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Das Deeplina - - 2013
Exopolysaccharide produced by lactic acid bacteria are the subject of an increasing number of studies for their potential applications in food industry as stabilizing, bio-thickening and immunostimulating agents. In this regard, the authors isolated an exopolysaccharide producing probiotic lactic acid bacteria from fermented beverage Marcha of north eastern Himalayas. The ...
Ott Volker V Department of Neuroendocrinology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, - - 2013
Experiments in animals suggest that the neuropeptide oxytocin acts as an anorexigenic signal in the central nervous control of food intake. In humans, however, research has almost exclusively focused on the involvement of oxytocin in the regulation of social behavior. We investigated the effect of intranasal oxytocin on ingestion and ...
Wilms Britta - - 2013
Context:The mechanisms of weight loss after Roux-en gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery are incompletely understood.Objective:To investigate changes in metabolic processing of ingested food that may contribute to the weight-reducing of RYGB surgery.Design:Cross-sectional case-control study.Setting:Interdisciplinary Obesity Center, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, Switzerland.Patients:10 formerly obese women (mean±SEM; BMI: 26.6±0.9 kg/m(2)) who had undergone ...
Li Liang - - 2013
Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is a thermal conversion technique that converts food wastes and associated packaging materials to a valuable, energy-rich resource. Food waste collected from local restaurants was carbonized over time at different temperatures (225, 250 and 275°C) and solids concentrations to determine how process conditions influence carbonization product properties ...
Nausheen Saima - - 2013
Bariatric surgeries are hypothesized to produce weight loss and improve diabetes control by multiple mechanisms including gastric restriction and lower gut stimulation; the relative importance of these mechanisms remains poorly understood. We compared the effects of a typical foregut procedure - Sleeve Gastrectomy, (SG) with a primarily hindgut surgery - ...
Jiang Jianguo - - 2013
The effects of pH, temperature, and organic loading rate (OLR) on the acidogenesis of food waste have been determined. The present study investigated their effects on soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), volatile fatty acids (VFAs), volatile solids (VS), and ammonia nitrogen (NH4(+)-N). Both the concentration and yield of VFAs were ...
Obinna-Echem Patience C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Akamu is a lactic acid fermented cereal-based food that constitutes a major infant complementary food in most West Africa countries. Identity of LAB population from DGGE analysis and conventionally isolated LAB and yeasts from traditionally fermented akamu were confirmed by PCR-sequencing analysis. The relationship between pH, acidity and lactic ...
Reed Michael O - - 2013
 This study aimed to understand effects of different cooking methods, including steamed, pilaf, and traditional stir-fried, on starch hydrolysis rates of rice. Rice grains of 3 varieties, japonica, indica, and waxy, were used for the study. Rice starch was isolated from the grain and characterized. Amylose contents of starches from ...
Naville Danielle - - 2013
Environmental contaminants are suspected to be involved in the epidemic incidence of metabolic disorders, food ingestion being a primarily route of exposure. We hypothesized that life-long consumption of a high-fat diet that contains low doses of pollutants will aggravate metabolic disorders induced by obesity itself. Mice were challenged from preconception ...
de Lourdes García-Magaña María - - 2013
Several reports have focused on utilization of post-harvest residues of crops, while neglecting those residues produced by mango processing. These residues represent a waste of nutrients and a source of environmental contaminants. Such by-products could be valuable sources of dietary fiber (DF), antioxidant compounds, and single carbohydrates. The aim of ...
Khan Mohammad Rizwan - - 2013
Heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which are formed during the cooking of protein-rich foods, are potent mutagens and a risk factor for human cancers. Levels of HCAs have been extensively investigated in meat products but not in fish products. Here, we report levels of HCAs in fried salmon, tuna, hake, sardine, angler ...
Levitsky David A - - 2013
The objective was to examine the effect of consuming breakfast on subsequent energy intake. Participants who habitually ate breakfast and those who skipped breakfast were recruited for two studies. Using a randomized crossover design , the first study, examined the effect of having participants consume either (a) no breakfast, (b) ...
