Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 840
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Rona Roberto J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty about the prevalence of food allergy in communities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of food allergy by performing a meta-analysis according to the method of assessment used. METHODS: The foods assessed were cow's milk, hen's egg, peanut, fish, shellfish, and an overall estimate of food allergy. ...
Colacioppo Priscila Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the use of local anaesthetics, in the presence or absence of vasoconstrictors, for perineal repair during spontaneous delivery. DESIGN: double-blind, randomised-controlled trial. SETTING: a birth centre, in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: from June to December 2004, a total of 96 women were allocated into ...
Mills E N C - - 2007
The development of effective management strategies to optimize the quality of life for allergic patients is currently hampered by a lack of good quality information. Estimates of how many individuals suffer from food allergy and the major foods involved vary widely and inadequacies of in vitro diagnostics make food challenges ...
Gill K Peter - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures experiment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of changes in horizontal lift distance on the amount of flexion, at lift onset, in different spine regions when using different lift styles. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: By approximating spine bending during lifting as a pure rotation about a single ...
Temblay Jeffrey N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in antigen presentation and regulation of immune responses; however, their involvement in food allergy remains to be fully understood. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate T(H)1-T(H)2 reciprocal regulation of DCs' function in the gut and systemic immune system and its effect on ...
Omata Nemuko - - 2008
Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIE) is a severe, cell-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity typically provoked by cow's milk [Joint Task Force of AAAAI and ACAAI Food allergy: a practice parameter. XVII. Differential diagnosis of adverse reaction to foods. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 96(3 Suppl 2):S40-S44 (2006)]. We present an infant who developed ...
Mullins Raymond J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine changing demand for specialist food allergy services for children aged 0-5 years over the 12 years from 1995 to 2006 as an index of changing prevalence. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of the records of 1489 children aged 0-5 years referred to a community-based specialist allergy ...
Jin Chunyuan - - 2007
Nucleosomes containing the histone variant H3.3 tend to be clustered in vivo in the neighborhood of transcriptionally active genes and over regulatory elements. It has not been clear, however, whether H3.3-containing nucleosomes possess unique properties that would affect transcription. We report here that H3.3 nucleosomes isolated from vertebrates, regardless of ...
Keil Thomas - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To appraise critically recent unselected population-based studies to establish the "true" prevalence or incidence of subjective and objective food allergy, and of food sensitization. RECENT FINDINGS: Five recent studies in children (< 10 years), and one in adults (60-97 years) were identified. Three studies in children (UK ...
Simpson Alyson B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coexisting food allergy and asthma is a significant problem in the pediatric population. Studies have looked at the association between food sensitization and asthma severity. It is unknown whether specific food allergies are associated with increased asthma morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We studied the independent effect that allergy to egg, milk, ...
Berns Stephen H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between food allergy and asthma morbidity in adults. METHODS: We interviewed a cohort of persistent asthmatics from an inner-city clinic. Allergies to food were assessed by patient report of convincing symptoms of acute allergic reactions. Outcome variables included health ...
Fleischer David M - - 2007
Peanut and tree nut allergies were once thought to be permanent. Recent studies have shown that about 20% and 10%, respectively, of young patients may outgrow peanut and tree nut allergies. For the majority of patients, however, the natural history is not favorable. In addition, approximately 8% of patients who ...
Kaza Ujwala - - 2007
Both genetic and environmental factors seem to predispose to the development of food allergy. A most notable factor is diet, particularly during infancy. Possible other factors include maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation, birth by cesarean section, exposure to tobacco smoke, multivitamin supplementation, and intake of antacids. It is important ...
Calder Andrew J AJ MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK. - - 2007
The anterior insula has been implicated in coding disgust from facial, pictorial and olfactory cues, and in the experience of this emotion. Personality research has shown considerable variation in individuals' trait propensity to experience disgust ('disgust sensitivity'). Our study explored the neural expression of this trait, and demonstrates that individual ...
Schwenk Wolfgang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Randomised, controlled trials (RCT) and systematic reviews of RCT with meta-analysis are considered to be of highest methodological quality and therefore are given the highest level of evidence (Ia/b). Although, "low-quality" RCT may be downgraded to level of evidence IIb, the methodological quality of each individual RCT is not ...
Münstedt K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Some toothpastes, cosmetics and ointments contain propolis, a bee product, and it is increasingly popular as a dietary supplement. Although propolis is known to cause contact allergy, there have been no studies of the prevalence of this. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of contact allergy to ...
