Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1142
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Zheng Na - - 2007
For most people, diet is the main route of exposure to trace metals, so the assessment risks of these elements to human via dietary intake is important. The non-carcinogenic health risk of Hg, Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu to the adults and children via dietary intake in the industrial area ...
Morin Soizic - - 2008
A microcosm study was undertaken to examine the effects of dissolved cadmium at various concentrations (0, 10, and 100 microg . L(-1)) on biofilm accumulation and diatom assemblages. A natural biofilm sampled from the Riou-Mort River (Southwest France) was inoculated into three experimental systems, where biofilm settled on glass slides. ...
Kreager N - - 2008
One-hundred twenty-three gizzards from upland game birds (chukar, Alectoris chukar; and common pheasant, Phasianus colchicus) harvested by hunters in southern Ontario, Canada, were examined for lead pellet ingestion by manual examination of gizzard contents and by radiography. Lead pellets were found to be ingested by chukars (6/76; 8%) and the ...
Gopalani Meetu - - 2007
Heavy metals composition of foods is of immense interest because of its essential or toxic nature. In view of this, we determined concentrations of select heavy metals from food items such as, potato chips and biscuits that were obtained from Nagpur City, India. The present study revealed preferred digestion method ...
Conti Marcelo Enrique - - 2008
Fifty seven samples of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) collected along the breakwater barriers of Fano (station 1) and Pesaro (station 2), Adriatic Sea, Marche Region, central Italy, were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry and Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations in the soft tissues were measured. The aims of this ...
Nandini S - - 2007
In this work we evaluated the effect of temperature (22 degrees and 27 degrees C), algal density (Chlorella vulgaris 0.5 x 10(6) and 2.0 x 10(6) cells/mL) and different combinations of 2 heavy metals (Zn at 25.25-101.0 microg/L and Cu at 17.75-71.0 microg/L) on the population level variables of Moina ...
Nandini S - - 2007
In the present work, we quantified the harmful effects of Cd(+ 2) to Brachionus macracanthus using both acute (median lethal) and chronic (population growth) toxicity tests. Chronic toxicity tests were conducted under 4 different concentrations (0.000625-0.005 mg L(- 1)) of cadmium chloride at 23 degrees C under 3 food (Chlorella ...
Erel Yigal - - 2007
In this study we combine Pb isotopes, Pb, Ni, Cu, Zn, and several major metal concentrations, identification of the aerosol particles, and synoptic and back trajectory analyses to obtain direct evidence for the extent and nature of mixing between Middle Eastern and European sources emissions of metals and aerosols. During ...
Demirel Sule - - 2008
The levels of trace elements in different types of food material consumed in Turkey were determined by flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Food samples were digested with dry ashing, wet ashing and microwave digestion procedures in this study. The microwave digestion procedure was chosen for the digestion of ...
Karayakar Fahri - - 2007
Levels of copper, zinc, cadmium, chromium and lead were determined in the gill, hepatopancreas and muscle tissues of Brachidontes pharaonis collected from the Mersin coasts of Turkey. Water and animal samples were collected monthly from the four stations between June 2002 and May 2003 for metal determinations. Metal levels in ...
González-Muñoz M J - - 2008
Aluminium (Al), a neurotoxin, has lately been implicated as one of the possible causal factors contributing to Alzheimer's disease. Because silicon (Si) intake can affect the bioavailability of aluminium, the object of the present study was to assess whether moderate beer consumption might, as a source of dietary Si, affect ...
Pérez-López Marcos - - 2008
As top consumers in food chains, birds of prey forage over large geographical areas and so might be expected to accumulate environmental contaminants which are distributed in the environment. These wild animals can offer opportunities to detect and assess the toxicological effects of different inorganic elements on terrestrial ecosystems. In ...