Kanaya Noriko N Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, CA, - - 2013
To better understand how elevated androgen levels regulate food intake and obesity in females, we treated ovariectomized female mice with dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (non-aromatazable androgen), measured food intake and body weight, and evaluated physiological changes in liver function, glucose tolerance, and leptin resistance. Ovariectomized mice were treated with DHT or placebo. ...
McDonald Robert J - - 2013
Humans exposed to shiftwork conditions have been reported to have increased susceptibility to various health problems including various forms of dementia, cancer, heart disease, and metabolic disorders related to obesity. The present experiments assessed the effects of circadian disruption on learning and memory function and various food related processes including ...
de Araujo Ivan E IE The John B. Pierce Laboratory, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. - - 2013
Identification of energy sources depends upon the ability to form associations between food cues and nutritional value. As such, cues previously paired with calories elicit neuronal activation in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), which reflects the reinforcing value of food. The identity of the physiological signals regulating this response remains elusive. ...
Veloso R R RR - - 2013
Considering the increased incidence of obesity and metabolic diseases in caged psittacines, the effect of fibre and food processing was evaluated in the Blue-and-gold macaw. Four food formulations (0%, 7%, 14% and 21% of sugarcane fibre) processed by pelleting or extrusion were studied, resulting in eight diets. To study digestibility, ...
Stenblom Eva-Lena - - 2013
Thylakoids are chlorophyll-containing membranes in chloroplasts that have been isolated from green leaves. It has been previously shown that thylakoids supplemented with a high-fat meal can affect cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, insulin and blood lipids in humans, and can act to suppress food intake and prevent body weight gain in rodents. ...
Hingston Patricia A - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of initial contamination levels, biofilm maturity and presence of salt and fatty food soils on desiccation survival of Listeria monocytogenes on stainless steel (SS) coupons. L. monocytogenes cultures grown (at 15 °C for 48 h) in Tryptic Soy Broth with 1% glucose (TSB-glu) containing either 0.5 or 5% ...
Hostetler Gregory L - - 2013
Flavones isolated from celery varied in their stability and susceptibility to deglycosylation during thermal processing at pH 3, 5, or 7. Apigenin 7-O-apiosylglucoside was converted to apigenin 7-O-glucoside when heated at pH 3 and 100°C. Apigenin 7-O-glucoside showed little conversion or degradation at any pH after 5h at 100°C. Apigenin, ...
Schoeller Dale A - - 2013
Light element isotope signatures have been used to study food webs in many ecological niches, including those of ancient humans, but to a far lesser extent in modern humans. A recent paper presented results from a pilot study testing the utility of carbon isotope ratio analysis of alanine to measure ...
Berry Susan A - - 2013
Purpose:Treatment of inherited metabolic disorders is accomplished by use of specialized diets employing medical foods and medically necessary supplements. Families seeking insurance coverage for these products express concern that coverage is often limited; the extent of this challenge is not well defined.Methods:To learn about limitations in insurance coverage, parents of ...
Bahadoran Z - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Phytochemicals are natural non-nutritive bioactive compounds found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and legumes, as well as other plant foods. In the present study, we assessed the dietary phytochemical index (PI) in relation to cardiometabolic risk factors among Iranian adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted within the ...
You Chun - - 2013
The global demand for food could double in another 40 y owing to growth in the population and food consumption per capita. To meet the world's future food and sustainability needs for biofuels and renewable materials, the production of starch-rich cereals and cellulose-rich bioenergy plants must grow substantially while minimizing ...
Weidlich Sandy - - 2013
The secretion of amylase and cellulase in Gryllus bimaculatus is determined by increased food intake, whereby shortly after molting food consumption increases. About half of the standing amylase concentration (activity) in the endothelial cells can be secreted within 30 min. The peak of amylase and cellulase secretion that occurs in ...
Wang Qingfeng - - 2013
The characteristics of the long term (90d) anaerobic semi-continuous digestion of food wastes/animal slurry wastewater with different C/N ratio were investigated. The research demonstrates that, in the semi-continuous digestion process, different C/N ratios of substrate led to a significant effect to the characteristic of anaerobic digestion (AD). It is undoubtedly ...
