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Ferguson J F JF Cardiovascular Institute, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumption of foods that modulate inflammatory stress in genetically-prone individuals may influence development of cardiometabolic diseases. Isoflavones in soy-derived foods function as phytoestrogens, have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, inhibit protein-tyrosine kinase activity, and may be atheroprotective. We examined the relationship between soy food consumption and inflammatory responses to endotoxemia, postprandial ...
Hayes Matthew R MR Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; email: - - 2014
Arguably the most fundamental physiological systems for all eukaryotic life are those governing energy balance. Without sufficient energy, an individual is unable to survive and reproduce. Thus, an ever-growing appreciation is that mammalian physiology developed a redundant set of neuroendocrine signals that regulate energy intake and expenditure, which maintains sufficient ...
Lambert Jennifer E - - 2014
Fibre intake among North Americans is currently less than half the recommended amount. Consumers are interested in food products that could promote weight loss and improve health. Consequently, evaluation of unique fibre sources with potential gut-mediated benefits for metabolic health warrants investigation. Our objective is to assess the effects of ...
Lee Joonyeob J School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Gyeongbuk 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
Methanogen communities were investigated using 454 pyrosequencing in four different full-scale anaerobic digesters treating food waste-recycling wastewater. Seasonal samples were collected for 2years, and 24 samples were available for microbial analysis from a plug flow thermophilic (PT) digester, a continuously-stirred tank thermophilic (CT) digester, an upflow anerobic sludge blanket mesophilic ...
Hogenkamp P S PS Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sensory properties guide the amount that people eat. In particular, food texture plays an important role in a food's 'expected satiation', which in turn affects the food-related decision making process. One hypothesis is that incongruent pairing of a textural cue with a post-ingestive outcome compromises this process, leading to poor ...
Tsuchiya Masahiro M Divisions of Aging and Geriatric Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary habits are crucial factors affecting metabolic homeostasis. However, few animal experiments have addressed the effects of long-term feeding with soft food on parameters reflecting systemic health. Using mice, we compared the effects of short (3days) and long (17weeks from weaning) feeding periods between powdered food and normal pellet food ...
El Khoury D D Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Sodium alginate reduces appetite and glycemia, when consumed in water- and sugar-based drinks. But, its effects when added to other commonly consumed beverages have not been reported. Because chocolate milk (CM) is criticized for raising blood glucose more than unflavored milk, the aim of our study was to investigate the ...
Van Engelen M M Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Background and Objective:The role of sugars in solutions on subjective appetite and food intake (FI) has received little investigation in children. Therefore, we examined the effect of isocaloric solutions (200 kcal/250 ml) of sugars including sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup-55 (HFCS) or glucose, compared with a non-caloric sucralose control, on subjective appetite and ...
Forsberg Tina - - 2014
Fibre-rich rye products have been shown to have superior effects on self-reported appetite compared to white wheat bread and some studies have shown lower energy intake after subsequent meal. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of whole grain rye crisp bread (RB) versus refined wheat ...
van Buul Vincent J VJ Maastricht University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Human Biology, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The - - 2014
A causal role of fructose intake in the aetiology of the global obesity epidemic has been proposed in recent years. This proposition, however, rests on controversial interpretations of two distinct lines of research. On one hand, in mechanistic intervention studies, detrimental metabolic effects have been observed after excessive isolated fructose ...
George R R Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, - - 2014
The glycaemic responses of staples differ when eaten as mixed meals. We determined the glycaemic responses and glycaemic index (GI) values for common South Asian carbohydrate rich foods and the effect of adding curried chicken to them as mixed meals. The GI and glycaemic response to staples (basmati rice, pilau ...
Claire Detrain D Service d'Ecologie Sociale CP 213, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 50 avenue F. Rossevelt B-1050 Bruxelles - Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Carbohydrate sources such as plant exudates, nectar and honeydew represent the main source of energy for many ant species and contribute towards maintaining their mutualistic relationships with plants or aphid colonies. Here we characterise the sensitivity, feeding response curve and food intake efficiency of the aphid tending ant, Lasius niger ...
Ranum Peter P Independent consultant, Tucson, - - 2014
Maize (Zea mays), also called corn, is believed to have originated in central Mexico 7000 years ago from a wild grass, and Native Americans transformed maize into a better source of food. Maize contains approximately 72% starch, 10% protein, and 4% fat, supplying an energy density of 365 Kcal/100 g ...
