Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 836
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James John M - - 2004
Previous investigations have established the pathogenic role of food allergy in respiratory tract symptoms, which rarely occur in isolation. Specific foods have been implicated in these reactions. The role of food allergy in otitis media is controversial, probably uncommon, and further studies are needed. Food-induced asthma is more common in ...
Lyons Antonia C - - 2004
Although food allergy can have serious health consequences, little is currently known about people's perceptions of food allergy. The present study examined the differences in awareness and perceptions of food allergy and anxiety between young people with and without a food allergy. Participants completed a questionnaire which asked about their ...
Muraro Antonella - - 2004
The role of primary prevention of allergic disease has been a matter of debate for the last 40 years. In order to shed some light into this issue a group of experts of the Section of Pediatrics EAACI critically reviewed the existing literature on the subject. The design of observational ...
Perr Hilary A - - 2004
The gastrointestinal tract communicates directly with the external environment. Necessary nutrients must be absorbed and commensal bacteria tolerated, and foreign proteins, antigens, and pathogens must be simultaneously excluded or destroyed. Immaturity or disruption of the mucosal immune defenses increases vulnerability to food allergy, intolerance, and infectious disease. Diseases resulting from ...
Aydoğan Barlas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To detect the relationship between food allergy and otitis media with effusion (OME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on three different groups. The patient group was made up of 56 patients with OME (group I). There were 28 patients with food allergy in group II and these ...
Thong B Y H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of IgE-mediated food allergy (FA) in childhood varies from 6% to 8% in the first year of life compared to 1% to 2% in adults. In contrast to adults, FA in childhood, often part of the "allergic march", resolves in more than 85% of children, especially those ...
Saeed Sheikh Arshad - - 2004
Food allergy is a condition prevalent in over 2 percent of the world's population. The topic has been subject to research from ancient Greek times and continues to attract modern scientific and medical communities. In susceptible individuals certain foods produce a wide spectrum of unwanted effects like eczema, asthma, and ...
Basso Alexandre Salgado - - 2004
There is increasing evidence supporting the notion that brain-gut communication is crucial for the manifestation of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Employing denervation by neonatal capsaicin treatment, we investigated here the role of unmyelinated C-fibers in food allergy signaling in the brain. We found that 90 min after oral ovalbumin (OVA) ...
Rawal Swati Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The most recent classification of periodontal diseases includes a new section on traumatic gingival lesions. Traumatic lesions of the gingiva are thought to be highly prevalent, yet the periodontal literature contains few references on the topic. The purpose of this article is to present a broad spectrum of traumatic ...
Sampson Hugh A - - 2004
Tremendous progress has been made in our understanding of food-based allergic disorders over the past 5 years. Recent epidemiologic studies suggest that nearly 4% of Americans are afflicted with food allergies, a prevalence much higher than appreciated in the past. In addition, the prevalence of peanut allergy was found to ...
Ross Scott R - - 2004
In a sample composed of 147 undergraduates (age range 18 to 55 years; M = 22), we conducted an examination of the convergent and discriminant validity of self- and other-forgiveness in the Five-factor model of personality (FFM). Using multiple measures of each construct, principal components analysis (PCA) supported a 2-component ...
Reig-Ferrer Abilio - - 2004
This study examined psychometric characteristics of the Spanish translation of the Marital Satisfaction Inventory-Revised (MSI-R) in a community sample of 205 couples from Spain. Overall, analyses of the scales' internal consistency compared favorably with findings for both the English and Spanish versions of this instrument with U.S. samples. Confirmatory factor ...
Prin Fabrice - - 2004
The dorsal and ventral scales of the chick foot can be distinguished morphologically and molecularly: the dorsal oblong overlapping scuta expressing both alpha and beta keratins, and the ventral roundish nonprotruding reticula expressing only alpha keratins. The question arises how En-1 and Lmx1, whose role in dorsoventral limb patterning has ...
Bischoff Stephan - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adverse reactions to food resulting in gastrointestinal symptoms are common in the general population. Although only a minority of individuals complaining of such symptoms have immune-mediated reactions to food (food allergy), gastrointestinal food allergies do exist in both children and adults. This review provides an update on ...
von Brevern Michael - - 2004
Migraine can cause vestibular symptoms including positional vertigo. Of 362 consecutive patients presenting with positional vertigo, 10 with migrainous vertigo mimicking benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) were identified. The following factors help to distinguish migrainous positional vertigo from BPPV: short-duration symptomatic episodes and frequent recurrences, manifestation early in life, migrainous ...
Gibb G M - - 2004
We found previously that aggregated insoluble tau protein in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) brains exhibits a heterogeneous pattern that is not segregated by the type of clinical presentation. Here we have investigated tau isoform composition from 20 PSP cases and found marked variation between different brains. Cases were classified into ...
Lee Jeong-Beom - - 2004
Food allergy is an important and common health issue, and there is a need to identify and characterize the sensitizing mechanisms. One of the common causes of food allergy is ovalbumin (OVA), a dietary antigen from eggs. We hypothesized that OVA-induced food allergy in the gut involves the activation of ...
