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Toms Leisa-Maree L - - 2009
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are compounds that are used as flame retardants. Human exposure is suggested to be via food, dust and air. An assessment of PBDE exposure via indoor environments using samples of air, dust and surface wipes from eight sites in South East Queensland, Australia was conducted. For ...
Bejarano Ignacio F - - 2009
The height records of 48,589 conscripts born in Jujuy between 1870 and 1960 were examined in order to study the variation in adult male height (AMH) in terms of geographical altitude and surnames. Data were clustered by origin of surnames (divided into native and foreign names), decades, and according to ...
Siddiqui A R - - 2009
In developing countries biomass combustion is a frequently used source of domestic energy and may cause indoor air pollution. Carbon monoxide (CO)and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 lm or less (PM2.5)were measured in kitchens using wood or natural gas (NG) in a semi-rural community in Pakistan. Daytime ...
Kohno Yoshiumi - - 2009
A sensitive and simple color sensor for indole vapors has been developed based on the Ehrlich-type reaction in solid polymer film. Upon 60-min exposure of the film sensor to the air containing 5 - 100 ppb of indole vapors, pink or magenta color could be recognized by the naked eyes. ...
Morris John Bradley - - 2009
The hyacinth bean, Lablab purpureus, is used throughout Asia and Africa for human food and medicine with potential to be a source of nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals. Hyacinth bean accessions were grown in Griffin, Georgia, from 2002 to 2004 and characterized for agronomic traits including branching, foliage, plant size, days to ...
Szantoi Zoltan - - 2009
Cutleaf coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata L.) seedlings were placed into open-top chambers in May, 2004 and fumigated for 12 wks. Nine chambers were fumigated with either carbon-filtered air (CF), non-filtered air (NF) or twice-ambient (2x) ozone (O(3)). Ethylenediurea (EDU) was applied as a foliar spray weekly at 0 (control), 200, 400 ...
Rage E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Effects of air pollution exposure on IgE-mediated response in asthmatics are poorly investigated. The aim was to examine the relationship between air pollution concentrations and total IgE levels in adult asthmatics. METHODS: The present study relates to the 369 asthmatic adults from the French Epidemiological study on Genetics and ...
Chen Chun - - 2008
During development of figs on Ficus hispida, only the female floral stage is receptive to its pollinator Ceratosolen solmsi marchali. After this stage, the quantity of fig odor decreases. The effects of F. hispida volatiles from receptive figs (figs at the female floral stage, when they are pollinated) and interfloral ...
Jin Yaomin - - 2009
This work is the first extensive study on the removal of carbon monoxide from polluted air in biofilters. It compares the performance of two packing materials, namely lava rock alone and a mixture of peat and lava rock. The results show that the biofilter packed with the mixture of peat ...
Tang Chuan-Ho - - 2009
Acute toxic responses as well as uptake and depuration rates for tributyltin (TBT) and dibutyltin (DBT) were examined in the small planktonic shrimp, Acetes intermedius. The 72-h LC(50) values of TBT and DBT for the shrimp were found to be 18.6 and 82.6 microg L(-1) as tin. The uptake rate ...
Macintosh David L - - 2008
A novel method for determining whole house particle removal and clean air delivery rates attributable to central and portable ventilation/air cleaning systems is described. The method is used to characterize total and air-cleaner-specific particle removal rates during operation of four in-duct air cleaners and two portable air-cleaning devices in a ...
Hansen D - - 2008
Demolition or renovation works adjacent to hospitals pose risks of fungal airborne infections. During November 2005 and March 2006 an old building with three floors was demolished on the area of University Hospital of Essen. To prevent dust exposure the building was sealed up by impermeable plastic foil and mechanical ...
Hua Lijuan - - 2009
Water-soluble CdTe quantum dots (QDs) with five sizes (2.25, 2.50, 2.77, 3.12, and 3.26nm) were synthesized with the hydrothermal method. The electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of CdTe QDs was investigated in detail in air-saturated solution without adding foreign oxidant. It was found that the ECL of CdTe QDs displayed a size-dependent property. ...
