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Results 501 - 550 of 1142
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Leblanc Jean-Charles - - 2005
To estimate the dietary exposure of the main minerals and trace elements from retail food typically consumed by the French population, samples were purchased and then prepared and cooked prior to analysis. A total of 1080 individual food composites samples were collected and analysed for 18 elements (arsenic, lead, cadmium, ...
Zidar Primoz - - 2005
The objective of this study was to find out whether Porcellio scaber discriminates against Cd-contaminated food. The foraging behavior in animals offered uncontaminated and Cd-contaminated food simultaneously was quantified for 48-h employing computer-aided video tracking. To see whether the isopods' selection of less contaminated food could diminish the influence Cd ...
Metcheva R - - 2006
Concentrations of biogenic and toxic elements (Na, K, Mg, Ca, P, S, Fe, Cu, Zn, Co, Mn, Se, Ni, Sr, Al, Cd, Pb, As) were determined for the first time in feathers of gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) and chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) from Antarctica. A comparison of element levels was ...
Ivanković D - - 2005
A study was made of seasonal and spatial variability of metallothionein (MT) concentrations, determined spectrophotometrically in the soluble fraction of the digestive gland of mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, collected between 1999 and 2001 from several coastal and estuarine locations along the central Eastern Adriatic coast (Croatia). The seasonal influence on the ...
Zimmermann Sonja - - 2005
The uptake and bioaccumulation of the platinum group metals (PGM) platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), and rhodium (Rh) by the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) were investigated in exposure studies using ground material from unused automobile catalytic converters as metal source. The mussels were exposed to the metals in tap water or ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman O - - 2005
The proximate, mineral and heavy metals of raw and cooked crab meat, Portunus pelagicus, consumed in Bahrain were studied. The crab meat contains a good level of protein (17.5-18.8%), with very low proportion of fat (0.6-1.4%). The levels of sodium, potassium, calcium and phosphorus were found to be higher than ...
Bocio Ana - - 2005
The concentrations of arsenic (As), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), tin (Sn), thallium (Tl), and vanadium (V) were determined in a number of food items purchased in zones of Tarragona County (Catalonia, Spain) near a hazardous waste incinerator (HWI), which has ...
Seebaugh David R - - 2005
Previous studies have shown that metal partitioned to a subcellular compartment containing trophically available metal (TAM) is readily available to predators and may be enhanced by increased binding of metal to heat-stable proteins (HSP - e.g., metallothioneins). The aim of the current investigation was to determine the influence of TAM ...
Bennett James P - - 2005
The Point Reyes peninsula in northern California is about 45 km northwest of San Francisco and occasionally receives air masses from the city contributing to haze and lowered visibility. Although gaseous pollutants are not a problem, fine particulates containing carbon and other elements are measurable at the park. In this ...
Massadeh Adnan M - - 2005
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) concentrations in different cigarette brands sold and/or produced in Jordan were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS). Average levels of Cd and Pb in different cigarette brands in Jordan were 2.64 and 2.67 microg g(-1) (DW), respectively. The results obtained in this study ...
Hasselbach L - - 2005
Heavy metal escapement associated with ore trucks is known to occur along the DeLong Mountain Regional Transportation System (DMTS) haul road corridor in Cape Krusenstern National Monument, northwest Alaska. Heavy metal concentrations in Hylocomium splendens moss (n = 226) were used in geostatistical models to predict the extent and pattern ...
González-Miret Maria Lourdes - - 2005
The mineral content and color characteristics of 77 honey samples were analyzed. Eighteen minerals were quantified for each honey. Multiple linear regression (MLR) was used to establish equations relating the colorimetric CIELAB coordinates to the mineral data. The results obtained shown that lightness (L) was significantly correlated with S, Ca, ...
Welch Ross M - - 2005
A "whole-body" radioassay procedure was used to assess retention and absorption by rats of Zn in mature kernels of whole grain wheat harvested from 28 genotypes (Triticum spp.) grown in nutrient solution supplied with 2 microM ZnSO4 radiolabeled with 65Zn. Grain-Zn concentration differed among genotypes and ranged from 33 to ...
Bellis David J - - 2005
Bark included within the trunk of a 200-year-old Japanese cedar tree harvested in Yakushima Island, Japan, a World Natural Heritage Site located 150 km south of mainland Japan and 800 km east of Shanghai, China, was analysed for trace metals by ICP-MS providing a chronology of atmospheric pollution. The concentration ...
Baillieul Marc - - 2005
Daphnids were reared for 2 weeks in different concentrations of food or cadmium, and growth and reproduction were measured as endpoints. At the end of the 14-day experimental period, scope for growth (SFG) was measured and expressed per individual (mJ/ind/h=absolute SFG) and per mg dry weight (mJ/mg/h=mass-specific SFG). Both food ...
Chowdhury M J - - 2005
Rainbow trout were exposed to a sublethal concentration of waterborne Cd (0 or 3 microg/L) or dietary Cd (0 or 500 mg/kg dry wt) for 30 days to induce acclimation, and tissue Cd and metallothionein (MT) levels were examined. The greatest Cd concentrations were observed in the kidney followed by ...
Selvakumar N - - 2005
To evaluate Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining using variants of carbol-fuchsin solution, duplicate smears from 416 samples were stained with ZN, one set with 1% basic fuchsin and the other 0.3%. Another set of duplicate smears from 398 samples were stained with ZN, one with 1% basic fuchsin and the other 0.1%. ...
Howe Andrea - - 2005
The concentrations of 27 elements in Jamaican food categories consisting of fruit, legumes, leafy and root vegetables and other root crops are reported. The main analytical techniques used were neutron activation analysis and flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results are compared, where possible, with values from Denmark, ...
Lee Matthew R - - 2005
The effects of the disposal of copper mine tailings on the littoral meiofaunal assemblages of the Chañaral area of northern Chile were studied. Of the metals data collected, only in the case of copper was there a clear association with the tailings distribution in both the seawater and porewater samples, ...
Locatelli Clinio - - 2005
Voltammetric methods are very suitable, versatile and rapid techniques for simultaneous determination of metals in complex matrices. The present work, determination of Cu(II), Sn(II), Sb(III), Tl(I), and Pb(II) by square-wave anodic-stripping voltammetry and Cr(VI) by square-wave adsorptive-stripping voltammetry, is an interesting example of the possibility of simultaneous determination of each ...
Almli Bjørn - - 2005
Hepatic and renal concentrations of the elements arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, copper, lead, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, selenium and zinc were determined in samples collected from four crocodiles from the Kafue River, Kafue National Park and five crocodiles from the Luangwa River, Luangwa National Park, Zambia. The concentrations of the essential elements ...
Bjerregaard Poul - - 2005
The uptake and assimilation efficiency of cadmium administered via the food in the shore crab Carcinus maenas were investigated together with elimination kinetics and seasonal variations in cadmium content. The majority of shore crabs assimilated between 41 and 86% of the cadmium administered in their food. More than 90% of ...
Gholam Reza Jahed Khaniki
Zinc is an essential element for the maintenance of good health. It is necessary for the activity of several enzymes involved in energy changes and protein formation. Bread is one of the foods that have some zinc. Bread and other cereal products provide the most of calories and protein intakes ...
Vinot I - - 2005
This study concerns a chronic copper release in an aquatic ecosystem: Mirgenbach reservoir; which is characterized by high salinity, conductivity and hardness, a eutrophic state and a high temperature. To study the bioavailability of copper in the biotic compartments, the sampling covered the entire food chain (phyto- and zooplankton, macroalgae, ...
Mareci D - - 2005
Five non-precious Ni-Co based alloys were analyzed with respect to their corrosion behaviour. The correlation between the amount of the elements Cr, Mo, V and the corrosion behaviour, expressed by the PREN (pitting resistance equivalent number) index in the case of the allied steels, was extended for Ni-Cr and Co-Cr ...
