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Results 601 - 650 of 1161
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Upreti R K RK Biomembrane Division, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow, - - 2004
The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is exposed to various environmental pollutants including metals, that contaminate food and water which may have toxic effects on body. GIT has large amount of microbes that live in symbiosis and help the host in different ways. The resident gut microflora have a significant role to ...
Meinel Aden Baker - - 2004
Extremely large telescopes are currently under consideration by several groups in several countries. Extrapolation of current technology up to 30 m indicates a cost of over dollars 1 billion. Innovative concepts are being explored to find significant cost reductions. We explore the concept of an Optical Phased Array (OPA) telescope. ...
Cubadda Francesco - - 2004
Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has definitely emerged as a powerful technique for total element determination and as a sensitive and selective detector in hyphenated methods for speciation analyses of elements in foods. In this review, the analytical challenges of elemental analysis of food and agricultural matrixes are discussed and ...
Liao Chung-Min - - 2004
Dietary and nondietary accumulation of waterborne zinc (Zn) by shell of abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta was studied to determine if abalone shell can accumulate and eliminate Zn biokinetically. Shell of H. diversicolor supertexta rapidly accumulated Zn at microgram per gram concentrations during a 7-d uptake period for dietary and nondietary ...
Szpetnar Maria - - 2004
The effect of bioflavonoids on the Mg, Ca, Cu and Zn concentration in rats' skin intoxicated with heavy metals Pb or Cd. The animals were divided at random into nine groups, each of 6 rats. Group I obtained in drinking water the solution of plumbum nitrate, Pb(NO3)2 in concentration of ...
Boguszewska Anna - - 2004
Heavy metals are too well-known environmental pollutants of particularly dangerous effect to human health. Because of their wide usage in many industrial branches they are present everywhere in the air, water and soils. Food contamination by heavy elements is hard to avoid and it is a result of environmental contamination ...
Johansen P - - 2004
We assess lead contamination of Greenland seabirds killed with lead shot having studied thick-billed murre and common eider, the two most important species in the diet. The lead concentration is very high in meat of eiders killed with lead shot (mean 6.1 microg/g-wet wt, 95% CL 2.1-12). This level is ...
Breuer E - - 2004
The exploration and production of North Sea oil and gas reserves has resulted in the accumulation of large quantities of drill cuttings on the seabed surrounding drill sites. This complex mixture of man-made and natural substances contains higher concentrations of certain metals (Ba, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) and ...
Jin Andrew - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Disturbed by reports of high concentrations of cadmium in large land mammals in Arctic Canada, community members wondered if they should eat less moose (Alces alces). STUDY DESIGN: Risk assessment modelling. METHODS: We measured cadmium concentrations in moose tissues donated by food hunters. As a conservative assumption, we took ...
Schmitt Christopher J - - 2004
Fish were collected in late 1995 from 34 National Contaminant Biomonitoring Program (NCBP) stations and 12 National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) stations in the Mississippi River basin (MRB), and in late 1996 from a reference site in West Virginia. The NCBP sites represented key points (dams, tributaries, etc.) in ...
Marcal Wilmar Sachetin - - 2003
Lead concentrations was measured in samples of mineral mixtures used in beef cattle feed in the states of Sao Paulo, Paraná, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Lead content was determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. Of the 60 analyzed samples, 21 had values greater than ...
Rush Elaine - - 2003
The analysis of recently grown hair for zinc provides a biomarker of recent zinc status. Seasonal variation of zinc in hair has been demonstrated in children. The aim of this study was to investigate whether on a month-by- month basis there is a seasonal variation in hair zinc concentration in ...
Boisson F - - 2003
The relative importance of dissolved and food pathways and the influence of food type in the bioaccumulation and retention of lead in the shrimp Palaemonetes varians were examined using a radiotracer method. Shrimp were exposed to 210Pb-labelled seawater or fed two types of 210Pb-labelled food, viz. mussels or worms. The ...
Das Shamik - - 2003
The freshwater bivalve, L. marginalis was experimentally exposed to 10 and 30 ppm concentrations of CdCl2 to examine filtration rate, oxygen uptake and glycogen level of liver and gills for health assessment for their reuse in the reclamation of cadmium intoxicated environments. In situ experiment was also performed for better ...
Hur Jin - - 2003
Quantification of the copper content of and copper leaching from a disc brake wear debris sample was performed using microwave-assisted acid digestion, the Federal Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), and the State of California Waste Extraction Test (WET). The brake wear debris tested was a composite sample obtained from a ...
Goldhaber Susan B - - 2003
Risk assessment of essential trace elements examines high intakes resulting in toxicity and low intakes resulting in nutritional deficiencies. This paper analyzes the risk assessments carried out by several U.S. governmental and private organizations for eight essential trace elements: chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, and zinc. The compatibility ...
Erzen Ivan - - 2003
AIM: To determine cadmium content in the most frequently consumed foods of plant origin grown in different regions of Slovenia, assess cadmium content in the biological materials (blood and hair) from Slovenian young men, and verify the hypothesis that the cadmium pollution of the environment varies across regions in Slovenia. ...
