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Results 401 - 450 of 550
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Bassett M T - - 2000
In developing countries, what advice to give HIV-positive mothers on infant feeding options remains a vexing public health issue. This paper reviews data on infant feeding practices in sub-Saharan Africa, the cultural context of breastfeeding, and the still meager literature of decision-making by HIV-positive mothers, following impartial counseling. Although prolonged ...
Hughes N - - 2000
Food refusal can be a source of conflict between dying people and their caregivers. This review examines: the nature and purpose of food; some reasons for and implications of anorexia in terminal illness; ethical principles underpinning responses to declining appetite and food refusal; social transactions between dying people and their ...
Cepeda-Benito A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We developed and tested the psychometric properties of Spanish versions of the Trait and State Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-T and FCQ-S respectively). METHOD: The instruments were translated and adapted to Spanish and administered to undergraduate students from a Southern university in Spain (N = 271). The data were analyzed ...
Negovetic S - - 2000
Genetic polymorphism along an environmental gradient may be maintained if disruptive selection on habitat-specific traits leads to a correlated response in traits that reduce gene flow between habitats. We studied a short-distance cline in a population of freshwater snails Potamopyrgus antipodarum in which sexual and clonal snails coexist. Sexuals and ...
Zandstra E H - - 2000
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of variety on long-term product acceptance and consumption in a home-use situation. Subjects (N= 105) consumed a meat sauce once a week at dinner at home for a period of 10 weeks. Three variety groups were designed. The monotony group (N= ...
Ittai Warburg
This study deals with preference of different seed particles of a novel type of foods by ants of the species Messor arenarius (Fabricius). Given choices between different wheat seed particles at the same distances from the nest, the first time wheat was offered to M. arenarius they reacted as follows: ...
Booth D - - 2000
The Food Choice theme includes research on cognitive, cultural, economic, interpersonal, physiological or sensory determinants of food and drink selection and its consequences for health and other benefits to consumers Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
Plowright CM - - 2000
Previous research on food choice of pigeons foraging alone and in competition showed an indirect response to the competitor, mediated by the resource depletion associated with the competitor. This experiment showed, in addition, that pigeons can adjust their food choice in direct response to the competitor itself. Pigeons foraged for ...
Brinberg D - - 2000
The aim of this research was to compare the effects of tailored or general nutrition messages on individuals' food knowledge, food consumption, and fiber intake. Past research in the area of food choice has applied the Theory of Reasoned Action or the Theory of Planned Behavior to identify the determinants ...
Saba A A Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione, via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Rome, Italy. - - 2000
To explore which were the most important predictors of the actual consumption of foods containing fat and to test if there were different profiles of beliefs and attitudes. A total of 1200 households participated in a food consumption survey for 7 days. A questionnaire, containing questions on belief, attitude and ...
Robinson S. - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore children's perceptions of who controlled the quality and quantity of their food during the week. METHODS: Semi structured interviews were carried out with 98 9-year-old children. The children were asked to describe who chose what they ate during a typical week ...
Kearney M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most important motivations for food choice from the point of view of the consumer in the Irish population, and to characterize those subjects who do and do not regard nutrition as a significant consideration in food choice. DESIGN: As part of a pan-European Union (EU) survey ...
Holm L - - 2000
Interviews undertaken in a study of consumers' views on food quality were re-analysed with special reference to the narrative themes raised by consumers when describing their views on the quality of meat and meat products. Negative attitudes towards meat were frequently expressed, and with more emotion than comments about any ...
Gillholm R - - 2000
Three studies were conducted with the aim of investigating whether choice of behavioral alternative increases intention-behavior consistency. In Study 1 undergraduates were asked to write and mail back an essay on a topic they either chose or were assigned. Demonstrating an effect of choice, significantly more subjects who chose an ...
Lytle L A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in eating patterns and food choices in a cohort of students as they moved from the third to the eighth grade. DESIGN: Dietary behaviors and food choices were abstracted from 24-hour recalls and compared across grade levels. SETTING: The ...
Stubenitsky K - - 2000
To gain an understanding of UK consumer attitudes and beliefs regarding starchy foods and their dietary role, a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behaviour was developed and sent out to a UK consumer sample (n 800). The content focused on attitudes and beliefs towards starchy foods, perceived barriers ...
Neumark-Sztainer D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of people consuming olestra-containing foods when first introduced at a test-marketing site. DESIGN: Data are from the Olestra Postmarketing Surveillance Study (OPMSS). After the introduction of olestra into a large test-marketing site, study participants received 3 follow-up telephone calls, at 3-month intervals, in which they ...
