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Results 201 - 250 of 787
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Peräjärvi K - - 2008
In the aftermath of a nuclear accident or malevolent act, it is of paramount importance to have the capability to monitor airborne radioactive substances by collecting air samples. For potentially dangerous missions, the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority of Finland (STUK) has developed an air sampler to be used on ...
Leadon Des - - 2008
Enormous numbers of horses are transported locally, nationally and internationally every year. National legislation and international guidelines set standards for the health and welfare of animals during transport. As a consequence, equine clinicians have major responsibilities in safeguarding the horse industry against the spread of disease and in being aware ...
Wilson Nick - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The advertising of vehicles has been studied from a safety perspective but not in terms of vehicle air pollutants. We aimed to examine the content and trends of greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution-related information, in light passenger vehicle advertisements. METHODS: Content analysis of the two most popular current ...
Gallego E - - 2008
Five aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene, and three isomeric xylenes) were monitored in indoor and outdoor air of 7 public buildings and 54 private homes, located in Barcelona City metropolitan area and in several rural areas of Catalonia. The sampling was carried out over four periods: spring-summer and winter of 2000, ...
Conrad Caleb M - - 2008
We considered small-scale measurement of permeability in pebbly sands having coarser grains supported in a finer grained matrix (fine packing). Our central question was whether air-based measurements are representative if made with a permeameter tip seal pressed in the sand matrix. We created pebbly sands and variably sorted sands, with ...
Hu Zhiyong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Relatively few studies have examined the association between air pollution and stroke mortality. Inconsistent and inclusive results from existing studies on air pollution and stroke justify the need to continue to investigate the linkage between stroke and air pollution. No studies have been done to investigate the association between ...
Gromaire M C - - 2008
Settling velocities of TSS and of particulate pollutants (COP, PDCO, PTKN, PCu, PPb, PZn, PPAH) measured on a wide range of wet weather flow (WWF) samples collected at different levels of the Parisian combined sewer system are reported. The recorded V30 (0.01 to 0.1 mm s(-1)) and V50 (0.09 to ...
Myatt Theodore A - - 2008
Reducing exposure to environmental agents indoors shown to increase asthma symptoms or lead to asthma exacerbations is an important component of a strategy to manage asthma for individuals. Numerous investigations have demonstrated that portable air cleaning devices can reduce concentrations of asthma triggers in indoor air; however, their benefits for ...
Saleh Rawad - - 2008
The effect of hose permeability on toxicant yields for the narghile waterpipe is investigated, with special reference to the recent adoption of plastic as a hose construction material. Measurements of air infiltration rates for 23 leather and plastic hoses representing 11 types commonly available in Beirut, Lebanon were made, revealing ...
Williams Victoria - - 2007
Aviation is a growing contributor to climate change, with unique impacts due to the altitude of emissions. If existing traffic growth rates continue, radical engineering solutions will be required to prevent aviation becoming one of the dominant contributors to climate change. This paper reviews the engineering options for mitigating the ...
Akpinar S - - 2008
In recent years, due to the rapid increase in population density, building density and energy consumption, the outdoor air quality has deteriorated in the crowded urban areas of Turkey. Elaziğ city, which is located in the east Anatolia region of Turkey, is also influenced by air pollutants. In the present ...
Marinoni A - - 2008
Particle size distribution in the range 0.3<D(p)<or=20 microm, has been analysed from August 2002 to July 2006 at the GAW Station of Mt. Cimone (44.10 N, 10.42 E; 2165 m asl) in the northern Italian Apennines. The seasonal aerosol number size distribution, characterized by a bimodal shape, showed a behaviour ...
George K V - - 2008
In this study a new methodology is suggested to approximate the impact area downwind of an air pollution source, where air quality monitoring can be carried out to capture the maximum pollutant concentration. Hourly wind speed for a given month is grouped in to different wind speed ranges and the ...
Meanwell Richard J L - - 2008
Streptomyces griseus was cultured in three different bioreactors in a medium containing chitin flakes. When a conventional bioreactor stirred by two sets of Rushton impellers and operated at high speed was used, the yield of streptomycin (3.1mg/l) was the highest observed and occurred at approximately 500 h. Cultivation of S. ...
Contardo-Jara Valeska - - 2008
The renaturation success of an urban stream, formally used for discharge of treated sewage waters was investigated by active biomonitoring with Dreissena polymorpha based on molecular biomarkers and compared to a semi-natural stream and laboratory controls. Response to pollution charges were analyzed by reverse transcriptase-PCR of heat-shock protein (hsp70), P-glycoprotein ...
Lu Wei-Zhen - - 2008
As the addressing of high demand of good air quality in urban area, a study on air pollutant dispersion and distribution resulting from vehicular exhaust emission is strongly required. In particular, vehicular exhaust emission has become a major air pollution source in metropolitan city like Hong Kong, which is characterized ...
Veronese I - - 2008
A vaulted basement found at the rabbi's residential house which was oriented according to the requirements of a mikveh has created a controversy in the architectural history of the Ichenhausen Synagogue (Germany). The rabbi's residential house is known to have been built in 1781 during the replacement of the old ...
