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Results 401 - 450 of 532
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Neumark-Sztainer D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of people consuming olestra-containing foods when first introduced at a test-marketing site. DESIGN: Data are from the Olestra Postmarketing Surveillance Study (OPMSS). After the introduction of olestra into a large test-marketing site, study participants received 3 follow-up telephone calls, at 3-month intervals, in which they ...
Leung N - - 2000
It is hypothesized that individuals who benefit less from CBT will be those who have more pathological core beliefs (unconditional beliefs, unrelated to food, shape and weight). Twenty bulimic women were treated using 12 sessions of conventional group CBT. Eating behavior and attitudes were assessed pre- and posttreatment. Core beliefs ...
Lindeman M - - 2000
The two studies describe the development of three complementary scales to the Food Choice Questionnaire developed by Steptoe, Pollard & Wardle (1995). The new items address various ethical food choice motives and were derived from previous studies on vegetarianism and ethical food choice. The items were factor analysed in Study ...
Berg C - - 2000
The present study examined the influences of attitudes, social norms, perceived control and underlying beliefs on 11 to 15-year-olds' breakfast choices of milk with different fat content and high-fibre bread. All pupils in the 5th, 7th and 9th grades in Mölndal community (N=1730), Sweden, were asked to complete a questionnaire ...
Pelchat M L - - 2000
Many hypothesized mechanisms for food cravings focus on nutritional deprivation. However, outside of the laboratory, nutritional inadequacy is often confounded with dietary monotony. Therefore, one aim was to examine the effects of a nutritionally adequate, liquid, sweet, monotonous diet on food cravings in young and elderly adults. In addition, previous ...
Dvoráková-Janů V - - 2000
Food habits in a family are the results of many factors, e.g. the local traditions, availability of food, economic, social and cultural situation, and many others depending on the particular environment. Key role in this respect in the family have women, especially mothers. The transmission of the experiences on the ...
Walls A W - - 2000
The theoretical link between foods choice and masticatory efficiency has long been established. Recent evidence has confirmed this association, demonstrating a progressive alteration in food choice with decreasing numbers of teeth, with the greatest effect being among those who are edentulous. This altered food selection results in significant differences in ...
Shepherd R - - 1999
Food choice is influenced by a large number of factors, including social and cultural factors. One method for trying to understand the impact of these factors is through the study of attitudes. Research is described which utilizes social psychological attitude models of attitude-behaviour relationships, in particular the Theory of Planned ...
Saba A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at verifying the hypothesis that individuals belonging to different classes of BMI could show diversities in attitudes and beliefs toward the consumption of food containing fat within the Fishbein and Ajzen framework. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine hundred and seventy-five families out of 1200 participated ...
Kersey M A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the prevalence and health effects of hunger among ED patients. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of hunger among patients in a large urban ED and to examine whether it has adverse health effects. METHODS: A survey about hunger, choices between ...
Al-Achi Antoine A - - 1999
The use of a new suspending agent is investigated. Calamine lotion, USP contains bentonite magma as a suspending agent. In this study, bentonite magma was partially or completely replaced with a new suspending agent called tahini. Tahini is sesame paste composed of crushed sesame seeds in sesame oil. It is ...
Rozin P - - 1999
For human beings, food is a critical contributor to physical well being, a major source of pleasure, worry and stress, a major occupant of waking time and, across the world, the single greatest category of expenditures. This is a first study of the way food functions in the minds and ...
Bellisle F - - 1999
Food choices and diet composition have been studied less often than energy intake in subjects with varying levels of physical activity. The reported effects of exercise on food choices are not fully consistent, especially on the short term. Type of exercise, intensity, duration can affect the results as well as ...
Zellner D A - - 1999
Spanish and American participants rated how much they liked three common sweets and three common beverages listed on a questionnaire. They also named the food or drink for which they had the strongest craving. Cross-cultural comparisons in liking were almost always consistent with cross-cultural comparisons in rates of exposure. In ...
Mela D J - - 1999
Human perceptions and selection of food are derived from the prevailing and momentary food, agro-economic and cultural environment, cognitive and biological characteristics of individuals, and the real and perceived intrinsic and extrinsic attributes of foods themselves. The range of items typically chosen and consumed within a given population is largely ...
Stratton P - - 1999
Much of the previous research into the processes involved in food choice has made use of methodologies that neglect the social and familial context in which such decisions are made. The study reported here used a different approach to gather qualitative data from family members regarding their decision processes in ...
