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Results 351 - 400 of 640
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Mandavilli U - - 1991
We describe a novel technique for complete and continuous bladder urine collection in conscious unrestrained rats. After urethral ligation, a silastic catheter is placed through a flexible steel tether, tunneled subcutaneously from the posterior neck area to a suprapubic incision, and inserted and fixed into the exposed urinary bladder. The ...
Furuse M - - 1991
The effect of dietary sorbose on food and water consumption was investigated in growing rats. Rats (26-day old) were fed diets containing 0, 100, 200 or 300 g sorbose/kg diet for 5 weeks in Experiment 1. Daily food and water intakes were measured at day 0, 7, 14, 21, 28 ...
Gulati K - - 1991
The effects of opioid agonists, morphine (MOR) and ketocyclazocine (KCZ), and antagonists, naltrexone (NALTX) and Mr2266, were investigated on food intake under various conditions, i.e., during light and dark phases of diurnal cycle and free-fed and fasting states in rats. NALTX showed a greater anorexic effect during dark phase, whereas ...
Spanheimer R - - 1991
Malnutrition is associated with defects in connective tissue metabolism such as altered growth and wound healing. Because collagen is the major protein in most tissues, we determined the threshold for induction of altered collagen production by partial food restriction in rats. Groups of animals were fasted 2 or 4 d ...
Dial J - - 1991
Total food intake and intake of discrete dietary components, carbohydrate, fats, and protein, throughout pregnancy and lactation were measured in the albino rat, with virginal rats acting as controls. The dietary components were isocaloric and presented in a self-selection situation. Although the reproductive subjects ate more carbohydrate, protein, and total ...
Muralidhara D V - - 1991
Food consumption patterns were studied during ad-libitum feeding of rats undernourished for 21 or 60 days after birth. Rats undernourished for 21 days consumed less food than the controls on a whole animal basis. But the food intake was higher during the early part of ad-libitum feeding when expressed on ...
Whishaw I Q - - 1991
We observed the movements of rats (Rattus norvegicus) after they had eaten food pellets of various size or hardness. With rooted hindlegs, they made head scans, with vibrissae in contact with the substrate, that began over the area below where they had eaten and then expanded to include almost the ...
Goto S - - 1991
Ileo- or jejuno-endorectal pull-through following total colectomy (TC) and massive small bowel resection (SBR) was performed in the rat to investigate the natural course of its condition. Animals were assigned to five experimental groups: TC only (n = 6), TC + 25% SBR (n = 6), TC + 50% SBR ...
Whishaw I Q - - 1991
Reaching for food by rats, with the limb contralateral to limb area motor cortex damage, was analyzed using end-point scores, videoanalysis, and Eshkol-Wachmann Movement Notation (EWMN). End point results from groups of rats with small, medium, and large lesions showed reaching success and amount of food grasped per reach decreased ...
Zaporowska H - - 1991
1. Male Wistar rats were given, for four weeks, a limited amount of food, or the amount of food and water equal to that consumed by rats drinking solely an aqueous solution of ammonium metavanadate instead of water (AMV) of 0.3 mg V/cm3 concentration. 2. In rats with limited access ...
Akiyama Y - - 1991
An experimental psychological study was undertaken to assess the effect of a change in dietary habit upon behavioural development, using as a laboratory animal male Wistar rats maintained on natural foods and a processed food. Forty male Wistar rats were weaned at 21 days of age and divided into two ...
Scalera G - - 1991
The experiments reported here attempted to examine in two groups of rats the effects on the taste preferences, food and fluid intake, energy balance and body weight gain of corticocerebellar lesions involving, primarily, the Lobulus VI (LVI) or the Lobulus Paramedianus (LP). The results showed that the lesions of LVI ...