Bustamante P - - 2003
New information on the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Hg and Zn in the liver, kidney and muscles of eight marine benthic and pelagic sub-Antarctic fish species are presented to determine the importance of these metals in the marine systems of the Kerguelen Islands. Compared to the reported metal concentrations in ...
Rajendran P - - 2003
Heavy metal contamination due to natural and anthropogenic sources is a global environmental concern. Release of heavy metal without proper treatment poses a significant threat to public health because of its persistence, biomagnification and accumulation in food chain. Non-biodegradability and sludge production are the two major constraints of metal treatment. ...
Van Metre P C - - 2003
Rooftops are both a source of and a pathway for contaminated runoff in urban environments. To investigate the importance of particle-associated contamination in rooftop runoff, particles washed from asphalt shingle and galvanized metal roofs at sites 12 and 102 m from a major expressway were analyzed for major and trace ...
Robson Mark - - 2003
Many factors affect bioavailability of metals. Host factors can be defined as any attribute that can influence the amount and degree of metal exposure. In this series of articles, a wide range of aspects are discussed concerning the methodologies for assessing exposures to metals. These aspects include speciation, bioaccessibility, and ...
Willbold M - - 2003
In this study we have validated a newly developed multi-element isotope dilution (ID) ICPMS method for the simultaneous analysis of up to 12 trace elements in geological samples. By evaluating the analytical uncertainty of individual components using certified reference materials we have quantified the overall analytical uncertainty of the multi-element ...
Dobrovoljc K - - 2003
The presence of metallothionein (MT) and the subcellular distribution of copper, zinc and cadmium were investigated in livers of two neotenic salamanders, Proteus anguinus and Necturus maculosus. In P. anguinus, caught in the wild, hepatic MTs were present as a single isoform of (Zn, Cu, Cd)-thioneins, whose molecular weight was ...
Tagliati Elena - - 2003
Analytical results are reported for the determination of heavy metals in environmental matrices, sampled in an ecosystem inside a protected area: the Park of the Po Delta, located near the thermoelectric power station ENEL of Porto Tolle, one of the greater in Italy. The elements determined, in sediments and superficial ...
Hendrickx Frederik - - 2003
Cd biomagnification in the terrestrial food chain appears to be dependent on the physiological properties of the organisms rather than on their trophic level. Although high Cd body burdens in spiders from the field have been reported many times, experimental verification of the key factors that determine the rate of ...
Sroor A - - 2003
Major and trace element in seven different kinds of milk powder were studied. The concentration of 24 elements were determined by ICP-OES method, from these elements 9 elements determined by INAA. The determination of trace element contents of foodstuffs, especially milk as daily drink for all peoples age which being ...
Fang Guor-Cheng - - 2003
Ambient suspended particulate concentrations were measured at Tzu Yun Yen temple (120 degrees, 34('), 10(") E; 24 degrees, 16('), 12(") N) in this study. This is representative of incense burning and semi-open sampling sites. The Universal-sampler collected fine and coarse particle material was used to measure suspended particulate concentrations, and ...
Real Montserrat - - 2003
The effect of copper (44 microg l(-1)) on a simple food chain was studied using indoor experimental channels to identify the changes in periphyton community (metabolism, chlorophyll a content, abundance, composition and lipid and protein content) and in herbivore (Stagnicola vulnerata) growth rate and reproduction. The algal community was sensitive ...
Anderson David L - - 2003
Radioisotopic X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (RXRFS) performed with an analyzer based on a 241Am excitation source was investigated as a potential field method for screening housewares for the presence of toxic elements. A compact system based on commercially available detection and multichannel analyzer components was used to measure surface concentrations of ...
Rai Awadhesh K - - 2003
We have demonstrated that a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) probe is suitable for measuring the concentration of minor constituents of a molten Al alloy in a laboratory furnace. For the first time to our knowledge we are able to record the LIBS spectra in several spectral regions of seven ...
Tsukahara Teruomi - - 2003
The objective of the present study is to examine whether rice is still a leading source of cadmium (Cd) burden among general populations in Japan. For this purpose, 10 prefectures were selected from all over Japan (including the northern- and southern-most Hokkaido and Okinawa prefecture, respectively). Cadmium levels in urine ...
Sloman K A - - 2003
The effects of five trace metals, copper, cadmium, nickel, zinc and lead (presented as soluble salts) on the ability of juvenile rainbow trout to form social relationships were investigated. Comparable concentrations of the five metals in relation to their acute 96 h LC50s (concentration at which population mortality=50% at 96 ...
Matsuda Kaori - - 2003
This study investigated the relationship between total cadmium intake and mortality among rural inhabitants of the Jinzu River Basin, Japan. A follow-up survey was conducted for 6,128 days on 3,236 inhabitants. The rural communities were divided into 2 groups, one with a total cadmium intake of < 2.0 gm and ...
Bo Tao - - 2003
The capillary electrophoretic (CE) behaviors of ten xanthones in the presence of beta-cyclodextrin (CD) are investigated, and apparent analyte-selector binding constants between beta-CD and the xanthones in the CE running buffer are calculated to elucidate the migration order. Also, the separation selectivity with beta-CD additive is compared with that of ...
