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Liem Djin G - - 2009
Children's food choices are guided by their preferences. However, these preferences may change due to repeated exposure. This study investigated children's (n = 242, 7-12 yrs-old) liking and wanting for snacks over 3 weeks of daily consumption. The snacks differed in size (small vs large) or flavour (sweet vs sweet-sour). ...
Buck, Tracy
Includes descriptive metadata provided by producer in MP3 file: "Politics, Economics and Social Issues - Podcasts - Food Security Summit: Health Impacts of our Food System." Tracy Buck, a registered dietician with the Metro Health Dept. discusses the diseases that result from poor diet. Time and cost factors, commercials, and ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2008
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Overweight and obesity in Australia is an emerging health concern. Obesity prevention initiatives must consider both physical activity and nutrition to be effective. Community sports venues have the capacity to promote healthy lifestyles through physical activity as well as healthy food choices. METHODS: A telephone survey was conducted ...
Payne Sheila Alison - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: As people face cancer and the end of life, the social, cultural and therapeutic role of food takes on an increasing significance. As part of a larger study involving older Chinese people resident in the UK, we investigated their beliefs about the influence of food on cancer and its ...
Fotopoulos Christos - - 2009
Recognising the need for a more statistically robust instrument to investigate general food selection determinants, the research validates and confirms Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ's) factorial design, develops ad hoc a more robust FCQ version and tests its ability to discriminate between consumer segments in terms of the importance they assign ...
Prestwich Andrew - - 2008
Implementation intentions, namely specific plans regarding when, where and how an individual will act, increase the likelihood of action. There is evidence that implementation intentions should be particularly efficacious when combined with motivational interventions. However, this is yet to be tested in relation to the reduction of unhealthy behaviour. Thus ...
Kolodinsky Jane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Functional foods (FF)--foods containing nutritional supplements in addition to natural nutrients--have an increasing presence in the marketplace. Expanding on previous research, the authors investigated college students' acceptance of FF. PARTICIPANTS: In September--March 2004, 811 undergraduates in Canada, the United States, and France participated in the study. METHODS: A self-administered ...
Bovell-Benjamin A C - - 2009
Food and physical activity access and availability in two contrasting cities in Alabama were investigated. An in-outlet, observational, cross-sectional design was utilized to assess the opportunities for healthy food choices and physical activity. Thirty retail food outlets and 29 physical activity outlets were inventoried. None of the convenience stores carried ...
Scott, Willie Henry Jr.
We designed a mail survey to investigate consumer choices between whole-grain and regular grain products. Consumption of whole-grain foods has been linked to numerous health benefits including reduced risk of heart disease, diabetes and obesity. The prevalence of obesity has increased in recent decades and has been shown to be ...
Carrus Giuseppe - - 2009
The role of group and individual variables in the purchasing of ethnical food products was tested through an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) model. A total of 100 Indian female immigrants, living in Rome, Italy, were administered a self-reported questionnaire measuring the classical TPB variables (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived ...
Aïn Syrina Al - - 2009
A wealth of research in infants and animals demonstrates discrimination of quantities, in some cases nonverbal numerical perception, and even elementary calculation capacities. We investigated the ability of three African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) to select the largest amount of food between two sets, either discrete food items (experiment 1) ...
Hackett A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food deserts are thought to be a barrier to making healthier food choices. This concept has been challenged. The interaction between the physical environment and children's food choice has received little attention. The present study used food intake data to generate hypotheses concerning the role of the physical environment ...
Heilbronner Sarah R - - 2008
Human and non-human animals tend to avoid risky prospects. If such patterns of economic choice are adaptive, risk preferences should reflect the typical decision-making environments faced by organisms. However, this approach has not been widely used to examine the risk sensitivity in closely related species with different ecologies. Here, we ...
Verbeke Wim - - 2008
Consumers' food choices and dietary behaviour can be markedly affected by communication and information. Whether the provided information is processed by the receiver, and thus becomes likely to be effective, depends on numerous factors. The role of selected determinants such as uncertainty, knowledge, involvement, health-related motives and trust, as well ...
Stafford Lorenzo D - - 2008
Motivational state has been found to influence visual attentional bias and evaluation of food-related stimuli. The study here aimed to extend this research to investigate whether such biases are also evident in the auditory domain and whether motivational state is associated with changes in the implicit evaluation of food words. ...
Beran Michael J - - 2008
Nonhuman animals reliably select the largest of two or more sets of discrete items, particularly if those items are food items. However, many studies of these numerousness judgments fail to control for confounds between amount of food e.g., mass or volume) and number of food items. Stimulus dimensions other than ...
Trout Kimberly K - - 2008
The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate possible differences in insulin sensitivity, food intake, and cravings between the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Subjects were screened for PMS using the Penn Daily Symptom Rating (DSR) scale. Each subject had ...
