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Results 451 - 500 of 650
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Flatt P R - - 1987
Subcutaneous implantation of small fragments of a radiation-induced transplantable rat insulinoma into the subscapular region of 16- to 17-week-old male NEDH rats resulted, over a 22-day period, in the progressive development of marked hyperinsulinaemia and severe hypoglycaemia, despite a compensatory increase in food intake. Diurnal changes were examined at 3-hourly ...
Wilson J F - - 1987
To assess the effects of sucrose, low levels of dietary protein, and pregnancy on food intake, sixty-four female rats were assigned to eight groups in a 2 X 2 X 2 design. Food, water, and sucrose intake and rats' weights were measured daily. Pregnant rats offered sucrose with low protein ...
Santos Pinto F N - - 1987
The relationship between food intake and oxygen consumption was studied in a group of 60 rats acclimated at environmental temperatures of either 30 or 10 degrees C. Three separate experiments were performed. In the first, 28 rats were divided into two groups: control, which received 20 and 32 g of ...
Bellinger L L - - 1987
In a previous study we found that while human satietin (h-SAT) suppressed the food intake of rats it was also aversive to them. In the present study rat satietin (r-SAT) was tested for aversiveness in rats fitted with chronic third ventricle (ICV) cannulas. The rats were then given access to ...
Tordoff M G - - 1987
Free-feeding normal and streptozotocin-diabetic rats were allowed to drink 10 ml of 35% glucose solution or an equicaloric 15% corn oil emulsion during the 1st hr of the dark period. While the drinks were available, the rats ate food that contained distinctive flavors such that a particular flavor was always ...
Plata-Salamán C R - - 1987
Evidence indicates that intra-third cerebroventricular (III-ICV) administration of calcitonin suppresses food and water intake of rats. The purpose of this study was to determine whether calcitonin would influence angiotensin II-induced dipsogenesis when simultaneously administered III-ICV. Administration of calcitonin (0.5 U/rat) suppressed food and water intake in male Wistar rats. III-ICV ...
Bellinger L L - - 1987
Satietin is a putative satiety agent when given either peripherally or intracerebroventricularly (ICV). In the present study male Sprague Dawley rats were fitted with chronic third ventricle cannulas. After recovery, Alzet seven day osmotic pumps were inserted subcutaneously and tubing was connected to the cannula. Rats were then infused ICV ...
Plata-Salamán C R - - 1987
The mechanism of the diurnal eating pattern in the rat (eating much more food at night than in the day) is not entirely clear. To further study the influence of environmental lighting on food intake, male rats were maintained in constant 12:12 light-dark cycle (daytime from 0800 to 2000) and ...
Behm R - - 1987
The effect of almitrine on salt appetite, water intake, and renal excretory function was investigated in conscious adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) of both sexes. The animals were kept singly in metabolic cages and given free access to food, water and 2.5% NaCl-solution. Oral administration of almitrine (0.4 mg/kg) for ...
Solano-Flores L P - - 1986
To assess the relation between the suprachiasmatic nucleus and the locus coeruleus, persistent estrous was induced in female rats by exposure to constant bright light followed with electrolytic damage of the locus coeruleus. Locus coeruleus lesions resulted in a transient loss of persistent estrous indicated by sustained diestrous aspect of ...
Friedman M I - - 1986
Inhibition of glycolysis and fatty acid oxidation by combined treatment with 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) and methyl palmoxirate, or inhibition of glycolysis and lipolysis by combined treatment with 2DG and nicotonic acid synergistically increased food intake in rats. Methyl palmoxirate treatment alone increased food intake in rats fed a high-fat, but not ...
Friedman M I - - 1986
To determine whether glucose and fat metabolism interact to control food intake, rats were administered 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), which inhibits glucose utilization, and methyl palmoxirate (MP), which inhibits fatty acid oxidation. Combined treatment with 2-DG and MP increased food intake in a synergistic fashion. This synergistic effect was observed even at ...
