Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 555
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Craeynest Mietje - - 2005
This study investigated differences in the explicit and implicit attitudes towards food and physical activities between children with obesity (n=38) and a matched control group (n=38). The implicit attitude was assessed using the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (EAST; J. Exp. Psychol. (50) (2003) 77), a modified version of the Implicit ...
Patch Craig S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the nature, strength, and relative importance of influences on intentions to consume foods that are enriched with omega-3 fatty acids using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). DESIGN: A cross-sectional self-administered questionnaire. SETTING: Community-based residents living in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. SUBJECTS: Two ...
Tiggemann M - - 2005
The study aimed to investigate the role of mental imagery in the experience of food cravings. A sample of 130 undergraduate students was first asked to recall and rate a previous food craving experience. Second, they were asked to imagine themselves eating their favourite food and to rate the involvement ...
Uher Rudolf - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex is implicated in craving for drugs and food. This study explores the effect of prefrontal cortex stimulation on food craving. METHODS: In a randomized double-blind parallel group study, 28 women, who reported frequent cravings for food were exposed to foods that typically elicit strong ...
Sneijder Petra - - 2005
While identity has been a dominant topic in research on food choice, literature on identity in consumers' everyday life is scarce. In this article we draw on insights from discursive psychology to demonstrate how members of an online forum on food pleasure handle the hedonic appreciation of food in everyday ...
Robins Anna - - 2005
A qualitative research study investigated food choice by triathletes prior to training and competition, and gauged attitudes towards nutritional management. Five focus groups were conducted with 7 male and 6 female non-elite triathletes. Sessions were semi-structured, tape recorded, and transcribed verbatim for coding and analysis. Transcripts were coded using grounded ...
Dreezens Ellen - - 2005
This survey showed that the values power (dominance over nature and resources) and universalism (respect for people and for nature) are related to attitudes toward genetically modified food (GMF) and organically grown food (OGF). Furthermore, these values have an influence on the centrality, commitment and ambivalence of these attitudes. Values ...
Alsene Karen M - - 2005
In this study, the authors investigated the effects of the indirect dopamine agonist d-amphetamine (AMPH) on cue-induced cigarette craving in smokers. Abstinent or nonabstinent cigarette smokers (N=21) rated their cravings for cigarettes and for food (control) after pretreatment with AMPH (15 mg) or placebo and before and after viewing blocks ...
Hyland Rob - - 2006
UK health policy is concerned with emphasising nutritional status as a factor in the relationship of social inequalities to health outcomes. This paper examines pupil and parent responses to an after-school 'Food Club' designed to promote food preparation skills and healthier food choices amongst 12-13 year olds in low-income areas ...
Nicklaus Sophie - - 2005
AIM: The objective was to show patterns of food selection by 2- to 3-y-old children for a wide variety of foods in a self-service cafeteria and to assess the effect of individual variables (gender, BMI, mode of feeding after birth and rank in sibship). METHODS: In a nursery self-service canteen, ...
Shepherd Richard - - 2005
There have been many studies of what influences consumers in their decisions to purchase or consume organic foods, mainly concerned with fresh organic foods. These show a discrepancy between attitudes and behavior with people being positive about organic foods but often not purchasing them. This discrepancy seems to be explained ...
Carlsson Fredrik - - 2005
This paper employs a choice experiment to obtain consumer preferences and willingness to pay for food product quality attributes currently not available in Sweden. Data were obtained from a large mail survey and estimated with a random parameter logit model. We found evidence for intraproduct differences in consumer preferences for ...
Olson Christine M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This research addresses 2 questions: What are the patterns in selected food choice behaviors across the transition to motherhood? and Do the patterns vary by mothers' social location, particularly parity, family income, and breast-feeding behavior? DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with healthy, adult women followed from midpregnancy until 2 ...
Devine Carol M - - 2005
A life course perspective provides a framework for understanding how food choices develop in changing temporal, social, and historical contexts. This article describes the application of life course concepts to food choices, including trajectories, transitions, turning points, lives in place and time, and timing of events in lives. A life ...
Lupton Deborah A - - 2005
Much publicity has been given to risks associated with food in Western countries. This article draws on an Australian research study using qualitative interviews to investigate discourses and beliefs related to food risks among lay people. It was found that the interviewees were most concerned about dietary fat as a ...
Nicklaus Sophie - - 2005
This prospective study of food variety seeking among children was conducted between 1982 and 1999, with a follow-up in 2001-2002. Two- to three-year-old children were given a free choice of lunch foods in a nursery canteen. Their food choices were recorded and used to calculate early variety seeking scores, globally ...
Patch Craig S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine consumer salient beliefs toward functional foods enriched with omega-3 fatty acids. DESIGN: Focus group interviews with adult consumers using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a theoretical framework. SETTING: Community-based residents living in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two overweight participants (29 ...