Leung N - - 2000
It is hypothesized that individuals who benefit less from CBT will be those who have more pathological core beliefs (unconditional beliefs, unrelated to food, shape and weight). Twenty bulimic women were treated using 12 sessions of conventional group CBT. Eating behavior and attitudes were assessed pre- and posttreatment. Core beliefs ...
Lindeman M - - 2000
The two studies describe the development of three complementary scales to the Food Choice Questionnaire developed by Steptoe, Pollard & Wardle (1995). The new items address various ethical food choice motives and were derived from previous studies on vegetarianism and ethical food choice. The items were factor analysed in Study ...
Berg C - - 2000
The present study examined the influences of attitudes, social norms, perceived control and underlying beliefs on 11 to 15-year-olds' breakfast choices of milk with different fat content and high-fibre bread. All pupils in the 5th, 7th and 9th grades in Mölndal community (N=1730), Sweden, were asked to complete a questionnaire ...
Pelchat M L - - 2000
Many hypothesized mechanisms for food cravings focus on nutritional deprivation. However, outside of the laboratory, nutritional inadequacy is often confounded with dietary monotony. Therefore, one aim was to examine the effects of a nutritionally adequate, liquid, sweet, monotonous diet on food cravings in young and elderly adults. In addition, previous ...
Dvoráková-Janů V - - 2000
Food habits in a family are the results of many factors, e.g. the local traditions, availability of food, economic, social and cultural situation, and many others depending on the particular environment. Key role in this respect in the family have women, especially mothers. The transmission of the experiences on the ...
Walls A W - - 2000
The theoretical link between foods choice and masticatory efficiency has long been established. Recent evidence has confirmed this association, demonstrating a progressive alteration in food choice with decreasing numbers of teeth, with the greatest effect being among those who are edentulous. This altered food selection results in significant differences in ...
Shepherd R - - 1999
Food choice is influenced by a large number of factors, including social and cultural factors. One method for trying to understand the impact of these factors is through the study of attitudes. Research is described which utilizes social psychological attitude models of attitude-behaviour relationships, in particular the Theory of Planned ...
Kersey M A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the prevalence and health effects of hunger among ED patients. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of hunger among patients in a large urban ED and to examine whether it has adverse health effects. METHODS: A survey about hunger, choices between ...
Al-Achi Antoine A - - 1999
The use of a new suspending agent is investigated. Calamine lotion, USP contains bentonite magma as a suspending agent. In this study, bentonite magma was partially or completely replaced with a new suspending agent called tahini. Tahini is sesame paste composed of crushed sesame seeds in sesame oil. It is ...
Saba A A Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione, Rome, Italy. - - 1999
The present study was aimed at verifying the hypothesis that individuals belonging to different classes of BMI could show diversities in attitudes and beliefs toward the consumption of food containing fat within the Fishbein and Ajzen framework. Nine hundred and seventy-five families out of 1200 participated in a study aimed ...
Rozin P - - 1999
For human beings, food is a critical contributor to physical well being, a major source of pleasure, worry and stress, a major occupant of waking time and, across the world, the single greatest category of expenditures. This is a first study of the way food functions in the minds and ...
Bellisle F - - 1999
Food choices and diet composition have been studied less often than energy intake in subjects with varying levels of physical activity. The reported effects of exercise on food choices are not fully consistent, especially on the short term. Type of exercise, intensity, duration can affect the results as well as ...
Zellner D A - - 1999
Spanish and American participants rated how much they liked three common sweets and three common beverages listed on a questionnaire. They also named the food or drink for which they had the strongest craving. Cross-cultural comparisons in liking were almost always consistent with cross-cultural comparisons in rates of exposure. In ...
Mela D J - - 1999
Human perceptions and selection of food are derived from the prevailing and momentary food, agro-economic and cultural environment, cognitive and biological characteristics of individuals, and the real and perceived intrinsic and extrinsic attributes of foods themselves. The range of items typically chosen and consumed within a given population is largely ...
Stratton P - - 1999
Much of the previous research into the processes involved in food choice has made use of methodologies that neglect the social and familial context in which such decisions are made. The study reported here used a different approach to gather qualitative data from family members regarding their decision processes in ...
Lindeman M - - 1999
The clustering of four food choice motives (health, weight concern, pleasure and ideological reasons) and the relationship between personality and the food choice motives were analysed among young and middle-aged women in two studies. The personality variables included personal strivings, magical beliefs about food, awareness and internalization of thinness pressures, ...
