Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 840
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Takaoka M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To study associations between diet, respiratory symptoms and allergy among female university students in Japan. METHODS: A standardised questionnaire was distributed to students in Kobe and Kamakura (N=153). Multiple logistic/linear regression was applied, controlling for age, smoking, heredity and diet. RESULTS: Totally 15.7% reported doctor-diagnosed asthma, 3.3% current asthma ...
Guest Julian F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the decision by Kela (The Social Insurance Institution) to adopt guidelines for the management of food allergies in children, developed by the Finnish Medical Society Duodecim, as the basis for reimbursing clinical nutrition preparations for the treatment of cow milk allergy (CMA) in Finland. ...
Noimark Lee - - 2008
Food allergy is becoming an increasing problem worldwide with an estimated 6-8% of children affected at some point in their childhood. The perceived prevalence of food allergy is even higher with an estimated 20% of children adhering to some form of elimination diet. Against this background, accurate diagnosis is essential ...
Wang Wenjun - - 2008
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3) plays a pivotal role in tumor progression. Atypical nevi are nonobligate risk markers of melanoma, affording investigators a target for evaluation of progression biomarkers in vivo. pSTAT1tyr701 (pSTAT1) and pSTAT3tyr705 (pSTAT3) oppose one another in biological function. Therefore, an analysis of phosphorylated STAT1 ...
Prescott Susan L - - 2008
Rising rates of food allergies in early childhood reflect increasing failure of early immune tolerance mechanisms. There is mounting concern that the current recommended practice of delaying complementary foods until 6 months of age may increase, rather than decrease, the risk of immune disorders. Tolerance to food allergens appears to ...
Hu Wendy - - 2008
A significant body of food allergy research has been conducted with families recruited from consumer organizations (COs). However, there has been no systematic comparison of the characteristics of such families with those attending specialist allergy clinics (ACs), nor have parental views on food allergy COs been examined in detail. To ...
Lu Runhua - - 2008
Enantiodifferentiating photoisomerization of (Z)-cyclooctene included and sensitized by m-methoxybenzoyl-beta-cyclodextrin gave chiral (E)-isomers in up to 46% enantiomeric excess, which is the highest value ever reported for supramolecular photochirogenesis with analogous hosts, thus demonstrating the crucial role of the sensitizer-spacer moiety in supramolecular photochirogenic systems.
Sidor Katarzyna - - 2008
The prevalence of food allergies increased over the past decade. Most symptoms of food allergy appear during the first 2 yr of life. The aim of this study was to determine the beta-casomorphin-5 and -7 (BCMs) in colostrum and milk of 12 breast-feeding women with a history and clinical manifestation ...
Campos Alberto Eduardo Jose - - 2008
The regulatory IL-10 and TGF-beta1 cytokine gene polymorphisms have been associated with allergic diseases in different populations, like Caucasian, Chinese and Indians. We investigated the association between the polymorphisms IL-10 A-1082G, C-819T, C-627A and TGF-beta1 T+869C, G+915C, C-509T and food allergy in Japanese children. One hundred and eleven children with ...
Kolisek Frank R - - 2009
The problem of early mechanical stability of cemented and cementless keels of the tibial component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. The purpose of this study was to assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of a cohort of 51 TKAs using a cemented platform with cementless keel fixation. At a ...
Terwee Caroline B - - 2008
Food allergy may constitute a major burden to children and their families. A 3-year-old girl was intolerant to milk, sugar, egg white, pork meat, and other foods, causing eczema and dyspnoe. She was treated with Nambudripad's Allergy Elimnation Technique (NAET), a combination of kinesiology and acupressure. After 7 treatment sessions ...
Svec Jan G - - 2008
There has been a lack of objective data on the singing voice registers, particularly on the so called "whistle" register, occurring in the top part of the female pitch range, which is accessible only to some singers. This study offers unique strobolaryngoscopic and high-speed (7812.5 imagess) videokymographic data on the ...