Müller-Deile Janina J Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to analyse if intra-dialytic food intake may lead to changes in online Kt/V. Methods: Forty patients were analysed using haemodialysis machines with integrated online Kt/V monitoring based on UV absorbance or ionic dialysance. Kt/V was monitored before, during and after food intake. Samples ...
Nguyen Amy D AD Neuroscience Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW 2010, - - 2014
Orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and dynorphin (DYN) regulate energy homeostasis. Single NPY or dynorphin deletion reduces food intake or increases fat loss. Future developments of obesity therapeutics involve targeting multiple pathways. We hypothesised that NPY and dynorphin regulate energy homeostasis independently, thus double NPY and dynorphin ablation would result in ...
Kim Eunmi E Dept. of Traditional Industry, Korea Food Research Inst, 463-746, Baekhyun dong, Songnam, Kyunggido Republic of - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare the metabolizable energies of Korean starch foods by an animal metabolic study with those calculated using well-known energy conversion factors. There were 12 experimental diets (that is, 7 Korean foods, 3 Western foods, and 2 control foods): barley, brown rice, laver-rolled rice, rice mixed ...
Ackroff Karen K Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210 USA; Cognition, Brain and Behavior Doctoral Subprogram, The Graduate School, City University of New York, New York10016, NY 11210 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fat appetite is determined not only by orosensory (flavor) stimuli but also by the post-oral actions of dietary fat, which promote increased attraction to the flavors of high-fat foods. Experiment 1 presents a concentration-response analysis of how intragastric (IG) fat self-infusions stimulate intake and condition flavor preferences in C57BL/6J mice ...
Botelho Priscilla S PS Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, S/N, Dois Irmãos, Recife CEP: 52171-900, - - 2014
Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPSs) have been widely studied in recent decades due to similarity to gums used in the food industry. Exopolysaccharides can be used in food processing as a thickener and/or stabiliser. This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties, thermal behaviour and structural composition of the lyophilised EPS obtained ...
Sigurdson Gregory T - - 2014
Use of artificial food colorants has declined due to health concerns and consumer demand making natural alternatives a high demand. The effects of Al3+ salt on food source anthocyanins were evaluated with the objective to better understand blue color development of metallo-anthocyanins. This is one of the first known studies ...
Anekwe Tobenna D TD The authors are with the Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated the association between the price of healthy and less-healthy food groups and blood sugar among US adults with type 2 diabetes. Methods. We linked 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey health information to food prices contained in the Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database. We regressed blood sugar ...
Soengas José L JL Laboratorio de Fisioloxía Animal, Departamento de Bioloxía Funcional e Ciencias da Saúde, Facultade de Bioloxía, Universidade de Vigo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food intake in fish is a complex process regulated through many different factors including abundance of energy and nutrients. In recent years, evidence have been obtained in several fishes, mainly in rainbow trout, regarding the presence and functioning in brain areas of metabolic sensors informing about changes in the levels ...
Bajón Fernández Y Y Cranfield Water Science Institute, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, - - 2014
The increasing concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere and the stringent greenhouse gases (GHG) reduction targets, require the development of CO2 sequestration technologies applicable for the waste and wastewater sector. This study addressed the reduction of CO2 emissions and enhancement of biogas production associated with CO2 enrichment of ...
Pleissner Daniel D School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong - - 2014
Potential of fungal hydrolysis in submerged fermentation by Aspergillus awamori and Aspergillus oryzae as a food waste treatment process and for preparation of fermentation feedstock has been investigated. By fungal hydrolysis, 80-90% of the initial amount of waste was reduced and degraded within 36-48h into glucose, free amino nitrogen (FAN) ...
Campos Jenyffer M JM Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição-Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Rua Nelson Chaves, s/n, Cidade Universitária, CEP 50670-901, Recife, Pernambuco, - - 2014
Biosurfactants are of considerable interest due to their biodegradability, low degree of toxicity, and diverse applications. However, the high production costs involved in the acquisition of biosurfactants underscore the need for optimization of the production process to enable viable application on an industrial scale. The aims of the present study ...
Jacob Jacqueline P JP Animal and Food Sciences Department, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546-0215, - - 2014
There has been an increased interest in the use of immunomodulators as substitutes for antibiotics in food animal production. Beta-glucans from yeast and fungi may be ideal substitutes because of their positive effects on the avian immune system without adversely affecting poultry performance. Barley β-glucans, however, have not shown this ...
