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Waisel Yoav - - 2008
The pollen of Ambrosia (ragweed) is one of the major causes of pollen-induced allergy worldwide. This genus of plants has apparently evolved in North America but later spread into Europe and Asia. Flowering of the Ambrosias starts in mid-July and continues throughout the autumn and is a cause of major ...
Beyer Kirsten - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy is a common disease in childhood. Natural tolerance development is frequent, but some children with cow's milk or hen's egg allergy and the majority of children with peanut allergy will remain allergic until adulthood. Within the last several years, the usefulness of oral immunotherapy has ...
Ganeshan Kirthana - - 2009
Food allergy is a disorder in which antigenic food proteins elicit immune responses. Animal models of food allergy have several limitations that influence their utility, including failure to recapitulate several key immunologic hallmarks. Consequently, little is known regarding the pathogenesis and mechanisms leading to food allergy. Staphylococcus aureus-derived enterotoxins, a ...
Husby Steffen - - 2008
Approximately 7% to 8% of children are affected by food allergies, the most common being cow's milk allergy (CMA), and egg and peanut allergies. The occurrence of CMA decreases with age, but it is often replaced by other allergic manifestations. CMA affects mainly the skin and gastrointestinal tract, and reactions ...
Dzierzanowski J - - 2008
Much attention has been paid in the neurosurgical literature to optimising the approaches to intracranial pathology. The aims of the innovations reported are to increase the safety of operations by reduction of brain retraction and to improve exposure of the neurovascular structure in the operating area. It was our intention ...
Ameratunga Rohan - - 2008
There is increasing concern that continued exposure to latex products can predispose individuals, particularly those who are atopic (allergy prone), to latex allergy. Latex allergy as a serious hazard has been well documented in the health care industry. There are also well-documented cases of food handlers who have had allergic ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of isolated atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been largely supplanted by percutaneous closure. Whether the perceived benefit of percutaneous closure has lowered thresholds for intervention and thus increased overall utilization rates is unknown. We sought to determine nationwide trends in the use ...
Marrugo J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy (FA) is an important health problem in western societies; however, there are no data available from developing countries. Studies based on self-reported symptoms range from 1.4 % to 33 %, and it is supposed that FA is more prevalent early in life. To our knowledge in Latin ...
Flokstra-de Blok B M J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Having a food allergy may affect health-related quality of life (HRQL). Currently, no validated, self-administered, disease-specific HRQL questionnaire exists for children with food allergy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire--Child Form (FAQLQ-CF) in the Dutch language. METHODS: ...
Edlich Richard F - - 2011
Background: Peanut allergies affect 1.5% of children. The majority of reactions to peanuts are mild, but peanut allergy is also the most common cause of fatal anaphylactic reactions to food. Case Report: The purpose of this case report was to describe a 1-year old boy who developed difficulty breathing after ...
Berni Canani Roberto - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To give an update about the optimal diagnostic work-up for children with suspected food allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Food allergy has become a very severe health problem not only for many children and parents, but also for the entire medical and paramedical community. The financial and social costs ...
Luccioli Stefano - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to identify the frequency, demographics, and diagnostic characteristics associated with maternally reported food allergies and other food-related health problems among infants aged < or = 1 year. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2005-2007 Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal survey of 2441 US mothers ...
Seitz Cornelia S - - 2008
10% to 20% of the population sees itself as suffering from food allergy, yet genuine, immune-mediated food allergy is suspected by patients and their physicians far more often than it is actually shown to be present. The unfounded suspicion of an IgE-mediated food allergy can substantially impair a patient's quality ...
Frossard Christophe P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a common condition resulting in a much impaired quality of life. So far, no clearly effective preventive and therapeutic strategies have been established. However, several options have been tested with promising results. OBJECTIVE: This review examines the potential of various strategies involving an IL-10-mediated effect for ...
Konturek Peter C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection may protect against asthma and allergy. The aim of the present study was to analyse the prevalence of Hp infection in adults with proven food allergy and to compare it with that in appropriate healthy controls. In addition, the effects ...
Tabar A I - - 2008
Thanks to its excellent safety profile, sublingual immunotherapy has served as a basis for launching two important lines of research in current allergology: sublingual immunotherapy with pharmaceutical registry (oral lyophilizates or tablets), and sublingual immunotherapy with food. At present, clinical trials are being conducted which use rapid dissolution oral lyophilizates. ...
Baker L - - 2008
Natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy is a significant problem both for health care workers and for children with complex medical and surgical conditions that require multiple surgical interventions. Primary and secondary prophylaxis are effective measures in identified high risk groups, such as spina bifida (SB). It is therefore likely that ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2008
The spectrum of food allergy consists of a variety of different clinical pictures including immunoglobulin (Ig)E, and non-IgE food allergy as well as mixed, IgE and non-IgE disorders. In addition, eosinophilic diseases of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract with occasional IgE-type sensitization are increasingly recognized. As a consequence, the clinical picture ...