Machiwa John F - - 2005
A study was conducted to assess the levels of pollutant metals in suspended particulate matter and Nile perch from Lake Victoria. The metals in particulate matter were determined to ascertain their concentrations at the base of the food chain. Nile perch samples were collected in September 2003 from five major ...
Ozcan Musa - - 2005
Major and minor mineral contents of young shoots, flower buds, caperberries (fruit), and seeds of Capparis ovata Desf. var. canescens (Coss.) Heywood, used as a pickling product in Turkey, were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. Twenty-one minerals were assayed in samples. All materials contained high amounts of ...
Kafi-Benyahia M - - 2005
An experimental on-site observatory of urban pollutant loads in combined sewers was created in the centre of Paris to quantify and characterise the dry and wet weather flow in relation to spatial scale. Eight rainfall events were studied from April 2003 to May 2004. Samples were analysed for suspended solids, ...
Wang Wen-Xiong - - 2005
We conducted a seasonal study of the uptake of Cd, Se(IV), and Zn by natural phytoplankton assemblages collected from two locations in Hong Kong coastal waters. Marine phytoplankton in Port Shelter was dominated by diatoms and cyanobacteria, while phytoplankton in Tolo Harbour was dominated by dinoflagellates. The natural phytoplankton assemblages ...
Anan Yasumi - - 2005
Concentrations of 13 trace elements (V, Mn, Cr, Co, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo, Ag, Cd, Hg, Tl and Pb) were determined in muscle of bony fishes collected from coastal areas of the Caspian Sea (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Iran). In all the fishes, Zn concentration was highest, followed by Cu, ...
De Schamphelaere K A C - - 2004
Regulatory assessments of metals in freshwaters are mostly based on dissolved metal concentrations, assuming that toxicity is caused by waterborne metal only. Little attention has been directed to the toxicity of dietary metals to freshwater invertebrates. In this study the chronic toxicity of dietary zinc to Daphnia magna was investigated. ...
Wilhelm Michael - - 2005
The dietary intake of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) was studied among young German children with different food consumption behaviour (consumption of own grown foodstuffs and of products from the supermarket). The study area comprised an industrialized and a rural area of West Germany. Dietary intake ...
Lomer Miranda C E - - 2004
Dietary microparticles are non-biological, bacterial-sized particles. Endogenous sources are derived from intestinal Ca and phosphate secretion. Exogenous sources are mainly titanium dioxide (TiO2) and mixed silicates (Psil); they are resistant to degradation and accumulate in human Peyer's patch macrophages and there is some evidence that they exacerbate inflammation in Crohn's ...
Morley N J - - 2004
The effect of cadmium exposure of the snail first intermediate host Lymnaea peregra on the incidence of encystment of Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) cercariae without emergence from the snail was investigated. Exposure to 100 microg l(-1) Cd for 72 h caused a significant increase in the incidence of first host ...
Guan Rui - - 2004
The uptake kinetics of Cd and Zn in a freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna after exposure to different concentrations of Cd for various durations was quantified. The accumulated Cd concentrations increased with ambient Cd concentration and exposure duration. As a detoxification mechanism, metallothioneins (MTs) were induced when the Cd preexposure condition ...
Rizvi Muhammad Afzal - - 2004
Some species of marine benthic algae belonging to the Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta collected from different coastal areas of Karachi (Pakistan) were investigated for their antibacterial, antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal activities. Brown seaweeds showed greater antibacterial activity than the green and red ones. Botryocladia leptopoda (J. Ag.) Kylin exhibited the ...
Bragigand V - - 2004
Oysters, as very popular food items in France, are subject to rules concerning the maximum acceptable contents of trace metals in foods. The food standards for the quantities of metals permitted are always based on total metal concentrations, and not on the metal concentrations that are potentially bioavailable to the ...
Bundy Jacob G - - 2004
Earthworms were taken across an environmental gradient of metal contamination for ecotoxicology assessment. Both indigenous (Lumbricus rubellus and L. terrestris) and introduced earthworms (Eisenia andrei, exposed in mesh bags) were studied. Changes in the levels of small molecule metabolites in earthworm tissue extracts were analysed by 1H NMR spectroscopy as ...
