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Holm L - - 1996
The study investigated the themes consumers discuss when describing their everyday considerations about food quality. Twenty Copenhagen families with young children were interviewed open-endedly concerning daily food-related practices and thoughts, making particular use of narrative descriptions of specific meals. Respondents expressed both positive and negative opinions about a broad variety ...
Sandyk R - - 1996
Pharmacological studies have implicated serotonergic (5-HT) neurons in the regulation of food intake and food preference. It has been shown that the urge to consume carbohydrate rich foods is regulated by 5-HT activity and that carbohydrate craving is triggered by 5-HT deficiency in the medical hypothalamus. Ingestion of carbohydrate foods ...
Furst T - - 1996
Interviews examining the food choice process were conducted with 29 adults, primarily individuals making grocery store food choice decisions, who were sampled for their diversity. These people were asked about how they chose foods when shopping and in other settings, and what influenced their choices. Verbatim transcripts of the interviews ...
Galef B G BG - - 1996
Understanding food selection will require considerably more than reductionist analyses of the internal workings of individual animals. To understand food choice we will have to examine not only the physiology and behavior of individuals, but also the biological and social environments within which individuals select items to ingest. The biological ...
Kuhnlein H V - - 1996
Traditional food systems of indigenous peoples are defined as being composed of items from the local, natural environment that are culturally acceptable. Rapid dietary change of indigenous peoples worldwide is posing threats to use of this food and the traditional knowledge required for traditional food system maintainance. This review describes ...
Stafleu A - - 1995
Family resemblance in beliefs, attitudes and intentions towards the consumption of 20 foods that contribute to the fat intake was investigated in 97 adult women, their mothers and their grandmothers. Mean correlation for elements from the Fishbein and Ajzen theory of reasoned action between younger and middle generations ranged from ...
Colizza D F - - 1995
This study examined the food choices of children 10 to 12 years of age to assess their knowledge of healthful food items. The subjects were 127 fifth and sixth grade boys and girls from public and private school systems. Data were gathered in the classroom. Students were asked to select ...
Hobden K - - 1995
In study 1, subjects who were high and low in trait food neophobia made a series of choices between novel or familiar foods in the presence of no model, a neophilic model who chose mostly novel foods, or a neophobic model who chose mostly familiar foods and made another series ...
Contento I R - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of weight status, dieting status and several associated variables to the criteria for everyday food choice used by adolescents. Study participants were 411 students between the ages of 11 and 18, drawn from 15 schools. The adolescents rated 20 food ...
Dye L - - 1995
The associations between retrospective ratings of food craving and depression during the premenstrual, menstrual and postmenstrual phases of the preceding menstrual cycle and ratings of current levels of stress and happiness of relationship were examined in 5,546 women. In each phase examined, the severity of food craving was very strongly ...
Kelder S H - - 1995
The Class of 1989 was part of the Minnesota Heart Health Program, a research and demonstration project designed to reduce cardiovascular disease in three intervention communities. This paper describes the long-term outcomes of a school- and community-based intervention on healthy eating behaviors in one intervention and matched reference community. Beginning ...
Lähteenmäki L - - 1995
The relationships between liking, variety-seeking tendency and choices were examined in six experimental lunch occasions, in which 26 young subjects freely chose sandwiches from a selection of eight fillings. Subjects rated their liking for the sandwiches during the first and sixth sessions and, among other attitude questionnaires, filled in the ...
Das D K - - 1995
Two hundred and forty two mothers in 7 villages of Narayanganj district, Bangladesh were interviewed to assess their knowledge and attitude regarding breastfeeding and weaning using pretested questionnaires, though 83.5% mothers knew that colostrum is good for the child, less than 8 percent of them gave it as the first ...
al-Kanhal M A - - 1995
The food habits during pregnancy were studied in Saudi women. The general plan of the study was to interview pregnant women about food cravings and avoidances during pregnancy. A systematic random sample of 321 pregnant women was chosen from three different primary health care centers in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi ...
Hill A J - - 1994
This study aimed to provide a detailed analysis of the experience of food craving in a healthy, non-clinical group of women. Twenty-five women who reported food cravings prospectively recorded their experiences over a period of 5 weeks using a Food Craving Record. The average number of cravings recorded was just ...
Nesheim M C - - 1994
Trained as an agricultural chemist by the great German scientists of that time, Atwater applied this knowledge to understanding what people ate and the factors that effected food selection. He addressed many of the questions that are still important today. He wanted to use knowledge of food composition to help ...
Perkins K A - - 1994
Cigarette smoking is associated with reduced body weight, an effect which has often been attributed to acute anorectic actions of nicotine. In this study, male and female smokers (n = 10 each), abstinent overnight from smoking and food, participated in three 2-h sessions, involving intermittent, controlled exposure to their usual ...