Ares Gastón - - 2008
The aims of the present work were to study motives underlying Uruguayan consumers' food choice behaviour and to study the consumption frequency of some selected food items. A modification of the Food Choice Questionnaire and a food frequency questionnaire was administered to a group of 200 Uruguayan consumers. Feeling good ...
Tuu Ho Huy - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to apply the conceptual framework of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to explain the consumption of a common food (fish) in Vietnam. We seek to understand the role of norms in explaining intention to consume, and descriptive norms is included as extensions of ...
Martin Corby K - - 2008
This pilot study tested the relation between food cravings and food intake in the laboratory. Participants (n=91; mean BMI=35.1 kg/m2) completed the Food Craving Inventory to measure cravings for sweets, fats, carbohydrates, and fast food fats, and a taste test consisting of four foods (jelly beans, M&M's, regular potato chips, ...
Matsushima Toshiya - - 2008
Studies on the foraging choices are reviewed, with an emphasis on the neural representations of elementary factors of food (i.e., amount, delay and consumption time) in the avian brain. Domestic chicks serve as an ideal animal model in this respect, as they quickly associate cue colors with subsequently supplied food ...
King Lorraine - - 2008
The marketing of foods to children has been criticised by parents and academics alike and the control of such advertising is being considered by politicians. Much of the current research focuses on TV advertising. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exposure to printed advertisements for healthy, less healthy ...
Barker M M Food Choice Group, MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2008
Women of lower educational attainment have less balanced and varied diets than women of higher educational attainment. The diets of women are vital to the long-term health of their offspring. The present study aimed to identify factors that influence the food choices of women with lower educational attainment and how ...
Krutulyte Rasa - - 2008
Growing consumer awareness of functional foods and understanding of their positive nutritional effects have led to the need of specific studies and have captured more attention than ever before. In Europe, Danish consumers have been found to be relatively negative towards the concept of functional foods. This paper presents the ...
Pietras Cynthia J - - 2008
The energy-budget rule is an optimal foraging model that predicts that choice should be risk averse when net gains plus reserves meet energy requirements (positive energy-budget conditions) and risk prone when net gains plus reserves fall below requirements (negative energy-budget conditions). Studies have shown that the energy-budget rule provides a ...
Pragle, Aimee S.
The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitudes, practices and barriers related to handwashing in the restaurant environment. The study was designed with multidimensional study tools to include: a focus group conversation with questions to food workers to develop an initial understanding of knowledge, practice and attitudes ...
Jelinski Murray D - - 2008
The objective of this study was to describe the demographics of the Class of 2006, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, and to determine which factors influenced the graduates' career path choices. Data were collected via an on-line survey and the response rate was 95.7% (67/70). The majority (57%) of graduates ...
Barbier Edward B - - 2008
A common assumption is that ecosystem services respond linearly to changes in habitat size. This assumption leads frequently to an "all or none" choice of either preserving coastal habitats or converting them to human use. However, our survey of wave attenuation data from field studies of mangroves, salt marshes, seagrass ...
Wang Wei C - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between ideological beliefs, perceptions of the importance of health behaviours, health attitudes, food consumption, and Body Mass Index (BMI). A behavioural model was hypothesized based on the Theory of Reasoned Action (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975). A survey was conducted among shoppers ...
Amarra Ma Sofia V - - 2008
Food consumption patterns in Asia are rapidly changing. Urbanization and changing lifestyles have diminished the consumption of traditional meals based on cereals, vegetables and root crops. These changes are accompa-nied by an increasing prevalence of chronic diseases among Asian populations. ILSI Southeast Asia and CSIRO, Australia jointly organized the Symposium ...
Martin Robyn - - 2008
Obesity levels in England are significantly higher than in much of the rest of Europe. This article examines aspects of the physical and cultural context of food consumption in England, and the evolution of government policy on obesity, as a background to an analysis of how law might play a ...
Waladkhani A R - - 2008
Stress is associated with both psychological and biological adaptation. Chronic stress, however, impairs adaptation, and may finally lead to illness, in part through unhealthy changes in nutritional behavior. This chapter shows how physiological and psychological stress responses are affected by different food ingredients, and how stress affects health behavior, for ...
Koehler Jacqueline - - 2008
Due to the increasing proportion of the elderly in the European Union knowledge of health and nutritional status has to be complemented by studies focused on food preferences and health behavior. A comprehensive literature review has been conducted. The state of the art documents a gap in understanding why differences ...
Hammond Gail K - - 2008
PURPOSE: To gain insight into the decision-making processes used by women when selecting dairy and dairy alternative foods, including examination of the role of bone health concerns. METHODS: Semi-structured, point-of-purchase interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 30 female grocery shoppers. Constant comparative data analysis was used to generate ...