Myers Kevin P - - 2013
MYERS, K.P., TADDEO, M.S. AND RICHARDS, E.K. Sensory-specific appetition: postingestive detection of glucose rapidly promotes continued consumption of a recently encountered flavor. PHYSIOL BEHAV 00(0) 000-000, 2013. - It is generally thought that macronutrients stimulate intake when sensed in the mouth (e.g., sweet taste) but as food enters the GI ...
El Khoury Dalia - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to compare the effects of protein to carbohydrate ratio and physical form in dairy on glucose homeostasis and food intake. METHODS: In a crossover design, 20 healthy males consumed 250 g of one of five treatments, plain yogurt, plain yogurt with honey, strawberry yogurt, skim milk ...
Pleissner Daniel - - 2013
Glucose, free amino nitrogen (FAN), and phosphate were recovered from food waste by fungal hydrolysis using Aspergillus awamori and Aspergillus oryzae. Using 100g food waste (dry weight), 31.9g glucose, 0.28g FAN, and 0.38g phosphate were recovered after 24h of hydrolysis. The pure hydrolysate has then been used as culture medium ...
Cheng S - - 2013
AIMS: To determine the characteristics of patients with diabetes who reported food insecurity at three diabetes clinics in western Kenya. METHODS: This study includes routinely collected demographic data at the first presentation of patients with diabetes at clinics in western Kenya from 1 January 2006 to 24 September 2011. A ...
Champagne Cory D - - 2013
Northern elephant seals endure prolonged periods of food deprivation at multiple life-history stages and simultaneous with energetically costly activities-including reproduction and development. Most mammals decrease their energy expenditure while fasting, with simultaneous reductions in gluconeogenesis and circulating glucose concentration. Paradoxically, elephant seals maintain high rates of both energy expenditure and ...
Gruber Franz F Max-Planck-Institut für Neurobiologie, Am Klopferspitz 18, D-82152 Martinsried, - - 2013
Motivation controls behavior [1]. A variety of food-related behaviors undergo motivational modulation by hunger, satiety, and other states [2-4]. Here we searched for critical satiation factors modulating approach to an odor associated with sugar reward in Drosophila melanogaster. We selectively manipulated different parameters associated with feeding, such as internal glucose ...
Konishi Tetsuya - - 2013
Glucose oxidase (β-D-glucose:oxygen 1-oxidoreductase; EC 1.1.2.3.4) is used in the food and beverage industry as a preservative and stabilizer and is commonly derived from the fungus Aspergillus niger. Although the safety of glucose oxidase preparations from A. niger is well-established, the use of preparations derived from other fungal species is ...
Wilson-Pérez Hilary E HE Department of Internal Medicine, Metabolic Diseases Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a peptide hormone that is released from the gut in response to nutrient ingestion and that has a range of metabolic effects, including enhancing insulin secretion and decreasing food intake. Postprandial GLP-1 secretion is greatly enhanced in rats and humans after some bariatric procedures, including ...
Rigamonti A E - - 2013
Eating slowly increases the postprandial responses of some anorexigenic gut hormones in healthy lean subjects. As the rate of food intake is positively associated with obesity, the aim of the study was to determine whether eating the same meal at different rates evokes different postprandial anorexigenic responses in obese adolescent ...
Tosh S M - - 2013
Oat and barley foods have been shown to reduce human glycaemic response, compared to similar wheat foods or a glucose control. The strength of the evidence supporting the hypothesis that the soluble fibre, mixed linkage β-glucan, reduces glycaemic response was evaluated. A search of the literature was conducted to find ...
Nakamori Taizo - - 2013
Food quality affects the food consumption rate, flux through the gut, and exposure to contaminants in animals. This study evaluated the effects of food quality on cadmium exposure in the soil collembolan Folsomia candida. Animals were exposed to constant concentrations of cadmium for 38 h via artificial food consisting of an ...
Swoboda Christine - - 2013
Although chewing gum has been considered a potential method for reducing energy intake, little empirical data exist to support this idea. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that chewing gum before eating reduces motivation to eat, hunger, and energy intake. In order to test this hypothesis, ...
