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Results 451 - 500 of 1140
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Cheung K C - - 2006
An ecological survey was carried out to determine the sediment concentrations of nutrients and heavy metals and bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish and shrimp including tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus x O. nilotica), grey mullet (Mugil cephalus), gei wai shrimp (Metapenaeus ensis) and caridean shrimp (Macrobrachium nipponensis) in the traditional tidal ...
Gibson Rosalind S - - 2006
The first cases of human Zn deficiency were described in the 1960s in the Middle East. Nevertheless, it was not until 2002 that Zn deficiency was included as a major risk factor in the global burden of disease, and only in 2004 did WHO/UNICEF include Zn supplements in the treatment ...
Ward Chelsea K - - 2006
Southern toads (Bufo terrestris) are found in coal fly ash collection basins associated with coal-burning electrical power plants. These basins contain large amounts of trace metals and organisms found in these basins are known to accumulate large quantities of metals. Studies on a variety of organisms exposed to trace metals ...
Luo Fang - - 2006
In this paper, marine brown algae Laminaria japonica was chemically-modified by crosslinking with epichlorohydrin (EC(1), EC(2)), or oxidizing by potassium permanganate (PC), or only washed by distilled water (DW). They were used for equilibrium sorption uptake studies with lead. As can be seen from the experimental results that biosorption equilibriums ...
Alleva E - - 2006
Tissue samples from 56 bird and 11 mammal species of different trophic levels, collected from 1994 to 1995 from the Urbino-Pesaro area in the Marche region of central Italy, were analyzed for the presence of organochlorine compounds (polychlorinated biphenyls and p,p'-DDE) and heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, and Hg). Results ...
Ikeda Masayuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine if overall correlation exists among cadmium levels (Cd) in the general environment, dietary Cd intake, and Cd body burden of local residents. METHODS: Eleven prefectures in Japan were selected as the areas where large-scale data on Cd levels in urine of ...
Spangler John G - - 2006
Manganese is an essential trace element that is toxic at high doses. We recently reported the potential for manganese to be absorbed via the olfactory system during showering with water contaminated by this element. In this commentary we respond to criticisms of our article and find using new methods that ...
Sasaki Kazuhiro - - 2006
Cadmium (Cd) is a general environmental pollutant of increasing global concern. In 2005 the joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission proposed new international food legislation for low-level Cd contaminants. In this study we demonstrate the use of novel monoclonal antibody (MAb) to Cd-EDTA in an immunochromatography (IC) format for the quick ...
Verma Neelam - - 2006
A microbial-based biosensor has been developed based on enzyme inhibition bioassay for monitoring the presence of Ni(II) in real-time samples. The sensing element is immobilized Bacillus sphaericus MTCC 5100 yielding urease enzyme. The transducer is an NH4+ ion selective electrode in conjunction with a potentiometer. Heavy metals are potentially toxic ...
Lachat Carl K - - 2006
A community-based, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from March 2001 to March 2002 in Kilosa, a rural district of Morogoro Region in Tanzania. One hundred and fifty-eight infants were selected randomly from lists of local Maternal and Child Health Care Centres and received either processed complementary food (PCF) or ...
Chove B E - - 2006
A study was carried out to determine the levels of two heavy metals, Lead (Pb) and Copper (Cu), in two popular leafy vegetables grown around Morogoro Municipality in Tanzania. Vegetable samples of Pumpkin leaves (Cucurbita moschata) and Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis) were collected from three sites and analysed for their ...
Azuara-García Ruben - - 2006
In this work the combined effects of zinc and Chlorella on the demography of two co-occurring planktonic rotifers (A. fissa and B. rubens) were evaluated. Chlorella absorbed a significant (about 35%) quantity of zinc from the medium within the 24 h period. The age-specific survivorship curves of A. fissa and ...
