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Mailman Mariah - - 2013
We investigated whether low-level addition of selenium (Se) could decrease mercury (Hg) in freshwater fish without imposing Se toxicity. Using a regression design, selenite was added to large mesocosms in a lake to achieve target concentrations ≤1.6 μg/L. (198)Hg (spike Hg) was added to mesocosms to determine changes in Hg bioaccumulation. Adding ...
Van Wezemael Lynn - - 2013
The supply of tender beef is an important challenge for the beef industry. Knowledge about the profile of consumers who are more optimistic or more accurate in their tenderness evaluations is important for product development and beef marketing purposes. Central location tests of beef steaks were performed in Norway and ...
Lorido Laura - - 2013
Although dynamic sensory techniques such as time-intensity (TI) have been applied to certain meat products, existing knowledge regarding the temporal sensory perception of muscle foods is still limited. The objective of the present study was to apply TI to the flavour and texture perception of three different Iberian meat products: ...
Kehrig Helena A - - 2013
Mercury (Hg), selenium (Se) and nitrogen (δ(15)N) stable isotope were assessed in a tropical food web of Rio de Janeiro's north coast. Isotopic data on muscle suggest a difference related to this parameter along the food web; where top-predators (cetacean and voracious fish) displayed heavier δ(15)N over the entire food ...
Abe Niichiro - - 2013
The public health importance of Kudoa infection in fish remains unclear. Recently in Japan a Kudoa species, K. septempunctata, was newly implicated as a causative agent of unidentified food poisoning related to the consumption of raw olive flounder. Other marine fishery products are also suspected as causative raw foods of ...
Arcagni Marina - - 2013
Food web trophodynamics of total mercury (THg) and selenium (Se) were assessed for the double-basined ultraoligotrophic system of Lake Moreno, Patagonia. Each basin has differing proportions of littoral and pelagic habitats, thereby providing an opportunity to assess the importance of habitat (e.g. food web structure or benthic MeHg production) in ...
Gentès Sophie - - 2013
Mercury (Hg) is considered as an important pollutant for aquatic systems as its organic form, methylmercury (MeHg), is easily bioaccumulated and bioamplified along food webs. In various ecosystems, aquatic periphyton associated with macrophyte was identified as an important place for Hg storage and methylation by microorganisms. Our study concerns temperate ...
Park Jong Eun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the dietary pattern associated with hypertension and pre-hypertension among Korean male and female adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study from a representative sample of the Korean population. SETTING: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV, which was conducted in 2007 and 2008. SUBJECTS: Males and females (n ...
Squadrone S S a Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte , Liguria e Valle D'Aosta , 10154 , Torino , - - 2013
Pb, Cd and Hg in muscles of flathead mullet (Mugil cephalus), collected from Bocca di Magra, La Spezia (Ligurian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Italy), were determined using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after microwave digestion for Pb and Cd and direct mercury analyser for Hg. Average Pb concentrations varied in the ...
Sreekumar C C Central University Laboratory, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai, 600051 Tamil Nadu India ; Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences, Kattupakkam, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu 603203 - - 2014
Blastocystis, a zoonotic protozoan found in the intestinal tracts of a wide range of animals, has not been reported from non-human hosts from India so far. Organisms indistinguishable from Blastocystis sp. were identified in the Giemsa stained intestinal scrapings collected from carcasses of piglet and poultry that were brought for ...
Ruiz-Rosado Azucena A Department of Physiology, Biophysics and Neurosciences, CINVESTAV, IPN, C.P.07360, Mexico City, - - 2013
We analyze the effect of chronic undernourishment on extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle maturation in the rat. Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) and alkaline ATPase histoenzymatic techniques were used to determine the relative proportion of different fiber types (oxidative/glycolytic and type I, IIa/IId, or IIb, respectively) and their cross-sectional area in ...
Pu Yang - - 2013
The native fluorescence (FL) spectra of muscle foods (meat) stored at 4 °C (refrigerated) and 25 °C (at room temperature) were measured with the selected excitation wavelength of 340 nm as a function of storage time to detect the meat spoilage status. The contributions of the principal biochemical components to ...
