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Results 401 - 450 of 1164
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Sofyan Agus - - 2007
Uptake of cadmium from water by freshwater animals has been well documented. However, little attention has been given to the importance of dietary and combined exposure as the source for uptake. In the present study, we compared cadmium uptake from waterborne (water-only), dietary (food-only), and combined (water plus food) exposures ...
Chen Banglin - - 2007
A microporous metal-organic framework, MOF, Cu(FMA)(4,4'-Bpe)0.5 (3a, FMA = fumarate; 4,4'-Bpe = 4,4'-Bpe = trans-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene) was rationally designed from a primitive cubic net whose pores are tuned by double framework interpenetration. With pore cavities of about 3.6 A, which are interconnected by pore windows of 2.0 x 3.2 A, 3a ...
Pain D J - - 2007
Since 1989, a red kite Milvus milvus reintroduction programme has been underway in the United Kingdom, with 4-6 week old nestlings brought into captivity and held for 6-8 weeks before reintroduction. As scavengers, red kites may consume unretrieved game, and ingest shot or lead (Pb) fragments in their prey's flesh. ...
Orescanin Visnja - - 2007
This study was carried out to determine the appropriate treatment of electric arc furnace (EAF) dust prior to permanent disposal. The total heavy metal content as well as heavy metal leaching from EAF dust was investigated in five composite samples obtained from three Croatian and Slovenian steelworks. In order to ...
Di Giacomo Franco - - 2007
To characterize potatoes according to their geographic origin and variety, 10 mineral and trace elements (Mg, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sr, Cd, and Ba) were determined in Italian potato samples. The data collected were successively elaborated using statistical techniques, namely, linear discriminant analysis (LDA). LDA was able to ...
Jing Ming-Yan - - 2007
Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element required for human beings and animals. This divalent cation is involved in many physiological functions, including immune and antioxidant function, growth, and reproduction. Deficiency of Zn produces several pathological disorders and abnormalities in its metabolism, such as anorexia, weight loss, poor efficiency, and ...
De Schamphelaere K A C - - 2007
There is a growing concern that dietborne metal toxicity might be important in aquatic ecosystems. However, the science behind this matter is insufficiently developed to explicitly and accurately account for this in metal regulation or risk assessment. We investigated the effects of a chronic exposure of Daphnia magna to an ...
Haswell-Elkins Melissa - - 2007
Indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands have been concerned about the safety of their traditional seafoods since the discovery of high cadmium levels in the liver and kidney of dugong and turtle in 1996. This study explored links between urinary cadmium levels and consumption frequency of these traditional foods ...
Pagan-Rodríguez Doritza - - 2007
In 2003-2004, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) conducted an exploratory assessment to determine the occurrence and levels of cadmium and lead in randomly collected samples of kidney, liver, and muscle tissues of mature chickens, boars/stags, dairy cows, and heifers. The data generated in the ...
Steen Redeker E - - 2007
We studied the compartmentalization of cadmium and zinc in the oligochaete Tubifex tubifex. The subcellular distribution was followed over time and levels of metallothionein-like proteins were measured. The impact of the speciation on the trophic transfer was studied by calculating the assimilation efficiencies of metals from Tubificidae fed to carp. ...
Burger Joanna - - 2007
Reptiles, particularly snakes, could serve as bioindicators of contamination because some are comparatively long-lived, exhibit different trophic levels, and are at the top of their food chains. We test the null hypothesis that there are no differences in the concentrations of heavy metals in the blood, muscle and liver of ...
Kádár Enikõ - - 2007
This study reports on the concentration of both, toxic (Hg) and essential (Fe, Cu, Zn) metals in representative species, at four hydrothermal vents along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) corresponding to the different exposure conditions that are the result of contrasted geological setting and different depths along the ridge axis. Macro ...
Rodrigue Jean - - 2007
Willow and rock ptarmigan were obtained from Northern Québec. Willow ptarmigan were found to have mean cadmium concentrations of 179.7 microg/g (dw) in the kidneys and 25.8 microg/g (dw) in the liver; these levels were three times higher than those found in the rock ptarmigan. The cadmium levels in the ...