Rubio C - - 2006
Cadmium (Cd) in the human diet constitutes a potential chronic hazard to health. In the nonsmoking general population, diet is the major source of cadmium exposure; therefore, it is important to monitor the dietary intake of this heavy metal to quantify and improve the understanding of Cd accumulation in the ...
Arredondo Miguel - - 2006
Interactions of micronutrients can affect absorption and bioavailability of other nutrients by a number of mechanisms. In aqueous solutions, and at higher uptake levels, competition between elements with similar chemical characteristics and uptake process can take place. The consequences of these interactions may depend on the relative concentrations of the ...
Du Rui Lin - - 2006
To evaluate the influence of Zn on the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA), zinc-containing glass 58S4Z was prepared by substitution of CaO with 4 wt% ZnO in 58S bioactive glass, and Zn-containing simulated body fluid (ZnSBF) was prepared as soaking fluid. During the soaking, all samples could induce the deposition of ...
Hwang M G - - 2006
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a gram-negative rod bacterium, is a causative agent of waterborne pneumonia and presents high tolerance against conventional disinfectants. The inorganic biocidal reagents, copper and silver, were applied to inactivate P. aeruginosa inoculated in a synthetic drinking water (SDW). Additionally, the relationship of the specific amount of accumulated copper ...
Gerdol Renato - - 2006
We determined trace metal concentrations in mature living tissues of the moss Hylocomium splendens, at different altitude, in the south-eastern Alps of Italy. We hypothesized that if precipitation does not vary with altitude trace element concentrations in moss tissues will not be affected by altitude. Contrary to our hypothesis, element ...
Das Mukul - - 2005
The use of silver foils in various food preparations is a common practice in Middle Eastern and South East Asian countries. The FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) has included silver in the list of food additives, but specifications were not prepared. Indian food legislation has included food-grade ...
Shi Dalin - - 2005
The influences of different Cd pre-exposure regimes (route, concentration, and duration of Cd exposure) on the bioavailability of Cd, Ag, Hg, and Zn to the green mussels Perna viridis were quantified in this study. Following pre-exposing the mussels to Cd, we measured the mussel's tissue Cd concentration and clearance rate, ...
Monnet Fabien - - 2005
Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the potential use of the aquatic lichen Dermatocarpon luridum as bioindicator of copper pollution. Lichen thalli were exposed to 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 mM copper in synthetic freshwater to solve the problems of metal bioavailability. The mineral composition of this media was ...
Sharma Mukesh - - 2005
This research was initiated to study lead levels in various food items in the city of Kanpur, India, to assess the dietary intake of lead and to estimate blood lead (PbB) levels, a biomarker of lead toxicity. For this purpose, sampling of food products, laboratory analysis, and computational exercises were ...
Arnold Ray - - 2005
Copper (Cu) concentrations in waterways of the United States are of widespread concern. Presently, 692 waterway segments around the United States are listed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as having unacceptably high copper concentrations. As part of their water quality management strategy, the USEPA is mandated to understand ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2005
Delineation of metal uptake routes in aquatic invertebrates is critical for characterizing bioaccumulation dynamics and assessing risks associated with metal exposure. Here we demonstrate that Cu stable isotopic ratios can be manipulated in both exposure media and algae to determine the efflux rate constant (ke) and to estimate Cu assimilation ...
Bhaskar P V - - 2006
The ecological implications of metal binding properties of bacterial EPS and its possible role in the bioaccumulation of pollutants in the marine food-chain was investigated using a partially purified and chemically characterized microbial EPS isolated from a species of Marinobacter. Various factors influencing metal sorption by the EPS including the ...
Bebianno M J - - 2005
Enzymatic defenses involved in protection from oxygen radical damage were determined in gills and mantle of Bathymodiolus azoricus collected from three contrasting Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) hydrothermal vent fields (Menez-Gwen, Lucky Strike and Rainbow). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidases (GPx) (total and Se-dependent), and levels of ...