Lazartigues Angélique - - 2013
Fish are often exposed to various molecules like pesticides. Some of these compounds get biomagnified within aquatic food web, inducing health hazards of consumers. However, behaviors of many pesticides are still unknown. This work aims to study the uptake and the elimination of some of them in muscle tissue of ...
Iwashita Yoshiaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Kudoa septempunctata is a recently identified cause of food poisoning. We report three cases of food poisoning due to ingestion of this parasite. CASE REPORTS: Among the 358 people exposed during the same catered meal, 94 (including our 3 patients) developed vomiting and diarrhea within 1-9 h after ingestion ...
Molfino Alessio - - 2013
Cachexia is characterized by reduced food intake, muscle and adipose tissue loss associated with increased energy expenditure. Cachexia is highly prevalent and represents one of the main causes of increased morbidity, mortality and reduced quality of life in chronic diseases. Ghrelin plays an important role in stimulating and controlling hunger ...
Polidori Carlo - - 2013
Ecological constraints related to foraging are expected to affect the evolution of morphological traits relevant to food capture, manipulation and transport. Females of central-place foraging Hymenoptera vary in their food load manipulation ability. Bees and social wasps modulate the amount of food taken per foraging trip (in terms of e.g. ...
Bernstein Adam M - - 2013
Numerous studies reveal the cardiovascular benefits of consuming dietary fiber and, especially, cereal fiber. Cereal fiber is associated with cardiovascular risk reduction through multiple mechanisms and consuming a variety of cereal fiber sources offers health benefits specific to the source. Certain cereal fibers have been studied more extensively than others ...
Mizunoya Wataru - - 2013
The primary aim of this study was to examine the effects of 48-h food deprivation on rat skeletal muscle fiber type, according to myosin heavy-chain (MyHC) isoform composition and some metabolism-related factors in both slow-type dominant and fast-type dominant muscle tissues. Male Wistar rats (7 wk old) were treated with ...
Almli Valérie L - - 2013
New production technologies can help the beef sector to improve eating quality, in particular the tenderness, of low-value meat cuts. This paper aims at profiling potential consumers for unprocessed tenderloin M. Psoas major, muscle profiled M. Infraspinatus and marinated by injection M. Semitendinosus in Belgium (n=108) and Norway (n=110). Consumers' ...
García-Ortiz Luis - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between sodium and potassium intake and vascular structure and function and to ascertain whether said relationship follows the pattern of a J-shaped curve. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a primary care setting. Three hundred fifty-one subjects ...
Biswal Manisha - - 2012
Nosocomial food outbreaks due to infected food handlers is primarily due to inadequate knowledge and faulty practices of food handlers during diarrhoeal episodes. The aim of this study was to assess: 1) prevalence of enteropathogen infection among food handlers working in our hospital during 2007 to 2011 and 2) adequacy ...
Van Ba Hoa - - 2012
The present study identified volatile flavor components of Hanwoo longissimus muscle and other Korean foods (Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil) and their traits were compared in relation with flavor precursors that include fatty acids and protein degradation products. Hanwoo longissimus muscle was purchased from a commercial abattoir while the other foods ...
Kusunoki Takashi - - 2012
Higher birth order is associated with a smaller risk of allergy (birth order effect). The purpose of this study was to compare the significance of the birth order effect on the prevalence of specific allergic diseases [bronchial asthma (BA), atopic dermatitis (AD), allergic rhinitis (AR), allergic conjunctivitis (AC), and food ...
Barger Christopher P - - 2012
Dietary segregation is essential for the coexistence of closely related species of animals. However, little is known about how changes in availability of food resources might affect trophic interactions of wild animals breeding in sympatry. Here, we examined how interannual variations in relative food availability (as reflected in blood levels ...