Fregni Felipe - - 2008
We aimed to assess whether modulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLFPC) with noninvasive brain stimulation, namely transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), modifies food craving in healthy subjects. We performed a randomized sham-controlled cross-over study in which 23 subjects received sham and active tDCS (anode left/cathode right and anode right/cathode ...
Bodenlos Jamie S - - 2008
Recently, we conducted the first study to date on the effects of VNS on food cravings among depressed adults and concluded that VNS activation appears to acutely alter food cravings in depressed adults. Interestingly, we found that VNS device activation was associated with acute increases in cravings in some participants, ...
Whitfield Jacobson Pamela J - - 2007
Long-haul truckers are confined, by parking regulations and other constraints, to dining at truck-stop restaurants. Objectives were to (a) compare truckers' anthropometrics with recommended guidelines; and (b) assess eating/exercise habits, importance of healthful food choices, and attitudes about restaurants' provision of healthful options. Hypotheses were: (a) overweight/obese drivers will place ...
Hillhouse Joel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To identify indoor tanning patterns with relevance for health screening and prevention efforts. DESIGN: We collected data on indoor tanning patterns from January 17, 2006, through April 14, 2006. By cluster analysis, 4 patterns of indoor tanning were identified: special event, spontaneous or mood, mixed, and regular year-round tanning. ...
Sun Yu-Hua Christine - - 2008
This study addresses how various health concerns might influence not only consumers' food choice motives but also consumers' subsequent attitudes toward healthy eating. This study expects that those consumers with greater health concerns would have different food choice motives and better attitudes toward healthy eating. A self-completion questionnaire was used ...
Czyzewska Maria - - 2008
The study compared implicit and explicit attitudes to three types of foods (high-calorie non-sweet HCNS, high-calorie sweet HCS and low-calorie LC) among females varying in BMI status. Eight three participants completed an affective priming task (implicit attitudes), followed by explicit rating of food images. The results of ANOVA showed a ...
Genty Emilie E Department of Ecology, Physiology, and Ethology, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Centre National de la Recherche - - 2007
When presented a choice between two food-type arrays of equivalent size under a reverse-reward contingency, black (Eulemur macaco) and brown (Eulemur fulvus) lemurs transposed their self-control abilities, acquired in a previous experiment, to significantly select the less-desired food item in order to gain access to the more desired one. However, ...
Gibson E L - - 2008
In a recent research report, [Bodenlos et al. 2007. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) acutely alters food craving in adults with depression. Appetite, 48, 145-153] concluded that, in depressed patients, acute activation of a device for VNS caused a significant change in cravings specifically for sweet foods. We argue that there ...
Bava Christina M - - 2008
The present research explores food provisioning practices within women's lives. By drawing upon French social scientist Pierre Bourdieu's notions of habitus, cultural capital and field, a conceptual framework of the complex process leading to food provisioning practices is developed and investigated. To this end, repeated semi-structured interviews, participant observation, diaries ...
Risvas Grigoris - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To measure factors affecting food choice in a sample of Greek schoolchildren attending 5th and 6th grade. DESIGN: Three self-administered questionnaires were distributed to the participants - one on nutritional knowledge, one on self-efficacy and social support for dietary change and a food-frequency questionnaire. SETTING: One hundred Greek primary ...
Biljana Skrbić - - 2008
Data on occurrence of six marker polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in 35 composite samples of some crop products (wholegrain wheat flour, edible sunflower oil and white sugar) and by-products of food processing industry (bran, dried sugar beet pulp and molasses) were collected and combined with food consumption data to assess the ...
Kyonka Elizabeth G E - - 2007
Pigeons were trained on a concurrent-chains procedure in which the initial link associated with the shorter terminal-link delay to food changed unpredictably across sessions. In the minimal-variation condition, delays were always 10 s and 20 s, whereas in the maximal-variation condition delays were generated pseudorandomly for each session. On some ...
Arvola A - - 2008
This study examined the usefulness of integrating measures of affective and moral attitudes into the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)-model in predicting purchase intentions of organic foods. Moral attitude was operationalised as positive self-rewarding feelings of doing the right thing. Questionnaire data were gathered in three countries: Italy (N=202), Finland ...
Komatsu Sakura - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to develop a preliminary version of the Food Craving Inventory for Japanese (FCI-J) and to investigate the phenomenon of food craving among Japanese females. One hundred and eighty-five female college students completed newly developed FCI-J. Factor analysis yielded conceptual factors that were interpreted ...
Brosnan Sarah F SF Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. - - 2007
Human behavior is not always consistent with standard rational choice predictions. Apparent deviations from rational choice predictions provide a promising arena for the merger of economics and biology [1-6]. Although little is known about the extent to which other species exhibit these seemingly irrational patterns [7-9], similarities across species would ...
White Katherine M - - 2007
Promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors is an important aspect of interventions designed to improve the management of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The present study used Ajzen's (1991) theory of planned behavior as a framework to examine beliefs amongst adults diagnosed with these conditions who do ...
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