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Results 301 - 350 of 785
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Vukanac I - - 2006
The surface air activity concentration of 241Pu for the period May 01-15, 1986, for a monitoring site in Vinca, Belgrade was retrospectively estimated. The results were obtained by re-measurement of plutonium fraction alpha-spectrometric sources, with 236Pu as a tracer, used almost 13 years earlier for the determination of (239,240)Pu concentration ...
Boutin Michel - - 2006
Polyurethanes are widely used in car paint formulations. During thermal degradation, such polymeric systems can generate powerful asthmatic sensitizing agents named isocyanates. In body repair shops, the thermal degradation of car paint can occur during abrasive processes that generate enough heat to involve release of isocyanates in air. An environmental ...
Bauer José Roberto de Oliveira - - 2006
This study evaluated the microhardness of Ni-Cr alloys used in fixed prosthodontics after casting under different conditions. The casting conditions were: (1-flame/air torch) flame made of a gas/oxygen mixture and centrifugal casting machine in a non-controlled casting environment; (2-induction/argon) electromagnetic induction in an environment controlled with argon; (3-induction/vacuum) electromagnetic induction ...
Begum Bilkis A - - 2006
Vehicular air pollution is common in growing metropolitan areas throughout the world. Vehicular emissions of fine particles are particularly harmful because they occur near ground level, close to where people live and work. Two-stroke engines represented an important contribution to the motor vehicle emissions where they constitute approximately half of ...
Magnant J - - 2006
A study was carried out to investigate the predictive value of 81-metastable-krypton (81mKr) distribution, high-size 99-metastable-technetium (99mTc) aerosol deposition and low-size 99mTc aerosol (Technegas) deposition on the pulmonary ventilation evaluated by 133-xenon (133Xe) lung scintigraphy, and to assess the correlation between the 81mKr distribution, the 99mTc aerosols deposition, and the ...
Jin Yinlong - - 2005
Exposure to indoor air pollution from household energy use depends on fuel, stove, housing characteristics, and stove use behavior. We monitored three important indoor air pollutants-respirable particles (RPM), carbon monoxide (CO), and sulfur dioxide (SO2)-for a total of 457 household-days in four poor provinces in China (Gansu, 129 household-days; Guizhou, ...
Cariou Stephane - - 2006
Tedlar bags, which are widely used to collect air samples, especially VOCs and odorous atmospheres, can allow humidity to diffuse when relative humidity levels differ between the inside and outside. Starting with dry air inside the bag and humid air outside, we monitored equilibrium times under several conditions showing the ...
Matloff Gregory L - - 2005
A sample-return mission to the Martian satellites using a con-temporary solar sail for all post-Earth-escape propulsion is proposed. The 0.015 kg/m(2) areal mass-thickness sail unfurls after launch and injection onto a Mars-bound Hohmann-transfer ellipse. Structure and payload increase spacecraft areal mass thickness to 0.028 kg/m(2). During the Mars encounter, the ...
Fournel L - - 2005
Adsorption isotherms of some volatile organic compounds (VOCs), present in air at concentrations ranging from 10 to 2500 mg m(-3), were performed onto activated carbon fiber cloth and felt. The VOCs loading air were isopropanol, toluene, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate and dichloromethane. Isotherm adsorption data were generated. These ...
Tasdemir Yücel - - 2005
The concentrations of criteria air pollutants such as CO, NOx (NO + NO2), SO2 and PM were measured in the period of May 2001 and April 2003 in the city of Bursa, Turkey. The average concentrations for this period were 1115 +/- 1600 microg/m3, 29 +/- 50 microg/m3, 51 +/- ...
Santos J?lio C - - 2005
The operational conditions for xylitol production by fermentation of sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate in a fluidized bed reactor with cells immobilized on zeolite were evaluated. Fermentations were carried out under different conditions of air flowrate (0.0125-0.0375 vvm), zeolite mass (100-200 g), initial pH (4-6), and xylose concentration (40-60 g/L), according to ...
