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McGreevy Jenny J Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Taste and smell alterations (TSAs) in patients with lung cancer are poorly understood. This study investigates characteristics of TSAs when most severe, reported by patients after starting treatment for lung cancer. Data was collected regarding TSAs, symptoms, food intake and nutritional status through structured interviews using the Taste and Smell ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the absorbable lung biopsy plug into class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to the device are identified in this order, and will be part of the codified language for the absorbable lung biopsy plug's classification. The Agency is ...
Saito E E Faculty of Science, Japan Women's University, Tokyo 112-8681, - - 2014
The concentration and particle size distribution of 19 major polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) emitted by thermal cooking were investigated. Corn, trout, beef, prawns, and pork were selected for grilling. The PAHs in the oil mist emitted when the food was grilled were collected according to particle size range and analysed ...
Sartorato Fábio A S FA Laboratory of Developmental Biology, Department of Morphology and Genetics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nutritional aggravations during pregnancy or during the early stages of postnatal development can impair bone development; thus, we aimed to assess the effects of food restriction on the dental alveolar bone repair process using histometric analysis. Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into three groups: (C) 12 pups were obtained from ...
Rittman Sandra - - 2013
Anthropogenic substances have the potential to affect animal behavior either because they present a novel stimulus or because they interfere with natural chemical communication pathways. Such shifts can alter the dynamic between predators and potential prey, which might affect population success as well as the strength of food web linkages. ...
Kumar Sandeep - - 2013
Macrophages, the characteristic cell type in inflammatory reactions, participate in a variety of immunological events in humans and other mammals. They act as regulatory switches for both innate and acquired arms of immune system and play a vital role in tissue repair. Recent studies have shown the possible role of ...
Yang Gong G Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37203-1738, USA. - - 2013
We recently reported an inverse association between soy food intake and lung cancer risk among nonsmoking women. The effect size for aggressive lung cancers was larger than that observed for other types of lung cancer. Therefore, we hypothesized that soy consumption may favorably affect the overall survival of patients with ...
Goldbogen Jeremy A JA Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, WA 98501, USA. - - 2013
The extreme body size of blue whales requires a high energy intake and therefore demands efficient foraging strategies. As an obligate lunge feeder on aggregations of small zooplankton, blue whales engulf a large volume of prey-laden water in a single, rapid gulp. The efficiency of this feeding mechanism is strongly ...
Borisova Irina V - - 2013
To determine the course of food allergy in accordance with the level of respiratory tract injury in children of Eastern Siberia. We have examined 70 children aged 2-16 , who have food sensibilization. We divided them into 2 groups: group I (n=32) with diseases of the upper and middle respiratory ...
Friedlander James L - - 2013
Children with asthma have increased prevalence of food allergies. The relationship between food allergy and asthma morbidity is unclear. We aimed to investigate the presence of food allergy as an independent risk factor for increased asthma morbidity using the School Inner-City Asthma (SICAS), a prospective study evaluating risk factors and ...
Jürges Hendrik - - 2012
Using the German 1970 census to study educational and labor market outcomes of cohorts born during the German food crisis after World War II, I document that those born between November 1945 and May 1946 have significantly lower educational attainment and occupational status than cohorts born shortly before or after. ...
Meule Adrian - - 2012
Eveningness preference is associated with unhealthy eating behaviors. We measured state and trait food cravings in chronotypes in the morning and in the evening. Less Evening (E)- than Morning (M)-types reported to have had breakfast. Accordingly, hours that had elapsed since the last meal were higher in E- than M-types ...
Yang Gong G Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 600, Nashville, TN 37203-1738, USA. - - 2012
The authors prospectively evaluated the association of soy food intake with lung cancer risk, overall and by tumor aggressiveness, and performed a meta-analysis of published data. Included in the analysis were 71,550 women recruited into the Shanghai Women's Health Study (Shanghai, China) in 1997-2000. Usual soy food intake was assessed ...
Debellis Heather F - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, chronic disease, in which malnutrition can have an undesirable effect. Therefore, the patient's nutritional status is critical for optimizing outcomes in COPD. The initial nutrition assessment is focused on identifying calorically compromised COPD patients in order to provide them with appropriate nutrition. ...
Tsui Martin Tsz Ki - - 2012
Nearly all ecosystems are contaminated with highly toxic methylmercury (MeHg), but the specific sources and pathways leading to the uptake of MeHg within and among food webs are not well understood. In this study, we report stable mercury (Hg) isotope compositions in food webs in a river and an adjacent ...
Lam Tram K TK Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2012
Epidemiologic studies have reported that frequent consumption of quercetin-rich foods is inversely associated with lung cancer incidence. A quercetin-rich diet might modulate microRNA (miR) expression; however, this mechanism has not been fully examined. miR expression data were measured by a custom-made array in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 264 lung ...
Christensen Krista Yorita - - 2012
It has been hypothesized that flavonoids in foods and beverages may reduce cancer risk through antioxidation, inhibition of inflammation, and other antimutagenic and antiproliferative properties. We examined associations between intake of 5 flavonoid subclasses (anthocyanidins, flavan-3-ols, flavones, flavonols, and flavanones) and lung cancer risk in a population-based case-control study in ...
