Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 555
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Mehta K C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The optimal time and choice of solid foods to introduce to an infant's diet is unknown. The aim of this randomized trial was to determine whether early versus late introduction of solid foods and commercially prepared versus parent's choice of solid foods affects growth or body composition in the ...
Day J E - - 1998
The food choice and intake of animals (including humans) has typically been studied using frameworks of learning and feeding motivation. When used in isolation such frameworks could be criticized because learning paradigms give little consideration to how new food items are included or excluded from an individual's diet, and motivational ...
Pollard T M - - 1998
The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), which measures the reported importance to a given individual of nine factors underlying food choice, and a food frequency questionnaire, were administered to 241 participants, who were also required to classify their diet as either 'standard', 'low in red meat' or 'vegetarian'. Respondents describing their ...
Jonsson I - - 1998
A method utilizing pictures was used to assess food choice with 44 school boys in three different age groups (10, 13 and 16 years old). The aim of the study was to test reliability and construct validity (i.e. inter-instrument agreement) of food choice assessed when the boys were asked to ...
Chapman Gwen E. - - 1998
This qualitative study was designed to identify the beliefs, motivations and personal and environmental influences shaping breakfast consumption patterns of a group of college and university students. Twenty-eight women and 28 men participated in individual interviews where they discussed their usual breakfast habits and their beliefs about this meal. Most ...
Mercer M E - - 1997
Extensive research indicates a strong relationship between endogenous opioid peptides (EOPs) and food intake. In the present paper, we propose that food cravings act as an intervening variable in this opioid-ingestion link. Specifically, we argue that altered EOP activity may elicit food cravings which in turn may influence food consumption. ...
Gendall K A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of food cravings in women with a history of anorexia nervosa. METHOD: One hundred one control women selected at random and 64 women with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa 10 to 14 years earlier (cases) completed ...
Kostas G - - 1997
No matter how healthy a food or recipe might be, if it does not taste good, people will not eat it. The professional and personal challenge is to find ways to cook favorite foods in a low-fat and delicious style to maintain health while enjoying foods without guilt. A number ...
Gendall K A - - 1997
The objective of the present study was to investigate the psychopathology and personality characteristics of women who experience food cravings. A total of 101 young women selected at random from the community completed the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies with a trained interviewer. The interview included a section about food-craving ...
Georgiou C C - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Health-related characteristics and habits and food choices of young adults were compared for three groups: college students, college graduates, and nonstudents. DESIGN: Subjects completed a mailed survey that included questions about demographics, attitudes, and behaviors and a food frequency questionnaire. Main outcome measures were health-related characteristics and habits and ...
Freeman R - - 1997
The mechanisms by which adolescents make food choices are not clear. The interaction and combination of the many social and psychological factors must be considered when examining adolescents' decision-making processes for sound food choices. The aim of this investigation is to examine one specific food choice, namely, the use of ...
Dye L - - 1997
Hormonal fluctuations associated with the menstrual cycle influence appetite control and eating behaviour. Energy intake varies during the reproductive cycle in humans and animals, with a periovulatory nadir and a luteal phase peak. Patterns of macronutrient selection show less consistency but a number of studies report carbohydrate cravings in the ...
Lennernäs M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this baseline survey was to obtain comparable data on perceived influences on food choice from EU member countries as the starting point for EU healthy eating promotion campaigns and programmes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in which quota-controlled, nationally-representative samples of approximately 1000 adults from each country ...
Letarte A - - 1997
In a field study, 355 French-Canadian adults (Caucasians; 119 men, 236 women; average age of 40) freely stated the food item they liked and disliked the most, the reasons for their attitude and the context of their last consumption of these two food items. Content analysis revealed that the origins ...
Pelchat M L - - 1997
Fifty young-adult and 48 elderly Ss participated in a structured interview study on food cravings (defined as an intense desire or longing to eat a particular food). Elderly Ss were less likely than young Ss to report cravings and reported craving a smaller number of different foods. In contrast to ...
Keene J M - - 1997
Up to one third of dementia sufferers eat an increased quantity of food compared with their premorbid intake, at some stage during the dementia. In addition, over half of people with dementia are reported, by their carers, to show a marked change in food choice, particularly an increased liking for ...
Toporoff E G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement between school children's intended food choices and observed food choices. DESIGN: Native American students in the second through fifth grade completed a questionnaire that asked them to select from 10 paired food choices for a given meal or snack. Three weeks later students chose among ...
Gendall K A - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of food cravings in a random sample of young women and to evaluate the impact of the definition used in food craving research. The Diagnostic interview for Genetic Studies and a questionnaire about food craving experiences were completed by 101 ...