Weatherford S C - - 1986
Hepatic vagotomized and hepatic portal alloxan-injected rats and their controls were tested for glucagon satiety at three time points during the circadian photoperiod: 6 hr into the light cycle with no food deprivation using a palatable liquid food; at the onset of the dark cycle after 6 hr food deprivation ...
Wager-Srdar S A - - 1986
During lactation food intake increases greatly without an accompanying large increase in body weight; therefore, this physiological state is an excellent example of non-obese hyperphagia. In the present study, we found that cholecystokinin (CCK-8) decreased food intake in lactating and virgin female rats. However, female rats were more resistant to ...
Shor-Posner G - - 1986
Norepinephrine (NE) injected into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) has a stimulatory effect on feeding behavior and is found to selectively enhance preference for carbohydrate in the rat. The present experiments were conducted to assess the impact of chronic depletion of NE within the PVN on food intake and appetite regulation. ...
Mascarenhas J F - - 1986
Adult female rats were given ad lib access to two pairs of specially prepared diets containing the three macro-nutrients, protein, fat and carbohydrate, in such proportion that both pairs were isocaloric but one pair varied in protein content (45% and 5%) and the other pair in carbohydrate content (70% and ...
Scharrer E - - 1986
The role of fatty acid oxidation in the control of food intake was studied using mercaptoacetate (MA), an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation. Food intake, plasma free fatty acids (FFA) and ketone bodies, and blood glucose were measured. Rats were fed either a low-fat (LF, 3.33% fat) or a medium-fat ...
Virk M S - - 1986
We determined the effects of phenol and 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (syringol) on N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) formation in rats given morpholine and nitrite by gavage. At 30 min post-gavage the recovery (from the stomach, duodenum and blood) of 564 micrograms NMOR was six times higher when administered to rats by gavage with 2 g ...
Shor-Posner G - - 1986
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) has been found to be sensitive to the feeding stimulatory effects of opiates. The present experiments investigated the effect of systemic morphine (2 mg/kg) on macronutrient selection in freely-feeding and food-restricted rats and assessed the impact of PVN electrolytic and 6-hydroxydopamine lesions on the rats' ...
Osborne B - - 1986
The feeding and drinking behavior was examined in male rats with fornix transections and sham-operated control rats. Total food and water consumption was recorded but supplemented by a pattern analysis of feeding and drinking behavior. The behavior of the rats was continuously monitored during four hour morning and afternoon sessions ...
Simbayi L C - - 1986
Associations between a specific flavour and access to food were studied using a discrimination procedure devised by Holman (1975). This involved giving rats one flavour (e.g. cinnamon) of saccharin solution on some days, and following this by delivery of food, and a second flavour (e.g. wintergreen) on other days which ...
Vergoni A V - - 1986
The synthetic corticotropin ACTH (1-24) (tetracosactide), injected into a brain lateral ventricle after a 24h starvation period or into the ventromedial hypothalamus during the nocturnal feeding phase, markedly inhibited food intake, in rats. In starved rats, the dose of 4 micrograms/rat was maximally effective and reduced food intake by 76.6% ...
Hoffman D C - - 1986
It has been observed in previous research that rats treated with the dopamine receptor antagonist, pimozide, failed to eat palatable food pellets. Two possible interpretations for this effect were evaluated, namely, a reduction in the primary level of food motivation or drug-induced hypokinesia resulting in a subsequent failure to find ...
Plata-Salamán C R - - 1986
Several lines of evidences indicate that insulin affords short- and long-term neuroendocrine signals to modulate ingestive behavior. To further study a possible role of insulin in the control of food intake, male Wistar rats were subjected to various intra-third cerebro-ventricular applications of saline and insulin. Infusion of 2.0 mIU/rat of ...
Stoynev A G - - 1986
The 24-hour variations in 2-hour diuretic and saluretic action of furosemide (4 mg/kg) given at 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 or 4 hr and the circadian rhythms of food and water intake, urine and electrolyte excretion followed for two consecutive days at 4-hour intervals were investigated in suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN)-lesioned ...