Hutchinson John M C - - 2005
Recent studies on humans show that too much choice can make subjects less likely to choose any item. I consider general adaptive and non-adaptive explanations of why such choice aversion, or its converse, might occur in animals. There are three questions: is more choice always preferred, does it ever lead ...
Dreezens Ellen - - 2005
This study addresses which specific values play a role in predicting participants' attitudes toward genetically modified food (GMF) and organically grown food (OGF). The first central question is whether the attitudes towards GMF and OGF are influenced by specific values and beliefs. The second central question is whether the attitudes ...
Harvey Kirsty - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The study used a working memory approach to examine the nature of the imagery processes underlying food cravings. DESIGN AND METHOD: A sample of 60 dieters and 60 non-dieters were asked to imagine either a food induction or a holiday induction scenario. Participants then performed 18 trials of either ...
Scholderer, Joachim
Consumer research on healthy food choices often suffers from context effects and low predictive validity. Adopting a social cognition perspective, the paper proposes that consumers hold elaborate belief systems about food and health issues, but that these are only selectively accessed in different situations. Three studies are reported. In Study ...
Kinney John M - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Twelve years have passed since the US Department of Agriculture introduced the Food Guide Pyramid as a single visual expression of the major food groups and their relative amounts in a healthy diet. Unfortunately, no regular review has been conducted to incorporate new knowledge. Some feel that ...
Raats Monique - - 2005
This meeting discussed the regulation, marketing and communication needs of these products from a consumer point of view. It was agreed, that clear and consistent messages are needed from health professionals, public authorities, industry and also the media. There is also a need to better understand the context in which ...
Westenhoefer Joachim - - 2005
Several studies have described remarkable differences in food choice between men and women. Consistently, women are reported to have higher intakes of fruit and vegetables, higher intakes of dietary fiber and lower intakes of fat. In accordance with such more healthy food choice, women usually attach greater importance to healthy ...
Shepherd Richard - - 2005
There are a number of possible reasons for the lack of effectiveness of attempts at changing dietary behaviors. While lack of information and knowledge about foods and nutrient contents might play a part, motivation to change is likely to be much more important. Food choice, like any complex human behavior, ...
Tivadar Blanka - - 2005
The authors test the popular thesis of some of the most influential theorists of contemporary societies about the erosion of the social structuring of consumption choices and their consequent individualisation in westernised societies, using the example of food practices. The analysis is based on data obtained from a random sample ...
Stephens David W - - 2004
Observed animal impulsiveness challenges ideas from foraging theory about the fitness value of food rewards, and may play a role in important behavioural phenomena such as cooperation and addiction. Behavioural ecologists usually invoke temporal discounting to explain the evolution of animal impulsiveness. According to the discounting hypothesis, delay reduces the ...
de Graaf Cees - - 2005
The relationship between laboratory and field data was investigated for nine different groupings of 5-7 foods: two main dish groupings, four snack item groupings, and three specific meals. Liking ratings on the nine-point hedonic scale were obtained in an US Army field study and for the same foods in a ...
Pelchat Marcia Levin - - 2004
Food craving (defined as an intense desire to eat a specific food) is of interest because it is extremely common and because it influences obesity or nutritional status. It has also been suggested that food craving may be the evolutionary source for cravings of all kinds including cravings for drugs ...
Hawk Larry W LW - - 2004
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Food craving and reactivity to food cues are related to food intake. Research has shown that both startle magnitude and prepulse inhibition of startle may be useful indices of cue reactivity and drug craving. The goal of this study was to assess the utility of these paradigms ...
Poortinga Wouter - - 2004
Within the risk literature there is an ongoing debate on whether trust is vulnerable or enduring. Previous research on nuclear energy by Slovic in 1993 has shown that negative events have much greater impact on self-reported trust than do positive events. Slovic attributes this to the asymmetry principle: specifically, that ...
Chatzisarantis Nikos L D - - 2004
This study explores the predictive accuracy of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in relation to continuation of intentions. Three studies examined the hypothesis that continuation intentions of success and continuation intentions of failure would improve utility of the TPB in predicting and promoting social behaviour. As a new construct, ...
James Delores C S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The goals of the project were: (1) to explore how culture and community impact on the nutrition attitudes, food choices, and dietary intake of a selected group of African Americans in north central Florida; and (2) to identify segments of the population and community that should be targeted for ...
Medeiros Lydia C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to design and develop food safety knowledge and attitude scales based on food-handling guidelines developed by a national panel of food safety experts. DESIGN: Knowledge (n=43) and attitude (n=49) questions were developed and pilot-tested with a variety of consumer groups. Final questions were ...