Van Wechem S N - - 1997
In 1992, a community-based 'Fat Watch' campaign was held in the city of Alkmaar in the Netherlands. The campaign was implemented within the framework of the nationwide mass-mediated 'Fat Watch' campaign (1991-1994), which aimed at a 10% reduction in fat intake among the general Dutch population. The intervention was carried ...
Georgiou C - - 1996
Health experts recommend merging a healthy diet and adequate physical activity into one behavior. This study compared attitudes about foods, recent dietary changes, and food choices of 319 18- to 24-year-olds, who defined themselves as exercisers or nonexercisers. Subjects were recruited by telephone and were mailed questionnaires that asked about ...
Turrell G - - 1996
Australian and overseas studies have found that respondents in low socioeconomic groups are least likely to purchase food that accords with recommendations in dietary guidelines. British and United States researchers have proposed that this consistently observed association is partly due to structural, material and economic factors that differentially affect socioeconomic ...
Holm L - - 1996
The study investigated the themes consumers discuss when describing their everyday considerations about food quality. Twenty Copenhagen families with young children were interviewed open-endedly concerning daily food-related practices and thoughts, making particular use of narrative descriptions of specific meals. Respondents expressed both positive and negative opinions about a broad variety ...
Sandyk R - - 1996
Pharmacological studies have implicated serotonergic (5-HT) neurons in the regulation of food intake and food preference. It has been shown that the urge to consume carbohydrate rich foods is regulated by 5-HT activity and that carbohydrate craving is triggered by 5-HT deficiency in the medical hypothalamus. Ingestion of carbohydrate foods ...
Furst T - - 1996
Interviews examining the food choice process were conducted with 29 adults, primarily individuals making grocery store food choice decisions, who were sampled for their diversity. These people were asked about how they chose foods when shopping and in other settings, and what influenced their choices. Verbatim transcripts of the interviews ...
Galef B G BG - - 1996
Understanding food selection will require considerably more than reductionist analyses of the internal workings of individual animals. To understand food choice we will have to examine not only the physiology and behavior of individuals, but also the biological and social environments within which individuals select items to ingest. The biological ...
Kuhnlein H V - - 1996
Traditional food systems of indigenous peoples are defined as being composed of items from the local, natural environment that are culturally acceptable. Rapid dietary change of indigenous peoples worldwide is posing threats to use of this food and the traditional knowledge required for traditional food system maintainance. This review describes ...
Stafleu A - - 1995
Family resemblance in beliefs, attitudes and intentions towards the consumption of 20 foods that contribute to the fat intake was investigated in 97 adult women, their mothers and their grandmothers. Mean correlation for elements from the Fishbein and Ajzen theory of reasoned action between younger and middle generations ranged from ...
Colizza D F - - 1995
This study examined the food choices of children 10 to 12 years of age to assess their knowledge of healthful food items. The subjects were 127 fifth and sixth grade boys and girls from public and private school systems. Data were gathered in the classroom. Students were asked to select ...
Hobden K - - 1995
In study 1, subjects who were high and low in trait food neophobia made a series of choices between novel or familiar foods in the presence of no model, a neophilic model who chose mostly novel foods, or a neophobic model who chose mostly familiar foods and made another series ...
Contento I R - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of weight status, dieting status and several associated variables to the criteria for everyday food choice used by adolescents. Study participants were 411 students between the ages of 11 and 18, drawn from 15 schools. The adolescents rated 20 food ...
Dye L - - 1995
The associations between retrospective ratings of food craving and depression during the premenstrual, menstrual and postmenstrual phases of the preceding menstrual cycle and ratings of current levels of stress and happiness of relationship were examined in 5,546 women. In each phase examined, the severity of food craving was very strongly ...
Kelder S H - - 1995
The Class of 1989 was part of the Minnesota Heart Health Program, a research and demonstration project designed to reduce cardiovascular disease in three intervention communities. This paper describes the long-term outcomes of a school- and community-based intervention on healthy eating behaviors in one intervention and matched reference community. Beginning ...
Lähteenmäki L - - 1995
The relationships between liking, variety-seeking tendency and choices were examined in six experimental lunch occasions, in which 26 young subjects freely chose sandwiches from a selection of eight fillings. Subjects rated their liking for the sandwiches during the first and sixth sessions and, among other attitude questionnaires, filled in the ...
Das D K - - 1995
Two hundred and forty two mothers in 7 villages of Narayanganj district, Bangladesh were interviewed to assess their knowledge and attitude regarding breastfeeding and weaning using pretested questionnaires, though 83.5% mothers knew that colostrum is good for the child, less than 8 percent of them gave it as the first ...
al-Kanhal M A - - 1995
The food habits during pregnancy were studied in Saudi women. The general plan of the study was to interview pregnant women about food cravings and avoidances during pregnancy. A systematic random sample of 321 pregnant women was chosen from three different primary health care centers in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi ...