Levine A S - - 1986
Uremia results in a decrease in food intake. In the present study we investigated whether opiates known to stimulate feeding would alter food intake in rats made uremic by 1 and 5/6 nephrectomy. Morphine increased food intake in sham nephrectomized rats, but failed to alter food intake in uremic animals ...
Nose H - - 1986
A method to measure circulating blood volume continuously on a conscious rat was developed using the dilution method of 51Cr-labelled red cell and changes in blood volume after drinking and food intake were monitored. In splenectomized rats, the blood volume showed a transient decrease of 0.1-0.2 ml/100 g body wt. ...
Nsahaho J - - 1986
To determine the water and food consumption relationships of immature rats during severe undernutrition, water and food consumption rates and ratios of 35 male albino rats underfed from birth and re-fed starting at 20, 30, 40 and 50 days of age (6 rats in each group) or not re-fed (11 ...
Shor-Posner G - - 1985
Noradrenergic mechanisms of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) have been shown to play an important role in the stimulation of feeding To determine the influence of this nucleus in monitoring and controlling responses to physiological and pharmacological challenges, PVN electrolytic lesion rats were tested for their behavioral responsiveness to agents ...
Fukushima M - - 1985
The food intake of sham-operated and adrenalectomized rats was measured in 12-h intervals with animals housed in either alternating periods of 12:12 light-dark or in continuous light. The food intake with alternating light and dark was unaffected by adrenalectomy. The maintenance of a constant infusion of corticosterone in adrenalectomized rats ...
Kraeuchi K - - 1985
During chronic methamphetamine (M) administration and after drug withdrawal, total daily food intake, water consumption and body weight increase was measured. Additionally, food intake in the early light phase provided an index of normal circadian rhythmicity. A parallel development of tolerance to the anorexic effect of M and increased feeding ...
Stuckey J A - - 1985
Systemically administered bombesin reduces food intake in rats, mice, baboons, and humans. The mechanism of action is unknown. We report here that presumed neural disconnection of the gastrointestinal tract from the brain blocked the reduction of food intake by exogenous bombesin at a test meal in rats. We also found ...
Freedman M R - - 1985
Male obese and lean Zucker rats were adrenalectomized (ADX) or sham-operated at 10 wk of age. Approximately 16 wk later, patterns of food intake were monitored by computer-interfaced top loading balances. Data were collected from ADX rats before, during, and after access to a corticosterone-supplemented saline solution (20 micrograms/ml). Although ...
Norton J A - - 1985
To demonstrate that the anorexia and depletion of cachexia reverses on tumor removal, F344 rats underwent sarcoma resection when their food intake fell to 0 g/day. In survivors of surgery, reversal in food intake was apparent within 3 days postoperatively, followed after 2 days by gain in host weight. To ...
Freeman P H - - 1985
Adult female rats that underwent sympathectomy induced by guanethidine treatment (10, 20 or 40 mg/kg) exhibited markedly increased water intake, but did not display significant alterations of either food intake, body weight, or the Lee Index of obesity. Guanethidine treatment did not attenuate amphetamine anorexia as evidenced by comparable dose-dependent ...
Simansky K J - - 1985
Rats were restricted for three weeks to a schedule of 4-hr daily access to food. The regional concentrations of dopamine (DA) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in the forebrain were then determined after the rats: (1) were food-deprived overnight; (2) ate for the first hour of the scheduled feeding period; or ...
James J - - 1985
A simple automatic food dispensing machine can be used to train rats to a regime of meal-feeding during one hour at night. Apart from some 20% of the animals which fail to adapt but can be recognized early during training on the basis of weight curve, a population of animals ...
