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Pillay A E - - 2002
The study demonstrated that the mature dates we investigated were considered safe for human consumption. However, our findings revealed that much of the early fruit and leaves, which appeared at the advent of the fruiting season, possessed elevated levels of cadmium (Cd) that could accumulate in the food chain and ...
Avelar Artur Canella - - 2002
There has been increasing interest in the elemental composition of animal tissues to support health and nutritional studies. Determining the elemental concentration in cattle tissues is especially important because these materials are used for multipurpose objectives such as the assessment of animal health, the quality of human foods consumed, and ...
Scheifler R - - 2002
Juvenile Helix aspersa snails were exposed for 4 weeks to fresh rape leaves (Brassica napus), contaminated by simulating superficial deposits of increasing concentrations of cadmium (Cd). The Cd concentration in leaves was 0.1 in control and 38.4, 93.1, and 177.2 microg x g(-1) (dry mass) in Cd-treated food. The concentration ...
Scheifler R - - 2002
The transfer and the toxic effects of Cd were studied in an experimental food chain involving the snail Helix aspersa as prey organism and one of its natural predators, the carabid beetle Chrysocarabus splendens. Juvenile snails were fed plant-based food enriched with 0, 10, 50 and 100 microg g(-1) of ...
Biwer A - - 2002
Cyclodextrins (CD) are enzymatically modified starches with a wide range of applications in food, pharmaceutical and chemical industries, agriculture and environmental engineering. They are produced from starch via enzymatic conversion using cyclodextrin glycosyl transferases (CGTases) and partly alpha-amylases. Due to its low solubility in water, separation and purification of beta-CD ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2002
We measured the toxic metal cadmium (Cd) over a 13-year interval in lakes located near two metal smelters to determine whether reductions in atmospheric Cd emissions have led to reductions in the Cd present in aquatic food webs. Although Cd in the lake water consistently declined over time, Cd in ...
Haider Thomas - - 2002
Due to the decrease of lead intake via inhalation route, the oral route, particularly from drinking water in cities with lead installations, gains relative importance. In two surveys a total of 288 objects were investigated and 1768 samples were analysed. The first series with 51 objects using a field experimental ...
Murray-Gulde C L - - 2002
Laboratory studies of algicide toxicity to algal species provide information to improve the efficacy and efficiency of copper-containing algicides in actual field situations. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the influence of copper form, initial concentration, and duration of exposure on the response of Raphidocelis subcapitata, a ...
Carbonell-Barrachina A A - - 2002
The Spaniard legislation sets up maximum levels for total arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) in confectionery products at 0.1 and 5.0 microg g(-)(1), respectively. Concentrations of these two trace elements were determined in four confectionery products: chewing gum, two licorice items, and soft candy. The effects of raw materials quality ...
Mouneyrac C - - 2002
The induction of metallothionein-like proteins (MTLP) as biomarkers of trace metal pollution has been investigated in the talitrid amphipod Orchestia gammarellus, an established biomonitor of trace metal availabilities in coastal areas. Sensitivity to metal exposure, MTLP and copper and zinc concentrations have been examined in amphipods from a metal-contaminated site ...
Santos D D - - 2002
A simple method combining slurry sampling after cryogenic grinding and the use of a permanent modification of the integrated platform inside the transversely heated graphite atomizer (THGA) was proposed for the determination of Cd and Pb in foods. Potentialities of the cryogenic grinding were evaluated for grinding different materials of ...
Fang Guor-Cheng - - 2002
Suspended particulate concentrations were measured at the Tzu Yun Yen temple in the Taichung region of Taiwan. The temple performs traditional incense burning. A universal sampler and a micro-orifice uniform deposited impactor (MOUDI) sampler with a dry deposition plate were used to measure the particulate concentrations. The results show that ...