Keet Corinne A - - 2007
Food allergy is a common cause of anaphylaxis, and its incidence is rising. The development of allergy is multifactorial, and the mechanisms of tolerance are complex. The natural history of food allergy varies by causative food; some allergies are mostly outgrown, while others are usually life-long. Anaphylaxis caused by food ...
de Blok B M J - - 2007
This state of the art paper has been developed through EuroPrevall, a European multicentre research project funded by the European Union which aims to improve quality of life for food allergic individuals. Food allergy (whether clinically diagnosed or self-perceived) represents a major health issue in Western societies and may have ...
Napolitano F - - 2007
The present study was aimed to assess the effect of information about the farming system and welfare of artificially (AR) and ewe-reared lambs (ER) on meat acceptability. An 84-consumer panel was asked to give three types of evaluation for both products: tasting without information (perceived liking); information without tasting (expected ...
Santos R G - - 2007
The use of the hallucinogenic brew ayahuasca, obtained from infusing the shredded stalk of the malpighiaceous plant Banisteriopsis caapi with the leaves of other plants such as Psychotria viridis, is growing in urban centers of Europe, South and North America in the last several decades. Despite this diffusion, little is ...
Vierk Katherine A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies in the United States have determined the prevalence of food allergy in adults and the problems these individuals might have with reading food labels. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to report the prevalence of self-reported food allergy, to identify the characteristics of food allergy ...
Fogel W A - - 2007
Biogenic mono-, di- and poly-amines are widely distributed among living organisms. The amines fulfil many important functions in the human body both in the periphery and brain. Some authors suggest that foods rich in biogenic amines, especially histamine, present high health hazards for consumers. However, this is conditional on a ...
Allen Clare Wendy - - 2007
Egg allergy is one of the most common food allergies in childhood affecting about 1-2% of preschool children and differs in a number of ways from other common childhood food allergies such as cows milk and peanut. Common egg allergens are altered both by heat and gastric enzymes. Compared with ...
Peeters, K.A.B.M.
This thesis demonstrates that the use of purified allergens and techniques such as NMR spectroscopy has the potential to improve current diagnostic capabilities. It also shows that lupine allergy is fairly common in The Netherlands. Characteristics of lupine allergy such as the eliciting dose and the severity of symptoms closely ...
Fujitani Shinobu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) in prebiotic foods can alter intestinal immune responses. The combination of probiotics with oligosaccharides has been reported to alter intestinal flora and suggested to be beneficial against food allergy in humans. METHODS: All male Nc/jic mice used in this 8-week study were 6 weeks of age and ...
Jayasooriya Shamanthi - - 2007
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome is a severe cell-mediated, non-immunoglobulin E-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy, typically to milk and soy. It may masquerade as more common pediatric presentations, where the temporal relationship between symptomatology and exposure to food offers a vital clue to the underlying pathology. A case of food protein-induced enterocolitis ...
Collyer Sally - - 2007
The messa di voce, in its pure form a crescendo and decrescendo on one note, has been revered for centuries in classical singing, but the pedagogical assumptions of linearity and symmetry have received little critical assessment, especially across a wide fundamental frequency (F0) range. Five trained female classical singers performed ...
Long Hongan - - 2007
Definitions of the genera Entorhipidium and Madsenia have been updated on the basis of the results of studies on the living morphology and infraciliature of the endocommensal ciliates, Entorhipidium fukuii Uyemura, 1934 and Madsenia indomita (Madsen, 1931) Kahl, 1934, isolated from digestive tracts of the sea urchin, Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus. Entorhipidium ...
Coulson Neil S - - 2007
The aims of this study were to explore the reasons for participation in an online support group for individuals affected by food allergy, its perceived advantages and disadvantages as well as impact on the relationship with healthcare providers. A total of 32 members of the Food Allergy Survivors Together (F.A.S.T.) ...
Bischoff Stephan C - - 2007
Food incompatibilities affect approximately 20% of the general population in Western countries. In about one quarter of the affected children and one tenth of affected adults, the incompatibility is based on an allergy, that is, on an immunologically generated incompatibility reaction. Gastrointestinal symptoms occur in a third of these cases. ...
Dalla Bella Simone - - 2007
Most believe that the ability to carry a tune is unevenly distributed in the general population. To test this claim, we asked occasional singers (n=62) to sing a well-known song in both the laboratory and in a natural setting (experiment 1). Sung performances were judged by peers for proficiency, analyzed ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2007
Food allergy has emerged as an important target for research on curative treatment and prevention, with most efforts focusing on peanut, cow's milk, and egg allergy. This article reviews the recent developments in the potential treatments for IgE-mediated food allergy using native and engineered recombinant food proteins.
Campos Eduardo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The gene encoding CD14 is a positional candidate gene for allergic diseases as it is localized on chromosome 5q31, a region that is linked to atopy-related phenotypes. Although it has been shown that a polymorphism in the 5' region of the CD14 gene is associated with food allergy in ...
