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Chen Xiang X College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, - - 2013
Co-digestion of food waste and green waste was conducted with six feedstock mixing ratios to evaluate biogas production. Increasing the food waste percentage in the feedstock resulted in an increased methane yield, while shorter retention time was achieved by increasing the green waste percentage. Food waste/green waste ratio of 40:60 ...
Adam T C TC Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2013
Insulin resistance is a link between obesity and the associated disease risk. In addition to its role as an energy regulatory signal to the hypothalamus, insulin also modulates food reward. To examine the relationship of insulin sensitivity (SI) and fasting insulin with cerebral activation in response to food and non-food ...
Patel K K Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, - - 2013
Hyperthyroidism is known to increase food intake and central administration of thyroid hormone shows acute orexigenic effects in rodents. We investigated whether T3 influences appetite and glucose homeostasis by modulating circulating ghrelin, an important orexigenic hormone, in Zucker fatty rats. The acute anorectic effects of T3 and ghrelin mimetic MK-0677 ...
Olivos Diana R DR Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone released from intestinal L-cells in response to food entering into the gastrointestinal tract. GLP-1-based pharmaceuticals improve blood glucose regulation and may hold promise for obesity treatment, as GLP-1 drugs reduce food intake and body weight in humans and animals. In an effort to ...
Gesto Manuel M Laboratorio de Fisiología animal, Departamento de Biología Funcional y CC. de la Salud, Facultad de Biología, Universidade de Vigo, 36310, Vigo, - - 2013
The peptide arginine vasotocin (AVT), homologous to mammalian arginine vasopressin, is involved in many aspects of fish physiology such as osmoregulation, regulation of biological rhythms, reproduction, metabolism or responses to stress, and in the modulation of social behaviours. Since a decrease in appetite is a general response to stress in ...
Martín-Sánchez Ana María AM IPOA Research Group, Grupo 1-UMH Grupo REVIV-Generalitat Valenciana, AgroFood Technology Department, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela, Miguel Hernández University, Ctra, Beniel, Km 3.2, E-03312 Orihuela, Alicante, Spain; School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Plymouth University, United - - 2014
The nutritive, physicochemical and technological characteristics of several intermediate food products (IFPs) from Spanish Confitera fresh date co-products were investigated. Three IFPs were obtained, two from unblanched dates in different ripening stages (Khalal and Rutab), and a third one from blanched Khalal fruits. The IFPs were rich in dietary fibre ...
Heni Martin M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Angiology, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany ; Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases of the Helmholtz Center Munich at the University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany ; German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.), Neuherberg, - - 2014
Variation in FTO is the strongest genetic determinant of body weight and has recently been linked with impaired neural processing of food stimuli. However, whether this brain-expressed gene affects neuronal processing of food-related stimuli after ingestion is still poorly understood. In this study, twenty-four participants were examined before, 30 and ...
Bundrick Sarah C - - 2013
Soda consumption may contribute to weight gain over time. Objective data were used to determine whether soda consumption predicts weight gain or changes in glucose regulation over time. Subjects without diabetes (128 men, 75 women; mean age 34.3±8.9 years; mean body mass index 32.5±7.4; mean percentage body fat 31.6%±8.6%) self-selected ...
Rampersaud Gail C GC Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL - - 2014
Key recommendations in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and US Department of Agriculture's MyPlate are to reduce the intake of added sugars, particularly from sugar-sweetened beverages, and drink water instead of "sugary" beverages. However, little is known about consumer knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors regarding sugars in beverages. We hypothesized ...
Hasheminia Seyedeh M SM 1 Department of Entomology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2013
Abstract The methanolic extract of milk thistle, Silybium marianum L. (Asterales: Asteraceae), was investigated for its effects on the mortality, growth, feeding indices, enzymatic activity, and levels of non-enzymatic molecules of the small white butterfly, Pieris rapae L. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), a pest of cruciferous plants. Feeding indices including approximate digestibility ...
Aznar Arantxa - - 2013
Yeasts are tolerant to acid pH values, are able to grow in anaerobic media and have minimum nutrition requirements. These capabilities enable them to survive and even grow in foods prepared from acid fruits or vegetables. Among yeasts, Candida is one of the genus most frequently isolated from fruit juices. ...
