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Results 251 - 300 of 1150
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Barrera-Escorcia Guadalupe - - 2010
Crassostrea virginica is an epibentic filter-feeding bivalve of economical importance in coastal lagoons of the Gulf of Mexico, locations with increasing inputs of heavy metals such as cadmium that have become environmental stressors. In this study, feeding and assimilation of the species were evaluated as physiological indicators of cadmium exposure. ...
Hédouin Laetitia - - 2010
The present study aimed at examining the influence of food quality and quantity on the assimilation efficiency (AE) of metals in two abundant bivalves in the New Caledonia lagoon, the oyster Isognomon isognomon and the clam Gafrarium tumidum. Bivalves were exposed via their food to the radiotracers of three metals ...
Ohno Koichi - - 2010
Daily intakes of 17 metals (boron, aluminium, chromium, manganese, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, antimony, lead, uranium, magnesium, calcium, and iron) via drinking water and total diet were investigated in six cities in Japan. The daily metal intakes were estimated and compared with tolerable daily intake (TDI) values ...
Martinez-Haro Monica - - 2009
Lead shot dissolution was investigated in a dynamic in vitro simulated avian gizzard-intestine system. The method allows simulated digestive fluid to pass (at intervals) from a gizzardlike environment to an intestine-based one, and then considers the dissolution of Pb shot (0-3 pellets) in the presence of differing grit geochemistries (siliceous ...
Liu Weitao - - 2010
Recently, the concept of pollution-safe cultivars (PSCs) was proposed to minimize the influx of pollutants to the human food chain. Variations in lead (Pb) uptake and translocation among Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis L.) cultivars were investigated in a pot-culture experiment and a field-culture experiment to screen out Pb-PSCs for food ...
Mazej Zdenka - - 2010
The concentration of metals (Pb, Cd, Zn, Hg) in different ecosystem components (lake water, sediment, plankton, macrophytes, and fish tissues) has been determined in Velenjsko jezero, an artificial lake resulting from mining activity. The risk to humans from consuming fish has been evaluated from the heavy metal load of fish ...
Fukushima Tetsuhito - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and the Parkinsonian syndrome caused by manganese (Mn) poisoning are known to be indistinguishable in terms of symptoms. We thus suspect that many patients who have accumulated Mn in the body in daily life are diagnosed as having idiopathic PD. We examined the relationship between ...
Jara-Marini M E - - 2009
Trophic relationships and heavy metal transference in a coastal subtropical lagoon marine food web were investigated through the use of stable isotopes in food sources and biota. A selective extraction scheme was applied to the surface sediments as an indirect way to evaluate the potential of toxicity of metals. Results ...
Nomura Chie - - 2009
A simple and rapid method for determination of intentional contamination with heavy metals in foods using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) has been developed. The heavy metals were extracted with sulfuric acid in a disposable tube using a homogenizer. The extract was diluted with 1% HNO(3) solution and analyzed ...
Miura Nobuhiko - - 2009
The incidence of serious poisoning caused by occupational cadmium exposure has declined over the past four decades due to improvements in the work environment. However, long-term low-level exposure to cadmium needs to be addressed. For workers in industries that handle cadmium, it is necessary to consider the daily cadmium intake ...
Reichmuth Jessica M - - 2010
Blue crabs from a contaminated estuary (Hackensack Meadowlands-HM) and a cleaner reference site (Tuckerton-TK) were analyzed for Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn in muscle and hepatopancreas. Crabs from each site were taken into the laboratory and fed food from the other site, or in another experiment, transplanted to the ...
Nfon Erick - - 2009
Mercury (Hg) and 13 other trace elements (Al, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb) were measured in phytoplankton, zooplankton, mysis and herring in order to examine the trophodynamics in a well-studied pelagic food chain in the Baltic Sea. The fractionation of nitrogen isotopes ...
Green I D - - 2010
The transfer of Cd and Zn from soils amended with sewage sludge was followed through a food chain consisting of wheat, aphids and the predator Coccinella septempunctata. Multiple regression models were generated to predict the concentrations of Cd and Zn in C. septempunctata. No significant model could be generated for ...
Mohapatra Anil - - 2009
Concentrations of 10 elements were studied from the pre-moult hard shelled and newly moulted (soft shelled) crabs (Scylla serrata) by the (Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence) EDXRF technique. The study evaluated the composition of all 10 elements from the body tissues and the exuvium of soft shelled and the carapace of ...
Xie Lingtian - - 2010
In streams, periphyton biofilms are important sinks for trace metals such as cadmium and are primary food sources of many invertebrate consumers. To study Cd trophic transfer, we produced differentially contaminated diets by exposing natural periphyton to environmentally relevant dissolved Cd ranging from 0 to 10 microg L(-1) for 6-7 ...
Novic Marjana - - 2009
A novel methodology is proposed for food specifications associated with the origin of food. The methodology was tested on honey samples collected within the TRACE EU project. The data were sampled in various regions in Europe and analysed for the trace elements content. The sampling sites were characterized by different ...