Chang Wen-Ruey - - 2008
Although friction variation is speculated to be a significant contributor to slip and fall incidents, it has not been related to a measurement of slipperiness in the literature. This field study investigated the relationship among multiple friction variations, friction levels and the perception ratings of slipperiness in six major working ...
Farley, Sean D.
Brown bears (Ursus arctos) are frequently observed on Elmendorf Air Force Base and the contiguous US Army's Fort Richardson military lands in Alaska. Effective bear management in this human-influenced area requires data on bear habitat use and numbers. We conducted a brown bear habitat and diet study on the military ...
Kim Wonnyon - - 2008
A suite of rock magnetic experiments and intensive microscopic observations were carried out on Asian dust deposits in Seoul, Korea, collected on 19 and 23 March 2002, 9 April 2002 and 12 April 2003. Desert-sand and loess from the dust source regions in China were also analyzed as a comparison. ...
Pal Raktim - - 2008
The concentrations of 12 carbonyls in ambient air were measured from multiple locations of an urban area in the surroundings of a large industrial complex (August 2004 to September 2005). According to our field study, acetaldehyde (19.5+/-10.6 ppb) and formaldehyde (19.3+/-10.1 ppb) were found to be the two most abundant ...
Saunders James E - - 2007
Dubai Creek is a tidal marine intrusion bisecting Dubai within the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The creek extends 14km inland from its opening into the Arabian Gulf, with a narrow lower creek channel leading to a lagoon section in the upper creek. The creek contains numerous sources of organic pollution ...
Sarkissian Garry - - 2007
Automobile tire marks can routinely be found at the scenes of crime, particularly hit-and-run accidents and are left on road surfaces because of sudden braking or the wheels spinning. The tire marks are left due to the friction between the tire rubber and the solid road surface, and do not ...
Weschler Charles J - - 2007
We have used multiple analytical methods to characterize the gas-phase products formed when ozone was added to cabin air during simulated 4-hour flights that were conducted in a reconstructed section of a B-767 aircraft containing human occupants. Two separate groups of 16 females were each exposed to four conditions: low ...
Rachford Frederic J - - 2007
We perform extensive finite difference time domain simulations of ferrite based negative index of refraction composites. A wire grid is employed to provide negative permittivity. The ferrite and wire grid interact to provide both negative and positive index of refraction transmission peaks in the vicinity of the ferrite resonance. Notwithstanding ...
Liu Ying - - 2007
The membraneless biofuel cell (BFC) is facile prepared based on glucose oxidase and laccase as anodic and cathodic catalyst, respectively, by using 1,1'-dicarboxyferrocene as the mediators of both anode and cathode. The BFC can work by taking glucose as fuel in air-saturated solution, in which air serves as the oxidizer ...
Kelly Barry C - - 2007
Substances that accumulate to hazardous levels in living organisms pose environmental and human-health risks, which governments seek to reduce or eliminate. Regulatory authorities identify bioaccumulative substances as hydrophobic, fat-soluble chemicals having high octanol-water partition coefficients (K(OW))(>/=100,000). Here we show that poorly metabolizable, moderately hydrophobic substances with a K(OW) between 100 ...
Tucker Samuel P - - 2007
This project has arisen from the need to produce GFFs (glass fiber filters) bearing a thin and evenly distributed coating of a selected reagent in the equatorial plane for breakthrough studies. However, it has been discovered that today's two general techniques for coating GFFs (total immersion and application of reagent ...
Aikawa Masahide - - 2008
Data on wind speed and wind direction from 27 air pollution monitoring stations in an urban area of Japan were analyzed and studied for the future assessment of the urban heat island phenomenon. A cluster analysis clarified the regionality of the wind speed and wind direction. In the study area, ...
Wan Liang - - 2007
This paper proposes a novel six-face spherical map, isocube, that fully utilizes the cubemap hardware built in most GPUs. Unlike the cubemap, the proposed isocube uniformly samples the unit sphere (uniformly distributed), and all samples span the same solid angle (equally important). Its mapping computation contains only a small overhead. ...
Gouin T - - 2007
Passive air samples (PAS) were collected and analyzed to assess the spatial and temporal trends of chiral organochlorine signatures in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Samples were collected from 15 sites and analyzed for the concentrations and enantiomer signature of chlordanes and alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane (alpha-HCH). Levels of the chlordanes were typically 4 ...
Zhang Gan - - 2007
The South China Sea (SCS) is surrounded by developing countries in Southeast Asia, where persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), are still used legally or illegally, and are of concern. Yet little is known about the distribution of OCPs in the water and atmosphere over SCS, as ...
Lau Anthony - - 2007
The poultry and waterfowl industry in the Fraser Valley of British Columbia needs to deal with odor emission problems. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of a pilot-scale biofiltration system for treating odors from the exhaust air streams of a commercial duck farm building before their ...