Filippi Beatrice M - - 2013
Insulin signaling in the hypothalamus regulates food intake and hepatic glucose production in rodents. Although it is known that insulin also activates insulin receptor in the dorsal vagal complex (DVC) to lower glucose production through an Erk1/2-dependent and PI3K-independent pathway, it is unknown whether DVC insulin action regulates food intake. ...
Bahadoran Z Z Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center, and Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
There are growing concern globally regarding fast food consumption and its related cardiometabolic outcomes. In this study we investigated whether fast food consumption could affect the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) after 3-years of follow-up in adults. This longitudinal study was conducted in the framework of Tehran Lipid and Glucose ...
Serna-Maza A - - 2013
Three 35-L anaerobic digesters fed on source segregated food waste were coupled to side-stream ammonia stripping columns and operated semi-continuously over 300days, with results in terms of performance and stability compared to those of a control digester without stripping. Biogas was used as the stripping medium, and the columns were ...
Shi Zumin - - 2013
In animal studies, monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake at a particular age has been found to increase the risk of insulin resistance and obesity. Inconsistent associations between MSG intake and overweight have been reported in humans. No population study has assessed the association between MSG intake and diabetes risk. This study ...
Ramzy A R - - 2013
Background:Enhanced stimulation of the lower gut is hypothesized to play a key role in the weight loss and resolution of diabetes following bariatric surgeries. Ileal transposition (IT) permits study of the effects of direct lower gut stimulation on body weight, glucose homeostasis and other metabolic adaptations without the confounds of ...
Mita Koichi - - 2013
The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis is capable of being classically conditioned to avoid food and to consolidate this aversion into a long-term memory (LTM). Previous studies have shown that the length of food deprivation is important for both the acquisition of taste aversion and its consolidation into LTM, which is ...
Gibbs Michelle - - 2013
Glycaemic index testing is conducted in the morning, however postprandial glycaemia has a diurnal rhythm. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of glycaemic index on glucose tolerance at different times during the day. A randomised controlled crossover study was conducted in ten healthy participants after a standardised premeal and ...
Eerola K - - 2013
Melanocyte stimulating hormones (MSH) derived from the pro-hormone pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) have potent effects on metabolism and feeding that lead to reduced body weight in the long-term. In order to elucidate the individual roles of POMC derived peptides and their sites of action we created a method for the delivery of ...
Simmons W Kyle WK 1] Laureate Institute for Brain Research, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA. [2] Faculty of Community Medicine, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA. [3] Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health (NIHM), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2013
Prevailing theories hold that the insula is functionally organized along its caudal-to-rostral axis, with posterior regions coding lower-level sensory information and anterior regions coding higher-level stimulus significance relative to the body's homeostatic needs. Contrary to predictions of this model, the response of the taste-sensitive region of the caudal, but not ...
Carden Trevor J - - 2013
Obesity rates in the United States have risen consistently over the last four decades, increasing from about 13% of the population in 1970 to more than 34% in 2009. Dietary fructose has been blamed as a possible contributor to the obesity increase, although the consumption pattern of fructose and other ...
Li Xiao Min - - 2013
Microbial fuel cells are a promising technology for simultaneous treatment and energy recovery from food waste leachate. This study evaluates the effects of NaCl (0-150mM) and pH on the treatment of food waste leachate using microbial fuel cells. The food waste leachate amended with 100mM NaCl enabled the highest maximum ...
Wanders A J - - 2013
BackgroundViscous or gel-forming dietary fibers can increase satiety by a more firm texture and increased eating time. Effects of viscous or gel-forming fibers on satiety by post ingestive mechanisms such as gastric emptying, hormonal signals, nutrient absorption or fermentation are unclear. Moreover, it is unclear whether effects persist after repeated ...
Moreau Jason M - - 2013
This study was done to investigate the effects of acute intermittent hypoxia (IH) on metabolic factors associated with energy balance and body weight, and on hypothalamic satiety-inducing pathways. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to either 8 h IH or normoxic control conditions. Food intake, locomotion and body weights were ...