Gariano A C - - 1994
"This study analyses religious intermix in Australia for both married and de facto couples. It uses 1991 Australian Bureau of Statistics customised matrix data purchased by the author.... These data indicate that religious intermixing in Australia is only numerically significant amongst dominant religious groups.... It seems that in de facto ...
Harvey J - - 1993
It is commonly believed that dieting and the restriction of specific types of foods produces cravings for these foods. This study, therefore, compared changes in self-reported cravings experienced by 93 obese subjects with Type II diabetes who were randomly assigned to behavioral treatment programmes which used either: (a) a balanced, ...
Winkelstein M L - - 1993
The use of a theoretical model to predict consumption of sweet-tasting high-calorie foods following smoking cessation was investigated. The model included eight predictors: habit, intention, attitudes, subjective norms, self-efficacy, perceived barriers, social support, and smoking cessation. One hundred and fourteen individuals completed pre- and post-questionnaires and made pre- and post-snack ...
Schlundt D G - - 1993
This study compared 40 female participants in a behavioral weight loss program who frequently reported craving sweets to 40 who rarely reported craving sweets using 2-week behavioral eating diaries. The two groups were compared on physiological, demographic, and questionnaire measures and no significant differences were found. There were no significant ...
Stock L Z - - 1993
Three intervention packages consisting of (a) enhanced prompts, feedback, and social reinforcement; (b) a lottery; and (c) serving as a confederate were added and removed in sequence as adjacent conditions in an extended withdrawal design to assess their effects on the dietary choices of elderly persons. Participants were 3 elderly ...
Bancroft J - - 1993
Two-hundred and seventy-six oral contraceptive (o.c.) users (171 combine o.c. and 105 triphasic o.c.) were compared with 276 non-o.c. users. All women regarded themselves as PMS sufferers, and the groups were matched for age, parity and marital status. Each woman rated severity of 27 symptoms during the premenstrual, menstrual and ...
Cooper J K - - 1992
Abnormal sweet-food craving may occur in subjects with Alzheimer's disease. This behavior may be due to abnormalities in the brain serotonin system. Fenfluramine stimulates the brain serotonin neurosystem, producing an increase in systemic prolactin. Using the fenfluramine stimulation test, brain serotonin system response was evaluated in 12 subjects with probable ...
Lieux E M - - 1992
We studied college students to determine the effect of variations in the foodservice system on their food choices. We measured time students spent waiting to enter the dining facility and selecting foods in the servery and analyzed photographs of food selections. Data were collected for the same menu four times. ...
Towler G - - 1992
A questionnaire on attitudes towards the consumption of food types (specified by verbal labels) which contribute highly to fat in the diet was completed by 240 subjects who were quota sampled for sex, age and social class. The person's attitude toward consumption was found to be a good predictor of ...
Hill A J - - 1991
A common assumption is that dieting causes food cravings, probably as a result of food energy deprivation. This issue was investigated in a two-phase study. In phase one, 206 women completed the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and a food craving scale. A correlational analysis showed food ...
Rodin J - - 1991
The study considered the nature and extent of cravings in 108 healthy women between the ages of 20 and 37 who were tested at four time points over a 2-year period. There was substantial consistency over the four widely separated time points (3 months-1 year) in the types of foods ...
Weingarten H P - - 1991
A questionnaire was administered to over 1000 male and female college undergraduates to collect self-reports regarding food cravings (defined as an intense desire to eat a specific food). Ninety-seven per cent of woman and 68 per cent of men reported experiencing food cravings. Chocolate was the most frequently reported food ...
Smith J A - - 1991
Behavioral economic analysis has shown food choice in normal weight adults is influenced by both liking and constraints on access to food. The present study assessed the contributions of food liking and environmental constraints to choice of moderately liked, low-calorie foods or highly liked high-calorie foods in obese children. Access ...
DiLorenzo T M - - 1991
Weight gain is considered a frequent consequence of smoking cessation. Several psychological mechanisms may play an important role in weight gain following smoking cessation. The present investigation examined changes in food craving associated with smoking cessation using psychophysiologic (i.e., salivation), self-report, and behavioral (i.e., ad lib consumption) measures of reactivity ...
Underwood L E - - 1991
This paper has briefly summarized some of the reports of the relationships of height to perceptions of achievement and acceptance of individuals by society. Shorter members of society are perceived to be less competent than taller individuals, both during childhood and as adults; they are seen less positively by peers ...
Weingarten H P - - 1990
A craving for specific foods represents one of the most common and intense experiences surrounding eating. This paper explores the phenomenology of food craving by discussing the properties, origins and determinants of the craving state. The discussion includes consideration of the use of the craving concept in the drug literature ...
