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Results 251 - 300 of 1176
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Reed Lou Ann - - 2010
The stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is an important component of the estuarine food web as both predator and prey. Stone crabs live in sediment, primarily consume oysters, and as a result, have the potential to accumulate significant quantities of pollutants including metals. In South Carolina, the stone crab is becoming ...
Vromman V - - 2010
The aim of this study was to estimate the dietary cadmium (Cd) intake of the Belgian adult population, to compare this dietary Cd exposure to the tolerable weekly intake (TWI) recently established by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and to determine the major food groups that contribute to dietary ...
Cantarelli Miguel A - - 2010
The chemometric characterisation of two plants frequently used as food and medicinal species, Achyrocline satureioides and Achyrocline venosa (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae), was carried out based on their mineral composition. Both species, known by the common name of 'marcelas', are very similar in their morphological features but they have different medicinal and ...
Lee Kwang-Gill - - 2011
Antheraea pernyi silk fibroin (SF) hydrolysate were characterized using UV-VIS spectrometer, amino acid composition and heavy metal contents to explore its potential sources for food or cosmetic additives. The hydrolyzed A. pernyi SF was separated into two parts: (a) SFA, alanine-rich fraction and (b) SFB, tyrosine-rich fraction. SFB exhibited strong ...
Ojiako Okey A - - 2010
The proximate, nutritional, and antinutritional compositions of the raw, cooked, and roasted samples of four Nigerian indigenous seeds-Sphenostylis stenocarpa, Pentaclethra macrophylla, Mucuna flagellipes, and Citrullus colocynthis-were evaluated. Also estimated were zinc and divalent cation bioavailability of the seeds using millimolar ratios/kg dry weight of [calcium]/[phytate], [phytate]/[zinc], [calcium][phytate]/[Zn], and [phytate]/[total phosphorus]. ...
Lombi Enzo - - 2011
Understanding the accumulation and distribution of essential nutrients in cereals is of primary importance for improving the nutritional quality of this staple food. While recent studies have improved the understanding of micronutrient loading into the barley grain, a detailed characterization of the distribution of micronutrients within the grain is still ...
Giarratano Erica - - 2010
Water quality surrounding the mussel farm of Mytilus edulis chilensis at Brown Bay (Beagle Channel) was evaluated. The levels of five heavy metals in sediment and in gill and digestive gland of mussels were examined to consider potential risks to human health. Cd showed the highest enrichment factor in relation ...
Liu Pei - - 2010
The dietary intakes of lead and cadmium by 30 children and 30 adults living in Jinhu area in China were determined by the duplicate method with a 3-day sampling period. Dietary recall and available lead/cadmium level in food were also used to calculate dietary intakes. Lead intakes based on duplicate ...
Bednarska Agnieszka J - - 2011
We studied nickel (Ni) kinetics in the ground beetle Pterostichus oblongopunctatus exposed to different, potentially stressful, temperatures. We found unexpected Ni kinetics in metal-exposed adult and larval beetles. Instead of the pattern observed commonly for other metals, i.e., an increase in metal concentration followed by stabilisation in the uptake phase ...
Adams J M M JM Bioenergy and Biorenewables, Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Gogerddan, Aberystwyth SY23 3EB, United - - 2011
To avoid negative impacts on food production, novel non-food biofuel feedstocks need to be identified and utilised. One option is to utilise marine biomass, notably fast-growing, large marine 'plants' such as the macroalgal kelps. This paper reports on the changing composition of Laminaria digitata throughout it growth cycle as determined ...
Martorell Isabel - - 2011
The main purpose of this study was to establish the temporal trend in the daily dietary intake of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) by the population of Catalonia, Spain. Concentrations of these elements were determined in samples of a number of food items widely consumed in ...
Van Dorst Bieke - - 2010
A sensitive monitoring of contaminants in food and environment, such as chemical compounds, toxins and pathogens, is essential to assess and avoid risks for both, human and environmental health. To accomplish this, there is a high need for sensitive, robust and cost-effective biosensors that make real time and in situ ...