Burnham Denis - - 2008
Caption rate and text reduction are factors that appear to affect the comprehension of captions by people who are deaf or hard of hearing. These 2 factors are confounded in everyday captioning; rate (in words per minute) is slowed by text reduction. In this study, caption rate and text reduction ...
Gupta Ruchi S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy prevalence is increasing in US children. Presently, the primary means of preventing potentially fatal reactions are avoidance of allergens, prompt recognition of food allergy reactions, and knowledge about food allergy reaction treatments. Focus groups were held as a preliminary step in the development of validated survey instruments ...
Pirouzmand Farhad - - 2008
The geometric configuration of the skull is complex and unique to each individual. This study provides a new technique to define the outline of skull profile and attempt to find the common factors defining the ultimate skull configuration in adult population. Ninety-three lateral skull x-ray from the computed tomographic scan ...
Taylor Steve L - - 2008
Food allergies affect approximately 3.5-4.0% of the worldwide population. Immediate-type food allergies are mediated by the production of IgE antibodies to specific proteins that occur naturally in allergenic foods. Symptoms are individually variable ranging from mild rashes and hives to life-threatening anaphylactic shock. Seafood allergies are among the most common ...
Boyle Robert J - - 2008
Recurrent peanut allergy has been described in patients who have previously passed an oral food challenge [N Engl J Med 2002;347:1535-1536]. It has been suggested that recurrent peanut allergy might be prevented by regular ingestion of peanut subsequent to passing an oral food challenge [J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;114:1195-1201]. We ...
Ozol Duygu - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy associated clinical and social burdens have increased substantially in prevalence in the past decade. Coexisting asthma is a significant problem as food reactions tend to be more severe when they involve the lung. Food allergy also increases asthma morbidity in adults and children. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Rikkinen Jouko - - 2008
Phyllopsora dominicanus sp. nov. (Bacidiaceae, Lecanorales, lichen-forming Ascomycota) is described and illustrated from Dominican amber. The diagnostic features of the lichen include a minute subfolious thallus of lacinulate, ascending squamules, a well-developed upper cortex, and a net-like pseudocortex on the lower surface. The algal symbionts are unicellular green algae, forming ...
Kreuz Wolfhart - - 2008
One of the primary and most serious treatment-related complications in haemophilia A is the formation of anti-factor VIM (FVIII) antibodies, which significantly impacts patient care. For these patients, immunomodulatory therapy becomes important to induce immunological tolerance to FVIII. Immune tolerance induction (ITI) is an efficient therapeutic approach to eliminating inhibitors. ...
Martínez San Ireneo Mercedes - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Legume allergy, mainly to lentils and chickpeas, is the fifth most common cause of food allergy in Spanish children. Serological cross-reactivity among legumes is frequent, but its clinical relevance is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-reactivity among lentils, chickpeas, peas, white beans and peanuts ...
Kim Jiye G - - 2008
Blind or deaf? Surprisingly, a small but noticeable minority, 17%, opted for blindness. Another 6% were indifferent. For these individuals (23% of the sample), the loss of the aesthetic experience--music--was given relatively greater weight than the loss of the practical--conversation. This was not a symmetric effect in that those who ...
Abt Elliot - - 2008
DATA SOURCES: Medline and hand searching of bibliographies of identified articles. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were selected independently by two reviewers. Prospective and retrospective cohort studies with a mean follow-up period of five or more years with clinical examination at follow-up that reported details of the characteristics of the superstructures were ...
Kostyra H - - 2008
The aim of this article is to present the interdisciplinary area that concerns both animal feed allergy and human food allergy. The following problems are presented: definition of animal feed allergy, mechanism of food/feed allergy, contemporary paradigm of immune response, nature of epitopes, neoallergens, nutrigenomics and animal holistic feeding. Finally, ...