Qureshi Hina S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing primary cutaneous adnexal neoplasms (PCANs) from metastatic carcinomas (MCs) can be difficult. We study the utility of p63, CK 5/6, CK 7, and 20 expression in PCAN vs. MC. METHODS: Twenty-one PCAN with sweat gland differentiation (six benign, 15 malignant), one sebaceous carcinoma, and 15 MC (14 adenocarcinomas, ...
Moneret-Vautrin D A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of food allergies increases, relating to diet modifications. The consumption of new foods--exotic foods or foods originally used for animal feed, new proteins, neo allergens due to the use of new technologies and soon, Genetically Modified Foods--are in the spotlight. OBJECTIVE: It is essential to develop a ...
Artuso A - - 2004
Clinico-instrumental criteria to reliably detect simulated vertigo remain to be defined. Computed dynamic posturography (Equitest) has been used to identify additional factors to distinguish simulated, from real vertigo. The present study population comprised 23 normal subjects and 16 patients with documented vestibular impairment. Normal subjects were also studied during a ...
Khakoo Abbas - - 2004
In this review, we examine the critical periods of immune development and how these might be modified to prevent food allergy. The relevant dietary intervention studies, roles of microorganisms and their products, and other strategies are critically analyzed. Additionally, we highlight the potential importance of different routes of allergic sensitization ...
Sampson Hugh A - - 2004
Food allergies affect approximately 2% of the population and are the single leading cause of anaphylaxis occurring outside of hospitals in westernized countries. Given the frequency of IgE-mediated food allergy, it is imperative that physicians appropriately diagnose food-allergic patients, educate them in the appropriate measures to prevent accidental ingestion of ...
Osborn D A - - 2004
Allergies and food reactions in infants and children are common and may be associated with foods including adapted cow's milk formulas. Soy based formulas have been used to treat infants with allergy or food intolerance. However, it is unclear whether they can be advocated for the prevention of allergy and ...
Pando Marcelo J - - 2003
KIR3DL1 is an inhibitory HLA-B receptor of human NK and T cells that exhibits genetic and phenotypic polymorphism. KIR3DL1*004, a common allotype, cannot be detected on the surface of PBLs using the KIR3DL1-specific Ab DX9. The nature of this phenotype was investigated through comparison of 3DL1*004 with 3DL1*002, an allele ...
Eigenmann P A - - 2003
Up to 5% of young children and 2% of adults suffer from food allergy. Among them many have immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy, a condition with potentially fatal allergic reactions. Several studies have addressed possible definite treatment options for food allergy. Immunotherapy, by the oral route or by systemic injections ...
Armstrong Conor - - 2003
This study compared the use of horizontal parallax (HP) and vertical parallax (VP) radiography for localizing ectopic maxillary canines (EMCs). The true positions of 43 EMCs were determined using the operative notes and subsequent study models following exposure and eruption. Thirty-four palatal and nine buccal EMCs were included in the ...
Jang Chul Ho - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible relationship between allergy and otitis media with effusion (OME), we investigated the presence and level of tryptase, which reflect mast cell activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five children with intractable OME were studied. Thirteen patients were confirmed allergy positive by multiallergosorbent test. Twelve patients were allergy ...
Ma Songhui - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the diagnosis and therapy of oral allergy syndrome (OAS; also known as pollen-food allergy syndrome), a disorder caused by IgE antibody-mediated reactions to homologous proteins in pollens and fruits and vegetables. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine how practicing allergists define and treat OAS. METHODS: ...
Guarrera Paolo Maria - - 2003
A series of research projects on wild plants used in Central Italy (Marche, Latium and Abruzzo) as food medicine and for minor nourishment was carried out in the years 1979-2000. This study reports a summary of the data personally collected in the field. Minor nourishment appears to be still consistently ...
Roberts Graham - - 2003
Food allergy and asthma are both atopic diseases and therefore frequently co-exist. Food allergy is common in childhood, affecting approximately 8% of infants. The diagnosis is based on a suggestive history supported by skin-prick testing, serum specific IgE or food challenge. The role of diet in the aetiology of asthma ...
Woo Jessica G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: CD14, the receptor for LPS, plays an important role in innate immunity. A polymorphism in the promotor for CD14, -159 C-->T, has been implicated in atopy. OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship of this polymorphism with both atopic and nonatopic asthma, as well as with food allergy. METHODS: Patients with ...
Currie G P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Assessment of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to indirect bronchoconstrictor stimuli is a useful noninvasive tool in the evaluation of asthma and its treatment. We investigated the putative relationship in AHR between inhaled adenosine monophosphate and mannitol. METHODS: Fifteen mild-to-moderate atopic asthmatics were evaluated. On two separate screening days, the threshold ...
Wang Yong-Qiang - - 2003
A new monomeric stilbene, halophilol A (1), and a new tetrastilbene, halophilol B (2), along with three known oligostilbenes were isolated from the seeds of Iris halophila. Their structures were established on the basis of the spectral data. The oligostilbene skeleton is encountered for the first time in the Iridaceae ...
