended amount. Consumers are interested in food products that could promote weight loss and improve health. Consequently, evaluation of unique fibre sources with potential gut-mediated benefits for metabolic health warrants investigation. Our objective is to assess the effects of ...
Lee Joonyeob J School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Gyeongbuk 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
Methanogen communities were investigated using 454 pyrosequencing in four different full-scale anaerobic digesters treating food waste-recycling wastewater. Seasonal samples were collected for 2years, and 24 samples were available for microbial analysis from a plug flow thermophilic (PT) digester, a continuously-stirred tank thermophilic (CT) digester, an upflow anerobic sludge blanket mesophilic ...
Hogenkamp P S PS Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sensory properties guide the amount that people eat. In particular, food texture plays an important role in a food's 'expected satiation', which in turn affects the food-related decision making process. One hypothesis is that incongruent pairing of a textural cue with a post-ingestive outcome compromises this process, leading to poor ...
Tsuchiya Masahiro M Divisions of Aging and Geriatric Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary habits are crucial factors affecting metabolic homeostasis. However, few animal experiments have addressed the effects of long-term feeding with soft food on parameters reflecting systemic health. Using mice, we compared the effects of short (3days) and long (17weeks from weaning) feeding periods between powdered food and normal pellet food ...
El Khoury D D Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Sodium alginate reduces appetite and glycemia, when consumed in water- and sugar-based drinks. But, its effects when added to other commonly consumed beverages have not been reported. Because chocolate milk (CM) is criticized for raising blood glucose more than unflavored milk, the aim of our study was to investigate the ...
Van Engelen M M Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Background and Objective:The role of sugars in solutions on subjective appetite and food intake (FI) has received little investigation in children. Therefore, we examined the effect of isocaloric solutions (200 kcal/250 ml) of sugars including sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup-55 (HFCS) or glucose, compared with a non-caloric sucralose control, on subjective appetite and ...
Forsberg Tina - - 2014
Fibre-rich rye products have been shown to have superior effects on self-reported appetite compared to white wheat bread and some studies have shown lower energy intake after subsequent meal. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of whole grain rye crisp bread (RB) versus refined wheat ...
van Buul Vincent J VJ Maastricht University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Human Biology, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The - - 2014
A causal role of fructose intake in the aetiology of the global obesity epidemic has been proposed in recent years. This proposition, however, rests on controversial interpretations of two distinct lines of research. On one hand, in mechanistic intervention studies, detrimental metabolic effects have been observed after excessive isolated fructose ...
George R R Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, - - 2014
The glycaemic responses of staples differ when eaten as mixed meals. We determined the glycaemic responses and glycaemic index (GI) values for common South Asian carbohydrate rich foods and the effect of adding curried chicken to them as mixed meals. The GI and glycaemic response to staples (basmati rice, pilau ...
Claire Detrain D Service d'Ecologie Sociale CP 213, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 50 avenue F. Rossevelt B-1050 Bruxelles - Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Carbohydrate sources such as plant exudates, nectar and honeydew represent the main source of energy for many ant species and contribute towards maintaining their mutualistic relationships with plants or aphid colonies. Here we characterise the sensitivity, feeding response curve and food intake efficiency of the aphid tending ant, Lasius niger ...
Ranum Peter P Independent consultant, Tucson, - - 2014
Maize (Zea mays), also called corn, is believed to have originated in central Mexico 7000 years ago from a wild grass, and Native Americans transformed maize into a better source of food. Maize contains approximately 72% starch, 10% protein, and 4% fat, supplying an energy density of 365 Kcal/100 g ...
Müller-Deile Janina J Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to analyse if intra-dialytic food intake may lead to changes in online Kt/V. Methods: Forty patients were analysed using haemodialysis machines with integrated online Kt/V monitoring based on UV absorbance or ionic dialysance. Kt/V was monitored before, during and after food intake. Samples ...
Nguyen Amy D AD Neuroscience Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW 2010, - - 2014
Orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and dynorphin (DYN) regulate energy homeostasis. Single NPY or dynorphin deletion reduces food intake or increases fat loss. Future developments of obesity therapeutics involve targeting multiple pathways. We hypothesised that NPY and dynorphin regulate energy homeostasis independently, thus double NPY and dynorphin ablation would result in ...
Kim Eunmi E Dept. of Traditional Industry, Korea Food Research Inst, 463-746, Baekhyun dong, Songnam, Kyunggido Republic of - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare the metabolizable energies of Korean starch foods by an animal metabolic study with those calculated using well-known energy conversion factors. There were 12 experimental diets (that is, 7 Korean foods, 3 Western foods, and 2 control foods): barley, brown rice, laver-rolled rice, rice mixed ...
Ackroff Karen K Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210 USA; Cognition, Brain and Behavior Doctoral Subprogram, The Graduate School, City University of New York, New York10016, NY 11210 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat appetite is determined not only by orosensory (flavor) stimuli but also by the post-oral actions of dietary fat, which promote increased attraction to the flavors of high-fat foods. Experiment 1 presents a concentration-response analysis of how intragastric (IG) fat self-infusions stimulate intake and condition flavor preferences in C57BL/6J mice ...
Botelho Priscilla S PS Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, S/N, Dois Irmãos, Recife CEP: 52171-900, - - 2014
Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPSs) have been widely studied in recent decades due to similarity to gums used in the food industry. Exopolysaccharides can be used in food processing as a thickener and/or stabiliser. This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties, thermal behaviour and structural composition of the lyophilised EPS obtained ...
Sigurdson Gregory T - - 2014
Use of artificial food colorants has declined due to health concerns and consumer demand making natural alternatives a high demand. The effects of Al3+ salt on food source anthocyanins were evaluated with the objective to better understand blue color development of metallo-anthocyanins. This is one of the first known studies ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >