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Results 451 - 500 of 1161
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Jeran Z - - 2007
Two country-wide surveys using epiphytic lichens as biomonitors of atmospheric pollution carried out during 2000 and 2001 in Slovenia were compared with surveys in 1991 and 1992. In the first survey, epiphytic lichen cover was studied in more than 500 plots of the 4 x 4 km national grid carried ...
Radhakrishnan Chander - - 2006
Ordered, tightly packed aryl-azide-terminated, self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) were created on gold substrates from a new disulfide precursor. These monolayers were reduced at least partially in an aqueous environment using approximately 2 nm CdS quantum dots (Qdots) as photocatalysts to give mixed monolayers of arylamine- and aryl azide-terminated species. The CdS ...
Nadella Sunita R - - 2006
Gastrointestinal processing and assimilation of Cu in vivo was investigated by sequential chyme analysis over a 72 h period following ingestion of a single satiation meal (3% body weight) of commercial trout food (Cu content=0.42 micromol g(-1)) by adult rainbow trout. Leaded glass ballotini beads incorporated into the food and ...
Selçuk Nevin - - 2006
This study describes the partitioning of 20 trace elements (As, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Tl, V, Zn) and eight major and minor elements (Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, Si, Ti) during the combustion of high ash content ...
Nummelin Matti - - 2007
Heavy metal concentrations of different predatory insects were studied near by a steel factory and from control sites. Waterstriders (Gerridae), dragon fly larvae (Odonata), antlion larvae (Myrmeleontidae) and ants (Formicidae) were analyzed by AAS. In most cases the metal concentrations were higher near the factory, but e.g. waterstriders had higher ...
Swiergosz-Kowalewska R - - 2006
The biochemical response to chronic heavy metal exposure was studied in tissues of bank voles Clethrionomys glareolus. Animals were collected from three sites located 4, 8 and 30km from a zinc-lead smelter, the area's main source of metal contamination. Concentrations of Cd, Pb, Zn and Fe were measured in the ...
Wey Ming-Yen - - 2006
Reuse of the fly ash from the municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) is a policy of Taiwan EPA. However, the fly ash is often classified as a hazardous waste and cannot be reused directly because the concentrations of heavy metals exceed the TCLP regulations. The main objective of this study ...
Heugens Evelyn H W - - 2006
Aquatic organisms in the field often are exposed to combinations of stress factors of various origins. Little is known of the interaction between different types of stressors; hence, the predictability of their joint effects is low. Therefore, the present study analyzed the joint effects of temperature, food, and cadmium on ...
Pérez-López Marcos - - 2006
Seabirds are top consumers in marine foodchains which offer opportunities to detect and assess the toxicological effects of different inorganic elements on the marine ecosystem. In order to provide baseline data concerning trace element levels in seabird species from NW Spain, zinc, copper, arsenic, chromium, lead, cadmium and mercury concentrations ...
Toh Y - - 2006
The Cd concentration in food is a public concern related to the human health. In order to remove Cd-polluted food, the development and validation of a rapid and sensitive method of Cd analysis is required. By applying the multiple gamma-ray detection method to prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA), the influence from ...
Kröpfl Krisztina - - 2006
Natural biofilms were simultaneously grown on granite, polished granite, andesite, polycarbonate and Plexi-glass substrata for six weeks in the Tisza River. Biofilm production and abundance of algae were influenced by the substratum. Magnitude of the substratum effect was andesite<polished granite<Plexi-glass<granite<polycarbonate. The benthic diatom community on polycarbonate had a high population ...
Hwang Hyun-Min - - 2006
Surface sediment samples (0-5 cm) from 5 tidal salt marshes along the coast in California, USA were analyzed to investigate the occurrence and anthropogenic input of trace metals. Among study areas, Stege Marsh located in the central San Francisco Bay was the most contaminated marsh. Concentrations of metals in Stege ...
e Silva Carlos Augusto R - - 2006
Samples of 5 bivalve molluscs (Crassostrea rhizophorae, Mytella charruana, Anomalocardia brasiliana, Anadara ovalis, Phacoides pectinata), 2 barnacles (Fistulobalanus citerosum, Balanus amphitrite) and leaves of the mangrove tree Rhizophora mangle were collected from up to 11 sites in two estuaries in Natal, Brazil--the comparatively contaminated Potengi estuary and the comparatively uncontaminated ...
Radwan Mohamed A - - 2006
A market basket survey was carried out with the aim to assess the levels of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) in various fruits and vegetables sold in Egyptian markets. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used to estimate and evaluate the levels of these metals. The results of ...
Shah Munir H - - 2006
Using nitric acid-perchloric acid wet digestion based FAAS method ten selected metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, K, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb and Zn) were determined in the scalp hair of male Pakistani and Libyan donors (n = 62), between 3-54 years age and residing in typical urban areas. The study ...
Ruangsomboon Suneerat - - 2006
The accumulation of cadmium (Cd) was studied in an experimental aquatic food chain involving the phytoplankton Chlorella vulgaris as the primary producer, the zooplankton Moina macrocopa as the primary consumer, and the catfish Clarias macrocephalus x Clarias gariepinus as the secondary consumer. C. vulgaris was first exposed to Cd solutions ...
Ciesielski T - - 2006
Concentrations of Al, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ga, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, Si, Sr, Tl, V, Zn, Ca, K, Mg, Na and P in the livers of marine mammals obtained from by-catches or stranded on beaches on the Polish Baltic coast were determined by ...
Amiard-Triquet Claude - - 2006
Copper distribution has been examined in two microalgae (Haslea ostrearia, Diatom; Tetraselmis suecica, Prasinophyceae) exposed to Cu at 30 microg/L(-1). Exchangeable copper linked at the cell surface was desorbed using 8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonate as complexing agent. Then, incorporated copper was separated between soluble and insoluble fractions. In addition, algae were resuspended in ...
Croisetière Louis - - 2006
We measured the relative importance of water and food as sources of the trace elements As, Cd, Co, Cu, Pb, and Zn for larvae of the benthic insect Sialis velata. To achieve this end, we first exposed its prey, the midge Chironomus riparius, to trace elements in a contaminated lake ...
Fabris Gastone - - 2006
The concentrations of heavy metals in the edible tissue of commonly fished species of the Victorian coast of Australia are reported. The metals studied were As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Se, and Zn and the fish species examined were snapper (Pagruss auratus), flathead (Platycephalus bassenssis and Neoplatycephalus richardsoni), lobster (Jasus ...
Zarkadas M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the impact of the gluten-free diet on the 5,240 members of the Canadian Celiac Association (CCA). Data are presented on 2,681 adults (>or=16 years) with biopsy-proven celiac disease (CD). METHODS: A mail-out survey was used. Quality of life was evaluated using the 'SF12', and celiac-specific ...
Cheung K C - - 2006
An ecological survey was carried out to determine the sediment concentrations of nutrients and heavy metals and bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish and shrimp including tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus x O. nilotica), grey mullet (Mugil cephalus), gei wai shrimp (Metapenaeus ensis) and caridean shrimp (Macrobrachium nipponensis) in the traditional tidal ...
Gibson Rosalind S - - 2006
The first cases of human Zn deficiency were described in the 1960s in the Middle East. Nevertheless, it was not until 2002 that Zn deficiency was included as a major risk factor in the global burden of disease, and only in 2004 did WHO/UNICEF include Zn supplements in the treatment ...
Ward Chelsea K - - 2006
Southern toads (Bufo terrestris) are found in coal fly ash collection basins associated with coal-burning electrical power plants. These basins contain large amounts of trace metals and organisms found in these basins are known to accumulate large quantities of metals. Studies on a variety of organisms exposed to trace metals ...
Luo Fang - - 2006
In this paper, marine brown algae Laminaria japonica was chemically-modified by crosslinking with epichlorohydrin (EC(1), EC(2)), or oxidizing by potassium permanganate (PC), or only washed by distilled water (DW). They were used for equilibrium sorption uptake studies with lead. As can be seen from the experimental results that biosorption equilibriums ...
Alleva E - - 2006
Tissue samples from 56 bird and 11 mammal species of different trophic levels, collected from 1994 to 1995 from the Urbino-Pesaro area in the Marche region of central Italy, were analyzed for the presence of organochlorine compounds (polychlorinated biphenyls and p,p'-DDE) and heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, and Hg). Results ...
Ikeda Masayuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine if overall correlation exists among cadmium levels (Cd) in the general environment, dietary Cd intake, and Cd body burden of local residents. METHODS: Eleven prefectures in Japan were selected as the areas where large-scale data on Cd levels in urine of ...
Spangler John G - - 2006
Manganese is an essential trace element that is toxic at high doses. We recently reported the potential for manganese to be absorbed via the olfactory system during showering with water contaminated by this element. In this commentary we respond to criticisms of our article and find using new methods that ...
Verma Neelam - - 2006
A microbial-based biosensor has been developed based on enzyme inhibition bioassay for monitoring the presence of Ni(II) in real-time samples. The sensing element is immobilized Bacillus sphaericus MTCC 5100 yielding urease enzyme. The transducer is an NH4+ ion selective electrode in conjunction with a potentiometer. Heavy metals are potentially toxic ...
Lachat Carl K - - 2006
A community-based, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from March 2001 to March 2002 in Kilosa, a rural district of Morogoro Region in Tanzania. One hundred and fifty-eight infants were selected randomly from lists of local Maternal and Child Health Care Centres and received either processed complementary food (PCF) or ...
Chove B E - - 2006
A study was carried out to determine the levels of two heavy metals, Lead (Pb) and Copper (Cu), in two popular leafy vegetables grown around Morogoro Municipality in Tanzania. Vegetable samples of Pumpkin leaves (Cucurbita moschata) and Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis) were collected from three sites and analysed for their ...
Azuara-García Ruben - - 2006
In this work the combined effects of zinc and Chlorella on the demography of two co-occurring planktonic rotifers (A. fissa and B. rubens) were evaluated. Chlorella absorbed a significant (about 35%) quantity of zinc from the medium within the 24 h period. The age-specific survivorship curves of A. fissa and ...
Rubio C - - 2006
Cadmium (Cd) in the human diet constitutes a potential chronic hazard to health. In the nonsmoking general population, diet is the major source of cadmium exposure; therefore, it is important to monitor the dietary intake of this heavy metal to quantify and improve the understanding of Cd accumulation in the ...
Arredondo Miguel - - 2006
Interactions of micronutrients can affect absorption and bioavailability of other nutrients by a number of mechanisms. In aqueous solutions, and at higher uptake levels, competition between elements with similar chemical characteristics and uptake process can take place. The consequences of these interactions may depend on the relative concentrations of the ...
Du Rui Lin - - 2006
To evaluate the influence of Zn on the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA), zinc-containing glass 58S4Z was prepared by substitution of CaO with 4 wt% ZnO in 58S bioactive glass, and Zn-containing simulated body fluid (ZnSBF) was prepared as soaking fluid. During the soaking, all samples could induce the deposition of ...
Hwang M G - - 2006
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a gram-negative rod bacterium, is a causative agent of waterborne pneumonia and presents high tolerance against conventional disinfectants. The inorganic biocidal reagents, copper and silver, were applied to inactivate P. aeruginosa inoculated in a synthetic drinking water (SDW). Additionally, the relationship of the specific amount of accumulated copper ...
Sasaki Kazuhiro K Central Res. Inst. of Electr. Power Ind, 270-1194 Japan. - - 2006
Cadmium (Cd) is a general environmental pollutant of increasing global concern. In 2005 the joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission proposed new international food legislation for low-level Cd contaminants. In this study we demonstrate the use of novel monoclonal antibody (MAb) to Cd-EDTA in an immunochromatography (IC) format for the quick ...
Gerdol Renato - - 2006
We determined trace metal concentrations in mature living tissues of the moss Hylocomium splendens, at different altitude, in the south-eastern Alps of Italy. We hypothesized that if precipitation does not vary with altitude trace element concentrations in moss tissues will not be affected by altitude. Contrary to our hypothesis, element ...
Das Mukul - - 2005
The use of silver foils in various food preparations is a common practice in Middle Eastern and South East Asian countries. The FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) has included silver in the list of food additives, but specifications were not prepared. Indian food legislation has included food-grade ...
Shi Dalin - - 2005
The influences of different Cd pre-exposure regimes (route, concentration, and duration of Cd exposure) on the bioavailability of Cd, Ag, Hg, and Zn to the green mussels Perna viridis were quantified in this study. Following pre-exposing the mussels to Cd, we measured the mussel's tissue Cd concentration and clearance rate, ...
Monnet Fabien - - 2005
Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the potential use of the aquatic lichen Dermatocarpon luridum as bioindicator of copper pollution. Lichen thalli were exposed to 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 mM copper in synthetic freshwater to solve the problems of metal bioavailability. The mineral composition of this media was ...
Sharma Mukesh - - 2005
This research was initiated to study lead levels in various food items in the city of Kanpur, India, to assess the dietary intake of lead and to estimate blood lead (PbB) levels, a biomarker of lead toxicity. For this purpose, sampling of food products, laboratory analysis, and computational exercises were ...
Arnold Ray - - 2005
Copper (Cu) concentrations in waterways of the United States are of widespread concern. Presently, 692 waterway segments around the United States are listed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as having unacceptably high copper concentrations. As part of their water quality management strategy, the USEPA is mandated to understand ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2005
Delineation of metal uptake routes in aquatic invertebrates is critical for characterizing bioaccumulation dynamics and assessing risks associated with metal exposure. Here we demonstrate that Cu stable isotopic ratios can be manipulated in both exposure media and algae to determine the efflux rate constant (ke) and to estimate Cu assimilation ...
Bhaskar P V - - 2006
The ecological implications of metal binding properties of bacterial EPS and its possible role in the bioaccumulation of pollutants in the marine food-chain was investigated using a partially purified and chemically characterized microbial EPS isolated from a species of Marinobacter. Various factors influencing metal sorption by the EPS including the ...
Bebianno M J - - 2005
Enzymatic defenses involved in protection from oxygen radical damage were determined in gills and mantle of Bathymodiolus azoricus collected from three contrasting Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) hydrothermal vent fields (Menez-Gwen, Lucky Strike and Rainbow). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidases (GPx) (total and Se-dependent), and levels of ...
Leotsinidis Michalis - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of some essential and toxic metals in the colostrum and transitory human milk in conjunction with various factors that may influence their concentrations i.e. diet, supplementation, place of residence, smoking, as well as socioeconomic and somatometric characteristics. Zinc, iron, copper, ...
Hermanson Mark H - - 2005
Exposure to lead, cadmium, and mercury is known to be high in many arctic Inuit communities. These metals are emitted from industrial and urban sources, are distributed by long-range atmospheric transport to remote regions, and are found in Inuit country foods. Current community exposure to these metals can be measured ...
Krook J - - 2006
In this paper, wood waste (RWW) recovered for heat production in Sweden was studied. Previous research has concluded that RWW contains elevated amounts of heavy metals, causing environmental problems during waste management. This study extends previous work on RWW by analysing which pollution sources cause this contamination. Using existing data ...
Zauke G-P - - 2006
Trace metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) were analysed in zooplankton samples and decapod crustaceans collected on cruises of "RV Walther Herwig III" to the Barents Sea (Summer 1991, 1994 and 2000). We found a substantial spatial heterogeneity in the decapod crustacean Pandalus borealis, with increasing Cd concentrations from the ...
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