Kobayashi Jun - - 2004
In recent years, trials to reuse fused slags, obtained through the further treatment of incinerated ash produced in the process of the disposal of garbage or sewer sludge, such as for building materials including bricks, have drawn attention. To establish the safety of using such substances, elution tests for metals ...
Rigollet V - - 2004
The concentrations and the seasonal changes of heavy metals and organic carbon in the sediments underlying a Zostera marina L. bed were measured monthly during one year, in two Mediterranean lagoons: Thau (France) and Venice (Italy). While at Thau sediments showed Cu (18.7+/-3.9 microg g-1) and Pb (13.8+/-3.8 microg g-1) ...
Raspor Biserka - - 2004
A study performed over 12 months with caged mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis in the coastal marine zone, which is under urban pressure, reveals a temporal variation of digestive gland mass, which causes "biological dilution" of cytosolic metallothionein (MT) and trace metal (Cd, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn) concentrations. The dilution effect was ...
Dauwe Tom - - 2004
Metal concentrations (Ag, As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Zn) were determined in the feathers and excreta of nestling great tits (Parus major), in their main invertebrate prey (Lepidoptera larvae) and in vegetation samples, all collected from four sites along a pollution gradient. Metal contamination in vegetation samples increased significantly ...
Nordberg Monica - - 2004
Environmental exposure to cadmium (Cd) gives rise to renal tubular dysfunction at low cumulative doses of Cd. A possible role of Cd in influencing the occurrence of diseases, e.g., bone, reproductive and cancer in the general population groups environmentally exposed to Cd has been reported from Japan, Belgium, Sweden and ...
Sulbarán de Ferrer Betzabé - - 2004
The mineral content of the honey produced in five zones of the Zulia state, Venezuela, during dry and rainy seasons was determined. The analyzed elements were: sodium, potassium (by emission spectroscopy), calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, manganese (by atomic absorption spectroscopy), phosphorus (phosphate ions, by colorimetric method), and ash content of ...
Watanabe T - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The present analysis was initiated to examine possible gender-dependency, geographic variation, and time-dependent changes in dietary intake of cadmium (Cd-F) among general populations in Cd-non-polluted areas in Japan. The role of rice as Cd-F source was also within the scope. METHODS: Two databases on Cd and nutritional analyses were ...
Kim Meehye - - 2004
The cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) contents of calcium (Ca) supplements available on the Korean market were determined by a graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer using Zeeman background correction and peak area mode after microwave digestion. The mercury (Hg) content of the supplements was measured using an Hg analyser. Recoveries ...
Jackson Brian P - - 2004
Contamination of the environment from atmospheric deposition during the twentieth century is pervasive even in areas ostensibly considered pristine or remote from point sources. In this study, Pb concentrations in a 210Pb-dated peat core collected from the Okefenokee Swamp, GA were used to assess historical contaminant input via atmospheric deposition. ...
Shafer Martin M - - 2004
The physical and kinetic speciation of Cu and Zn in three impacted marine estuaries was examined. Contrasts in sources of metal-binding ligands, solution chemistry, and hydrologic forcing between and withinthethree study systems (Cape Fear River Estuary, North Carolina; Norfolk-Hampton Roads-Elizabeth River, Virginia; San Diego Bay, California) were exploited to enhance ...
Santos E E - - 2004
Concentrations of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, U and Zn were determined in vegetables (leafy vegetables, fruit, root, grain and cereal), derived products (sugar, coffee, manioc flour, wheat flour, corn flour, and pasta) and animal products (meat, fish, milk) most frequently consumed by adult inhabitants of Rio de ...
Struis Rudolf P W J - - 2004
Fly ash is commonly deposited in special landfills as it contains toxic concentrations of heavy metals, such as Zn, Pb, Cd, and Cu. This study was inspired by our efforts to detoxify fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration by thermal treatment to produce secondary raw materials suited for reprocessing. ...
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