Loughin Thomas M - - 2008
A formal statistical analysis is performed to determine the extent to which pitchers and catchers can influence stolen-base attempts and successes. Two response proportions, attempt/opportunity and success/attempt, are modelled separately using mixed-effects logistic regression models applied to situations with a runner on first and other bases empty. Data include the ...
Yu Joyce E - - 2008
Food allergy is estimated to affect 3-4% of adults in the US, but there are limited educational resources for primary care physicians. The goal of this study was to develop and pilot a food allergy educational resource based upon a needs survey of non-allergist healthcare providers. A survey was undertaken ...
Moutzouri Maria - - 2008
Mulligan's mobilisation techniques are thought to increase the range of movement (ROM) in patients with low back pain. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the application of the Mulligan's Sustained Natural Apophyseal Glide (SNAG) technique on lumbar flexion ROM. The secondary aim was to measure the intra- ...
Sohn Sunghwan - - 2008
The rapid growth of biomedical literature presents challenges for automatic text processing, and one of the challenges is abbreviation identification. The presence of unrecognized abbreviations in text hinders indexing algorithms and adversely affects information retrieval and extraction. Automatic abbreviation definition identification can help resolve these issues. However, abbreviations and their ...
Wongsiri Sunton - - 2008
Mini-open carpal tunnel release has become increasingly popular for the treatment of carpal tunnel surgery. The main advantages are shortening recovery time and return-to-work time. However, the risk of neurovascular injury still remains worrisome. In this study, we developed a new retractor (herein called the PSU retractor) modified from the ...
Biedermann Britta - - 2008
This paper investigates homophone naming performance in an individual with impaired word retrieval. The aim of the study is to investigate the status of homophone representations using treatment of homophone picture naming in aphasia. The focus of this paper is the representation of heterographic homophones (words which sound the same ...
Hamelmann E - - 2008
Primary prevention strategies of allergy so far have been aimed to fight allergy causes, by avoiding risk factors and inhibiting their mechanisms of action. The results of trials testing food or airborne allergen avoidance as a prevention strategy were, however, rather disappointing. A reverse approach for primary prevention of allergies ...
Dias Renuka P - - 2008
There are little data regarding the frequency of different foods that cause hypersensitivity in the UK. Furthermore, there are no data regarding food hypersensitivity related to ethnic variations. This prospective study involved 76 children with IgE-mediated food allergy presenting consecutively over 18 months to a Paediatric Allergy Clinic serving a ...
Mukoyama Tokuko - - 2007
In Japan, the prevalence of food allergy has been increasing and a variety of problems have emerged regarding what should be considered a food allergy. A treatment regimen consists of avoiding the offending food (elimination diet therapy) and receiving nourishment from alternative foods (substitutional diet therapy). There is a growing ...
Crabbe M James C - - 2008
This study set out to test the hypothesis that hurricanes and tropical storms limit the recruitment and subsequent survival of massive non-branching corals on the barrier reef off the coast of Belize in the Gulf of Honduras. Overall, the surface areas of 523 individual coral specimens were measured, and recruitment ...
Casey Laurieann - - 2008
Silencing of the mating-type locus HMR in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires DNA elements called silencers. To establish HMR silencing, the origin recognition complex binds the HMR-E silencer and recruits the silent information regulator (Sir)1 protein. Sir1 in turn helps establish silencing by stabilizing binding of the other Sir proteins, Sir2-4. However, ...
Rassin Eric - - 2008
There is evidence to suggest that people have more problems with processing information that is absent (negative information) than with present (positive) information. This bias of overweighing positive and underweighing negative information has been termed the "feature-positive effect" (FPE). Typically, hypochondriasis is characterized by excessive focusing on bodily complaints (cf. ...
Lin Yeong-Fwu - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, correlational, anatomical laboratory study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between the morphology of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) and patellar alignment in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). BACKGROUND: It has long been presumed that PFPS results from patellar malalignment. Strengthening of the VMO has been suggested ...
