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Seifert M - - 2000
The daily lead intake in Germany in 1996 was studied using the duplicate portion technique. The study was carried out in four towns in Thuringia (Jena, Ronneburg, Rositz, Steudnitz), in which volunteers collected all foods and beverages over 7 consecutive days. The mean lead content of consumed food and beverages ...
Root R A - - 2000
This study documents that lead weights, which are used to balance motor vehicle wheels, are lost and deposited in urban streets, that they accumulate along the outer curb, and that they are rapidly abraded and ground into tiny pieces by vehicle traffic. The lead is so soft that half the ...
Turoczy N J - - 2000
Deep sea dog sharks (Deania calcea, Centroscymnus crepidater, and Centroscymnus owstonii) were captured from the waters off western Victoria, Australia, in April and May 1998. The elements As, Ca, Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Sr, and Zn were detected in the muscle tissue. The concentrations of Al, ...
Witzel B - - 2000
Uptake of cadmium, lead, and zinc was studied in juvenile Porcellio scaber in feeding experiments over 5 months. The metals were offered separately and in different combinations and concentrations in the food. The ability of P. scaber to eliminate the accumulated metals was studied subsequently for 3 months on uncontaminated ...
Tassi C - - 2000
The urinary excretion of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (U-NAG) and urinary Cadmium (U-Cd) concentration, a measure of the metal load in the body, were evaluated in 28 workers exposed to Cd, to determine the relation between the two parameters. In urine from 22 exposed workers with U-Cd<2 microg/g creatinine (Cr) there was no ...
Ikeda M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing public concern of the possible health effects of lead (Pb) on general populations, reports on Pb levels in blood (Pb-B) and urine (Pb-B), as well as Pb intake via foods (Pb-F) for many Asian countries are scarce. The present study was initiated to elucidate the extent of ...
Wróbel A - - 2000
This study was undertaken to assess the influence of traffic on particulate air pollution in an urban area, and to characterise the short-range transport of the aerosols generated by traffic. The study was conducted in Kraków, a city located in southern Poland with a population of approximately 800,000. Aerosol samples ...
Farmer A A - - 2000
This paper presents results of analysis of animal feed and meat (cattle, horse and sheep) products from a metal processing region (Oskemen) in east Kazakhstan. Samples were collected from a range of districts of differing distances from the main source of anthropogenic pollution and with differing underlying metal-containing geologies. Analyses ...
Larison J R - - 2000
Cadmium is known to be both extremely toxic and ubiquitous in natural environments. It occurs in almost all soils, surface waters and plants, and it is readily mobilized by human activities such as mining. As a result, cadmium has been named as a potential health threat to wildlife species; however, ...
Sherba M - - 2000
Food response preceding and following exposure to Cu concentrations of 0.00, 0.02, and 0.2 mg/L was observed in male and female Cambarus bartonii from an uncontaminated, freshwater lake. The animals were tested in a Y-maze. Control animals demonstrated food localization, and the treated animals, either no localization or slight food ...
Trivedy C R - - 2000
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a well-recognised-potentially malignant condition of the oral cavity associated with areca nut chewing. Areca nut has been shown to have a high copper content compared to other commonly eaten nuts, and chewing areca nut for 5-30 min significantly increases soluble copper in whole mouth fluids. ...
Queirolo F - - 2000
Various vegetables (broad beans, corn, potato, alfalfa and onion) were sampled in northern Chile, Antofagasta Region. They are the basis of human nutrition in this region and of great relevance to human health. This region is characterized by volcanic events (eruptions, thermal springs, etc.). Most of the vegetables cultivated in ...
Monro J A JA New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 11 600, Palmerston North, New - - 2000
A computer system, called SERVE-NZ Nutririon Management System, for use in diabetes management, addresses the problem of concurrently controlling postprandial glycaemic response and nutrient intake in meals containing a number of foods, is described. It converts the weight and relative glycaemic potency of each food to its content of glycaemic ...
Santos MH - - 2000
The effect of chronic exposure (35 days) to sub-lethal concentrations of copper (17-212 ppb) and zinc (41-525 ppb) on growth of Farfantepenaeus paulensis postlarvae 17 days old (PL(17)) was analysed. The effects of acute exposure of PL(17) to the same metal on food ingestion and oxygen consumption were also evaluated. ...
Knigge T - - 2000
The impact of lead on food consumption, energy metabolism and the stress protein (hsp 70) level was investigated in the woodlouse Porcellio scaber (Isopoda), a common representative of the saprophagous soil macrofauna. To examine possible acclimation or tolerance to lead in woodlice from a contaminated habitat, animals of two populations, ...
Gomot-De Vaufleury A - - 2000
Juvenile Helix aspersa (1 month, 1 g) were exposed for 4 weeks to food contaminated with copper, zinc, lead, and pentachlorophenol. At concentrations observed in contaminated soils, two essential metals at low levels (Cu and Zn) had a dose-dependent sublethal action on growth. Copper inhibited growth dose-dependently between 1000 and ...
