Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 840
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Lee Winson C C - - 2006
Monolimb refers to a kind of trans-tibial prostheses with the socket and shank moulded into one piece of thermoplastic material. If properly designed, the shank of a monolimb can deflect which may compensate for the lost ankle plantarflexion and dorsiflexion to some extent. However, provision of shank flexibility is usually ...
Hiller Wolfgang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 2 major components of tinnitus severity, loudness and annoyance, and their degree of dependence on characteristics of tinnitus manifestation, history, and etiology. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey performed during the first months of 2004. SETTING: Nonclinical population. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4995 members of the German Tinnitus League. ...
Green Eric - - 2006
We report a rational approach to the construction of cross-reactive arrays for steroids consisting of five to seven sensors incorporating modified oligonucleotides. The sensors for our arrays were selected to maximize their differential responses to the two steroids most different in an arbitrarily chosen parameter named "shape-length". The arrays incorporated ...
Carroccio A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation is common in the general population. Some studies have shown that in children cow's milk protein hypersensitivity can cause chronic constipation unresponsive to laxative treatment. AIMS: To review the literature and summarize the data that point to a relationship between refractory chronic constipation and food hypersensitivity, and ...
Grimshaw Kate E C - - 2006
Currently, the only treatment for any food hypersensitivity (including food allergy) is the dietary avoidance of the causative allergen, using an elimination diet. In addition to being used for the management of food hypersensitivity, an elimination diet may also be used in the diagnosis of food allergy. Dietary exclusion should ...
Narayan Sanjiv M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study fluctuations in intracardiac atrial fibrillation (AF) cycle length (CL). Background: Sites of short AF CL may be good ablation targets, and cycle lengthening predicts ablation success. However, the optimum method for measuring AF CL, and its stability, are unclear. We hypothesized that autocorrelation better estimates AF CL ...
David Hanna - - 2007
A number of studies have found that Ashkenazi Jews in the United States have a high average IQ. It has been proposed by Cochran, Hardy and Harpending (2006) that this can be explained by the occupational constraints imposed on the Ashkenazi for many centuries in Europe, when they were largely ...
Garcia Sandra - - 2007
Hyperpolarized xenon associated with ligand derivatized cryptophane-A cages has been developed as a NMR based biosensor. To optimize the detection sensitivity we describe use of xenon exchange between the caged and bulk dissolved xenon as an effective signal amplifier. This approach, somewhat analogous to 'remote detection' described recently, uses the ...
Assa'ad Amal H - - 2006
GI symptoms are a common manifestation of food allergy and intolerance. The primary physician is the first to evaluate these symptoms. A systematic evaluation using an accurate and detailed history, tests to identify the offending food(s), and procedures that may identify underlying pathologic disorders of the GI tract would lead ...
Piazza-Waggoner Carrie - - 2006
Barriers to successful outcome for cystic fibrosis (CF) therapies can include distance from a CF care center, co-morbid conditions that require individualized alterations to the prescribed treatment, and patient-provider interactions, among others. We present the case of a 21-month-old female with CF for whom modifications of an efficacious behavioral and ...
Fiocchi Alessandro - - 2006
Food allergy is a modifiable disease, and at present its only form of management is dietary elimination of the offending food or foods. Success depends on the modification of four sources of food-related risk: underestimation of the food allergy problem; ignorance of cross-reacting allergens in other foods; unsupportive or uninformed ...
Richter S - - 2007
The contribution of bioconcentration and biomagnification of 14C-terbutryn and 14C-benzo[a]pyrene via food and water to the bioaccumulation in Gammarus fossarum and Asellus aquaticus was investigated in single species-tests. In this investigation the uptake of 14C-terbutryn and 14C-benzo[a]pyrene via food and water by G. fossarum (L.) and A. aquaticus (L.) was ...
Jobst Detmar - - 2006
Patients with unspecific symptoms were sometimes tested for Candida. In case of findings of this yeast-like fungus in their stools they often were labelled with the diagnosis of a "Candida-syndrome". This comprises headache, weakness, flatulence, ravenous appetite for sweets, itching skin and several more unspecific symptoms. All 500 randomly sampled ...
Bowling Nathan A - - 2006
Although workplace harassment affects the lives of many employees, until recently it has been relatively ignored in the organizational psychology literature. First, the authors introduced an attribution- and reciprocity-based model that explains the link between harassment and its potential causes and consequences. The authors then conducted a meta-analysis to examine ...
Ko Jimmy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasing. Use of CAM in food-allergic patients has not previously been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of CAM use, the types of CAM modalities used, and opinions about CAM in food-allergic patients. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to attendees at ...
Bischoff Stephan C - - 2006
Nausea and vomiting are symptoms associated with a wide variety of diseases and particular life conditions, such as pregnancy. The symptoms may occur in acute form or chronically depending on the underlying pathogenesis. In some cases, nausea and vomiting are directly triggered by food, e.g. in patients suffering from food ...
