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Mateos Carmen José - - 2003
Chromium (Cr) is an essential element, but the content of this element in many foodstuffs, including breakfast cereals, is still unknown. For this reason, the Cr content in different types of commercially available breakfast cereals in Spain (n = 36) was determined by GFAAS following acid mineralization using HNO(3)-H(2)SO(4)-HClO(4). On ...
Prego R - - 2003
The 18 Galician Rias, comprising 25% of the Iberian Peninsula coastline, form a unique system within the European continental Atlantic coast and provide a useful reference area for studies of metals. These rias are sensitive to anthropogenic influence due to the socioeconomic importance generated in these areas by industry, aquaculture, ...
Monaci Fabrizio - - 2003
The concentrations of 21 elements (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Si, Sr, Ti, V and Zn) were determined in wine samples of the very popular Italian Chianti Classico appellation, vintage 1997. Concentrations of most elements in Chianti Classico wines ...
Monteiro-Neto Cassiano - - 2003
Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) concentrations on liver and kidney of Sotalia fluviatilis (Cetacea: Delphinidae) stranded in the coast of Ceará, Brazil, were studied from 1996 to 1999. Pb levels were usually lower than the detection limit (0.1 microg/g). Concentrations of Cd were significantly higher in kidney than ...
Matloob M H - - 2003
Trace element concentrations in khat were investigated as they can disturb trace element levels in the body. Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) levels in khat and 6 leafy vegetables commonly consumed in the Republic of Yemen were determined by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry after wet ...
Kramarz Paulina - - 2003
The beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua) were fed on artificial food contaminated with zinc (200 mg kg(-1) dry mass) or cadmium (66 mg kg(-1) dry mass) for 15 generations. In 15th generation, O2 output and CO2 production of pupae were measured. Exposure to cadmium did not cause any effects whilst exposure ...
Lozano Gonzalo - - 2003
Lead and cadmium levels of some species of brown-algae (Phaeophyta) from the mesolittoral (intertidal area) of the Island of Tenerife (central-eastern Atlantic) were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. The quality control was carried out using a standard "CRM 279 Ulva lactuca". The mean, minimum and maximum concentrations were 11.21, 2.090 ...
Hamza-Chaffai A - - 2003
Metallothioneins (MTs), malonedialdehyde (MDA), and glycogen concentrations were determined in order to assess the health status of Ruditapes decussatus exposed to in situ contamination, showing the effects of time, site, and metal contamination on these three biomarkers. Metallothionein was positively correlated with Cd and Zn. If introduced in a multiple ...
Barata Carlos - - 2002
Knowledge of the transport pathways of metals into aquatic organisms is paramount in determining the metal's potential mechanism of toxicity. To determine the relative importance of water and food as cadmium (Cd) sources for the cladoceran Daphnia magna grazing on the algae Chlorella vulgaris, we measured cadmium accumulation and toxicity ...
Grace N D - - 2002
The first deer farms were established in New Zealand about 30 years ago. Extensive studies on trace elements in sheep and cattle have resulted in clarification of the requirements of those species and the development of protocols to diagnose and prevent deficiencies. In contrast, there have been very few studies ...
Swansburg Erin O - - 2002
The effect of metal enrichment on chironomid communities was examined in streams receiving mine drainage from metal mining operations in New Brunswick, Canada. At five sites receiving mine drainage, metal concentrations were significantly (p < 0.05) elevated in water (Zn), periphyton (Cd, Co, Cu, and Zn), and chironomid tissue (Cu, ...
Mourgaud Yohan - - 2002
Mussels were translocated from a shell-fish breeding area (Sète, on the French Mediterranean coast) to sites exposed to trace element inputs in April 2000. They were recovered 3 months later. Whole soft tissues from all of the sites (n = 97) were analysed for arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, ...
Chale F M M - - 2002
Trace metal (Cu, Pb, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd) concentrations were determined in water, sediments, various fin fish species and a bivalve (Mutela spekei) from Lake Tanganyika using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Integrated water samples to depths of 10 m were collected using a pre-rinsed flexible plastic pipe. Sediment samples were ...
Forster Markus Paul - - 2002
The concentrations of Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mn were determined in banana cultivars Gran enana and Pequeña enana cultivated in Tenerife and in cv. Gran enana bananas from Ecuador. The mineral concentrations in the bananas from Tenerife and from Ecuador were clearly different. The cultivar did ...
Berg T - - 2002
Environmental contaminants such as trace elements may be present in all foods. Foods, raw materials and ingredients for food production are to an increasing extent traded across borders. Hence, there is a need for international legislation on trace elements as contaminants in food. In 1961, the FAO and WHO established ...
Skibniewska K A - - 2002
Daily intakes of iron (Fe), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and manganese (Mn) from whole-day food rations composed by dieticians and collected in hospital canteens in Krakow, Lodz, Olsztyn and Poznan, Poland, in the winters of 1993/94, 1995 and 1996, were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The average intake of Fe, ...
Fairweather-Tait S J - - 2002
The bioavailability (utilization) of trace elements is very variable, depending on the characteristics of the element itself, composition of the diet, gastrointestinal conditions and other physiological factors. To derive dietary recommendations and make use of emerging information on diet-gene interactions relating to nutritional requirements for trace elements, methods for assessing ...