Kawai Minako M Department of Environmental Engineering for Symbiosis, Faculty of Engineering, Soka University, 1-236 Tangi-cho, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-8577, - - 2014
Influence of the labile organic fraction (LOF) on anaerobic digestion of food waste was investigated in different S/I ratio of 0.33, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0g-VSsubstrate/g-VSinoculum. Two types of substrate, standard food waste (Substrate 1) and standard food waste with the supernatant (containing LOF) removed (Substrate 2) were used. Highest ...
Allirot Xavier X Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Paul Bocuse, Château du Vivier, 69130 Ecully, France; Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône-Alpes, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69310 Pierre Bénite, France; Centre Européen de Nutrition pour la Santé, Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of frequent eating on health and particularly on appetite and metabolism are unclear. We have previously shown that frequent eating decreased appetite and energy intake at the subsequent meal in lean men. In the present study, we tested the same pattern in obese subjects. Seventeen obese men participated ...
Bernat N N 1Institute of Food Engineering for the Development, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, - - 2014
Functional advantages of probiotics combined with interesting composition of oat were considered as an alternative to dairy products. In this study, fermentation of oat milk with Lactobacillus reuteri and Streptococcus thermophilus was analysed to develop a new probiotic product. Central composite design with response surface methodology was used to analyse ...
Hayes Matthew B MB Department of Biological Science, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, 65409, - - 2014
When fed ad libitum (AL), ectothermic animals usually grow faster and have higher metabolic rate at higher ambient temperature. However, if food supply is limited, there is an energy tradeoff between growth and metabolism. Here we hypothesize that for ectothermic animals under food restriction (FR), high temperature will lead to ...
Truong Teresa H TH Department of Pharmacy: Clinical and Administrative Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy , Oklahoma City, OK , - - 2014
Abstract The primary objective was to determine the glycemic index (GI) of jasmine rice grown in the United States (US). Secondary objective was to compare the GI of US grown jasmine rice to those grown in Thailand. Twelve healthy subjects were served all four brands of jasmine rice and a ...
Staudigl Petra - - 2014
The L-arabinose isomerase (L-AI) and the D-xylose isomerase (D-XI) encoding genes from Lactobacillus reuteri (DSMZ 17509) were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The proteins were purified to homogeneity by one-step affinity chromatography and characterized biochemically. L-AI displayed maximum activity at 65 °C and pH 6.0, while D-XI ...
Pruimboom Leo L University of Gerona (Spain), Passeig Devesa 41, Gerona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Various positively selected adaptations to new nutrients have been identified. Lactase persistence is among the best known, conferring the ability for drinking milk at post weaning age. An augmented number of amylase gene (AMY1) copies, giving rise to higher salivary amylase activity, has been implicated in the consumption of starch-rich ...
Capraro Jessica J Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via G. Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy. - - 2014
The supplementation of foods with biologically active compounds can be a powerful approach for improving diet and well being. In this study we separately included in pasta matrices a concentrate of γ-conglutin, a glucose-lowering protein from Lupinus albus seeds, an isolate of the other main lupin storage proteins and ovalbumin, ...
Kovalsky Paris Maria Paula - - 2014
We report the identification of a barley UDP-glucosyltransferase, HvUGT14077, which is able to convert the estrogenic Fusarium mycotoxin zearalenone into a near equimolar mixture of the known masked mycotoxin zearalenone-14-O-β-glucoside and a new glucose conjugate, zearalenone-16-O-β-glucoside. Biocatalytical production using engineered yeast expressing the HvUGT14077 gene allowed structural elucidation of this ...
Bolhuis Dieuwerke P DP Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Previous research has shown that oral processing characteristics like bite size and oral residence duration are related to the satiating efficiency of foods. Oral processing characteristics are influenced by food texture. Very little research has been done on the effect of food texture within solid foods on energy intake. The ...
Calbet Albert A Institut de Ciències del Mar - CSIC, Barcelona, - - 2014
We studied the effects of future climate change scenarios on plankton communities of a Norwegian fjord using a mesocosm approach. After the spring bloom, natural plankton were enclosed and treated in duplicates with inorganic nutrients elevated to pre-bloom conditions (N, P, Si; eutrophication), lowering of 0.4 pH units (acidification), and ...
Lee Chaeyoung C Dept of Civil Engineering, The University of Suwon, San 2-2, Wau-ri, Bongdam-eup, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, 445-746, Republic of - - 2014
This study was performed to investigate the influence of operational pH on dark H2 fermentation of food waste by employing anaerobic batch reactors. The highest maximum H2 yield was 1.63 mol H2/mol hexoseadded at operational pH 5.3, whereas the lowest maximum H2 yield was 0.88 mol H2/mol hexoseadded at operational ...