Jardine Timothy D - - 2013
Biomagnification processes and the factors that govern them, including those for mercury (Hg), are poorly understood in streams. Total and methyl Hg concentrations and relative trophic position (using δ15N) were analyzed in biofilm and invertebrates from 21 streams in New Brunswick, Canada to assess food web biomagnification leading to the ...
Lou Xian Fang - - 2013
Published national and state reports have revealed that Australia deposits an average of 16 million Mg of solid waste into landfills yearly, of which approximately 12.6% is comprised of food. Being highly biodegradable and possessing high energy content, anaerobic digestion offers an attractive treatment option alternative to landfilling. The present ...
Peterson Michael E - - 2013
Xylitol is a prevalent sugar substitute found in a wide variety of foods, particularly those labeled as "low carb." It is found in many medicines and dental products both for its antibacterial activity and to increase palatability. Originally, this toxin was recognized as a problem in dogs following sugarless gum ...
Rokka Susanna - - 2013
Dietary fibre has a beneficial effect on metabolic syndrome, e.g. by influencing the absorption of glucose. The source and structure of fibre affect the glucose response. In this study, the glycaemic and insulinaemic response to oat bread, oat bread with lingonberry fibre, oat-buckwheat bread and buckwheat porridge were tested in ...
de Wild Victoire - - 2013
Children's consumption of vegetables is still below recommendations. Since preference is the most important predictor of children's intake and most children dislike vegetables, new strategies are needed to increase their preferences for vegetables. Flavour nutrient learning (FNL) could be an effective mechanism to change preferences. Forty healthy toddlers were included ...
Quan Lin-Hu - - 2013
In this study, the major ginsenoside Rb1 was transformed into the more pharmacologically active minor compound K by food grade Lactobacillus paralimentarius LH4, which was isolated from kimchi, a traditional Korean fermented food. The enzymatic reaction was analyzed by TLC, HPLC, and NMR. Using the cell-free enzyme of Lactobacillus paralimentarius ...
Burmeister Melissa A - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (Glp1) suppresses food intake via activation of a central (i.e., brain) Glp1 receptor (Glp1r). Central AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a nutrient-sensitive regulator of food intake that is inhibited by anorectic signals. The anorectic effect elicited by hindbrain Glp1r activation is attenuated by the AMPK stimulator AICAR. This ...
Karunakaran Subashini - - 2013
The rising prevalence of obesity is one of the greatest health challenges facing the world today. Discovery of genetic factors affecting obesity risk will provide important insight to its etiology that could suggest new therapeutic approaches. We have previously identified the Modifier of obese 1 (Moo1) quantitative trait locus (QTL) ...
Zhu Yong - - 2013
To understand the influence of food form on satiety, 19 male participants attended two separate test sessions to consume either a liquid-solid meal (LS), which consisted of whole pieces of vegetable in a broth, or a liquid version of the same ingredients [liquid meal (LM)]. Following this meal, appetite questionnaires ...
Jenkins Gareth B - - 2013
The secondary production of culturally acidified streams is low, with a few species of generalist detritivores dominating invertebrate assemblages, while decomposition processes are impaired. In a series of lowland headwater streams in southern England, we measured the rate of cellulolytic decomposition and compared it with values measured three decades ago, ...
Heni Martin - - 2013
Eating behavior is crucial in the development of obesity and Type 2 diabetes. To further investigate its regulation, we studied the effects of glucose versus water ingestion on the neural processing of visual high and low caloric food cues in 12 lean and 12 overweight subjects by functional magnetic resonance ...
Sheehy Tony - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Trinidad and Tobago has experienced an epidemiological transition over recent decades characterised by reduced rates of communicable diseases but rapidly increasing rates of obesity and non-communicable chronic diseases. The objective of the present study was to investigate the changes in energy and nutrient supply that have taken place in ...
Razzaq Hussam Aa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Health outcomes associated with sustained elevated blood glucose may be better managed by limiting glucose availability for uptake. Glucose release from consumed starch may be altered using various methods, but many are not suitable for high-carbohydrate foods. This study describes an approach to protect starch granules, while generally maintaining ...
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