Chukova Oksana - - 2005
The work deals with the problem of determination of automobile petrol of various octane numbers and petroleum contamination of some objects on the basis of analysis of photoluminescence spectra of automobile petrol samples. For this purpose steady state luminescence properties of samples of automobile petrol of different types being in ...
Shirodkar P V - - 2006
The behaviors of chlorine isotopes in relation to air-sea flux variables have been investigated through multivariate statistical analyses (MSA). The MSA technique provides an approach to reduce the data set and was applied to a set of 7 air-sea flux variables to supplement and describe the variation in chlorine isotopic ...
Rainham Daniel G C - - 2005
To assess whether meteorological conditions modify the relationship between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality, an examination of air pollution and human mortality associations (ecologic) using hybrid spatial synoptic classification procedures was conducted. Concentrations of air pollutants and human mortality from all non-accidental and cardiorespiratory causes were examined ...
Kidmose Ulla - - 2005
The content of individual chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments is determined in three spinach varieties (Lorelei, Springfield, and Ballet) after processing. Raw spinach and spinach that is steam-blanched for 3, 9, or 15 min is stored frozen at -24 degrees C for 6 months. In addition, spinach is air-dried at 75 ...
Eeva T - - 2005
Insectivorous birds living in polluted areas are not only exposed to pollutants but they may also be affected by changes in their invertebrate food. The populations of many invertebrate species are affected by environmental pollution and such changes may lead to differences in the diet of insectivorous birds. We examined ...
Wang Wan - - 2006
The phase-out of leaded petrol has been a measure widely used to reduce atmospheric lead pollution. Since the 1980s, China began to promote unleaded petrol. In order to assess the effectiveness of the measure an isotope fingerprint technique was applied for aerosol samples in the city of Tianjin. After dilute ...
Hao Jiming - - 2005
China is undergoing rapid urbanization because of unprecedented economic growth. As a result, many cities suffer from air pollution. Two-thirds of China's cities have not attained the ambient air quality standards applicable to urban residential areas (Grade II). Particulate matter (PM), rather than sulfur dioxide (SO2), is the major pollutant ...
Zahir Farhana - - 2005
Post Minamata incident there has been awareness about mercury toxicity even among the general public. Previous researches contributed a vast amount of data regarding acute mercury exposure, but gradually information about the low dose [Ninomiya, T., Ohmori, H., Hashimoto, K., Tsuruta, K., Ekino, S., 1995. Expansion of methylmercury poisoning outside ...
Davidsson A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Airway condition is presumably reflected in epithelial lining fluid (ELF). Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) has been used as a surrogate marker of the composition of ELF. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at assessing the technical repeatability of chlorine measurements in EBC and comparing two separate condensators (Ecoscreen and R Tube ...
Mayilyan Karine R - - 2006
In order to study aspects of the stoichiometry and composition of human MBL-MASP complexes in the population, MBL-MASP complexes were bound from sera of 152 healthy individuals onto mannan-coated microtitre plates. Bound mannan-binding lectin (MBL) was measured by ELISA, and the enzyme activities of MBL-bound MASP-1 and MASP-2 were measured ...
Miller Mark A - - 2005
Marine sunphotometer measurements collected aboard the R/V Ronald H. Brown during the Aerosol Characterization Experiment-Asia (ACE-Asia) are used to evaluate the ability of complementary instrumentation to obtain the best possible estimates of aerosol optical thickness and Angstrom exponent from ships at sea. A wide range of aerosol conditions, including clean ...
Triantafyllou V I - - 2005
The suitability of recycled paperboard packaging materials for direct food contact applications is a major area of investigation. Chemical contaminants (surrogates) partitioning between recycled paper packaging and foods may affect the safety and health of the consumer. The partition behavior of all possible organic compounds between cardboards and individual foodstuffs ...
Jaimes-López J Luis - - 2005
Leakages of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are suspected to contribute greatly to ozone (O3) formation in Mexico City. We tested such a hypothesis by outdoor captive-air irradiation (CAI) experiments in the two largest Mexican metropolitan areas: Guadalajara (GMA) in 1997 and Mexico City (MCMA) in 2000. O3 was monitored in ...