Duran Ali - - 2010
Trace element levels in different types of cat and dog foods consumed in Turkey were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after wet digestion method. Data, expressed on a dry weight basis, were analyzed according to food type (cat or dog, and dry or wet), predominant flavour (beef, fish, chicken), ...
Das Sangita - - 2010
Effects of dissolved cadmium exposure on the survival, feeding, growth rates and accumulation in Indian pond snails Lymnaea luteola L. were examined for a period of 7 weeks. The concentrations of cadmium tested were 0, 10, 32, 100, 320, 560, and 1000 microg l(-1). Cadmium exposure significantly inhibited the feeding ...
Creighton N - - 2010
The glassfish, Ambassis jacksoniensis, is a key, mid-level species in an estuarine food web on the east coast of Australia. Estuaries are subject to contamination from urban and industrial activities. The biokinetics of Cd, Se and Zn accumulation by glassfish from water and food were assessed using radioisotopes. Metal uptake ...
Hervé-Fernández Pedro - - 2010
The Chilean blue mussel (Mytilus chilensis, Hupe 1854) represents the most important bivalve exploited along the Chilean coast and is a major food source for the Chilean population. Unfortunately, local fish and shellfish farming face severe problems as a result of bioaccumulation of toxic trace metals into shellfishes. Blue mussels ...
El-Gendy K S - - 2011
The effects of dietary exposure to copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) on feeding activities, growth response, and mortality of Theba pisana snails were studied in 5-week feeding tests. Snails were fed on an artificial diet containing the following Cu, Pb, or Zn concentrations: 0, 50, 100, 500, 1000, ...
Ikeda Masayuki - - 2011
Successful trials were made to estimate the dietary daily intake of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) via foods from the levels of the metals in blood or urine. In practice, 14 and 15 reports were available for Pb and Cd in blood (Pb-B and Cd-B), urine (Pb-U and Cd-U) and ...
Li Tao - - 2010
Amorphallus konjac corms are important agriculture products in Yichang, Hubei Province, China. The Erwinia carotovora infected Amorphallus konjac corms are processed to food as normal corms. The contents of elements and L: -Proline in the normal and infected Amorphallus konjac corms are analyzed for food safety. Even growing in the ...
Ahmed Y A - - 2010
We used in this study Compton suppression method and epithermal neutron activation analysis to determine the concentration of nutrients and heavy metals in Nigerian food and beverages. The work was performed at the University of Texas TRIGA Reactor by short, medium, and long irradiation protocols, using thermal flux of 1.4x10(12)n ...
Figlas Débora - - 2010
Grifola frondosa is an edible and medicinal mushroom. The bioaccumulation and potential biovailability of Cu and Zn were studied to obtain mycelium with potential properties as a food dietary supplement. Mycelia grown in the presence of nonmycotoxic concentrations of 100 and 200 ppm of Cu or 25 and 50 ppm ...
Abernethy Darrell R - - 2010
The major metals of potential health concern found in food, drugs (medicines), and dietary supplements are lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic. Other metals, such as chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, nickel, osmium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, palladium, and platinum, may be used or introduced during manufacturing and may be controlled in ...
Nasreddine L - - 2010
This study assesses, by the Total diet study approach, the adequacy of micronutrient intake (Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn) and the dietary exposure of a Lebanese adult urban population to two toxic elements (Cd, Pb). The foods that made up the average 'total diet' were derived from a previous ...
Verbeken Gilbert - - 2011
Since 1991, the skin bank of the Queen Astrid Military Hospital uses food-grade aluminum foil as a primary support for storing cryo preserved human donor skin (511 donors). The possible release of heavy metals into the cryo preservation media (30% (v/v) glycerol in physiological water) and the possible impact this ...
