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Results 601 - 650 of 788
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Ohala J J - - 1995
In the history of various European languages (Latin, Spanish, English, Swedish, and various dialects of French) there are instances of the cluster mn appearing as mpn. There are philological controversies as to whether this 'epenthetic' p was actually pronounced or was just a learned hypercorrect spelling. I offer here a ...
Keith O - - 1994
The frictional characteristics of two types of zirconia (Harmony, Hudson Ltd., Sheffield, U.K., and Toray, Yamaura Corp., Tokyo, Japan) brackets were compared with those of polycrystalline alumina (Transcend 2000, Unitek Corp., Monrovia, Calif.) brackets in both dry and wet states. To compare the couples, four arch wire alloys were studied: ...
Mattie P A - - 1994
PURPOSE: Current prosthetic acrylic resins are radiolucent and cannot be imaged using standard radiographic techniques. If accidentally impacted or ingested, delays in localizing or removing the foreign body may be life-threatening. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of an experimental radiopaque additive, triphenyl bismuth (TPB), on ...
Aggazzotti G - - 1994
Perchloroethylene (PCE) is the most widely used solvent in dry-cleaning; it is toxic to the liver, kidney and central nervous system and may be a human carcinogen. PCE levels in the ambient air of dry-cleaners' homes were measured, and samples of end-exhaled air (alveolar air) from subjects who were not ...
Fox R W - - 1994
Air cleaners are manufactured by many companies in the United States. Air cleaning devices vary widely in design, methods of operation, cost, and level of efficiency. No universally accepted performance standards are available to compare the capabilities of the available air cleaners. These units are classified as household appliances, not ...
Shryock T R - - 1994
A factorial arrangement of tilmicosin and bentonite was evaluated for efficacy in broiler chickens infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and correlated to tilmicosin recovery in a feed assay method. Tilmicosin at 300-500 g/ton prevented development of airsacculitis. The addition of 2% bentonite to the ration caused tilmicosin at 300 g/ton to ...
Todd P - - 1994
Inhalation risks on long-duration manned spaced flight include gasses chronically released by outgassing of materials, gasses released during spills, thermodegradation events (including fires) with their attendant particulates, and fire extinguishment. As an example, an event in which electronic insulation consisting of polytetrafluoroethylene undergoes thermodegradation on the Space Station Freedom was ...
Stoller J K - - 1994
In summary, recreational travel for the technology-dependent individual is common and includes travel via ground, water, and air, with oxygen and with mechanical ventilators. However, successful travel requires substantial advance preparation that involves fact-finding and communication with physicians, carriers, and vendors of equipment and oxygen. An increasing number of resource ...
Kong K C - - 1994
In implant surgery air and surface contamination have become important factors in post-operative wound infection. We established the rate of contamination of surgical gown packs and found that dropping gloves onto the open gown pack prior to scrubbing had no effect on it. Ninety-six contact plates were used for this ...
Sessink P J - - 1994
The exposure of 11 pharmaceutical plant workers to methotrexate (MTX) was studied. Personal air samples were taken during the different manufacturing processes: drug compounding, vial filling, and tablet preparation. The uptake of MTX was established by the determination of MTX in urine. MTX was analyzed using the fluorescence polarization immunoassay ...
Holopainen J K - - 1994
The effects of ambient air compared to filtered air on the reproduction of females and mean relative growth rate (MRGR) of nymphs of C. pilicornis on Norway spruce was determined in open-top chambers at Wengernalp in the Swiss Alps (1900 m a.s.l.) and at Schönenbuch near the city of Basle ...
Richards A L - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether respiratory disease due to crowded living conditions and high levels of suspended and blowing sand had a major adverse impact on US military personnel during Operation Desert Shield. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was administered to 2598 combat troops stationed in ...