Allinson G - - 2000
Little information is available on the effects of metals in the diet of parastacids, despite the importance of the freshwater crayfish industry worldwide. There have been no published studies on the effect of either dissolved or dietary copper on the Australian freshwater crayfish Cherax destructor. Herein is reported a study ...
Varrica D - - 2000
Major and trace element concentrations were determined in two lichen species (Parmelia conspersa and Xanthoria calcicola) from the island of Vulcano and all around Mt. Etna. In both areas, the average concentrations of Al, Ca, Mg, Fe, Na, K, P and Ti are substantially greater than those of other elements. ...
Tripathi R M - - 2000
The daily intake of manganese (Mn) estimated through air, water and duplicate dietary analysis is found to range from 0.67 to 4.99 mg with a mean value of 2.21 mg. Ingestion through food contributed to the predominant fraction of the intake. The turnover rate of Mn through blood is approximately ...
Ikeda M - - 2000
Information is still scarce for many Asian countries on general population exposure to two potentially toxic heavy metals of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd). The present review on publications from this study group is intended to provide an overview of the non-occupational exposure to Pb and Cd among general populations ...
Shimbo S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether lead (Pb) in urine and cadmium (Cd) in blood, especially the former, can be used as markers of environmental exposure of general populations to these metals. METHODS: Between 1991 and 1998, spot urine and peripheral blood samples, together with 24 h duplicates of food intake were ...
Charpentier B - - 2000
In forensic science, the analysis of gunshot residues was traditionally done by the detection of lead (Pb), antimony (Sb) and barium (Ba) usually found in a primer. However, the recent development of lead-free ammunition represents a new challenge for ballistic specialists. This analysis study gunshot residues from primers and ammunitions ...
Fabig A - - 2000
On the basis of the reconstruction of general nutritional patterns by trace element data on historic populations, an examination on occupational Ba intakes in the skeleton was carried out for a historical metallurgy population. The concentrations of the trace elements Ba, Sr, and Pb as well as the matrix element ...
Burger J - - 2000
Female birds sequester some heavy metals in their eggs, which are then transferred to the developing embryo. Semiprecocial birds such as albatrosses are fully covered with down at hatching, but are dependent on their parents for food for many weeks. At hatching, levels of metals in the chick's down represent ...
Zhang Z W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to elucidate the current level of environmental lead (Pb) exposure of women in general population in Japan, where the use of organic Pb in automobile gasoline was phased out from 1973 to reach a zero level early in the 1980s. METHODS: A survey ...
Muñoz-Barbosa A - - 2000
Samples of Mytilus californianus were analyzed to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of Ag, Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn concentrations on the northwest coast of Baja California and to compare the results with levels reported for California, USA. The samples were collected at eight sites from ...
Schrey P - - 2000
The dietary intake of metals was studied in seven male and seven female children at the age of 1.5 to 5.3 years living in a remote area of Germany, the North Sea island Amrum. The dietary intake of lead and cadmium was measured by a seven-day-duplicate study using atomic absorption ...
Nogami E M - - 2000
The administration of cadmium, as food supplement, its bioaccumulation, and the effects on the development of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were investigated. The average size and weight and its behavior compared with controls were investigated during the period January 31, 1997, until March 31, 1999. At intervals of 60 days the ...
Nawawi H M HM Chemical Pathology Unit, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Tenteram, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras 56000, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2000
Acarbose inhibits intestinal alpha-glucosidases resulting in diminished and delayed postprandial hyperglycaemia (PPH). Studies on effects of acarbose on postprandial lipaemia (PPL) have been inconclusive. Little is known about the effects of acarbose on PPH and PPL following intake of a polysaccharide diet. We studied 30 type 2 diabetic patients on ...
Watanabe T - - 2000
The objectives of the present study are: (a) to clarify the current levels of environmental exposure to lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in Shaanxi Province in China in comparison with levels in other parts of mainland China; (b) to examine if there is any urban-rural difference in Pb and Cd ...
Zhang H - - 2000
Blood analyses for rare-earth element (REE)-high background regions in South Jiangxi show that the population averages of many of the biochemical indices deviate markedly from normal values in the normal region. These deviations are thought to be caused by prolonged intake of REE through food chains in view of that ...
Smrcka C - - 2000
For our research, one thousand forty-four samples were taken from the femurs of 522 skeletons from 25 sites in Europe from the Neolithic Age (4000-5000 B.C), from La T?ne Period, the Roman Era (500 B.C-400 A.D.), the Middle Ages and from contemporary cadavers. We found the following distribution of elements ...
Watanabe T - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The Japanese people are known to have high environmental exposure to cadmium (Cd). The present survey was initiated to elucidate possible changes in the intensity of Cd exposure to the population by comparison of the present exposure level with the situation some 15 years ago. METHODS: During 1991-1997, 24-h ...
Capar S G - - 2000
Food purchased throughout the United States during 1991-1997 under the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study (TDS) program were analyzed for elements and radionuclides. The program is described with emphasis on food analysis and quality control, including independent interlaboratory exercises. Analytical results are summarized for Cd, Pb, Ni, ...