Serra-Majem L L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between population attitudes towards modifying food behaviour and reliance on General Practitioners (GPs) as nutrition educators. DESIGN: Personal interview in a random sample of the general population of the Canary Islands as part of the Canary Islands Nutrition Survey. SUBJECTS: 1747 individuals aged 6-74y. MAIN ...
Lozano D I - - 1999
This experiment investigated whether hunger selectively influences attitudes toward common food items. Participants completed a take-home questionnaire on which they rated their attitudes toward food and non-food items when they were either hungry (45 participants) or not hungry (45 participants); after returning the questionnaire, participants completed a second take-home questionnaire ...
Raudenbush B - - 1999
The present study assesses the effects of food familiarity on food ratings of neophobics and neophilics by having them sample and evaluate familiar and novel foods. Level of neophobia was assessed using the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS). Participants rated their familiarity with each food, their willingness to try the foods ...
Koivisto Hursti U K - - 1999
Although food habits are not stable and unchanging during a person's lifetime, a base for healthy food habits can be created in early childhood. Children's food habits can be assumed to be influenced by their parents' food habits and choices. The aim of this article is to review factors influencing ...
Farrales L L - - 1999
This qualitative study explored the understandings of body size, food and eating, and health held by Filipino women living in Canada. Women (n = 11) aged 19 to 30 years old who were born in the Philippines and living in British Columbia participated in individual interviews where they discussed their ...
Arvola A - - 1999
The attitude model of the theory of reasoned action (TRA) has been applied mainly to predicting the choice of familiar foods; however, the choice of unfamiliar foods may be governed by distinct factors. In the present study, 92 females rated their attitudes and subjective norms about the purchase intentions of ...
Moseley M J - - 1999
Inappropriate dietary intake is associated with 5 of the 10 leading causes of U.S. death; coronary artery disease (CAD) ranks highest regardless of gender in people over the age of 65. Of the modifiable risk factors for CAD, two of four pertain to food choices. Although lifestyle habits can enhance ...
Hendy H M - - 1999
How can teachers encourage children to accept new fruits and vegetables? A quasi-experimental study with 64 preschool children (32 boys, 32 girls) compared the effectiveness of five teacher actions to encourage children's acceptance of four new fruits and vegetables presented during three preschool lunches. The five teacher actions included reward ...
Brink P J - - 1999
PURPOSE: The Successful Dieters Project explored and described the characteristics of dieters. This paper reports the results of a content analysis of one question about childhood memories surrounding food. METHODS: All subjects were interviewed once with an intensive interview guide, were weighed, and were measured for height and waist-hip ratios. ...
Sentyrz S M - - 1998
Two studies tested whether self-focusing situations influence people to avoid fatty food. In Study 1, college students tasted full-, reduced-, and no-fat cream cheese spreads on bagelettes. A large mirror was present in the room for some students and was absent for the remaining students. In Study 2, shoppers at ...
De Bourdeaudhuij I - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study provides insight into decision making about food choices in the family and its relationship with (un)healthy eating, by including the responses of four members of the family as a sampling unit. SETTING: The study was conducted through four medical centers, visited by 69 classes from 19 different ...
Glanz K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the self-reported importance of taste, nutrition, cost, convenience, and weight control on personal dietary choices and whether these factors vary across demographic groups, are associated with lifestyle choices related to health (termed health lifestyle), and actually predict eating behavior. DESIGN: Data are based on responses to 2 ...
Mehta K C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The optimal time and choice of solid foods to introduce to an infant's diet is unknown. The aim of this randomized trial was to determine whether early versus late introduction of solid foods and commercially prepared versus parent's choice of solid foods affects growth or body composition in the ...
Day J E - - 1998
The food choice and intake of animals (including humans) has typically been studied using frameworks of learning and feeding motivation. When used in isolation such frameworks could be criticized because learning paradigms give little consideration to how new food items are included or excluded from an individual's diet, and motivational ...
Pollard T M - - 1998
The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), which measures the reported importance to a given individual of nine factors underlying food choice, and a food frequency questionnaire, were administered to 241 participants, who were also required to classify their diet as either 'standard', 'low in red meat' or 'vegetarian'. Respondents describing their ...
Jonsson I - - 1998
A method utilizing pictures was used to assess food choice with 44 school boys in three different age groups (10, 13 and 16 years old). The aim of the study was to test reliability and construct validity (i.e. inter-instrument agreement) of food choice assessed when the boys were asked to ...
Chapman Gwen E. - - 1998
This qualitative study was designed to identify the beliefs, motivations and personal and environmental influences shaping breakfast consumption patterns of a group of college and university students. Twenty-eight women and 28 men participated in individual interviews where they discussed their usual breakfast habits and their beliefs about this meal. Most ...
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