Zidar Primoz - - 2009
This study aimed at determining effects of Zn, Cd and their equitoxic mixtures on metal assimilation and food consumption of the terrestrial isopod Porcellio scaber, in relation to metal availability in the food. Cd was four times less water-extractable than Zn. Cd or Zn extractability was affected neither by metal ...
Ikeda Masayuki - - 2010
This study was initiated to examine if variations in the concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in water environment may affect metal levels in local foods and body burden of local residents in non-polluted areas in Japan. Two nationwide databases have been made available on concentrations of Cd in ...
Zhao Chun-Mei - - 2009
Among the many toxic metals, the biokinetics of copper (Cu) in the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna has not been studied due to the lack of an ideal radiotracer. In this study, we used a gamma radiotracer, 67Cu (half life=61.9 h), to study the uptake of copper from the dissolved phase ...
Zhao Chun-Mei - - 2009
Among the many toxic metals, the biokinetics of copper (Cu) in the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna have not been studied due to the lack of an ideal radiotracer. In the present study, a gamma radiotracer, (67)Cu (half-life = 61.9 h), was used to study the uptake of copper from the ...
Nepusz Tamás - - 2009
The aims of this study are to explore metal contamination in food with respect to variations in: i) the levels found over a period of eleven months and/or ii) by food types; and iii) to report patterns in reporting between countries. The frequencies of reported cases of metal ion contamination ...
Liu Gong-Liang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To detect cadmium in environmental and food samples by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICPAES). METHODS: An indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IC-ELISA) was developed based on a cadmium-specific monoclonal antibody. IC-ELISA for cadmium in environmental and food samples was evaluated. ...
Robberecht Harry - - 2009
The dietary intake of silicon by using the duplicate portion sampling technique of 24 hour-meals during 7 consecutive days is estimated.Since plant-based foods are major sources of silicon the elemental content is determined in various vegetarian foodstuffs commercially available in Belgium.Mean silicon intake from the 24-hour duplicate meals consumed daily ...
Cretì Patrizia - - 2010
The distribution and potential bioaccumulation of dietary and waterborne cadmium and lead in tissues of sea bream (Sparus aurata), a major aquaculture species, was studied in relation to three different fish farming systems. Metallothionein levels in fish tissues were also evaluated. Results demonstrate that metal concentrations in various tissues significantly ...
Mart??-Cid Roser - - 2009
The concentrations of arsenic (As), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), tin (Sn), thallium (Tl), and vanadium (V) were determined in a number of foodstuffs purchased during 2006 in various localities of Tarragona County (Catalonia, Spain), near a hazardous waste incinerator, which ...
Palmer Peter T - - 2009
Analytical instrumentation continues its amazing evolution, especially in regard to generating ever more sensitive, faster, and reliable measurements. Perhaps the most difficult challenges are making these instruments small enough to use in the field, equipping them with well-designed software that facilitates and simplifies their use by nonexperts while preserving enough ...
Taguchi Manabu - - 2009
This study investigated the effects of lubricin on the gliding of repaired flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendons in vitro. Canine FDP tendons were completely lacerated, repaired with a modified Pennington technique, and treated with one of the following solutions: saline, carbodiimide derivatized gelatin/hyaluronic acid (cd-HA-gelatin), carbodiimide derivatized gelatin to which ...
Iwasaki Yuichi - - 2009
We examined the influence of heavy metal pollution from an abandoned mine on benthic macroinvertebrates, at population and community levels, and the potential amount of food available for drift-feeding fish in northern Japanese streams. We studied multiple polluted and unpolluted sites with similar longitudinal positions to avoid problems caused by ...
White Philip J - - 2009
The diets of over two-thirds of the world's population lack one or more essential mineral elements. This can be remedied through dietary diversification, mineral supplementation, food fortification, or increasing the concentrations and/or bioavailability of mineral elements in produce (biofortification). This article reviews aspects of soil science, plant physiology and genetics ...
Grand C - - 2009
Reports an error in "Solving XOR" by C. Grand and R. C. Honey (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 2008[Oct], Vol 34[4], 486-493). Figure 2 in the article was printed incorrectly due to an editing error. The correct version of Figure 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following ...
Apinan Roongnapa - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between cadmium body burden and the areas of exposure in Thailand, as well as blood pressure levels, the types and frequencies of foods, and alcohol consumption. A total of 182 healthy adult Thai subjects of both genders (89 males, ...
Van Campenhout Karen - - 2009
In this work, the uptake and whole-body accumulation of Cd and Zn by the common carp from water, diet, and a combination of both was studied using the radioactive tracers 09Cd and 65Zn. A three-compartment pharmacokinetic model was constructed and revealed metal- and exposure route-dependent accumulation profiles. Under the tested ...
Hunt W Grainger - - 2009
Human consumers of wildlife killed with lead ammunition may be exposed to health risks associated with lead ingestion. This hypothesis is based on published studies showing elevated blood lead concentrations in subsistence hunter populations, retention of ammunition residues in the tissues of hunter-killed animals, and systemic, cognitive, and behavioral disorders ...
Nogueira P F M - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the influence of natural dissolved organic materials (DOM) on copper speciation (total dissolved, particulate, and free Cu2+ ions) and bioavailability during a two-level experimental microbial food chain. Bacteria were used as the first trophic level, and Paramecium caudatum (protozoan) as the second. The organisms were ...
