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Latty Tanya - - 2011
Most models of animal foraging and consumer choice assume that individuals make choices based on the absolute value of items and are therefore 'economically rational'. However, frequent violations of rationality by animals, including humans, suggest that animals use comparative valuation rules. Are comparative valuation strategies a consequence of the way ...
Freedman Marjorie R MR Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Packaging, San José State University, One Washington Square, San José, CA 95192-0058, USA. - - 2010
The goal of point-of-purchase (POP) nutrition information is to help consumers make informed, healthful choices. Despite limited evaluation, these population-based approaches are being advocated to replace traditional, more expensive, individual behavior-change strategies. Few studies have examined the effect of POP information on buying patterns of college students, a group with ...
Marshall-Pescini S - - 2011
Dogs are highly skilled in understanding a large variety of human social cues and use them appropriately to solve a number of different cognitive tasks. They rely on human signals even when these are contradictory or misleading and ultimately prevent them from correctly solving a task. In the following two ...
Alvarenga Marle Santos MS Department of Nutrition - Public Health School, University of Sao Paulo, Avenida Doutor Arnaldo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2010
Eating attitudes are defined as beliefs, thoughts, feelings, behaviors and relationship with food. They could influence people's food choices and their health status. This study aimed to adapt from Portuguese to English the Disordered Eating Attitude Scale (DEAS) and evaluate its validity and reliability. The original scale in Portuguese was ...
Mazur James E - - 2010
Two experiments on discrete-trial choice examined the conditions under which pigeons would exhibit exclusive preference for the better of two alternatives as opposed to distributed preference (making some choices for each alternative). In Experiment 1, pigeons chose between red and green response keys that delivered food after delays of different ...
Wilson A - - 2010
The study explored how African migrant communities living in North-West Melbourne, Australia, conceptualise and interpret the Australian food system from an intergenerational perspective and how this impacts on their attitudes and beliefs about food in Australia. Using a qualitative approach that involved 15 adolescents and 25 parents, the study found ...
Tucci S A - - 2010
Fifty-five women were recruited and assigned to a control group or an oral contraceptive (OC) use group. For the control groups menstrual cycle phase was determined using a menstrual calendar and only participants with regular cycles were recruited. Testing was carried out during a single day of the luteal and ...
Alberts Hugo J E M - - 2010
The present study examined whether mindfulness-based strategies can effectively reduce food cravings in an overweight and obese adult population. Individuals participating in a dietary group treatment for overweight received an additional 7-week manual based training that aimed to promote regulation of cravings by means of acceptance. The control group did ...
Cabañes Francisco Javier - - 2010
Ochratoxin A (OTA) producing fungi are members of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium. Nowadays, there are about 20 species accepted as OTA producers, which are distributed in three phylogenetically related but distinct groups of aspergilli of the subgenus Circumdati and only in two species of the subgenus Penicillium. At the ...
Crawford Paul - - 2010
This exploratory study set out to analyse discourse about 'friendly bacteria' by scrutinising data from focus groups convened to discuss participants' reasons for choosing probiotic food products and to set their use of probiotics in context in relation to other food choices. In discussing food choice and dietary patterns, participants ...
Hamlin Robert P - - 2010
This article examines the processes that occur within the consumer's head as they make a choice between alternative market offers at a low level of involvement. It discusses recent research that indicates that the Theory of Planned Behaviour and its derivatives have restricted validity as a predictor of food consumers' ...
Fitzgerald Amanda - - 2010
Food choices established during childhood and adolescence tend to persist into adulthood with consequences for long-term health. Yet, to date, relatively little research has examined factors that influence the food choices of children and adolescents from their perspectives. In this article, previous research is extended by examining developmental differences between ...
Temple Norman J - - 2011
We investigated the availability of healthier food choices and whether a healthier diet costs more than a diet commonly eaten by low-income families in South Africa. We visited 21 food stores in 14 rural towns of the Western Cape province of South Africa. We recorded the price and availability of ...
Vyth Ellis L - - 2010
A front-of-pack nutrition logo on products with relatively favourable product compositions might help consumers to make more healthful choices. Studies investigating actual nutrition label use in point-of-purchase settings are scarce. The present study investigates the use of the 'Choices' nutrition logo in Dutch supermarkets. Adults were asked to complete a ...
Maley Mary - - 2010
To understand how members of a rural community perceive the effect of the built, natural, and social environments on their food choice and physical activity behaviors. A constructivist community environmental assessment was conducted including 17 individual qualitative interviews, 2 focus groups, and photo elicitation (n = 27) in a rural ...
Yen Ju-Yu JY Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City, - - 2010
This study aimed to: (1) evaluate food craving and high-sweet-fat food craving across the menstrual cycle; (2) compare the craving and explicit/implicit emotional response to different food; and (3) investigate the reward sensitivity among PMDD and control groups. The PMDD group without treatment history and control group were evaluated for ...