Othman Zeid A Al - - 2010
This study was carried out to determine lead contamination in 104 of the representative food items in the Saudi diet and to estimate the dietary lead intake of Saudi Arabians. Three samples of each selected food items were purchased from the local markets of Riyadh city, the capital of Saudi ...
Zhao Gaofeng - - 2010
This study was conducted to estimate the total daily dietary intakes of the five heavy metals As, Cd, Cr, Hg, and Pb for residents living in five villages located in the Zhejiang province of China. The highest dietary intakes of the five heavy metals were all observed in the four ...
Barrera-Escorcia Guadalupe - - 2010
Crassostrea virginica is an epibentic filter-feeding bivalve of economical importance in coastal lagoons of the Gulf of Mexico, locations with increasing inputs of heavy metals such as cadmium that have become environmental stressors. In this study, feeding and assimilation of the species were evaluated as physiological indicators of cadmium exposure. ...
Hédouin Laetitia - - 2010
The present study aimed at examining the influence of food quality and quantity on the assimilation efficiency (AE) of metals in two abundant bivalves in the New Caledonia lagoon, the oyster Isognomon isognomon and the clam Gafrarium tumidum. Bivalves were exposed via their food to the radiotracers of three metals ...
Ohno Koichi - - 2010
Daily intakes of 17 metals (boron, aluminium, chromium, manganese, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, antimony, lead, uranium, magnesium, calcium, and iron) via drinking water and total diet were investigated in six cities in Japan. The daily metal intakes were estimated and compared with tolerable daily intake (TDI) values ...
Martinez-Haro Monica - - 2009
Lead shot dissolution was investigated in a dynamic in vitro simulated avian gizzard-intestine system. The method allows simulated digestive fluid to pass (at intervals) from a gizzardlike environment to an intestine-based one, and then considers the dissolution of Pb shot (0-3 pellets) in the presence of differing grit geochemistries (siliceous ...
Liu Weitao - - 2010
Recently, the concept of pollution-safe cultivars (PSCs) was proposed to minimize the influx of pollutants to the human food chain. Variations in lead (Pb) uptake and translocation among Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis L.) cultivars were investigated in a pot-culture experiment and a field-culture experiment to screen out Pb-PSCs for food ...
Mazej Zdenka - - 2010
The concentration of metals (Pb, Cd, Zn, Hg) in different ecosystem components (lake water, sediment, plankton, macrophytes, and fish tissues) has been determined in Velenjsko jezero, an artificial lake resulting from mining activity. The risk to humans from consuming fish has been evaluated from the heavy metal load of fish ...
Fukushima Tetsuhito - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and the Parkinsonian syndrome caused by manganese (Mn) poisoning are known to be indistinguishable in terms of symptoms. We thus suspect that many patients who have accumulated Mn in the body in daily life are diagnosed as having idiopathic PD. We examined the relationship between ...
Jara-Marini M E - - 2009
Trophic relationships and heavy metal transference in a coastal subtropical lagoon marine food web were investigated through the use of stable isotopes in food sources and biota. A selective extraction scheme was applied to the surface sediments as an indirect way to evaluate the potential of toxicity of metals. Results ...
Nomura Chie - - 2009
A simple and rapid method for determination of intentional contamination with heavy metals in foods using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) has been developed. The heavy metals were extracted with sulfuric acid in a disposable tube using a homogenizer. The extract was diluted with 1% HNO(3) solution and analyzed ...
Miura Nobuhiko - - 2009
The incidence of serious poisoning caused by occupational cadmium exposure has declined over the past four decades due to improvements in the work environment. However, long-term low-level exposure to cadmium needs to be addressed. For workers in industries that handle cadmium, it is necessary to consider the daily cadmium intake ...
Reichmuth Jessica M - - 2010
Blue crabs from a contaminated estuary (Hackensack Meadowlands-HM) and a cleaner reference site (Tuckerton-TK) were analyzed for Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn in muscle and hepatopancreas. Crabs from each site were taken into the laboratory and fed food from the other site, or in another experiment, transplanted to the ...