Zolak Jason S - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease of unknown cause characterized by progressive scarring of the lung parenchyma and relentless loss of lung function. The diagnosis depends on close collaboration between clinicians, radiologists, and pathologists. No therapies approved by the Food and Drug Administration are available for IPF, ...
Dutton Rachel J - - 2012
Humans harbor microbial communities throughout the gastrointestinal tract that both respond to and modify orally ingested macronutrients, bioactive compounds, and xenobiotics; for example, the metabolism of polyphenols, heterocyclic amines, and phosphatidylcholine. However, the composition and physiological impact of our diet is also linked to the methods of food production, preparation, ...
Gu Dan - - 2012
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is a heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) that is formed during the cooking of meat, poultry, and fish. PhIP is a rodent carcinogen and is thought to contribute to several diet-related cancers in humans. PhIP is present in the hair of human omnivores but not in the hair of ...
Fegan Narelle - - 2012
Escherichia coli are common inhabitants in the intestinal tracts of warm blooded animals where they generally cause no harm to the host, although there are some types of E. coli which are able to cause disease. The most significant of these are enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) which can cause severe ...
Cantarero Luis - - 2012
This research aims to analyze the relationship between sociocultural values and human food preferences. The latter, as shown in this paper, are greatly influenced by cultural identity. This work stems from a theoretical context that originated in Europe and the United States towards the mid-twentieth century, within the field of ...
Gilpin B J BJ Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2013
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis genotypes of Campylobacter isolates from 603 human patients were compared with 485 isolates from retail offal (primarily chicken and lamb) to identify temporal clusters and possible sources of campylobacteriosis. Detailed epidemiological information was collected from 364 of the patients, and when combined with genotyping data allowed a ...
Belser-Ehrlich Sarah - - 2012
Ergotism in humans and cattle are caused by several species of Claviceps that infect rye and other cereal grains. Symptoms in humans vary greatly and are generally classified as convulsive, gangrenous, or gastrointestinal (enteric). Cattle are particularly susceptible to both gangrenous and hyperthermic ergotism (also called summer syndrome). The prevalence ...
Lee Catherine A - - 2012
  Astringency, a tactile sensation felt in the mouth after exposure to various foods, is poorly understood. Our objective was to investigate the mechanism of astringency by determining if it was related to a loss of saliva's ability to lubricate mouth surfaces. We used 2 complementary approaches: (1) instrumentally determining ...
Hayward Adam D - - 2012
Severe food shortage is associated with increased mortality and reduced reproductive success in contemporary and historical human populations. Studies of wild animal populations have shown that subtle variation in environmental conditions can influence patterns of mortality, fecundity and natural selection, but the fitness implications of such subtle variation on human ...
Kaiser Ingrid I Department for Developmental and Biological Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Hauptstrasse 47-51, 69115 Heidelberg, - - 2012
Humans, but not chimpanzees, punish unfair offers in ultimatum games, suggesting that fairness concerns evolved sometime after the split between the lineages that gave rise to Homo and Pan. However, nothing is known about fairness concerns in the other Pan species, bonobos. Furthermore, apes do not typically offer food to ...
Di Lascio Felice - - 2012
Although cooperative behaviours are common in animals, the cognitive processes underpinning such behaviours are very likely to differ between species. In humans, other-regarding preferences have been proposed to sustain long-term cooperation between individuals. The extent to which such psychological capacities exist in other animals is still under investigation. Five hand-reared ...
Zaidi Mussaret B - - 2012
Abstract We describe prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility results for thermophilic Campylobacter isolates collected from humans, food, and food-animals in an integrated food chain surveillance network in Mexico. From 2003 to 2006, stool samples were collected from children with diarrhea at state sentinel hospitals. Concurrently, fecal samples from asymptomatic children in ...
Geens Tinne - - 2012
Due to the large number of applications of bisphenol-A (BPA), the human exposure routes are multiple. We aimed to review shortly the food and non-food sources of BPA, and to evaluate their contribution to the human exposure. Food sources discussed here include epoxy resins, polycarbonate and other applications, such as ...
Bingham Jon-Paul - - 2012
"Snails can kill" is a statement that receives much disbelief. Yet the venom from Conus geographus, as delivered by a disposable hypodermic-like needle, has indeed killed many unsuspecting human victims. Our understanding of their milked venom the essence of these fatalities, is in itself non-existent. Here, we present the molecular ...
Bendig Paul - - 2012
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are environmental contaminants regularly detected in biota and food. Seafood has been identified as the major dietary source for human uptake. Fish is predominantly consumed after cooking, and this process may alter the actual human intake of contaminants. This study thus aimed to investigate the fate ...
Genty Emilie - - 2012
Rosati et al. (Curr Biol 17(19):1663-1668, 2007) found in a self-control test in which choice was between a smaller, immediately delivered food and a larger, delayed food, that chimpanzees preferred the larger reward (self-control); humans, however, preferred the smaller reward (impulsivity). They attributed their results to a species difference in ...