Yoccoz Nigel G - - 2009
The potential effects of organochlorines (OCs) and brominated flame retardants on reproduction and survival were studied in tawny owls (Strix aluco) in Central Norway over a period of 19 years (1986-2004). Concentrations of 14 OCs and five polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in eggs (n=104), and Principal Component Analysis ...
Povinec P P - - 2009
Radiocarbon variations in the atmospheric CO(2) with attenuating amplitudes and decreasing mean values with typical maxima in summer and minima in winter have been observed since 1967 in two localities of Slovakia, in Bratislava and Zlkovce, situated about 60 km NE from Bratislava, only 5 km from the Bohunice Nuclear ...
Oliveira E G - - 2009
Spirulina is the most extensively used microalgae for animal and human nutrition mostly because of its high protein content, 60-65% on a dry weight basis. The drying is the most expensive operation. The aim of the study was to characterize drying of Spirulina platensis in thin layer. A Statistical model ...
Dong Liang - - 2008
Suspended-core fibers are systematically studied. We show that confinement loss in suspended-core fibers can be effectively reduced by an increase of air-cladding width for even sub-micron core diameters and, therefore, provides a considerable simpler solution than equivalent photonic crystal fibers with a large number of air holes for a wide ...
Padmanaban Jeya - - 2008
This study investigated 478 police accident reports from 9 states to examine and characterize rollover crashes involving ESC-equipped vehicles. The focus was on the sequence of critical events leading to loss of control and rollover, and the interactions between the accident, driver, and environment. Results show that, while ESC is ...
Liu Junhan - - 2008
Indoor air pollutants were monitored in 138 households in urban Xi'an that were recently decorated, and the concentrations of formaldehyde, total volatile organic compounds (TVOC), amines, benzene, methylbenzol, xylene, and radon were monitored in the bedrooms, sitting rooms, dinning rooms, kitchens, bathrooms, and studies of the houses. The most seriously ...
Zhao J - - 2008
Fatalities associated with entry into on-farm confined-space manure storage tanks occur each year The fatalities are due to asphyxiation or poisoning by exposure to high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, methane, and carbon dioxide. Forced ventilation has been shown to be an effective way to reduce concentrations of these noxious gases ...
Xie Chenbo - - 2008
Aerosol optical properties were continuously measured with the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) compact Raman lidar over Beijing, China, from 15 to 31 December 2007. The results indicated that in a moderate pollution episode, the averaged aerosol extinction below 1 km height was 0.39+/-0.15 km(-1) and the lidar ratio ...
Fang J K H - - 2008
Lysosomal integrity in mussels has been applied as a biomarker to detect the pollution of trace organics and metals in the natural environments. However, few studies have examined the effects of water quality on the response of lysosomal integrity, in particular total ammonia-nitrogen (TAN) and dissolved oxygen (DO). This study ...
Urteaga Raúl - - 2008
An experimental study of the extinction threshold of single bubble sonoluminescence in an air-water system is presented. Different runs from 5% to 100% of air concentrations were performed at room pressure and temperature. The intensity of sonoluminescence (SL) and time of collapse (t(c)) with respect to the driving were measured ...
Guo X J - - 2009
Based on biomass micron fuel (BMF) with particle size of less than 250 microm, a cyclone gasifier concept has been considered in our laboratory for biomass gasification. The concept combines and integrates partial oxidation, fast pyrolysis, gasification, and tar cracking, as well as a shift reaction, with the purpose of ...
Shen Yuyi - - 2008
Nearly monodispersed populations of microbubbles were produced using flow focusing with a food grade emulsifier. The microbubbles produced by this technique have diameters in the range of 120-200 microm. The flow focusing device uses metered streams of air and liquid to produce a jet that periodically pinches to make individual ...