Margulis L - - 1993
Phenomena previously unknown in free-living spirochetes are reported: large-sized cells with variable diameter (length to 100 microns, width between 0.4 and 3.0 microns), composite structure (smaller spirochetes inside larger ones), and positive phototropic behavior. These bacteria, Spirosymplokos, are compared with all other spirochete genera. The large spirochete, grown in mixed ...
Zador P L - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of air bags was estimated in this study by comparing driver fatalities in frontal crashes with driver fatalities in nonfrontal crashes, for cars with air bags and manual belts and cars with manual belts only. METHODS: Fatal Accident Reporting System data for drivers fatally injured during 1985 ...
Mackay G M - - 1993
Of injury-producing collisions with high seat belt use, some 25% to 30% are lateral collisions. This paper describes some of the characteristics of those collisions as they relate to the front-seat occupant sitting on the side opposite to the impact. The data came from a stratified sample of in-depth crash ...
Mitchell C A - - 1993
Thus far in the manned space program, human life support has depended on storage of air, water, food, and energy. There are no refrigerators on Shuttle, and fresh foods are limited to what can be stowed in lockers for the first 3 days of a mission, when spoilage becomes a ...
Thorne P S - - 1993
An investigation was launched following complaints of poor air quality and building-related illness in a public elementary school. Occlusion of air intakes put the building under negative pressure and caused vents from a below-ground sump to become air intakes. Outside air drawn through the sump pit traveled into the adjacent ...
Dubey S P - - 1993
Only a small number of ingested foreign bodies perforate the food passage and even a smaller fraction migrate extraluminally. This report describes a 15-year-old male patient who developed neck abscess due to perforation and complete extraluminal migration of a pharyngeal foreign body (wire). The wire was removed by surgical exploration ...
Mehnert D U - - 1993
Rotaviruses were concentrated from 8-liter samples of raw domestic sewage and sewage-polluted creek water by adsorption to and elution from positively charged microporous filters (Zeta Plus 60S), followed by ultracentrifugation of the filter eluates. Indirect immunofluorescence and direct immunoperoxidase methods allowed detection and enumeration of rotavirus in 6 (20.6%) of ...
Newhook R - - 1993
As part of an environmental health assessment in Canada, estimates of the intake of styrene by the general population were derived. Concentrations of styrene reported in air, water, soil and foods in Canada were reviewed in detail. Data on ambient air, collected by Environment Canada, showed mean concentrations of 0.09-2.35 ...
Shellis R P - - 1993
Five samples of powered enamel were each sequentially equilibrated 5 times at 37 degrees C with either 4 or 17 mmol/l H3PO4, in contact with air, and the ionic activity product for hydroxyapatite (IHA) estimated. There was evidence for preferential release of Mg and Na, especially in the first equilibrations. ...
Poulsen E - - 1993
After the identification of the hazardous intrinsic properties of a carcinogen an attempt is made to estimate, if possible, the potency of the carcinogenic effect. For the evaluation it is, furthermore, of interest to know the genotoxic properties of the chemical. The next step would be to try to estimate ...
Weldon P J - - 1993
Anatomical and behavioral aspects of chemoreception in crocodilians are reviewed. Extant crocodilians possess valvular nostrils regulated by smooth muscles; paired nasal cavities, each with three conchae; and flaps closing the rear of the buccopharyngeal passage to channel inspired air through the nasopharyngeal duct. Olfaction is enhanced by gular pumping, whereby ...
Lillywhite L P - - 1992
A retrospective study was undertaken to examine by interactive linear modeling a possible association between environmental conditions and the incidence of skin conditions (excluding athletes foot) in a coal mine following an increase in skin rashes, mainly 'prickly heat' (Miliaria rubra). An increase in the incidence was found with increasing ...
Gross K B - - 1992
The purposes of this study were to compare the amount of aerosols generated from ultrasonic and sonic scalers and to measure the potential depth of respiratory tract penetration. Forty subjects were randomly assigned to receive instrumentation with the magnetostrictive, piezoelectric, or air turbine scaler. The Anderson Air Sampler collected total ...