Nfon Erick - - 2009
Mercury (Hg) and 13 other trace elements (Al, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb) were measured in phytoplankton, zooplankton, mysis and herring in order to examine the trophodynamics in a well-studied pelagic food chain in the Baltic Sea. The fractionation of nitrogen isotopes ...
Green I D - - 2010
The transfer of Cd and Zn from soils amended with sewage sludge was followed through a food chain consisting of wheat, aphids and the predator Coccinella septempunctata. Multiple regression models were generated to predict the concentrations of Cd and Zn in C. septempunctata. No significant model could be generated for ...
Mohapatra Anil - - 2009
Concentrations of 10 elements were studied from the pre-moult hard shelled and newly moulted (soft shelled) crabs (Scylla serrata) by the (Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence) EDXRF technique. The study evaluated the composition of all 10 elements from the body tissues and the exuvium of soft shelled and the carapace of ...
Xie Lingtian - - 2010
In streams, periphyton biofilms are important sinks for trace metals such as cadmium and are primary food sources of many invertebrate consumers. To study Cd trophic transfer, we produced differentially contaminated diets by exposing natural periphyton to environmentally relevant dissolved Cd ranging from 0 to 10 microg L(-1) for 6-7 ...
Novic Marjana - - 2009
A novel methodology is proposed for food specifications associated with the origin of food. The methodology was tested on honey samples collected within the TRACE EU project. The data were sampled in various regions in Europe and analysed for the trace elements content. The sampling sites were characterized by different ...
Zidar Primoz - - 2009
This study aimed at determining effects of Zn, Cd and their equitoxic mixtures on metal assimilation and food consumption of the terrestrial isopod Porcellio scaber, in relation to metal availability in the food. Cd was four times less water-extractable than Zn. Cd or Zn extractability was affected neither by metal ...
Ikeda Masayuki - - 2010
This study was initiated to examine if variations in the concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in water environment may affect metal levels in local foods and body burden of local residents in non-polluted areas in Japan. Two nationwide databases have been made available on concentrations of Cd in ...
Zhao Chun-Mei - - 2009
Among the many toxic metals, the biokinetics of copper (Cu) in the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna has not been studied due to the lack of an ideal radiotracer. In this study, we used a gamma radiotracer, 67Cu (half life=61.9 h), to study the uptake of copper from the dissolved phase ...
Zhao Chun-Mei - - 2009
Among the many toxic metals, the biokinetics of copper (Cu) in the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna have not been studied due to the lack of an ideal radiotracer. In the present study, a gamma radiotracer, (67)Cu (half-life = 61.9 h), was used to study the uptake of copper from the ...
Nepusz Tamás - - 2009
The aims of this study are to explore metal contamination in food with respect to variations in: i) the levels found over a period of eleven months and/or ii) by food types; and iii) to report patterns in reporting between countries. The frequencies of reported cases of metal ion contamination ...
Liu Gong-Liang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To detect cadmium in environmental and food samples by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICPAES). METHODS: An indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IC-ELISA) was developed based on a cadmium-specific monoclonal antibody. IC-ELISA for cadmium in environmental and food samples was evaluated. ...
Robberecht Harry - - 2009
The dietary intake of silicon by using the duplicate portion sampling technique of 24 hour-meals during 7 consecutive days is estimated.Since plant-based foods are major sources of silicon the elemental content is determined in various vegetarian foodstuffs commercially available in Belgium.Mean silicon intake from the 24-hour duplicate meals consumed daily ...
Cretì Patrizia - - 2010
The distribution and potential bioaccumulation of dietary and waterborne cadmium and lead in tissues of sea bream (Sparus aurata), a major aquaculture species, was studied in relation to three different fish farming systems. Metallothionein levels in fish tissues were also evaluated. Results demonstrate that metal concentrations in various tissues significantly ...
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