Rojas de Astudillo L - - 2002
Heavy metal concentrations were monitored in edible soft tissues of shellfish from Trinidad and Venezuela. Oysters (Crassostrea sp.) and the green mussel (Perna viridis), which is a recently transplanted species to the Caribbean from the Far East, were collected at six locations in Venezuela and five in Trinidad, the latter ...
Milton A - - 2002
Concentrations of zinc in mine waste, vegetation, invertebrate and small mammals from abandoned mines and a modern mine site have been determined in order to assess and compare environmental risk. Very high concentrations of zinc in mine waste from all sites were reflected in vegetation zinc levels but not in ...
Kavun V Ya - - 2002
Concentrations of cadmium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickel and zinc were investigated in two species of mussel from the Kuril Islands in the north-western Pacific Ocean: the short-lived mussel Mytilus trossulus and the much larger and longer-lived Crenomytilus grayanus. The concentrations of most elements were low, and these reported levels ...
Fecher Peter - - 2002
Common white sugar was ashed in a muffle furnace under controlled heating at 450 degrees C. Together with these samples, sugar with added amounts of Pb and Cd (20, 50 micro g) was mineralized in the same furnace. Depending on the absolute amount of Pb and Cd present in the ...
Alberti-Fidanza Adalberta - - 2002
The content and intake of some trace elements (Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg, Cr) in meals, consumed by students attending the Faculty Cafeteria, were assessed. The study was carried out over 6 days of the 2nd week of February, 1993 and in three consecutive days of the second week of May. ...
Grinshpun Sergey A - - 2002
The effectiveness of procedures used for the final indoor cleaning after active lead-based paint abatement were evaluated in a 830 ft3 test chamber. Dry and wet scraping and dry machine sanding were applied to wooden doors obtained from lead-hazard control sites. The airborne particle concentration and size distribution were monitored ...
Blackmore Graham - - 2002
Cadmium and zinc uptake from the dissolved phase, assimilation efficiency from the dietary phase, efflux rate constants, and body burden as well as clearance rate were measured in the green mussel Perna viridis with or without laboratory preexposure to Cd or Zn. Efflux rate constants and clearance rates were little ...
Drobne Damjana - - 2002
Terrestrial isopods Porcellio scaber (Crustacea) were fed for five weeks on food contaminated by 250, 500, or 1,000 microg of Cd/g or for 10 d on diets with 50 or 250 microg Cd/g food. In both experiments, fecal production rate and colony forming units (CFUs) in the guts were determined. ...
Swaileh Khalid - - 2002
Metal accumulation by juvenile landsnails, Helix engaddensis, and its effect on growth rate was studied over a 5-week period of exposure and 2 weeks of recovery. An artificial food contaminated with Cu (4-2500 microg x g(-1)), Cd (50-800 microg x g(-1)), Pb, and Zn (20-12500 microg x g(-1)) was used. ...
Werner E - - 2002
This study is aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of stable isotopes for the assessment of reliable data on fractional intestinal absorption of trace metals in healthy humans. Among the various methods available, the double isotope technique, i.e. one isotope given orally together with the test substance to be investigated and ...
Pandey Vivek - - 2002
Abstract. Lichen samples collected in and around Hetauda Industrial area, (HIA) Narayani zone, Makwanpur district, Nepal, were analyzed for Cr, Ni, Pb, Zn, Ca, Mn, Fe, Si, and Al. The samples from the location inside the industrial area have higher levels of metal than the outside areas. Pyxine meissnerina growing ...
Solberg Cathrine Børufsen - - 2002
Samples of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), saithe (Pollacius virens), blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) and sediment were collected from six different fish farms. Five of the farms used net pens treated with copper-containing coatings, whereas one farm did not use copper-containing coating (this was used as a ...
Rahil-Khazen Reem - - 2002
Autopsy tissue samples from the brain front lobe, cerebellum, heart, kidney (cortex and medulla), liver, pancreas, spleen and ovary were analysed for AL, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, Sr and Zn in 30 (17 women and 13 men) subjects ranging in age from 17 ...