Shiotsuka R N - - 1992
A method was developed to use two fluidizing bed generators to deliver a mixture of 1 mg cobalt + 15 mg tungsten carbide/m3 to an inhalation exposure chamber with the output from the cobalt generator split to provide the same cobalt concentration to a cobalt-only chamber. To provide a more ...
Ibrahim J J - - 1992
This study aimed to find whether a patient placed on an anaesthetic machine could contaminate the tubing resulting in possible cross-infection to subsequent patients. Twenty randomly chosen anaesthetic circuits were collected after use during operations and cultured for bacteria and fungi. These were compared with ten circuits which had been ...
Fuller S D - - 1992
We used a canine model of airway reactivity to examine the role of airway heat flux in the response to dry air challenge. Airflow-induced bronchospasm (AIB) was assessed by measuring collateral system resistance (Rcs) with a wedged bronchoscope technique in anaesthetized mechanically ventilated dogs. We manipulate post-challenge airway heat flux ...
Gilli G - - 1992
During the summer of 1989 and the winter 1989-1990, we initiated measurements of 1,1,1-trichloroethane concentrations in indoor, outdoor, and 'personal' air, in urban and rural sites. In the Piedmont region (North-Western Italy) we have carried out an atmospheric monitoring study: in the centre of Turin city (urban site), in Cuorgnè ...
Klir J J - - 1992
1. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) and evaporative water loss (EWL) of adult red and arctic foxes were determined over ambient temperature (Ta) ranges of -13-37 degrees C and -5-30 degrees C as oxygen consumption and amount of water in expired air using an open flow system. 2. The average RMR ...
Verhoeff A P - - 1992
The presence of viable mould propagules in indoor air was investigated using the N6-Andersen sampler in combination with DG18-agar, in relation to house damp (characterized with a checklist) and in relation to the presence of moulds in outdoor air. The first part of the study was conducted in 46 houses ...
De Braekeleer M - - 1992
Samples of individuals born between 1956 and 1971 proportional to the population size of each parish of Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ) were extracted from a computerized population register. The mean inbreeding and kinship coefficients were calculated for each sample. Our results showed that inbreeding and kinship were unevenly distributed in the SLSJ ...
Dore A J - - 1992
Field studies have been conducted at a hill site in Scotland to measure the variation with altitude of wet deposition by snowfall. The results showed that, due to wind drift effects, snowflakes were captured very inefficiently by snow collectors. It was therefore not possible to measure an increase in precipitation ...
Pellis S M - - 1991
The current explanation of air righting in animals is that when falling supine in the air, labyrinthine stimulation triggers head rotation. The head rotation involves neck rotation which, via the cervical righting reflex, triggers rotation of the body. (In cats and monkeys, when the labyrinths are absent, visual stimulation when ...
Agrawal L - - 1991
In this preliminary study 45 patients suffering from pneumonia were screened for L. pneumophila. Also 17 random environmental samples viz., water from cooling system used for air-conditioning units and samples from respirator-humidifier were screened. Four of 45 (9%) clinical specimens and 13 of 17 (76%) environmental samples showed presence of ...
Cooke K - - 1991
This review covers the occurrence of aluminium in soil, air, water and food. In addition, aluminium levels in body tissues and its movement within the body have been considered. The adverse effects of aluminium that have been reported in recent years include Alzheimer's disease, dementia and hyperactivity and learning disorders ...
Aukett R J - - 1991
A method is described in which a Farmer ionization chamber is used for the direct measurement of the air kerma rate in air from small spherical Caesium-137 sources at distances of 35 to 70 mm. The calibration factor and corrections for source and ion chamber geometry are examined. For quality ...
Fleming M G - - 1991
Image cytometry was used to assess seasonal variation in the proliferation fraction of Australian common nevi. Twenty pairs of nevi were evaluated. One member of each pair had been excised during the Australian summer, and the other member of the pair had been excised during the winter. The nevi were ...