Castellini J Margaret - - 2012
Mercury is a global contaminant of concern for the fetus and the neonate of piscivores. Methylmercury, produced within marine ecosystems, is of particular concern as a readily absorbed neurotoxicant transported across the blood brain barrier and transplacentally. In the North Pacific Ocean, Steller sea lions are broadly distributed apex predators ...
Haahr M E ME Neurobiology Research Unit, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, 24 Juliane Maries Vej, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2012
The neurobiology underlying obesity is not fully understood. The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) is established as a satiety-generating signal, but its rewarding role in feeding is less well elucidated. From animal experiments there is now evidence that the 5-HT(4) receptor (5-HT(4)R) is involved in food intake, and that pharmacological or genetic ...
Monachese Marc - - 2012
The food and water we consume are often contaminated with a range of chemicals and heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium, arsenic, chromium, and mercury, that are associated with numerous diseases. Although heavy-metal exposure and contamination are not a recent phenomenon, the concentration of metals and the exposure to populations ...
Fueki K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Occlusal curvatures in human adult dentition such as the curve of Spee, curve of Wilson and Monsons's sphere provide clinical guidance for prosthetic rehabilitation and orthodontic treatment. However, association between occlusal curvature and masticatory function is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between ...
Wielinga Peter R - - 2012
Food Safety is at the center of One Health. Many, if not most, of all important zoonoses relate in some way to animals in the food production chain. Therefore, the food becomes an important vehicle for many, but not all, of these zoonotic pathogens. One of the major issues in ...
Feuerbacher Erica N EN Department of Psychology, University of Florida, P.O. Box 112250, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA. - - 2012
Despite the intimate relationship dogs share with humans in Western society, we know relatively little about the variables that produce and maintain dog social behavior towards humans. One possibility is that human social interaction is itself a reinforcer for dog behavior. As an initial assessment of the variables that might ...
Graillot Vanessa - - 2012
Consumers are exposed daily to several pesticide residues in food, which can be of potential concern for human health. Based on a previous study dealing with exposure of the French population to pesticide residues via the food, we selected 14 pesticides frequently found in foodstuffs, on the basis of their ...
Hinde Katie K Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, - - 2012
In the emergence of diverse animal life forms, food is the most insistent and pervasive of environmental pressures. As the life sciences begin to understand organisms in genomic detail, evolutionary perspectives provide compelling insights into the results of these dynamic interactions between food and consumer. Such an evolutionary perspective is ...
Guo Ying - - 2012
Phthalate esters are used in a wide variety of consumer products, and human exposure to this class of compounds is widespread. Nevertheless, studies on dietary exposure of humans to phthalates are limited. In this study, nine phthalate esters were analyzed in eight categories of foodstuffs (n = 78) collected from ...
- - 2012
CDC is collaborating with public health and agriculture officials in multiple states, the Public Health Agency of Canada, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate an outbreak of human Salmonella Infantis infections linked to direct or indirect contact with dry dog food. Multiple brands of dry dog food ...
Ross Corinna N - - 2012
The ability to measure and interpret variables associated with feeding behavior and food intake is essential to a variety of nonhuman primate study modalities. The development of a technique to accurately and efficiently measure food intake and meal patterning in captivity will enhance both the interpretation of foraging behavior in ...
Borresen Erica C - - 2012
Fermentation has had a long history in human food production and consumption. Fermented foods and beverages can comprise anywhere between 5-40% of the human diet in some populations. Not only is this process beneficial for extending shelf-life for foods and beverages, but also fermentation can enhance nutritional properties in a ...
Yu Hui-Lin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Arginine kinase (AK) is expressed in a wide variety of species, including human food sources (seafood) and pests (cockroaches and moths), and has been reported as a novel allergen. However, there has been little research on the allergenicity of AK in crustaceans. In this study the physicochemical properties of ...
Turner Paul C - - 2012
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites that globally contaminate an estimated 25 % of cereal crops and thus exposure is frequent in many populations. Aflatoxins, fumonisins and deoxynivalenol are amongst those mycotoxins of particular concern from a human health perspective. A number of risks to health are suggested including cancer, growth faltering, ...
Quaresma Patrícia Flávia - - 2012
Leishmania spp are distributed throughout the world and different species are associated with varying degrees of disease severity. However, leishmaniasis is thought to be confined to areas of the world where its insect vectors, sandflies, are present. Phlebotomine sandflies obtain blood meals from a variety of wild and domestic animals ...
Gómez Diego - - 2012
A number of techniques exist for microbiological sampling of food processing environments in food industries. In the present study the efficacies of nine sampling procedures for the recovery of Listeria monocytogenes from food contact surfaces, including a new sampling device consisting of a miniroller, were evaluated and compared. A stainless ...
Reslan Summar - - 2012
Behavioral economic theory is a useful framework for analyzing factors influencing choice, but the majority of human behavioral economic research has focused on drug choice. The behavioral economic choice paradigm may also be valuable for understanding food-maintained behavior. Our primary objective was two-fold: 1. Validate a human laboratory model of ...
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