Leotsinidis Michalis - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of some essential and toxic metals in the colostrum and transitory human milk in conjunction with various factors that may influence their concentrations i.e. diet, supplementation, place of residence, smoking, as well as socioeconomic and somatometric characteristics. Zinc, iron, copper, ...
Hermanson Mark H - - 2005
Exposure to lead, cadmium, and mercury is known to be high in many arctic Inuit communities. These metals are emitted from industrial and urban sources, are distributed by long-range atmospheric transport to remote regions, and are found in Inuit country foods. Current community exposure to these metals can be measured ...
Krook J - - 2006
In this paper, wood waste (RWW) recovered for heat production in Sweden was studied. Previous research has concluded that RWW contains elevated amounts of heavy metals, causing environmental problems during waste management. This study extends previous work on RWW by analysing which pollution sources cause this contamination. Using existing data ...
Zauke G-P - - 2006
Trace metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) were analysed in zooplankton samples and decapod crustaceans collected on cruises of "RV Walther Herwig III" to the Barents Sea (Summer 1991, 1994 and 2000). We found a substantial spatial heterogeneity in the decapod crustacean Pandalus borealis, with increasing Cd concentrations from the ...
Yamagami T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study was initiated to examine if exposure to cadmium (Cd) was high also outside of the previously identified Itai-itai disease endemic region in the Jinzu River basin in Toyama prefecture in Japan. METHODS: Morning spot urine samples were collected in June-August 2004 from 651 adult women (including 535 ...
Heikens Alex - - 2005
In Asembagus (East Java, Indonesia), surface water is contaminated with effluent from the hyperacid Ijen Crater Lake. In a previous study, we reported that food crops irrigated with this water had increased concentrations of various elements. Here, we present a total diet study for adults and 6-year-old children to determine ...
Barton H - - 2005
Between 1997 and 2001, samples of drinking water (DW) were collected in about 600 households and pre-schools by a double sampling method, early in the morning (stagnant water, W1) and in the evening (flushed water, W2). The study group included about 300 5-7-year-old children living in urban (metropolitan, U) and ...
Mannila Janne - - 2005
The purpose of the present study was to develop novel cyclodextrin-containing sublingual formulations of cannabinoids. Complexation of model cannabinoids, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), with randomly methylated beta-cyclodextrin (RM-beta-CD) and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD), were studied by the phase-solubility method. Due to better complexation efficiency, RM-beta-CD was selected for further studies. Solid ...
Rubio Carmen - - 2005
For most people diet is the main route of exposure to trace metals, so information about dietary intake is also important to assess risks to human health for these elements. The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of Pb in the foods and drinks of highest consumption ...
Butler Walker Jody - - 2006
Maternal and umbilical cord blood levels of mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and the trace elements copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and selenium (Se) are reported for Inuit, Dene/Métis, Caucasian, and Other nonaboriginal participants from Arctic Canada. This is the first human tissue monitoring program covering the entire Northwest Territories ...
Ciesielski Tomasz - - 2006
Concentrations of Al, Ba, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Si, Sr, Zn, Ca, K, Mg, Na and P in the livers of Baikal seal, plankton, zoobenthos, and fish, constituting the food sources for the seals, were determined by ICP-MS and ICP-AES. The accumulation of elements in the liver of seals, ...
Kelleher Shannon L - - 2005
The regulation of milk trace mineral homeostasis requires the temporal integration of three main processes, (A) mineral uptake into the secretory mammary epithelial cell (MEC); followed by (B) mineral secretion from MEC into the alveoli lumen of the mammary gland for sequestration in milk; and then (C) milk release in ...
Wang Chu-Fang - - 2005
Road dust contributes a large percentage of the atmosphere's suspended particles in Taiwan. Three road dust samples were collected from downtown, electrical park, and freeway tunnel areas. A mechanical sieve separated the road dust in the initial stage. Particles > 100 microm were 75%, 70%, and 60% (wt/wt), respectively, of ...
