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Results 351 - 400 of 532
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Smith Sue - - 2003
This qualitative study provides an insight into how seven women experienced breastfeeding within the social context of contemporary society. It presents an analysis of their understanding of the meaning of breastfeeding, and the interactions and problem-solving methods they used as they learnt to breastfeed. Findings suggest breastfeeding is multifaceted and ...
Cepeda-Benito Antonio - - 2003
Using confirmatory factor analysis, we cross-validated the factor structures of the Spanish versions of the State and Trait Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-S and FCQ-T; ) in a sample of 304 Spanish college students. Controlling for eating disorder symptoms and food deprivation, scores on the FCQ-T were higher for women than ...
Bove Caron F - - 2003
Individuals entering marriage merge their personal food systems to create a joint spousal food system. This investigation examined newly married couples' food choices. Qualitative interviews conducted with 20 couples as they entered marriage and again 1 year later revealed that some reported initial food homogamy, while others had varying degrees ...
Devine Carol M - - 2003
Lower status jobs, high workloads and lack of control at work have been associated with less healthful diets, but the ways through which work is connected to food choices are not well understood. This analysis was an examination of workers' experience of the relationship of their jobs to their food ...
Berg Christina - - 2003
This study investigated schoolchildren's breakfast choices focusing on their reported usual intake and perceptions of fat-reduced or fibre-enriched alternatives. A total of 184 eleven- to fifteen-year-old were asked to participate, and 181 completed the study. Using pictures of food items, the children were instructed to reproduce their usual breakfast, and ...
Gittelsohn Joel - - 2003
Despite its relative isolation from the world stage and lack of resources, the Marshall Islands serve as an example of the interaction between global political power, macroeconomic forces and local cultural factors. At the national level, patterns of food importation and government programs encourage the consumption of high fat foods. ...
Sevenhuysen Gustaaf P - - 2003
Understanding the reasons that people have for choosing their food, and why these choices vary, may affect the dietary advice and assumptions about the nutrient adequacy of future food intake. One group of respondents living in Jakarta, Indonesia completed two interviews with the same combined food frequency and qualitative technique, ...
Verpy Heidi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Explore the attitudes and behaviors of individuals who donate foods to food shelves and the perceived needs of the clientele using the food shelves in terms of cultural, health, and nutritional concerns. DESIGN: Qualitative methods (focus group interviews). SETTING: Focus groups (5 client and 7 donor) were conducted at ...
Robinson Ramona - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychosocial and demographic variables associated with consumer intention to purchase sustainably produced foods using an expanded Theory of Planned Behavior. DESIGN: Consumers were approached at the store entrance and asked to complete a self-administered survey. SETTING: Three metropolitan Minnesota grocery stores. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 550) were ...
Perry Cheryl L - - 2002
This study evaluated "All's Well That Eats Well," a theater production performed in 20 schools in the Twin Cities, Minn., metropolitan area in winter 2000. The production sought to change food-related knowledge and food choices concerning fruits and vegetables among children in grades 1-6. The study used a pretest-posttest design ...
Magnusson Maria K - - 2002
The present study reports attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) foods among Swedish consumers. A random nation-wide sample of 2,000 addressees, aged 18-65 years, were mailed a questionnaire and 786 (39%) responded. Most of these consumers were rather negative about GM foods. However, males, younger respondents and those with higher level ...
Berg M Christina - - 2002
PURPOSE: To investigate dietary knowledge and beliefs of schoolchildren, in relationship to breakfast choices, with specific attention to fat and fiber content. METHODS: Food choice and perceptions were studied by interviews using the "stacking box methodology". Youth (n = 181) aged 11-15 years were instructed to select food items among ...
Lee K P. - - 2002
Nutritional regulatory responses of the generalist caterpillar Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) were explored, in choice and no-choice experiments, using the Geometric Framework. In the choice experiment, newly moulted final instar larvae were provided with one of three protein-biased foods (PB-food: p35:c7, p28:c5.6 or p21:c4.2) and one of three equal protein-carbohydrate ratio ...
Joseph Beth - - 2002
Two experiments were conducted to examine differences between people with Prader-Willi syndrome and an obese comparison group in choosing a larger quantity of food delivered after a delay (15, 30, or 60 seconds) or a small quantity of food delivered immediately. Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome selected the larger food quantity. ...
Wilson Christine S - - 2002
Social, ecological, physiological and cognitive processes all influence choices among foods that cumulate in dietary intake. This broad research field is studied by nutritionists, agricultural economists and consumer researchers, specialists in ingestive behaviour, biosocial psychologists and cognitive anthropologists of food acceptance, sociologists and anthropologists of social roles of food and ...
