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Gungunes A A Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey - - - 2014
Nesfatin-1 was recently discovered anorexigenic peptide in the brain which is derived from nucleobindin-2. Central and peripheral administration of nesfatin-1, inhibits food intake, dose-dependently. Hyperthyroid patients have increased appetite and food intake with a craving for carbohydrate-rich food, at the beginning of disease, but the physiological mechanisms underlying this behavior ...
Vyncke Krishna K Department of Public Health, Ghent University, 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
The present study aimed to assess the correlation between food and fatty acid (FA) intake and the serum phospholipid (PL) FA status in European adolescents and explored the percentage of variation in serum PL FA that could be attributed to dietary habits. Participants included 528 adolescents recruited in the HELENA ...
Bae Jisuk J Department of Preventive Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
Caffeine, a commonly consumed food constituent, is known to exert beneficial physiological effects in humans. There is a lack of comprehensive population data for the effects of caffeine intake on urate metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether coffee, tea, and caffeine intake influences serum uric ...
Westin Andreas Austgulen AA Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St. Olav University Hospital, 7006, Trondheim, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether physical exercise or food deprivation may increase cannabionoid levels in serum or urine in abstinent chronic cannabis users. The study took place in a drug detoxification ward parallel to study participants receiving treatment. Six chronic, daily cannabis users (one female, five ...
Liu Z M ZM Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Hyperuricemia is a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Soy foods contain a moderate amount of purine and may predispose to raised serum uric acid (UA). However, no study has examined the long-term effect of soy intake on UA levels. We examined whether consumption of soy foods and isoflavone extracts ...
Taylor Christine L CL Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
The discrepancy between the commonly used vitamin D status measures-intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations-has been perplexing. Sun exposure increases serum 25(OH)D concentrations and is often used as an explanation for the higher population-based serum concentrations in the face of apparently low vitamin D intake. However, sun exposure may ...
Yang Meng M Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, 3624 Horsebarn Road, Extension Unit 4017, Storrs, CT 06269-4017, - - 2014
To investigate water contributors in relation to dietary and serum micronutrient profiles. A cross-sectional study. The main exposures were water contributors. Selected dietary and serum micronutrient levels were outcome measures. Settings The US population and its subgroups. US adults (n 2691) aged ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition ...
- - 2014
The federal budget for 2014, signed into law by President Obama in January, increases funding for the NIH, National Cancer Institute, and U.S. Food and Drug Administration, but it doesn't fully cover the losses they sustained collectively in 2013 due to sequestration.
Hajihashemi Parisa P Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Whole-grain foods have been reported to affect serum levels of inflammatory cytokines. However, we are aware of no study examining the effect of whole-grain intake on inflammatory biomarkers among children. The present study aimed to determine the effect of whole-grain intake on serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers in overweight or ...
Keown Karen K Department of Community Paediatrics, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, U - - 2014
A 4-year-old boy attending the autism assessment service was identified to have a restricted diet. His food diary documented that he ate a narrow range of foods and consumed excessive quantities of carrot juice (excess 2.5 L daily). Physical examination showed that the boy had a florid orange discolouration of ...
Luick Bret B Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, - - 2014
Low serum vitamin D is associated with higher latitude, age, body fat percentage and low intake of fatty fish. Little documentation of vitamin D concentrations is available for Alaska Native populations. This study was undertaken to investigate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations of the Yup'ik people of southwestern Alaska in ...
Pounis George G Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli (IS), - - 2014
Folate status has been associated with neural tube defects and cerebrovascular disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible differences in folate status in two European Union countries and to assess their possible association with dietary patterns and/or other lifestyles. In the framework of the European Union-funded IMMIDIET ...
McDonnell Sharon L - - 2013
Unsupplemented vitamin D status is determined by cutaneous synthesis and food inputs; however, their relative magnitudes are largely unknown. In a cohort of 780 non-supplement-taking adults with a mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] of 33 (±14) ng/ml we assessed the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and non-food environmental variables. Serum 25(OH)D ...
Amin Maryse R MR Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
In children with food allergy, multiple food-specific serum IgE levels to common food allergens are frequently measured. To compare food-specific serum IgE measurements among common food allergens in children with food allergy to determine the characteristics of the measurements, their ability to discriminate between foods associated and not associated with ...
Murakami Kentaro - - 2013
Little is known about the relation of modifiable dietary factors to circulating adiponectin concentrations, particularly in young adults and non-Western populations. The aim of this study was to determine the association between macronutrient and food intake and serum adiponectin concentration in a group of young Japanese women. This cross-sectional study ...
Voltolini S - - 2013
We analyse two cases of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) allergy. The first regards a female laboratory technician with a history of bronchial asthma due to cat allergy,  who developed an exacerbation of bronchial symptoms as a consequence of BSA powder inhalation at work. To date, sensitization to BSA as a ...
Miller R - - 2013
Background:Both insufficiency and resistance to the actions of the adipocyte-derived hormone leptin promote hunger, increased food intake and greater body weight. Some studies suggest that adults reporting binge eating have increased serum leptin compared with those without binge eating, even after adjusting for the greater adiposity that characterizes binge eaters. ...
