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Moneret-Vautrin Anne Denise - - 2005
The prevalence of food allergy reaches 3% in the adult population. Chronic gastrointestinal allergy is a rare entity: 4.2% of food allergies in adults, and represents 3.2% of all intestinal disorders. Non-specific symptoms are the rule but eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders are the subject of much interest. Endoscopy and biopsies of ...
Laitinen Kirsi - - 2005
The dietary approach to allergic disease in infancy is evolving from passive allergen avoidance to active stimulation of the immature immune system, the aim of which is to support the establishment of tolerance. This may include probiotics providing maturational signals for the gut-associated lymphoid tissue and by balancing the generation ...
Kivity Shmuel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea may be a presenting symptom of type I food hypersensitivity; bronchial hyperactivity, without known asthma, can coexist in patients with food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate airway involvement in young adult patients with food allergy and no asthma and compare the findings to those of patients with food allergy ...
Pons Laurent - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy is a major cause of life-threatening hypersensitivity reactions. Peanut allergy is the most serious of the hypersensitivity reactions to foods due to its persistence and high risk of severe anaphylaxis. Currently, strict avoidance of the allergenic food and ready access to self-injectable epinephrine is the ...
Bangash Shahid A - - 2005
Food allergy is mostly a childhood disease that differs from the adult-onset allergy in several aspects, including the prevalence, commonly offending foods, symptomatology, and prognosis. The prevalence is much overestimated by the public, but it probably affects up to 6% of children. In some cases, the diagnosis might be clearly ...
Huang Shih-Wen - - 2005
There is a prevailing myth that iodine levels in seafood and seafood allergy are connected. Therefore, we designed a study to collect information about this misconception from patients referred to our pediatric allergy clinic because of suspected seafood allergy. We presented five questions to our patients, and the most surprising ...
Madsen Charlotte - - 2005
At present the only cure for food allergy is to avoid eating the food responsible for the allergy. Thus, food allergy or food hypersensitivity is a disease that is not only of concern to the individual who is affected but also to those involved directly and indirectly in supplying and ...
Crevel Ren? - - 2005
Serious attempts to estimate the impact of allergic reactions to foods on public health did not begin until the 1980s. Until about 15 years ago food allergy was considered a minor aspect of food safety. Two developments probably prompted a radical re-appraisal of that situation. The first was the apparently ...
Hourihane Jonathan O'B - - 2005
Threshold doses or Estimated Eliciting Doses (EEDs) represent an important new field of research in food allergy. Clinicians and regulators have embraced some toxicological concepts such as LOAEL and NOAEL and applied them to an area of significant clinical uncertainty and interest. The impact of intrinsic human factors (e.g., asthma ...
Miles S - - 2005
Both immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy and food intolerance can lead to many changes in personal behaviour and health care resource use which have important economic consequences. These costs will impact directly, indirectly and intangibly on both individuals and society in general. It is important to measure the cost of ...
Thompson Michele M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Roughly one third of children with atopic dermatitis (AD) have IgE-mediated food allergy. Most parents and pediatricians assume foods also cause the eczema, a focus that diverts proper skin therapy and has negative outcomes including nutritional deficiency, costly referrals, and unnecessary testing. This project investigates the relationship between food ...
Hayes Jennifer A - - 2005
The treatment of plural morphemes in English noun-noun compounds is significant because it provides a test case for competing theories of language acquisition and representation. Even when the first noun in a compound refers to plural items, native speakers frequently use the singular form (Murphy, 2000). Sometimes, they will use ...
Lee Winson C C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Monolimb is a transtibial prosthesis having the socket and shank molded into one piece of thermoplastic material. If properly designed, the shank of a monolimb can have a controlled deflection during walking which simulates the ankle joint motions to some extent. However, there is no clear guidance for the ...
Ince P G - - 2005
Recently published work provides evidence in support of the cycad hypothesis for Lytico--Bodig, the Guamanian amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism dementia complex (ALS/PDC), based on a new understanding of Chamorro food practices, a cyanobacterial origin of beta-methylaminoalanine (BMAA) in cycad tissue, and a possible mechanism of biomagnification of this neurotoxic amino acid ...
Kim Hyeyoung - - 2005
This study investigated whether orally administered probiotic bacteria (Bifidobacterium bifidum and Lactobacillus casei) and a gram-negative bacterium (Escherichia coli) function as allergic immune modulators to prevent food allergy, according to the hygiene hypothesis. C3H/HeJ mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) and cholera toxin for 5 weeks. After sensitization, the OVA-induced ...
Bauer Stephen M - - 2005
A key central stage of wound healing requires neovascularization of the wound base granulation tissue. In the adult, neovascularization is now known to occur by both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Understanding the biology of these 2 processes offers promising new therapeutic options for patients who suffer from chronic, nonhealing ischemic wounds. ...