Hebert Mark M Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, - - 2014
Manipulation of body weight set point may be an effective weight loss and maintenance strategy as the homeostatic mechanism governing energy balance remains intact even in obese conditions and counters the effort to lose weight. However, how the set point is determined is not well understood. We show that a ...
Sloboda Deborah M DM The Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, HSC 4H30A, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S - - 2014
The consumption of artificially sweetened processed foods, particularly high in fructose or high fructose corn syrup, has increased significantly in the past few decades. As such, interest into the long term outcomes of consuming high levels of fructose has increased significantly, particularly when the exposure is early in life. Epidemiological ...
Brisbois Tristin D TD Nutrition Information Service, Canadian Sugar Institute, 10 Bay Street, Ste. 620, Toronto, ON M5J 2R8, Canada. - - 2014
National food supply data and dietary surveys are essential to estimate nutrient intakes and monitor trends, yet there are few published studies estimating added sugars consumption. The purpose of this report was to estimate and trend added sugars intakes and their contribution to total energy intake among Canadians by, first, ...
Manthou Eirini E Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, Karditsa 43100, Greece. - - 2014
In this study we examined the glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) of a functional food product, which contains ewe-goat whey protein and carbohydrates in a 1:1 ratio. Nine healthy volunteers, (age, 23.3 ± 3.9 years; body mass index, 24.2 ± 4.1 kg·m2; body fat %, 18.6 ± 10.0) ...
Wang Gene-Jack GJ Laboratory of Neuroimaging, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Dopamine mediates the rewarding effects of food that can lead to overeating and obesity, which then trigger metabolic neuroadaptations that further perpetuate excessive food consumption. We tested the hypothesis that the dopamine response to calorie intake (independent of palatability) in striatal brain regions is attenuated with increases in weight. We ...
Faulk Christopher C Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
Developmental lead (Pb) exposure has been associated with lower body weight in human infants and late onset obesity in mice. We determined the association of perinatal Pb exposure in mice with changes in obesity-related phenotypes into adulthood. Mice underwent exposure via maternal drinking water supplemented with 0 (control), 2.1 (low), ...
Vahabi M M Mandana Vahabi, Ph.D., Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 2K3, Telephone: (416) 979-5000, Ext. 2725, Fax Number: (416) 979-5332, E-mail address: - - 2014
To explore the extent of food security among older people, particularly those with cognitive impairments residing in Canadian long-term care homes (LTCHs) through a focused review of literature. Databases including Medline, Nursing and Health Sciences (SAGE), Psych Info, Social Sciences Abstract, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health ...
Noriega Kristen E KE Department of Human Nutrition, Kansas State University, 208 Justin Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. - - 2014
Fortified blended foods (FBF) are used for the prevention and treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in nutritionally vulnerable individuals, particularly children. A recent review of FBF recommended the addition of animal source food (ASF) in the form of whey protein concentrate (WPC), especially to corn-soy blends. The justification for ...
Hersch Derek D Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, 920 East 28th St, Suite 100, Minneapolis, MN 55407. E-mail: - - 2014
Cooking programs have been used to promote healthful eating among people of all ages. This review assesses the evidence on childhood cooking programs and their association with changes in food-related preferences, attitudes, and behaviors of school-aged children. We systematically searched PubMed, Ovid-Medline, and CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied ...
Nelson Richard L RL Department of General Surgery, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, - - 2014
Anal fissures are a common cause of anal pain during, and for 1 to 2 hours after, defecation. The cause is not fully understood, but low intake of dietary fibre may be a risk factor. We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are ...
Vafidis James O JO Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Wales, CF10 3AX, United - - 2014
Migratory birds face significant challenges across their annual cycle, including occupying an appropriate non-breeding home range with sufficient foraging resources. This can affect demographic processes such as over-winter survival, migration mortality and subsequent breeding success. In the Sahel region of Africa, where millions of migratory songbirds attempt to survive the ...
Eloranta A M AM Physiology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland, - - 2013
Previous evidence for the associations of eating frequency and food consumption with clustering of metabolic risk factors among children is limited. We therefore investigated association of the daily number of main meals and snacks and food consumption with a metabolic risk score and individual metabolic risk factors in primary school ...
Shah Meena - - 2013
The effect of eating speed on energy intake by weight status is unclear. To examine whether the effect of eating speed on energy intake is the same in normal-weight and overweight/obese subjects. The effect of slow and fast eating speed on meal energy intake was assessed in a randomized crossover ...
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