Mizuno Tooru M - - 2013
Hypothalamic glucose sensing plays a critical role in the regulation of food intake and metabolism. Glucose injection, either centrally or peripherally suppresses food intake. However, the mechanism of glucose-induced feeding suppression is not fully understood. It has been demonstrated that hypothalamic interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) mRNA levels are altered by ...
Zhao Xinrui - - 2013
Rice wine is a popular traditional alcoholic drink with a long history in China. However, the presence of potential carcinogenic ethyl carbamate (EC) raises a series of food safety concerns. Although the metabolic pathway of urea (the major precusor of EC) has been characterized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the regulation of ...
Zou Ye - - 2013
Selenium (Se) is an essential dietary mineral and Radix puerariae (RP) is a botanical supplement widely used as a nutraceutical. Food enriched with Se provides a feasible and economic approach for production of organic Se compounds. However, little is known about Se-enriched RP and the structure of Se-containing polysaccharides and ...
Regnault Trh - - 2013
Fructose is an increasingly common constituent of the Westernized Diet due to cost and production efficiencies. Although an integral component of our pre-industrial revolution diet, over the past two decades human and animal studies have highlighted that excessive fructose intake appears to be associated with adverse metabolic effects. Excessive intake ...
Pedreschi Franco - - 2013
Acrylamide (AA) is known as a neurotoxin in humans and it is classified as a probable human carcinogen by the International Agency of Research on Cancer (IARC, 1994). AA is produced as by-product of Maillard reaction in starchy foods processed at high temperatures (> 120 °C). This review includes the investigation ...
Zukerman Steven S Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York; and Cognition, Brain, and Behavior Doctoral Subprogram, Graduate School, City University of New York, New York, New - - 2013
Post-oral sugar actions enhance the intake of and preference for sugar-rich foods, a process referred to as appetition. Here, we investigated the role of intestinal sodium glucose cotransporters (SGLTs) in sugar appetition in C57BL/6J mice using sugars and nonmetabolizable sugar analogs that differ in their affinity for SGLT1 and SGLT3. ...
Boonyavarakul Apussanee - - 2013
To determine the glycemic index of Gen-Premium. Ten healthy volunteers were included for testing glycemic index of Gen-Premium. After the overnight fast, the subjects consumed 50 grams of glucose (reference food) within five minutes. The blood samples were collected at 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes for measuring of ...
Loeber Sabine - - 2013
Overeating, weight gain and obesity are considered as a major health problem in Western societies. At present, an impairment of response inhibition and a biased salience attribution to food-associated stimuli are considered as important factors associated with weight gain. However, recent findings suggest that the association between an impaired response ...
Wang Xuan - - 2013
One of the main problems of food waste composting is the intensive acidification due to initial rapid fermentation that retards decomposition efficiency. Lime addition overcame this problem, but resulted in significant loss of nitrogen as ammonia that reduces the nutrient contents of composts. Therefore, this study investigated the feasibility of ...
Sungur Sana - - 2014
The determination of bisphenol A (BPA) in foods and beverages sold in Turkish markets was carried out using high performance liquid chromatography. In this research, foods packed in packages with an inner surface covered with plastic film, such as milk, fruit juice, cream, pudding and tuna samples were used. Furthermore, ...
Das Deeplina - - 2013
Exopolysaccharide produced by lactic acid bacteria are the subject of an increasing number of studies for their potential applications in food industry as stabilizing, bio-thickening and immunostimulating agents. In this regard, the authors isolated an exopolysaccharide producing probiotic lactic acid bacteria from fermented beverage Marcha of north eastern Himalayas. The ...
Ott Volker V Department of Neuroendocrinology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, - - 2013
Experiments in animals suggest that the neuropeptide oxytocin acts as an anorexigenic signal in the central nervous control of food intake. In humans, however, research has almost exclusively focused on the involvement of oxytocin in the regulation of social behavior. We investigated the effect of intranasal oxytocin on ingestion and ...
Wilms Britta - - 2013
Context:The mechanisms of weight loss after Roux-en gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery are incompletely understood.Objective:To investigate changes in metabolic processing of ingested food that may contribute to the weight-reducing of RYGB surgery.Design:Cross-sectional case-control study.Setting:Interdisciplinary Obesity Center, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, Switzerland.Patients:10 formerly obese women (mean±SEM; BMI: 26.6±0.9 kg/m(2)) who had undergone ...