Orak H Hulya - - 2009
In this study the antioxidant activity, colour and some nutritional characteristics of pomegranate juice (PJ) and its traditional sour concentrate (CPJ), produced in Denizli, Turkey, were analysed. The total anthocyanin content of PJ was found to be 492.9 mg/l but it was not determined in CPJ. The total phenolics were ...
Eira C - - 2009
The use of some fish parasites as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution has been demonstrated as particularly adequate due to their capacity of bioconcentration. This study evaluated the effect of Proteocephalus macrocephalus on the accumulation of trace elements in the edible fish, Anguilla anguilla, in a contaminated area in Portugal ...
Petroczi A - - 2009
The aim of this paper is to explore the applicability of Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) estimations to inform on seafood hazards through metal contamination. The food recall data set was collated by the Laboratory of the Government Chemist (LGC, UK) over the period from January to November 2007. Pearson chi-square ...
Barrento Sara - - 2009
The brown crab Cancer pagurus is highly appreciated in Southern European countries and edible tissues are consumed separately or as mixtures. This species is mostly harvested along the Scottish Coast and English Channel and has different market prices depending on the catching area and sex. The aim of this study ...
Seniczak Anna - - 2009
We tested the effect of cadmium (25, 130 microg Cd g(-1)), administered via Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis L.) as food on life-history parameters and gut microflora of tritonymphs and adults of the oribatid mite, Archegozetes longisetosus Aoki. Both concentrations of Cd had an adverse effect on offspring mortality, and the ...
Jose Rajan - - 2008
Dependence of photoluminescence (PL) efficiency (phiPL) of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) on coordinating solvents, precursors, and dispersing solvents was investigated. The phiPL of CdSe QDs was approximately 0.05 when synthesized at 120 degrees C using the precursors, cadmium acetate (CdAc) and trioctylphosphine selenide (TOPSe) in trioctylphosphine (TOP). The phiPL was ...
Lin G Z - - 2009
After prohibitions on lead gasoline additives, which have proved to be a public health accomplishment world wide, many countries focus on other exposure source of children lead poisoning. Removing lead from paints is one of the important measures. Although there have been regulatory limits on lead in paints in China, ...
Kwun In-Sook - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Zn deficiency may be widespread in Asian countries such as South Korea. However, dietary habits have changed in response to rapid economic growth and globalization. Zn nutrition in South Koreans has therefore been assessed during a period (1969-1998) of unprecedented economic growth. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional food consumption data ...
Allinson G - - 2009
Samples of the muscle and liver of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were obtained from a single reservoir in each of three Sri Lankan catchments (Kaudulla, Rajanganaya, and Udawalawe reservoirs in the Mahaweli, Kala Oya, and Walawe Ganga river basins, respectively) in 2002. The concentrations of 12 elements were consistently ...
Song Dangyu - - 2008
Eleven raw coal samples were collected from Liuzhi, Suicheng, Zunyi, Xingren, Xingyi, and Anlong districts in Guizhou Province, Southwest China. The content of cadmium (Cd) in coal was determined using inductively coupled plasma mass-spectrometry (ICP-MS). Cd contents ranged from 0.146 to 2.74 ppm (whole coal basis), with an average of ...
Ferreira Daniel - - 2008
The present study investigates how dissolved organic matter (DOM) alters copper bioavailability at environmentally relevant concentrations (1-5 microg/L of dissolved copper, 1-4 mg/L of dissolved organic copper). A methodology combining two biological endpoints (short-term and steady-state bioaccumulation of copper by the aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretica) and a sampling of labile ...
Zhang Junjie - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop an aqueous ketoconazole (KET) eye drop in order to increase the corneal permeability and improve ocular bioavailability following topical application. METHODS: Hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) was used to formulate an aqueous eye drop to improve the aqueous solubility of KET. A single ...
Diamanti A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: TNFalpha seems to contribute to inflammation and malnutrition in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. In CD patients, the comparative effects on nutritional status of infliximab and traditional therapy have not yet been determined. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of infliximab as compared with those of ...
Wijnhoven Sander - - 2008
The ecotoxicological risk of heavy metal pollution in diffusely polluted floodplains is largely unclear, as field-based data are scarce. This study investigated cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) accumulation in the liver and kidneys of small mammal species (voles, mice and shrews) from a moderately polluted Dutch floodplain. The Cd and ...
Kim Jungsoo - - 2009
Iron, zinc, copper, lead, and cadmium were measured in livers of three shorebird species from Okgu Mudflat, Korea in the East Asian-Australian migration flyways. Iron concentrations in red-necked stints (Calidris ruficollis) (geomean = 1,322 microg/g dw) were higher than in terek sandpipers (Xenus cinereus) (467 microg/g dw), and great knots ...
Melø Renate - - 2008
Adequate nutrition during infancy is essential for lifelong health and wellbeing. Breast-feeding is highly recommended for the first six month of life, but from then on complementary feeding is necessary. Industrially produced food is an important part of the diet for many infants and toddlers in developed countries. We have ...
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