König J S - - 2000
Copper concentration in blood plasma is used mainly as an indicator for alimentary copper supply. This has some limitations because copper concentration in plasma fluctuates with age, exercise and health status and does not increase after a meal nor decrease during short-term fasting. The Austrian Study on Nutritional Status (ASNS) ...
Fichet D - - 1999
The bioavailability of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn was assessed in different harbours of the Atlantic coast (France). The responses of the two dominant meiobenthic groups (nematodes and copepods) to a heavy metal contamination gradient measured in similar subtidal sediments were observed in field surveys. Heavy metal concentrations were measured ...
Hernández L M - - 1999
The impact of the spill from the mine in Aznalcollar (Seville, Spain) on waterfowl in the Doñana National Park is assessed. The concentrations of Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn nd As in the liver and eggs of 16 species of waterfowl found dead in the Park between April and November 1998 ...
Antonini J M - - 1999
It was shown previously that fumes generated from stainless steel (SS) welding induced more pneumotoxicity and were cleared from the lungs at a slower rate than fumes collected from mild steel (MS) welding. These differences in response may be attributed to the metal composition of SS and MS welding fumes. ...
Camous J P - - 1999
A proximal pseudofracture of a Medtronic 6936 defibrillating lead adjacent to the ICD pulse generator was found on X ray. At this site, the multifilar metallic connector joins the stimulating lead before coiling around it. Conventional X ray of the abdomen does not visualize this connection. During ICD replacement, lead ...
Ekmekcioglu C - - 1999
The objective of this study was to show whether analysed nutrient data correlate with calculated values from a food database. For this purpose the calcium, magnesium, copper and zinc contents of 62 menu components from lunch menus were determined with ICP-AES. Then the analysed values were compared with calculated values ...
Reimann C - - 1999
Groundwater samples from 15 boreholes in crystalline bedrock aquifers in South Norway (Oslo area) have been collected in parallel in five different clear plastic bottle types (high density polyethene [HDPE], polypropene [PP, two manufacturers], fluorinated ethene propene copolymer [FEP] and perfluoroalkoxy polymer [PFA]. In the cases of polyethene and polypropene, ...
Edwards H M HM - - 1999
Three zinc depletion-repletion assays were carried out with chicks to determine Zn bioavailability in five sources of ZnO, three sources of ZnSO4.H2O, and two sources of Zn metal. A standard 23% CP corn-soybean meal diet was fed during the first 3 d posthatching, after which it was replaced with a ...
Spahn S A - - 1999
Persistent contaminants in ecosystems are often monitored via organisms that bioaccumulate the pollutant of interest. Several published studies have used colonial wading birds to assess contamination by heavy metals in aquatic ecosystems. Using a nonlethal sampling regimen, this study identified chick feathers and guano as tissues that best reflect local ...
Krełowska-Kułas M - - 1999
The aim of the work was to estimate the content of certain metals in goat's milk. The content of lead, cadmium, iron, copper, zinc, manganese and magnesium was determined using atomic absorption spectrometry. It was found that highly toxic elements [Pb, Cd] appeared in both raw and pasteurised goat's milk ...
van Alphen M - - 1999
A method for the determination of atmospheric heavy metal deposition rates has been developed using 0.5-m2 deposition trays at 0.1 m from the ground. Trays were spaced at 150-m intervals along a 1500-m line 500 m east of a Pb-Zn smelter. Ten sampling events of 1-3-h duration were conducted under ...
Christensen J M - - 1999
This study is a part of the Biological Risk Assessment of Human Metal Sensitisation (BRAHMS) project with the aim of elucidating clinical and physiological effects of repeated exposures to low concentrations of metal allergens. Nickel allergic individuals (n = 35) with hand eczema and healthy controls (n = 30) were ...
Moon C S - - 1999
The study was conducted to examine the validity of urinary cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in comparison with the metals in blood as a biological marker of non-occupational exposure of general populations. Participants in four survey sites in Korea (107 non-smoking Korean women aged 30-49 years) offered peripheral blood, morning ...
Thomas K W - - 1999
A National Human Exposure Assessment Survey (NHEXAS) field study was performed in U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region V, providing population-based exposure distribution data for selected elements in several personal, environmental, and biological media. Population distributions are reported for the 11 elements that were measured in water and dietary samples. ...
Bendell-Young L I - - 1999
The objective of this study was to determine if ingestion of grit was a source of metal exposure to the spruce grouse, Dendragapus canadensis. A secondary objective was to assess whether grit could provide a supplemental source of essential minerals to their diet. Ca, P, Mg, S, Zn, Cu, Ni, ...
Indeherberg M B - - 1999
Five populations of the planarian Polycelis tenuis, collected from four locations in a metal contaminated stream and from one location in an unpolluted tributary stream, were compared for their sensitivity to cadmium by measuring survival, reproduction, and body size changes during 28 days of exposure via the water. Survival data ...
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