Russell G A - - 2007
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is probably the most studied aspect of energy metabolism in vertebrate endotherms. Numerous papers have explored its mass allometry, phylogenetic and ecological relationships, and ontogeny. Implicit in many of these studies (and explicit in some) is the view that BMR responds to selection, which requires repeatability ...
Radvanska Eva - - 2006
PURPOSE: We evaluated combination treatment with desmopressin and oxybutynin in patients with enuresis who did not respond to desmopressin monotherapy. Furthermore, we compared 2 methods of estimating bladder capacity and evaluated the ability of these methods to predict the response to desmopressin and oxybutynin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Urquhart K A - - 2006
The carcases of 230 wild, culled red deer (Cervus elaphus) were examined for the presence of bullet wounds and permanent wound tracts to determine the prevalence and significance of wounds involving the head, legs or carcase trunk. Head wounds were found in 17 (7.4 per cent) of the carcases and ...
Pant Harshita - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic mucus chronic rhinosinusitis (EMCRS) can be subclassified using the criteria of detection of fungi in eosinophilic mucus and systemic fungal allergy. Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS), a subgroup of EMCRS characterized by the presence of fungal allergy, is proposed to be an immunoglobulin (Ig)E-driven disease, distinct from other EMCRS ...
Fiocchi Alessandro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To make recommendations based on a critical review of the evidence for the timing of the introduction of solid foods and its possible role in the development of food allergy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE searches using the following search algorithm: [weaning AND infant AND allergy]/[food allergy AND sensitization]/[dietary prevention AND ...
Livingston Louisa R Powell - - 2006
Shame is a powerful, universal experience; yet because of its painful, secretive nature, it often remains an underground affect for many therapists. On behalf of our patients and ourselves, we must de-stigmatize it. My aim is to further a dialogue among group therapists about processing our own shame, by openly ...
Burton Elizabeth A - - 2006
Shigellosis is a diarrheal disease caused by the gram-negative bacterium Shigella flexneri. Following ingestion of the bacterium, S. flexneri interferes with innate immunity, establishes an infection within the human colon, and initiates an inflammatory response that results in destruction of the tissue lining the gut. Examination of host cell factors ...
Marcus Gary F - - 2006
Against a background of recent progress in developmental neuroscience, some of which has been taken as challenging to the modularity hypothesis of , this article contrasts two competing conceptions of modularity: sui generis modularity, according to which modules are treated as independent neurocognitive entities that owe nothing to one another, ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review assesses the role of food allergy in the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease, colic and constipation in infancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Frequent regurgitation, persistent crying and constipation are common clinical problems in infancy. A subgroup of infants with these conditions may respond to hypoallergenic diets, but ...
Ségal Alain - - 2006
The author believes that there has been insufficient explanation of the use of the instruments described by the medieval English Surgeon John Arderne, to treat fistula in ano. Examining the existing manuscripts which describe the instruments and the operations, brings to light some problems of interpretation, particularly in relation to ...
Shreffler Wayne G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is a common and severe phenotype of food allergy with a strong genetic component; HLA class II polymorphisms are attractive candidate genes for this disorder. Objective: To determine possible genotypic associations of HLA class II with peanut allergy and attempt replication of previously reported associations. METHODS: Sibling ...
Sampson Margaret A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fatal food-allergic reactions are most common among adolescents and young adults. OBJECTIVE: To gain insight toward devising interventions, we queried risk-taking behaviors and coping strategies of persons age 13 to 21 years with food allergy. METHODS: We used an Internet-based anonymous questionnaire devised on the basis of data from ...
Münter K C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of the sustained silver-releasing foam dressing Contreet Foam (ColoplastA/S) with local best practice (LBP) on delayed healing ulcers using a real-life setting. METHOD: A total of 619 patients with ulcers of varying aetiologies were treated for four weeks with either the silver foam dressing or ...
Tarini Beth A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence that early solid feeding (before age 4 months) increases the risk of allergic disease. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Drugs and Pharmacology section of EMBASE with key words "infant," "food," and "allergy." STUDY SELECTION: We found 2719 article citations and reviewed references ...
Parentin Fulvio - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe a previously unreported case of polymicrobial mycotic keratitis caused by an association between Candida lusitaniae, C. parapsilosis, and Geotrichum candidum. METHODS: A three-year-old child with an antecedent trauma with vegetable matter and a prolonged use of corticosteroid eyedrops developed fungal keratitis. RESULTS: The isolates of the corneal ...
Bright David A - - 2006
Judges assume that gruesome evidence can influence juror verdicts, but little is known about the manner in which the influence is manifested. In a 2 x 3 study that varied the gruesome content of photographic and verbal evidence, gruesome verbal evidence did not influence mock juror emotional states, and had ...
Bhombal Shazia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Food allergies in childhood have been found to vary in frequency from 6% to 8% in the general population. Previous studies indicate milk allergy affects approximately 2.5% of infants and egg allergy has been estimated at 1.6% to 2.6%. Numerous allergists believe that the prevalence of food allergies is ...