Capar Stephen G - - 2007
The levels of the toxic elements Al, As, Cd, Hg, Pb and Sn are routinely monitored in food to protect the consumer. Increasingly, the chemical forms of As and Hg are also monitored. Analyses are performed to enforce regulatory standards and to accumulate background levels for assessing long-term exposure. The ...
Hashemi Shodja - - 2007
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were fed to two different food rations, 0.5% body weight (low ration [LR]) and 5% body weight (high ration [HR]), and were exposed to sublethal (1 microM) copper levels for 28 d in softened Antwerp (Belgium) city tap water (Ca2+, 79.3 mg/L; Mg2+, 7.4 mg/L; Na+, ...
Honikel Karl-Otto - - 2008
Nitrate and nitrite are used for the purpose of curing meat products. In most countries the use of both substances, usually added as potassium or sodium salts, is limited. Either the ingoing or the residual amounts are regulated by laws. The effective substance is nitrite acting primarily as an inhibitor ...
Vural Aydin - - 2008
Due to the consumption of the herby cheese in south eastern Anatolia-Turkey is at high ratio, chemical parameters such as dry matter, pH, acidity, aCl, protein, fat and trace metal contents in 50 different herby cheeses produced at this region have been determined in the presented study. The content of ...
Beernaert Joke - - 2008
Food preference of wood mice from two with heavy metals polluted sites and two unpolluted sites was tested under laboratory and field conditions with two-way choice experiments. In the laboratory, wood mice preferred to eat acorns from unpolluted sites over acorns from polluted sites. Previous experience with polluted food had ...
Uluozlu Ozgur Dogan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the metal contents of lichen species from East Black Sea region of Turkey for investigation of trace metal pollution sourced traffic. METHODS: The levels of copper, cadmium, lead, zinc, manganese, iron, chromium, nickel, cobalt, palladium in lichen samples collected from East Black Sea region of Turkey were ...
Herkovits Jorge - - 2007
The acclimation possibilities to copper in Bufo arenarum embryos was evaluated by means of three different low level copper exposure conditions during 14 days. By the end of the acclimation period the copper content in control embryos was 1.04 +/- 0.09 microg g(-1) (wet weight) while in all the acclimated ...
Xia Xue Qi - - 2007
Sediments of the Changjiang River have been found in recent studies to be enriched in cadmium (Cd). The possibility and mechanisms for evaluating total Cd concentration and its binding form using reflectance spectroscopy within the visible-near-infrared (VNIR) region (400-2500 nm) have been investigated. Bottom sediments (69 samples) in the lower ...
Wilson B - - 2007
Aspects of the bioaccumulation of heavy metals are reviewed and possible evidence of homeostasis is highlighted. Examination and analysis of olive (Olea europaea L.) trees growing in close proximity to a copper dominated spoil tip dating from at least 2000 years BP, on the island of Cyprus, revealed both bioaccumulation ...
Yi G F - - 2007
Mintrex Zn, Mintrex Cu, and Mintrex Mn organic trace minerals contain 16% Zn, 15% Cu, and 13% Mn with 80, 78, and 76% 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butanoic acid (HMTBA) by weight as the organic ligand, respectively. Our objective was to determine if HMTBA from Mintrex was fully available as a Met source. In ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2007
We employ a novel approach that combines pulse-chase feeding and multi-labelled stable isotopes to determine gut passage time (GPT), gut retention time (GRT), food ingestion rate (IR) and assimilation efficiency (AE) of three trace elements for a freshwater gastropod. Lettuce isotopically enriched in (53)Cr, (65)Cu and (106)Cd was fed for ...
Niemelä M - - 2007
The use of Pt and Rh as active components in automobile catalytic converters has led to increasing concentrations of these elements in several natural matrices. Because of this, the suitability of the use of a terrestrial moss (Pleurozium schreberi) for the passive biomonitoring of traffic-related Pt and Rh deposition was ...