White Marney A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to develop and validate the Food-Craving Inventory (FCI), a self-report measure of specific food cravings. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In a preliminary study, participants (n = 474) completed the initial version of the FCI. The results from this study were used in ...
Lindeman M - - 2001
Two studies examined whether everyday food choice motives (FCMs) and abstract values constitute food choice ideologies (FCIs), whether these ideologies reflect the same normativism-humanism polarity as Tomkins' theory suggests to reflect ideologies in general, and whether various dietary groups endorse FCIs in different ways. In Study 1, 82 female participants ...
Fiske J - - 2001
AIM: To compare the emotional effects of tooth loss in three partially dentate populations. DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by 150 partially dentate subjects undergoing routine prosthodontic care at Guy's, King's and St Thomas's Dental Institute, London; the Dental School, Dundee, Scotland; and the ...
Shadel W G - - 2001
The authors evaluated whether completing a multi-item assessment of smoking craving (the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges [QSU]) promoted increases in smoking craving. A sample of 39 regular smokers was randomly assigned to 1 of 3 manipulations (each of 3 min duration): (a) complete the QSU-Brief (10 items), (b) complete a ...
Crossley M L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Differences in dental decay and disease amongst socioeconomic groups are thought to derive, in part, from variations in dietary practices and differences in education. The aim of this exploratory study was to examine whether differences in motivating factors affecting food choice could be found in a comparison of two ...
Roininen K - - 2001
The Health and Taste Attitude Scales (HTAS) developed by Roininen, Lähteenmäki and Tuorila in 1999 measure the importance of health and taste aspects of foods in the food choice process. These multi-item scales consist of sets of statements, ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree", which further divide into three ...
Smart L R - - 2001
This study sought to improve the understanding of processes involved in food choice and dietary change by examining how members of a college men's ice hockey team experienced the multiple factors influencing their food choices. The study employed a theory-guided, grounded-theory approach, participant observation, and open-ended interviews with ten team ...
Risvik E - - 2001
A changing European food market demands insight into consumer attitudes and their influence on food choice and acceptability. This multidisciplinary area needs to bring together scientists from all regions of Europe and with very different scientific backgrounds. The primary objectives of this concerted action have been: to establish a base ...
Davis D M - - 2001
This study investigated the reactions to tooth loss in a partially dentate group of 100 people using a questionnaire-based method. Partially dentate people who experienced difficulties in accepting their tooth loss were more likely to feel less confident, restrict food choice, enjoy food less, avoid laughing in public and avoid ...
Christensen L - - 2001
The relationship between mood and carbohydrate cravings, and the possible role of gender in these associations, was investigated in a sample of 113 males and 138 female college students. Participants completed a Cravings Questionnaire and several mood inventories (profile of mood states, Beck Depression Inventory, and the Vitality Inventory) in ...
Bissonnette M M - - 2001
The objective of this study was to investigate adolescents' perspectives about the environmental impacts of food production practices and whether these perspectives are related to their food choice. Food choice was operationalized as consumption and purchase of organic foods and locally grown foods. A survey questionnaire was administered to a ...
Lafay L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this survey was to study food cravings and its indulgence in community adults (538 women and 506 men) and to compare nutritional parameters, weight preoccupations, and weight history between cravers and noncravers. METHOD: Cravers experienced a strong urge to eat specific foods more than once a ...
Mooney K M - - 2001
Motives underlying the self-reported active avoidance of particular foods were examined. A total of 113 college men (N=56) and women (N=57) reported one food that they actively reject and then completed the Food Avoidance Inventory while keeping that food in mind. The Food Avoidance Inventory measures the degree to which ...
Piché L A - - 2001
We need to understand better the reasons why people choose to buy the foods that they do. The main objective of this study was to obtain information on some of the factors that influence food-buying practices of grocery shoppers in London, Ontario. For this study, a copy of Canada's Food ...
Waters A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the internal and external factors that predict whether a food craving develops into a binge in bulimia nervosa. METHOD: Fifteen bulimic women kept diary records of food cravings over the course of a week, noting their internal state, environmental triggers, and whether the craving developed into ...
Cavallo D A - - 2001
Women high in dietary restraint ("restrainers") increase food intake more than nonrestrainers following emotional arousal. When restrained smokers are deprived of cigarettes during elevated mood states, nicotine craving should increase with food craving. The present study investigated the interaction of smoking and affect on food intake in 60 women, 18-25 ...
Dubé L - - 2000
Here, we suggest that the relative effectiveness of informational and emotional appeals in persuasive communications may depend on the dominant basis of attitude towards the focal item (affective or cognitive), and on the precise response being targeted (i.e. influencing affect-based food liking or cognitive-based consumption). Ninety-five participants (milk drinking adults) ...