Clark Jordan F - - 2005
A dual gas tracer experiment using sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and an isotope of helium (3He) and measurements of dissolved noble gases was performed at the El Rio spreading grounds to examine gas transport and trapped air below an artificial recharge pond with a very high recharge rate (approximately 4 m ...
Cheng Yung Sung YS Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest, SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA. - - 2005
Red tides in the Gulf of Mexico are formed by blooms of the dinoflagellate Karenia brevis, which produces brevetoxins (PbTx). Brevetoxins can be transferred from water to air in the wind-powered whitecapped waves during red tide episodes. Inhalation exposure to marine aerosol containing PbTx causes respiratory problems. A liquid chromatograph/ ...
Chou Ming-Shean - - 2005
An activated sludge aeration tank (40 x 40 x 300 cm, width x length x height) with a set of 2-mm orifice air spargers was used to treat gas-borne volatile organic compounds (VOCs; toluene, p-xylene, and dichloromethane) in air streams. The effects of liquid depth (Z), aeration intensity (G/A), the ...
Johnson Karen L - - 2005
In the UK, the Environmental Quality Standard for manganese has recently been lowered to 30 microg/L (annual average), which is less than the UK Drinking Water Inspectorate's Maximum Permitted Concentration Value (50 microg/L). Current passive treatment systems for manganese removal operate as open-air gravel-bed filters, designed to maximize either influent ...
Latha K Madhavi - - 2005
Atmospheric aerosols are an important contributing factor to turbidity in urban areas besides having impact on health. Aerosol characteristics show a high degree of variability in space and time as nthropogenic share of total aerosol loading is quite substantial and is essential to monitor the aerosol features over long time ...
Rosner Martin - - 2005
The isotopic analysis of boron from material that carries only trace amounts of boron requires low boron blank levels. Large efforts are taken to keep blank levels low by purifying reagents. We performed exposure experiments and determined procedure blanks before and after the air-handling system was modified from silicate glass ...
Naftali Sara - - 2005
The nose is the front line defender of the respiratory system. Unsteady simulations in three-dimensional models have been developed to study transport patterns in the human nose and its overall air-conditioning capacity. The results suggested that the healthy nose can efficiently provide about 90% of the heat and the water ...
Shahgedanova Maria - - 2005
Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol optical depth (AOD) are examined using observations of direct solar radiation in the Eurasian Arctic for 1940-1990. AOD is estimated using empirical methods for 14 stations located between 66.2 degrees N and 80.6 degrees N, from the Kara Sea to the Chukchi Sea. While ...
Sezer Turalio─člu F - - 2005
The air pollution is the one of the most important environmental problems in Erzurum, situated in the eastern of Turkey, during winter periods. The unfavorable climate as well as the city's topography, and inappropriate urbanization cause serious air pollution problems. The air pollutant concentrations in a city have a close ...
Weisel Clifford P - - 2005
The Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA) Study was undertaken to evaluate the contribution of outdoor sources of air toxics, as defined in the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, to indoor concentrations and personal exposures. The concentrations of 18 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), 17 carbonyl compounds, and fine ...
Lee Ching C - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the PCDD/Fs patterns in ambient air based on data information emitted from incinerator generated from ambient air measurements and those in serum. Four circular zones, namely A, B, C, and D, were identified based on simulated ambient annual average PCDD/Fs concentrations, from ...
Chiu Kong-Hwa - - 2005
This study examined volatile organic compounds (VOC) concentration in ambient air collected during the years 2000--2003 at several different locations of Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park (HSIP) in Taiwan. A canister automated GC-MS system analyzed the volatile organics in ambient air grasp samples according to T0-15 method. Oxygenated volatiles were the ...
Cross M A - - 2005
In an earlier study it was shown that Cryptocotyle lingua cercariae, matured in Littorina littorea from a polluted marine lagoon, displayed slower horizontal swimming rates, and reduced longevity compared to cercariae released by periwinkles from a cleaner environment. This work investigated whether the pollution-induced reduction in swimming rates was due ...