Kim Hee-Young - - 2013
Serum samples were collected from volunteers of various ages and both genders using a proportionate stratified sampling method, to assess the exposure of the general population in Busan, South Korea to perfluorinated compounds (PFCs). 16 PFCs were investigated in serum samples from 306 adults (124 males and 182 females) and ...
Murakami Kentaro - - 2013
Little is known about the relation of modifiable dietary factors to circulating homocysteine concentrations, particularly in young adults and non-Western populations. We investigated the hypothesis that intakes of nutrients and foods are associated with serum homocysteine concentration in a group of young Japanese women. This cross-sectional study included 1050 female ...
Navia B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To assess the selenium status of a group of schoolchildren from the Region of Madrid, Spain. METHODS: Study subjects comprised 483 children (216 boys and 267 girls) aged between 8 and 13 years. Selenium intake was determined using a 3-day food record. The foods consumed were transformed into energy and ...
Ma S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pollen food syndrome is one of the main causes of food allergies in adults. However, the intrinsic immunological mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: Forty pollinosis sufferers [23 with a food allergy (PSFA) and 17 without a food allergy (PS)] and 17 non-atopic healthy controls were included in this study. The ...
Crogan Neva L - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of implementing the Eat Right food delivery system and measure its impact on residents' food satisfaction, food intake, and subsequent nutritional status, including serum prealbumin levels and changes in body weight. Two eastern Washington State nursing homes (NHs) were recruited ...
Zheng Dianyuan - - 2013
Oxytetracycline (OTC), a broad-spectrum antibiotic, has been extensively used as a food additive for livestock. Its extensive use has greatly increased the risk of chronic drug abuse and has also increased the risk of the resulting diseases. Therefore, in light of this emerging situation, the detection of OTC in both ...
Brei Christina - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To determine the vitamin A status and appropriate supplementation dosage of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients who received vitamin A supplementation based on annual serum retinol measurements. METHODS: Vitamin A food intake, supplementation dosage, and serum retinol levels were obtained for 32 CF patients >4 years of age ...
Kang Myung-Hwa - - 2013
Several studies have reported that heavy metals have a relation with osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. In this study, we investigated the association between heavy metal exposure status, as assessed by serum major heavy metals such as lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg) and bone mineral density (BMD) status among ...
Myung Kyung - - 2012
The sequestration of grapefruit furanocoumarins by foods was investigated by characterizing the binding between these compounds and foods with contrasting protein, fat, and carbohydrate compositions. Individual grapefruit furanocoumarins exhibited contrasting affinities to foods, where the lipophilic bergamottin and several structurally-related dimers bound to foods more tightly than the more polar ...
Crogan Neva L - - 2012
Background: This article describes the testing of a new nursing home food delivery system that empowers elders to choose the foods they want to eat and gives them an active voice in menu development. Methods: Using a 2-group, repeated measures design, 61 elderly residents from 2 eastern Washington nursing homes ...
Lin Yulan - - 2012
The validity of using FFQ to assess dietary lignans is uncertain. We aimed to validate the use of FFQ for the assessment of dietary intake of lignans compared to the serum biomarker enterolactone, the main product of dietary lignans' metabolism in human subjects. A random sample of women, aged 55-75 ...
Bergkvist Charlotte - - 2012
SCOPE: The health consequences of lifelong low-level exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) via food are largely unknown, mainly due to the lack of large population-based prospective studies addressing this issue. We validated long-term food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)-based dietary PCB exposure against concentrations of six PCB congeners in serum. METHODS AND ...
Ji Kyunghee - - 2012
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) have been used in various industrial and consumer products for decades, and have consequently been detected in human blood worldwide. In the present study, general adult population in Daegu, Korea (n=140, >20years of old) was recruited, collected for serum, and analyzed for 13 major PFAAs. The influence ...
Chen Tuo-Kang - - 2012
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene are associated with allergic diseases in different populations. This study aimed to determine the distribution of two SNPs at -1082A/G and -592A/C (rs1800896 and rs1800872, respectively) in the IL-10 gene promoter of Taiwanese food allergy (FA) patients, and also to compare ...
Hall Jean A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if feeding dogs medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), fish oil, and L-carnitine enriched foods offsets age-associated changes in serum fatty acids (FA) and carnitine metabolites. Forty-one healthy Beagles, mean age 9.9 years (range 3.1 to 14.8), were fed control or one of two treatment ...
Mohapatra Bidyut R - - 2011
Bacillus pumilus SAFR-032 spores originally isolated from Jet Propulsion Laboratory spacecraft assembly facility clean room are extremely resistant to UV-radiation, H(2) O(2) , desiccation, chemical disinfections and starvation compared to spores of other Bacillus species. The resistance of B. pumilus SAFR-032 spores to standard industrial clean room sterilization practices is ...
Coelho Jennifer S - - 2012
The effects of pre-exposure to high- versus low-caloric foods on fruit intake were investigated. A total of 56 children participated in this study, and were randomly assigned to an exposure condition: high-caloric food, low-caloric food, or control. Children who were pre-exposed to a high-caloric food ate more fruit than did ...