Sukumar Athimoolam - - 2003
Trace elements are analyzed in the human scalp hair to assess the extent of body burden of pollution. The levels of seven elements (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) were determined in the hair of fishermen from Pondicherry, students and businessmen from Madras and non-mining workers from Neyveli ...
Fakayode Sayo O - - 2003
A total of 151 chicken eggs and 4 local chicken feeds purchased directly from the poultry farms, at the local markets, and along the roadsides of Ibadan, Nigeria, were analyzed for lead, cadmium, copper, iron, nickel, zinc, and cobalt by carbon graphite atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The authors found strong, positive ...
Skibniewska K A - - 2003
Daily intake of lead, cadmium, aluminium, radiocaesium, DDT and metabolites, and lindane in the whole-day food rations collected in hospital canteens in Kraków, Łódź, Olsztyn and Poznań in winters of 1993-1994, 1995 and 1996 were determined. The diets contained almost 40 microg of cadmium, corresponding to 70% of PTWI, and ...
Yusuf A A - - 2003
The levels of cadmium, copper and nickel in five different edible vegetables, Talinum triangulare, Celosia trigyna, Corchorus olitorus, Venomia amygydalina and Telfaria accidentalis, and the soils in which they were grown, from three industrial and three residential areas of Lagos City, Nigeria, were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results ...
Lundtorp K - - 2003
Air pollution control (APC) residues from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) are difficult to landfill due to substantial leaching of trace metals. An on-site pretreatment prior to landfilling of APC-residues was investigated in terms of bench-scale experiments with a semidry APC-residue and a fly ash. The treatment involved mixing of ...
Siddiqi Zia Mahmood - - 2003
Crystalline phases of Ti(IV) tungstosilicate and Ti(IV) tungstophosphate have been synthesised. The ion-exchange capacities of Ti(IV) tungstosilicate and Ti(IV) tungstophosphate have been reported as 0.44 and 0.80 mequiv./g, respectively. Both materials show monofunctional ion-exchange characteristic and are stable in 0.1 M solutions of HNO3, HCl, H2SO4 and acetone and benzene. ...
Kim Meehye - - 2003
The lead (Pb) contents of calcium (Ca) supplements available in Korea were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry using Zeeman background correction and peak area mode. All samples were microwave-digested in concentrated HNO(3). Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate and magnesium nitrate were used as matrix modifiers. Fifty-five brands of Ca supplements ...
Metcheva R - - 2003
Data on liver and body copper, zinc, lead, and cadmium content of small mammals (rodents and insectivorous) were collected and analyzed. Data comparisons were performed in two aspects: (1) points and years of monitoring; (2) monitor species bioaccumulations. Specific bioaccumulation features were observed in some of the monitor species. A ...
Eliades Theodore - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the nickel, chromium, and ferrous levels in a population of 17 orthodontic patients undergoing treatment, compared with seven untreated individuals, employing a novel methodological approach and a new analytical technique. Salivary samples obtained from patients before and after rinsing ...
Alberti-Fidanza A - - 2003
Daily intakes of certain trace elements (Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg, and Cr) were assessed using dietary history and weighed record methods and concurrent chemical analysis (CA) of duplicate portions, along with blood levels, in a group (21 M, 23 F) of inhabitants of the Gubbio area (Belvedere, Biscina, Scritto). The ...
Llobet J M - - 2003
This study was designed to estimate the dietary intake of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) by the general population of Catalonia, Spain. The concentrations of these elements were determined in food samples randomly acquired in seven cities of Catalonia between June and August 2000. A total ...
Mateos Carmen José - - 2003
Chromium (Cr) is an essential element, but the content of this element in many foodstuffs, including breakfast cereals, is still unknown. For this reason, the Cr content in different types of commercially available breakfast cereals in Spain (n = 36) was determined by GFAAS following acid mineralization using HNO(3)-H(2)SO(4)-HClO(4). On ...
Prego R - - 2003
The 18 Galician Rias, comprising 25% of the Iberian Peninsula coastline, form a unique system within the European continental Atlantic coast and provide a useful reference area for studies of metals. These rias are sensitive to anthropogenic influence due to the socioeconomic importance generated in these areas by industry, aquaculture, ...
Monaci Fabrizio - - 2003
The concentrations of 21 elements (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Si, Sr, Ti, V and Zn) were determined in wine samples of the very popular Italian Chianti Classico appellation, vintage 1997. Concentrations of most elements in Chianti Classico wines ...
Monteiro-Neto Cassiano - - 2003
Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) concentrations on liver and kidney of Sotalia fluviatilis (Cetacea: Delphinidae) stranded in the coast of Ceará, Brazil, were studied from 1996 to 1999. Pb levels were usually lower than the detection limit (0.1 microg/g). Concentrations of Cd were significantly higher in kidney than ...
Matloob M H - - 2003
Trace element concentrations in khat were investigated as they can disturb trace element levels in the body. Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) levels in khat and 6 leafy vegetables commonly consumed in the Republic of Yemen were determined by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry after wet ...
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