Kim Jennifer S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: EpiPen is often underused in children with food allergy experiencing anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVE: We explored whether underuse of EpiPen might be attributed to parental discomfort with administration, as measured by a lack of parental empowerment and knowledge of proper administration. METHODS: A written survey was mailed to parents of children ...
Barnett Candace W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether community pharmacist-provided food-allergy education and auto-injectable epinephrine training is needed. DESIGN: Cross-sectional assessment. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: 1,887 recently joined members of the Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network. INTERVENTION: Electronic survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 35 items covering past education and training associated with food allergy and ...
Izawa Ei-Ichi - - 2005
Laterality of foot-use behaviour was examined in jungle crows (Corvus macrorhynchos). Consistency of laterality was also verified in comparison with two different behaviours. One was beak-scratching, and another was food-holding. Significant bias of foot-use laterality was found in 11 of 13 tested subjects for beak-scratching and in 10 of 12 ...
Li Xiu-Min - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy has emerged as a significant health problem. Peanut allergy is a major cause of food-induced fatal and near fatal anaphylactic reactions, and the incidence in children is increasing. Attempts to manage peanut allergy by strict avoidance are often unsuccessful. The purpose of this review is ...
Björkstén Bengt - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent clinical and experimental studies of genetic and environmental risk factors for the development of food allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: It may be true, although it is yet to be shown, that food allergies in early childhood are becoming more common and that the causes are ...
Høst Arne - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Allergic diseases represent a major burden of health problems in industrialized countries. Though several studies have focused on possible preventive measure and strategies much controversy still exists on this topic. The aim of this review is to discuss the recent literature on primary prevention of food allergy. ...
Mari Adriano - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review recent clinical and molecular findings related to the oral allergy syndrome in order to define its relevance in the field of food allergy, describe current diagnostic approaches and discuss attempts to use specific immunotherapy for treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: New ...
Cohn M - - 2005
In 'Credo 2004', Zinkernagel and Hengartner give us a food-for-thought analysis of immune responsiveness based on a 'pragmatic and empiric point of view.' The Credo 2004 postulates derived by inductive extrapolation from observation to generalization do not satisfactorily account for immune behaviour because they lack a conceptualization as illustrated here. ...
Purohit-Sheth Tejashri S - - 2005
A case of Oral Allergy syndrome or Pollen-Food Allergy Syndrome is briefly discussed. The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, pathogenesis, and management of this syndrome are discussed followed by clinical pearls and pitfalls for the practicing allergist. Symptoms generally occur with the ingestion of raw fruits/vegetables and nuts; cooked foods are not ...
Irei A V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of allergic diseases has remarkably increased in the last decades in tandem with the number of obese individuals. Results of studies on obesity and allergic diseases are controversial, and most of them are related to asthma and asthma-like symptoms. OBJECTIVE: In our study, we evaluated the association ...
Leitch I S - - 2005
This study investigates whether or not it is possible to buy meals suitable for peanut allergy sufferers and assesses the training and guidance needs of catering staff and Environmental Health Officers (EHOs) in Northern Ireland with respect to serious food allergies. Meal samples purchased in food premises in the local ...
Hourihane J O'B - - 2005
Peanut allergy is a severe and life-threatening form of food allergy. Treatments are being developed but the mainstays of current management remain avoidance of peanut and appropriate use of rescue medication. We report the case of a boy with peanut allergy who required a bone marrow transplant (BMT) for combined ...
Boyle Robert J - - 2005
The acquisition of new food allergy after orthotopic liver transplantation is now a well described phenomenon, mainly reported in children. The etiology of this phenomenon is at present unclear, but has been ascribed by some to tacrolimus treatment. Here we report a case of liver transplant acquired food allergy (LTAFA) ...
Derby C J - - 2005
Sesame is a major allergen in countries where it is a common food. It was noted that an increasing number of members of the UK charity, the anaphylaxis campaign, were reporting allergy to sesame. This study, sought to examine features of sesame allergy among members of the Anaphylaxis Campaign (which ...
Molenberghs Geert - - 2005
Recent scientific evolutions force us to rethink our profession's position on the scientific map, in relation to our neighboring professions, the ones with which we traditionally have strong collaborative links as well as the newly emerging fields, but also within our own, diverse professional group. We will show that great ...
Akarsu Saadet - - 2005
The aim is to examine whether the changes in pleural fluid interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, and IL-8 levels were significant in differential diagnosis of childhood pleural effusions. IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, and IL-8 levels in pleural fluids of all 36 patients were measured. The levels of IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, and IL-8 ...
Reddel H K - - 2005
Peak expiratory flow (PEF) monitoring is recommended in asthma guidelines as a tool for assessing severity, monitoring response to treatment, detecting exacerbations, identifying triggers, and providing objective justification for treatment to the patient, but some clinicians have expressed concerns about its relevance in the management of asthma. We have identified ...
Rancé F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A cross-sectional, descriptive, questionnaire-based survey was conducted in Toulouse schools to determine the prevalence of food allergies among schoolchildren. OBJECTIVES: The first goal of the survey was to estimate the prevalence of food allergies. The second goal was to determine the main characteristics of the allergies. METHODS: The questionnaires ...