Temme L A - - 1991
Air-to-air target detection distances, age, career jet flight hours, and total career flight hours were obtained for 167 U.S. Navy fighter pilots participating in air combat maneuver training at Naval Air Station, Oceana, VA. Of the pilots sampled, 22 used a prescribed spectacle correction while flying; 145 did not. We ...
Davis D R - - 1991
It has been traditional either to cast invested wax patterns immediately after the investment has set or to store the invested patterns in a humidor for casting later. This study compared the fit of MOD inlays to parent dies after casting immediately following set of the investment, after casting 1 ...
Wilson P S - - 1991
The distribution of ear drops in normal ears is variable. A new product Otomize (Stafford-Miller) containing dexamethasone and neomycin has a non-aerosol spray mist delivery system. This has been applied to normal ears and found to be superior in its distribution to generally available ear drops previously assessed.
Gibson W B - - 1991
Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (DGBE) is a solvent used in some liquid hard surface cleaners. We evaluated the inhalation component of consumer exposure in the home to DGBE from the use of cleaning products containing up to 9% DGBE. Several experiments were conducted with restricted room air flow, exaggerated amounts ...
Ljungqvist B - - 1991
The Biotest Air Sampler RCS is often used for monitoring microbiological quality of air. Unidirectional air flow tests show that the dispersion region of contaminants around the RCS sampler is much larger than that of undisturbed parallel air flow. This must be taken into consideration when the RCS air sampler ...
Salonen R O - - 1991
Twenty-five dogs were anesthetized, paralyzed, and artificially ventilated. Their cranial tracheal arteries were perfused bilaterally with blood at constant flow, and the perfusion pressures (Patr) were measured. Tracheal smooth muscle function was assessed by recording changes in external diameter (delta Dtr). The perfused segment of the trachea was exposed to ...
Das M - - 1991
Ninety-four male pump workers, employed in 41 petrol filling stations in Kanpur (formerly Cawnpore) and Lucknow--both in the Ganges plain of north India--were clinically examined. Headache, redness in eyes, lacrimation and signs like coated and/or furred tongue, throat and/or conjunctival congestion and carious teeth were significantly higher (P less than ...
Walsh P A - - 1991
World population growth has prompted the exploration and habitation of geographical regions previously considered undesirable or unsuitable for human comfort. The impact of humans and their civilization on desert regions, where water and vegetation are scarce, is not well understood. The high plains desert of the southwestern United States is ...
Pickrell J - - 1991
Indoor atmospheres in swine or poultry confinement buildings, horse stalls or human dwellings contain gases, dusts and endotoxin in concentrations significantly in excess of those in outdoor environments. Although concentrations of such constituents differ appreciably between species, many of such differences may be related to differences in indoor mass loading ...
Wilson D L - - 1991
Indoor Rn concentrations and Rn in adjacent karst terrains were studied at four houses with crawlspaces in Huntsville, AL. In warm summertime weather, Rn-rich air may vent through limestone solution cavities exposed as holes at the surface of the properties. A probable interrelated-finding is that the indoor levels of 222Rn ...
Sørensen J L - - 1991
The importance of 133Xenon absorption into rubber detector caps during cutaneous and subcutaneous blood flow measurement was investigated in 46 experiments involving 38 persons. 133Xenon was administered atraumatically. Cutaneous and subcutaneous washout rates were registered by portable Cadmium Telluride detectors without rubber caps, with rubber caps, and with rubber caps ...
Minh Y C - - 1991
We have sought interstellar ethyl-cyanide via its 2(02)-1(01) transition towards two cold, dark clouds and report upper limits of the total column densities of 3 x 10(12) cm-2 and 2 x 10(12) cm-2 for TMC-1 and L134N, respectively. We also observed the 2(02)-1(01) transition of vinyl cyanide previously identified in ...
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