Hirao Yuji - - 2003
Butyrolactone-I (BL-I) is a specific inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases and prevents germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in porcine oocytes. This study first focused on the effect of BL-I on the time course of GVBD and progression to metaphase II (MII) in oocytes after the removal of BL-I. When porcine oocytes were ...
Eggesbø Merete - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery might delay the colonization of the newborn intestine. A delayed or aberrant colonization process has been offered as an explanation for the increase in allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether cesarean delivery and the use of antibiotics were associated with subsequent ...
Dioun Anahita F - - 2003
The prevalence of food allergies is increasing. Concurrently, the average maternal age at birth is also increasing. We conducted a preliminary study to evaluate whether maternal age at the time of delivery is associated with a food allergy in children. Case and control patients were identified among consecutive patients seen ...
Roberts Graham - - 2003
BACKGROUND: No objective clinical risk factors exist for pediatric life-threatening asthma. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we address whether persistent food allergy and degree of atopy are risk factors for life-threatening asthma. METHODS: By use of a case-controlled design, children (1-16 years) ventilated for an exacerbation of asthma were enrolled. Each ...
Lee Chyh-Woei - - 2003
Peanut allergies have become a major health concern in the United States. Peanuts are one of the most common causes of food allergies and along with tree nuts they account for most of the cases of fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic reactions to food. Not only is there a rise in ...
Fiocchi Alessandro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To present research and clinical evidence on the use of primary dietary prevention in food allergy management. DATA SOURCES: We conducted MEDLINE searches for pertinent articles published between January 1986 and October 2001 with use of the following keywords or phrases: prevention and diet and allergy, food allergy and ...
Gleadow Roslyn M - - 2003
Cyanogenesis (i.e. the evolution of HCN from damaged plant tissue) requires the presence of two biochemical pathways, one controlling synthesis of the cyanogenic glycoside and the other controlling the production of a specific degradative beta-glucosidase. The sole cyanogenic glycoside in Eucalyptus nobilis was identified as prunasin (D-mandelonitrile beta-D-glucoside) using HPLC ...
Doğru Harun - - 2003
The aim of this prospective study is to compare the prevalence of atopy in patients afflicted by nasal polyps with the atopy prevalence in healthy volunteers without nasal polyps, since systemic allergy and allergy in the nasal mucosa are still being debated as underlying causes for nasal polyps. Thirty-four cases ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2003
Gastrointestinal food allergies are a spectrum of disorders that result from adverse immune responses to dietary antigens. The named disorders include immediate gastrointestinal hypersensitivity (anaphylaxis), oral allergy syndrome, allergic eosinophilic esophagitis, gastritis, and gastroenterocolitis; dietary protein enterocolitis, proctitis, and enteropathy; and celiac disease. Additional disorders sometimes attributed to food allergy ...
Wood Robert A - - 2003
The natural history of food allergy refers to the development of food sensitivities as well as the possible loss of the same food sensitivities over time. Most food allergy is acquired in the first 1 to 2 years of life, whereas the loss of food allergy is a far more ...
- - 2003
Food allergy seems to be increasing in prevalence, significantly decreases the quality of life for patients and their families, and has become a common diagnostic and management issue for the pediatrician. Studies now a decade old showed that 6% to 8% of children younger than 3 years experience documented adverse ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2003
Food allergy affects approximately 2% of the general US population, and its prevalence seems to be increasing. Despite the potential for a fatal outcome, no definitive therapies are available for food allergy. This article reviews novel approaches for the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy. Improved diagnostic methods include more ...
Bahna Sami L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is gaining substantial interest by both the public and health professionals. It is usually overdiagnosed by the public and misdiagnosed by physicians. OBJECTIVE: To provide an outline for appropriate evaluation of patients suspected of having food allergy. DATA SOURCES: Information was derived from selected review and original ...
James John M - - 2003
Food allergy may present with a variety of respiratory tract symptoms that generally involve immunoglobulin E antibody-mediated responses. Exposure is typically through ingestion, but in some cases, inhalation of airborne food particles may trigger these reactions. Upper and lower respiratory tract reactions are often a significant component of multisystem, anaphylactic ...
Mofidi Shideh - - 2003
The diagnosis and management of food allergy requires attention to several important dietary issues. Successful exclusion of identified dietary allergens requires extensive education regarding the interpretation of ingredient labels of commercial products and an appreciation for issues of cross-contact in settings such as restaurants and commercial manufacturing. Once a food ...
Seidman Ernest G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To discuss current therapeutic modalities for cow's milk allergy and its prevention. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: The sources of data include original clinical studies carried out at Ste. Justine Hospital, as well as a systematic search of the published English and French language scientific literature restricted to human ...
Zeiger Robert S - - 2003
Food allergy afflicts an increasing number of infants and children and is associated with both clinical and familial burdens. To help lessen this burden, the Nutritional Committees from the American Academy of Pediatrics and jointly the European Society for Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology and the European Society for Pediatric ...
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