Farag Aïda M - - 2007
To characterize the partitioning of metals in a stream ecosystem, concentrations of trace metals including As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn were measured in water, colloids, sediment, biofilm (also referred to as aufwuchs), macroinvertebrates, and fish collected from the Boulder River watershed, Montana. Median concentrations of Cd, Cu, and Zn ...
Al-Khashman Omar Ali - - 2007
Street dust samples (120 in total) were collected under stable weather conditions during the hot, dry season (August and September) of 2004 from six different localities (industrial, heavy traffic, medium traffic, light traffic, low traffic and rural) in greater Amman, the capital of Jordan. The concentrations of Fe, Cu, Cd, ...
Park Seoyoung - - 2007
Nanoparticles (NPs) have a greater potential to travel through an organism via inhalation than any other larger particles, and could be more toxic due to their larger surface area and specific structural/chemical properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro biological effects of various inhalable metallic NPs ...
Swaddiwudhipong Witaya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand, the paddy fields receiving irrigation from the two creeks and crops grown in the areas were found to contain markedly elevated cadmium levels during the surveys in 2001-2004. OBJECTIVE: The present report carried out a survey in 2004 to determine urinary cadmium, ...
Wang Zao-Sheng - - 2007
In the present study, the chronic toxicity of dietary copper to Moina monogolica Daday was investigated. Microalgal growth inhibition tests were conducted for 96 h with the green algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa exposed to copper. The 96-h median effective concentration (95% confidence interval) was 509.12 (388.68-629.56) microg/L. Then, C. pyrenoidosa was ...
Chi Qiao-qiao - - 2007
The Cr, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb contents were determined in Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, Carassius auratus Linnaeus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis, which were caught from Meiliang Bay, Taihu Lake, a large, shallow and eutrophic lake of China. The results showed that: (1) the Cr, Cu, Pb, Cd contents in the ...
Fontaine Michaël C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We investigated the feeding ecology and habitat use of 32 harbour porpoises by-caught in 4 localities along the Scandinavian coast from the North Sea to the Barents Sea using time-integrative markers: stable isotopes (delta13C, delta15N) and trace elements (Zn, Cu, Fe, Se, total Hg and Cd), in relation to ...
Do Mi-Sook - - 2007
For the assessment of representative and longitudinal Zn nutriture in South Koreans, Zn, phytate and Ca intakes were determined using four consecutive years of food consumption data taken from Korean National Nutrition Survey Report (KNNSR) every 10 years during 1969-1998. The nutrient intake data are presented for large city and ...
Kojadinovic J - - 2007
This work aimed to use seabirds as bioindicators of trace element levels in the tropical waters and food webs of the Western Indian Ocean. The accumulation patterns of selected toxic (Cd and Hg) and essential (Cu, Fe, Mn, Se, and Zn) elements were determined in liver, kidney, and pectoral muscle ...
Francesconi Kevin A - - 2007
As a safeguard for human health, guidelines and regulations stipulating maximum permissible concentrations (MPCs) of metals in foods have been set to limit our dietary exposure to toxic metals. It is now well accepted, however, that the chemical form of the metal must be considered when assessing the possible human ...
Mann Reinier M - - 2006
Apart from analyses for elemental contaminants in field-collected specimens, very little is known about the assimilation and accumulation of inorganic contaminants in reptiles. Recent dietary studies with reptiles (and some other vertebrates and invertebrates) have taken care to incorporate the principles of trophic transfer by pre-exposing prey items to the ...
Widmeyer Joline R - - 2007
Surficial sediments (a combination of re-suspended and suspended sediments denoted as RSS) were collected from two distinct marine intertidal habitats. The two habitats differed with respect to salinity (25ppt versus 15ppt) and RSS % organic carbon content (24% versus 15%). Feeding experiments were conducted simulating the conditions in the two ...