Albert D J - - 1991
Castrated male rats (N = 27) with medial hypothalamic lesions or sham lesions were placed on a 23-h food-deprivation schedule and adapted to a highly palatable liquid food. They were also given two tests of defensiveness toward an experimenter. All animals were then housed in medial hypothalamic lesion/sham lesion pairs ...
Hernandez L - - 1990
Fluctuations of cortical dopamine during feeding were examined by in vivo microdialysis. Dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography and electrochemical detection. Food-deprived rats were trained to eat by pressing a bar for food when a light and a feeder were ...
Mistlberger R E - - 1990
Twenty-four hour schedules of restricted food availability entrain a component of the circadian activity rhythm in rats via a food-entrainable pacemaker separate from the light-entrainable pacemaker. The effect of aging on food-entrained circadian rhythms was examined in 6 rats maintained on a restricted diurnal feeding schedule from age 3-21 months ...
Pandhari S R SR Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, - - 1990
It was aimed to study the effects of lesions of a self-stimulation (SS) area of one region of brain on the SS of another region, and on feeding behaviour in adult Wistar rats (males). The two regions proposed for study were the lateral hypothalamus (LH) and the substantia nigra-ventral tegmental ...
Thiels E - - 1990
In this study, litters of rat pups and their mothers were continuously video-monitored from Day 14 to Day 35 postpartum in order to describe the behavioral changes that occur during that period. Prior to the onset of solid food intake (Day 18), pups spent most of their active time suckling. ...
Mittleman G - - 1990
The sequential occurrence of licking, locomotor activity, entries into the food magazine (panel pressing), and nonreenforced lever pressing engendered by a periodic schedule of food presentation were measured in each 60-s interreenforcement interval in normal and brain-damaged rats. The development of these responses was measured over 20 days in different ...
Joyamma V - - 1990
Urolithiasis, following implantation of Zn discs in urinary bladder (foreign body insertion technique), was examined in albino rats of either sex. Marked variation was observed between sex, regarding the formation of bladder stones. Ethylene glycol (1%) mixed in drinking water for 4 weeks, was unable to augment Zn disc-induced stone ...
Tsujii S - - 1990
Glucose, 2-deoxyglucose, phlorizin, and insulin were injected into the third ventricle of lean and fatty rats, and food intake recorded hourly for the next 6 h. In the lean rats, there was a significant but unimpressive decrease in food intake after the intraventricular injection of glucose, but there was no ...
Jias L M - - 1990
Thirty female albino rats were implanted with subcutaneous pellets releasing nicotine or amphetamine in order to study the effects of chronic pharmacological treatment on food intake and body weight. The pellets were removed after tolerance (a decrease in anorectic properties of the drugs) had developed. Nicotine administration produced a specific ...
Friedman M I - - 1990
Administration of methyl palmoxirate (MP; 10 mg/kg po), an inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I), increased the food intake of rats maintained on a diet high in triglycerides comprised of long-chain fatty acids, which require CPT I for mitochondrial uptake and oxidation. MP did not affect food intake in ...
Trojniar W - - 1990
The purpose of the experiment was to map an area involved in the regulation of food and water intake within the region of the lateral hypothalamus (LH), the adjacent subthalamus and antero-ventral midbrain. The strategy was to make a series of electrolytic lesions, varying in size and localization and to ...
Sandström R - - 1990
This investigation has addressed the question whether food and water intake, motor activity and tumour growth are influenced by indomethacin in experimental cancer. Growing rats implanted with a methylcholanthrene-induced sarcoma were studied in metabolic cages connected to a computer. Food intake, water consumption and motor activity were continuously recorded over ...
Fujimura A - - 1990
The present study was undertaken to examine whether influences of furosemide on biochemical parameters vary with its time of administration in Wistar rats. Rats were maintained under conditions of light (0700-1900 hrs) and dark (1900-0700 hrs). Furosemide (30 mg/kg) or vehicle (5% glucose) was given orally at 1000 hrs (day ...