Musil Charles F - - 2005
Here we examine the response of succulents in a global biodiversity hot spot to experimental warming consistent with a future African climate scenario. Passive daytime warming (averaging 5.5 degrees C above ambient) of the natural vegetation was achieved with 18 transparent hexagonal open-top chamber arrays randomized in three different quartz-field ...
Mui K W - - 2005
In this study, the potential exposure of bus commuters to significant air parameters (CO(2), CO and RSP) and thermal environment (air temperature and relative humidity) when buses traveled through tunnels in Hong Kong was investigated. It was found that air-conditioned buses provided a better commuting environment than non-air-conditioned buses. The ...
Isbell Maggie A - - 2005
Benzene and toluene mixing ratios were measured in the indoor air of two subarctic homes during summer and winter. Benzene in the living area of these homes ranged from 1 to 25 ppbv and toluene ranged from 1 to 104 ppbv. Source strength estimate calculations supported the hypothesis that gasoline ...
Sances Anthony A - - 2005
A better understanding of occupant kinematics in rollover accidents helps to advance biomechanical knowledge and to enhance the safety features of motor vehicles. While many rollover accident simulation studies have adopted the static approach to delineate the occupant kinematics in rollover accidents, very few studies have attempted the dynamic approach. ...
Lone P M - - 2005
In the present study the dust pollution caused by vehicles in Aligarh city was estimated. Four major national roads viz. Anoopshahar road, Delhi road, Agra road and Kanpur road of Aligarh city were selected. The dust pollution was maximum on Kanpur road (46.44 gm/m2/ month) followed by Agra road (38.94 ...
Tanaka-Kagawa Toshiko - - 2005
Indoor air quality is currently a growing concern, mainly due to the incidence of sick building syndrome and building related illness. To better understand indoor air quality in Japan, both indoor and outdoor air samples were collected from 50 residences in Iwate, Yamanashi, Shiga, Hyogo, Kochi and Fukuoka Prefectures. More ...
Meng Qing Yu - - 2005
The Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA) study was designed to investigate residential indoor, outdoor and personal exposures to several classes of air pollutants, including volatile organic compounds, carbonyls and fine particles (PM2.5). Samples were collected from summer, 1999 to spring, 2001 in Houston (TX), Los Angeles (CA) ...
Zhu S - - 2005
Co-combustion of poultry wastes with natural gas in an advanced Swirling Fluidized Bed Combustor (SFBC) has been carried out to investigate the performance of poultry wastes combustion. Wastes burnt were poultry litter, poultry manure and sawdust. This paper presents the effect of three different wastes, excess air ratio, and secondary/total ...
Pupek M - - 2005
It is argued that isotope analysis of atmospheric non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and, in particular, the analysis of the deuterium/hydrogen (D/H) ratio is valuable because the dominant self-cleansing property of the troposphere is based on the OH radical which removes, e.g., CH4 and other alkanes by H-atom abstraction, which induces large ...
Porstendörfer J - - 2005
The fraction of the positively charged unattached radon decay products, 218Po and 214Pb in indoor air was determined by model calculations. The results of the calculations were confirmed by measurements in a test chamber (volume: 8 m3). The fraction of both radionuclides depends on the attachment parameter (S(1)) and the ...
Wittmaack K - - 2005
A novel method for preparing reference material of aerosol particulate matter (PM) on filters was developed by using the concept of very high volume, multiport sampling, and this was subsequently applied to produce more than 300 well-characterised units. The dedicated sampler built for this purpose features a 0.94-m-diameter, vacuum-tight main ...
Gilbert Nicolas L - - 2005
This study was undertaken to determine the concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein in air samples taken in some Canadian houses and to determine the association between aldehyde levels and housing characteristics. Concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein were measured in 59 homes in Prince Edward Island, Canada, during the ...
Stridsklev Inger Cecilie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the exposure to chromium (Cr) and nickel (Ni) in flux-cored wire (FCW) welders welding on stainless steel (SS). METHOD/DESIGN: Seven FCW welders were monitored for 3 days to 1 workweek, measuring Cr and Ni in air, blood, and urine. The welders were questioned ...
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