Goulet Richard R - - 2007
We tested the predictive ability of the dynamic multipathway bioaccumulation model (DYMBAM) to characterize Cd accumulation in Daphnia magna, a species commonly used in toxicity tests and because of its sensitivity, particularly to metals, a species that is relied upon in ecological risk assessments. We conducted chronic exposure experiments in ...
Hédouin L - - 2007
The New Caledonian lagoon is submitted to intense heavy metal input from land-based Ni mining. Therefore, the use of sentinel species is strongly recommended in order to develop and implement coastal zone management programmes of the metal contamination. The tropical oysters Isognomon isognomon and Malleus regula and the clam Gafrarium ...
Rodushkin I - - 2007
Different analytical approaches for origin differentiation between vendace and whitefish caviars from brackish- and freshwaters were tested using inductively coupled plasma double focusing sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) and multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). These approaches involve identifying differences in elemental concentrations or sample-specific isotopic composition (Sr and ...
Rose Wendy L - - 2006
In this study, we used an integrated approach to determine whether key biochemical, cellular, and physiological responses were related to growth impairment of cadmium (Cd)-exposed larval topsmelt (Atherinops affinis). Food intake (Artemia franciscana nauplii), oxygen consumption rates, apoptotic DNA fragmentation (TUNEL assay), and metallothionein (MT)-like protein levels, were separately measured ...
Guan Rui - - 2006
We investigated the Cd accumulation dynamics in a freshwater cladoceran, Daphnia magna, and validated the biokinetic accumulation model under nonsteady-state conditions. All biokinetic parameters were monitored for the animals from birth to the adult stage. During the whole exposure period, two factors were observed to play critical roles in affecting ...
Singh Ravendra Kumar - - 2007
Live feeds, especially Tubifex spp., which are collected from a wide variety of polluted habitats, are used by aquarium fish keepers in India. These habitats receive domestic sewage and industrial wastes from nearby residential and industrial areas. Reports of morbidity and mortality from aquarium fish culturists in and around Mumbai ...
Reboreda Rosa - - 2007
We analysed concentrations of Cu, Cd and Pb in above and belowground tissues of the halophyte species Halimione portulacoides and Spartina maritima, as well as in sediments and pore water between the roots in a Tagus estuary salt marsh (Portugal). From these results we calculated the pools of metals in ...
Le Jeune Anne-Hélène - - 2006
Copper sulphate treatment is widely used as a global and empirical method to remove or control phytoplankton blooms without precise description of the impact on phytoplanktonic populations. The effects of two copper sulphate treatments on natural phytoplanktonic communities sampled in the spring and summer seasons, were assessed by indoor mesocosm ...
Gil Fernando - - 2006
Levels of metalloids (As - urine) and heavy metals (Hg - urine, Cd - whole blood and Zn - serum) were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry in 601 subjects living in the area affected by the Aznalcóllar mine spill (SW, Spain) and compared with those of a representative sample (960 ...
Aung N N - - 2006
This study estimated the dietary intakes of 25 pairs of Japanese children and their parents to 12 toxic and essential trace elements using 7-day duplicate diet composites. The estimated intakes of lead (children = 5.34 microg day-1, adults = 6.74 microg day-1) and tin (162 and 152 microg day-1) were ...
Krajcovicová-Kudládková Marica - - 2006
Cadmium is a toxic element ubiquitous in the environment, which damages biological systems in various ways. The major source of cadmium exposure is food. High cadmium content in the soil leads to high cadmium concentrations in certain plants such as grains (above all surface layers and germs), oil or non-oil ...
Ball Angela L - - 2006
Four- and 10-week chronic toxicity tests were conducted using the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca and Cd-contaminated Chlorella sp. as a food source. Chlorella sp. was cultured in various Cd concentrations, filtered from solution, rinsed, dried, and ground into food flakes for the H. azteca. Unlike Cd toxicity from water sources, ...