Swiergiel A H - - 1990
The serotonin antagonist pizotifen (BC-105) is prescribed as an appetite and weight enhancer (Mosegor--Wander, also commercialized under brand names Sanmigran or Sandomigran--Sandoz, Switzerland) for anorectic and convalescent humans. There has been, however, difficulty in demonstrating any orexigenic effect of pizotifen in laboratory animals. In the present report, the influence of ...
Pettersson L G - - 1990
The role of defined descending pathways in the control of forelimb movements in cats was investigated in behavioural experiments. The movements studied were "target-reaching" (i.e. the movement used to reach for food) and "food-taking" (i.e. the movement used for grasping a piece of food and for bringing it to the ...
Koopmans H S HS Dept of Medical Physiology, University of Calgary, Alberta, - - 1990
Parabiotic pairs of inbred Lewis rats had two different types of crossed intestinal surgery performed. In the one-way surgery, food was lost from the duodenum of one rat in a pair into a 30 cm segment of upper small intestine of its partner. The unabsorbed intestinal chyme returned to the ...
Phelps M T - - 1989
We studied central-place foraging in rats (Rattus norvegicus) by placing food items that varied in size and weight at the ends of a 4-arm radial maze. In Experiments 1-3, rats increasingly tended to carry food to the center of the maze as the size of those items increased. Very large ...
Ruis J F - - 1989
Rats subjected to Eat-Fast (EF) cycles show food-anticipatory rhythms independent from the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). These rhythms do not persist during subsequent ad lib feeding (EE). There are indications for a recovery of rhythmicity during fasting (FF) using a 'memory' paradigm in which FF sessions are alternated with EE. In ...
Tomoyasu N - - 1989
The role of palatability, novelty, and food aversion in determining changes of food choice after ablation of the area postrema and caudal-medial aspect of the nucleus of the solitary tract (AP/cmNTS) is examined through a series of studies utilizing 24-h, two-food choice tests. On test days, the food that the ...
Thombre D P - - 1989
Central effects of insulin on 20 min. food intake were studied in rats. Insulin administration in the lateral ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) did not alter food intake in the intact or lesioned ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) rats. Whereas, after insulin injection in VMH there was a decrease in food intake. In ...
Steketee J D - - 1989
It has been reported that depletion of forebrain norepinephrine via 6-hydroxydopamine infusion into the dorsal bundle decreases the rat's ability to selectively attend to relevant stimuli and thus increases the rat's responsiveness to novelty. In this study we measured 6-hydroxydopamine lesion effects on 1) selective attention via the nonreversal shift ...
Stephan F K - - 1989
Rats with lesions of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) and intact rats were maintained on restricted feeding with the duration of food access ranging from 4 to 12 hr. All rats with SCN lesions displayed at least some anticipatory activity (AA) at all food access durations. The amount of AA diminished ...
Gentle M J - - 1989
After 19 weeks on a mash diet nine of the 10 birds exhibited from two to 19 oral lesions. The majority of these lesions involved the total erosion of the buccal epidermis giving a total area of exposed dermis of 0.6 to 94.5 mm(2). This was accompanied by a significant ...
Racotta R - - 1989
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) was recently reported to increase feeding in ad lib. fed rats [Reddy et al.(4)]. In the present study the responses of male and female adult rats to subcutaneous (SC) administration of MSG were compared. In female rats MSG 3 g/kg did not significantly affect food or water ...
King B M - - 1989
Radio-frequency and anodal electrolytic lesions of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) were found to produce equal and dramatic increases in body weight in female rats. Neither of the groups with lesions had significantly elevated plasma insulin levels during a period of food restriction, but individual values varied greatly. Both groups displayed ...
Whishaw I Q - - 1989
The study demonstrates novel features of rat hoarding, patterns of recovery from medial frontal cortex damage that are behaviorally dependent, and new methodology for studying hoarding. Rats were placed in a covered cage connected to an alley at the end of which were food pellets varying in size between 20 ...