Białońska Dobrosława - - 2002
Cadmium is well known for its toxicity to the animal body. However, its effect on pregnancy and the development of young animals is still not well understood. This study examined such effects, using bank voles captured from the wild to make the results closer to those which could be expected ...
Boonyapookana Benjaporn - - 2002
The phytoaccumulation and phytotoxicity of heavy metals, cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr) on a common duckweed, Wolffia globosa, were studied. W. globosa were cultured in 3% Hoagland's nutrient medium, which was supplemented with 1, 2, 4, and 8 mg/L of Cd and Cr and were separately harvested after 3, 6, ...
Schümann Klaus - - 2002
Organic solvents, detergents, organochloric compounds, pesticides, mycotoxins, residues of veterinary drugs and metals are examples for food contaminants; they are usually present at very low concentrations. Their impact on absorption and distribution kinetics of essential trace metals, if there is any, can be mediated by three types of mechanisms: 1. ...
Paul Ranjan Rashmi - - 2002
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a potential precancerous condition of the oral cavity and oropharynx. The etiopathogenesis of this complex precancerous condition is still obscure. In addition to deleterious oral habits, malnutrition, and possible genetic predisposition, altered bioelemental status is also likely to play an important role in its pathogenesis. ...
Pokorny Bostjan - - 2002
The seasonal variability of Hg, Pb, Cd and Zn was determined in the kidney of 164 roe deer, shot in three areas of Slovenia in 1998. We found a strong seasonal influence on Hg and Pb levels, which were significantly higher in late summer and early autumn. Cd and Zn ...
Larsen E H - - 2002
The content of cadmium, lead, nickel, mercury and selenium in 83 foods was monitored from 1993 to 1997. In comparison with similar results from 1988 to 1992, a general decrease in lead levels had occurred, whereas the contents of cadmium, nickel, mercury and selenium were stable or declined only slightly. ...
Van Hullebusch Eric - - 2002
The appearance of cyanobacteria ( > 10 colony per ml) was not prevented after alum treatment. In order to prevent cyanobacteria efflorescences in a small shallow polymictic lake (Courtille, France), copper sulfate was applied. Treatment level was 63 microg 1(-1) as Cu2+ from CUSO4, 5 H2O. Cyanobacteria were kept under ...
Shimbo S - - 2001
Cereals, especially rice, are a major source of cadmium (Cd) intake for general Japanese populations. In 1998-2000, rice (polished), bread (loaf), noodle and (wheat) flour samples (4113 samples in total) were collected in 63 cities all over Japan, and analyzed for Cd by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Another pollutant element ...
Keteles K A - - 2001
Depuration through ecdysis by grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, was examined by exposure to a sublethal mixture of copper, zinc and cadmium for 72 h, followed by placement in uncontaminated water to molt. Percent eliminated with the exuviae varied for each metal; of the total intermolt body burden, 11% Cu, 18% ...
Silva C A - - 2001
The oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae was collected in September 1997 from 10 stations along the Potengi estuary, Natal, Brazil, a mangrove-lined estuary receiving anthropogenic inputs of trace metals. C. rhizophorae is a net accumulator of trace metals and can be used as a biomonitor, the accumulated soft tissue concentrations representing integrated ...
McPherson R - - 2001
The Blue Swimmer Crab (Portunus pelagicus) accumulates only cadmium in the hepatopancreas after being presented elevated levels of the metals Cd, Cu, Zn, As, Fe and Al via a food source, the mussel Trychomya hirsuta. Over 8 weeks, crabs were fed a controlled diet to determine the accumulation of metals. ...
Kádár E - - 2001
This study examined the effect of aluminium (Al) on the filtering behaviour (shell opening or gape) of the freshwater bivalve Anodonta cygnea L in neutral fresh water. Parallel measurements of Al concentration in the soft tissues were made to examine the relationship between changes in behaviour and accumulation of Al. ...