Story Rachel E - - 2008
Most adverse reactions to foods are the result of intolerances rather than food allergy. It is important to identify children with potential food allergy as life-threatening, and life-ending reactions can occur. A clear understanding of the manifestations of food allergy caused by both IgE- and non-IgE-related mechanisms will help the ...
LeBovidge Jennifer S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Children with food allergy and their parents may experience substantial stress related to the risk of serious reactions and the demands of allergy management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a group intervention for children with food allergy and their parents designed to increase parent-perceived competence in coping with food allergy and ...
Justin-Temu M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine incidence of perceived allergies, causes and management, of disorders associated with allergies at household level in Ilala district. METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted in Ilala district involving a total of 400 households randomly selected 8 wards out of 22 wards in the district and head ...
Galea Sandro - - 2008
Hurricane Katrina was the most devastating natural disaster to hit the United States in the past 75 years. The authors conducted interviews of 810 persons who were representative of adult residents living in the 23 southernmost counties of Mississippi before Hurricane Katrina. The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) since ...
Vieths Stefan - - 2008
EuroPrevall is an EU-funded multidisciplinary project including 62 institutions from 22 countries. EuroPrevall studies the prevalence and distribution of food allergies in infants, children, adolescents, and adults in Europe, threshold doses for allergenic foods, the role of the environment in food allergy, the socioeconomic impact of food allergy, and novel ...
Le T M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Peanut (PN), tree nuts (TN) and fruits are frequent causes of food allergy (FA). Peanut and TN are believed to cause more severe reactions than fruits. However, there are no studies comparing the severity of PN, TN and fruit allergy within one patient group. METHODS: Four-hundred and eleven adult ...
Ng Kok-Yee - - 2008
The trait theory of leadership is advanced by a joint investigation of the mediating role of (a) leadership self-efficacy (LSE = leader's perceived capabilities to perform leader roles) in linking neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness with leader effectiveness and (b) the moderating role of job demands and job autonomy in influencing ...
Guo Tai L - - 2008
Food allergy and other types of allergies are becoming epidemic in both the developed and developing countries. A large amount of information is available in literature that (xeno)estrogens can regulate the immune response in general, and the development of allergy in particular; however, the effect of (xeno)estrogens on food allergy ...
Hare Nathaniel D - - 2008
Food allergy is an abnormal immunologic reaction to food proteins. In this article, we differentiate food allergy from food intolerance and other conditions that may mimic food allergy. We describe clinical presentations of food allergy, outline a practical approach for evaluating patients with suspected food allergy, and discuss recommendations for ...
Congram Derek R - - 2008
This case report describes the search for a clandestine grave in Costa Rica for which the police sought the assistance of an archaeologist. An anonymous informant suggested that the victim had been kidnapped and murdered, placed in a shallow grave in the woods, then covered with lime and cement. A ...
Konstantinou G N - - 2008
Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) or pollen-fruit allergy syndrome represents a mucosal allergic contact urticaria in people sensitized to common pollens, due to IgE cross-reactivity between homologous pollen allergens and various plant foods. It is the most prevalent food allergy, affecting millions of people with respiratory allergies. Usually, symptoms are mild, ...
Flokstra-de Blok Bertine M J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy can affect health-related quality of life (HRQL). Currently, no validated, self-administered, disease-specific HRQL questionnaire for adolescents with food allergy exists. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and validate the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Teenager Form (FAQLQ-TF) in the Dutch language. METHODS: Ten adolescents (13-17 years) with food ...
Gadit A A M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of bullying and harassment among psychiatrists is reportedly high, yet no peer-review published studies addressing this issue could be found. Therefore, it was decided to conduct a pilot study to assess the degree of the problem, the types of bullying/harassment and to provide some insights into the ...
Savilahti Erkki - - 2008
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Recent studies on the pathogenesis of allergy in both man and experimental animals continue to show the importance of commensal bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract in stimulating and directing the immune system. The interest in modulating commensal bacterial flora with prebiotics and probiotics to prevent and ...
Skripak Justin M - - 2008
Peanut and tree nut allergies present multiple challenges in their presentation and management. These challenges have become increasingly relevant in recent years, as these allergies appear to have become more common. An estimated 1-2% of the population in the USA is allergic to peanut or tree nuts. Peanut allergy typically ...
Pumphrey Richard Sh - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore why epinephrine autoinjectors have failed to prevent fatal food anaphylaxis and how this problem might be solved. RECENT FINDINGS: Autoinjectors cannot save lives when they are used too late, misused, not carried, or when an inadequate dose is absorbed; food allergy-induced asthma may not respond ...