Kayhan F E - - 2007
In this study, bioaccumulation of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819) at Bosphorus, Istanbul, Turkey, has been researched. Mussel samples hand-collected seasonally, between January, 2003 and December, 2004 from six stations in Bosphorus. The concentrations of Cd and Pb in the mussels were determinated ...
Roussel Hélène - - 2007
Three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) was used as the highest trophic level predator in an outdoor mesocosm study assessing the effect of environmentally realistic copper concentration (0, 5, 25 and 75 microgL(-1)) over 18 months of continuous exposure. Condition factor, organosomatic indices (HIS, GSI and SSI) as well as copper bioaccumulation ...
Rabinovich Maia - - 2007
Agaricus blazei is an edible mushroom with medicinal properties. To obtain organic combinations of potential utility as a food dietary supplement, the accumulation and potential bioavailability of copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) on mycelium grown in the presence of these metals were studied. At 400 ppm, the mycelium accumulated 449 ...
Sofyan Agus - - 2007
Uptake of cadmium from water by freshwater animals has been well documented. However, little attention has been given to the importance of dietary and combined exposure as the source for uptake. In the present study, we compared cadmium uptake from waterborne (water-only), dietary (food-only), and combined (water plus food) exposures ...
Chen Banglin - - 2007
A microporous metal-organic framework, MOF, Cu(FMA)(4,4'-Bpe)0.5 (3a, FMA = fumarate; 4,4'-Bpe = 4,4'-Bpe = trans-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene) was rationally designed from a primitive cubic net whose pores are tuned by double framework interpenetration. With pore cavities of about 3.6 A, which are interconnected by pore windows of 2.0 x 3.2 A, 3a ...
Pain D J - - 2007
Since 1989, a red kite Milvus milvus reintroduction programme has been underway in the United Kingdom, with 4-6 week old nestlings brought into captivity and held for 6-8 weeks before reintroduction. As scavengers, red kites may consume unretrieved game, and ingest shot or lead (Pb) fragments in their prey's flesh. ...
Orescanin Visnja - - 2007
This study was carried out to determine the appropriate treatment of electric arc furnace (EAF) dust prior to permanent disposal. The total heavy metal content as well as heavy metal leaching from EAF dust was investigated in five composite samples obtained from three Croatian and Slovenian steelworks. In order to ...
Di Giacomo Franco - - 2007
To characterize potatoes according to their geographic origin and variety, 10 mineral and trace elements (Mg, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sr, Cd, and Ba) were determined in Italian potato samples. The data collected were successively elaborated using statistical techniques, namely, linear discriminant analysis (LDA). LDA was able to ...
Jing Ming-Yan - - 2007
Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element required for human beings and animals. This divalent cation is involved in many physiological functions, including immune and antioxidant function, growth, and reproduction. Deficiency of Zn produces several pathological disorders and abnormalities in its metabolism, such as anorexia, weight loss, poor efficiency, and ...
De Schamphelaere K A C - - 2007
There is a growing concern that dietborne metal toxicity might be important in aquatic ecosystems. However, the science behind this matter is insufficiently developed to explicitly and accurately account for this in metal regulation or risk assessment. We investigated the effects of a chronic exposure of Daphnia magna to an ...
Haswell-Elkins Melissa - - 2007
Indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands have been concerned about the safety of their traditional seafoods since the discovery of high cadmium levels in the liver and kidney of dugong and turtle in 1996. This study explored links between urinary cadmium levels and consumption frequency of these traditional foods ...
Pagan-Rodríguez Doritza - - 2007
In 2003-2004, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) conducted an exploratory assessment to determine the occurrence and levels of cadmium and lead in randomly collected samples of kidney, liver, and muscle tissues of mature chickens, boars/stags, dairy cows, and heifers. The data generated in the ...
Steen Redeker E - - 2007
We studied the compartmentalization of cadmium and zinc in the oligochaete Tubifex tubifex. The subcellular distribution was followed over time and levels of metallothionein-like proteins were measured. The impact of the speciation on the trophic transfer was studied by calculating the assimilation efficiencies of metals from Tubificidae fed to carp. ...