Hoefling Atilla - - 2010
The present work was to examine the influence of food deprivation on food choice. For this purpose hungry versus satiated subjects were presented with a series of choices between two snacks in a complete block design of pairwise comparisons. Snacks systematically varied with respect to subjects' idiosyncratic taste preferences (preferred ...
Peterson Sharon - - 2010
Determine the effects of a short-term, multi-faceted, point-of-selection intervention on college students' perceptions and selection of 10 targeted healthful foods in a university dining hall and changes in their self-reported overall eating behaviors. 104 college students, (age 18-23) completed pre-I and post-I surveys. Pre-survey collected at dining hall in April ...
Lv Nan - - 2010
To investigate the family food system in first-generation Chinese American families. Qualitative interviews using reciprocal determinism constructs to understand influences on food choices. Weekend Chinese schools in Pennsylvania. Twenty couples with at least 1 child aged 5 or older enrolled in a Chinese school in 1 of 3 sites in ...
Jenks Rebecca A - - 2011
There is some evidence to suggest that young women dieters who smoke experience greater cigarette cravings in the presence of food-related related cues. The aim of this experiment was to examine reactivity to both smoking-related and water cues by dieting and non-dieting women smokers in the presence or absence of ...
Isaacs Bronwyn Alison - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A preliminary investigation into different eating patterns among Thai consumers who shop at fresh markets as opposed to supermarkets in Chiang Mai. DESIGN: A short questionnaire adopted from a previous study was administered to the forty-four participants, who comprised supermarket users, fresh market users and people who consistently shopped ...
Kronick Ilana - - 2010
The compensatory beliefs model proposes that when faced with temptation, people form intentions to behaviourally compensate for indulgence. By creating a scenario in which female dieters were either faced with a tempting, high caloric food choice or not, this experiment tested the hypotheses that (1) dieters form compensatory intentions when ...
Sealy Yvette M - - 2010
This article examines obesity among minority parents and children in the context of culture, socioeconomic status, and the parent-child dyad. Knowing parental attitudes about eating habits, food preparation, and dietary guidelines is crucial to addressing childhood obesity. Parents of African American, Caribbean, and Hispanic descent participated in focus groups to ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2010
Over the past century, a major shift in North American food practices has been taking place. However, the literature on this topic is lacking in several areas. Some available research on food and cooking practices in the current context is presented, with a focus on how these are affecting health ...
Waterlander Wilma E - - 2010
Pricing strategies are mentioned frequently as a potentially effective tool to stimulate healthy eating, mainly for consumers with a low socio-economic status. Still, it is not known how these consumers perceive pricing strategies, which pricing strategies are favoured and what contextual factors are important in achieving the anticipated effects. We ...
Johnson Cassandra M - - 2010
Many complex and subtle aspects relating to mothers and food choice are not well understood. Mothers play a primary role in their children's food choices, but research has not specifically examined how matrilineal family members who do not reside in the same household, such as a mother's mother, aunt, or ...
Mahler Stephen V - - 2010
Pavlovian conditioning plays a critical role in both drug addiction and binge eating. Recent animal research suggests that certain individuals are highly sensitive to conditioned cues, whether they signal food or drugs. Are certain humans also more reactive to both food and drug cues? We examined cue-induced craving for both ...
Ireland Robin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although there is growing awareness of the impact of diet on health, little attention has been given to the food available in our sports stadia. We used a football club (Citygrene FC) - Citygrene is a fictional name - in the English Premier League as a case study to ...
Kemps Eva - - 2009
In this study, we investigated attentional biases for craving-related food cues. A pictorial dot probe task was used to assess selective attentional processing of one particular highly desired food, namely chocolate, relative to that of other highly desired foods. In Experiment 1, we examined biased processing of chocolate cues in ...
Sobal Jeffery - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Food choice decisions are frequent, multifaceted, situational, dynamic, and complex and lead to food behaviors where people acquire, prepare, serve, give away, store, eat, and clean up. Many disciplines and fields examine decision making. PURPOSE: Several classes of theories are applicable to food decision making, including social behavior, social ...
Salvy Sarah-Jeanne SJ Department of Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Farber Hall, Room G56, 3435 Main Street, Building #26, Buffalo, NY 14214-3000, USA. - - 2009
Behavioral economics offers a framework to understand choice among alternatives. There is no research on the interrelationship between food and social activity in overweight and non-overweight children. The purpose of this study is to test the substitutability of food and social interactions using behavioral economic methods in overweight and non-overweight ...
Kim Jooyoung - - 2009
Recent risk management research has noted the importance of understanding how the lay public processes and reacts to risk-related information. Guided by the multiple-motive heuristic-systematic model, this study examines (1) how individuals process messages in the context of genetically modified foods to change their attitudes and (2) how the persuasion ...
Skidmore Paula P School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7JT, - - 2010
Poor diet in childhood increases risk of obesity but the relationship between access to food and children's food choice is underexplored. We determined relationships between distance to and density of food outlets on children's food choice. Children (n 1721) aged 9-10 years who participated in a cross-sectional study from a ...
