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Stevens Lesley - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare food choices and nutrient intakes of pupils taking a school lunch or a packed lunch in eighty secondary schools in England, following the introduction of the food-based and nutrient-based standards for school food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected between October 2010 and April 2011. Pupils' lunchtime food choices ...
Bernal A - - 2013
This study analyzed the effects of systemic oxytocin (OT) administration and 48-h food deprivation on the polydipsia, hyperphagia, and polyuria produced by electrolytic lesions of the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH). In a first experiment, food deprivation transiently decreased the polydipsic response, whereas food deprivation plus OT administration reduced the water intake ...
Koenigstorfer Joerg - - 2013
Fitness cues on food packages are a common marketing practice in the food sector. This study aims to find out whether and how fitness cues influence food consumption. The results of two field studies show that, even though eating fitness-cued food does not help consumers become more fit, the claims ...
Nunez Maria Fernanda - - 2013
The high intake of dietary sodium (Na(+)) has been associated with obesity and insulin resistance, sparking the hypothesis that the consumption of salty foods affects food intake (FI) and postprandial blood glucose (BG) response. Therefore, we conducted 2 randomized repeated-measures experiments to examine the acute effects of the Na(+) content ...
Gould Kristy L - - 2013
The relative size of the avian hippocampus (Hp) has been shown to be related to spatial memory and food storing in two avian families, the parids and corvids. Basil et al. [Brain Behav Evol 1996;47:156-164] examined North American food-storing birds in the corvid family and found that Clark's nutcrackers had ...
Macinga David R - - 2013
In vivo efficacies of 2 alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) products (gel and foam) were evaluated at a volume of 1.1 mL. Both met US Food and Drug Administration log(10) reduction requirements after a single application and 10 consecutive applications. This is the first study to identify ABHR formulations capable of ...
Korošec Mojca - - 2013
The preliminary Slovenian food composition database was created in 2003, through the application of the Data management and Alimenta nutritional software. In the subsequent projects, data on the composition of meat and meat products of Slovenian origin were gathered from analyses, and low-quality data of the preliminary database were discarded. ...
Friedrich Mariola M Department of Human Nutrition Physiology, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, - - 2013
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine, on the animal model, the effect of modifi cation of diet composition and administration of selected food additives on water balance in the body. Material and methods. The study was conducted with 48 males and 48 females (separately for each sex) ...
Lee Seung-Eun - - 2013
Taurine is one of most abundant free amino acids in mammalian tissue. It has been used for various health functional foods as a main ingredient in food industry. A 33-year-old female patient repeatedly experienced generalized itching, urticaria, dyspnea and dizziness after drinking taurine-containing drinks. The patient showed positive response to ...
Christoforou Anthea Kay - - 2013
Australians consume substantially more sodium than recommended. Three quarters of dietary sodium derives from processed food and the growing ready meal category is a significant contributor. This study examined changes in sodium levels of Australian ready meal products between 2008 and 2011. Sodium data were systematically collected from all product ...
Moreno-Rojas Rafael - - 2013
A probabilistic model was developed to estimate the intake level for Fe, Zn, Ca, P, Mg, Mn, Cu, Na, and K derived from consumption of weaning foods in Spain. They were pooled into 10 different categories based on the main ingredient used in its formulation (chicken, chicken-veal, hake, ham, varied ...
Manore Melinda M - - 2013
Management of weight is an ever-increasing challenge in societies where good tasting food is convenient, relatively inexpensive, and abundant. Developing a weight management plan is essential for everyone, including athletes that expend high amounts of energy in their sport. This brief review addresses the concept of dynamic energy balance and ...
Dézerald Olivier - - 2013
Little is known of how linkage patterns between species change along environmental gradients. The small, spatially discrete food webs inhabiting tank-bromeliads provide an excellent opportunity to analyse patterns of community diversity and food-web topology (connectance, linkage density, nestedness) in relation to key environmental variables (habitat size, detrital resource, incident radiation) ...
Ekmekcioglu Cem C Institute of Environmental Health, Centre for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2013
Humans evolved on potassium-rich diets containing only small amounts of sodium. Nowadays, sodium intake considerably exceeds potassium intake. However, from the evolutionary point of view we are not accustomed to such high salt (sodium chloride) ingestion. The consequences of a high dietary salt intake are primarily elevated blood pressure with ...
Tabara Aya - - 2012
We baked low-calorie bread by mixing charred cellulose granules with wheat flour, using the charred cellulose granules to eliminate toxic xanthene food dyes contained in processed foods from the alimentary canal. The size of the charred cellulose granules played an important role in determining good breadmaking properties in respect of ...
van der Sman R G M - - 2013
This paper investigates whether moisture diffusion can be predicted for food materials. We focus especially on mixtures of glucose homopolymers and water. The predictions are based on three theories: (1) the Darken relation, linking the mutual diffusivity to the self diffusivities, (2) the generalised Stokes-Einstein relation for the solute self ...