Lindeman M - - 1999
The clustering of four food choice motives (health, weight concern, pleasure and ideological reasons) and the relationship between personality and the food choice motives were analysed among young and middle-aged women in two studies. The personality variables included personal strivings, magical beliefs about food, awareness and internalization of thinness pressures, ...
Serra-Majem L L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between population attitudes towards modifying food behaviour and reliance on General Practitioners (GPs) as nutrition educators. DESIGN: Personal interview in a random sample of the general population of the Canary Islands as part of the Canary Islands Nutrition Survey. SUBJECTS: 1747 individuals aged 6-74y. MAIN ...
Lozano D I - - 1999
This experiment investigated whether hunger selectively influences attitudes toward common food items. Participants completed a take-home questionnaire on which they rated their attitudes toward food and non-food items when they were either hungry (45 participants) or not hungry (45 participants); after returning the questionnaire, participants completed a second take-home questionnaire ...
Raudenbush B - - 1999
The present study assesses the effects of food familiarity on food ratings of neophobics and neophilics by having them sample and evaluate familiar and novel foods. Level of neophobia was assessed using the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS). Participants rated their familiarity with each food, their willingness to try the foods ...
Koivisto Hursti U K - - 1999
Although food habits are not stable and unchanging during a person's lifetime, a base for healthy food habits can be created in early childhood. Children's food habits can be assumed to be influenced by their parents' food habits and choices. The aim of this article is to review factors influencing ...
Farrales L L - - 1999
This qualitative study explored the understandings of body size, food and eating, and health held by Filipino women living in Canada. Women (n = 11) aged 19 to 30 years old who were born in the Philippines and living in British Columbia participated in individual interviews where they discussed their ...
Arvola A - - 1999
The attitude model of the theory of reasoned action (TRA) has been applied mainly to predicting the choice of familiar foods; however, the choice of unfamiliar foods may be governed by distinct factors. In the present study, 92 females rated their attitudes and subjective norms about the purchase intentions of ...
Moseley M J - - 1999
Inappropriate dietary intake is associated with 5 of the 10 leading causes of U.S. death; coronary artery disease (CAD) ranks highest regardless of gender in people over the age of 65. Of the modifiable risk factors for CAD, two of four pertain to food choices. Although lifestyle habits can enhance ...
Hendy H M - - 1999
How can teachers encourage children to accept new fruits and vegetables? A quasi-experimental study with 64 preschool children (32 boys, 32 girls) compared the effectiveness of five teacher actions to encourage children's acceptance of four new fruits and vegetables presented during three preschool lunches. The five teacher actions included reward ...
Brink P J - - 1999
PURPOSE: The Successful Dieters Project explored and described the characteristics of dieters. This paper reports the results of a content analysis of one question about childhood memories surrounding food. METHODS: All subjects were interviewed once with an intensive interview guide, were weighed, and were measured for height and waist-hip ratios. ...
Sentyrz S M - - 1998
Two studies tested whether self-focusing situations influence people to avoid fatty food. In Study 1, college students tasted full-, reduced-, and no-fat cream cheese spreads on bagelettes. A large mirror was present in the room for some students and was absent for the remaining students. In Study 2, shoppers at ...
De Bourdeaudhuij I - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study provides insight into decision making about food choices in the family and its relationship with (un)healthy eating, by including the responses of four members of the family as a sampling unit. SETTING: The study was conducted through four medical centers, visited by 69 classes from 19 different ...
Glanz K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the self-reported importance of taste, nutrition, cost, convenience, and weight control on personal dietary choices and whether these factors vary across demographic groups, are associated with lifestyle choices related to health (termed health lifestyle), and actually predict eating behavior. DESIGN: Data are based on responses to 2 ...
Mehta K C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The optimal time and choice of solid foods to introduce to an infant's diet is unknown. The aim of this randomized trial was to determine whether early versus late introduction of solid foods and commercially prepared versus parent's choice of solid foods affects growth or body composition in the ...
Day J E - - 1998
The food choice and intake of animals (including humans) has typically been studied using frameworks of learning and feeding motivation. When used in isolation such frameworks could be criticized because learning paradigms give little consideration to how new food items are included or excluded from an individual's diet, and motivational ...
Pollard T M - - 1998
The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), which measures the reported importance to a given individual of nine factors underlying food choice, and a food frequency questionnaire, were administered to 241 participants, who were also required to classify their diet as either 'standard', 'low in red meat' or 'vegetarian'. Respondents describing their ...
Jonsson I - - 1998
A method utilizing pictures was used to assess food choice with 44 school boys in three different age groups (10, 13 and 16 years old). The aim of the study was to test reliability and construct validity (i.e. inter-instrument agreement) of food choice assessed when the boys were asked to ...