Rocha S C S - - 2006
Industrial wastes containing synthetic organic compounds and heavy metals are among the most dangerous residues, whose growth has followed the increase in industrial activity. Heavy metals are readily assimilated into the food chain and therefore easily accumulated in the ecosystem. To remove heavy metals from aqueous solutions, marine algae may ...
Falcó Gemma - - 2006
The daily intake of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) through the consumption of 14 edible marine species by the general population of Catalonia, Spain, was estimated. Health risks derived from this intake were also assessed. In March-April 2005, samples of sardine, tuna, anchovy, mackerel, swordfish, salmon, ...
Yan Yu-Ping - - 2006
A pot experiment with 38 commonly cultured rice cultivars showed that the effect of Cu (100 mg kg(-1)) on rice growth, grain yield and accumulation of Cu in brown rice varied greatly with different cultivars. Although the average Cu concentration in brown rice of the 38 cultivars was significantly increased ...
Colaço A - - 2006
In this work, mercury (Hg), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations and tissue distribution are determined in seven benthic invertebrates species (the key species) from the Mid Atlantic Ridge (MAR) hydrothermal vent fields. The samples were collected from three hydrothermal vent fields--Menez Gwen, 840 m; Lucky Strike, 1700 m and ...
Borgmann U - - 2007
Hyalella were caged at three sites in each of the two rivers for 17 days. Food added to the cages consisted of plant and detrital material collected from the same, or other, sites. Concentrations of some metals in Hyalella (e.g., Cd and Cu), but not others (e.g., Se), appeared to ...
Matos Reyes Mariela N - - 2006
The quality of food products has been receiving great attention due to its influence on human nutrition and health. In this sense, the determination of trace metals in foods has turned an important field on food analysis. Concerning vegetable oils, its metal trace composition is an important criterion for the ...
Dural Meltem - - 2006
In this study, bioaccumulation of the heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cd) in the liver, gill, gonad and muscle tissues of Dicentrarchus labrax, Mugil cephalus and Sparus aurata were investigated seasonally. Camlik is the important fisheries lagoon located in The Iskenderun Bay, Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Due to heavy industrial and ...
Lodhi H S - - 2006
Fresh water prawns, Macrobrachium lamarrei and Macrobrachium dayanum (Crustacea-Decapoda) were subjected to static bioassay tests to ascertain the LC50 values of copper sulphate. The 24, 48, 72 and 96 hr LC50 values of copper sulphate for M. lamarrei were 0.38, 0.361, 0.343 and 0.300 mg/l and for M. dayanum were ...
Usuda Kan - - 2006
The concentrations of strontium, calcium, and magnesium in 33 brands of natural mineral waters commercially available in Japan were determined by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. The geometric mean values were 94.4 microg/L for strontium, 19.1 mg/L for calcium, and 2.82 mg/L for magnesium. Wide confidence intervals of 1.96-4539 microg/L ...
Van Campenhout K - - 2007
The impact of several factors on the assimilation efficiency (AE) of Cd and Zn from food in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) was studied. Tested prey species were midge larvae (Chironomus riparius), zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) and oligochaetes (Tubifex tubifex). The Cd load of the larvae did not affect the ...
Stupar Janez - - 2007
Hair-Pb longitudinal profiles of 25 mm hair length were measured in a population of Slovenian men (aged 18-25 years) using "tape sandwich" solid sampling electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (SS-ETAAS). From these data two parameters related to Pb exposure were deduced. Hair-Pb proximal (H-Pbprox.) denotes the Pb content of the proximal ...
Alomary A - - 2006
The aim of this study was to measure the concentrations of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in human teeth and to investigate the affecting factors. Teeth samples (n = 268) were collected from people living in different cities in Jordan including Amman, Zarqa, Al-Mafraq and Irbid and analyzed for Pb ...
Reynders Hans - - 2006
In this study, the influence of exposure time and concentration on the accumulation of cadmium and the occurrence of adverse effects was investigated when carp were simultaneously exposed through contaminated water and food. As exposure concentrations increased (9, 105, and 480 microg/L through water and 9.5, 122, and 141 microg/g ...
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