Burger Joanna - - 2007
Reptiles, particularly snakes, could serve as bioindicators of contamination because some are comparatively long-lived, exhibit different trophic levels, and are at the top of their food chains. We test the null hypothesis that there are no differences in the concentrations of heavy metals in the blood, muscle and liver of ...
Kádár Enikõ - - 2007
This study reports on the concentration of both, toxic (Hg) and essential (Fe, Cu, Zn) metals in representative species, at four hydrothermal vents along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) corresponding to the different exposure conditions that are the result of contrasted geological setting and different depths along the ridge axis. Macro ...
Rodrigue Jean - - 2007
Willow and rock ptarmigan were obtained from Northern Québec. Willow ptarmigan were found to have mean cadmium concentrations of 179.7 microg/g (dw) in the kidneys and 25.8 microg/g (dw) in the liver; these levels were three times higher than those found in the rock ptarmigan. The cadmium levels in the ...
Farag Aïda M - - 2007
To characterize the partitioning of metals in a stream ecosystem, concentrations of trace metals including As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn were measured in water, colloids, sediment, biofilm (also referred to as aufwuchs), macroinvertebrates, and fish collected from the Boulder River watershed, Montana. Median concentrations of Cd, Cu, and Zn ...
Al-Khashman Omar Ali - - 2007
Street dust samples (120 in total) were collected under stable weather conditions during the hot, dry season (August and September) of 2004 from six different localities (industrial, heavy traffic, medium traffic, light traffic, low traffic and rural) in greater Amman, the capital of Jordan. The concentrations of Fe, Cu, Cd, ...
Park Seoyoung - - 2007
Nanoparticles (NPs) have a greater potential to travel through an organism via inhalation than any other larger particles, and could be more toxic due to their larger surface area and specific structural/chemical properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro biological effects of various inhalable metallic NPs ...
Swaddiwudhipong Witaya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand, the paddy fields receiving irrigation from the two creeks and crops grown in the areas were found to contain markedly elevated cadmium levels during the surveys in 2001-2004. OBJECTIVE: The present report carried out a survey in 2004 to determine urinary cadmium, ...
Wang Zao-Sheng - - 2007
In the present study, the chronic toxicity of dietary copper to Moina monogolica Daday was investigated. Microalgal growth inhibition tests were conducted for 96 h with the green algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa exposed to copper. The 96-h median effective concentration (95% confidence interval) was 509.12 (388.68-629.56) microg/L. Then, C. pyrenoidosa was ...
Chi Qiao-qiao - - 2007
The Cr, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb contents were determined in Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, Carassius auratus Linnaeus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis, which were caught from Meiliang Bay, Taihu Lake, a large, shallow and eutrophic lake of China. The results showed that: (1) the Cr, Cu, Pb, Cd contents in the ...
Fontaine Michaël C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We investigated the feeding ecology and habitat use of 32 harbour porpoises by-caught in 4 localities along the Scandinavian coast from the North Sea to the Barents Sea using time-integrative markers: stable isotopes (delta13C, delta15N) and trace elements (Zn, Cu, Fe, Se, total Hg and Cd), in relation to ...
Do Mi-Sook - - 2007
For the assessment of representative and longitudinal Zn nutriture in South Koreans, Zn, phytate and Ca intakes were determined using four consecutive years of food consumption data taken from Korean National Nutrition Survey Report (KNNSR) every 10 years during 1969-1998. The nutrient intake data are presented for large city and ...
Kojadinovic J - - 2007
This work aimed to use seabirds as bioindicators of trace element levels in the tropical waters and food webs of the Western Indian Ocean. The accumulation patterns of selected toxic (Cd and Hg) and essential (Cu, Fe, Mn, Se, and Zn) elements were determined in liver, kidney, and pectoral muscle ...
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