Hill A J - - 1994
This study aimed to provide a detailed analysis of the experience of food craving in a healthy, non-clinical group of women. Twenty-five women who reported food cravings prospectively recorded their experiences over a period of 5 weeks using a Food Craving Record. The average number of cravings recorded was just ...
Nesheim M C - - 1994
Trained as an agricultural chemist by the great German scientists of that time, Atwater applied this knowledge to understanding what people ate and the factors that effected food selection. He addressed many of the questions that are still important today. He wanted to use knowledge of food composition to help ...
Perkins K A - - 1994
Cigarette smoking is associated with reduced body weight, an effect which has often been attributed to acute anorectic actions of nicotine. In this study, male and female smokers (n = 10 each), abstinent overnight from smoking and food, participated in three 2-h sessions, involving intermittent, controlled exposure to their usual ...
Gariano A C - - 1994
"This study analyses religious intermix in Australia for both married and de facto couples. It uses 1991 Australian Bureau of Statistics customised matrix data purchased by the author.... These data indicate that religious intermixing in Australia is only numerically significant amongst dominant religious groups.... It seems that in de facto ...
Harvey J - - 1993
It is commonly believed that dieting and the restriction of specific types of foods produces cravings for these foods. This study, therefore, compared changes in self-reported cravings experienced by 93 obese subjects with Type II diabetes who were randomly assigned to behavioral treatment programmes which used either: (a) a balanced, ...
Winkelstein M L - - 1993
The use of a theoretical model to predict consumption of sweet-tasting high-calorie foods following smoking cessation was investigated. The model included eight predictors: habit, intention, attitudes, subjective norms, self-efficacy, perceived barriers, social support, and smoking cessation. One hundred and fourteen individuals completed pre- and post-questionnaires and made pre- and post-snack ...
Schlundt D G - - 1993
This study compared 40 female participants in a behavioral weight loss program who frequently reported craving sweets to 40 who rarely reported craving sweets using 2-week behavioral eating diaries. The two groups were compared on physiological, demographic, and questionnaire measures and no significant differences were found. There were no significant ...
Stock L Z - - 1993
Three intervention packages consisting of (a) enhanced prompts, feedback, and social reinforcement; (b) a lottery; and (c) serving as a confederate were added and removed in sequence as adjacent conditions in an extended withdrawal design to assess their effects on the dietary choices of elderly persons. Participants were 3 elderly ...
Bancroft J - - 1993
Two-hundred and seventy-six oral contraceptive (o.c.) users (171 combine o.c. and 105 triphasic o.c.) were compared with 276 non-o.c. users. All women regarded themselves as PMS sufferers, and the groups were matched for age, parity and marital status. Each woman rated severity of 27 symptoms during the premenstrual, menstrual and ...
Cooper J K - - 1992
Abnormal sweet-food craving may occur in subjects with Alzheimer's disease. This behavior may be due to abnormalities in the brain serotonin system. Fenfluramine stimulates the brain serotonin neurosystem, producing an increase in systemic prolactin. Using the fenfluramine stimulation test, brain serotonin system response was evaluated in 12 subjects with probable ...
Lieux E M - - 1992
We studied college students to determine the effect of variations in the foodservice system on their food choices. We measured time students spent waiting to enter the dining facility and selecting foods in the servery and analyzed photographs of food selections. Data were collected for the same menu four times. ...
Towler G - - 1992
A questionnaire on attitudes towards the consumption of food types (specified by verbal labels) which contribute highly to fat in the diet was completed by 240 subjects who were quota sampled for sex, age and social class. The person's attitude toward consumption was found to be a good predictor of ...
Hill A J - - 1991
A common assumption is that dieting causes food cravings, probably as a result of food energy deprivation. This issue was investigated in a two-phase study. In phase one, 206 women completed the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and a food craving scale. A correlational analysis showed food ...
Rodin J - - 1991
The study considered the nature and extent of cravings in 108 healthy women between the ages of 20 and 37 who were tested at four time points over a 2-year period. There was substantial consistency over the four widely separated time points (3 months-1 year) in the types of foods ...
Weingarten H P - - 1991
A questionnaire was administered to over 1000 male and female college undergraduates to collect self-reports regarding food cravings (defined as an intense desire to eat a specific food). Ninety-seven per cent of woman and 68 per cent of men reported experiencing food cravings. Chocolate was the most frequently reported food ...
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