Karavoltsos S - - 2002
Determinations of the cadmium content of a wide variety of foodstuffs from the Greek market were carried out. The values detected ranged from <0.1 ng x g(-1) in alcoholic beverages to 1595.8 ng x g(-1) in large snails. The highest values were observed in molluscs and crustaceans (117.4 ng x ...
Boisson Florence - - 2002
A radiotracer technique using 210Pb was applied to quantify the transfer and distribution of lead in the asteroid Asterias rubens following a single ingestion of radio-labelled mussels under controlled laboratory conditions. Approximately 50% of the 210Pb accumulated by mussels in their soft tissues from seawater was transferred to the asteroid ...
Bora Taner - - 2002
Ten elements, aluminum (Al), barium (Ba), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) were analyzed in 44 illicit heroin samples from Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. Illicit heroin samples were dissolved in nitric acid using microwave oven and were quantified by electrothermal ...
Wang Zujian - - 2002
The labile concentration and toxicity of Cu as influenced by alkalinity and different concentrations of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and naturally derived fulvic acid (FA) were determined by bioassays carried out in the culture media for Daphnia magna (D. magna). The labile concentration of Cu was obtained by differential pulse anodic ...
Zaichick Vladimir - - 2002
The control of food quality, using the analysis of essential and toxic element contents, assumes an urgent importance within the regions that suffered from the Chernobyl disaster. Instrumental neutron activation analysis was used to study contents of 17 chemical elements (calcium, chlorine, cobalt, chromium, cesium, iron, mercury, potassium, magnesium, manganese, ...
Sun Chee-Ching - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine percutaneous absorption of lead compounds, including lead sulfate, lead oxide, lead powder, and lead stearate. The lead content on the skin surface of 10 lead-battery workers was measured by the method of skin stripping, and urinary lead content of rats was measured ...
Göthberg Agneta - - 2002
The aquatic plant water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica), either wild or cultivated, is found throughout Southeast Asia and is a widely consumed vegetable in the region. Many of the waters where I. aquatica grows serve as recipients for domestic and other types of wastewater. Because these waters contain not only nutrients, ...
Pillay A E - - 2002
The study demonstrated that the mature dates we investigated were considered safe for human consumption. However, our findings revealed that much of the early fruit and leaves, which appeared at the advent of the fruiting season, possessed elevated levels of cadmium (Cd) that could accumulate in the food chain and ...
Avelar Artur Canella - - 2002
There has been increasing interest in the elemental composition of animal tissues to support health and nutritional studies. Determining the elemental concentration in cattle tissues is especially important because these materials are used for multipurpose objectives such as the assessment of animal health, the quality of human foods consumed, and ...
Scheifler R - - 2002
Juvenile Helix aspersa snails were exposed for 4 weeks to fresh rape leaves (Brassica napus), contaminated by simulating superficial deposits of increasing concentrations of cadmium (Cd). The Cd concentration in leaves was 0.1 in control and 38.4, 93.1, and 177.2 microg x g(-1) (dry mass) in Cd-treated food. The concentration ...
Scheifler R - - 2002
The transfer and the toxic effects of Cd were studied in an experimental food chain involving the snail Helix aspersa as prey organism and one of its natural predators, the carabid beetle Chrysocarabus splendens. Juvenile snails were fed plant-based food enriched with 0, 10, 50 and 100 microg g(-1) of ...
Biwer A - - 2002
Cyclodextrins (CD) are enzymatically modified starches with a wide range of applications in food, pharmaceutical and chemical industries, agriculture and environmental engineering. They are produced from starch via enzymatic conversion using cyclodextrin glycosyl transferases (CGTases) and partly alpha-amylases. Due to its low solubility in water, separation and purification of beta-CD ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2002
We measured the toxic metal cadmium (Cd) over a 13-year interval in lakes located near two metal smelters to determine whether reductions in atmospheric Cd emissions have led to reductions in the Cd present in aquatic food webs. Although Cd in the lake water consistently declined over time, Cd in ...
Haider Thomas - - 2002
Due to the decrease of lead intake via inhalation route, the oral route, particularly from drinking water in cities with lead installations, gains relative importance. In two surveys a total of 288 objects were investigated and 1768 samples were analysed. The first series with 51 objects using a field experimental ...
Murray-Gulde C L - - 2002
Laboratory studies of algicide toxicity to algal species provide information to improve the efficacy and efficiency of copper-containing algicides in actual field situations. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the influence of copper form, initial concentration, and duration of exposure on the response of Raphidocelis subcapitata, a ...
Carbonell-Barrachina A A - - 2002
The Spaniard legislation sets up maximum levels for total arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) in confectionery products at 0.1 and 5.0 microg g(-)(1), respectively. Concentrations of these two trace elements were determined in four confectionery products: chewing gum, two licorice items, and soft candy. The effects of raw materials quality ...