Mullane N - - 2008
The microbial contamination of air filters and possible links to contaminated product in a powdered milk protein-processing facility were investigated. Over a 10-month period, seven air filters, the environment, and powdered product were analyzed for the presence of Cronobacter spp. The effects of air filter installation, maintenance, and subsequent dissemination ...
Huang Chia-Chi - - 2008
In this article, we report a simple approach for the selective sensing of homocysteine thiolactone (HTL) using fluorosurfactant (FSN)-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as aminothiol removers and as sensors. We have shown that HTL did not bind to the surface of the FSN-AuNPs in the pH range of 4.0-10.0. In contrast, ...
Waller John C - - 2008
In 1518, one of the strangest epidemics in recorded history struck the city of Strasbourg. Hundreds of people were seized by an irresistible urge to dance, hop and leap into the air. In houses, halls and public spaces, as fear paralyzed the city and the members of the elite despaired, ...
Caro J - - 2008
The exposure of workers and swimmers at an indoor swimming pool to trihalomethanes (THMs) as a consequence of water chlorination was evaluated by analyzing alveolar air and urine samples. Environmental monitoring of THMs in water and ambient air was also performed in order to assess the possible correlation between environmental ...
Janssen Larry - - 2008
This study evaluated the workplace performance of a hood-style supplied-air respirator during aircraft sanding operations. Air samples were collected inside and outside the respirators worn by workers during normal work activities. The samples were analyzed for chromium, strontium, and magnesium. These contaminants were not detected on any inside sample from ...
van Dijk Johannes P - - 2008
Small surface motor unit potentials (S-MUPs) may have a negative influence on the variability of the motor unit number estimate (MUNE). According to published consensus criteria S-MUPs with a negative peak amplitude smaller than 10 muV should be omitted. The effect of omitting small S-MUPs on the MUNE was evaluated ...
Bitsch Rudi G - - 2008
We previously reported wear data at a minimum of two years following thirty-four total hip replacements with a Marathon cross-linked polyethylene liner and twenty-four replacements with a conventional (gamma-sterilized-in-air) Enduron polyethylene liner. In this current study, with sequential five-year radiographs, wear rates were determined with use of linear regression analysis. ...
Kimpara Tomoya - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The metabolism of beta-1,3 : 1,4-glucan regulates the mechanical properties of cell walls, and thereby changes the elongation growth of Poaceae plants. A previous study has shown that elongation growth of rice coleoptiles under water is enhanced by increased activity of beta-1,3 : 1,4-glucan hydrolases; however, the ...
Murbach Dana M - - 2008
The exposure of shipyard workers to asbestos has been frequently investigated during the installation, repair or removal of asbestos insulation. The same level of attention, however, has not been directed to asbestos exposure of maritime seamen or sailors. In this paper, we assemble and analyze historical industrial hygiene (IH) data ...
Jimenez Carlos R - - 2008
The paper reports the analysis of the results of an acoustic survey carried out on several Catholic Churches in the city of Ayacucho, a southern city in the Peruvian Andes, built during the colonial era through centuries XVI to XVIII. The study is performed taking into account both room-average values ...
Dance Stephen - - 2008
With the Mayor of London's office decision to allow planning permission only if 10% of the building's energy consumption is from renewable sources, wind turbines are starting to be erected on rooftops of residential blocks. A Proven 6 kW, 6m horizontal axis turbine was positioned on an 11 story 1960s ...
Roussel Sandrine - - 2008
Dwellings showing a presence of moulds are considered to be unhealthy both by the inhabitants and by sanitary authorities. Although the thresholds of pathogenicity have not yet been established, the toxic, allergic and infectious risk of indoor moulds is better understood today. A study on indoor fungi contamination for 128 ...
Norton Christopher J - - 2008
The ability of archaic Homo sapiens to survive in more northerly latitudes was contingent on securing a regular source of animal fat and protein. We present a taphonomic study that examines how successful these hominins were at acquiring these food sources during the latter part of the Early Paleolithic in ...