Refinetti R - - 1989
The thermopreferendum of male hooded rats was studied in a temporal thermal gradient. The preferred ambient temperature was found to be approximately 19 degrees C. In addition to the thermopreferendum, three other physiological functions (resting body temperature, daily food intake, and daily ambulatory activity) were each measured in eight rats ...
Agarwal V - - 1989
Isoproteinous diets containing 1% cholesterol and 10% fibre derived from plant foods namely, peepalbanti (Ficus religiosa), barbanti (Ficus bengalensis), gullar (Ficus glomerata), teent (Capparis decidua) and khejri beans (Prsopsis cineria) or pure cellulose, were fed to rats for 40 days. Effect of incorporation of these whole plant parts on feed ...
Morales A - - 1989
Rats with polydipsia induced by electrolytic mammillary lesions show a normal daily rhythmicity of water intake compared with sham lesioned animals, when kept in a 12:12 hours light-dark cycle of illumination. Water is mainly consumed during the dark phase (approximately 80-90% of the total amount). On the other hand, rats ...
Honma S - - 1989
Rats were lesioned in the SCN and treated with methamphetamine dissolved in drinking water. A robust rhythm appeared in spontaneous locomotor activity which was not affected by blinding. Periodic food restriction (RF) of a 24 hr period was imposed on SCN lesioned rats with free-access to food for 4 or ...
Cabanac M - - 1989
An alimentary/thermic conflict of motivation was used to explore the effects of very low doses of dexfenfluramine (dFF), an anorectic serotoninergic agonist, on the parameters of food motivation, drive and incentive (or palatability). Six rats trained to feed 2 hr/day, were given the possibility to feed on chow in a ...
Weaver D R - - 1989
Destruction of the maternal suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) early in gestation disrupts maternal communication of time-of-day information to the rat fetus. In the present study, we demonstrated that periodic feeding (food cue) to SCN-lesioned pregnant rats entrains the fetal biological clock. The phase of the drinking behavior rhythm was examined in ...
Bernardis L L - - 1989
Following a brief period of ad lib (AL) feeding, 45-day-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were either fed AL or food-restricted (REST) for 21 days to 50% of the intake of the AL rats. At this time, some AL and some REST rats received electrolytic lesions in the dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei (DMNL), ...
Gerardo-Gettens T - - 1989
Increases in serum estrogen inhibit food intake. Conversely, progesterone stimulates food intake, probably via its antiestrogenic action. We have reported that elevated serum prolactin also stimulates food intake in female rats. It is unclear whether this effect is mediated through elevated levels of progesterone. The present study investigated the effects ...
Edwards G L - - 1989
Lesions of the area postrema and adjacent nucleus of the solitary tract (AP lesions) cause rats to consume increased amounts of palatable food in short duration tests. Because the lateral parabrachial nucleus (lPBN) receives a prominent afferent projection from the AP and adjacent nucleus of the solitary tract, it is ...
Demestre I - - 1989
The reference parameters for 10- and 19-week old CFY (remote Sprague-Dawley) rats fed powdered feed have been studied: growth curves, food consumption, ophthalmoscopy, results of urinalyses and hematological and biochemical assays, and absolute and relative organ weights. Detailed information is given of instrumentation and methods employed, of the animals, strain ...
Whishaw I Q - - 1989
Rats were trained to reach for food pellets, which varied in size from 20 to 300 mg, from one of 21 locations on a shelf located just outside a test cage. After a barrier was lifted, giving access to a food pellet, latency to contact the food was timed, number ...
Dawson R R - - 1989
Studies were conducted to examine deficits in food intake regulation in MSG-treated rats that result from known or suspected damage to neurotransmitter systems involved in feeding. Male rats were injected with either MSG (4 mg/g) or sodium chloride on postnatal days 2 and 4 (MSG-Lo) or postnatal days 2, 4, ...
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