Law Alice Yu Sheung - - 2011
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) consist of a diverse group of industrial chemicals and pharmacological agents. The use of instrumental analyses as the first screening tool might not be cost-effective to identify the existence of enormous numbers of chemical contaminants in environments. Also, knowledge of the concentration of individual residues is ...
Duong Michelle M Brain, Obesity and Diabetes Laboratory (BODyLab), New York University School of Medicine, 145 East 32nd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2012
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis control may be impaired in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Glucocorticoids increase consumption of low quality foods high in calories, sugar, and fat. We explored the relationship between cortisol levels, poor blood glucose control, and food quality choice in T2DM. Twenty-seven healthy controls were age-, gender- and education-matched ...
Tomiyama A Janet - - 2011
Chronically stressed rodents who are allowed to eat calorie-dense "comfort" food develop greater mesenteric fat, which in turn dampens hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity. We tested whether similar relations exist in humans, at least cross-sectionally. Fifty-nine healthy premenopausal women were exposed to a standard laboratory stressor to examine HPA response to ...
Bauer Carolyn M - - 2011
This study tested whether an ethologically relevant stressor, a three-week period of food restriction where food was unavailable for four hours a day, caused chronic stress in molting and non-molting captive European starlings. Although all birds increased weight during the Food Restriction period, only non-molting birds increased food intake. Morning ...
Ranawana Viren - - 2011
The glycemic response (GR) to food is influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. A consistent observation in GR studies is the wide within- and between-individual variations. The authors hypothesize that between-individual variations in the GR, insulin response (IR) and gastric emptying occur even when food particle size is standardized. ...
Clegg Miriam E - - 2011
It is now known that health benefits associated with diets rich in fruit and vegetables may be partly derived from intake of polyphenols. Berry polyphenols may influence carbohydrate metabolism and absorption and hence postprandial glycaemia. To date, studies related to polyphenol effects on the glycaemic response have been completed only ...
Harenberg Job - - 2011
Based on the results of large clinical trials, several low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have been approved for prophylaxis and the treatment of venous and arterial thromboembolism. As a result of expiration or pending expiration of patent protection of the originator LMWHs, the first generic LMWH enoxaparin has been approved by the ...
Harenberg Job - - 2011
The first generic low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) end of July 2010 for clinical use in all medical indications where the branded product enoxaparin has reached approval. Many LMWHs have been approved for prophylaxis and the treatment of venous and arterial thromboembolism based ...
Armentia A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We have observed that some cases of food anaphylaxis were followed by severe thrombosis associated to anticardiolipin antibodies. Food anaphylaxis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome has seldom been published. OBJECTIVE: The aims were: 1) to test anticardiolipin antibodies in an important number of patients with anaphylaxis due to vegetal foods ...
Cerrato Maria - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: To test the effect of raising ambient temperature (AT) on activity-based anorexia (ABA) and to extend to female rats previous findings reported in male animals. METHOD:: Two studies are reported in which female rats were submitted to food restriction and free access to an activity wheel either separately or ...
Takeda Hiroshi - - 2010
The biokinetics of radiocarbon (¹⁴C) in rats continuously ingested in the forms of amino acids (glycine and leucine) or as foods (wheat and rapeseed) were examined and compared with each other. The differences in the biokinetics between ¹⁴C-amino acids and ¹⁴C-foods were observed in the excretion of ¹⁴C in feces ...
King Bruce M - - 2011
An early study reported that, unlike sham-operated rats, rats made anosmic by olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) failed to compensate for the dilution of their diet with nonnutritive bulk by increasing their food intake. In the present study, the effects of a glucoprivic challenge, intraperitoneal-administered 350 mg/kg 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), on food intake ...
Liang Nu-Chu NC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2011
Activity based anorexia (ABA) is a model that mimics the self-starvation and hyperactivity features of anorexia nervosa (AN). This study investigated whether a history of ABA will enhance food avoidance learning and retard its extinction in female rats. We compared the acquisition and extinction of a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) ...