Li Liang - - 2013
Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is a thermal conversion technique that converts food wastes and associated packaging materials to a valuable, energy-rich resource. Food waste collected from local restaurants was carbonized over time at different temperatures (225, 250 and 275°C) and solids concentrations to determine how process conditions influence carbonization product properties ...
Nausheen Saima - - 2013
Bariatric surgeries are hypothesized to produce weight loss and improve diabetes control by multiple mechanisms including gastric restriction and lower gut stimulation; the relative importance of these mechanisms remains poorly understood. We compared the effects of a typical foregut procedure - Sleeve Gastrectomy, (SG) with a primarily hindgut surgery - ...
Jiang Jianguo - - 2013
The effects of pH, temperature, and organic loading rate (OLR) on the acidogenesis of food waste have been determined. The present study investigated their effects on soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), volatile fatty acids (VFAs), volatile solids (VS), and ammonia nitrogen (NH4(+)-N). Both the concentration and yield of VFAs were ...
Obinna-Echem Patience C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Akamu is a lactic acid fermented cereal-based food that constitutes a major infant complementary food in most West Africa countries. Identity of LAB population from DGGE analysis and conventionally isolated LAB and yeasts from traditionally fermented akamu were confirmed by PCR-sequencing analysis. The relationship between pH, acidity and lactic ...
Reed Michael O - - 2013
 This study aimed to understand effects of different cooking methods, including steamed, pilaf, and traditional stir-fried, on starch hydrolysis rates of rice. Rice grains of 3 varieties, japonica, indica, and waxy, were used for the study. Rice starch was isolated from the grain and characterized. Amylose contents of starches from ...
Naville Danielle - - 2013
Environmental contaminants are suspected to be involved in the epidemic incidence of metabolic disorders, food ingestion being a primarily route of exposure. We hypothesized that life-long consumption of a high-fat diet that contains low doses of pollutants will aggravate metabolic disorders induced by obesity itself. Mice were challenged from preconception ...
de Lourdes García-Magaña María - - 2013
Several reports have focused on utilization of post-harvest residues of crops, while neglecting those residues produced by mango processing. These residues represent a waste of nutrients and a source of environmental contaminants. Such by-products could be valuable sources of dietary fiber (DF), antioxidant compounds, and single carbohydrates. The aim of ...
Khan Mohammad Rizwan - - 2013
Heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which are formed during the cooking of protein-rich foods, are potent mutagens and a risk factor for human cancers. Levels of HCAs have been extensively investigated in meat products but not in fish products. Here, we report levels of HCAs in fried salmon, tuna, hake, sardine, angler ...
Levitsky David A - - 2013
The objective was to examine the effect of consuming breakfast on subsequent energy intake. Participants who habitually ate breakfast and those who skipped breakfast were recruited for two studies. Using a randomized crossover design , the first study, examined the effect of having participants consume either (a) no breakfast, (b) ...
Kanaya Noriko N Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, CA, - - 2013
To better understand how elevated androgen levels regulate food intake and obesity in females, we treated ovariectomized female mice with dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (non-aromatazable androgen), measured food intake and body weight, and evaluated physiological changes in liver function, glucose tolerance, and leptin resistance. Ovariectomized mice were treated with DHT or placebo. ...
McDonald Robert J - - 2013
Humans exposed to shiftwork conditions have been reported to have increased susceptibility to various health problems including various forms of dementia, cancer, heart disease, and metabolic disorders related to obesity. The present experiments assessed the effects of circadian disruption on learning and memory function and various food related processes including ...
de Araujo Ivan E IE The John B. Pierce Laboratory, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. - - 2013
Identification of energy sources depends upon the ability to form associations between food cues and nutritional value. As such, cues previously paired with calories elicit neuronal activation in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), which reflects the reinforcing value of food. The identity of the physiological signals regulating this response remains elusive. ...
Veloso R R RR - - 2013
Considering the increased incidence of obesity and metabolic diseases in caged psittacines, the effect of fibre and food processing was evaluated in the Blue-and-gold macaw. Four food formulations (0%, 7%, 14% and 21% of sugarcane fibre) processed by pelleting or extrusion were studied, resulting in eight diets. To study digestibility, ...
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