Hauman Catharina H J - - 2007
The aim of this study was to confirm that Smartprep burs do not cut non-carious, healthy dentine. Twenty non-carious extracted molars were trimmed with a diamond bur to remove enamel and to create a flat dentine surface. A new Smartprep bur (RA # 4) was applied to each tooth for ...
Reidenberg Joy S - - 2007
Cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) have developed extensive protective barriers to exclude water or food from the respiratory tract, including valvular nostrils, an intranarial elongated larynx, and a sphincteric soft palate. A barrier breach can be lethal, as asphyxiation may occur from incursions of water (drowning) or food (choking). Humpback ...
Jahnke Annika - - 2007
Neutral, volatile polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) were determined in high-volume air samples collected onboard the German research vessel Polarstern during cruise ANTXXIII-1 between Bremerhaven, Germany (53 degrees N) and Capetown, Republic of South Africa (33 degrees S) in fall 2005. An optimized and validated analytical protocol was used for the ...
Lee Sum Chi - - 2007
Air concentrations of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) were measured as part of the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) study to assess their spatial distribution on a worldwide basis for the first sampling period between December 2004 and March 2005. Results from more than 40 sites on seven continents show that PCNs ...
Coates Matthew S - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of mouthpiece geometry on the amount of throat deposition and device retention produced using a dry powder inhaler (Aerolizer), along with the subsequent effect on the overall inhaler performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computational Fluid Dynamics analysis of the flowfield generated in the Aerolizer with various ...
Zheng Baoshan - - 2007
In this study, investigations into endemic fluorosis were conducted and fluorine concentration in environmental samples determined. In an indoor coal-combustion-type fluorosis area, local clay was used to mix with coal for indoor combustion. There are two key steps in the procedure of the indoor transition of fluorine: indoor wet corns ...
Harada K - - 2007
A housewife in her late thirties, mother of two children, had an indefinite complaint about the indoor air quality of her house. Inspectors from a public health center treating the housewife's complaint quantified formaldehyde (FA) in high concentration exceeding Japanese national guideline of FA in some rooms of the house. ...
Wilkins K - - 2007
As indoor air quality complaints cannot be explained satisfactorily and building materials can be a major source of indoor air pollution, we hypothesized that emissions from building materials perceived as unfamiliar or annoying odors may contribute to such complaints. To test this hypothesis, emissions from indoor building materials containing linseed ...
Jarosz Ewa - - 2007
As a result of increasing frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones, an accurate forecasting of cyclone evolution and ocean response is becoming even more important to reduce threats to lives and property in coastal regions. To improve predictions, accurate evaluation of the air-sea momentum exchange is required. Using current observations ...
Zhang Renyi - - 2007
Indirect radiative forcing of atmospheric aerosols by modification of cloud processes poses the largest uncertainty in climate prediction. We show here a trend of increasing deep convective clouds over the Pacific Ocean in winter from long-term satellite cloud measurements (1984-2005). Simulations with a cloud-resolving weather research and forecast model reveal ...
Ingram Richard G S - - 2007
The application of geochemical tracers in groundwater studies can provide valuable insights into the rates and sources of groundwater recharge, residence times, and flow dynamics that are of significant value in the management of this important natural resource. This paper demonstrates the application of noble gas excess air to distinguish ...
van den Velde Sandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Halitosis can have an intra- or extra-oral origin. In all cases, bad breath is caused by the presence of volatile organic compounds originating from the mouth or the expired air. They can be specific for certain diseases or infections. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study explored the presence and concentration of ...
Rosenfeld Daniel - - 2007
Particulate air pollution has been suggested as the cause of the recently observed decreasing trends of 10 to 25% in the ratio between hilly and upwind lowland precipitation, downwind of urban and industrial areas. We quantified the dependence of this ratio of the orographic-precipitation enhancement factor on the amounts of ...
Seedorf J - - 2007
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Bedding material in stables has an important influence on air hygiene and information on the suitability of biocompost and wood shavings is incomplete. OBJECTIVES: To compare the suitability and benefit of biocompost and wood shavings as bedding in horse stables and to determine key air factors ...
Gorny Matthias - - 2007
Salbutamol sulfate is often micronized for use in dry powder inhalers. Therefore, it is of high interest to quantify the amorphous amount. It was investigated whether moisture sorption is able to measure the amorphous content of salbutamol sulfate. Different mixtures of amorphous and crystalline salbutamol sulfate were analyzed by moisture ...
Pradhan Abani K - - 2007
The increasing demand of ready-to-eat poultry products has led to serious concerns over product safety, and more emphasis has been placed on thorough cooking of products. In this study, processing conditions and thermal inactivation of Listeria innocua in chicken breast meats were evaluated during convection cooking in a pilot-plant scale ...
Shusterman D - - 2007
Trigeminal (ocular and nasal) irritation comprises the dominant symptom complex in so-called "problem buildings". Imputed etiologic agents in indoor air include extremes of temperature and humidity, the presence of volatile organic compounds, combustion products (including tobacco smoke), ozone (from office machines), and products of indoor air chemistry. In addition to ...
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