Lindeman M - - 2000
The study compared four types of dieters who stressed ideological food-choice reasons and pleasure in their food choice in different ways. A total of 66 female dieters were included in the study. As hypothesized, the dieters in the high ideology-low pleasure cluster showed more signs of eating disorders, lower psychological ...
Nestle M - - 2000
Dietary guidelines for health promotion and disease prevention in the USA recommend a consumption pattern based largely on grains, fruit and vegetables, with smaller amounts of meat and dairy foods, and even smaller amounts of foods high in fat and sugar. Such diets are demonstrably health promoting, but following them ...
Bassett M T - - 2000
In developing countries, what advice to give HIV-positive mothers on infant feeding options remains a vexing public health issue. This paper reviews data on infant feeding practices in sub-Saharan Africa, the cultural context of breastfeeding, and the still meager literature of decision-making by HIV-positive mothers, following impartial counseling. Although prolonged ...
Hughes N - - 2000
Food refusal can be a source of conflict between dying people and their caregivers. This review examines: the nature and purpose of food; some reasons for and implications of anorexia in terminal illness; ethical principles underpinning responses to declining appetite and food refusal; social transactions between dying people and their ...
Cepeda-Benito A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We developed and tested the psychometric properties of Spanish versions of the Trait and State Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-T and FCQ-S respectively). METHOD: The instruments were translated and adapted to Spanish and administered to undergraduate students from a Southern university in Spain (N = 271). The data were analyzed ...
Negovetic S - - 2000
Genetic polymorphism along an environmental gradient may be maintained if disruptive selection on habitat-specific traits leads to a correlated response in traits that reduce gene flow between habitats. We studied a short-distance cline in a population of freshwater snails Potamopyrgus antipodarum in which sexual and clonal snails coexist. Sexuals and ...
Zandstra E H - - 2000
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of variety on long-term product acceptance and consumption in a home-use situation. Subjects (N= 105) consumed a meat sauce once a week at dinner at home for a period of 10 weeks. Three variety groups were designed. The monotony group (N= ...
Ittai Warburg
This study deals with preference of different seed particles of a novel type of foods by ants of the species Messor arenarius (Fabricius). Given choices between different wheat seed particles at the same distances from the nest, the first time wheat was offered to M. arenarius they reacted as follows: ...
Booth D - - 2000
The Food Choice theme includes research on cognitive, cultural, economic, interpersonal, physiological or sensory determinants of food and drink selection and its consequences for health and other benefits to consumers Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
Plowright CM - - 2000
Previous research on food choice of pigeons foraging alone and in competition showed an indirect response to the competitor, mediated by the resource depletion associated with the competitor. This experiment showed, in addition, that pigeons can adjust their food choice in direct response to the competitor itself. Pigeons foraged for ...
Brinberg D - - 2000
The aim of this research was to compare the effects of tailored or general nutrition messages on individuals' food knowledge, food consumption, and fiber intake. Past research in the area of food choice has applied the Theory of Reasoned Action or the Theory of Planned Behavior to identify the determinants ...
Saba A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To explore which were the most important predictors of the actual consumption of foods containing fat and to test if there were different profiles of beliefs and attitudes. DESIGN: A total of 1200 households participated in a food consumption survey for 7 days. A questionnaire, containing questions on belief, ...
Robinson S. - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore children's perceptions of who controlled the quality and quantity of their food during the week. METHODS: Semi structured interviews were carried out with 98 9-year-old children. The children were asked to describe who chose what they ate during a typical week ...
Kearney M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most important motivations for food choice from the point of view of the consumer in the Irish population, and to characterize those subjects who do and do not regard nutrition as a significant consideration in food choice. DESIGN: As part of a pan-European Union (EU) survey ...
Holm L - - 2000
Interviews undertaken in a study of consumers' views on food quality were re-analysed with special reference to the narrative themes raised by consumers when describing their views on the quality of meat and meat products. Negative attitudes towards meat were frequently expressed, and with more emotion than comments about any ...
Gillholm R - - 2000
Three studies were conducted with the aim of investigating whether choice of behavioral alternative increases intention-behavior consistency. In Study 1 undergraduates were asked to write and mail back an essay on a topic they either chose or were assigned. Demonstrating an effect of choice, significantly more subjects who chose an ...
Lytle L A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in eating patterns and food choices in a cohort of students as they moved from the third to the eighth grade. DESIGN: Dietary behaviors and food choices were abstracted from 24-hour recalls and compared across grade levels. SETTING: The ...
Stubenitsky K - - 2000
To gain an understanding of UK consumer attitudes and beliefs regarding starchy foods and their dietary role, a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behaviour was developed and sent out to a UK consumer sample (n 800). The content focused on attitudes and beliefs towards starchy foods, perceived barriers ...
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