Haralson M K - - 1990
A 44-item knowledge and attitude questionnaire was administered to 176 randomly selected shoppers to determine their cardiovascular and nutrition knowledge and attitude toward the diet-heart relationship. An analysis of descriptive sales slips issued by the supermarket determined food purchasing behavior. Food items purchased were categorized according to their polyunsaturated-saturated (P/S) ...
Hikami K - - 1990
In Experiment 1, 3 mother-child pairs of Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata) were given simultaneous choice tests between raisins and popcorn. The mothers and offspring showed different choice patterns. Cofeeding opportunities were then alternated with individual choice tests. In Experiment 2,2 other pairs were added. Each animal was again offered simultaneous ...
Lappalainen R - - 1990
One group of fasting obese patients and one group of dieting obese patients were instructed to report their feelings of hunger and craving on a continuous basis before and during a three-week treatment period. Once a week they were also exposed to food slides to measure their reactivity to food ...
Simons-Morton B G - - 1990
We administered a food frequency instrument to third-fifth grade students (n = 943) in four Texas schools. Comparison of foods reported on the food frequency questionnaire and on 24-hour dietary recalls (n = 7) produced a percent agreement of 83.3. The most frequent 25 foods accounted for 64.0% of food ...
el-Bahrawy A F - - 1990
Eight anticoagulant rodenticides were used against Rattus norvegicus, R. r. frugivorous and Muss musculus. Phenal proved to be the most suitable against R. norvegicus, while Redentin 75 was less effective. However, males accepted Super-Caid as bait. On the other hand, Klerat Super was more effective than Storm against R. r. ...
Beerman K A - - 1990
This study assessed the effect of student residence on food choices and dietary practices of students enrolled in an undergraduate nutrition class at Washington State University. We compared food consumption patterns of students living on campus, off campus, and in Greek housing. We also identified differences between men and women ...
Shull R L - - 1990
Pigeons were given a choice between two identical-duration situations (terminal links of chain schedules). One terminal link of the choice pair provided two food deliveries, and the other provided five. The exact times of these food deliveries differed between the terminal links and were varied over conditions. A single response ...
Groth-Marnat G - - 1990
In this study we investigated the relationship between hypnotizability and attitudes towards food intake. One hundred and two female college students (mean age 21) completed the Eating Attitudes Test and the Goldfarb Fear-of-Fat Scale, and were assessed for hypnotizability on the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility. The results indicated ...
Vetter N J - - 1990
This study examined the habits and attitudes of a group of people aged 65 and over, in relation to their dietary beliefs and habits when compared with younger individuals. It was found that these older people had similar attitudes to food as those under 65, and these were in line ...
Newcomb M D - - 1989
Studies of reactions and attitudes toward nuclear war have progressed from the use of anecdotal evidence to multi-item psychological measures. Additional psychometric data and substantive results of the Nuclear Attitudes Questionnaire (NAQ; Newcomb, 1986) are reported here. Data from three independent samples of students from the United States collected in ...
Wormser G P - - 1989
Certain attitudes of healthcare workers toward patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus are inconsistent with medical knowledge and appear unlikely to be changed significantly or quickly by standard educational methods. Such attitudes may be detrimental to the doctor-patient relationship. Also, they detract from the true message that healthcare professionals should ...
Casey R - - 1989
This study is the first systematic survey directed at discovering the beliefs and practices of parents with respect to the creation of likes or dislikes for food by their young children. Seventy-six American parents completed a questionnaire that asked for their spontaneous suggestions about ways to create food likes and ...
Worthington-Roberts B - - 1989
Although food cravings and aversions are commonly experienced by pregnant women, the degree to which they persist in the postpartum period is unknown. This study examines this issue in both lactating and nonlactating women. A random sample of 463 subjects was selected from all prenatal patients receiving care at a ...
Briley M E - - 1989
The increase in individuals over 60 years of age in America must cause professionals from the fields of nutrition, food science, food systems management and the food industry to consider the determinants of food choices and the effects on the overall health and well-being of elderly citizens and those soon ...
Booth D A - - 1989
Perception, preference, and selection are all objectively measurable performances that discriminate between different levels of entities such as the sugar, thickener, or protein in a food. A rating or an intake may not be controlled by the word that the experimenter or the subject uses to describe it: "protein"-oriented food ...
Bancroft J - - 1988
Seventy-six women, with a mean age of 35.7 years, who reported premenstrual craving for sweet foods in a retrospective questionnaire, were assessed prospectively with a pre- and post-menstrual eating questionnaire and daily ratings of craving, mood, irritability and breast tenderness over two menstrual cycles. In 72% of these women a ...
Tuorila H - - 1988
A total of 100 American females (mean age = 20.8 years) completed a questionnaire, in which their beliefs, evaluations, liking and consumption (frequency, consumption compared to others, intention to consume) of milk, cheese, ice cream, chocolate and "high-fat foods" were measured. For the design and analysis, the basic frame of ...
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