Ahmed K S - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Since the discovery of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), much progress has been made worldwide in the field of its epidemiology. In spite of these advancements, many aspects of epidemiology still remain unclear, particularly among populations with low socio-economic status. The present study was designed to elucidate the different routes ...
Chin Hung-Yen - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of delivery on the pelvic floor and whether cesarean section (C/S) can prevent pelvic floor injury. Five hundred thirty nine women were divided into three groups according to the delivery method adopted: elective C/S, emergent C/S, and vaginal delivery. A ...
Clark Sunday - - 2006
PURPOSE: Little is known about the role of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for identification of specific allergic reactions in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Investigators in 10 EDs reviewed 1395 charts of consecutive patients presenting with food allergy (ICD-9-CM codes 693.1 and 995.60 to ...
Thompson Michele M - - 2006
Although many providers believe that up to 30% of atopic dermatitis (AD) is food induced, food challenge studies show that food-induced eczematous reactions are rare. When food allergy is suggested to cause AD, it often leads to allergy testing with a high false-positivity rate, in turn further focusing parents on ...
Lebovidge Jennifer S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Food allergy affects up to 8% of children. Unintentional exposure may result in minor to potentially fatal episodes. Management of allergies depends on strict allergen avoidance and emergency preparedness. The demands of allergy management and concerns for the child's safety may place parents at risk of developing emotional distress ...
McIntosh C D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Anecdotal reports suggest that certain honey dressings have a positive effect on wound healing. However, there is limited empirical evidence supporting its use. This double-blind randomised controlled trial investigated the effect of a honey dressing on wound healing following toenail surgery with matrix phenolisation. METHOD: Participants (n=100) were randomly ...
Bollinger Mary E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Food allergy affects a significant number of children, and its management requires considerable time and vigilance. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of food allergy on the daily activities of food allergic children and their families. METHODS: Caregivers of food allergic children from a university-based allergy practice completed a questionnaire ...
Zakas A - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of the investigation was to examine in field conditions the acute effects of passive stretching after a general warming-up bout as well as the effects of passive stretching alone. METHODS: Eighteen adolescent team soccer players participated in this study performing 3 different flexibility-training protocols in separate training ...
Hidalgo Oriane - - 2006
The precise generic delimitation of the Rhaponticum group is not totally resolved. The lack of knowledge of the relationships between the basal genera of Centaureinae could imply that genera whose position is as yet unresolved could belong to the Rhaponticum group. On the other hand, the affinities among the genera ...
Lin Zhi-Hua - - 2006
Caudal autotomy is a defense mechanism used by numerous lizards to evade predators, but this entails costs. We collected 294 adult Chinese skinks (Eumeces chinensis) from a population in Lishui (eastern China) to evaluate energetic and locomotor costs of tail loss. Of the 294 skinks, 214 (c. 73%) had previously ...
Zuercher Adrian W - - 2006
In westernized countries allergic diseases have reached epidemic proportions. Food is frequently a perpetrator of allergy but, in turn, modified food and selected food ingredients can become valuable intervention tools in the fight against allergy. There are two basic approaches towards mitigation of food allergy through nutrition: to reduce the ...
Dreskin Stephen C - - 2006
Allergic reactions to foods are an important medical problem throughout the industrialized world. The occurrence of food allergy appears to be strongly influenced by genetics, but the basis of the genetic predisposition to food allergy has not been differentiated from that for atopy in general. In addition, genetic susceptibility alone ...
Sampson Hugh A - - 2006
There is no universal agreement on the definition of anaphylaxis or the criteria for diagnosis. In July 2005, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network convened a second meeting on anaphylaxis, which included representatives from 16 different organizations or government bodies, including representatives ...
Lee Laurie A - - 2006
A significant proportion of the population is either affected by or concerned about food allergy. Our knowledge about food allergens and how they stimulate the immune system has increased dramatically over the past decade. However, reasons for the increased prevalence of food allergy are not clear. The diagnosis of food ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2006
Food allergy encompasses a variety of immune-mediated adverse reactions to foods. IgE-mediated, cell-mediated, and mixed-mechanism food allergy disorders are recognized. Over the past 2 decades, the prevalence of food allergy doubled and its phenotypic expression increased in Westernized societies. Major food allergens have been identified for many common foods. Laboratory ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2006
The past two decades have witnessed an increase in prevalence of food allergy that has been matched with a tremendous progress in research that has led to better understanding of pathogenic mechanisms and development of novel therapies for food allergy. Establishment of murine models of peanut and cow's milk allergy ...
Mills E N Clare - - 2006
Through the EU-funded InformAll project a stakeholder consultation was conducted to solicit the views of different stakeholders (allergic consumers, health professionals, retailers, manufacturers, caterers, regulators and risk assessors, and the general public) regarding what information about food allergy is required by these stakeholders. The outcomes of this consultation are presented ...
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