Zhou Dong-Mei - - 2005
Effect of electrokinetic treatment on copper partitioning and distribution in mine tailings were studied. In particular the effects of catholyte enhancement by HAc-NaAc, HCl, HAc-NaAc+EDTA and lactic acid+NaOH were evaluated. The results show that conditioning the catholyte plays a very important role in improving Cu removal. When HAc-NaAc is used ...
España M S Astorga - - 2005
The concentrations of the essential metals Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, and Zn were determined in 126 specimens of molluscs belonging to five different species: Mytilus chilensis, n=47; Nacella deaurata, n=65; Aulacomya ater, n=4; Fissurella picta, n=4; Acanthina monodon, n=6, collected from the coastline of the Magellan Strait. Significant ...
Hermansen John E - - 2005
A total of 480 samples of milk from 10 organically and 10 conventionally producing dairy farms in Denmark and covering 8 sampling periods over 1 year (triplicate samplings) were analysed for 45 trace elements and 6 major elements by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma atomic ...
Cervera Amelia - - 2005
Newly moulted females of the insect Oncopeltus fasciatus were exposed to cadmium (Cd) dissolved in the drinking water (50-400 mg l(-1) Cd) for 5 days. Cd exposure delayed ovarian maturation and inhibited egg production. Exposure to Cd, moreover, decreased hemolymph levels of the two major vitellogenin polypeptides of O. fasciatus, ...
Singh Munendra - - 2005
Monitoring of atmospheric lead from the Dalbergia sissoo tree was undertaken at Lucknow urban centre of the Ganga Plain, India. A total of 26 leaf samples were collected in spring, monsoon and winter seasons from 16 sampling sites and was analysed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry method. Lead concentrations were low ...
Zhang Li - - 2005
Zinc is an essential trace metal but also a potential toxicant to aquatic organisms. In this study, two juvenile marine fish species, the black sea bream Acanthopagrus schlegeli and the grunt Teraponjarbua, were pre-exposed to Zn either from waterborne (0.74-170 microg L-1) or dietary (39-5926 microg g-1) Zn for 1 ...
Hsu Shih-Chieh - - 2005
Along with windblown dust, large quantities of pollutants are annually brought out of continental China by the westerlies in winter and spring; thereafter, they are partly subjected to transport by northeastern monsoon winds to Taiwan. To characterize the heavy metal composition differences between long-range transported and local aerosols and to ...
Bocio Ana - - 2005
This study is a part of a monitoring program for the determination of metals in various human tissues of the population living in the vicinity of a new hazardous waste incinerator (HWI) in Constantí (Tarragona County, Spain). Concentrations of arsenic (As), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), manganese ...
Altindağ Ahmet - - 2005
The accumulation of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Hg and Cr) was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in water, sediment, plankton and fish samples collected from Lake Beyşehir, which is important bird nesting and visiting areas, and irrigation and drinking water sources. In Lake Beyşehir, the accumulation orders of heavy metals ...
Kucuksezgin F - - 2006
Izmir Bay (western Turkey) is one of the great natural bays of the Mediterranean. Izmir is an important industrial and commercial centre and a cultural focal point. The main industries in the region include food processing, oil, soap and paint production, chemical industries, paper and pulp factories, textile industries and ...
Leblanc Jean-Charles - - 2005
To estimate the dietary exposure of the main minerals and trace elements from retail food typically consumed by the French population, samples were purchased and then prepared and cooked prior to analysis. A total of 1080 individual food composites samples were collected and analysed for 18 elements (arsenic, lead, cadmium, ...
Zidar Primoz - - 2005
The objective of this study was to find out whether Porcellio scaber discriminates against Cd-contaminated food. The foraging behavior in animals offered uncontaminated and Cd-contaminated food simultaneously was quantified for 48-h employing computer-aided video tracking. To see whether the isopods' selection of less contaminated food could diminish the influence Cd ...
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