Allen Marcus J - - 2007
Diapause is a dormant state that insects may undergo as a response to changing environmental conditions. In flies, like many insects inhabiting temperate zones, diapause occurs generally during the winter months when ambient temperatures are cool and food sources scarce. Whilst the environmental factors involved in determining diapause have been ...
Ross R - - 2008
There is currently no consensus regarding the optimal protocol for measurement of waist circumference (WC), and no scientific rationale is provided for any of the WC protocols recommended by leading health authorities. A panel of experts conducted a systematic review of 120 studies (236 samples) to determine whether measurement protocol ...
Morisco Filomena - - 2008
Chronic liver damage is a worldwide common pathology, characterised by an inflammatory and fibrotic process that leads to a progressive evolution from chronic hepatitis to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A major role for fats and oxidative stress has been recently demonstrated in the pathogenesis of liver diseases. In the ...
Powers Jill - - 2007
Eighty-four percent of children with food allergies have a reaction in school, and 25% of first food reactions occur in schools. An evaluation was conducted comparing food allergy emergency plans to the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network's (FAAN) Food Allergy Action Plan. Of the 94 respondents, 60 provided food allergy ...
Cruz Narlito V - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Food allergy (FA) prevalence is increasing and is being popularly claimed by the general population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate attitudinal differences between allergists and nonallergists with regard to prevalence, manifestations, offending food component, and time of onset of FA reactions. METHODS: A 2-page questionnaire was mailed to 3,000 members of ...
Lewis Naama T - - 2008
We describe the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the nanomechanical properties of annulus fibrosus (AF)-the outer fibrous layer of an intervertebral disc (IVD) encapsulating the inner jelly-like mass known as the nucleus pulposus (NP). Disk disease, degenerated discs, slipped discs, and herniated discs are common terms often ...
Peraire Joaquim - - 2007
Mitochondrial parameters in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and their relationship with mitochondrially-driven PBMC apoptosis were investigated in a group of HIV-1-infected long-term nonprogressors (LTNP) and compared with untreated asymptomatic HIV-1 infected typical progressors (TP) and uninfected healthy controls (HC). Twenty-six LTNP, 27 TP and 31 HC were evaluated. Studies ...
Sharma Ashimav Deb - - 2007
Nickel is a ubiquitous trace element and it occurs in soil, water, air and of the biosphere. It is mostly used to manufacture stainless steel. Nickel is the commonest cause of metal allergy. Nickel allergy is a chronic and recurring skin problem; females are affected more commonly than males. Nickel ...
Roberts Graham - - 2007
Three crucial areas of the management of anaphylaxis due to food allergy are discussed: making a diagnosis, deciding who needs a self-injectable adrenaline device and spotting the novel allergen. Managing children and teenagers with anaphylaxis is challenging due to the lack of available evidence that specific addresses these issue. The ...
Isaacs Seth J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pterygopalatine fossa can be involved with a variety of infectious and neoplastic processes. This region can be entered endoscopically, but endoscopic landmarks to localize the neurovascular structures in the pterygopalatine fossa have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the location of ...
Gaschen Lorrie - - 2007
Sonography is an important diagnostic tool to examine the gastrointestinal tract of dogs with chronic diarrhea. Two-dimensional grayscale ultrasound parameters to assess for various enteropathies primarily focus on wall thickness and layering. Mild, generalized thickening of the intestinal wall with maintenance of the wall layering is common in inflammatory bowel ...
Sachs Gottfried - - 2007
Bird tails, which are an aerodynamic surface in the horizontal plane, are treated with regard to their effects on yaw stability. Reference is made to wings of very small aspect ratio similar to the values of bird tails in order to identify features which are significant for the aerodynamic yawing ...
Earnest Conrad P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: As opposed to traditional food based delivery we examined the efficacy of ingesting encapsulated phytosterol esters on indices of lipid health in hypercholesterolemic adults. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blinded, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, clinical intervention examining 54 men and women (20-70 y of age) with a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ...
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