Lack Gideon - - 2008
This article reviews possible risk factors and theories for the development of food allergy. It is noted that previous strategies to prevent food allergy through allergen avoidance during pregnancy, breast-feeding, and infancy have more recently been called into question. Alternative hypotheses are examined with respect to food allergy, namely the ...
Tepest Ralf - - 2008
Using an automatized gray level index (GLI) method, we recently found cytoarchitectonic abnormalities in schizophrenia in Brodmann area 10 (BA10) [Vogeley, K., Tepest, R., Schneider-Axmann, T., Hutte, H., Zilles, K., Honer, W.G., Falkai, P., 2003. Automated image analysis of disturbed cytoarchitecture in Brodmann area 10 in schizophrenia, Schizophrenia Research 62, ...
Tuokkola Jetta - - 2008
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: A third of parents suspect food allergy in their children. Questionnaire-based studies usually overestimate the occurrence of food allergies. The aim of the present study was to validate a study questionnaire by comparing children's use of special diets as reported by parents with patient records at ...
Burks Wesley - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a major cause of life-threatening hypersensitivity reactions. Food-induced anaphylaxis is the most common reason for someone to present to the emergency department for an anaphylactic reaction. At present, the avoidance of the allergenic food is the only method of preventing further reactions for allergic patients. OBJECTIVE: ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary prevention of food allergy and atopy has become a public health priority in developed countries. Although some preventive dietary interventions have entered common practice, the level of evidence underpinning these strategies varies. RECENT FINDINGS: Exclusive breast-feeding and delayed introduction of complementary foods from the age ...
Imamura T - - 2008
Food allergies have increased in recent years in Japan. Details of causative foods, places where anaphylaxis developed, and other allergic factors remain unknown, and we investigated them. A'questionnaire survey for the prevention of food allergies' was conducted using a nationwide group of patients with food allergies. A total of 1383 ...
McFadden John P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While allergy to food proteins is almost exclusively found in association with atopy, it has been our experience that contact allergy to some contact allergens/haptens with both cutaneous and gastrointestinal exposures is reduced in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients as a group. OBJECTIVE: To assess the contact allergy rates of ...
Rancé Fabienne - - 2008
Whilst the association between eczema and food allergy is well established, the role of dietary manipulation in children with eczema remains controversial. These case histories highlight the differing outcomes that dietary manipulation may have in an infant with early onset, severe eczema and an older child with milder eczema. Management ...
Burks A Wesley - - 2008
The lumen of the gastrointestinal tract is exposed daily to an array of dietary proteins. The vast majority of proteins are tolerated through suppression of cellular or humoral responses, a process known as oral tolerance. However, in approximately 6% of children and 4% of adults in the United States, tolerance ...
Larsen Jeff T - - 2008
Rabbi Hyman Schachtel (1954) proposed that "happiness is not having what you want, but wanting what you have" (p. 37). In two studies, we tested Schachtel's maxim by asking participants whether or not they had and the extent to which they wanted each of 52 material items. To quantify how ...
Wrobel Jeremy P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is a marked increase in the prevalence of food allergies. Food allergy can cause fatal anaphylaxis and the victims are most often adolescents and young adults. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on IgE mediated food allergy and provides a review of the diagnostic and management strategies for food allergy, ...
Fantoni C - - 2008
Consider a stereoscopic display simulating two rectangular patches, the lower frontoparallel and the upper slanted around the vertical axis. When the two patches are amodally completed and appear as the unoccluded parts of a smooth surface partially hidden by a foreground frontoparallel surface, either real or illusory, their relative slant ...
Zalloua Pierre A - - 2008
Lebanon is an eastern Mediterranean country inhabited by approximately four million people with a wide variety of ethnicities and religions, including Muslim, Christian, and Druze. In the present study, 926 Lebanese men were typed with Y-chromosomal SNP and STR markers, and unusually, male genetic variation within Lebanon was found to ...
Takaoka M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To study associations between diet, respiratory symptoms and allergy among female university students in Japan. METHODS: A standardised questionnaire was distributed to students in Kobe and Kamakura (N=153). Multiple logistic/linear regression was applied, controlling for age, smoking, heredity and diet. RESULTS: Totally 15.7% reported doctor-diagnosed asthma, 3.3% current asthma ...
Guest Julian F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the decision by Kela (The Social Insurance Institution) to adopt guidelines for the management of food allergies in children, developed by the Finnish Medical Society Duodecim, as the basis for reimbursing clinical nutrition preparations for the treatment of cow milk allergy (CMA) in Finland. ...
Noimark Lee - - 2008
Food allergy is becoming an increasing problem worldwide with an estimated 6-8% of children affected at some point in their childhood. The perceived prevalence of food allergy is even higher with an estimated 20% of children adhering to some form of elimination diet. Against this background, accurate diagnosis is essential ...
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