Lee J-S - - 2008
Soybean hull-wheat flour composites were prepared and used a doughnut formulation in order to decrease fat uptake during deep-fat frying. Soybean hulls were microparticulated by jet milling, and wheat flour was air-classified into coarse and fine fraction by an air classifying system. The coarse fraction of wheat flour was dry-coated ...
Mahalakshmi M - - 2009
Photocatalytic activity of TiO2 and zeolites supported TiO2 were investigated using propoxur as a model pollutant. Hbeta, HY and H-ZSM-5 zeolites were examined as supports for TiO2. Hbeta was chosen as the TiO2 support based on the adsorption capacity of propoxur on these zeolites (Hbeta>HY=H-ZSM-5). TiO2/Hbeta photocatalysts with different wt.% ...
Doering Che - - 2008
Surface air concentrations of 7Be at a number of stations in Oceania show a distinct annual cycle. We apply a sinusoidal model to describe this cycle. The results show that peak 7Be concentrations in surface air occur during early spring at tropical latitudes and during mid-to-late summer at middle latitudes. ...
Schultz John J - - 2008
Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) was used to monitor 12 pig burials in Florida, each of which contained a small pig cadaver. Six of the cadavers were buried in sand at a depth of 0.50-0.60 m, and the other six were buried in sand at a depth of 1.00-1.10 m to represent ...
Entezari Alireza - - 2008
We introduce a family of box splines for efficient, accurate and smooth reconstruction of volumetric data sampled on the Body Centered Cubic (BCC) lattice, which is the favorable volumetric sampling pattern due to its optimal spectral sphere packing property. First, we construct a box spline based on the four principal ...
Tonne C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To alleviate traffic congestion in Central London, the Mayor introduced the Congestion Charging Scheme (CCS) in February 2003. We modelled the impact of the CCS on levels of traffic pollutants, life expectancy and socioeconomic inequalities. METHODS: Annual average NO(2) and PM(10) were modelled using an emission-dispersion model. We assumed ...
Beslić I - - 2008
This paper presents a study on the relationship between trace metal concentrations and the state of the atmosphere at the Croatian EMEP station Puntijarka, Zagreb. PM(10) and PM(2.5) particle fractions are hazardous in terms of morbidity and hospitalization due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and in terms of total mortality. ...
Tam Annie A Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2009
The traceless Staudinger ligation can be mediated by phosphinothiols under physiological conditions. Proximal positive charges are necessary to achieve that transformation, presumably because those charges discourage protonation of the key iminophosphorane intermediate. Here, a series of cationic phosphinothiols is used to probe Coulombic effects on the traceless Staudinger ligation in ...
Chu Peter C - - 2008
Lanzhou is one of the major industrial cities in northwest China, the capital of Gansu Province, and located at a northwest-to-southeast oriented valley basin with elevation about 1500-1600-m. Due to topographic and meteorological characteristics, Lanzhou is one of the most polluted cities in China. Meteorological conditions (low winds, stable stratification ...
Pal Raktim - - 2009
The atmospheric concentrations of several reduced sulfur compounds (RSCs) including H(2)S, CH(3)SH, DMS, CS(2), and DMDS were measured concurrently from a series of field campaigns covering multiple locations in the surroundings of a large industrial region (August 2004 to September 2005). These field studies have been designed and undertaken to ...
Talu Esra - - 2008
The dynamic processes impacting the size distributions of lipid-encapsulated microbubbles formed by flow-focusing were observed by video optical microscopy. Parameters studied included the filling gas, gas saturating the surrounding solution, and microbubble size (initial size 2-12 microm) to simulate typical laboratory conditions. Typically, dissolution or growth, followed by Ostwald ripening ...
Paquet P - - 2008
Previous observations have revealed that environmental nondermatophyte molds (NDM) can grow inside specific hydrogel pads (LaserAid). Some of these NDM might be responsible for superficial and invasive mycoses as well as for allergic respiratory and cutaneous disorders. The load of NDM propagules in the environment is considered to be an ...
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