Mouneyrac C - - 2002
The induction of metallothionein-like proteins (MTLP) as biomarkers of trace metal pollution has been investigated in the talitrid amphipod Orchestia gammarellus, an established biomonitor of trace metal availabilities in coastal areas. Sensitivity to metal exposure, MTLP and copper and zinc concentrations have been examined in amphipods from a metal-contaminated site ...
Santos D D - - 2002
A simple method combining slurry sampling after cryogenic grinding and the use of a permanent modification of the integrated platform inside the transversely heated graphite atomizer (THGA) was proposed for the determination of Cd and Pb in foods. Potentialities of the cryogenic grinding were evaluated for grinding different materials of ...
Fang Guor-Cheng - - 2002
Suspended particulate concentrations were measured at the Tzu Yun Yen temple in the Taichung region of Taiwan. The temple performs traditional incense burning. A universal sampler and a micro-orifice uniform deposited impactor (MOUDI) sampler with a dry deposition plate were used to measure the particulate concentrations. The results show that ...
Rojas de Astudillo L - - 2002
Heavy metal concentrations were monitored in edible soft tissues of shellfish from Trinidad and Venezuela. Oysters (Crassostrea sp.) and the green mussel (Perna viridis), which is a recently transplanted species to the Caribbean from the Far East, were collected at six locations in Venezuela and five in Trinidad, the latter ...
Milton A - - 2002
Concentrations of zinc in mine waste, vegetation, invertebrate and small mammals from abandoned mines and a modern mine site have been determined in order to assess and compare environmental risk. Very high concentrations of zinc in mine waste from all sites were reflected in vegetation zinc levels but not in ...
Kavun V Ya - - 2002
Concentrations of cadmium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickel and zinc were investigated in two species of mussel from the Kuril Islands in the north-western Pacific Ocean: the short-lived mussel Mytilus trossulus and the much larger and longer-lived Crenomytilus grayanus. The concentrations of most elements were low, and these reported levels ...
Fecher Peter - - 2002
Common white sugar was ashed in a muffle furnace under controlled heating at 450 degrees C. Together with these samples, sugar with added amounts of Pb and Cd (20, 50 micro g) was mineralized in the same furnace. Depending on the absolute amount of Pb and Cd present in the ...
Alberti-Fidanza Adalberta - - 2002
The content and intake of some trace elements (Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg, Cr) in meals, consumed by students attending the Faculty Cafeteria, were assessed. The study was carried out over 6 days of the 2nd week of February, 1993 and in three consecutive days of the second week of May. ...
Grinshpun Sergey A - - 2002
The effectiveness of procedures used for the final indoor cleaning after active lead-based paint abatement were evaluated in a 830 ft3 test chamber. Dry and wet scraping and dry machine sanding were applied to wooden doors obtained from lead-hazard control sites. The airborne particle concentration and size distribution were monitored ...
Blackmore Graham - - 2002
Cadmium and zinc uptake from the dissolved phase, assimilation efficiency from the dietary phase, efflux rate constants, and body burden as well as clearance rate were measured in the green mussel Perna viridis with or without laboratory preexposure to Cd or Zn. Efflux rate constants and clearance rates were little ...
Drobne Damjana - - 2002
Terrestrial isopods Porcellio scaber (Crustacea) were fed for five weeks on food contaminated by 250, 500, or 1,000 microg of Cd/g or for 10 d on diets with 50 or 250 microg Cd/g food. In both experiments, fecal production rate and colony forming units (CFUs) in the guts were determined. ...
Swaileh Khalid - - 2002
Metal accumulation by juvenile landsnails, Helix engaddensis, and its effect on growth rate was studied over a 5-week period of exposure and 2 weeks of recovery. An artificial food contaminated with Cu (4-2500 microg x g(-1)), Cd (50-800 microg x g(-1)), Pb, and Zn (20-12500 microg x g(-1)) was used. ...
Werner E - - 2002
This study is aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of stable isotopes for the assessment of reliable data on fractional intestinal absorption of trace metals in healthy humans. Among the various methods available, the double isotope technique, i.e. one isotope given orally together with the test substance to be investigated and ...
Pandey Vivek - - 2002
Abstract. Lichen samples collected in and around Hetauda Industrial area, (HIA) Narayani zone, Makwanpur district, Nepal, were analyzed for Cr, Ni, Pb, Zn, Ca, Mn, Fe, Si, and Al. The samples from the location inside the industrial area have higher levels of metal than the outside areas. Pyxine meissnerina growing ...
Solberg Cathrine Børufsen - - 2002
Samples of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), saithe (Pollacius virens), blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) and sediment were collected from six different fish farms. Five of the farms used net pens treated with copper-containing coatings, whereas one farm did not use copper-containing coating (this was used as a ...
Rahil-Khazen Reem - - 2002
Autopsy tissue samples from the brain front lobe, cerebellum, heart, kidney (cortex and medulla), liver, pancreas, spleen and ovary were analysed for AL, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, Sr and Zn in 30 (17 women and 13 men) subjects ranging in age from 17 ...
Białońska Dobrosława - - 2002
Cadmium is well known for its toxicity to the animal body. However, its effect on pregnancy and the development of young animals is still not well understood. This study examined such effects, using bank voles captured from the wild to make the results closer to those which could be expected ...
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