Martine Blanchard - - 2012
Human exposure to phthalates was assessed through digestive and respiratory intakes. Six phthalates (DMP, DEP, DnBP, BBP, DEHP, DnOP) were investigated in drinking water, in current foodstuff and in ambient air. Digestive intake was prevailing (92 %) with a major contribution of food (95.5 %). Phthalate intake from water was mainly due ...
Scharmüller Wilfried - - 2012
This voxel-based morphometry study investigated whether the personality trait disgust proneness is associated with grey matter volume (GMV) of distinct brain regions implicated in disgust processing. We analyzed brain structural data from 99 healthy women, who had rated their tendency to experience disgust for different disgust domains (offensive food, death, ...
Keogh Jennifer B - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To identify food sources of Na in a group of community-dwelling women in Adelaide, South Australia. A secondary aim was to measure Na excretion in this group. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Community setting, Adelaide, South Australia. SUBJECTS: Seventy healthy women (mean age 48·6 (sd 8·1) years, mean BMI 28·6 (sd ...
Chambers Adam P - - 2012
Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) is a restrictive procedure that reduces food intake to produce weight loss. Here we assess volume and nutrient effects on the ingestive behavior of VSG and sham surgery animals. Rats given access to Ensure or pelleted chow were used to determine if liquid foods would adversely ...
van Egmond-Fröhlich Andreas W A - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the association between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and potentially obesogenic behaviors. Data of 11,676 German children and adolescents (6-17 years) were analyzed. Television/video exposure, physical activity, food frequency and portion size were assessed using questionnaires. A dietary quality index, energy density ...
Yue Yaofeng Y Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2012
Food portion size measurement combined with a database of calories and nutrients is important in the study of metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. In this work, we present a convenient and accurate approach to the calculation of food volume by measuring several dimensions using a single 2-D image ...
Jia Wenyan W Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, - - 2012
A novel method to estimate the 3D location of a circular feature from a 2D image is presented and applied to the problem of objective dietary assessment from images taken by a wearable device. Instead of using a common reference (e.g., a checkerboard card), we use a food container (e.g., ...
Romanchik-Cerpovicz Joelle E - - 2011
Fortification can help individuals achieve adequate nutritional intake. Foods may be fortified with soy flour as a source of protein for individuals limiting their intake of animal products, either due to personal dietary preference or to reduce their intake of saturated fat, a known risk factor for heart disease. This ...
János Gál - - 2011
The authors describe a solitary adenoma in a 5.5-year-old female Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus). The tumour was partially blocking the lumen of the proventriculus and filled it almost completely. Decreased passage of food towards the gizzard and the intestines developed in the bird as result of the obstruction, which periodically hindered ...
Simmons Amber L - - 2011
The consumption of nutrient-poor snack foods in Western diets is thought to be contributing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and diabetes. Soy offers unique potential to provide high quality protein, dietary fiber, and phytochemicals to snack foods to produce a more healthful nutritional profile. In this study, 27.3% of ...
Tillman P G - - 2011
In southeastern United States farmscapes, corn, Zea mays L., is often closely associated with peanut, (Arachis hypogaea L.), cotton, (Gossypium hirsutum L.), or both. The objective of this 3-yr on-farm study was to examine the influence of corn on stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), Nezara viridula (L.), and Euschistus servus (Say), ...
Sethi Shruti S Division of Post Harvest Technology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012 - - 2014
Owing to rapid urbanization and more women joining the workforce, use of ready-to-eat and ready-to-use convenience foods is gaining increasing popularity. Women require dhal that cooks fast and increases in volume when cooked. In an attempt to prepare quick cooking dhal from pigeon pea, variety UPAS 120 was milled, pre-treated ...
Fantke Peter - - 2011
Human intake of pesticide residues from consumption of processed food plays an important role for evaluating current agricultural practice. We take advantage of latest developments in crop-specific plant uptake modeling and propose an innovative dynamic model to estimate pesticide residues in the wheat-environment system, dynamiCROP. We used this model to ...
Cavallaro Elizabeth - - 2011
Contaminated food ingredients can affect multiple products, each distributed through various channels and consumed in multiple settings. Beginning in November 2008, we investigated a nationwide outbreak of salmonella infections. A case was defined as laboratory-confirmed infection with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Typhimurium occurring between September 1, 2008, and April ...
Kagalwalla Amir F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disorder triggered by food antigen(s). A 6-food elimination diet (SFED) excluding cow's milk, soy, wheat, egg, peanuts/tree nuts, and seafood has been shown to induce remission in a majority of children with EoE. The goal of the present study was to ...
Sheth Anandi N - - 2011
Background. Salmonella serotype Tennessee is a rare cause of the estimated 1 million cases of salmonellosis occurring annually in the United States. In January 2007, we began investigating a nationwide increase in Salmonella Tennessee infections. Methods. We defined a case as Salmonella Tennessee infection in a patient whose isolate demonstrated 1 of ...
Speake Stephen W - - 2011
Throughout the 19(th) century and early decades of the 20(th) century, milk was a dangerous food that required state intervention to make it safe. Throughout this period, the germ theory of contagious disease came to prominence, but could not explicitly determine the causal relationships linking germs, milk, and human illness. ...