Lin Tzu-Ching E - - 2010
Two experiments examined the content of configural learning in rats. In Experiment 1, after simple pre-exposure to two hybrid contexts (AB and CD), rats acquired a configural discrimination involving two of the contexts (A and C) and two auditory stimuli (X and Y; AX→food, AY→no food, CX→no food, and CY→food). ...
Iyare Eghosa E - - 2010
Extract of the calyx of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. (HS) (Malvaceae) has been reported to decrease fluid and food intake in lactating rats through a mechanism not yet fully understood. It has also been reported that rat pups undernourished during lactation have delayed puberty onset, suggesting a link between nutrition and ...
Santollo Jessica J Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4301, - - 2010
While there is considerable evidence that the ovarian hormone estradiol reduces food intake in female rats, it is unclear which estrogen receptor (ER) subtype, ERα or ERβ, mediates this effect. While several studies have demonstrated that activation of ERα, but not ERβ, is sufficient to reduce food intake in ovariectomized ...
Pickens C L - - 2010
We recently adapted the conditioned suppression of operant responding method to study fear incubation. We found that food-restricted rats show low fear 2 days after extended (10 d; 100 30-s tone-shock pairings) fear training and high fear after 1-2 months. Here, we studied a potential mechanism of fear incubation: extended ...
Dwyer Dominic M - - 2010
Rats with prelimbic (PL) cortex lesions were tested on a discrete-trial discrimination where food rewards were used as both discriminative cues and reinforcing outcomes. On incongruent trials, the discriminative cue food differed from the outcome food; on congruent trials they were the same. When cue and outcome foods differ, a ...
Pérez-Padilla Angeles - - 2010
Activity-based anorexia occurs when food availability is restricted to 1h of the day and a wheel is freely available to the rest of the time. Under such conditions rats run excessively and stop eating even during periods in which food is available. A defining characteristic of the excessive activity is ...
Galarce Ezequiel M EM Johns Hopkins University, USA. - - 2010
Considerable evidence shows that environmental cues that signal food delivery when rats are food-deprived can substantially potentiate feeding later when rats are food-sated. Similarly, cues associated with meal interruption, food removal or impending food scarcity may also induce increased eating. For example, after learning the association between a discrete "interruption" ...
Angeles-Castellanos M - - 2010
Daily feeding schedules entrain temporal patterns of behavior, metabolism, neuronal activity and clock gene expression in several brain areas and periphery while the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the biological clock, remains coupled to the light/dark cycle. Because bilateral lesions of the SCN do not abolish food entrained behavioral and hormonal rhythms ...
Ishizuka Tomoko - - 2010
When animals eat food, the oral cavity receives a variety of sensory information from food. The hardness of food, which elicits somatic sensation, is thought to affect feeding behavior, however, the details of neuronal mechanism are unclear. The histaminergic system is known to be involved in feeding behavior, and our ...
Chen Kun-Chao - - 2009
Outbreaks of food-associated renal failure in pets occurred in Asia and the United States of America in 2004 and 2007. They were related to the combined intoxication of cyanuric acid and melamine. Our aims were to investigate cyanuric acid and melamine contamination of pet food and to examine subchronic toxicity ...
Gaskin Stephane - - 2010
We tested the effects of temporary inactivation of the dorsal entorhinal cortex on spatial discrimination using a conditioned cue preference (CCP) paradigm. The three phases of the procedure were: pre-exposure: unreinforced exploration of the center platform and two adjacent arms of an eight-arm radial maze; training: rats were confined to ...
Close James - - 2009
One connectionist analysis of the acquired equivalence/distinctiveness of cues assumes that when similar compounds (e.g., AX and BX) are paired with the same outcome (e.g., food, +; or no food, -), their components come to activate the same configural unit (ABX). When these compounds are paired with different outcomes, their ...
Silveira P P PP PPG Neurociências, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. - - 2010
Neonatal handling in rats persistently alters behavioral parameters and responses to stress. Such animals eat more sweet food in adult life, without alterations in lab chow ingestion. Here, we show that neonatally handled rats display greater incentive salience to a sweet reward in a runway test; however they are less ...
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