Zoellner Jamie - - 2010
To explore cultural perceptions of the MyPyramid key messages and identify factors that may impact adoption of these recommendations. Systematic content analysis of transcripts from in-depth, structured interviews with 23 adults, primarily African American females, residing in the Lower Mississippi Delta. When asked to identify good reasons to follow the ...
Amita Hidetoshi H Laboratory for Animal Behaviour and Intelligence, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, - - 2010
Social factors involved in the control of impulsiveness were examined in domestic chicks. In binary choices between a large/long-delay option (LL) and a small/short-delay alternative (SS), chicks that had been competitively trained in groups of three individuals showed fewer choices of LL than did those trained in isolation (experiment 1), ...
Dahm Molly J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether student awareness and attitudes about organic foods would predict their behaviors with regard to organic food consumption and other healthy lifestyle practices. A secondary purpose was to determine whether attitudes about similar eco-friendly practices would result in socially conscious behaviors. ...
Camus Mickael - - 2009
Several studies have found decision-making-related value signals in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). However, it is unknown whether the DLPFC plays a causal role in decision-making, or whether it implements computations that are correlated with valuations, but that do not participate in the valuation process itself. We addressed this question ...
Pohjanheimo Terhi - - 2010
This study addresses the effect of personal values on consumers' food choice motives and on the liking of bread. A total of 224 consumers participated in the study in three groups: traditional and hedonistic consumers, who presented opposite value types according to the Schwartz value theory, and a control group. ...
Locher J L - - 2009
The purpose of this paper is to identify: motivations and perceived barriers associated with food choices made by homebound older adults; whether motivations and perceived barriers vary according to social demographic characteristics; and whether motivations and perceived barriers are associated with dietary quality. This was an observational study using standard ...
Beran Michael J MJ Language Research Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303-5010, USA. - - 2009
The authors investigated choice behavior by chimpanzees in five experiments involving choices between different amounts of food. Chimpanzees did not maximize the amount of food they obtained when choosing between a single 20-g banana piece and another option containing a 20-g piece and a 5-g piece. This was true even ...
Wang Jing J Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, - - 2010
Uptake of advice for lifestyle change for obesity and diabetes prevention requires access to affordable 'healthy' foods (high in fibre/low in sugar and fat). The present study aimed to examine the availability and accessibility of 'healthy' foods in rural and urban New Zealand. We identified and visited ('mapped') 1230 food ...
Veldhuizen M G - - 2010
The aim of this study was to explore the use of oral flavor stimuli in an implicit measure of attitudes; the affective priming paradigm. Unpleasant (cold instant coffee) and pleasant (strawberry lemonade) chemosensory flavor stimuli were used as primes in an affective cross-modal priming paradigm. Target stimuli were food words ...
Rejeski W Jack WJ Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA. - - 2010
The startle response has been shown to be useful in studying reactivity to food cues. Following 6h of food deprivation and exposure to neutral and food cues, we examined the role of state craving combined with both a short and long delay of consumption on affect and startle reflex. Participants ...
Just David R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Consumers regularly and predictably behave in ways that contradict standard assumptions of economic analysis such that they make decisions that prevent them from reaching rationally intended goals. These contradictions play a significant role with respect to consumers' food decisions and the effect these decisions have on their health. DISCUSSION: ...
Pliner Patricia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine women's food choices after exposure to a threatening upward social comparison in an achievement situation. METHOD: Female university students performed three tasks in the presence of a confederate; for some, the situation was competitive and they were made to feel the confederate was likely to outperform them, ...
Devine Carol M - - 2009
How work conditions relate to parents' food choice coping strategies. Pilot telephone survey. City in the northeastern United States (US). Black, white, and Hispanic employed mothers (25) and fathers (25) randomly recruited from low-/moderate-income zip codes; 78% of those reached and eligible participated. Sociodemographic characteristics; work conditions (hours, shift, job ...
Gil Sandrine - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence on time perception of pictures showing liked or disliked foods in comparison with a neutral picture. Healthy adults performed a temporal bisection task in which they had to categorize the presentation duration of pictures (neutral, liked, and disliked foods) as ...
Vermeer Willemijn M - - 2010
Large food portion sizes are determinants of a high caloric intake, especially if they have been made attractive through value size pricing (i.e. lower unit prices for large than for small portion sizes). The purpose of the two questionnaire studies that are reported in this article was to assess the ...
Pieniak Zuzanna - - 2009
This study investigates the association between traditional food consumption and motives for food choice in six European countries. Cross-sectional data were collected through the TRUEFOOD pan-European consumer survey (n = 4828) with samples representative for age, gender and region in Belgium, France, Italy, Norway, Poland and Spain. Importance attached to ...
Lim Siew S - - 2009
Reproductive disorders and psychological distress are common co-morbidities of obesity in young women. Psychological and reproductive disturbances may also be associated with increased food cravings but the relationships between these factors have not been explored. This study aimed to explore the pattern of food cravings and to determine the relationship ...
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