Riazuddin - - 2011
The undesirable effects of green revolution include residues of extensively used pesticides in various food commodities. Several studies showed that pesticides could cause health problems. Keeping in view the problem of pesticide residues in various food commodities, the present study was conducted on domestic stored wheat as well as on ...
Ma Wenqi - - 2011
Increasing fertilizer phosphorus (P) application in agriculture has greatly contributed to the increase of crop yields during the last decades in China but it has also increased P flows in food production and consumption. The relationship between P use efficiency and P flow is not well quantified at national level. ...
Delcour Jan A - - 2011
The unique properties of wheat reside primarily in its gluten-forming storage proteins. Their intrinsic viscoelastic behavior is responsible for the characteristics of different wheat-based foods and for the use of wheat gluten proteins in different food products. Wheat-based food processing generally develops and sets the gluten protein network. Heat-induced gluten ...
Rosati Alexandra G - - 2011
Although recent research has investigated animal decision-making under risk, little is known about how animals choose under conditions of ambiguity when they lack information about the available alternatives. Many models of choice behaviour assume that ambiguity does not impact decision-makers, but studies of humans suggest that people tend to be ...
Rowe Jill - - 2010
The author of this study conducted focus groups with African American women to explore their perspectives on obesity, disease causation, and their ideas on the functionality of cultural, social, historical, environmental, and psychological forces in altering healthy eating habits. Reoccurring themes centered on four areas: (a) the definition of health ...
Claudino A M - - 2011
In people with bulimic eating disorders, exposure to high-calorie foods can result in increases in food craving, raised subjective stress and salivary cortisol concentrations. This cue-induced food craving can be reduced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). We investigated whether rTMS has a similar effect on salivary cortisol concentrations, a ...
Hammond G K - - 2011
The incidence of osteoporosis is predicted to increase as Western populations age. Diet is considered to be an important modifiable factor in bone health, yet the diets of many women are insufficient in calcium and vitamin D, which comprise two key nutrients for bone health. This focus group study explored ...
Allen Caroline F CF Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK. - - 2010
Intravaginal and menstrual practices may potentially influence results of trials of microbicides for HIV prevention through effects on the vaginal environment and on adherence to microbicide and placebo products. As part of the feasibility study for the Microbicides Development Programme Phase 3 trial of a vaginal microbicide in Mwanza, a ...
Belzer Lisa M - - 2010
Pregnancy is associated with increased sweet food cravings, but the relationship between sweet cravings and dietary intake remains uncertain. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is glucose intolerance first recognized during pregnancy. GDM may further perpetuate sweet food cravings and intake in pregnancy, although this has not been investigated. This study longitudinally ...
van Dijk Heleen - - 2011
The risk analysis of the health impact of foods is increasingly focused on integrated risk-benefit assessment, which will also need to be communicated to consumers. It therefore becomes important to understand how consumers respond to integrated risk-benefit information. Quality-adjusted-life-years (QALYs) is one measure that can be used to assess the ...
Botonaki Anna - - 2010
The increasing importance of convenience in consumer food choices has attracted researchers' interest. In the effort to understand how convenience affects consumers' food preferences, values are believed to play an important role. The present study attempts to examine the way personal values suggested by Schwartz (1992) are associated with behaviour ...
Bellows Anne C - - 2010
Food choice is influenced by consumer attitudes towards food attributes. This U.S.-based study (n = 601) simultaneously compares attitudes towards selected food attributes of organic, locally grown, U.S. grown, and GM-free food in relation to other food attributes. Exploratory factor analysis identifies underlying constructs that determine, together and separately, female ...
Tornick Jan K - - 2011
Heterospecific cues, such as gaze direction and body position, may be an important source of information that an animal can use to infer the location of resources like food. The use of heterospecific cues has been largely investigated using primates, dogs, and other mammals; less is known about whether birds ...
Radermacher Harriet - - 2010
To investigate the experiences and barriers to food security of community-dwelling older people. Quantitative questionnaire and 5 focus group discussions using purposive sampling. Shire of Melton, Victoria, Australia. Thirty-seven people (13 male and 24 female), between 58 and 85 years of age, from Anglo-Celtic (15), Macedonian (6), Serbian (8), and ...
Fjellström Christina - - 2010
Large proportions of people with dementia live at home and need help from a relative. The aim of the current study was to examine how people living with persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD) perceived everyday life aspects of food choices, cooking, and food-related work. The analyses are based on focus ...
Latty Tanya - - 2011
Most models of animal foraging and consumer choice assume that individuals make choices based on the absolute value of items and are therefore 'economically rational'. However, frequent violations of rationality by animals, including humans, suggest that animals use comparative valuation rules. Are comparative valuation strategies a consequence of the way ...
Freedman Marjorie R MR Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Packaging, San José State University, One Washington Square, San José, CA 95192-0058, USA. - - 2010
The goal of point-of-purchase (POP) nutrition information is to help consumers make informed, healthful choices. Despite limited evaluation, these population-based approaches are being advocated to replace traditional, more expensive, individual behavior-change strategies. Few studies have examined the effect of POP information on buying patterns of college students, a group with ...
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