Chapman Gwen E. - - 1998
This qualitative study was designed to identify the beliefs, motivations and personal and environmental influences shaping breakfast consumption patterns of a group of college and university students. Twenty-eight women and 28 men participated in individual interviews where they discussed their usual breakfast habits and their beliefs about this meal. Most ...
Mercer M E - - 1997
Extensive research indicates a strong relationship between endogenous opioid peptides (EOPs) and food intake. In the present paper, we propose that food cravings act as an intervening variable in this opioid-ingestion link. Specifically, we argue that altered EOP activity may elicit food cravings which in turn may influence food consumption. ...
Gendall K A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of food cravings in women with a history of anorexia nervosa. METHOD: One hundred one control women selected at random and 64 women with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa 10 to 14 years earlier (cases) completed ...
Kostas G - - 1997
No matter how healthy a food or recipe might be, if it does not taste good, people will not eat it. The professional and personal challenge is to find ways to cook favorite foods in a low-fat and delicious style to maintain health while enjoying foods without guilt. A number ...
Gendall K A - - 1997
The objective of the present study was to investigate the psychopathology and personality characteristics of women who experience food cravings. A total of 101 young women selected at random from the community completed the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies with a trained interviewer. The interview included a section about food-craving ...
Georgiou C C - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Health-related characteristics and habits and food choices of young adults were compared for three groups: college students, college graduates, and nonstudents. DESIGN: Subjects completed a mailed survey that included questions about demographics, attitudes, and behaviors and a food frequency questionnaire. Main outcome measures were health-related characteristics and habits and ...
Freeman R - - 1997
The mechanisms by which adolescents make food choices are not clear. The interaction and combination of the many social and psychological factors must be considered when examining adolescents' decision-making processes for sound food choices. The aim of this investigation is to examine one specific food choice, namely, the use of ...
Dye L - - 1997
Hormonal fluctuations associated with the menstrual cycle influence appetite control and eating behaviour. Energy intake varies during the reproductive cycle in humans and animals, with a periovulatory nadir and a luteal phase peak. Patterns of macronutrient selection show less consistency but a number of studies report carbohydrate cravings in the ...
Lennernäs M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this baseline survey was to obtain comparable data on perceived influences on food choice from EU member countries as the starting point for EU healthy eating promotion campaigns and programmes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in which quota-controlled, nationally-representative samples of approximately 1000 adults from each country ...
Letarte A - - 1997
In a field study, 355 French-Canadian adults (Caucasians; 119 men, 236 women; average age of 40) freely stated the food item they liked and disliked the most, the reasons for their attitude and the context of their last consumption of these two food items. Content analysis revealed that the origins ...
Pelchat M L - - 1997
Fifty young-adult and 48 elderly Ss participated in a structured interview study on food cravings (defined as an intense desire or longing to eat a particular food). Elderly Ss were less likely than young Ss to report cravings and reported craving a smaller number of different foods. In contrast to ...
Keene J M - - 1997
Up to one third of dementia sufferers eat an increased quantity of food compared with their premorbid intake, at some stage during the dementia. In addition, over half of people with dementia are reported, by their carers, to show a marked change in food choice, particularly an increased liking for ...
Toporoff E G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement between school children's intended food choices and observed food choices. DESIGN: Native American students in the second through fifth grade completed a questionnaire that asked them to select from 10 paired food choices for a given meal or snack. Three weeks later students chose among ...
Gendall K A - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of food cravings in a random sample of young women and to evaluate the impact of the definition used in food craving research. The Diagnostic interview for Genetic Studies and a questionnaire about food craving experiences were completed by 101 ...
Van Wechem S N - - 1997
In 1992, a community-based 'Fat Watch' campaign was held in the city of Alkmaar in the Netherlands. The campaign was implemented within the framework of the nationwide mass-mediated 'Fat Watch' campaign (1991-1994), which aimed at a 10% reduction in fat intake among the general Dutch population. The intervention was carried ...
Georgiou C - - 1996
Health experts recommend merging a healthy diet and adequate physical activity into one behavior. This study compared attitudes about foods, recent dietary changes, and food choices of 319 18- to 24-year-olds, who defined themselves as exercisers or nonexercisers. Subjects were recruited by telephone and were mailed questionnaires that asked about ...
Turrell G - - 1996
Australian and overseas studies have found that respondents in low socioeconomic groups are least likely to purchase food that accords with recommendations in dietary guidelines. British and United States researchers have proposed that this consistently observed association is partly due to structural, material and economic factors that differentially affect socioeconomic ...
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