Alonso R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Birch pollen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) decreases allergy to foods containing birch pollen-homologous allergens. Cross-reactivity was also observed between plane tree pollen and some vegetable foods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outgrowing of food allergy by patients suffering from vegetable food allergy associated with plane tree ...
Lack Gideon - - 2007
The conventional wisdom is that early exposure to allergenic food proteins during pregnancy, lactation, or infancy leads to food allergies, and that prevention strategies should therefore aim to eliminate allergenic food proteins during pregnancy, breastfeeding, and early childhood. Prolonged exclusive breastfeeding and delayed weaning onto solid foods is therefore seen ...
Armitage Christopher J - - 2007
This study tested discontinuity patterns across the stages of change. Fat intake, theory of planned behaviour (TPB) variables, and felt and potential ambivalence were assessed in 16-17 year olds (N = 187). Across the stages of change there were: (a) linear increases in TPB variables, (b) linear decreases in fat ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
OBJECT: The neurosurgical literature is lacking information on the so-called foramen arcuale. When this foramen is present, the vertebral artery (VA) travels through it after exiting the transverse foramen of the atlas and prior to entering the cranium. METHODS: The authors performed a study in 60 cadavers to determine the ...
Otto Hans F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many foods can cause food allergies. Grapple(R) is just one of many new fruits recently introduced into grocery stores. OBJECTIVE: To describe 2 unique patients with food allergies after consuming a unique food, a Grapple. METHODS: Commercial skin prick testing, fresh fruit prick-prick and radioallergosorbent testing were used to ...
Steinke Mathias - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is targeted as a public health priority by the European Union Commission. Parental perception of food allergy in their offspring is a proxy measure of the potential demand for allergy medicine services in the paediatric population. METHODS: A representative sample of the general population was contacted by ...
Patten Scott B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Several community studies have identified associations between allergies and depressive symptoms. In this study, we evaluated the association between self-reported allergies and several Axis I disorders in a community population. METHOD: The data source was the 2002 Canadian Community Health Study. This study included the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, ...
Asero Riccardo - - 2007
In June 2005, the work of the EU Integrated Project EuroPrevall was started. EuroPrevall is the largest research project on food allergy ever performed in Europe. Major aims of the project are to generate for the first time reliable data on the prevalence of food allergies across Europe and on ...
Ferreira Cristina Targa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present an up-to-date and critical review regarding food allergies, focusing mainly on treatment and prevention. SOURCES: Review of published literature searched on MEDLINE database; those data which were the most up-to-date and representative were selected (2000-2006). The search included the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition ...
Chiu Yu-Hsien - - 2007
This work proposes a novel approach to translate Chinese to Taiwanese sign language and to synthesize sign videos. An aligned bilingual corpus of Chinese and Taiwanese Sign Language (TSL) with linguistic and signing information is also presented for sign language translation. A two-pass alignment in syntax level and phrase level ...
Kelly S A M - - 2007
There is increasing evidence from observational studies that wholegrains can have a beneficial effect on risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). The primary objective is to review the current evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that assess the relationship between the consumption of wholegrain foods and the effects on ...
Renault Neil K - - 2007
The increase in prevalence of food allergies generates a need for more accurate and reliable quantitative allergy testing in order to help diagnosis. In this short review, we briefly outline the history of food allergy testing and extend our comments to current multiplex techniques. Particular emphasis is given to new ...
Malik V - - 2007
Food allergy is often thought to be a cause of rhinitis by patients, whose views are frequently influenced by information obtained from the Internet. The incidence of food allergy in children is 2-8 per cent, although a vast majority will grow out of it, and food allergy is actually very ...
Azadi Seifollah - - 2007
The rd1 mouse is a relevant model for studying the mechanisms of photoreceptor degeneration in retinitis pigmentosa. Treatment with ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in combination with brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is known to rescue photoreceptors in cultured rd1 retinal explants. To shed light on the underlying mechanisms, we studied ...
Enrique Ernesto - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy may be life threatening and its management continues to consist of avoiding relevant allergens and, in the case of accidental ingestion, initiation of appropriate emergency therapy. The aim of this article is to describe current treatment approaches and discuss attempts to use specific immunotherapy for ...
Hutchison Paul - - 2006
In two studies (Ns=163, 164), the authors tested the prediction that perceptions of group variability can steer and guide the way that loyalty is expressed in times of identity threat. In both studies, participants were classified as lower or higher identifiers on the basis of their scores on a group ...
Ozol Duygu - - 2006
The increasing prevalence of both asthma and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are major health problems. One hundred twenty-five patients with asthma and 95 healthy subjects were included in this study. The rate of IBS was 29.6% and 12.7% (p < 0.005), and the incidence of food allergy was 7.2% and ...
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