Moneret-Vautrin Denise A - - 2005
Adult food allergy is estimated at approximately 3.2% worldwide. The persistence of childhood food allergy is unusual, peanut allergies excepted. Once established in adults, food allergy is rarely cured. Factors favoring the acquisition of allergy could be sensitization to pollens, occupational sensitization by inhalation, drugs (such as tacrolimus), and sudden ...
Rodriguez Darlene - - 2005
The Arizona-Mexico border consists of 375 square miles of rural desert where temperature extremes, excessive sun exposure, and a lack of food and water are common. The desert poses an especially deadly threat to immigrants who attempt to cross it on foot. In an effort to smuggle humans across this ...
Hu Wendy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Food allergies in children are becoming more common causing concern for parents, child carers, teachers and school principals. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide practical information on childhood food allergies and their ongoing management including assessment, prescription of self or carer administered adrenaline, emergency action plans, patient education, school ...
Ameni Gobena - - 2004
A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of epizootic lymphangitis (EL) in 309 cart-mules (cart-pulling mules) in Bako and Ejaji towns, Western Ethiopia using clinical and microbiological examinations, between November 2002 and April 2003. The overall prevalence was 21% (CI=16.6-26%). The clinical, histological and mycological characteristics of EL ...
Falcão H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and epidemiological features of self-reported food hypersensitivity in Portuguese adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Participants were selected by random digit dialing among residents of Porto. SUBJECTS: In total, 659 individuals over 39 y were asked to recall the occurrence of food hypersensitivity, and to describe the ...
Fox A T - - 2004
The case of a 14-month-old boy with vitamin D deficiency rickets as a result of unsupervised dietary manipulation in the context of cow's milk allergy is presented. Adequate supervision by a qualified dietician, coupled with appropriate supplementation, is essential if nutritional compromise is to be avoided in children with food ...
Nakagaki Toshiyuki - - 2004
To evaluate performance in a complex survival task, we studied the morphology of the Physarum plasmodium transportation network when presented with multiple separate food sources. The plasmodium comprises a network of tubular elements through which chemical nutrient, intracellular signals and the viscous body are transported and circulated. When three separate ...
Cohen Benjamin L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is potentially severe, affects approximately 5% of children, and requires numerous measures for food avoidance to maintain health. The effect of this disease on health-related quality of life (HRQL) has been documented by using generic instruments, but no disease-specific instrument is available. OBJECTIVE: To create a validated, ...
Rancé Fabienne - - 2004
Up to 6% of young children and 2% of adults suffer from food allergy. Among them many have IgE-mediated food allergy, a condition with potentially fatal allergic reactions. The only proven treatment is avoidance of the offending food, which can be identified using standardised allergic tests. However, several studies have ...
Bolhaar S T H P - - 2004
Jackfruit allergy has been reported just once. It is unknown whether this food allergy is caused by direct sensitization or cross-sensitization to pollen allergens. Establish whether jackfruit allergy is linked to birchpollen allergy. Two jackfruit allergic patients and five patients with birchpollen-related apple allergy were recruited. Sensitization to pollen and ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2004
Novel approaches to the treatment and prevention of IgE-mediated food allergy include anti-IgE, food allergy vaccines, herbal preparations, and probiotics. They bring real hope to the patients for whom no specific therapy is available. These immunomodulatory therapies have to be evaluated carefully for potential side effects, such as overstimulation of ...
Schuller Diane E - - 2004
Food allergy is a common problem that often affects young children. Numerous factors affect the development of food allergy both prenatally and postnatally. These factors are genetic and environmental. Although little can be done post-conception to alter a child's genetic risk for developing food allergy, early identification may permit alterations ...
Weiss Christopher - - 2004
Food allergies affect 11 million Americans, including 6-8% of children. The rate of peanut allergies in children doubled from 1997 to 2002. There is no cure; therefore, strict avoidance of the allergen is the only way to avoid a reaction. Fatalities are associated with delays in or lack of epinephrine ...
Agne P S E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sesame seed allergy is becoming more common in childhood. The aim of this study is to define the clinical signs and the results of allergological work-up of this food allergy as well as the demographical data in children. Sesame seed allergy outcome is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 14 children ...
Chung Sun G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate quantitatively biomechanic changes in the passive properties of hemiplegic spastic ankles. DESIGN: Evaluation of spastic hypertonia by moving the ankle joint slowly between dorsiflexion and plantarflexion extreme positions under controlled joint torque and position. SETTING: Institutional research center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four stroke patients with spastic ankles and 32 ...
James John M - - 2004
Food allergy offers numerous opportunities and challenges for the allergy and clinical immunology specialist. Physicians with board certification in allergy and clinical immunology should be the main source of reliable clinical information to educate patients with food-related disorders. There has been a wealth of reliable information published related to food ...
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