Townsend Ellen - - 2004
Decreasing acceptance of biotechnologies over time has been reported in Europe. Studies claim that attitudes are negative, even hostile, and that people are very worried about genetic engineering in food and medicine. However, such studies are mostly based on surveys and these have significant methodological problems, such as low response ...
Lockie Stewart - - 2004
Path analysis of attitudinal, motivational, demographic and behavioural factors influencing food choice among Australian consumers who had consumed at least some organic food in the preceding 12 months showed that concern with the naturalness of food and the sensory and emotional experience of eating were the major determinants of increasing ...
Wynne C D L - - 2004
Four quokkas (Setonix brachyurus) were tested in their natural environment for the ability to progress around a barrier to a desired goal object (food). Symmetrical and asymmetrical barriers were used with different lengths of side arm. Three quokkas showed significant tendencies to progress either left or right around the barrier, ...
Stroebele Nanette - - 2004
Eating takes place in a context of environmental stimuli known as ambience. Various external factors such as social and physical surroundings, including the presence of other people and sound, temperature, smell, color, time, and distraction affect food intake and food choice. Food variables such as the temperature, smell, and color ...
Root Allison Darcy - - 2004
This study evaluated the accuracy of restaurant entrees identified as healthy choices on menus at two fast food restaurant chains. Entrees were purchased at two different locations of each restaurant 35 days apart. Samples were processed in duplicate for total fat contents, sodium analysis, and adiabatic bomb calorimeter for total ...
Bäckström A - - 2004
The structure and predictive ability of social representation of new foods were investigated and compared with instruments measuring relevant attitudes and traits using a questionnaire quantifying these aspects, completed by 743 respondents. Based on their rated willingness to try, new foods were categorized as modified dairy products, genetically modified (GM), ...
Jones Jenni L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of heart-healthy choices offered in restaurants. METHODS: Menus (N=273) were obtained from restaurants in the 10 most populated cities in West Virginia. A survey assessed the number of restaurants that provide point-of- purchase nutrition information and the heart-healthy choices offered. RESULTS: One restaurant offered point-of-purchase ...
Sindler Amy J - - 2004
To gather information from survivors on the effects that the Holocaust had on their current attitudes toward food. Qualitative study: one-on-one semistructured interviews with a script shaped by a pilot study. South Florida homes and community sites, including the Miami Beach Holocaust Memorial. Convenience sample of 25 Holocaust survivors: 14 ...
Cassady Diana - - 2004
PURPOSE: To develop and test the Menu Checklist, an instrument to be used by community members to assess cues for healthy choices in restaurants. DESIGN: Menus from 14 restaurants were coded independently by two trained community reviewers to test the interrater reliability of the instrument. SETTING: A low-income, urban, African-American ...
Lamote Sabine - - 2004
During the last few years indirect measures of attitudes have been increasingly promoted. Because they are assumed to be less influenced by demand effects, these indirect measures would constitute a better basis to predict behaviour in some circumstances. In two studies, we examined the usefulness of the affective priming paradigm ...
Veeranagoudar Dheeraj K - - 2004
The ability of bronze frog Rana temporalis tadpoles (pure or mixed parental lines) to assess the profitability of food habitats and distribute themselves accordingly was tested experimentally using a rectangular choice tank with a non- continuous input design. Food (boiled spinach) was placed at two opposite ends of the choice ...
Pettinger C - - 2004
This study used attitudinal scales to investigate the nature of attitudes to diet and health in a northern European country (Central England) and a southern European country (Mediterranean France). Cross-sectional studies were conducted using self-administered postal questionnaires that were distributed simultaneously in April 2001 in Montpellier, France and Nottingham, England. ...
Uauy Ricardo - - 2004
The Latin American Region has exhibited a marked increase in the consumption of high-energy-density foods (high in fats and sugars) and a decrease in physical activity, with rising trends of sedentary life among the urban population. Social and economic progress led to a decline in infectious diseases, while higher income ...
Pliner Patricia - - 2004
In two parallel studies, we examined the effect of social influence and palatability on amount consumed and on food choice. In Experiment 1, which looked at amount consumed, participants were provided with either palatable or unpalatable food; they were also given information about how much previous participants had eaten (large ...
Fitzgerald Catherine M - - 2004
The research question examined in this study was: Does a promotional campaign impact the sales of heart-healthy menu items at community restaurants? The 8-week promotional campaign used professionally developed advertisements in daily and monthly print publications and posters and table tents in local restaurants. Nine restaurants tracked the sales of ...
Weber Annette J - - 2004
Consumption of pizza, salad and iced tea was assessed in four separate tests at a central location. Three aspects of context were added in successive tests-social interaction during consumption, the physical environment in which the food was consumed and choice among foods-so that the fourth test had all effects present. ...
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