Frodello J P - - 2001
The cadmium, lead, copper, and zinc levels were measured in six organs (lung, liver, kidney, skin, muscle, and bone) from 18 specimens of toothed whales, belonging to five species, found stranded along the Corsican coast between November 1993 and December 1998. The five species examined were the bottlenose dolphin Tursiops ...
Taylor H E - - 2001
Two sampling trips were undertaken in 1994 to determine the distribution of trace elements in the Upper Rio Grande and several of its tributaries. Water discharges decreased in the main stem of the Rio Grande from June to September, whereas dissolved concentrations of trace elements generally increased. This is attributed ...
González M M - - 2001
A slurry electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric technique was used to determine Ni and Cr in wheat flour and its by-products. Slurries (3%, w/v) were prepared in a mixture of 15% HNO3-10% H2O2 as suspended medium. Differences in Ni and Cr contents due to origin and texture of the wheat and ...
Norton M L - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine if application of the biological pesticide Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (B.t.k.) had secondary effects on spruce grouse (Dendragapus canadensis) chicks in the southern boreal forest of Ontario, Canada. B.t.k. kills larvae of Lepidoptera that might otherwise be food. This may affect types of ...
Rattanasak U - - 2001
This investigation was set and aimed to study the possibility of using spent catalyst as a concrete constituent which the spent catalyst was used as sand. Besides the spent catalyst was used as sand, it was also ground to very small particle size as small as that of cement and ...
Al-Saleh I - - 2001
In an attempt to know whether highly consumed food might contribute to metal exposure, we analyzed cadmium, lead, and mercury in 27 rice grain samples commonly consumed in Saudi Arabia by atomic absorption spectrometry after acid digestion. The mean concentrations and ranges of cadmium, lead, and mercury in tested rice ...
Roy S - - 2001
Lead isotope ratios and Zn, Pb, Cu, Cd, Sb and Rb contents were measured in samples of rainwater collected over a period of 15 months from the Massif Central (France). Each sample, collected automatically at monthly intervals, represents a series of rainfall events. Rainwater chemistry was interpreted in terms of ...
Freeman N C - - 2001
This study evaluates the relationship of children's hygiene habits and food-handling behaviors on lead levels on hands and handled foods for toddlers living in lead-contaminated homes. Forty-eight inner city toddlers previously identified as having elevated blood lead levels participated in three consecutive days of designated food-handling activities. During the visits, ...
Cubadda F - - 2001
Sample contamination as a consequence of abrasion of grinding tools during the homogenization of food materials to be analysed for trace elements was addressed. The possible release of 15 trace elements (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, Sn, V, Zn) from six different grinding ...
Mielke H W - - 2001
Power sanding exterior paint is a common practice during repainting of old houses in New Orleans, Louisiana, that triggers lead poisoning and releases more than Pb. In this study we quantified the Pb, zinc, cadmium, manganese, nickel, copper, cobalt, chromium, and vanadium in exterior paint samples collected from New Orleans ...
Pang Y - - 2001
Four-day composite solid food and beverage duplicate plates and 1-L samples of drinking water were collected from a stratified random sample of 80 individuals as part of the National Human Exposure Assessment Survey in Maryland. The media were obtained from each participant in up to six equally spaced sampling cycles ...
Puklová V - - 2001
The estimation of the copper saturation pathways of the Czech urban population is presented. The data on copper concentrations proceed from the System of monitoring the environmental impact on population health in the Czech Republic in the period 1994-1998. The copper concentrations were monitored in foodstuffs from the commercial network, ...
Leung K M - - 2001
Dogwhelks Nucella lapillus feed mainly on mussels and barnacles, and may experience periods of starvation. We report effects of nutritional state and prey type on the survival, growth, cadmium (Cd) accumulation, metallothionein (MT) induction and glycogen stores in N. lapillus exposed to Cd in water. Adult dogwhelks, with similar shell ...
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