Friedman M I - - 1985
The effects of varying dietary fat content on food intake and metabolism in streptozotocin-diabetic rats were examined. The metabolic consequences of fat feeding were separated from the marked adjustments in voluntary food consumption that occur when diabetic rats are fed diets containing different amounts of fat by feeding rats a ...
Nichols M B - - 1985
In the present study, the relationship between central catecholamine levels and the anorexia induced by Walker 256 carcinoma was investigated. Results indicate that the anorexia is not due to depletion of central catecholamines. Tumor bearing rats sacrificed at night, when spontaneous food intake is selectively depressed, showed increased norepinephrine levels ...
Beauchamp G K - - 1985
Many studies have demonstrated that when sodium-replete rats are given a choice between water and isotonic saline, they consume more of the isotonic saline. Their ingestive responses to a choice between salted and unsalted food, however, have not been studied in the same detail. Because humans consume salt in or ...
Galef B G BG - - 1985
The present series of studies was undertaken to investigate the hypothesis (von F. Steiniger, 1950, Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 7, 356-379; K. A. Stierhoff, & M. Lavin, 1982, Behavioral and Neural Biology, 34, 180-189) that rats poisoned after eating a novel food will mark that novel food in such a way ...
Pico R M - - 1985
The place behaviors of intact rats, and of those receiving fornix lesions, were examined in the radial-arm maze. A cue-restricted environment was constructed wherein the location of arms with food rewards were identifiable only by their position in relation to an intermittently rotated 4-cue set. Food obtainment was measured during ...
Peder M W - - 1985
The effects of daily 10-min mouse exposure tests on food consumption were studied in killer and non-killer Sprague-Dawley rats. The results showed both mouse-killers and non-killers significantly to decrease their food consumption when tested daily for mouse-killing. The effect was more pronounced in mouse-killers than in non-killers and the day-to-day ...
Fisler J S - - 1985
The effect of several drugs on food intake has been examined in two strains of rats, one (S 5B/P1) which is resistant to developing obesity when eating a high fat diet, and one (Osborne-Mendel) which readily develops obesity when eating the same diet. Insulin and 2-deoxy-D-glucose increased food intake in ...
Ikonomov O C - - 1985
The circadian rhythms of food and 1% NaCl intake, and urine, Na+, Cl- and K+ excretion were followed up in male Wistar rats before and one week after bilateral adrenalectomy at 4-hour intervals during two consecutive days. The circadian rhythms of plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma immunoreactive insulin (IRI) ...
Harper D S - - 1985
Five well-characterized foods were used to compare two systems for estimating the cariogenic potential of food: human plaque-acidity using interdental metallic touch electrodes, and cariogenicity testing in rats. Both systems identified the same food as the least cariogenic or acidogenic food and identified the same three foods as being both ...
Canbeyli R S - - 1984
The significance of the upper small intestine in long-term regulation of food intake was investigated in pairs of parabiotic rats in which a 30 cm transected segment of each rat's intestine was sewn into continuity with the intestine of its partner. In this preparation, food eaten by one rat passes ...
Wellman P J - - 1984
The influence of 4-hydroxyamphetamine (4-OHAM) on food and water intake and in vivo brown adipose thermogenesis was examined in two experiments. In Experiment 1, female rats were treated with 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 1.00, or 2.00 mg/kg 4-OHAM (ip) prior to assessment of interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) thermogenesis. The 4-OHAM ...
McLaughlin C L - - 1984
Glucagon, a putative satiety peptide, has decreased food intake and antibodies to glucagon have increased food intake when administered acutely. It may be hypothesized if rats were immunized against glucagon, antibodies would chronically sequester glucagon released during meals and food intake and weight gain would increase. Female Zucker obese (n ...
Hallonquist J D - - 1984
Bilateral electrolytic (DC) or radiofrequency (RF) lesions of the ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH) area produced two abnormal stages of fattening in adult female rats. Following a negatively-accelerated, curvilinear phase of weight gain which lasted 10 weeks, a linear phase of fattening continued for an additional 30 weeks at a rate approximately ...
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