Lee Kyung Goo - - 2011
In order to determine the efficacy of functional foods, objective measurement of the severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) after taking foods is important. The aim of this study was to conduct an objective evaluation of whether Korean red ginseng (KRG) might be helpful for improvement of skin condition and serum ...
Tang Yaoping - - 2011
To review the most recent published literature on the biological effects of nitrite and nitrate in order to establish the context for potential health benefits vs. potential risks or adverse effects. Nitrite and nitrate are indigenous to our diet and are formed naturally within our body from the oxidation of ...
Jahurul M H A - - 2010
The intake of heterocyclic amines is influenced by the amount and type of meat and fish ingested, frequency of consumption, cooking methods, cooking temperature, and duration of cooking. In this study, the dietary intake of heterocyclic amines in Malaysia and their main sources were investigated. Forty-two samples of meat and ...
Young Neil D - - 2010
Liver flukes, such as Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini, are food-borne parasites that have a major impact on the health of humans and animals, particularly in Asia. However, the impact of C. sinensis and O. viverrini, in particular, is exacerbated in that these parasites can induce a malignant, untreatable cancer ...
Katic Jelena - - 2010
Complex exposure to xenobiotics is one of the reasons for the reported increase of respiratory diseases, cancer and immunological disturbances. Among such xenobiotics there are food mutagens whose effects on human health in the low level and/or chronic exposure still remains unknown. In the present manuscript, the compounds ethanol (EtOH), ...
Tippkötter Nils - - 2010
Nitrate is an undesirable component of several foods. A typical case of contamination with high nitrate contents is whey concentrate, containing nitrate in concentrations up to 25 l. The microbiological removal of nitrate by Paracoccus denitrificans under formation of harmless nitrogen in combination with a cell retention reactor is described ...
Mohamed Gehad G - - 2010
This work has been carried out to investigate the conditions which lead to removal of the biogenic amines through the model system. Also, the main goal of this research work is trying to remove biogenic amines; histamine and tyramine, from some Egyptian foods such as tomato, strawberry, banana and mango ...
Siddiqui Imtiaz A IA Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin, Medical Sciences Center #B-25, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2010
Chemoprevention through the use of bioactive food components is a practical approach for cancer control. Despite abundant efficacy data under preclinical settings, this strategy has resulted in limited success for human cancer control. Amongst many reasons, inefficient systemic delivery and bioavailability of promising chemopreventive agents are considered to significantly contribute ...
Awney Hala A - - 2010
Meat intake may increase cancer risk as heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are one of the food mutagens produced in meat cooked at high temperature. The consumption of meat in Saudi Arabia is high compared with other developing countries and the incidence of cancer has been increasing during the past 30 years. ...
Iwasaki Motoki - - 2010
Heterocyclic amine (HCA) concentrations were measured in meat and fish samples cooked by pan-frying, grilling and churrasco (Brazilian barbecue) to various levels of doneness in accordance with the cooking methods most commonly used in Brazil. HCAs were extracted by the Blue-rayon absorption method and measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine ...
Coulet Myriam - - 2010
Sudan I is generally considered mutagenic based on various in vitro and in vivo tests and is carcinogenic in the rat. Dose-response modelling of the data for hepatocellular adenomas in male rats gave a BMDL(10) of 7.3mg/kg-bw/day. Sudan I is an unauthorised substance that might be present in food intermittently. ...
Carthew Philip - - 2010
Furan is commonly found in foods such as coffee, canned and jarred foods, including baby food containing meat, and various vegetables. It is thought to be formed by the thermal decomposition of carbohydrates. Furan is carcinogenic in rodents, although the detailed mechanism of action has not been completely established, for ...
Versilovskis Aleksandrs - - 2010
Sterigmatocystin (STC) is a mycotoxin produced by fungi of many different Aspergillus species. Other species such as Bipolaris, Chaetomium, Emiricella are also able to produce STC. STC producing fungi were frequently isolated from different foodstuffs, while STC was regularly detected in grains, corn, bread, cheese, spices, coffee beans, soybeans, pistachio ...
Griesenbeck John S - - 2010
Multiple N-nitroso compounds have been observed in animal studies to be both mutagenic and teratogenic. Human exposure to N-nitroso compounds and their precursors, nitrates and nitrites, can occur through exogenous sources, such as diet, drinking water, occupation, or environmental exposures, and through endogenous exposures resulting from the formation of N-nitroso ...
Evans Richard M - - 2010
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo-[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is a heterocyclic amine which is found in food after cooking and which is a known mutagen. Reports from several laboratories have proposed that PhIP has estrogenic activity, which would classify PhIP as a xenoestrogen with human exposure via food. We tested PhIP in two cell-based assays for ...
Barlow Susan - - 2010
Approaches for the risk assessment of carcinogens in food have evolved as scientific knowledge has advanced. Early methods allowed little more than hazard identification and an indication of carcinogenic potency. Evaluation of the modes of action of carcinogens and their broad division into genotoxic and epigenetic (non-genotoxic, non-DNA reactive) carcinogens ...
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